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1.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302628, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723000

RESUMEN

Blood vessels permit the selective passage of molecules and immune cells between tissues and circulation. Uncontrolled inflammatory responses from an infection can increase vascular permeability and edema, which can occasionally lead to fatal organ failure. We identified mexenone as a vascular permeability blocker by testing 2,910 compounds in the Clinically Applied Compound Library using the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced vascular permeability assay. Mexenone suppressed the LPS-induced downregulation of junctional proteins and phosphorylation of VE-cadherin in Bovine Aortic Endothelial Cells (BAECs). The injection of mexenone 1 hr before LPS administration completely blocked LPS-induced lung vascular permeability and acute lung injury in mice after 18hr. Our results suggest that mexenone-induced endothelial cell (EC) barrier stabilization could be effective in treating sepsis patients.


Asunto(s)
Células Endoteliales , Lipopolisacáridos , Sepsis , Animales , Sepsis/tratamiento farmacológico , Sepsis/inducido químicamente , Sepsis/metabolismo , Ratones , Bovinos , Células Endoteliales/efectos de los fármacos , Células Endoteliales/metabolismo , Permeabilidad Capilar/efectos de los fármacos , Lesión Pulmonar Aguda/inducido químicamente , Lesión Pulmonar Aguda/tratamiento farmacológico , Lesión Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Lesión Pulmonar Aguda/patología , Lesión Pulmonar Aguda/prevención & control , Masculino , Cadherinas/metabolismo , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Antígenos CD/metabolismo
2.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 201, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725041

RESUMEN

Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) as a stress response cytokine is involved in the development and progression of several diseases associated with metabolic disorders. However, the regulatory role and the underlying mechanisms of GDF15 in sepsis remain poorly defined. Our study analyzed the levels of GDF15 and its correlations with the clinical prognosis of patients with sepsis. In vivo and in vitro models of sepsis were applied to elucidate the role and mechanisms of GDF15 in sepsis-associated lung injury. We observed strong correlations of plasma GDF15 levels with the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and lactate as well as Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores in patients with sepsis. In the mouse model of lipopolysaccharide-induced sepsis, recombinant GDF15 inhibited the proinflammatory responses and alleviated lung tissue injury. In addition, GDF15 decreased the levels of cytokines produced by alveolar macrophages (AMs). The anti-inflammatory effect of glycolysis inhibitor 2-DG on AMs during sepsis was mediated by GDF15 via inducing the phosphorylation of the α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α) and the expression of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4). Furthermore, we explored the mechanism underlying the beneficial effects of GDF15 and found that GDF15 inhibited glycolysis and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling via promoting AMPK phosphorylation. This study demonstrated that GDF15 inhibited glycolysis and NF-κB/MAPKs signaling via activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), thereby alleviating the inflammatory responses of AMs and sepsis-associated lung injury. Our findings provided new insights into novel therapeutic strategies for treating sepsis.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas Quinasas Activadas por AMP , Glucólisis , Factor 15 de Diferenciación de Crecimiento , Macrófagos Alveolares , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Sepsis , Factor 15 de Diferenciación de Crecimiento/metabolismo , Animales , Ratones , Sepsis/metabolismo , Sepsis/tratamiento farmacológico , Masculino , Glucólisis/efectos de los fármacos , Proteínas Quinasas Activadas por AMP/metabolismo , Humanos , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Macrófagos Alveolares/efectos de los fármacos , Lesión Pulmonar/metabolismo , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad
3.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 163, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725059

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a severe form of systemic inflammatory response syndrome that is caused by infection. Sepsis is characterized by a marked state of stress, which manifests as nonspecific physiological and metabolic changes in response to the disease. Previous studies have indicated that the stress hyperglycemia ratio (SHR) can serve as a reliable predictor of adverse outcomes in various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, there is limited research on the relationship between the SHR and adverse outcomes in patients with infectious diseases, particularly in critically ill patients with sepsis. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the association between the SHR and adverse outcomes in critically ill patients with sepsis. METHODS: Clinical data from 2312 critically ill patients with sepsis were extracted from the MIMIC-IV (2.2) database. Based on the quartiles of the SHR, the study population was divided into four groups. The primary outcome was 28-day all-cause mortality, and the secondary outcome was in-hospital mortality. The relationship between the SHR and adverse outcomes was explored using restricted cubic splines, Cox proportional hazard regression, and Kaplan‒Meier curves. The predictive ability of the SHR was assessed using the Boruta algorithm, and a prediction model was established using machine learning algorithms. RESULTS: Data from 2312 patients who were diagnosed with sepsis were analyzed. Restricted cubic splines demonstrated a "U-shaped" association between the SHR and survival rate, indicating that an increase in the SHR is related to an increased risk of adverse events. A higher SHR was significantly associated with an increased risk of 28-day mortality and in-hospital mortality in patients with sepsis (HR > 1, P < 0.05) compared to a lower SHR. Boruta feature selection showed that SHR had a higher Z score, and the model built using the rsf algorithm showed the best performance (AUC = 0.8322). CONCLUSION: The SHR exhibited a U-shaped relationship with 28-day all-cause mortality and in-hospital mortality in critically ill patients with sepsis. A high SHR is significantly correlated with an increased risk of adverse events, thus indicating that is a potential predictor of adverse outcomes in patients with sepsis.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , Glucemia , Causas de Muerte , Enfermedad Crítica , Bases de Datos Factuales , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Hiperglucemia , Aprendizaje Automático , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Sepsis , Humanos , Sepsis/mortalidad , Sepsis/diagnóstico , Sepsis/sangre , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Anciano , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Tiempo , Factores de Riesgo , Pronóstico , Hiperglucemia/diagnóstico , Hiperglucemia/mortalidad , Hiperglucemia/sangre , Glucemia/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangre , Técnicas de Apoyo para la Decisión , China/epidemiología
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(19): e38115, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728509

RESUMEN

Platelets are increasingly recognized for their multifaceted roles in inflammation beyond their traditional involvement in haemostasis. This review consolidates knowledge on platelets as critical players in inflammatory responses. This study did an extensive search of electronic databases and identified studies on platelets in inflammation, focusing on molecular mechanisms, cell interactions, and clinical implications, emphasizing recent publications. Platelets contribute to inflammation via surface receptors, release of mediators, and participation in neutrophil extracellular trap formation. They are implicated in diseases like atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and sepsis, highlighting their interaction with immune cells as pivotal in the onset and resolution of inflammation. Platelets are central to regulating inflammation, offering new therapeutic targets for inflammatory diseases. Future research should explore specific molecular pathways of platelets in inflammation for therapeutic intervention.


Asunto(s)
Plaquetas , Inflamación , Humanos , Plaquetas/inmunología , Inflamación/inmunología , Trampas Extracelulares/inmunología , Trampas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Sepsis/inmunología , Sepsis/sangre , Artritis Reumatoide/inmunología , Artritis Reumatoide/sangre , Neutrófilos/inmunología
5.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 314, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730089

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To provide a descriptive report of mortality and morbidity in the first 30 days of diagnosis of urosepsis. Secondary aim is to identify risk factors of unfavourable outcomes. METHODS: Prospective observational multicentre cohort study conducted from September 2014 to November 2018 in European hospitals. Adult patients (≥ 18 years) diagnosed with acute urosepsis according to Sepsis-2 criteria with confirmed microbiological infection were included. Outcomes were classified in one of four health states: death, multiple organ failure, single organ failure, and recovery at day 30 from onset of urosepsis. Descriptive statistics and ordinal logistic regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Three hundred and fifty four patients were recruited, and 30-day mortality rate was 2.8%, rising to 4.6% for severe sepsis. All patients who died had a SOFA score of ≥ 2 at diagnosis. Upon initial diagnosis, 79% (n = 281) of patients presented with OF. Within 30 days, an additional 5% developed OF, resulting in a total of 84% affected. Charlson score (OR 1.14 CI 1.01-1.28), patients with respiratory failure at baseline (OR 2.35, CI 1.32-4.21), ICU admission within the past 12 months (OR 2.05, CI 1.00-4.19), obstruction causative of urosepsis (OR 1.76, CI 1.02-3.05), urosepsis with multi-drug-resistant(MDR) pathogens (OR 2.01, CI 1.15-3.53), and SOFA baseline score ≥ 2 (OR 2.74, CI 1.49-5.07) are significantly associated with day 30 outcomes (OF and death). CONCLUSIONS: Impact of comorbidities and MDR pathogens on outcomes highlights the existence of a distinct group of patients who are prone to mortality and morbidity. These findings underscore the need for the development of pragmatic classifications to better assess the severity of UTIs and guide management strategies. STUDY REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov registration number NCT02380170.


Asunto(s)
Sepsis , Infecciones Urinarias , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Femenino , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo , Anciano , Infecciones Urinarias/epidemiología , Sepsis/mortalidad , Sepsis/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Tiempo , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios de Cohortes
6.
Crit Care ; 28(1): 156, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730421

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Current classification for acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients with sepsis relies only on its severity-measured by maximum creatinine which overlooks inherent complexities and longitudinal evaluation of this heterogenous syndrome. The role of classification of AKI based on early creatinine trajectories is unclear. METHODS: This retrospective study identified patients with Sepsis-3 who developed AKI within 48-h of intensive care unit admission using Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-IV database. We used latent class mixed modelling to identify early creatinine trajectory-based classes of AKI in critically ill patients with sepsis. Our primary outcome was development of acute kidney disease (AKD). Secondary outcomes were composite of AKD or all-cause in-hospital mortality by day 7, and AKD or all-cause in-hospital mortality by hospital discharge. We used multivariable regression to assess impact of creatinine trajectory-based classification on outcomes, and eICU database for external validation. RESULTS: Among 4197 patients with AKI in critically ill patients with sepsis, we identified eight creatinine trajectory-based classes with distinct characteristics. Compared to the class with transient AKI, the class that showed severe AKI with mild improvement but persistence had highest adjusted risks for developing AKD (OR 5.16; 95% CI 2.87-9.24) and composite 7-day outcome (HR 4.51; 95% CI 2.69-7.56). The class that demonstrated late mild AKI with persistence and worsening had highest risks for developing composite hospital discharge outcome (HR 2.04; 95% CI 1.41-2.94). These associations were similar on external validation. CONCLUSIONS: These 8 classes of AKI in critically ill patients with sepsis, stratified by early creatinine trajectories, were good predictors for key outcomes in patients with AKI in critically ill patients with sepsis independent of their AKI staging.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , Creatinina , Enfermedad Crítica , Aprendizaje Automático , Sepsis , Humanos , Lesión Renal Aguda/sangre , Lesión Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Lesión Renal Aguda/etiología , Lesión Renal Aguda/clasificación , Masculino , Sepsis/sangre , Sepsis/complicaciones , Sepsis/clasificación , Femenino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Creatinina/sangre , Creatinina/análisis , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Aprendizaje Automático/tendencias , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/estadística & datos numéricos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/organización & administración , Biomarcadores/sangre , Biomarcadores/análisis , Mortalidad Hospitalaria
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731929

RESUMEN

Sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SICM) is one of the leading indicators for poor prognosis associated with sepsis. Despite its reversibility, prognosis varies widely among patients. Mitochondria play a key role in cellular energy production by generating adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is vital for myocardial energy metabolism. Over recent years, mounting evidence suggests that severe sepsis not only triggers mitochondrial structural abnormalities such as apoptosis, incomplete autophagy, and mitophagy in cardiomyocytes but also compromises their function, leading to ATP depletion. This metabolic disruption is recognized as a significant contributor to SICM, yet effective treatment options remain elusive. Sepsis cannot be effectively treated with inotropic drugs in failing myocardium due to excessive inflammatory factors that blunt ß-adrenergic receptors. This review will share the recent knowledge on myocardial cell death in sepsis and its molecular mechanisms, focusing on the role of mitochondria as an important metabolic regulator of SICM, and discuss the potential for developing therapies for sepsis-induced myocardial injury.


Asunto(s)
Cardiomiopatías , Sepsis , Sepsis/complicaciones , Sepsis/metabolismo , Humanos , Cardiomiopatías/etiología , Cardiomiopatías/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatías/patología , Animales , Mitocondrias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Mitocondrias Cardíacas/patología , Mitofagia , Metabolismo Energético , Mitocondrias/metabolismo , Mitocondrias/patología , Miocitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miocitos Cardíacos/patología , Apoptosis , Adenosina Trifosfato/metabolismo
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731999

RESUMEN

To date, several members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channels which provide a wide array of roles have been found in the gastrointestinal tract (GI). The goal of earlier research was to comprehend the intricate signaling cascades that contribute to TRP channel activation as well as how these receptors' activity affects other systems. Moreover, there is a large volume of published studies describing the role of TRP channels in a number of pathological disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and sepsis. Nevertheless, the generalizability of these results is subject to certain limitations. For instance, the study of IBD relies on various animal models and experimental methods, which are unable to precisely imitate the multifactorial chronic disease. The diverse pathophysiological mechanisms and unique susceptibility of animals may account for the inconsistency of the experimental data collected. The main purpose of this study was to conduct a comprehensive review and analysis of existing studies on transient receptor potential (TRP) channels implicating specific models of colitis and sepsis, with particular emphasis on their involvement in pathological disorders such as IBD and sepsis. Furthermore, the text endeavors to evaluate the generalizability of experimental findings, taking into consideration the limitations posed by animal models and experimental methodologies. Finally, we also provide an updated schematic of the most important and possible molecular signaling pathways associated with TRP channels in IBD and sepsis.


Asunto(s)
Colitis , Sepsis , Canales de Potencial de Receptor Transitorio , Sepsis/metabolismo , Canales de Potencial de Receptor Transitorio/metabolismo , Animales , Humanos , Colitis/metabolismo , Colitis/patología , Transducción de Señal , Enfermedades Inflamatorias del Intestino/metabolismo , Enfermedades Inflamatorias del Intestino/patología , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad
9.
Crit Care ; 28(1): 164, 2024 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745253

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hypoinflammatory and hyperinflammatory phenotypes have been identified in both Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) and sepsis. Attributable mortality of ARDS in each phenotype of sepsis is yet to be determined. We aimed to estimate the population attributable fraction of death from ARDS (PAFARDS) in hypoinflammatory and hyperinflammatory sepsis, and to determine the primary cause of death within each phenotype. METHODS: We studied 1737 patients with sepsis from two prospective cohorts. Patients were previously assigned to the hyperinflammatory or hypoinflammatory phenotype using latent class analysis. The PAFARDS in patients with sepsis was estimated separately in the hypo and hyperinflammatory phenotypes. Organ dysfunction, severe comorbidities, and withdrawal of life support were abstracted from the medical record in a subset of patients from the EARLI cohort who died (n = 130/179). Primary cause of death was defined as the organ system that most directly contributed to death or withdrawal of life support. RESULTS: The PAFARDS was 19% (95%CI 10,28%) in hypoinflammatory sepsis and, 14% (95%CI 6,20%) in hyperinflammatory sepsis. Cause of death differed between the two phenotypes (p < 0.001). Respiratory failure was the most common cause of death in hypoinflammatory sepsis, whereas circulatory shock was the most common cause in hyperinflammatory sepsis. Death with severe underlying comorbidities was more frequent in hypoinflammatory sepsis (81% vs. 67%, p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: The PAFARDS is modest in both phenotypes whereas primary cause of death among patients with sepsis differed substantially by phenotype. This study identifies challenges in powering future clinical trials to detect changes in mortality outcomes among patients with sepsis and ARDS.


Asunto(s)
Fenotipo , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria , Sepsis , Humanos , Sepsis/mortalidad , Sepsis/complicaciones , Sepsis/fisiopatología , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria/mortalidad , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria/fisiopatología , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Estudios Prospectivos , Causas de Muerte/tendencias , Estudios de Cohortes , Inflamación
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10477, 2024 05 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714743

RESUMEN

Endothelial glycocalyx (eGC) covers the inner surface of the vessels and plays a role in vascular homeostasis. Syndecan is considered the "backbone" of this structure. Several studies have shown eGC shedding in sepsis and its involvement in organ dysfunction. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) contribute to eGC shedding through their ability for syndecan-1 cleavage. This study aimed to investigate if doxycycline, a potent MMP inhibitor, could protect against eGC shedding in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis and if it could interrupt the vascular hyperpermeability, neutrophil transmigration, and microvascular impairment. Rats that received pretreatment with doxycycline before LPS displayed ultrastructural preservation of the eGC observed using transmission electronic microscopy of the lung and heart. In addition, these animals exhibited lower serum syndecan-1 levels, a biomarker of eGC injury, and lower perfused boundary region (PBR) in the mesenteric video capillaroscopy, which is inversely related to the eGC thickness compared with rats that only received LPS. Furthermore, this study revealed that doxycycline decreased sepsis-related vascular hyperpermeability in the lung and heart, reduced neutrophil transmigration in the peritoneal lavage and inside the lungs, and improved some microvascular parameters. These findings suggest that doxycycline protects against LPS-induced eGC shedding, and it could reduce vascular hyperpermeability, neutrophils transmigration, and microvascular impairment.


Asunto(s)
Doxiciclina , Glicocálix , Lipopolisacáridos , Sepsis , Glicocálix/metabolismo , Glicocálix/efectos de los fármacos , Animales , Sepsis/tratamiento farmacológico , Sepsis/metabolismo , Doxiciclina/farmacología , Ratas , Masculino , Permeabilidad Capilar/efectos de los fármacos , Pulmón/patología , Pulmón/metabolismo , Pulmón/efectos de los fármacos , Sindecano-1/metabolismo , Ratas Wistar , Endotelio Vascular/efectos de los fármacos , Endotelio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotelio Vascular/patología , Células Endoteliales/efectos de los fármacos , Células Endoteliales/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/efectos de los fármacos , Inhibidores de la Metaloproteinasa de la Matriz/farmacología
11.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1394925, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690282

RESUMEN

Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by the host's dysfunctional response to infection. Abnormal activation of the immune system and disturbance of energy metabolism play a key role in the development of sepsis. In recent years, the Sirtuins (SIRTs) family has been found to play an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. SIRTs, as a class of histone deacetylases (HDACs), are widely involved in cellular inflammation regulation, energy metabolism and oxidative stress. The effects of SIRTs on immune cells are mainly reflected in the regulation of inflammatory pathways. This regulation helps balance the inflammatory response and may lessen cell damage and organ dysfunction in sepsis. In terms of energy metabolism, SIRTs can play a role in immunophenotypic transformation by regulating cell metabolism, improve mitochondrial function, increase energy production, and maintain cell energy balance. SIRTs also regulate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), protecting cells from oxidative stress damage by activating antioxidant defense pathways and maintaining a balance between oxidants and reducing agents. Current studies have shown that several potential drugs, such as Resveratrol and melatonin, can enhance the activity of SIRT. It can help to reduce inflammatory response, improve energy metabolism and reduce oxidative stress, showing potential clinical application prospects for the treatment of sepsis. This review focuses on the regulation of SIRT on inflammatory response, energy metabolism and oxidative stress of immune cells, as well as its important influence on multiple organ dysfunction in sepsis, and discusses and summarizes the effects of related drugs and compounds on reducing multiple organ damage in sepsis through the pathway involving SIRTs. SIRTs may become a new target for the treatment of sepsis and its resulting organ dysfunction, providing new ideas and possibilities for the treatment of this life-threatening disease.


Asunto(s)
Metabolismo Energético , Estrés Oxidativo , Sepsis , Sirtuinas , Humanos , Sepsis/tratamiento farmacológico , Sepsis/inmunología , Sepsis/metabolismo , Animales , Sirtuinas/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético/efectos de los fármacos , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Inflamación/inmunología
12.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 277, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691160

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the rate and associated risk factors of early infectious complications after ureterorenoscopy for urolithiasis. METHODS: After ethical committee approval, 400 therapeutic retrograde ureterorenoscopy procedures between August 3, 2020 and November 24, 2021 were included for analysis in a single-center study. Postoperative infection was defined as an afebrile urinary tract infection, fever (≥ 38 °C) with pyuria (≥ 300 WBC/µL) or proven urinary pathogen, and urosepsis. The primary outcome was the rate of infectious complications after ureterorenoscopy. Secondary outcomes were the perioperative factors that increased the risk of infectious complications within 30 days of surgery using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-nine of four hundred (7.3%) patients developed an infectious complication within 30 days after ureterorenoscopy. Ten (2.5%) patients developed an afebrile urinary tract infection, eight (2.0%) developed fever with pyuria, five (1.3%) febrile urinary tract infection, and six (1.5%) urosepsis. On univariate analysis, preoperative stent-type JFil® pigtail suture stent was significantly associated with the dependent variable (p < 0.001). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, older age (OR 1.035; 95% CI 1.006-1.070; p = 0.02) was found to be significantly associated with developing a postoperative infectious complication. CONCLUSIONS: A 7.3% rate of postoperative infectious complications and 1.5% urosepsis rate were observed after therapeutic ureterorenoscopy, without the need of intensive care admission. The only significant risk factors were preoperative stent type (JFil® pigtail suture stent) on univariate analysis, and older age on multivariate logistic regression analysis. Further multicentric prospective observational data are needed in this field.


Asunto(s)
Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Ureteroscopía , Infecciones Urinarias , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Prospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Ureteroscopía/efectos adversos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infecciones Urinarias/epidemiología , Infecciones Urinarias/etiología , Adulto , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Anciano , Factores de Tiempo , Sepsis/etiología , Sepsis/epidemiología , Urolitiasis/cirugía
13.
J Int Med Res ; 52(5): 3000605241247696, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698505

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare an Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGboost) model with a multivariable logistic regression (LR) model for their ability to predict sepsis after extremely severe burns. METHODS: For this observational study, patient demographic and clinical information were collected from medical records. The two models were evaluated using area under curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Of the 103 eligible patients with extremely severe burns, 20 (19%) were in the sepsis group, and 83 (81%) in the non-sepsis group. The LR model showed that age, admission time, body index (BI), fibrinogen, and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were risk factors for sepsis. Comparing AUC of the ROC curves, the XGboost model had a higher predictive performance (0.91) than the LR model (0.88). The SHAP visualization tool indicated fibrinogen, NLR, BI, and age were important features of sepsis in patients with extremely severe burns. CONCLUSIONS: The XGboost model was superior to the LR model in predictive efficacy. Results suggest that, fibrinogen, NLR, BI, and age were correlated with sepsis after extremely severe burns.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Curva ROC , Sepsis , Humanos , Sepsis/etiología , Sepsis/sangre , Sepsis/complicaciones , Sepsis/diagnóstico , Masculino , Femenino , Quemaduras/complicaciones , Modelos Logísticos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Factores de Riesgo , Neutrófilos/inmunología , Fibrinógeno/metabolismo , Fibrinógeno/análisis , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Área Bajo la Curva , Anciano
14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 472, 2024 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711008

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a common syndrome of multiorgan system dysfunction secondary to the dysregulated inflammatory response to infection. The role of pancreatic stone protein (PSP) in diagnosing sepsis has been investigated in previous studies. The meta-analysis aimed to comprehensively investigate the diagnostic value of PSP in identifying sepsis. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), were systematically searched. Studies investigating the diagnostic performance of PSP were included. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive Likelihood Ratio (+ LR) and negative Likelihood Ratio (-LR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and area under the curve (AUC) of summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) were calculated. RESULTS: The sensitivity of PSP was 0.88 (95% CI: 0.77-0.94), and the pooled specificity was 0.78 (95% CI: 0.65-0.87). Pooled + LR, -LR, and DOR were 4.1 (2.3, 7.3), 0.16 (0.07, 0.34), and 26 (7, 98). The AUC value for the SROC of PSP was 0.90 (0.87, 0.92). The pooled sensitivity, specificity, + LR and - LR, and DOR for PSP among neonates were 0.91 (95% CI: 0.84, 0.96), 0.66 (95% CI: 0.58, 0.74), 3.97 (95% CI: 0.53, 29.58), 0.13 (95% CI: 0.02, 1.00), and 31.27 (95% CI: 0.97, 1004.60). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that PSP demonstrated favorable diagnostic accuracy in detecting sepsis. Well-designed studies are warranted to ascertain the value of PSP measurement to guide early empirical antibiotic treatment, particularly in neonates.


Asunto(s)
Litostatina , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Sepsis , Humanos , Sepsis/diagnóstico , Litostatina/sangre , Curva ROC , Biomarcadores
16.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1355405, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720891

RESUMEN

Introduction: Sepsis engenders distinct host immunologic changes that include the expansion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). These cells play a physiologic role in tempering acute inflammatory responses but can persist in patients who develop chronic critical illness. Methods: Cellular Indexing of Transcriptomes and Epitopes by Sequencing and transcriptomic analysis are used to describe MDSC subpopulations based on differential gene expression, RNA velocities, and biologic process clustering. Results: We identify a unique lineage and differentiation pathway for MDSCs after sepsis and describe a novel MDSC subpopulation. Additionally, we report that the heterogeneous response of the myeloid compartment of blood to sepsis is dependent on clinical outcome. Discussion: The origins and lineage of these MDSC subpopulations were previously assumed to be discrete and unidirectional; however, these cells exhibit a dynamic phenotype with considerable plasticity.


Asunto(s)
Células Supresoras de Origen Mieloide , Sepsis , Células Supresoras de Origen Mieloide/inmunología , Células Supresoras de Origen Mieloide/metabolismo , Humanos , Sepsis/inmunología , Transcriptoma , Masculino , Femenino , Diferenciación Celular/inmunología , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica
17.
Virulence ; 15(1): 2350775, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736041

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The translocation of intestinal flora has been linked to the colonization of diverse and heavy lower respiratory flora in patients with septic ARDS, and is considered a critical prognostic factor for patients. METHODS: On the first and third days of ICU admission, BALF, throat swab, and anal swab were collected, resulting in a total of 288 samples. These samples were analyzed using 16S rRNA analysis and the traceability analysis of new generation technology. RESULTS: On the first day, among the top five microbiota species in abundance, four species were found to be identical in BALF and throat samples. Similarly, on the third day, three microbiota species were found to be identical in abundance in both BALF and throat samples. On the first day, 85.16% of microorganisms originated from the throat, 5.79% from the intestines, and 9.05% were unknown. On the third day, 83.52% of microorganisms came from the throat, 4.67% from the intestines, and 11.81% were unknown. Additionally, when regrouping the 46 patients, the results revealed a significant predominance of throat microorganisms in BALF on both the first and third day. Furthermore, as the disease progressed, the proportion of intestinal flora in BALF increased in patients with enterogenic ARDS. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with septic ARDS, the main source of lung microbiota is primarily from the throat. Furthermore, the dynamic trend of the microbiota on the first and third day is essentially consistent.It is important to note that the origin of the intestinal flora does not exclude the possibility of its origin from the throat.


Asunto(s)
Bacterias , Líquido del Lavado Bronquioalveolar , Microbiota , Faringe , ARN Ribosómico 16S , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria , Sepsis , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria/microbiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Faringe/microbiología , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Líquido del Lavado Bronquioalveolar/microbiología , Anciano , Sepsis/microbiología , Bacterias/clasificación , Bacterias/aislamiento & purificación , Bacterias/genética , Alveolos Pulmonares/microbiología , Adulto , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal
18.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 48(5): 263-271, mayo.-2024. graf, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-ADZ-390

RESUMEN

Objective In this study, we aimed to evaluate the death risk factors of patients included in the sepsis protocol bundle, using clinical data from qSOFA, SIRS, and comorbidities, as well as development of a mortality risk score. Design This retrospective cohort study was conducted between 2016 and 2021. Setting Two university hospitals in Brazil. Participants Patients with sepsis. Interventions Several clinical and laboratory data were collected focused on SIRS, qSOFA, and comorbidities. Main variable of interest In-hospital mortality was the primary outcome variable. A mortality risk score was developed after logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 1,808 patients were included with a death rate of 36%. Ten variables remained independent factors related to death in multivariate analysis: temperature ≥38 °C (odds ratio [OR] = 0.65), previous sepsis (OR = 1.42), qSOFA ≥ 2 (OR = 1.43), leukocytes >12,000 or <4,000 cells/mm3 (OR = 1.61), encephalic vascular accident (OR = 1.88), age >60 years (OR = 1.93), cancer (OR = 2.2), length of hospital stay before sepsis >7 days (OR = 2.22,), dialysis (OR = 2.51), and cirrhosis (OR = 3.97). Considering the equation of the binary regression logistic analysis, the score presented an area under curve of 0.668, is not a potential model for death prediction. Conclusions Several risk factors are independently associated with mortality, allowing the development of a prediction score based on qSOFA, SIRS, and comorbidities data, however, the performance of this score is low. (AU)


Objetivo En este estudio, nuestro objetivo fue evaluar los factores de riesgo de muerte de los pacientes incluidos en el protocolo de sepsis, utilizando datos clínicos de qSOFA, SIRS y comorbilidades, así como el desarrollo de un puntaje de riesgo de mortalidad. Diseño Este estudio de cohorte retrospectivo se llevó a cabo entre 2016 y 2021. Ámbito Dos hospitales universitarios en Brasil. Participantes Pacientes con sepsis. Intervenciones Se recopilaron varios datos clínicos y de laboratorio centrados en SIRS, qSOFA y comorbilidades. Variable de interésprincipales La mortalidad intrahospitalaria fue la variable de resultado primaria. Se desarrolló un puntaje de riesgo de mortalidad después del análisis de regresión logística. Resultados Se incluyeron un total de 1,808 pacientes con una tasa de mortalidad del 36%. Diez variables permanecieron como factores independientes relacionados con la muerte en el análisis multivariado: temperatura ≥38 °C (odds ratio [OR] = 0.65), sepsis previa (OR = 1.42), qSOFA≥2 (OR = 1.43), leucocitos >12,000 o <4,000 células/mm3 (OR = 1.61), accidente cerebrovascular encefálico (OR = 1.88), edad >60 años (OR = 1.93), cáncer (OR = 2.2), duración de la estancia hospitalaria antes de la sepsis >7 días (OR = 2.22), diálisis (OR = 2.51) y cirrosis (OR = 3.97). Considerando la ecuación del análisis de regresión logística binaria, el puntaje presentó un área bajo la curva de 0.668, un modelo débil para la predicción de la muerte. Conclusiones Varios factores de riesgo se asocian de forma independiente con la mortalidad, lo que permite el desarrollo de una puntuación de predicción basada en datos de qSOFA, SIRS y comorbilidades; sin embargo, el rendimiento de esta puntuación es bajo. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Sepsis , Antibacterianos , Insuficiencia Multiorgánica , Síndrome de Respuesta Inflamatoria Sistémica , Choque
19.
Crit Care ; 28(1): 148, 2024 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711155

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sepsis occurs in 12-27% of patients with haematological malignancy within a year of diagnosis. Sepsis mortality has improved in non-cancer patients in the last two decades, but longitudinal trends in patients with haematological malignancy are not well characterised. We aimed to compare outcomes, including temporal changes, in patients with and without a haematological malignancy admitted to ICU with a primary diagnosis of sepsis in Australia and New Zealand over the past two decades. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 282,627 patients with a primary intensive care unit (ICU) admission diagnosis of sepsis including 17,313 patients with haematological malignancy, admitted to 216 intensive care units (ICUs) in Australia or New Zealand between January 2000 and December 2022. Annual crude and adjusted in-hospital mortality were reported. Risk factors for in-hospital mortality were determined using a mixed methods logistic regression model and were used to calculate annual changes in mortality. RESULTS: In-hospital sepsis mortality decreased in patients with haematological malignancy, from 55.6% (95% CI 46.5-64.6%) in 2000 to 23.1% (95% CI 20.8-25.5%) in 2021. In patients without haematological malignancy mortality decreased from 33.1% (95% CI 31.3-35.1%) to 14.4% (95% CI 13.8-14.8%). This decrease remained significant after adjusting for mortality predictors including age, SOFA score and comorbidities, as estimated by adjusted annual odds of in-hospital death. The reduction in odds of death was of greater magnitude in patients with haematological malignancy than those without (OR 0.954, 95% CI 0.947-0.961 vs. OR 0.968, 95% CI 0.966-0.971, p < 0.001). However, absolute risk of in-hospital mortality remained higher in patients with haematological malignancy. Older age, higher SOFA score, presence of comorbidities, and mechanical ventilation were associated with increased mortality. Leukopenia (white cell count < 1.0 × 109 cells/L) was not associated with increased mortality in patients with haematological malignancy (p = 0.60). CONCLUSIONS: Sepsis mortality has improved in patients with haematological malignancy admitted to ICU. However, mortality remains higher in patients with haematological malignancy than those without.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Sepsis , Humanos , Sepsis/mortalidad , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidad , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Femenino , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/organización & administración , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/estadística & datos numéricos , Nueva Zelanda/epidemiología , Estudios de Cohortes , Mortalidad Hospitalaria/tendencias , Australia/epidemiología , Adulto , Modelos Logísticos , Factores de Riesgo , Anciano de 80 o más Años
20.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1373876, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715602

RESUMEN

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of electro-acupuncture (EA) on sepsis-related intestinal injury and its relationship with macrophage polarization. Methods: A sepsis model was established using cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) to assess the effectiveness of EA. The extent of pathological injury was evaluated using Chiu's score, the expression of ZO-1 and Ocludin, and the impact on macrophage polarization was examined through flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining. The expression of spermidine, one type of polyamine, and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) was measured using ELISA and PCR. Once the efficacy was determined, a polyamine depletion model was created, and the role of polyamines was reassessed by evaluating efficacy and observing macrophage polarization. Results: EA treatment reduced the Chiu's score and increased the expression of ZO-1 and Ocludin in the intestinal tissue of septic mice. It inhibited the secretion of IL-1ß and TNF-α, promoted the polarization of M2-type macrophages, increased the secretion of IL-10, and upregulated the expression of Arg-1, spermidine, and ODC. However, after depleting polyamines, the beneficial effects of EA on alleviating intestinal tissue damage and modulating macrophage polarization disappeared. Conclusion: The mechanism underlying the alleviation of intestinal injury associated with CLP-induced sepsis by EA involves with the promotion of M2-type macrophage polarization mediated by spermidine expression.


Asunto(s)
Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Electroacupuntura , Macrófagos , Poliaminas , Sepsis , Animales , Sepsis/terapia , Sepsis/metabolismo , Sepsis/inmunología , Ratones , Macrófagos/inmunología , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Electroacupuntura/métodos , Poliaminas/metabolismo , Masculino , Activación de Macrófagos , Intestinos/patología , Intestinos/inmunología , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Citocinas/metabolismo
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