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1.
South Med J ; 117(4): 175-181, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569603

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Cultural differences can affect postpartum mental health disorders and the utilization of mental health services. We compared women speaking English, Spanish, Russian, and Urdu/Bengali/Punjabi from postpartum through 1 year after delivery. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 3478 pregnant women from a public hospital in New York City. The primary outcome was a composite outcome of the presence of any of the following: diagnosis of depressive disorder, diagnosis of anxiety disorder, visit to a behavioral health service provider, and/or psychiatric admission. The secondary outcome was healthcare provider referral to a behavioral health service provider. RESULTS: Languages spoken were English (n = 1881), Spanish (n = 694), Russian (n = 600), and Urdu/Bengali/Punjabi (n = 303). The language groups differed significantly (P = 0.02) for the composite outcome, with English having the greatest percentage (3.5%) and Russian the lowest percentage (1.2%). The language groups significantly differed for referral to behavioral health (P = 0.04), with Spanish having the greatest percentage (1.6%) and Russian the lowest percentage (0.2%). Anxiety disorder history (odds ratio [OR] 10.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.75-22.91, P < 0.001) and psychiatric disorder history (OR 5.26, 95% CI 2.13-8.49, P < 0.001) were each significantly associated with increased odds for the composite outcome. Anxiety disorder history (OR 6.42, 95% CI 1.92-21.45, P = 0.003) and elevated depressive symptoms (OR 4.92, 95% CI 2.04-11.83, P < 0.001) each were significantly associated with increased odds for referral to behavioral health. CONCLUSIONS: Russian language was associated with lower utilization of mental health services postpartum. These findings can help clinicians determine among postpartum women who will be affected with mental health concerns and who will seek treatment for mental health concerns.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Estudios Retrospectivos , Salud Mental , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Lenguaje
2.
S Afr Fam Pract (2004) ; 66(1): e1-e5, 2024 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572877

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND:  Literature shows that in South Africa there are insufficient resources to meet mental healthcare needs. At general or district hospital level, the non-specialist doctor is often responsible for the holistic assessment and management of mental health service users. Such situations inevitably increase doctors' care load as they are required to treat across disciplines. We highlight the particular challenges faced by a community service (CS) doctor in this context. METHODS:  The presented case study formed part of a larger project that investigated public mental healthcare provision in the Eastern Cape province. Data were collected through a once-off semi-structured interview with the participant. The interview was transcribed and data analysed by utilising thematic analysis to yield results. RESULTS:  The study suggests that the CS doctor experiences being overloaded with duties, and feels overwhelmed in a healthcare context that lacks resources needed for service provision, which may lead to inadequate mental healthcare provision to public health service users. CONCLUSION:  Healthcare facilities in rural parts of the Eastern Cape province are in need of assistance. This in-depth account highlighted the consequences of working on the front line of a disadvantaged and under-resourced health system. The presented account can be interpreted as a cry for help by CS doctors for relevant authorities to improve access and provision of mental healthcare in the area.Contribution: The paper provides an exploration of the circumstances wherein mental healthcare is provided in rural parts of South Africa.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Médicos , Humanos , Atención a la Salud , Instituciones de Salud , Bienestar Social
3.
Trials ; 25(1): 234, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575945

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Indigenous youth in Northwestern Ontario who need mental health supports experience longer waits than non-Indigenous youth within the region and when compared to youth in urban areas. Limited access and extended waits can exacerbate symptoms, prolong distress, and increase risk for adverse outcomes. Innovative approaches are urgently needed to provide support for Indigenous youth in Northwestern Ontario. Using a randomized controlled trial design, the primary objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the JoyPop app compared to usual practice (UP; monitoring) in improving emotion regulation among Indigenous youth (12-17 years) who are awaiting mental health services. The secondary objectives are to (1) assess change in mental health difficulties and treatment readiness between youth in each condition to better understand the app's broader impact as a waitlist tool and (2) conduct an economic analysis to determine whether receiving the app while waiting for mental health services reduces other health service use and associated costs. METHODS: A pragmatic, parallel arm randomized controlled superiority trial will be used. Participants will be randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to the control (UP) or intervention (UP + JoyPop) condition. Stratified block randomization will be used to randomly assign participants to each condition. All participants will be monitored through existing waitlist practices, which involve regular phone calls to check in and assess functioning. Participants in the intervention condition will receive access to the JoyPop app for 4 weeks and will be asked to use it at least twice daily. All participants will be asked to complete outcome measures at baseline, after 2 weeks, and after 4 weeks. DISCUSSION: This trial will evaluate the effectiveness of the JoyPop app as a tool to support Indigenous youth waiting for mental health services. Should findings show that using the JoyPop app is beneficial, there may be support from partners and other organizations to integrate it into usual care pathways. TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://clinicaltrials.gov/study/NCT05898516 [registered on June 1, 2023].


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Aplicaciones Móviles , Humanos , Adolescente , Niño , Salud Mental , Vías Clínicas , Ontario , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 430, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575960

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: NHS England funded 40 Mental Health and Wellbeing Hubs to support health and social care staff affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to document variations in how national guidance was adapted to the local contexts of four Hubs in the North of England. METHODS: We used a modified version of Price's (2019) service mapping methodology. Service level data were used to inform the analysis. A mapping template was adapted from a range of tools, including the European Service Mapping Schedule, and reviewed by Hub leads. Key data included service model; staffing; and interventions. Data were collected between March 2021 - March 2022 by site research assistants. Findings were accuracy-checked by Hub leads, and a logic model developed to theorise how the Hubs may effect change. RESULTS: Hub goals and service models closely reflected guidance; offering: proactive outreach; team-based support; clinical assessment; onward referral, and rapid access to mental health support (in-house and external). Implementation reflected a service context of a client group with high mental health need, and high waiting times at external mental health services. Hubs were predominantly staffed by experienced clinicians, to manage these mental health presentations and organisational working. Formulation-based psychological assessment and the provision of direct therapy were not core functions of the NHS England model, however all Hubs incorporated these adaptations into their service models in response to local contexts, such as extensive waiting lists within external services, and/or client presentations falling between gaps in existing service provision. Finally, a standalone clinical records system was seen as important to reassure Hub users of confidentiality. Other more nuanced variation depended on localised contexts. CONCLUSION: This study provides a map for setting up services, emphasising early understandings of how new services will integrate within existing systems. Local and regional contexts led to variation in service configuration. Whilst additional Hub functions are supported by available literature, further research is needed to determine whether these functions should comprise essential components of staff wellbeing services moving forward. Future research should also determine the comparative effectiveness of service components, and the limits of permissible variation. STUDY REGISTRATION: researchregistry6303.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Resiliencia Psicológica , Humanos , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Apoyo Social
6.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 43(4): 557-566, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560809

RESUMEN

Perinatal psychiatry access programs offer a scalable approach to building the capacity of perinatal professionals to identify, assess, and treat mental health conditions. Little is known about access programs' implementation and the relative merits of differing approaches. We conducted surveys and semistructured interviews with access program staff and reviewed policy and procedure documents from the fifteen access programs that had been implemented in the United States as of March 2021, when the study was conducted. Since then, the number of access programs has grown to thirty state, regional, or national programs. Access programs implemented up to five program components, including telephone consultation with a perinatal psychiatry expert, one-time patient-facing consultation with a perinatal psychiatry expert, resource and referral to perinatal professionals or patients, trainings for perinatal professionals, and practice-level technical assistance. Characterizing population-based intervention models, such as perinatal psychiatry access programs, that address perinatal mental health conditions is a needed step toward evaluating and improving programs' implementation, reach, and effectiveness.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Psiquiatría , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Derivación y Consulta , Salud Mental , Teléfono
7.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 359, 2024 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561766

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The National Health Service in England pledged >£365 million to improve access to mental healthcare services via Community Perinatal Mental Health Teams (CPMHTs) and reduce the rate of perinatal relapse in women with severe mental illness. This study aimed to explore changes in service use patterns following the implementation of CPMHTs in pregnant women with a history of specialist mental healthcare in England, and conduct a cost-analysis on these changes. METHODS: This study used a longitudinal cohort design based on existing routine administrative data. The study population was all women residing in England with an onset of pregnancy on or after 1st April 2016 and who gave birth on or before 31st March 2018 with pre-existing mental illness (N = 70,323). Resource use and costs were compared before and after the implementation of CPMHTs. The economic perspective was limited to secondary mental health services, and the time horizon was the perinatal period (from the start of pregnancy to 1-year post-birth, ~ 21 months). RESULTS: The percentage of women using community mental healthcare services over the perinatal period was higher for areas with CPMHTs (30.96%, n=9,653) compared to areas without CPMHTs (24.72%, n=9,615). The overall percentage of women using acute care services (inpatient and crisis resolution teams) over the perinatal period was lower for areas with CPMHTs (4.94%, n=1,540 vs. 5.58%, n=2,171), comprising reduced crisis resolution team contacts (4.41%, n=1,375 vs. 5.23%, n=2,035) but increased psychiatric admissions (1.43%, n=445 vs. 1.13%, n=441). Total mental healthcare costs over the perinatal period were significantly higher for areas with CPMHTs (fully adjusted incremental cost £111, 95% CI £29 to £192, p-value 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Following implementation of CPMHTs, the percentage of women using acute care decreased while the percentage of women using community care increased. However, the greater use of inpatient admissions alongside greater use of community care resulted in a significantly higher mean cost of secondary mental health service use for women in the CPMHT group compared with no CPMHT. Increased costs must be considered with caution as no data was available on relevant outcomes such as quality of life or satisfaction with services.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Mujeres Embarazadas , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo , Salud Mental , Calidad de Vida , Medicina Estatal , Estudios de Cohortes , Parto , Costos de la Atención en Salud
8.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 33: e19, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563188

RESUMEN

AIMS: Depressive disorders are ranked as the single leading cause of disability worldwide. Despite immense efforts, there is no evidence of a global reduction in the disease burden in recent decades. The aim of the study was to determine the public health impact of the current service system (status quo), to quantify its effects on the depression-related disease burden and to identify the most promising strategies for improving healthcare for depression on the population level. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to quantify the impact of current services for depression (including prevention, treatment and aftercare interventions) on the total disease burden and to investigate the potential of alternative scenarios (e.g., improved reach or improved treatment effectiveness). Parameter settings were derived from epidemiological information and treatment data from the literature. Based on the model parameters, 10,000,000 individual lives were simulated for each of the models, based on monthly transition rates between dichotomous health states (healthy vs. diseased). Outcome (depression-related disease burden) was operationalized as the proportion of months spent in depression. RESULTS: The current healthcare system alleviates about 9.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.2%-9.7%) of the total disease burden related to depression. Chronic cases cause the majority (83.2%) of depression-related burden. From a public health perspective, improving the reach of services holds the largest potential: Maximum dissemination of prevention (26.9%; CI: 26.7%-27.1%) and treatment (26.5%; CI: 26.3%-26.7%) would result in significant improvements on the population level. CONCLUSIONS: The results confirm an urgent need for action in healthcare for depression. Extending the reach of services is not only more promising but also probably more achievable than increasing their effectiveness. Currently, the system fails to address the prevention and treatment of chronic cases. The large proportion of the disease burden associated with chronic courses highlights the need for improved treatment policies and clinical strategies for this group (e.g., disease management and adaptive or personalized interventions). The model complements the existing literature by providing a new perspective on the depression-related disease burden and the complex interactions between healthcare services and the lifetime course.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Servicios de Salud Mental , Humanos , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/terapia
9.
Forensic Sci Int ; 357: 111992, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518570

RESUMEN

Substance misuse is a major problem among individuals involved in forensic-correctional mental health services. Urine drug screening detects substance use and deters the entry of contraband into forensic-correctional units, albeit with limitations. For example, a point-of-care urine sample may not be possible and patients can alter or substitute samples to avoid detection, highlighting the role of ancillary tools to detect contraband substances. This study describes the pattern and types of substances detected from environmental samples using a gas chromatographic analyzer (TeknoScan TSI3000) in forensic-correctional populations to model the benefits of similar tools in similar settings. Samples collected over 18 months (January 2020 to June 2021) by trained staff members using the machine were reviewed. During this period, 217 environmental samples were recorded, and 66 (30%) samples were positive for contraband substances, including tetrahydrocannabinol (25%), methamphetamines (19%), and cocaine (16%). Other substances detected include methylene-dioxymethamphetamine, heroin, morphine, lysergic acid diethylamide, tramadol, and methyl-benzoate. Fewer positive samples were detected, especially during the time corresponding with the COVID-19 restriction on the forensic units. TeknoScan was beneficial as an ancillary tool to detect and deter contraband substances. It also provided evidence for risk management. Adequate training is needed for the successful implementation of the tool.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , Humanos , Heroína , Morfina , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/diagnóstico , Cromatografía de Gases
10.
WMJ ; 123(1): 39-42, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436638

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study is to describe the change in utilization of mental health services by trainees at a private medical college in Wisconsin after specific interventions were instituted by the administration. METHODS: Multiphase interventions designed to increase access to care were instituted at the student behavioral health clinic. These interventions were based on the findings of online wellness surveys distributed to the Medical College of Wisconsin during the 2016-2017 school year. The authors collected annual utilization reports of student use of mental health services at the Medical College of Wisconsin and plotted them along a timeline of specific administrative interventions. RESULTS: Since the 2016-2017 academic year, medical students have used an average of 1274 mental health service visits per year compared to 637 visits annually during the academic years 2010-2011 through 2015-2016. The number of mental health visits increased significantly during 2016-2017 versus the average number of visits in previous years (P < 001; Cohen's d = 4.39). DISCUSSION: Similar to results shown worldwide, medical students in Wisconsin experience diminished mental health relative to their nonmedical peers. Recommendations have been made to provide additional administrative support to provide increased mental health resources to medical trainees. The findings in this report imply that incorporation of recommendations from the stakeholder medical trainees may be a key feature in the successful design and implementation of these supports.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Humanos , Wisconsin , Universidades , Salud Mental , Instituciones Académicas
11.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 278, 2024 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443928

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Mental health service utilization remains a challenge in developing countries, with numerous barriers affecting access to care. Albeit data suggest poor utilization of mental health services in the Bolgatanga Municipality in Ghana, no studies have explored the barriers to the utilization of mental health services. Therefore, this study explored the perspectives of family caregivers, service providers, and mental health service administrators on the barriers to mental health service utilization in the Bolgatanga Municipality, Ghana. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was employed for the study. Nineteen participants were purposively sampled from two hospitals including fifteen family caregivers, two service providers, and two mental health administrators. Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews using a semi-structured interview guide. Audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim and thematically analyzed using NVivo 12 pro software. RESULTS: Five main themes emerged including individual-level barriers, interpersonal barriers, community-level barriers, organizational-level barriers, and policy-level barriers. At the individual level, lack of insight, poor treatment compliance, and financial challenges were prominent barriers. Interpersonal barriers included family pressure influenced by cultural and spiritual beliefs. At the community level, stigma and mental health illiteracy were identified as significant barriers. At the organizational level, barriers encompassed inadequate staffing, limited space, and staff attitudes. Policy-level barriers included the neglect of mental health in policies and the non-inclusion of mental health services in the National Health Insurance Scheme. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the complexity of barriers to mental health service utilization and underscores the need for a comprehensive approach to address them. Collaborative efforts involving healthcare providers, policymakers, communities, and families are essential to mitigate these barriers. It is imperative to consider these barriers when developing strategies to improve the utilization of mental health services in Ghana.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Salud Mental , Humanos , Cuidadores , Personal de Salud , Personal Administrativo
12.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 62(3): 7-10, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38446626

RESUMEN

VigiBase, the World Health Organization's collaborative global pharmaco-vigilance database, provides storage for millions of adverse drug reaction (ADR) reports. Pharmacovigilance scientists use the database to detect signals, assess, and understand trends in ADRs so that potential harms can be communicated. A search for pharmacovigilance studies on psychotropic-related ADR reports published over the past 5 years in VigiBase identified the majority to be antipsychotic-related ADRs, and within the antipsychotic class, clozapine-related. The nine antidepressant-related ADR reports were reviewed in more detail and provide an example of how the science of pharmacovigilance identifies and communicates medication risks. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 62(3), 7-10.].


Asunto(s)
Antipsicóticos , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos , Servicios de Salud Mental , Humanos , Farmacovigilancia , Antidepresivos/efectos adversos
13.
Cien Saude Colet ; 29(3): e17712022, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451657

RESUMEN

The scope of this study was to understand the difficulties involving healthcare for people with a drug use problem within the context of specialized mental health services, both nationally and internationally. It involves an integrative review conducted in the PubMed, LILACS, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and EMBASE databases, with the following key words: Drug Users; Mental Health Services; Health Care. Eighteen studies were selected, the inclusion criteria being primary studies, available in full, published in English, Spanish and Portuguese, between January 2016 and January 2021. The inclusion criteria were primary studies, available in full, published in English, Spanish and Portuguese, during the period from January 2016 through January 2021. The analysis identified that the difficulties in healthcare for people with a drug use problem are linked to the dimensions of public health policies, models of care adopted, and the stakeholders involved, and that these aspects are interrelated. It also emphasizes the need for specialized training, as well as further in-depth research that addresses the therapeutics of the drug use problem, and the development of new healthcare technologies for this population group.


O estudo teve como objetivo conhecer as dificuldades para o cuidado em saúde de pessoas que fazem uso problemático de drogas, dentro do contexto dos serviços especializados em saúde mental nacionais e internacionais. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, LILACS, Web of Science, Scopus e Embase, com os descritores: usuários de drogas; serviços de saúde mental; cuidado em saúde. Foram selecionados 18 estudos, sendo os critérios de inclusão: estudos primários, disponíveis na íntegra, publicados nos idiomas inglês, espanhol e português, no período de janeiro de 2016 a janeiro de 2021. A partir da análise, identificou-se que as dificuldades para o cuidado de saúde de pessoas que fazem uso problemático de drogas estão ligadas às dimensões das políticas públicas em saúde, aos modelos de cuidados adotados e aos atores envolvidos, e que tais pontos se relacionam. Ressalta-se, ainda, a necessidade de formação específica, bem como a condução de novas pesquisas que abordem, com profundidade, a terapêutica do uso problemático de drogas e a produção de novas tecnologias de cuidado em saúde para essa população.


Asunto(s)
Consumidores de Drogas , Servicios de Salud Mental , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , Humanos , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/terapia , Bases de Datos Factuales , Atención a la Salud
14.
Health Expect ; 27(2): e14001, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433012

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is a growing momentum around the world to foster greater opportunities for the involvement of mental health service users in their care and treatment planning. In-principle support for this aim is widespread across mental healthcare professionals. Yet, progress in mental health services towards this objective has lagged in practice. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of quantitative, qualitative and mixed-method research on interventions to improve opportunities for the involvement of mental healthcare service users in treatment planning, to understand the current research evidence and the barriers to implementation. METHODS: Seven databases were searched and 5137 articles were screened. Articles were included if they reported on an intervention for adult service users, were published between 2008 and October 2023 and were in English. Evidence in the 140 included articles was synthesised according to the JBI guidance on Mixed Methods Systematic Reviews. RESULTS: Research in this field remains exploratory in nature, with a wide range of interventions investigated to date but little experimental replication. Overarching barriers to shared and supported decision-making in mental health treatment planning were (1) Organisational (resource limitations, culture barriers, risk management priorities and structure); (2) Process (lack of knowledge, time constraints, health-related concerns, problems completing and using plans); and (3) Relationship barriers (fear and distrust for both service users and clinicians). CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of the barriers identified, recommendations are made to enable the implementation of new policies and programs, the designing of new tools and for clinicians seeking to practice shared and supported decision-making in the healthcare they offer. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: This systematic review has been guided at all stages by a researcher with experience of mental health service use, who does not wish to be identified at this point in time. The findings may inform organisations, researchers and practitioners on implementing supported decision-making, for the greater involvement of people with mental ill health in their healthcare.


Asunto(s)
Toma de Decisiones Clínicas , Servicios de Salud Mental , Humanos , Atención a la Salud , Instituciones de Salud , Personal de Salud , Salud Mental
15.
Health Expect ; 27(2): e13999, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439208

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Many studies have investigated patients' understandings of how to optimise mental health services. However, only a few studies in the Italian context have involved experts by experience (EbEs), who can be ex-users, family members of ex-users or current service collaborators. Their role is crucial in implementing collaborative service quality assessment projects. METHOD: The study investigated the experience of 35 EbEs,  users, and family members who carried out a 9-month fortnightly project aimed at imagining an 'ideal service'. The facilitators of the discussion groups (two EbEs) were interviewed; written reports of each meeting were produced with relevant comments, notes and specific suggestions; and content analysis was applied. RESULTS: The most important result concerns the effectiveness of the project management method and group leadership carried out by the two EbEs. This approach allowed for complete autonomy of the work, without professional gaze or power imbalance. Also, the ideas and specific contents focused on by the two groups offer strategies to facilitate users' entry and reception in health care centres, to reduce the stigma of mental illness, to improve the centres' physical environment, to improve organisational aspects, to keep family members actively involved and to network mental health services with other territorial services. CONCLUSIONS: EbEs have proven to be key figures in ensuring equity of role in the service co-design process. This also concerns a context, the Italian one, where their role has not yet been recognised and legalised. Their contribution and ideas to improve services could be fundamental not only in mental health centres, but also in other health facilities, and could concern the entire service delivery process rather than being limited to quality assurance, according to a virtuous circle based on active participation and transformation of the role of users. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: This work resulted from close collaboration between the two EbEs who conducted the groups, users and family members, the university, and the psychiatrist in charge of the service. All of them contributed to the research. The EbEs, researchers and psychiatrist participated in the interpretation of the data and are the co-authors of this paper.


Asunto(s)
Familia , Servicios de Salud Mental , Humanos , Salud Mental , Ambiente , Instituciones de Salud
17.
Aust J Prim Health ; 302024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437736

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Tasmania has the most rurally and remotely dispersed population of young people in Australia with high rates of youth experiencing mental ill health and socioeconomic disadvantage. Standard descriptions of mental healthcare provision are necessary for evidence-informed mental healthcare policy, planning and implementation. This systematic scoping study aimed to: (1) map and describe the characteristics of community-based youth mental health services (including substance-use) for young people in Tasmania, Australia and (2) identify gaps in service accessibility and provision. METHODS: A list of eligible services was developed through a systematic search and consultation with key stakeholders. Data were collected from a representative from each eligible service via an interview or online survey. A standardised framework was used to classify, describe and map services. Thematic analysis was used to analyse service providers' perceived gaps to service access and provision. RESULTS: Twenty-eight community-based mental health services for youth were identified, predominantly located in the major city of Tasmania's three service regions. Service gaps include the 'missing middle', lack of integrated supports and limited service capacity. CONCLUSIONS: The findings highlight the limited availability, accessibility and capacity of youth mental health services across Tasmania. Recommendations focus on increasing accessibility of rural/regional supports, provision of assertive outreach, psychosocial support, integrated care and strengthening the rural mental health workforce. These findings may inform the (re)design/(re)development of community-based youth mental health services in Tasmania. The findings may also guide evidence-informed mental health service planning, decision-making, development and implementation of integrated models of youth mental health care across Australia.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Servicios de Salud Rural , Humanos , Adolescente , Tasmania , Servicios de Salud Comunitaria , Australia/epidemiología , Atención a la Salud , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud
18.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 30(4): 1-5, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38526190

RESUMEN

Underprioritization of mental health is a global problem and threatens the decades-long progress of the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) program. In recent years, mental health has become globally recognized as a part of universal healthcare, making this an opportune moment for the global community to integrate mental health services into routine programming. PEPFAR is well positioned to lead by example. We conceptualized 5 key strategies that might help serve as a framework to support mental health programming as part of PEPFAR's current 5-year strategic plan. PEPFAR and the global community have an opportunity to identify mental health service gaps and interweave global mental health priorities with actions to end the HIV and TB epidemics by 2030.


Asunto(s)
Epidemias , Infecciones por VIH , Servicios de Salud Mental , Tuberculosis , Humanos , Salud Mental , Tuberculosis/epidemiología , Tuberculosis/prevención & control , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología
20.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 237, 2024 Mar 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549096

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that Technology Assisted Sexual Abuse (TASA) represents a serious problem for large numbers of children. To date, there are very few evidence-based interventions available to young people (YP) after they have been exposed to this form of abuse, and access to support services remains a challenge. Digital tools such as smartphones have the potential to increase access to mental health support and may provide an opportunity for YP to both manage their distress and reduce the possibility of further victimization. The current study explores the acceptability of a digital health intervention (DHI; the i-Minds app) which is a theory-driven, co-produced, mentalization-based DHI designed for YP aged 12-18 who have experienced TASA. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 YP recruited through Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, a Sexual Assault Referral Centre and an e-therapy provider who had access to the i-Minds app as part of a feasibility clinical trial. Interviews focused on the acceptability and usability of i-Minds and were coded to themes based on the Acceptability of Healthcare Interventions framework. RESULTS: All participants found the i-Minds app acceptable. Many aspects of the app were seen as enjoyable and useful in helping YP understand their abuse, manage feelings, and change behavior. The app was seen as usable and easy to navigate, but for some participants the level of text was problematic and aspects of the content was, at times, emotionally distressing at times. CONCLUSIONS: The i-Minds app is useful in the management of TASA and helping change some risk-related vulnerabilities. The app was designed, developed and evaluated with YP who had experienced TASA and this may account for the high levels of acceptability seen. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered on the ISRCTN registry on the 12/04/2022 as i-Minds: a digital intervention for young people exposed to online sexual abuse (ISRCTN43130832).


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Adolescente , Humanos , Niño , Teléfono Inteligente , Salud Mental
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