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1.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 79, 2021 01 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413224

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: About 83,000 COVID-19 patients were confirmed in China up to May 2020. Amid the well-documented threats to physical health, the effects of this public health crisis - and the varied efforts to contain its spread - have altered individuals' "normal" daily functioning. These impacts on social, psychological, and emotional well-being remain relatively unexplored - in particular, the ways in which Chinese men and women experience and respond to potential behavioral stressors. Our study investigated sex differences in psychological stress, emotional reactions, and behavioral responses to COVID-19 and related threats among Chinese residents. METHODS: In late February (2020), an anonymous online questionnaire was disseminated via WeChat, a popular social media platform in China. The cross-sectional study utilized a non-probabilistic "snowball" or convenience sampling of residents from various provinces and regions of China. Basic demographic characteristics (e.g., age and gender) - along with residential living arrangements and conditions - were measured along with psychological stress and emotional responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Three thousand eighty-eight questionnaires were returned: 1749 females (56.6%) and 1339 males (43.4%). The mean stress level,as measured by a visual analog scale, was 3.4 (SD = 2.4) - but differed significantly by sex. Besides sex, factors positively associated with stress included: age (< 45 years), employment (unsteady income, unemployed), risk of infection (exposureto COVID-19, completed medical observation), difficulties encountered (diseases, work/study, financial, mental), and related behaviors (higher desire for COVID-19 knowledge, more time concerning on the COVID-19 outbreak). "Protective" factors included frequent contact with colleagues, calmness of mood comparing with the pre-pandemic, and psychological resilience. Males and females also differed significantly in adapting to current living/working, conditions, responding to run a fever, and needing psychological support services. CONCLUSIONS: The self-reported stress of Chinese residents related to the COVID-19 pandemic was significantly related to sex, age, employment, resilience and coping styles. Future responses to such public health threats may wish to provide sex- and/or age-appropriate supports for psychological health and emotional well-being to those at greatest risk of experiencing stress.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Empleo/psicología , Resiliencia Psicológica , Factores Sexuales , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Brotes de Enfermedades , Emociones , Empleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Servicios de Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Evaluación de Necesidades , Pandemias , Factores de Riesgo , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 209(1): 85-87, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323794

RESUMEN

In the last half of the 20th century, psychiatry lost many of the conditions needed for unhindered practice. I compiled from searches of the literature the 20th century changes in the arenas of psychiatric practice and the sources of these changes. I determined how these changes are shaping 21st century health and well-being. The neglect of the severely mentally ill, first in Bedlams and now on Boulevards, reflects a wide loss of resources. Psychiatry's patients have lost a past of community-based mental health services, interdisciplinary care teams, preventive consultation with social agencies, and, with reimbursements targeted for 15-minute visits, time adequate with the physician to individualize diagnosis and treatment. With the Covid-19 and other epidemics, economic inequalities, an economic crisis, unrest over police violence, and racism, psychiatry can find in its past the resources to engage 21st century psychiatric and other problems.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Servicios de Salud Mental/historia , Psiquiatría/historia , /historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/economía , Servicios de Salud Mental/economía , Servicios de Salud Mental/tendencias , Psiquiatría/economía , Psiquiatría/tendencias
7.
Public Health Rep ; 136(1): 39-46, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216679

RESUMEN

Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) at the University of New Mexico is a telementoring program that uses videoconferencing technology to connect health care providers in underserved communities with subject matter experts. In March 2020, Project ECHO created 10 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) telementoring programs to meet the public health needs of clinicians and teachers living in underserved rural and urban regions of New Mexico. The newly created COVID-19 programs include 7 weekly sessions (Community Health Worker [in English and Spanish], Critical Care, Education, First-Responder Resiliency, Infectious Disease Office Hours, and Multi-specialty) and 3 one-day special sessions. We calculated the total number of attendees, along with the range and standard deviation, per session by program. Certain programs (Critical Care, Infectious Disease Office Hours, Multi-specialty) recorded the profession of attendees when available. The Project ECHO research team collected COVID-19 infection data by county from March 11 through May 31, 2020. During that same period, 9765 health care and general education professionals participated in the COVID-19 programs, and participants from 31 of 35 (89%) counties in New Mexico attended the sessions. Our initial evaluation of these programs demonstrates that an interprofessional clinician group and teachers used the Project ECHO network to build a community of practice and social network while meeting their educational and professional needs. Because of Project ECHO's large reach, the results of the New Mexico COVID-19 response suggest that the rapid use of ECHO telementoring could be used for other urgent national public health problems.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Servicios de Salud Comunitaria/organización & administración , Personal de Salud/educación , Capacitación en Servicio/organización & administración , Tutoría/organización & administración , Población Rural , Servicios de Salud Comunitaria/normas , Agentes Comunitarios de Salud/educación , Práctica Clínica Basada en la Evidencia , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Personal de Salud/psicología , Humanos , Área sin Atención Médica , Servicios de Salud Mental/organización & administración , New Mexico/epidemiología , Pandemias , Resiliencia Psicológica , Telemedicina , Población Urbana , Comunicación por Videocoferencia
10.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 41-49, jan.-dez. 2021. graf, tab
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1146053

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil dos adolescentes usuários de crack em tratamento no CAPS ADIII de Pelotas/ Rio Grande do Sul. Método: estudo descritivo de abordagem quantitativa realizado com 14 adolescentes usuários de crack em tratamento no CAPS ADIII. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de entrevistas utilizando o instrumento Teen Addiction Severity Index. Na análise dos dados empregou-se a estatística descritiva através de frequência simples. Resultados: a maioria é do sexo masculino, entre 13 e 17 anos, solteiros, negros. O início do uso de drogas variou de oito e 17 anos. Apresentam ensino fundamental incompleto e abandono escolar. Identificou-se o uso de cocaína/crack e a relação com atividades ilegais. Constatou-se a existência de conflitos familiares. O uso de substancias também é identificado entre os amigos próximos. Conclusão: os resultados apontam para a necessidade de investimentos em ações de promoção à saúde e prevenção ao uso de substâncias


Objective: To characterize the profile of adolescent user of crack in treatment in the CAPS ADIII in Pelotas/Rio Grande do Sul. Method: a descriptive study with a quantitative approach performed with 14 teenage users of crack treatment in the CAPS ADIII. The data collection occurred through interviews using the Teen Addiction Severity Index. In the data analysis was employed descriptive statistics through simple frequency. Results: the majority are male, between 13 and 17 years old, single, black. The onset of drug use ranged from eight to 17 years. They present incomplete elementary education and drop out of school. It was identified the use of cocaine/crack and the relation with illegal activities. The existence of family conflicts was verified. Substance use is also identified among close friends. Conclusion: the results point to the need for investments in actions to promote health and prevent substance use


Objetivo: Caracterizar el perfil del adolescente usuario de crack en tratamiento en el CAPS ADIII de Pelotas/Rio Grande do Sul. Método: estudio descriptivo de abordaje cuantitativo realizado con 14 adolescentes usuarios de crack en tratamiento en el CAPS ADIII. La recolección de datos ocurrió a través de entrevistas utilizando el instrumento Teen Addiction Severity Index. En el análisis de los datos se empleó la estadística descriptiva a través de frecuencia simple. Resultados: la mayoría es del sexo masculino, entre 13 y 17 años, solteros, negros. El inicio del uso de drogas varía de ocho a 17 años. Se presenta una enseñanza fundamental incompleta y abandono escolar. Se identificó el uso de cocaína/crack y la relación con actividades ilegales. Se constató la existencia de conflictos familiares. El uso de sustancias también se identifica entre los amigos cercanos. Conclusión: los resultados apuntan a la necesidad de inversiones en acciones de promoción a la salud y prevención del uso de sustancias


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Cocaína Crack , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Africana , Promoción de la Salud , Servicios de Salud Mental , Abandono Escolar , Cocaína , Salud del Adolescente , Prevención de Enfermedades , Conflicto Familiar , Consumidores de Drogas
11.
Front Public Health ; 8: 553345, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313033

RESUMEN

COVID-19 mitigation measures present unprecedented challenges in mental healthcare delivery, posing high risk to the mental health of at-risk populations, namely patients diagnosed with COVID-19, frontline healthcare providers, and those submitted to quarantine or isolation measures, as well as the general population. Ensuring safe and equitable access to mental healthcare by these groups entails resorting to innovative psychosocial intervention strategies, such as digital mental health. In this perspective piece, we describe the impact of COVID-19 on the Portuguese population's mental health, present an overview on initiatives developed to address the challenges currently faced by the Portuguese mental healthcare system, and discuss how the timely implementation of a comprehensive digital mental health strategy, coupling research, education, implementation, and quality assessment initiatives, might buffer COVID-19's impact on the Portuguese society.


Asunto(s)
/complicaciones , Personal de Salud , Trastornos Mentales , Servicios de Salud Mental , Telemedicina , Cuidadores/psicología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/diagnóstico , Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Portugal , Cuarentena
12.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243317, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338065

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between concurrent physician-based mental health services, all-cause mortality, and acute health service use for individuals enrolled in Opioid Agonist Treatment in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: A cohort study of patients enrolled in opioid agonist treatment in Ontario was conducted between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015, in Ontario with an inverse probability of treatment weights using the propensity score to estimate the effect of physician-based mental health services. Treatment groups were created based on opioid agonist treatment patients' utilization of physician-based mental health services. Propensity score weighted odds ratios were calculated to assess the relationship between the treatment groups and the outcomes of interest. The outcomes included all-cause mortality using data from the Registered Persons Database, Emergency Department visits from the National Ambulatory Care Database, and hospitalizations using data from the Discharge Abstract Database. Encrypted patient identifiers were used to link across databases. RESULTS: A total of 48,679 individuals in OAT with mental disorders. Opioid agonist treatment alone was associated with reduced odds of all-cause mortality (odds ratio (OR) 0.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.3-0.4). Patients who received mental health services from a psychiatrist and primary care physician while engaged in OAT, the estimated rate of ED visits per year was higher (OR = 1.3, 95% CI 1.2-1.4) and the rate of hospitalizations (OR = 0.5, 95% CI 0.4-0.6) than in the control group. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the view that opioid agonist treatment and concurrent mental health services can improve clinical outcomes for complex patients, and is associated with enhanced use of acute care services.


Asunto(s)
Analgésicos Opioides , Bases de Datos Factuales , Trastornos Mentales , Servicios de Salud Mental , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Analgésicos Opioides/administración & dosificación , Analgésicos Opioides/efectos adversos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Trastornos Mentales/tratamiento farmacológico , Trastornos Mentales/mortalidad , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ontario/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos
13.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242007, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370307

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Progressive Tinnitus Management (PTM) is an evidence-based interdisciplinary stepped-care approach to improving quality of life for patients with tinnitus. PTM was endorsed by Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Audiology leadership in 2009. Factors affecting implementation of PTM are unknown. We conducted a study to: 1) estimate levels of PTM program implementation in VA Audiology and Mental Health clinics across the country; and 2) identify barriers and facilitators to PTM implementation based on the experiences of VA audiologists and mental health providers. METHOD: We conducted an anonymous, web-based survey targeting Audiology and Mental Health leaders at 144 major VA facilities. Quantitative analyses summarized respondents' facility characteristics and levels of program implementation (full PTM, partial PTM, or no PTM). Qualitative analyses identified themes in factors influencing the implementation of PTM across VA sites. RESULTS: Surveys from 87 audiologists and 66 mental health clinicians revealed that few facilities offered full PTM; the majority offered partial or no PTM. Inductive analysis of the open-ended survey responses identified seven factors influencing implementation of PTM: 1) available resources, 2) service collaboration, 3) prioritization, 4) Veterans' preferences and needs, 5) clinician training, 6) awareness of (evidence-based) options, and 7) perceptions of scope of practice. CONCLUSION: Results suggest wide variation in services provided, a need for greater engagement of mental health providers in tinnitus care, and an interest among both audiologists and mental health providers in receiving tinnitus-related training. Future research should address barriers to PTM implementation, including methods to: 1) improve understanding among mental health providers of their potential role in tinnitus management; 2) enhance coordination of tinnitus-related care between health care disciplines; and 3) collect empirical data on Veterans' need for and interest in PTM, including delivery by telehealth modalities.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Basada en la Evidencia/organización & administración , Implementación de Plan de Salud/organización & administración , Hospitales de Veteranos/organización & administración , Acúfeno/terapia , Audiología/organización & administración , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Implementación de Plan de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Hospitales de Veteranos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Comunicación Interdisciplinaria , Servicios de Salud Mental/organización & administración , Prioridad del Paciente/psicología , Prioridad del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Investigación Cualitativa , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/estadística & datos numéricos , Telemedicina/organización & administración , Telemedicina/estadística & datos numéricos , Acúfeno/psicología , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs/organización & administración , Veteranos/psicología
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33322095

RESUMEN

Public safety personnel (PSP) experience unique occupational stressors and suffer from high rates of mental health problems. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted virtually all aspects of human life around the world and has introduced additional occupational stressors for PSP. The objective of this study was to explore how PSP, especially those seeking digital mental health services, have been affected by the pandemic. Our research unit, PSPNET, provides internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy to PSP in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. When the pandemic spread to Saskatchewan, PSPNET began inquiring about the impact of the pandemic on prospective clients during the eligibility screening process. We used content analysis to analyze data from telephone screening interviews (n = 56) and descriptive statistics to analyze data from a questionnaire concerning the impacts of COVID-19 (n = 41). The results showed that most PSP reported facing several novel emotional challenges (e.g., social isolation, boredom, anger, and fear) and logistical challenges (e.g., related to childcare, finances, work, and access to mental healthcare). Most participants indicated they felt at least somewhat afraid of contracting COVID-19 but felt more afraid of their families contracting the virus than themselves. However, few participants reported severe challenges of any kind, and many (40%) indicated that they had not been significantly negatively impacted by the pandemic. Overall, the results suggest that PSP are not expressing significant concern at this time in meeting the novel challenges posed by COVID-19. Continued research will be required to monitor how diverse PSP populations and treatment outcomes are affected by the pandemic as the situation evolves.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Socorristas/psicología , Servicios de Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Pandemias , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Saskatchewan
16.
Rech Soins Infirm ; (142): 53-76, 2020 Dec 02.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319718

RESUMEN

Introduction and background : The last decade has seen a steady and rising use of coercion in mental health care, as well as an increase in the number of forms it takes. The application of these measures frequently relies on the work of nurses, but few studies have analyzed the human rights issues raised by these practices.Aim : To produce a qualitative synthesis of how human rights are integrated into the practice of nurses who use coercion in mental health care.Methodology : A systematic review of qualitative scientific literature published between 2008 and 2018 was conducted and supplemented by a meta-ethnographic analysis.Results : The analysis of the forty-six selected studies revealed four distinct themes : coercion in mental health care as a socio-legal object, issues of recognition of human rights in mental health care, role conflict experienced by nurses, and the conceptualization of coercion as a necessary evil or a critical incident.Discussion and conclusion : Further research is needed to understand the specifics of the continuum of support and control that characterizes the coercive work of psychiatric nurses.


Asunto(s)
Coerción , Derechos Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/enfermería , Atención de Enfermería , Enfermería Psiquiátrica , Antropología Cultural , Humanos , Salud Mental , Servicios de Salud Mental
17.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190025, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059133

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the perceptions of the family members of users of a children's psychosocial care center, regarding the facilitating factors and the difficulties in the communication with the health professionals. Method: a qualitative and descriptive study conducted with 25 family members of users of a children's psychosocial care center in a city of Minas Gerais (Brazil). Data collection took place between April and July 2017 using focus groups and a semi-structured script for the implementation of group sessions. Data was analyzed according to content analysis, thematic category. Results: two categories emerged from the analysis: Professional-Family relationship and Suggestions to enhance communication, which included practicalities and difficulties in communication. The data showed that the professional-family relationship refers to the professionals' positive actions, which facilitate communication, and to their negative actions, which means offering a distant and dehumanized care and failing to provide guidance. The suggestions to enhance communication were directed to the interventions focused on the family and on the dynamics and management of the service. Conclusion: there is a need for collaboration among management, staff and family members, which can contribute to a better health care and to building more solidary and dialogical relationships.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar las percepciones de los familiares de los usuarios de un centro de atención psicosocial infanto-juvenil, en relación con los factores facilitadores y las dificultades de la comunicación con los profesionales de la salud. Método: estudio cualitativo y descriptivo realizado con 25 familiares de usuarios de un centro de atención psicosocial infanto-juvenil en un municipio de Minas Gerais (Brasil). Los datos se recolectaron entre los meses de abril y junio de 2017 por medio de grupos focalizados, con la aplicación de un guión semiestructurado para desarrollar las sesiones grupales. Los datos se analizaron conforme al análisis de contenido, con la modalidad temática. Resultados: a partir del análisis surgieron dos categorías: Relación profesional-familia y Sugerencias para potenciar la comunicación; ambas abarcaron facilidades y dificultades en la comunicación. Los datos evidenciaron que la relación profesional-familia se refiere tanto a las acciones positivas de los profesionales, que facilitan la comunicación, como a sus acciones negativas, que significan ofrecer una atención distante y poco humanizada con escasa orientación. Las sugerencias para potenciar la comunicación estuvieron dirigidas a las intervenciones enfocadas en la familia y en la dinámica y organización del servicio. Conclusión: se hace evidente que es necesaria una aproximación entre la administración, el equipo de profesionales y los familiares, lo que puede ayudar a mejorar los cuidados en salud y hacer posible que se establezcan relaciones más solidarias y con más diálogo.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar as percepções dos familiares de usuários de um centro de atenção psicossocial infantojuvenil, em relação aos fatores facilitadores e dificultadores da comunicação com os profissionais de saúde. Método: estudo qualitativo, descritivo, realizado com 25 familiares de usuários de um centro de atenção psicossocial infantojuvenil, em um município de Minas Gerais (Brasil). A coleta de dados ocorreu entre os meses de abril a julho de 2017, por meio de grupos focais, aplicando-se roteiro semiestruturado para desenvolvimento das sessões grupais. Os dados foram analisados segundo a análise de conteúdo, modalidade temática. Resultados: da análise emergiram duas categorias: Relação profissional-família e Sugestões para potencializar a comunicação, as quais abrangeram facilidades e dificuldades na comunicação. Os dados evidenciaram que a relação profissional-família diz respeito às ações positivas dos profissionais que facilitam a comunicação, e às ações negativas atuação distante, pouco humanizado, com escassez de orientação. As sugestões para potencializar a comunicação foram direcionadas às intervenções focadas na família e na dinâmica e organização do serviço. Conclusão: evidencia-se a necessidade de aproximação entre gerência, equipe de profissionais e familiares; o que pode contribuir para melhoria do cuidado em saúde e para a construção de relações mais solidárias e dialógicas.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Cuidadores , Comunicación , Servicios de Salud Mental , Relaciones Profesional-Familia , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Relaciones Familiares
18.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190025, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1094547

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the perceptions of the family members of users of a children's psychosocial care center, regarding the facilitating factors and the difficulties in the communication with the health professionals. Method: a qualitative and descriptive study conducted with 25 family members of users of a children's psychosocial care center in a city of Minas Gerais (Brazil). Data collection took place between April and July 2017 using focus groups and a semi-structured script for the implementation of group sessions. Data was analyzed according to content analysis, thematic category. Results: two categories emerged from the analysis: Professional-Family relationship and Suggestions to enhance communication, which included practicalities and difficulties in communication. The data showed that the professional-family relationship refers to the professionals' positive actions, which facilitate communication, and to their negative actions, which means offering a distant and dehumanized care and failing to provide guidance. The suggestions to enhance communication were directed to the interventions focused on the family and on the dynamics and management of the service. Conclusion: there is a need for collaboration among management, staff and family members, which can contribute to a better health care and to building more solidary and dialogical relationships.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar las percepciones de los familiares de los usuarios de un centro de atención psicosocial infanto-juvenil, en relación con los factores facilitadores y las dificultades de la comunicación con los profesionales de la salud. Método: estudio cualitativo y descriptivo realizado con 25 familiares de usuarios de un centro de atención psicosocial infanto-juvenil en un municipio de Minas Gerais (Brasil). Los datos se recolectaron entre los meses de abril y junio de 2017 por medio de grupos focalizados, con la aplicación de un guión semiestructurado para desarrollar las sesiones grupales. Los datos se analizaron conforme al análisis de contenido, con la modalidad temática. Resultados: a partir del análisis surgieron dos categorías: Relación profesional-familia y Sugerencias para potenciar la comunicación; ambas abarcaron facilidades y dificultades en la comunicación. Los datos evidenciaron que la relación profesional-familia se refiere tanto a las acciones positivas de los profesionales, que facilitan la comunicación, como a sus acciones negativas, que significan ofrecer una atención distante y poco humanizada con escasa orientación. Las sugerencias para potenciar la comunicación estuvieron dirigidas a las intervenciones enfocadas en la familia y en la dinámica y organización del servicio. Conclusión: se hace evidente que es necesaria una aproximación entre la administración, el equipo de profesionales y los familiares, lo que puede ayudar a mejorar los cuidados en salud y hacer posible que se establezcan relaciones más solidarias y con más diálogo.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar as percepções dos familiares de usuários de um centro de atenção psicossocial infantojuvenil, em relação aos fatores facilitadores e dificultadores da comunicação com os profissionais de saúde. Método: estudo qualitativo, descritivo, realizado com 25 familiares de usuários de um centro de atenção psicossocial infantojuvenil, em um município de Minas Gerais (Brasil). A coleta de dados ocorreu entre os meses de abril a julho de 2017, por meio de grupos focais, aplicando-se roteiro semiestruturado para desenvolvimento das sessões grupais. Os dados foram analisados segundo a análise de conteúdo, modalidade temática. Resultados: da análise emergiram duas categorias: Relação profissional-família e Sugestões para potencializar a comunicação, as quais abrangeram facilidades e dificuldades na comunicação. Os dados evidenciaram que a relação profissional-família diz respeito às ações positivas dos profissionais que facilitam a comunicação, e às ações negativas atuação distante, pouco humanizado, com escassez de orientação. As sugestões para potencializar a comunicação foram direcionadas às intervenções focadas na família e na dinâmica e organização do serviço. Conclusão: evidencia-se a necessidade de aproximação entre gerência, equipe de profissionais e familiares; o que pode contribuir para melhoria do cuidado em saúde e para a construção de relações mais solidárias e dialógicas.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Niño , Adolescente , Adulto , Relaciones Profesional-Familia , Salud Mental , Cuidadores , Comunicación , Servicios de Salud Mental
19.
Recurso Educacional Abierto en Portugués | CVSP - Regional | ID: oer-3919

RESUMEN

O diálogo deliberativo “O processo de cuidar em saúde mental da criança/adolescente negro usuário de CAPS IJ” foi realizado em 28 de agosto de 2020 virtualmente pela ferramenta Google Meet, pelo link de acesso meet.google.com/zyf--hegf-dyz e gravada com o consentimento dos participantes. Ele é um dos temas abordado no projeto “O processo de cuidar em saúde mental da criança/adolescente negro em CAPS infantil” desenvolvido pelo grupo de pesquisa Enfermagem e Políticas da Saúde Mental da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de São Paulo, entre 2018-2020, com apoio financeiro da Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (Fapesp), sob o nº de processo 2018/07251-2.


Asunto(s)
Atención Integral de Salud , Salud Mental , Servicios de Salud Mental , Niño , Adolescente , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Africana
20.
J Prev Med Hyg ; 61(3): E321-E323, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150221

RESUMEN

The novel corona virus (SARS- CoV2) pandemic has created an unprecedented public health problem and a mental health crisis looms ahead. The isolation, socio-economic disruption, uncertainty and fear of contagion have led to a spike of health anxiety in the general public. Individuals with health anxiety may get dismissed as the "worried well" in this pandemic due to disruption of mental health services and inability of healthcare systems to understand the psychosocial factors in the background. Education of general public, training of healthcare workers in cognitive behavioural model of health anxiety and timely referral to mental health professionals in severe cases is need of the hour.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Aislamiento Social/psicología , Betacoronavirus , Educación en Salud , Humanos , Servicios de Salud Mental , Pandemias , Derivación y Consulta , Incertidumbre
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