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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 121(5): e20230678, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747749

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have been inconsistent in demonstrating beneficial cardiovascular effects of vitamin D supplementation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on central hemodynamic parameters and autonomic activity in obese/overweight individuals with low vitamin D levels (<30ng/dl). METHODS: Adults 40-65 years old with body mass index ≥25<40 kg/m2 were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial (NCT05689632). Central hemodynamics was assessed using the oscillometric method (Mobil-O-Graph®), and heart rate variability using a Polar heart rate monitor (Kubios® software). Patients (n=53) received a placebo in the control group (CO, n=25) or vitamin D3 (VD, n=28) 7000 IU/day, and were evaluated before (W0) and after 8 weeks (W8) with a significance level of 0.05. RESULTS: The groups were homogeneous regarding age (51±6 vs 52±6 years, p=0.509) and vitamin D levels (22.8±4.9 vs 21.7±4.5ng/ml, p=0.590). At W8, the VD group had significantly higher levels of vitamin D (22.5 vs 35.6ng/ml, p<0.001). Only the VD group showed a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure (SBP; 123±15 vs 119±14mmHg, p=0.019) and alkaline phosphatase (213±55 vs 202±55mg/dl, p=0.012). The CO group showed an increase in augmentation pressure (AP: 9 vs 12 mmHg, p=0.028) and augmentation index (AIx: 26 vs 35%, p=0.020), which was not observed in the VD group (AP: 8 vs 8 mmHg, AIx: 26 vs 25%, p>0.05). VD group showed an increase in the parasympathetic nervous system index (PNSi) (-0.64±0.94 vs -0.16±1.10, p=0.028) and the R-R interval (866±138 vs 924±161 ms, p= 0.026). CONCLUSION: In this sample, eight weeks of daily vitamin D supplementation resulted in an improvement in blood pressure levels and autonomic balance.


FUNDAMENTO: Estudos prévios têm sido inconsistentes em demonstrar efeitos cardiovasculares benéficos da suplementação de vitamina D. OBJETIVO: Avaliar efeitos da suplementação de vitamina D3 sobre parâmetros hemodinâmicos centrais e atividade autonômica em indivíduos obesos/sobrepeso e baixos níveis de vitamina D (<30ng/dl). MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico prospectivo, randomizado, duplo-cego (NCT05689632), adultos 40-65 anos com índice de massa corporal ≥25<40 kg/m2. Hemodinâmica central avaliada por método oscilométrico (Mobil-O-Graph®), variabilidade da frequência cardíaca utilizando frequencímetro Polar (software Kubios®). Os pacientes (n=53) receberam placebo no grupo controle (CO, n=25) ou vitamina D3 (VD, n=28) 7000 UI/dia, avaliados antes (S0) e após 8 semanas (S8) com nível de significância de 0,05. RESULTADOS: Os grupos foram homogêneos na idade (51±6 vs. 52±6 anos, p=0,509) e níveis de vitamina D (22,8±4,9 vs. 21,7±4,5ng/ml, p=0,590). Na S8, o grupo VD apresentou níveis significativamente maiores de vitamina D (22,5 vs. 35,6ng/ml, p<0,001). Apenas o grupo VD mostrou redução significativa da pressão arterial sistólica (PAS; 123±15 vs. 119±14mmHg, p=0,019) e fosfatase alcalina (213±55 vs. 202±55mg/dl, p=0,012). O grupo CO mostrou elevação da pressão de aumento (AP: 9 vs. 12mmHg, p=0,028) e do índice de incremento (Aix: 26 vs. 35%, p=0,020), o que não foi observado no grupo VD (AP: 8 vs. 8mmHg, Aix: 26 vs. 25%, p>0,05). Grupo VD apresentou aumento no índice do sistema nervoso (iSN) parassimpático (-0,64±0,94 vs. -0,16±1,10, p=0,028) e no intervalo R-R (866±138 vs. 924±161ms, p=0,026). CONCLUSÃO: Nesta amostra, a suplementação diária de vitamina D durante oito semanas resultou em melhora dos níveis pressóricos, parâmetros hemodinâmicos centrais e do equilíbrio autonômico.


Asunto(s)
Sistema Nervioso Autónomo , Colecalciferol , Suplementos Dietéticos , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Hemodinámica , Obesidad , Sobrepeso , Vitamina D , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Sistema Nervioso Autónomo/efectos de los fármacos , Sistema Nervioso Autónomo/fisiopatología , Femenino , Método Doble Ciego , Adulto , Hemodinámica/efectos de los fármacos , Estudios Prospectivos , Obesidad/fisiopatología , Obesidad/complicaciones , Frecuencia Cardíaca/efectos de los fármacos , Frecuencia Cardíaca/fisiología , Anciano , Colecalciferol/administración & dosificación , Sobrepeso/fisiopatología , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Vitamina D/sangre , Presión Sanguínea/efectos de los fármacos , Presión Sanguínea/fisiología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/fisiopatología , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/tratamiento farmacológico , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/complicaciones , Índice de Masa Corporal , Vitaminas/administración & dosificación , Vitaminas/uso terapéutico , Factores de Tiempo , Valores de Referencia , Estadísticas no Paramétricas
2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1382124, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711981

RESUMEN

The incidence of concomitant thyroid cancer in Graves' disease varies and Graves' disease can make the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules more challenging. Since the majority of Graves' disease patients primarily received non-surgical treatment, identifying biomarkers for concomitant thyroid cancer in patients with Graves' disease may facilitate planning the surgery. The aim of this study is to identify the biomarkers for concurrent thyroid cancer in Graves' disease patients and evaluate the impact of being overweight on cancer risk. This retrospective cohort study analyzed 122 patients with Graves' disease who underwent thyroid surgery at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital (Seoul, Korea) from May 2010 to December 2022. Body mass index (BMI), preoperative thyroid function test, and thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibody (TR-Ab) were measured. Overweight was defined as a BMI of 25 kg/m² or higher according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Most patients (88.5%) underwent total or near-total thyroidectomy. Multivariate analysis revealed that patients who were overweight had a higher risk of malignancy (Odds ratios, 3.108; 95% confidence intervals, 1.196-8.831; p = 0.021). Lower gland weight and lower preoperative TR-Ab were also biomarkers for malignancy in Graves' disease. Overweight patients with Graves' disease had a higher risk of thyroid cancer than non-overweight patients. A comprehensive assessment of overweight patients with Graves' disease is imperative for identifying concomitant thyroid cancer.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Graves , Sobrepeso , Neoplasias de la Tiroides , Humanos , Enfermedad de Graves/complicaciones , Enfermedad de Graves/diagnóstico , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Neoplasias de la Tiroides/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de la Tiroides/complicaciones , Neoplasias de la Tiroides/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Tiroidectomía , Índice de Masa Corporal , Biomarcadores/sangre , Biomarcadores de Tumor/sangre , Pruebas de Función de la Tiroides
3.
Physiol Res ; 73(2): 265-271, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710056

RESUMEN

In this study, we investigated the serum vitamin D level in overweight individuals and its correlation with the incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Between May 2020 and May 2021, the Department of Gastroenterology at the People's Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine treated a total of 321 outpatients and inpatients with NAFLD, who were included in the NAFLD group, while 245 healthy age- and gender-matched individuals were included in the control group. All the data were collected for the relevant indices, including fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine transaminase, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25[OH]D. The patients with NAFLD were divided into the normal BMI group, the overweight group, and the obese group, according to the body mass index, and the 25(OH)D levels were compared between the different groups. Spearman's correlation analysis was performed to analyze the correlation between the serum 25(OH)D level and NAFLD. Regarding the serum 25 (OH)D level, it was lower in the NAFLD group than in the control group ([18.36 + 1.41] µg/L vs [22.33 + 2.59] µg/L, t = ?5.15, P<0.001), and was lower in the overweight group than in the normal group ([18.09 ± 5.81] µg/L vs [20.60 ± 4.16] µg/L, t = 0.26, P = 0.041). The serum 25(OH)D level was thus negatively correlated with the incidence of NAFLD in overweight individuals (r = 0.625, P<0.05). In conclusion, the level of 25(OH)D decreased in patients with NAFLD with increasing BMI (normal, overweight, obese). Keywords: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, Vitamin D.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico , Sobrepeso , Vitamina D , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/sangre , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/epidemiología , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Femenino , Vitamina D/sangre , Persona de Mediana Edad , Sobrepeso/sangre , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Incidencia , Adulto , Índice de Masa Corporal , Estudios de Casos y Controles , China/epidemiología , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/sangre , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/epidemiología , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/diagnóstico
4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1355540, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559688

RESUMEN

Background: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist(GLP-1RA) is commonly used in patients with cardiovascular disease due to its significant improvement in the prognosis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). However, previous studies have primarily focused on obese patients, leaving uncertainty regarding whether GLP-1RA can yield similar cardiovascular benefits in individuals with normal or low body weight. Methods: In this study, we enrolled patients with ASCVD to establish a retrospective cohort. Patients receiving GLP-1RA treatment were assigned to the GLP-1RA group, while a control group was formed by matching age and body mass index (BMI) among patients not receiving GLP-1RA treatment. Each group was further divided into subgroups based on baseline BMI levels: normal weight, overweight, and obesity. A six-month follow-up was conducted to assess changes in patient weight, metabolic indicators, and cardiac structure and function. Results: Among the normal weight subgroup, no significant weight change was observed after six months of GLP-1RA treatment (57.4 ± 4.8 vs. 58.7 ± 9.2, p = 0.063). However, significant weight reduction was observed in the other two subgroups (Overweight group: 70.0 ± 9.1 vs. 73.1 ± 8.2, p = 0.003, Obesity group: 90.5 ± 14.3 vs. 95.5 ± 16.6, p<0.001). Regardless of baseline BMI levels, GLP-1RA demonstrated significant glucose-lowering effects in terms of metabolic indicators. However, GLP-1RA have a more significant effect on improving blood lipids in overweight and obese patients. The effects of GLP-1RA on cardiac structure exhibited variations among patients with different baseline BMI levels. Specifically, it was observed that the improvement in atrial structure was more prominent in patients with normal body weight(LAD: 33.0 (30.3, 35.5) vs. 35.0 (32.5, 37.1), p = 0.018, LAA (18.0 (16.0, 21.5) vs. 18.5 (16.5, 20.5), p = 0.008), while the enhancement in ventricular structure was more significant in obese subjects(LEVDD: 49.8 ± 5.8 vs. 50.2 ± 5.0, p < 0.001, LVMI: 65.1 (56.2, 71.4) vs. 65.8 (58.9, 80.4), p < 0.039). Conclusion: According to the study, it was found that the administration of GLP-1RA can have different effects on cardiac structure in patients with different baseline BMI, In obese patients, improvements in ventricular remodeling may be more associated with weight loss mechanisms, while in patients with normal or low BMI, GLP-1RA may directly improve atrial remodeling through GLP-1 receptors in atrial tissue.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Índice de Masa Corporal , Hipoglucemiantes , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Estudios Retrospectivos , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/complicaciones , Obesidad/complicaciones , Pérdida de Peso
5.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e075269, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569715

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The objective was to investigate the associations of maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) trajectories with adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs). DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted in Shanghai Pudong New Area Health Care Hospital for Women and Children, Shanghai, China. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: A cohort study involving a total of 2174 pregnant women was conducted. Each participant was followed to record weekly weight gain and pregnancy outcomes. The Institute of Medicine classification was used to categorise prepregnancy BMI, and four GWG trajectories were identified using a latent class growth model. RESULTS: The adjusted ORs for the risks of large for gestational age (LGA), macrosomia, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) were significantly greater for women with prepregnancy overweight/obesity (OR=1.77, 2.13, 1.95 and 4.24; 95% CI 1.3 to 2.42, 1.32 to 3.46, 1.43 to 2.66 and 2.01 to 8.93, respectively) and lower for those who were underweight than for those with normal weight (excluding HDP) (OR=0.35, 0.27 and 0.59; 95% CI 0.22 to 0.53, 0.11 to 0.66 and 0.36 to 0.89, respectively). The risk of small for gestational age (SGA) and low birth weight (LBW) was significantly increased in the underweight group (OR=3.11, 2.20; 95% CI 1.63 to 5.92, 1.10 to 4.41; respectively) compared with the normal-weight group; however, the risk did not decrease in the overweight/obese group (p=0.942, 0.697, respectively). GWG was divided into four trajectories, accounting for 16.6%, 41.4%, 31.7% and 10.3% of the participants, respectively. After adjustment for confounding factors, the risk of LGA was 1.54 times greater for women in the slow GWG trajectory group than for those in the extremely slow GWG trajectory group (95% CI 1.07 to 2.21); the risk of SGA and LBW was 0.37 times and 0.46 times lower for women in the moderate GWG trajectory group and 0.14 times and 0.15 times lower for women in the rapid GWG trajectory group, respectively; the risk of macrosomia and LGA was 2.65 times and 2.70 times greater for women in the moderate GWG trajectory group and 3.53 times and 4.36 times greater for women in the rapid GWG trajectory group, respectively; and the women in the other three trajectory groups had a lower risk of GDM than did those in the extremely slow GWG trajectory group, but there was not much variation in the ORs. Notably, different GWG trajectories did not affect the risk of HDP. CONCLUSIONS: As independent risk factors, excessively high and low prepregnancy BMI and GWG can increase the risk of APOs.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Gestacional , Ganancia de Peso Gestacional , Niño , Femenino , Embarazo , Humanos , Resultado del Embarazo/epidemiología , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , Índice de Masa Corporal , Macrosomía Fetal/epidemiología , Macrosomía Fetal/complicaciones , Estudios de Cohortes , Delgadez/complicaciones , Delgadez/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos , China/epidemiología , Aumento de Peso , Obesidad/complicaciones , Obesidad/epidemiología , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiología , Pérdida de Peso
6.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 214, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566186

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Women presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding needs careful and thorough assessment including ultrasound examination of endometrium and histopathological assessment of the endometrial tissues. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine the rate and the factors associated with inadequate endometrial tissues after endometrial sampling using MedGyn® pipette among Bhutanese women at the colposcopy clinic, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital (JDWNRH), Bhutan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the colposcopy clinic, JDWNRH, Thimphu between October, 2021 and March, 2022. Women included in this study underwent endometrial sampling using MedGyn® pipette without anesthesia as an office procedure. Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and results extracted into a structured pro forma. The histopathology reports were extracted from the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, JDWNRH using the unique Bhutanese citizenship identity card number of the study participants. RESULTS: Inadequate endometrial tissues were noted in 27% (33 out of 122 cases). Among 89 patients with an adequate endometrial tissue, histologic results were normal in 30 (33.7%), benign pathology in 22 (24.7%), atrophy in 10 (8.2%), and hyperplasia in 27 (30.3%). In a univariate analysis, menopausal state (OR 1.6, 95% CI 0.708-3.765), overweight and obese (OR 1.6 95% CI 0.640-3.945), unemployed (OR 1.7, 95% CI 0.674-1.140), nulliparous (OR 1.7, 95% CI 0.183-15.816), primipara (OR 5.1, 95% CI 0.635-40.905) and use of hormonal contraception (OR 2.1, 95% CI 0.449-10.049) were associated with increased risk of inadequate endometrial tissues. On multivariate regression analysis, nulliparity (OR 1.1, 95% CI 0.101-12.061), overweight and obesity (OR 1.4, 95% CI 0.490-3.917), use of hormonal contraceptives (OR 2.2, 95% CI 0.347-13.889), and junior surgeons (OR 1.1, 95%CI 0.463-2.443) were found to be associated with inadequate endometrial tissues. However, the above associations were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The rate of inadequate endometrial tissue following endometrial sampling using MedGyn® pipette was 27.0%. Factors associated with an increased risk of inadequate endometrial tissue after endometrial sampling were menopausal state, overweight and obese, unemployed, nulliparous, primipara and use of hormonal contraception.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Endometriales , Sobrepeso , Humanos , Femenino , Bután , Estudios Transversales , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Endometrio/diagnóstico por imagen , Endometrio/patología , Obesidad/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Derivación y Consulta , Hemorragia Uterina/epidemiología , Hemorragia Uterina/etiología , Neoplasias Endometriales/patología
7.
J Obes ; 2024: 9587300, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566891

RESUMEN

The "new epidemic," as WHO calls obesity, is caused by overeating, which, having exceeded the body's actual needs, accumulates in the form of health-damaging fat deposits. Moving more and eating less is the main remedy, but eating belongs to vital instincts, which are beyond the control of reason. In this sense, eating is different from drinking and breathing because without food it is possible to survive for a few weeks, without water for a few days, without oxygen for a few minutes. The first part of this article provides an overview of obesity and its treatment, focusing on the new anorectic anticipated in the title. The second part focuses on compulsive obesity, typically represented by constitutional obesity and food addiction. The article concludes with a discussion of the pharmacological treatment of compulsive diseases, to which some forms of obesity belong.


Asunto(s)
Depresores del Apetito , Adicción a la Comida , Humanos , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Obesidad/epidemiología , Adicción a la Comida/complicaciones , Alimentos , Conducta Alimentaria
8.
Acta Oncol ; 63: 154-163, 2024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591351

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Studies of excess weight and weight changes throughout adult life for prostate cancer (PCa) risk and prognosis have shown inconsistent results. METHODS: In a population-based cohort, the Prostate Cancer Study throughout life (PROCA-life), 16,960 healthy men from the prospective cohort Tromsø Study (1994-2016) were included. Body mass index (BMI) and weight were measured at all four attendings, and weight change was calculated as the difference between the first and last of either Tromsø4, Tromsø5 or Tromsø6. Overall, 904 men developed PCa during 16 years of follow-up, and Poisson regression with fractional polynomials was used to investigate trends in incidence. Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression models were used to study associations between measurements of BMI and weight change and PCa risk, severity, and mortality. RESULTS: At study entry, 46% of the participants (median age 44 years) were overweight, and 14% were obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2). We observed a 127% increase in overall age adjusted PCa incidence in the cohort during 1995 through 2019. No overall associations between BMI or weight change and PCa risk were observed. However, in sub-group analysis, weight gain among obese men was associated with a three-fold higher PCa risk (HR 3.03, 95% CI 1.39-6.58) compared with obese men with stable weight. Overweight was associated with lower risk of metastatic cancer (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.30-0.75) at diagnosis. Men with obesity had higher risk of PCa-specific death (HR 1.72, 95% CI 1.03-2.88), while nonsmoking obese PCa cases had two times higher PCa-specific mortality compared with normal weighted PCa cases (HR 2.10, 95% CI 1.11-3.70). INTERPRETATION: In our cohort, weight gain among obese men was associated with higher risk of PCa, and obesity was associated with higher PCa-specific mortality, especially among nonsmokers. The relationship between weight and risk for PCa remains complicated, and future studies are needed to determine clinical implications.


Asunto(s)
Sobrepeso , Neoplasias de la Próstata , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Estudios Prospectivos , Aumento de Peso , Obesidad/complicaciones , Obesidad/epidemiología , Índice de Masa Corporal
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37716, 2024 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608067

RESUMEN

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered one of the most important causes of chronic liver disorders in the world. Dietary pattern is a modifiable risk factor that represents the main target for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the impact of low-fat diet on anthropometric measurements, biochemical, and inflammatory parameters in individuals with obesity/overweight and NAFLD. A total of 108 individuals (n = 59 males and n = 49 females) aged between 19 and 65 years participated in the 12-week weight loss program. Dietary treatment plans including low-fat diets were randomly prescribed for each individual. Anthropometric measurements were collected by a trained dietitian at baseline and 12-week follow-up. Blood samples were collected for each individual at baseline and 3rd month for biochemical measurements and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis for tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21), chemerin, and irisin levels in plasma. At the end of the study, body weight, body mass index, body fat % body fat mass (kg) reduced significantly in females and males (P < .05). Moreover, reductions in waist, hip, and neck circumferences were significant in both groups. Changes in alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels were significant in 3rd month. After 3 months, reductions in TNF-α, IL-6, and FGF-21 levels were significant in individuals with obesity/overweight and NAFLD. While no significant change in chemerin and irisin levels was found. These results show that low-fat diet over a 12-week period led to improvements in both anthropometric measurements and biochemical parameters in individuals with obesity/overweight and NAFLD.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico , Sobrepeso , Femenino , Masculino , Humanos , Lactante , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Dieta con Restricción de Grasas , Estudios Transversales , Fibronectinas , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa , Obesidad/complicaciones , Interleucina-6
10.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 237, 2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622622

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic vascular diseases are a leading global cause of morbidity and mortality. Dyslipidemia, a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, remains poorly understood among adult cardiac patients in in the study area. This study aims to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia and identify associated factors in this population. METHODS: Hospital-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from May to August 2021. A total of 319 participants (153 cardiac cases, 166 healthy controls, aged ≥ 18) were included in the study. Socio-demographic, anthropometric, behavioral, and clinical data were collected using the WHO STEPS survey instrument through systematic sampling. Overnight fasting blood samples were obtained, and serum lipid profiles were analyzed using a COBAS 6000 analyzer. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 20.0, employing bivariable and multivariable logistic regression. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia, encompassing at least one lipid abnormality, was 80.3% among 256 participants. Among cardiac cases, the prevalence rates were as follows: 72.5% for low HDL-cholesterol, 12.4% for hypercholesterolemia, 9.8% for elevated LDL-cholesterol, and 30.1% for hypertriglyceridemia. In controls, corresponding rates were 69.9%, 9.6%, 7.2%, and 32.5%. Significant factors linked to low HDL- cholesterol were female gender (AOR: 2.8, 95% CI 1.7-4.7) and obesity (AOR: 2.8, 95% CI 1.1-7.5). Abdominal obesity was associated with hypercholesterolemia (AOR: 5.2, 95% CI 1.9-14.3) and elevated LDL-cholesterol (AOR: 5.1, 95% CI 1.6-15.8). High blood pressure, overweight, and abdominal obesity were significantly linked to hypertriglyceridemia (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Dyslipidemia was high among the study participants. Overweight, obesity, central adiposity, and high blood pressure were significantly associated with dyslipidemia in cardiac patients. This alarms the need for lipid profile assessment for patients periodically, with treatment follow-up to monitor any rising patterns and cardiovascular-related risks.


Asunto(s)
Dislipidemias , Hipercolesterolemia , Hipertensión , Hipertrigliceridemia , Adulto , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Hipercolesterolemia/complicaciones , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiología , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Obesidad Abdominal/complicaciones , Obesidad Abdominal/epidemiología , Dislipidemias/epidemiología , Dislipidemias/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Obesidad/complicaciones , Obesidad/epidemiología , Hipertrigliceridemia/complicaciones , Prevalencia , Hospitales , Colesterol , Lípidos
11.
BMJ Glob Health ; 9(4)2024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599666

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Traditionally associated with undernutrition, increasing evidence suggests micronutrient deficiencies can coexist with overnutrition. Therefore, this work aimed to systematically review the associations between iron, zinc and vitamin A (VA) status and weight status (both underweight and overweight) in children and young people. METHODS: Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase, Scopus and Cochrane databases were systematically searched for observational studies assessing micronutrient status (blood, serum or plasma levels of iron, zinc or VA biomarkers) and weight status (body mass index or other anthropometric measurement) in humans under 25 years of any ethnicity and gender. Risk of bias assessment was conducted using the American Dietetic Association Quality Criteria Checklist. Where possible, random effects restricted maximum likelihood meta-analyses were performed. RESULTS: After screening, 83 observational studies involving 190 443 participants from 44 countries were identified, with many studies having reported on more than one micronutrient and/or weight status indicator. Iron was the most investigated micronutrient, with 46, 28 and 27 studies reporting data for iron, zinc and VA status, respectively. Synthesising 16 records of OR from seven eligible studies, overnutrition (overweight and obesity) increased odds of iron deficiency (ID) (OR (95% CI): 1.51 (1.20 to 1.82), p<0.0001, I2=40.7%). Odds appeared to be higher for children living with obesity (1.88 (1.33 to 2.43), p<0.0001, I2=20.6%) in comparison to those with overweight (1.31 (0.98 to 1.64), p<0.0001, I2=40.5%), although between group differences were not significant (p=0.08). CONCLUSIONS: Overnutrition is associated with increased risk of ID, but not zinc or VA deficiencies, with an inverted U-shaped relationship observed between iron status and bodyweight. Our results highlight significant heterogeneity in the reporting of micronutrient biomarkers and how deficiencies were defined. Inflammation status was rarely adequately accounted for, and the burden of ID may well be under-recognised, particularly in children and young people living with overnutrition. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020221523.


Asunto(s)
Anemia Ferropénica , Hipernutrición , Deficiencia de Vitamina A , Niño , Humanos , Adolescente , Hierro , Deficiencia de Vitamina A/epidemiología , Zinc , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Anemia Ferropénica/etiología , Anemia Ferropénica/prevención & control , Micronutrientes , Hipernutrición/epidemiología , Hipernutrición/complicaciones , Vitamina A , Obesidad/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Biomarcadores
12.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 40(1): 2341701, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622970

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) on hormonal and metabolic parameters in a group of overweight/obese Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective study in which thirty-two overweight/obese patients with PCOS (n = 32) not requiring hormonal treatment were selected from the database of the ambulatory clinic of the Gynecological Endocrinology Center at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy. The hormonal profile, routine exams and insulin and C-peptide response to oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of complementary treatment with ALA (400 mg/day). Hepatic Insulin Extraction (HIE) index was also calculated. RESULTS: ALA administration significantly improved insulin sensitivity and decreased ALT and AST plasma levels in all subjects, though no changes were observed on reproductive hormones. When PCOS patients were subdivided according to the presence or absence of familial diabetes background, the higher effects of ALA were observed in the former group that showed AST and ALT reduction and greater HIE index decrease. CONCLUSION: ALA administration improved insulin sensitivity in overweight/obese PCOS patients, especially in those with familial predisposition to diabetes. ALA administration improved both peripheral sensitivity to insulin and liver clearance of insulin. Such effects potentially decrease the risk of nonalcoholic fat liver disease and diabetes in PCOS patients.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Resistencia a la Insulina , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico , Ácido Tióctico , Femenino , Humanos , Insulina , Resistencia a la Insulina/fisiología , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/complicaciones , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/metabolismo , Obesidad/complicaciones , Obesidad/tratamiento farmacológico , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/tratamiento farmacológico , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/complicaciones , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Ácido Tióctico/farmacología , Ácido Tióctico/uso terapéutico
13.
J Int AIDS Soc ; 27(4): e26238, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566493

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Liver disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among persons living with HIV (PLHIV). While chronic viral hepatitis has been extensively studied in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), there is limited information about the burden of metabolic disorders on liver disease in PLHIV. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data collected between October 2020 and July 2022 from the IeDEA-Sentinel Research Network, a prospective cohort enrolling PLHIV ≥40 years on antiretroviral treatment (ART) for ≥6 months from eight clinics in Asia, Americas, and central, East, southern and West Africa. Clinical assessments, laboratory testing on fasting blood samples and liver stiffness measurement (LSM)/controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) by vibration-controlled transient elastography were performed. Multivariable logistic regression models assessed factors associated with liver fibrosis (LSM ≥7.1 kPa) and steatosis (CAP ≥248 dB/m). Population attributable fraction (PAF) of each variable associated with significant liver fibrosis was estimated using Levin's formula. RESULTS: Overall, 2120 PLHIV (56% female, median age 50 [interquartile range: 45-56] years) were included. The prevalence of obesity was 19%, 12% had type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), 29% had hypertension and 53% had dyslipidaemia. The overall prevalence of liver fibrosis and steatosis was 7.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.1-8.4) and 28.4% (95% CI 26.5-30.7), respectively, with regional variability. Male sex at birth (odds ratio [OR] 1.62, CI 1.10-2.40), overweight/obesity (OR = 2.50, 95% CI 1.69-3.75), T2DM (OR 2.26, 95% CI 1.46-3.47) and prolonged exposure to didanosine (OR 3.13, 95% CI 1.46-6.49) were associated with liver fibrosis. Overweight/obesity and T2DM accounted for 42% and 11% of the PAF for liver fibrosis, while HBsAg and anti-HCV accounted for 3% and 1%, respectively. Factors associated with steatosis included overweight/obesity (OR 4.25, 95% CI 3.29-5.51), T2DM (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.47-2.88), prolonged exposure to stavudine (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.27-2.26) and dyslipidaemia (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.31-2.16). CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic disorders were significant risk factors for liver disease among PLHIV in LMICs. Early recognition of metabolic disorders risk factors might be helpful to guide clinical and lifestyle interventions. Further prospective studies are needed to determine the causative natures of these findings.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Dislipidemias , Infecciones por VIH , Adulto , Recién Nacido , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Transversales , Países en Desarrollo , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Infecciones por VIH/complicaciones , Infecciones por VIH/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Cirrosis Hepática/epidemiología , Cirrosis Hepática/complicaciones , Obesidad/epidemiología , Dislipidemias/epidemiología , Dislipidemias/complicaciones
14.
Appetite ; 197: 107333, 2024 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570117

RESUMEN

Individuals with a body mass index (BMI)≥25 kg/m2 are less likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding than are those with BMIs<25. Given the intergenerational health benefits of breastfeeding, it is important to understand breastfeeding behaviors and their correlates among individuals with BMIs≥25. Thus, in an observational cohort with BMI≥25 (N = 237), we aimed to characterize longitudinal relationships among breastfeeding planning, initiation, and duration and their sociodemographic/clinical correlates and determine if pre-pregnancy BMI predicts breastfeeding planning, initiation, and duration. Breastfeeding behaviors, weight/BMI, and sociodemographic/clinical characteristics were assessed in early, mid, and late pregnancy, and at six-months postpartum. Most participants planned to (84%) and initiated (81%) breastfeeding, of which 37% breastfed for ≥6 months. Participants who were married, first-time parents, higher in education/income, and had never smoked tobacco were more likely to plan, initiate, and achieve ≥6 months of breastfeeding. Higher pre-pregnancy BMI was not associated with breastfeeding planning or initiation but was associated with lower adjusted odds of breastfeeding for ≥6 months relative to <6 months. Findings suggest that support aimed at extending breastfeeding among those with elevated pre-pregnancy BMI may be warranted. Future interventions should also address sociodemographic and clinical inequities in breastfeeding.


Asunto(s)
Lactancia Materna , Sobrepeso , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo , Índice de Masa Corporal , Madres , Obesidad/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Periodo Posparto
15.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1346284, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628585

RESUMEN

Objective: This study aims to analyze the association between the occurrence of thyroid nodules and various factors and to establish a risk factor model for thyroid nodules. Methods: The study population was divided into two groups: a group with thyroid nodules and a group without thyroid nodules. Regression with the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) was applied to the complete dataset for variable selection. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between various influencing factors and the prevalence of thyroid nodules. Results: Based on the screening results of Lasso regression and the subsequent establishment of the Binary Logistic Regression Model on the training dataset, it was found that advanced age (OR=1.046, 95% CI: 1.033-1.060), females (OR = 1.709, 95% CI: 1.342-2.181), overweight individuals (OR = 1.546, 95% CI: 1.165-2.058), individuals with impaired fasting glucose (OR = 1.590, 95% CI: 1.193-2.122), and those with dyslipidemia (OR = 1.588, 95% CI: 1.197-2.112) were potential risk factors for thyroid nodule disease (p<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for the Binary Logistic Regression Model is 0.68 (95% CI: 0.64-0.72). Conclusions: advanced age, females, overweight individuals, those with impaired fasting glucose, and individuals with dyslipidemia are potential risk factors for thyroid nodule disease.


Asunto(s)
Dislipidemias , Nódulo Tiroideo , Femenino , Humanos , Nódulo Tiroideo/epidemiología , Nódulo Tiroideo/diagnóstico , Modelos Logísticos , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Glucosa
16.
Saudi Med J ; 45(4): 349-355, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38657976

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To explore the prognostic influence of weight loss (WL) on young overweight/obesity (OW/OB) individuals with heart failure (HF). METHODS: Heart failure enrollees (younger than 45 years, body mass index [BMI] of ≥25 kg/m2) who received medical treatment at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Beijing, China, were classified into 2 groups according to whether they experienced significant WL (≥5% from baseline one year after discharge). One-year occurrence rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) comprising cardiac death and rehospitalization for HF was determined. RESULTS: Of the 191 individuals recruited for this study, 47 had significant WL. The incidence of ischemic heart disease and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, as well as BMI and blood pressure, were higher in those with significant WL compared to the control group. Although there was no noteworthy discrepancy in the occurrence of cardiac death between the 2 groups, significant WL correlated independently with a lower incidence of HF re-hospitalization (hazard ratio [HR]=0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI]: [0.11-0.91], p=0.032) and overall MACEs (HR=0.37, 95% CI: [0.14-0.94], p=0.036) in young OW/OB individuals with HF. CONCLUSION: Significant WL may correlate with favorable prognosis in OW/OB young HF patients.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Obesidad , Sobrepeso , Pérdida de Peso , Humanos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/terapia , Masculino , Pronóstico , Femenino , Adulto , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , Obesidad/complicaciones , Índice de Masa Corporal , Persona de Mediana Edad
17.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 37(1): 2345294, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658184

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Among many risk factors for preeclampsia (PE), prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) is one of few controllable factors. However, there is a lack of stratified analysis based on the prepregnancy BMI. This study aimed to determine the influencing factors for PE and assess the impact of PE on obstetric outcomes in twin pregnancies by prepregnancy BMI. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2022, in Southwest China. Impact factors and associations between PE and obstetric outcomes were analyzed separately for twin pregnancies with prepregnancy BMI < 24kg/m2 (non-overweight group) and BMI ≥ 24kg/m2 (overweight group). RESULTS: In total, 3602 twin pregnancies were included, of which, 672 women were allocated into the overweight group and 11.8% of them reported with PE; 2930 women were allocated into the non-overweight group, with a PE incidence of 5.6%. PE had a negative effect on birthweight and increased the incidence of neonatal intensive care unit admission in both the overweight and non-overweight groups (43.0% vs. 28.0%, p = .008; 45.7% vs. 29.1%, p < .001). Among overweight women, PE increased the proportion of postpartum hemorrhage (15.2% vs. 4.4%, p < .001). After adjustments, multivariate regression analysis showed that excessive gestational weight gain (aOR = 1.103, 95% CI: 1.056-1.152; aOR = 1.094, 95% CI: 1.064-1.126) and hypoproteinemia (aOR = 2.828, 95% CI: 1.501-5.330; aOR = 6.932, 95% CI: 4.819-9.971) were the shared risk factors for PE in both overweight and non-overweight groups. In overweight group, in vitro fertilization was the other risk factor (aOR = 2.713, 95% CI: 1.183-6.878), whereas dichorionic fertilization (aOR = 0.435, 95% CI: 0.193-0.976) and aspirin use during pregnancy (aOR = 0.456, 95% CI: 0.246-0.844) were protective factors. Additionally, anemia during pregnancy (aOR = 1.542, 95% CI: 1.090-2.180) and growth discordance in twins (aOR = 2.451, 95% CI: 1.215-4.205) were connected with an increased risk of PE only in non-overweight twin pregnancies. CONCLUSIONS: Both discrepancy and similarity of impact factors on developing PE were found between overweight and non-overweight twin pregnancies in this study. However, the dosage and initiation time of aspirin, as well as twin chorionicity on the occurrence of PE in two subgroups, are still debated.


Asunto(s)
Índice de Masa Corporal , Preeclampsia , Embarazo Gemelar , Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Preeclampsia/epidemiología , Embarazo Gemelar/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Resultado del Embarazo/epidemiología , Recién Nacido , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , Peso al Nacer
18.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 161, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570744

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Prior studies have assessed the impact of the pretransplantation recipient body mass index (BMI) on patient outcomes after lung transplantation (LT), but they have not specifically addressed early postoperative complications. Moreover, the impact of donor BMI on these complications has not been evaluated. The first aim of this study was to assess complications during hospitalization in the ICU after LT according to donor and recipient pretransplantation BMI. METHODS: All the recipients who underwent LT at Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital, Paris, between January 2016 and August 2022 were included in this observational retrospective monocentric study. Postoperative complications were analyzed according to recipient and donor BMIs. Univariate and multivariate analyses were also performed. The 90-day and one-year survival rates were studied. P < 0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance. The Paris-North Hospitals Institutional Review Board approved the study. RESULTS: A total of 304 recipients were analyzed. Being underweight was observed in 41 (13%) recipients, a normal weight in 130 (43%) recipients, and being overweight/obese in 133 (44%) recipients. ECMO support during surgery was significantly more common in the overweight/obese group (p = 0.021), as were respiratory complications (primary graft dysfunction (PGD) (p = 0.006), grade 3 PDG (p = 0.018), neuroblocking agent administration (p = 0.008), prone positioning (p = 0.007)), and KDIGO 3 acute kidney injury (p = 0.036). However, pretransplantation overweight/obese status was not an independent risk factor for 90-day mortality. An overweight or obese donor was associated with a decreased PaO2/FiO2 ratio before organ donation (p < 0.001), without affecting morbidity or mortality after LT. CONCLUSION: Pretransplantation overweight/obesity in recipients is strongly associated with respiratory and renal complications during hospitalization in the ICU after LT.


Asunto(s)
Trasplante de Pulmón , Sobrepeso , Humanos , Índice de Masa Corporal , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Estudios Retrospectivos , Obesidad/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Trasplante de Pulmón/efectos adversos , Supervivencia de Injerto , Resultado del Tratamiento
19.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 193, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589962

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We assessed the association of hedonic hunger, self-control (impulsivity and restraint), cognitive distortion (CD), and well-being with adiposity measures such as waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), body mass index (BMI), total body fat (TBF), subcutaneous fat (SF), visceral fat level (VFL), skeletal muscle percentage (SM), and resting metabolism (RM), among a sample of urban Malaysian adults at Sunway University and Sunway College, Selangor, Malaysia. METHODS: Among 186 participants (M/F = 51/135; aged 22.1 ± 5.0), psychometrics were assessed using Power of Food Scale (PFS), Brief Self-Control Scale, CD Questionnaire (CD-Quest), and WHO-5 Well-being Index. Blood pressures, anthropometrics and body compositions were also measured using standard methods and bioimpedance. RESULTS: Men had significantly higher well-being, but lower overall self-control, impulsivity and Food Available hedonic hunger. Those with moderate/severe CD had higher odds ratio (OR) of having high central adiposity, compared with those with absent/slight CD (OR: 2.52;95% CI: 1.14, 5.61; p = 0.023 for WC and OR: 2.50; 95% CI: 1.19, 5.23; p = 0.015 for WHR). Higher CD and PFS scores were strongly significantly correlated with higher systolic blood pressure (SBP), WC, WHR, WHtR, BMI, TBF, SF, VFL and RM. Lower self-control was weakly correlated with higher WC, while lower impulsivity and restraint were weakly correlated with higher VFL. Those who were overweight, obese, and in high TBF class had significantly higher PFS Aggregate Factor scores. Food Available and Food Present scores, but not Food Tasted, were also significantly higher among overweight participants. CONCLUSIONS: Higher hedonic hunger and CD were associated with higher SBP and all adiposity measures. Overweight participants had higher hedonic hunger in the context of ready availability and physical presence of highly palatable foods. Lower self-control was weakly correlated with higher central adiposity; lower impulsivity and restraint were weakly correlated with higher visceral adiposity. These findings have provided some insights into the cognitive factors underlying adiposity.


Asunto(s)
Adiposidad , Sobrepeso , Masculino , Adulto , Humanos , Adiposidad/fisiología , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Estudios Transversales , Hambre , Obesidad/complicaciones , Cognición , Factores de Riesgo
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 45(4): 542-547, 2024 Apr 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38678350

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the association between obesity and the risk for all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients. Methods: The participants were from a rural community-based T2DM patient cohort in Zhejiang Province. The study used the data collected from baseline survey in 2016 and follow-up until December 31, 2021. A total of 10 310 participants were included, excluding those who were lost in follow-up or had incomplete data in follow-up. According to BMI and waist circumference, the study subjects were divided into 6 groups: low body weight, normal body weight, simple abdominal obesity, simple body obesity, complex overweight and complex obesity. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze hazard ratios (HRs) of all-cause mortality and their 95%CIs in T2DM patients with different obesity status. Results: The cumulative follow-up period was 57 049.47 person-years with an average follow-up of (5.53±0.89) person-years. During this period, 971 subjects died. The death density was 1 702.03/100 000 person-years. After adjusting for confounders, low-weight patients had a 104% increased risk for all-cause death compared with normal-weight patients (HR=2.04, 95%CI:1.42-2.92). The risk for all-cause death decreased by 34% (HR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.53-0.82), 22% (HR=0.78,95%CI: 0.66-0.92), 38% (HR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.49-0.78) in the patients with simple body obesity, complex overweight and complex obesity, respectively, there was no significant difference for all-cause death in the patients with simple abdominal obesity alone. In subgroup analysis, the risk of all-cause mortality increased in low-weight T2DM patients of different sexes and ages, the mortality risk in women with complex obesity was 50% lower than that in the women with normal body weight, but there was no significant difference in men in the comparison between complex obesity group and normal body weight group. The risk for all-cause mortality was significantly lower in ≥65 years old patients with simple body obesity, complex overweight and complex obesity than in patients with normal body weight (HR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.48-0.78; HR=0.76, 95%CI: 0.63-0.91; HR=0.56,95%CI: 0.42-0.73), there was no significant difference in the patients aged <65 years. There was no significant change in sensitivity analysis. Conclusions: There was an "obesity paradox" in the risk for all-cause mortality in T2DM patients. The risk of all-cause mortality in the low-weight patients was significantly higher than that in normal-weight patients, and the risk for death in the patients with simple body obesity or complex overweight and obesity were significantly lower.


Asunto(s)
Índice de Masa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Obesidad , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/mortalidad , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Obesidad/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Masculino , Femenino , Causas de Muerte , Persona de Mediana Edad , Delgadez/complicaciones , Modelos de Riesgos Proporcionales , Circunferencia de la Cintura , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , China/epidemiología , Población Rural
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