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1.
Comput Inform Nurs ; 40(1): 8-20, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996883

RESUMEN

There is a need for nursing informatics leaders. However, there are not enough people educated and trained in informatics and leadership to fill that need. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to understand how professional organizations and nurse leaders support nursing informatics leadership development. This cross-sectional, descriptive study collected data via a scan of Web sites for eight nursing, informatics, and/or leadership professional organizations; interviews and surveys with nursing informatics leaders within the eight organizations; and a review of Web site, interview, and survey findings by nursing informatics leaders involved in leadership development. We found that nursing informatics leaders and professional organizations can support the nursing informatics leadership pipeline several ways. Examples included mentoring, education/training, and providing opportunities for networking and engagement in leadership roles. To help meet the need for nursing informatics leaders, professional organizations and current leaders can engage in various activities that provide training, education, and experiences for emerging leaders.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeras Administradoras , Informática Aplicada a la Enfermería , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Liderazgo , Sociedades
2.
J Hist Ideas ; 82(4): 615-636, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34840191

RESUMEN

During the Second World War, fighting the growing influence of left-leaning British scientists became the focal point of the publications of Friedrich Hayek, Karl Popper, and Michael Polanyi. Doing so, they elaborated key epistemological principles of neoliberalism: the indeterminate nature of knowledge, the shortcomings of holistic and determinist theories of society, and the spontaneous aspects of human organizations. Although at odds on the ideological spectrum, they shared with their adversaries the idea that the production of knowledge depended on economic and social conditions. Their view of what science and scientists should do informed the birth of the Mont-Pèlerin Society.


Asunto(s)
Conocimiento , Sociedades , Humanos , Organizaciones
4.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Oct 22.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675179

RESUMEN

COVID-19 has tested the resilience and adaptability of governments, workers and companies. We have lived through very harsh circumstances, with social and economic consequences that we could never have imagined, but it has also been shown that civil society works and that it has been up to the task, with companies at the forefront. They have made a great effort to adapt to the new and exceptional situation, playing a very important role in preventing and slowing down the spread of COVID-19 in the workplace, and in establishing economic and social agreements to mitigate the effects of the crisis. This article describes how companies have had to face this situation in economic and preventive matters, the difficulties experienced due to the changing behavior of the pandemic, the agreements reached with the Government and other social partners in matters of employment and social reform and the important role of Spanish Confederation of Business Organizations Foundation (CEOE), Insurance associations and Prevention Services in the fight against COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Sociedades , España
6.
Rofo ; 193(11): 1343, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710916
7.
R I Med J (2013) ; 104(9): 49-54, 2021 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705909

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in climate change among healthcare professionals, but it is unclear to what extent resources on this topic are available to students and clinicians in New England. METHODS: Structured review of publicly available information regarding climate change and health activity at schools of medicine, public health, and physician assistant studies and in state medical and physician assistant societies in New England. RESULTS: Of 39 programs reviewed, 18 (46%) had at least one climate-related initiative. Six universities accounted for 87% of climate change and health initiatives in the region. Three out of 12 state professional associations had committees or position statements addressing climate change. CONCLUSION: There is substantial activity related to climate change and health in New England, but it is concentrated in a small number of locations. Opportunities exist to improve access to education on this topic and increase involvement of health professional associations.


Asunto(s)
Cambio Climático , Sociedades , Educación en Salud , Personal de Salud/educación , Humanos , Políticas
8.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(2): e20200465, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705988

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: to analyze the nursing systems of understanding and social inequalities from the perspective of student leaders and representatives of nursing professional organizations. METHODS: qualitative research supported by the theoretical framework of Marxist dialectics. Threerepresentatives of professional organizations and five student leaders participated in the study. Datawere obtained from individual interviews and submitted to Critical Discourse Analysis. RESULTS: thediscourses are marked by commitment, relational identification and characterize the position of obligation and necessity of nursing in acting with the individuals in situations of inequality, indicating accountability as a social practice. Among the competencies necessary for nursing in confronting social inequalities, political competence is central and is associated with health advocacy. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: we conclude that acting on social inequalities is part of the historical construction of nursing. Here, we emphasized the historical importance of Florence Nightingale and her legacy for political action and leadership in nursing.


Asunto(s)
Historia de la Enfermería , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XIX , Humanos , Liderazgo , Sociedades , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estudiantes
9.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258230, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618838

RESUMEN

Late Neolithic Vinca communities, spread over much of central and northern Balkans during the late sixth to mid-fifth millennium BC and characterised by unusually large and densely population centres, would have required highly organised food production systems. Zooarchaeological analysis indicates that domesticate livestock were herded, but little is known about the seasonal husbandry practices that helped ensure a steady supply of animal products to Vinca farming communities. Here, we present new stable carbon (δ13C) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic measurements of incremental bioapatite samples from the teeth of domesticated livestock and wild herbivore teeth from two late Neolithic Vinca culture sites: Vinca-Belo brdo and Stubline (Serbia). Our results show a low variation overall within sheep and goats in terms of pasture type that may have been composed of seasonal halophyte plant communities, which have higher δ13C values due to the saline rich growing environments. Cattle feeding strategies were more variable and provided with supplementary forage, such as cut branches or leafy hay, during winter. The sharp distinction in the management of cattle and sheep/goat may be associated with the development of herding strategies that sought to balance livestock feeding behaviours with available forage or, more provocatively, the emergence of household-based control over cattle-an animal that held a central economic and symbolic role in Vinca societies.


Asunto(s)
Crianza de Animales Domésticos , Marcaje Isotópico , Estaciones del Año , Sociedades , Diente/química , Vinca/crecimiento & desarrollo , Animales , Peninsula Balcánica , Isótopos de Carbono/análisis , Geografía , Isótopos de Oxígeno/análisis
10.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258120, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648527

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The field of Plastic Surgery is prominent on social media around the world. Board certified plastic surgeons and societies of plastic surgery play a role in providing accurate, evidence-based information to the public, patients, and colleagues. The aim of this study was to explore the use of social media by European Plastic Surgery Societies. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective analysis of the presence and activity of European Plastic Surgery Societies on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram was conducted between December 12th 2018 and December 12th 2019. The results have been compared to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. RESULTS: Twenty, eleven and nine European societies yielded an active account on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram respectively. Only seven European societies had an account on all three platforms and were therefore considered polypresent. The amount of followers of those seven societies was significantly higher than of the others (p-value = 0.02). Their activity yielded significantly more posts on Facebook (p-value = 0.02). The American Society of Plastic Surgeons had more followers on all three platforms than all European societies combined. CONCLUSION: Social media are still rather unexploited by European Plastic Surgery Societies. A tendency towards increased visibility can be observed, yet a higher penetration is required to further educate and engage through social media. The quantitative data provided serve as reasonable foundation for further studies and a guide for growth of #PlasticSurgery.


Asunto(s)
Publicidad/métodos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Sociedades/estadística & datos numéricos , Cirugía Plástica/psicología , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos
11.
Clin J Oncol Nurs ; 25(5): 1-2, 2021 10 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533528

RESUMEN

The Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) has made marked contributions to the art and science of nursing, including establishment of resources and a community for oncology nurses across the United States. ONS's core values have evolved to innovation, excellence, advocacy, and inclusivity (ONS, 2021). While we know that these core values are, in virtue, admirable, there is a stark need to address another value-equity.


Asunto(s)
Enfermería Oncológica , Sociedades de Enfermería , Atención a la Salud , Humanos , Sociedades , Estados Unidos
12.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0254240, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529697

RESUMEN

"Barbarism" is perhaps best understood as a recurring syndrome among peripheral societies in response to the threats and opportunities presented by more developed neighbors. This article develops a mathematical model of barbarigenesis-the formation of "barbarian" societies adjacent to more complex societies-and its consequences, and applies the model to the case of Europe in the first millennium CE. A starting point is a game (developed by Hirshleifer) in which two players allocate their resources either to producing wealth or to fighting over wealth. The paradoxical result is that a richer and potentially more powerful player may lose out to a poorer player, because the opportunity cost of fighting is greater for the former. In a more elaborate spatial model with many players, the outcome is a wealth-power mismatch: central regions have comparatively more wealth than power, peripheral regions have comparatively more power than wealth. In a model of historical dynamics, a wealth-power mismatch generates a long-lasting decline in social complexity, sweeping from more to less developed regions, until wealth and power come to be more closely aligned. This article reviews how well this model fits the historical record of late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages in Europe both quantitatively and qualitatively. The article also considers some of the history left out of the model, and why the model doesn't apply to the modern world.


Asunto(s)
Civilización/historia , Desastres/prevención & control , Dinámica Poblacional , Cambio Social , Sociedades/organización & administración , Arqueología , Desastres/economía , Historia Antigua , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Ciudad de Roma
13.
Science ; 373(6559): 1099, 2021 09 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516854

RESUMEN

[Figure: see text].


Asunto(s)
Sociedades
14.
J Public Health Manag Pract ; 27(Suppl 6): S235-S241, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559740

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Released by the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) every decade since 1980, Healthy People identifies science-based objectives with targets to monitor progress and motivate and focus action. Healthy People 2030 is the current iteration of the Healthy People initiative. PROGRAM: Healthy People 2030 includes 3 sets of measures-Healthy People 2030 objectives, Leading Health Indicators (LHIs), and Overall Health and Well-being Measures (OHMs). Collectively, these components of Healthy People 2030 drive progress toward the initiative's vision of "a society in which all people can achieve their full potential for health and well-being across the life span." IMPLEMENTATION: The Healthy People 2030 LHIs and OHMs were developed with input from multiple subject matter experts and launched in December 2020. Designed as an entry point for users interested in improving the health of their communities and selected for their ability to improve health and well-being, the LHIs will be assessed annually. As broad, global outcome measures of overall health and well-being, the OHMs will be assessed at least 3 times before 2030. EVALUATION: The 23 LHIs are a subset of Healthy People 2030 core objectives that have been selected to drive action toward improved health and well-being. LHIs are intended to help organizations, communities, and states across the nation focus resources and efforts to improve the health and well-being of all people. The OHMs include 8 broad, global outcome measures of overall health and well-being that help assess progress toward the Healthy People 2030 vision. The Healthy People 2030 OHMs include the addition of a measure of overall well-being. DISCUSSION: Together with the Healthy People 2030 objectives, the LHIs and OHMs provide a plan of action to improve the health and well-being of the nation through a framework for assessing progress, addressing health disparities and social determinants of health, and advancing health equity.


Asunto(s)
Equidad en Salud , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Sociedades
15.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e100, July-Sept. 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280175

RESUMEN

While pondering about a way to convey a message of hope, kindness and solidarity to my anesthesiology colleagues and to all the healthcare professionals and workers in Colombia and around the world, who are in the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic, I realized - once again- the severe impact it has had on our mental health and our lives. In the history of our generation and probably since 1918, mankind had not experienced the deleterious effect of a pandemic of such magnitude on our lives. A disrupting event of such magnitude invites us to reflect daily. So, I remembered that we, Colombian anesthesiologists, have a fantastic leader who sets an example for many of us, and who is renowned worldwide. A global leader in innovation and the creation of the future: Professor Alejandro Jadad. He used to speak often about pandemics, but pandemics of health and joy.


Mientras reflexionaba sobre una manera de transmitir un mensaje de esperanza, amabilidad y solidaridad a mis colegas de anestesiología y a todos los profesionales y trabajadores de la salud en Colombia y en todo el mundo, que se encuentran en la primera línea de la pandemia de COVID-19, me di cuenta: una vez de nuevo, el impacto severo que ha tenido en nuestra salud mental y nuestras vidas. En la historia de nuestra generación y probablemente desde 1918, la humanidad no había experimentado el efecto deletéreo de una pandemia de tal magnitud en nuestras vidas. Un acontecimiento perturbador de tal magnitud nos invita a reflexionar a diario. Entonces, recordé que nosotros, los anestesiólogos colombianos, tenemos un líder fantástico que es un ejemplo para muchos de nosotros y que es reconocido mundialmente. Líder mundial en innovación y creación de futuro: el profesor Alejandro Jadad. Solía ​​hablar a menudo de pandemias, pero de pandemias de salud y alegría.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Personal de Salud , Atención a la Salud , Pandemias , Anestesiología , Grupos Profesionales , Sociedades , Salud , Salud Mental , Escala de Richter , Anestesiólogos , Historia
16.
Investig. psicol. (La Paz, En línea) ; (supl.): 39-52, sept. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343618

RESUMEN

Los recursos didácticos transdisciplinares, se constituyen en una posibilidad para romper con los repetidos modelos educativos tradicionales que distraen a las personas de la construcción de conocimientos significativos, culturalmente pertinentes y socialmente relevantes; por lo tanto, para descolonizar desde el aula promoviendo la liberación del pensamiento y el rescate de su complejidad, así como de la existencia de las personas, y, por ende, de las comunidades y de las sociedades a las que pertenecen.


The transdisciplinary didactic resources constitute a possibility to break with the repeated traditional educacional models that distract people from the construction of significant, culturally pertinent and socially relevant knowledge; therefore, to decolonize from the classroom by promoting the liberation of thought and the rescue of its complexity, as well as the existence of people, and, therefore, of the communities and societies to which they belong.


Os recursos didáticos transdisciplinares constituem uma possibilidade de ruptura com os repetidos modelos tradicionais educacionais que desviam as pessoas da construção de conhecimentos significativos, culturalmente pertinentes e socialmente relevantes; portanto, descolonizar da sala de aula promovendo a libertação do pensamento e o resgate de sua complexidade, bem como a existência das pessoas e, portanto, das comunidades e sociedades a que pertencem.


Asunto(s)
Materiales de Enseñanza , Modelos Educacionales , Sociedades
18.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0254539, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347806

RESUMEN

The transition to agriculture is regarded as a major turning point in human history. In the present contribution we propose to look at it through the lens of ethnographic data by means of a machine learning approach. More specifically, we analyse both the subsistence economies and the socioecological context of 1290 societies documented in the Ethnographic Atlas with a threefold purpose: (i) to better understand the variability and success of human economic choices; (ii) to assess the role of environmental settings in the configuration of the different subsistence economies; and (iii) to examine the relevance of fishing in the development of viable alternatives to cultivation. All data were extracted from the publicly available cross-cultural database D-PLACE. Our results suggest that not all subsistence combinations are viable, existing just a subset of successful economic choices that appear recurrently in specific ecological systems. The subsistence economies identified are classified as either primary or mixed economies in accordance with an information-entropy-based quantitative criterion that determines their degree of diversification. Remarkably, according to our results, mixed economies are not a marginal choice, as they constitute 25% of the cases in our data sample. In addition, fishing seems to be a key element in the configuration of mixed economies, as it is present across all of them.


Asunto(s)
Agricultura/economía , Economía/tendencias , Ecosistema , Sociedades/economía , Crianza de Animales Domésticos , Animales , Animales Domésticos , Entropía , Alimentos/economía , Humanos , Aprendizaje Automático
20.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(8): e2119621, 2021 08 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402891

RESUMEN

Importance: In 2020 and early 2021, the National Football League (NFL) and National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) opted to host football games in stadiums across the country. The in-person attendance of games varied with time and from county to county. There is currently no evidence on whether limited in-person attendance of games is associated with COVID-19 case numbers on a county-level. Objective: To assess whether NFL and NCAA football games with limited in-person attendance were associated with increased COVID-19 cases in the counties they were held compared with a matched set of counties. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this time-series cross-sectional study, every county hosting NFL or NCAA games with in-person attendance (treated group) in 2020 and 2021 was matched with a county that that did not host a game on the corresponding day but had an identical game history for up to 14 days prior (control group). A standard matching method was used to further refine this matched set so that the treated and matched control counties had similar population size, nonpharmaceutical interventions in place, and COVID-19 trends. The association of hosting games with in-person attendance with COVID-19 cases was assessed using a difference-in-difference estimator. Data were analyzed from August 29 to December 28, 2020. Exposures: Hosting NFL or NCAA games. Main Outcomes and Measures: The main outcome was estimation of new COVID-19 cases per 100 000 residents at the county level reported up to 14 days after a game among counties with NFL and NCAA games with in-person attendance. Results: A total of 528 games with in-person attendance (101 NFL games [19.1%]; 427 NCAA games [80.9%]) were included. The matching algorithm returned 361 matching sets of counties. The median (interquartile range [IQR]) number of attendance for NFL games was 9949 (6000 to 13 797) people. The median number of attendance for NCAA games was not available, and attendance was recorded as a binary variable. The median (IQR) daily new COVID-19 cases in treatment group counties hosting games was 26.14 (10.77-50.25) cases per 100 000 residents on game day. The median (IQR) daily new COVID-19 cases in control group counties where no games were played was 24.11 (9.64-48.55) cases per 100 000 residents on game day. The treatment effect size ranged from -5.17 to 4.72, with a mean (SD) of 1.21 (2.67) cases per 100 000 residents, within the 14-day period in all counties hosting the games, and the daily treatment effect trend remained relatively steady during this period. Conclusions and Relevance: This cross-sectional study did not find a consistent increase in the daily COVID-19 cases per 100 000 residents in counties where NFL and NCAA games were held with limited in-person attendance. These findings suggest that NFL and NCAA football games hosted with limited in-person attendance were not associated with substantial risk for increased local COVID-19 cases.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/epidemiología , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Poblacional/estadística & datos numéricos , Vigilancia de Guardia , Instalaciones Deportivas y Recreativas/estadística & datos numéricos , COVID-19/prevención & control , COVID-19/transmisión , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Estudios Transversales , Fútbol Americano , Humanos , Organizaciones sin Fines de Lucro , SARS-CoV-2 , Sociedades , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Universidades
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