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1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1118-1136, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-994978

RESUMEN

O presente artigo objetivou realizar uma análise sobre como a temática da pobreza tem historicamente comparecido nos estudos e parâmetros de atuação profissional do psicólogo brasileiro. Foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica acerca do objeto de estudo, o resgate de produções pertinentes sobre a relação da Psicologia brasileira com a pobreza ao longo de seu desenvolvimento, bem como de documentos e parametrizações do Conselho Federal de Psicologia. Observamos um crescimento do envolvimento da Psicologia com a pobreza e demais expressões da "questão social", atrelado com a maior vinculação da profissão com as políticas públicas e sociais. O debate entre "questão social", pobreza e Psicologia, contextualizado em diferentes fases do capitalismo, face às particularidades brasileiras e atual conjuntura, evidencia as contradições: autocrítica acerca do distanciamento com a realidade brasileira e insuficiências teórico-práticas, mas com a hegemonia na Psicologia ainda se fazendo valer por meio de leituras e práticas individualizantes, psicologizantes, perpetradoras da ordem. Dessa forma, uma Psicologia compromissada com a compreensão e superação da pobreza, assim como do sistema que a forja e nela se sustenta, requer a identificação e libertação de sua própria pobreza.(AU)


The present article aims to analyze how the issue of poverty has historically appeared in studies and parameters of the professional work of Brazilian psychologists. A bibliographic review about the object of the study was elaborated, with the retrieval of relevant works about the relationship between Brazilian Psychology and poverty throughout its development, as well as documents and parametrizations of the Federal Council of Psychology. We see an increase in the involvement of Psychology with poverty and other expressions of the "social issue", linked to the greater bondage of the profession with public and social policies. The debate between "social issue", poverty and Psychology, contextualized in different phases of capitalism, in view of the Brazilian characteristics and current situation, shows the following contradictions: self-criticism about distancing from Brazilian reality and theoretical-practical insufficiencies, but with the hegemony in Psychology still being enforced through individualizing, psychologizing readings and practices, perpetrating the order. In this way, a Psychology committed to understanding and overcoming poverty, as well as the system that forges and sustains it, requires the identification and liberation of its own poverty.(AU)


El presente artículo apuntó a realizar un análisis sobre cómo la temática de la pobreza ha formado parte históricamente en los estudios y parámetros de actuación profesional del psicólogo brasileño. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica acerca del objeto de estudio y un rescate de producciones pertinentes sobre la relación de la Psicología brasileña con la pobreza a lo largo de su desarrollo, así como de documentos del Consejo Federal de Psicología. Observamos un crecimiento de la implicación de la Psicología con la pobreza y demás expresiones de la cuestión social, vinculada con la mayor ligazón de la profesión con las políticas públicas y sociales. El debate entre "cuestión social", pobreza y Psicología, contextualizado en diferentes fases del capitalismo, frente a las particularidades brasileñas y la coyuntura actual, evidencia las siguientes contradicciones: autocrítica acerca del distanciamiento con la realidad brasileña y las insuficiencias teórico-prácticas, empero existe una hegemonía en la Psicología que todavía se hace valer por medio de lecturas y prácticas individualizantes, psicologizantes, perpetradoras del orden. Así, una Psicología comprometida con la comprensión y superación de la pobreza y con el sistema que la forja y en ella se sustenta, requiere de la identificación y liberación de su propia pobreza.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Pobreza/psicología , Sociología/historia , Capitalismo , Psicología , Política Pública , Brasil , Historia
2.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 25(suppl 1): 145-158, 2018 08.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133587

RESUMEN

This article discusses the similarities between certain knowledges and practices focused on "improving the race" in Colombia from 1920-1930, showing how they can be located within a framework defined by historiography as the "Latin American eugenic movement." The term "social hygiene" appears in some Colombian medical texts during this period to describe the improvement of a fraction of the population defined as "degenerate." This study contributes to discussion of the need to rethink "racial improvement" strategies as local, heterogeneous, diverse problems.


Asunto(s)
Grupos de Población Continentales/historia , Eugenesia/historia , Sociología/historia , Colombia , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos
4.
Psychoanal Rev ; 104(4): 415-435, 2017 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28746005

RESUMEN

After decades of neglect, sociology is experiencing a revival of interest in psychoanalytic insights, and Erich Fromm's work is uniquely valuable for encouraging dialogue between the two fields. A recipient of a PhD in sociology as a young man in the 1920s, Fromm was a prominent psychoanalytic theorist and clinician, as well as a social researcher and public intellectual in the 1930s, up to his death in 1980. After a historical account of the relative neglect of Fromm in both disciplines, this paper examines the place of his psychoanalytic theory within sociology today as a way of discussing sociology's complicated relationship to psychoanalysis and the insights each field can offer the other.


Asunto(s)
Teoría Freudiana/historia , Psicoanálisis/historia , Sociología/historia , Alemania , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Teoría Psicoanalítica
5.
Asclepio ; 69(1): 0-0, ene.-jun. 2017. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-164626

RESUMEN

Spatial and territorial organization is an important factor in the configuration of control and surveillance strategies at work in our society. Architecture in general and certain buildings in particular have been key devices in exercising said control and surveillance. In these pages we look at the building structures in facilities specially designed for the control and custody of their occupants. We begin with the Casas de Misericordia, which appeared in the 16th century and were designed to house marginalized people mostly from urban environments, and go over the morphologies of prisons, hospitals, and quarantine stations. We analyze the transfer of building structures from one kind of establishment to another, and discuss how their specific functions progressively fixed their morphologies. Finally, we focus on the discourse built in Spain, from its origins in the 16th century until its realizations in the first half of the 19th century, when a marked institutional specialization took place and building structures became more stable, dealing with theoretical proposals as well as what was done in the practice (AU)


La organización espacial y territorial es un factor importante en la configuración de las estrategias de control y vigilancia que funcionan en nuestra sociedad. La arquitectura en general, y determinados edificios en particular, han sido dispositivos importantes para el desempeño de tales tareas. En estas páginas se estudian las estructuras constructivas de establecimientos especialmente diseñados para el control y la custodia de sus habitantes, comenzando por las «Casas de Misericordia» diseñadas para recoger a los marginados, principalmente urbanos, desde el siglo XVI, y se rastrean las morfologías de cárceles, hospitales y lazaretos. Analizamos la transferencia de estructuras constructivas de un establecimiento a otro y cómo la reflexión sobre las funciones específicas de cada uno de ellos fue fijando sus morfologías. Finalmente, se presta atención al discurso construido en España, desde sus orígenes en el siglo XVI hasta sus concreciones en el XIX, ocupándonos tanto de las propuestas teóricas como de las realizaciones (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Historia del Siglo XVII , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Historia del Siglo XIX , Arquitectura/historia , Prisiones/historia , Prisiones/organización & administración , Hospitales/historia , Sociología/historia , Planos/historia , Prisiones/clasificación , Arquitectura y Construcción de Instituciones de Salud/clasificación , Arquitectura y Construcción de Instituciones de Salud/historia
11.
Br J Sociol ; 68(1): 3-16, 2017 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28230892

RESUMEN

I am honoured to present the 2016 British Journal of Sociology Annual Lecture at the London School of Economics. My lecture is based on ideas derived from my new book, The Scholar Denied: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology. In this essay I make three arguments. First, W.E.B. Du Bois and his Atlanta School of Sociology pioneered scientific sociology in the United States. Second, Du Bois pioneered a public sociology that creatively combined sociology and activism. Finally, Du Bois pioneered a politically engaged social science relevant for contemporary political struggles including the contemporary Black Lives Matter movement.


Asunto(s)
Afroamericanos , Racismo , Conducta Social , Teoría Social , Sociología , Afroamericanos/psicología , Derechos Civiles , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Sociología/educación , Sociología/historia , Sociología/métodos , Universidades
12.
J Hist Behav Sci ; 53(2): 155-175, 2017 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28199025

RESUMEN

This paper investigates the intellectual biography of the American philosopher and anthropologist Lawrence Krader (1919-1998) as a contribution to the sociology of intellectuals and history of ideas. We trace Krader's career trajectory to his intellectual self-concept, his scholarly and political worldviews, and his financial independence. Krader entertained a self-concept of a lone pioneer that led him to reject the competition for attention as highlighted in the current literature, dominated as it is by an emphasis on field, habitus, the accumulation and reproduction of power, and symbolic capital. His self-concept and his happier financial circumstance kept him relatively aloof from key intellectual networks and narrow institutional constraints. Our paper seeks to combine the new sociology of ideas with its focus on institutions and networks with traditional Wissenssoziologie that emphasized the role of class, status, and worldviews to explain the rise and fall of theories and thinkers.


Asunto(s)
Antropología/historia , Filosofía/historia , Sociología/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Estados Unidos
14.
Asclepio ; 68(2): 0-0, jul.-dic. 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-158643

RESUMEN

Both Disability History and the History of Emotions have expanded significantly as fields of enquiry but despite sharing common interests in health, well being and difference there has been little interaction between scholars working in these areas. This article suggests ways in which history’s 'emotional turn' can shed light on disability in the past, using the case study of Britain in the eighteenth century. Theories of the 'passions', 'sentiments' and 'affections' were used to describe causes of impairment and to prescribe appropriate responses. Although this was a period in which disability was commonly regarded as a 'miserable' or 'pitiable' state, a close reading of a variety of sources from medical texts to newspapers and periodicals reveals that the degree of 'unhappiness' associated with disability depended on timing, context and the symbolic significance of certain impairments (AU)


Tanto la Historia de la Discapacidad como la Historia de las Emociones han crecido de manera significativa como campos e investigación. Sin embargo, a pesar de compartir intereses comunes en relación a la salud, el bienestar y la diferencia ha habido poca interacción entre los investigadores que han trabajado en dichas áreas. Este artículo sugiere, usando como estudio de caso la Gran Bretaña del siglo XVIII, la manera en la que el "giro emocional" de la historia puede arrojar luz sobre la discapacidad en el pasado. En esa época distintas teorías sobre las 'pasiones', los 'sentimientos' y los 'afectos' fueron usadas para describir las causas de las deficiencias o para proporcionar respuestas adecuadas a las mismas. Aunque éste fue un periodo en el que la discapacidad era normalmente vista como una 'desgracia' o como un estado que producía 'lástima', una lectura detallada de un conjunto variado de fuentes que incluye desde textos médicos a periódicos y revistas revela que el grado de 'infelicidad' asociado a la discapacidad dependía del momento, el contexto y el significado simbólico de ciertas deficiencias (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Personas con Discapacidad/historia , Servicios de Salud para Personas con Discapacidad/historia , Emoción Expresada/fisiología , Afecto/fisiología , Empatía/fisiología , Felicidad , Emociones/fisiología , Sociología/historia , Aculturación/historia , Monitoreo Epidemiológico/historia , Reino Unido/epidemiología , Síntomas Afectivos/historia , Cambio Social/historia
15.
Am Psychol ; 71(5): 449, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27504580

RESUMEN

Presents an obituary for Richard Michael Suzman, who died on April 16, 2015. Suzman was trained as a sociologist and anthropologist, but he was attracted to the approaches of demography and economics. He came to know a great deal about diverse fields of science, including health, physiology, psychology, genetics, and economics. He was a scientific leader who was on a quest to develop new transdisciplinary fields and to mobilize the best scientists to work in them. Suzman's passion for transdisciplinary science was fully expressed in his greatest achievement: the famous Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), which he initiated in 1988 and continued to guide and inspire. (PsycINFO Database Record


Asunto(s)
Psicología/historia , Antropología/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Sociología/historia
16.
J Hist Behav Sci ; 52(4): 392-407, 2016 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27546884

RESUMEN

This paper proposes a new approach to the study of sociological classics. This approach is pragmatic in character. It draws upon the social pragmatism of G. H. Mead and the sociology of texts of D. F. McKenzie. Our object of study is Norbert Elias's On the Process of Civilization. The pragmatic genealogy of this book reveals the importance of taking materiality seriously. By documenting the successive entanglements between human agency and nonhuman factors, we discuss the origins of the book in the 1930s, how it was forgotten for 30 years, and how in the mid-1970s it became a sociological classic. We explain canonization as a matter of fusion between book's material form and its content, in the context of the paperback revolution of the 1960s, the events of May 1968, and the demise of Parsons' structural functionalism, and how this provided Elias with an opportunity to advance his model of sociology.


Asunto(s)
Teoría Social , Sociología/historia , Civilización , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos
17.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 23(2): 411-30, 2016 01 26.
Artículo en Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27276044

RESUMEN

Through reliance on a social cartography method based on Karl Mannheim's sociology of knowledge, the article analyzes the first ten issues of Revista de Saúde Pública, published by the University of São Paulo. Articles and editorials are mapped in order to understand the period's transformations. In the realm of the journal's editorial line, tensions are noted between complying with the principles of the institution and international transformations, which demanded an openness to interdisciplinary topics. Special focus is placed on sub-fields, dominated by an epidemiology that was in flux as it absorbed new knowledge in the context of the formation of the field of public health.


Asunto(s)
Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/historia , Salud Pública/historia , Bibliometría , Brasil , Mapeo Geográfico , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Sociología/historia
18.
Stud Hist Philos Sci ; 56: 103-10, 2016 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27083089

RESUMEN

In Part I of this two part paper we tried to elicit the 'essence' of the notion of interactional expertise by looking at its origins. In Part II we will look at the notion of contributory expertise. The exercise has been triggered by recent discussion of these concepts in this journal by Plaisance and Kennedy and by Goddiksen.


Asunto(s)
Filosofía/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Lenguaje/historia , Sociología/historia
19.
Br J Sociol ; 67(1): 138-60, 2016 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26898388

RESUMEN

This paper proposes a re-thinking of the relationship between sociology and the biological sciences. Tracing lines of connection between the history of sociology and the contemporary landscape of biology, the paper argues for a reconfiguration of this relationship beyond popular rhetorics of 'biologization' or 'medicalization'. At the heart of the paper is a claim that, today, there are some potent new frames for re-imagining the traffic between sociological and biological research - even for 'revitalizing' the sociological enterprise as such. The paper threads this argument through one empirical case: the relationship between urban life and mental illness. In its first section, it shows how this relationship enlivened both early psychiatric epidemiology, and some forms of the new discipline of sociology; it then traces the historical division of these sciences, as the sociological investment in psychiatric questions waned, and 'the social' become marginalized within an increasingly 'biological' psychiatry. In its third section, however, the paper shows how this relationship has lately been revivified, but now by a nuanced epigenetic and neurobiological attention to the links between mental health and urban life. What role can sociology play here? In its final section, the paper shows how this older sociology, with its lively interest in the psychiatric and neurobiological vicissitudes of urban social life, can be our guide in helping to identify intersections between sociological and biological attention. With a new century now underway, the paper concludes by suggesting that the relationship between urban life and mental illness may prove a core testing-ground for a 'revitalized' sociology.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales/historia , Sociología , Población Urbana , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/etiología , Sociología/historia , Sociología/métodos , Población Urbana/historia
20.
J Hist Behav Sci ; 52(1): 90, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26749129
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