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1.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(3): 202-208, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644891

RESUMEN

Objectives: The aim of study was to evaluate skeletodental and soft tissue treatment effects and the amount of maxillary molar distalization with modified C-palatal plates vs. Greenfield molar distalizer appliances in adolescents. Study design: The samples consisted of pre- and posttreatment lateral cephalograms collected from 39 patients with Class II malocclusion. The MCPP group was comprised of 21 patients (mean age: 11.7 ± 1.3 years) treated with MCPP appliances while the GMD group included 18 patients (mean age: 11.2 ± 0.9 years) treated with GMD. Fixed orthodontic treatment started with the distalization process in both groups. From each cephalograpm, twenty-nine variables were measured for analysis and then the two groups were compared. Descriptive statistics, a paired t-test, and multivariate analysis of variance were performed to compare the treatment effects within and between the groups. Results: There was significant treatmentrelated change in the sagittal position of the maxilla and the mandible within each group. However, there were no statistically significant inter-group differences. The mean maxillary first molar distalization was 3.96 mm in the MCPP group vs. 2.85 mm in the GMD group. Both groups showed minimal distal tipping, but the maxillary incisors were significantly extruded by 3.04 ± 0.89 mm (P < .001) in GMD group. There was no significant difference in treatment duration between the groups. Conclusions: The maxillary first molars of both the MCPP and GMD groups were effectively distalized and there were significant skeletal changes in the maxilla. However, the maxillary incisors were significantly extruded in the GMD group.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia , Adolescente , Cefalometría , Niño , Humanos , Maxilar , Diente Molar , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Aparatos Ortodóncicos , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
2.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(2): 273-285, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620481

RESUMEN

A gummy smile is one of the most problematic characteristics in patients with a Class II Division 2 malocclusion, and the correction of vertical position and incisor torque is often challenging for the orthodontist. This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of a 31-year-old woman, assisted by miniscrew mechanics for maxillary arch distalization and correction of a gummy smile with a brachyfacial pattern. Two different mechanics were used. Miniscrews were placed in both maxillary tuberosities, and the maxillary arch was successfully distalized, correcting the Class II relationship. Interradicular miniscrews were placed for maxillary and mandibular incisor intrusion to correct the gummy smile, overbite, and torque. Finally, periodontal surgery was performed to lengthen the maxillary incisor crowns. Satisfactory smile esthetics and good occlusion were achieved. Follow-up after 24 months confirmed that the outcome was stable.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Adulto , Cefalometría , Estética Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Incisivo , Maxilar , Diente Molar , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
3.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(2): 166-174, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624347

RESUMEN

Orthodontic treatment with sequential aligners has seen a considerable surge in the last decades, and is currently used to treat malocclusions of varying severity. To enhance tooth movement and broaden the spectrum of malocclusions that can be treated with aligners, composite resin attachments are routinely bonded with the acid-etch technique on multiple teeth, a process known to impose irreversible alterations of the enamel structure, color, gloss, and roughness. Additionally, this clinical setting introduces a unique scenario of different materials applied in a manner that involves the development of friction and attrition between the attachment and the softer aligner material, all performing in the harsh conditions of the oral environment, which impact the aging of these materials. The latter may give rise to alterations of the aligners and the composite attachments and potential intraoral release of Bisphenol A, a known endocrine disrupting agent. Furthermore, at the final stages of contemporary aligner treatment, the removal of multiple, sometimes bulky, composite attachments with a volume and surface far greater than the remnant adhesive after debonding of brackets, through grinding that might be associated with pulmonary effects for the patient or staff. Because of the extensive enamel involvement in bonding, the release of factors from the attachment-aligner complex during service, the aging of these entities in the oral environment, and the laborious debonding/composite grinding process coupled with the hazardous nature of aerosol produced during the removal of these bulky specimens, appropriate risk management considerations should be applied and an effort to confine the application of multiple composite specimens bonded to enamel to the absolutely necessary should be pursued.


Asunto(s)
Esmalte Dental , Resinas Compuestas , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
4.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 12-19, jul. 2020.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1102987

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Determinar si existen diferencias en el tamaño de los arcos de NiTi en los calibres 0.012, 0.014 y 0.016 de tres marcas comerciales. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron 180 arcos de NiTi de las marcas American Orthodontics, TD Orthodontics y OrthoPremium. La estadística descriptiva, la ANOVA y el Post Hoc se realizaron en el programa SPSS 18. Resultados: los arcos de American Orthodontics presentaron diferencias estadísticas significativas en la parte anterior y posterior. En los arcos superiores de TD Orthodontics se encontró contracción en el calibre 0.016. En los arcos superiores OrthoPremium presento una contracción en la parte anterior y en el arco inferior de los 10 a los 40mm. Al comparar las tres marcas se encontraron diferencias estadísticas significativas (p<0.05) entre ellas con las pruebas de ANOVA. Conclusiones: existen diferencias en los tamaños de los arcos superiores e inferiores de cada marca y entre ellas.


Objective: To determine if there are differences between the 0.012, 0.014 and 0.016 NiTi archwires of three brands. Material and methods: 180 NiTi archwires of the following brands were used: American Orthodontics, TD Orthodontics and OrthoPremium. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and Post Hoc were performed in the SPSS 18 program. Results: The American Orthodontics archwires presented significant statistical differences in the anterior and posterior parts. In the TD Orthodontics upper archwires, contraction was found in the 0.016 caliber. In the upper archwires, OrthoPremium presented a contraction in the anterior part and in the lower archwire of 10 to 40mm. When comparing the three brands, significant statistical differences (p <0.05) were found between them with the ANOVA tests. Conclusions: there are differences in the sizes of the upper and lower archwires of each brand and between them.


Objetivo: determinar se existem diferenças no tamanho dos arcos de NiTi em calibres 0, 12, 0, 14 e 0, 16 de três marcas comerciais. Material e métodos: foram utilizados 180 arcos NiTi das marcas American Orthodontics, TD Orthodontics e OrthoPremium. Estatística descritiva, ANOVA e Post Hoc foram realizadas no programa SPSS 18. Resultados: os arcos da American Orthodontics apresentaram diferenças estatísticas significativas na parte anterior e posterior. Nos arcos superiores da TD Ortodontia foi encontrada contração no calibre 0, 16. Nos arcos superiores, o OrthoPremium apresentou contração na parte anterior e no arco inferior de 10 a 40mm. Ao comparar as três marcas, foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas significativas (p <0,05) entre elas com os testes ANOVA. Conclusões: existem diferenças nos tamanhos dos arcos superior e inferior de cada marca e entre eles.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Ortodoncia
7.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 27, 2020 Jul 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715352

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) performed with Propel and other mini-screws on the rate of tooth movement, pain/discomfort, periodontal health, anchorage loss, and root resorption in patients undergoing orthodontic retraction compared to a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, LILACS, Google Scholar, Scopus, and OpenGrey were searched without restriction. A manual search was also carried out. Only randomized clinical trials (RCT) were included. The risk of bias (RoB) was assessed using RoB 2.0 and the certainty of evidence through the GRADE tool. RESULTS: Among the twelve RCTs reviewed, five used the Propel system. Overall, the RoB was classified as low (4), moderate (5), and high (3). Two RCTs with moderate and one with a low RoB using the Propel system reported mild increases on rate of tooth movement associated with MOPs. One RCT with a moderate and another with high RoB did not find a significant effect of Propel on orthodontic movement. Regarding tooth movement, a subgroup meta-analysis found no differences between control and Propel movement (95% CI = - 0.01 to 0.75) or other mini-screws (- 0.02 to 0.31) related to rate of tooth movement per month. There was no effect of MOPs on root resorption, periodontal health, anchorage loss, and a mild effect on pain and oral health related to quality of life regardless of mini-screw type. The level of certainty was graded as low for the rate of tooth movement and pain/discomfort, as moderate for anchorage loss, and high for root resorption. CONCLUSION: A low certainty of evidence supports that MOPs performed with Propel seem to have no significant effect on the rate of tooth movement. Moreover, this intervention does not seem to cause an increase in root resorption, periodontal heath, pain/discomfort, or anchorage loss. Thus, the Propel system does not appear to produce different results from those observed for other mini-screws.


Asunto(s)
Dolor , Resorción Radicular , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Tornillos Óseos , Humanos , Calidad de Vida
8.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(2): 18-23, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490921

RESUMEN

If essential care is thorough, teeth with extensive orthodontically induced dental resorption can have the same endurance as normal teeth. These teeth are subjected to the same disturbances as normal ones, such as dental trauma, dental caries and periodontal disease, all of which are independent of severe dental resorption. Orthodontic retreatments of teeth presenting with extensive orthodontically induced dental resorption must take into consideration that these roots are shorter in length, therefore, they are more prone to root resorption. Conventional movements are not viable in severe resorption, but Orthodontics offer some alternatives, such as; 1) movement of multiple teeth, providing better distribution of force; 2) use of lesser forces along with bodily movements, as opposed to rotation; 3) anchorage using miniplates, which provide more diffuse and equally distributed force and movements upon teeth and bone. Extensive orthodontically induced dental resorption are not an indication for endodontic treatment. These teeth also should not be replaced by osseointegrated dental implants, but they must receive special care, as they must remain in the dental arch indefinitely.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Ortodoncia , Resorción Radicular , Diente Premolar , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Raíz del Diente
9.
Rev Med Liege ; 75(5-6): 452-456, 2020 May.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496696

RESUMEN

An increasing number of adult patients are seeking orthodontic treatment and several surgical and non-surgical methods have been developed to reduce the overall treatment time. Two randomized controlled clinical trials, performed in our University Hospital, demonstrated that the piezocision surgery - minimally invasive corticotomies - decreased the overall orthodontic treatment time by 43 % - effect during 4 to 6 months after the surgery - without any further clinical and radiological adverse effects. In addition, the use of a custom-made orthodontic system - brackets and arches - optimized the acceleration in the fine-tuning phase of orthodontic treatment. Finally, the combination of the two techniques is therefore relevant to maximize the reduction of the orthodontic treatment time. Fundamentally, our preclinical studies in rats have highlighted the biological phenomena underlying piezocision with an important bone demineralization and osteoclast recruitment associated with a predominant expression of the RANKL-OPG duo.


Asunto(s)
Ortodoncia , Piezocirugía , Adulto , Animales , Humanos , Ortodoncia/tendencias , Radiografía , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Ratas , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
10.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(2): 182-191, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591274

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to evaluate the distalization rate and changes in inclination of the maxillary canines in alveoli preserved with leukocyte-platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) membranes in adult patients. The null hypothesis was that there are no differences in the canine distalization movement rate between the treated and the control sides. METHODS: A total of 21 healthy adult patients with a minimum age of 20 years (mean age, 33 ± 5.9 years) and Angle Class I or Class II Division 1 malocclusion, who had an indication of extraction of the maxillary first premolars and orthodontic distalization of the maxillary canines were included in this study. A randomized controlled clinical split-mouth trial was conducted; the experimental maxillary side was treated with L-PRF membranes, and the other side served as the control. A randomization sequence of the experimental sides among patients was generated using the random number generation function of Microsoft Excel. Neither the patients nor the operators were blinded. Fifteen days after the extractions, distalization was initiated using an elastic chain applying 150 g of force to the canines on a 0.020-in stainless steel archwire. The distalization rate was the main outcome of the study, and it was assessed monthly for 5 months through the intraoral use of a flexible ruler. The degree of inclination of the canines was the secondary outcome, and it was evaluated through cone-beam computed tomography. A Shapiro-Wilk test was performed, and a Wilcoxon signed rank test was subsequently used to compare the experimental and the control group. Spearman rank correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate the correlation between distalization and inclination for each side. RESULTS: Four of the subjects dropped out of the study, leaving a total of 17 patients (n = 17). The distalization rate and inclination of the canines were greater on the control side than on the side treated with L-PRF (P <0.05). A weak correlation was found between the distalization rate and inclination of the canines for both sides (control side, ρ = 0.17; experimental, ρ = 0.11). No harm was observed during the study. CONCLUSIONS: The null hypothesis was rejected. The use of L-PRF in young adult patients decreased the rate of distalization and changes in inclination of the maxillary canines compared with the control group. REGISTRATION: This trial was not registered. PROTOCOL: The protocol was not published before trial commencement.


Asunto(s)
Leucocitos , Adulto , Diente Canino , Humanos , Boca , Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
11.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(2): 32-43, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490928

RESUMEN

A healthy 15-year-old boy with anterior open bite, edge-to-edge transverse discrepancy, and Class III skeletal relationship sought a nonsurgical orthodontic treatment. The patient was treated with premolars extraction, a Hyrax expander and intrusion mechanics with vertical elastics. This mechanics allowed for excellent facial and occlusal results. The final occlusion presented Class I molar and canine relationships, ideal overjet and overbite, and straight facial profile. Analysis of the posttreatment and follow-up radiographs showed that the treatment outcomes remained stable seven years after active orthodontic treatment. Thus, although combined orthodontic and surgical treatment should be considered for patients with this skeletal malocclusion, this case report proves that well controlled orthodontic movement with the patient's cooperation can be a valid alternative treatment, with good and stable outcomes for patients who refuse surgery.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase III , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Mordida Abierta , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Cefalometría , Humanos , Masculino , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
13.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 20(2): 101401, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473793

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effectiveness of mini-implants (MIs) and conventional anchorage appliances used for orthodontic anchorage reinforcement in patients with class I or II malocclusion with bimaxillary protrusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search was conducted through PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane from inception to July 2018. The following Medical Subject Heading terms were used for the search string: "skeletal anchorage", "temporary anchorage devices", "miniscrew implant", "mini-implant", "micro-implant". Standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of horizontal and vertical movements of teeth from baseline were used for comparison. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies were included in the final analysis. MI group significantly lowered mesial movement of molars compared to conventional anchorage group (SMD = -1.48, 95% CI = -2.25 to -0.72; P = .0002). There was significantly higher retraction of incisors in the MI group than in the conventional group (SMD = -0.47 mm, 95% CI = -0.87 to -0.07; P = .02). No significant difference was seen in vertical movement of molars (SMD = -0.21 mm, 95% CI = -0.87 to 0.45; P = .52) and incisors (SMD = -0.30, 95% CI = -1.18 to 0.58; P = .5). CONCLUSION: MIs seem to be more effective than the conventional anchorage devices in terms of minimizing unintended mesial movement of molars with maximum retraction of anterior teeth.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia , Humanos , Diente Molar , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
17.
Cell Prolif ; 53(5): e12810, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32472648

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Gli1+ cells have received extensive attention in tissue homeostasis and injury mobilization. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Gli1+ cells respond to force and contribute to bone remodelling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) model to assess the bone response for mechanical force. The transgenic mice were utilized to label and inhibit Gli1+ cells, respectively. Additionally, mice that conditional ablate Yes-associated protein (Yap) in Gli1+ cells were applied in the present study. The tooth movement and bone remodelling were analysed. RESULTS: We first found Gli1+ cells expressed in periodontal ligament (PDL). They were proliferated and differentiated into osteoblastic cells under tensile force. Next, both pharmacological and genetic Gli1 inhibition models were utilized to confirm that inhibition of Gli1+ cells led to arrest of bone remodelling. Furthermore, immunofluorescence staining identified classical mechanotransduction factor Yap expressed in Gli1+ cells and decreased after suppression of Gli1+ cells. Additionally, conditional ablation of Yap gene in Gli1+ cells inhibited the bone remodelling as well, suggesting Gli1+ cells are force-responsive cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlighted that Gli1+ cells in PDL directly respond to orthodontic force and further mediate bone remodelling, thus providing novel functional evidence in the mechanism of bone remodelling and first uncovering the mechanical responsive property of Gli1+ cells.


Asunto(s)
Remodelación Ósea/fisiología , Huesos/metabolismo , Huesos/fisiología , Proteína con Dedos de Zinc GLI1/metabolismo , Animales , Diferenciación Celular/fisiología , Mecanotransducción Celular/fisiología , Ratones , Ratones Transgénicos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/fisiología , Ligamento Periodontal/metabolismo , Ligamento Periodontal/fisiología , Estrés Mecánico , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental/métodos
18.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(2): 318-322, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436916

RESUMEN

The sequelae of chronic edentulous space is the supraeruption of the opposing teeth which hinders prosthodontic replacement. Molar intrusion of overerupted teeth can be done using miniscrew implants which serves as a promising technique, especially in adult patients. This case report highlights pre-prosthodontic therapy by pure molar intrusion using Temporary Anchorage Device (TAD) in an adult patient seeking prosthesis to enhance chewing efficiency.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia , Adulto , Humanos , Maxilar , Diente Molar , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Prostodoncia , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
19.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(2): 66-78, 2020.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441079

RESUMEN

The aim of the study was the development and substantiation of the method of orthodontic treatment of patients with malocclusions and deformities of dentoalveolar arches with the combined use of braces, orthodontic miniscrew, piezo-surgical corticotomy or laser corticotomy to improve the efficiency and reduce the time of complex treatment. The results of complex rehabilitation of 80 adult patients with dentoalveolar anomalies and deformities of dentition are presented. As a result of the orthodontic treatment of patients who underwent piezo-surgical corticotomy the bodily movement of the posterior teeth in the area of the previously removed tooth was achieved. After piezo-surgical or laser corticotomy the rate of tooth protraction remained elevated for 3 to 5 months (on average 0.3±0.5 mm/month), then gradually decreased. Piezo-surgical corticotomy led to a decrease in bone density, which was measured on the Hounsfield scale. As a result of orthodontic treatment in patients who underwent laser corticotomy an expansion of the upper jaw and normalization of occlusion in the transversal and sagittal directions was achieved: in the region of the hard palate by 7.1±0.4 mm; in the region of the alveolar bone by 6.5±0.5 mm; in the region of the roots of molars by 6.4±0.9 mm; in the area of crowns of molars by 8.3±0.7 mm. It was found that the combined use of piezo-surgical corticotomy and orthodontic miniscrews improve the efficiency and reduce the duration of orthodontic treatment by 3 to 6 months.


Asunto(s)
Dentición , Maloclusión , Adulto , Proceso Alveolar , Humanos , Diente Molar , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Raíz del Diente
20.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 11, 2020 May 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363550

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To compare dentoskeletal changes produced by the maxillary splint headgear and cervical headgear appliance during the early phase of Class II treatment, specially the initial overjet and upper incisors position. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 28 Class II patients treated with the maxillary splint headgear (MSG, mean age 10.1 ± 1.9 years) and 28 Class II patients treated with cervical headgear (CHG, mean age 9.5 ± 1.9 years) were evaluated before and after treatment. Statistical comparisons between the two groups for cephalometric measurements at T1 and for T2-T1 changes were performed by means of independent sample t tests. RESULTS: The MSG showed a significantly greater reduction of the overjet in comparison to the CHG (- 2.4 mm and - 0.7 mm, respectively) and a significantly greater maxillary incisor uprighting (- 1.8 mm and 0.4 mm, respectively). In the MSG, overjet correction was due mainly to mandibular advancement (3.5 mm), while the correction of molar relationship (3.9 mm) was 64% skeletal and 36% dentoalveolar. In the CHG, the overjet correction was also more skeletal, due to mandibular growth (1.8 mm), while correction of molar relationship (3.5 mm) was 63% dentoalveolar and 37% skeletal. CONCLUSIONS: Both groups showed favorable skeletal mandibular changes, which was more significant in the MSG. Regarding tooth movement, the maxillary splint headgear was more effective in uprighting upper incisors and reducing the overjet than cervical headgear appliance.


Asunto(s)
Aparatos de Tracción Extraoral , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Cefalometría , Niño , Humanos , Maxilar , Estudios Retrospectivos , Férulas (Fijadores) , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
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