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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3763-3774, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496179

RESUMEN

Eight Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped bacterial strains were isolated from faeces of Tibetan antelopes on the Tibet-Qinghai Plateau of China. Genomic sequence analysis showed that the strains belong to the genera Actinomyces (strains 299T and 340), Corynebacterium (strains 2184T, 2185, 2183T and 2189) and Oceanobacillus (strains 160T and 143), respectively, with a percentage of similarity for the 16S rRNA gene under the species threshold of 98.7 % except for strains 160T and 143 with Oceanobacillus arenosus CAU 1183T (98.8 %). The genome sizes (and genomic G+C contents) were 3.1 Mb (49.4 %), 2.5 Mb (64.9 %), 2.4 Mb (66.1 %) and 4.1 Mb (37.1 %) for the type strains 299T, 2183T, 2184T and 160T, respectively. Two sets of the overall genome relatedness index values between our isolates and their corresponding closely related species were under species thresholds (95 % for average nucleotide identity, and 70 % for digital DNA-DNA hybridization). These results, together with deeper genotypic, genomic, phenotypic and biochemical analyses, indicate that these eight isolates should be classified as representing four novel species. Strain 299T (=CGMCC 1.16320T=JCM 33611T) is proposed as representing Actinomyces wuliandei sp. nov.; strain 2184T (=CGMCC 1.16417T=DSM 106203T) is proposed as representing Corynebacterium liangguodongii sp. nov.; strain 2183T (=CGMCC 1.16416T=DSM 106264T) is proposed as representing Corynebacterium yudongzhengii sp. nov.; and strain 160T (=CGMCC 1.16367T=DSM 106186T) is proposed as representing Oceanobacillus zhaokaii sp. nov.


Asunto(s)
Actinomyces/clasificación , Antílopes/microbiología , Bacillaceae/clasificación , Corynebacterium/clasificación , Heces/microbiología , Filogenia , Actinomyces/aislamiento & purificación , Animales , Bacillaceae/aislamiento & purificación , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , China , Corynebacterium/aislamiento & purificación , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolípidos/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Tibet
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3839-3844, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496184

RESUMEN

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain 501str8T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from the East Pacific Ocean. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain 501str8T belonged to the genus Muricauda, with closely related type strains Muricauda aquimarina SW-63T (98.5 %), Muricauda lutimaris SMK-108T (98.3 %) and Muricauda ruestringensis B1T (97.9 %). Up-to-date bacterial core gene set analysis revealed that strain 501str8T represented one independent lineage with M. aquimarina SW-63T. The average nucleotide identity values of strain 501str8T with M. aquimarina SW-63T and M. lutimaris SMK-108T were 80.2 and 81.3 %, respectively. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 501str8T and M. aquimarina SW-63T and M. lutimaris SMK-108T were 22.8 and 32.9 %, respectively. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone-6, and iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 1 G were the dominant cellular fatty acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 42.8 mol%. Differential phylogenetic distinctiveness and chemotaxonomic differences, together with the phenotypic properties observed in this study, revealed that strain 501str8T could be differentiated from closely related species. Therefore, we propose that strain 501str8T represents a novel species of the genus Muricauda, for which the name Muricauda oceani sp. nov. is suggested. The type strain is 501str8T (=JCM 33902T=MCCC 1K04567T).


Asunto(s)
Flavobacteriaceae/clasificación , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiología , Filogenia , Agua de Mar/microbiología , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/aislamiento & purificación , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Océano Pacífico , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3899-3904, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496185

RESUMEN

A moderately halophilic bacterium, designated strain KX18D6T, was isolated from the tube of the polychaete Paralvinella hessleri collected from a hydrothermal field located in the Okinawa Trough. Strain KX18D6T was Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic, motile, oxidase- and catalase-positive, and grew optimally at 30-35 °C, pH 7.0 and in the presence of 3-5 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain KX18D6T grouped with the members of the genus Salinimonas, including Salinimonas chungwhensis BH030046T (97.7 % sequence similarity), Salinimonas lutimaris DPSR-4T (97.2 %) and Salinimonas sediminis N102T (96.4 %). Genome sequencing of strain KX18D6T revealed a genome size of 4.16 Mb and a DNA G+C content of 47.3 mol%. Genomic average nucleotide identity (orthoANI) values of strain KX18D6T with S. chungwhensis DSM 16280T, S. lutimaris KCTC 23464T and S. sediminis N102T were 76.2, 73.1 and 73.2 %, respectively, while the in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (GGDC) values for strain KX18D6T with these strains were 25.3, 17.7 and 18.0 %, respectively. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c). The predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8, and the predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. On the basis of comparative analysis of phylogenetic, phylogenomic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain KX18D6T (=KCTC 72464T=MCCC 1K03884T) is clearly distinguishable from the type strains of species of the genus Salinimonas and is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Salinimonas, for which the name Salinimonas iocasae sp. nov. is proposed.


Asunto(s)
Alteromonadaceae/clasificación , Respiraderos Hidrotermales/microbiología , Filogenia , Alteromonadaceae/aislamiento & purificación , Animales , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiología , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Océano Pacífico , Fosfolípidos/química , Poliquetos , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Ubiquinona/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3932-3938, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496176

RESUMEN

The genus Rhodopseudomonas, containing purple nonsulfur photosynthetic Proteobacteria, has a number of strains that belong to different species, although many of them are collectively called Rhodopseudomonas palustris. The type species R. palustris and closely related species are the focus of this paper. The comparison of available genome sequences indicate that the following Rhodopseudomonas species are well recognized: R. palustris (strains ATH 2.1.6T=DSM 123T=NBRC 100419T and BisB5), Rhodopseudomonas rutila (strains R1T, DSM 126, CGA009, ATH 2.1.37, Eli 1980, ATCC 17001 and TIE1), Rhodopseudomonas pentothenatexigens JA575T and Rhodopseudomonas faecalis JCM 11668T. Other strains for which genome sequences are available are distinct from these four species. Evidence is presented that R. palustris strain ATH 2.1.6T-KCM as obtained directly from the van Niel collection by one of us (T.E.M.) is identical to the DSMZ deposit DSM 123T of ATH 2.1.6T, but not to the deposit at ATCC 17001. The amino acid sequences of the cytochromes C2 and C556 from R. palustris strain ATH 2.1.6T-KCM are in complete agreement with the translated genome sequences of R. palustris DSM 123T. In addition, the 16S rRNA gene sequence of R. palustris NBRC 100419T completely matches that of strain DSM 123T. In conclusion, the type strain of R. palustris ATH 2.1.6T is correctly represented by DSM 123T and NBRC 100419T. However, the deposit at ATCC 17001 has properties that do not conform with properties of authentic R. palustris, but rather indicate that this is a strain of R. rutila. The previously suggested assignment of the type strain of R. palustris DSM 123T to the new species R. pseudopalustris was incorrect because strain DSM 123T is the authentic type strain of R. palustris.


Asunto(s)
Filogenia , Rhodopseudomonas/clasificación , Secuencia de Aminoácidos , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , ADN Bacteriano/genética , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3809-3815, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496177

RESUMEN

A Gram-stain-negative, short rod-shaped, yellow bacterium (strain LMO-1T) was isolated from deep-sea sediment of the Mariana Trench, Challenger Deep. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain LMO-1T belonged to genus Sphingomonas, with the highest sequence similarity to Sphingomonas formosensis CC-Nfb-2T (96.3 %), followed by Sphingomonas prati W18RDT (96.1 %), Sphingomonas arantia 6PT (96.0 %) and Sphingomonas montana W16RDT (95.9 %). The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The main cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and C14 : 0 2-OH. The major polyamine was sym-homospermidine and the predominant isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-10. The genome DNA G+C content of strain LMO-1T was 69.2 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain LMO-1T and CC-Nfb-2T were 75.9 and 20.5 %, respectively. Based on these data, LMO-1T should be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas profundi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LMO-1T (=MCCC 1K04066T=JCM 33666T).


Asunto(s)
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiología , Filogenia , Agua de Mar/microbiología , Sphingomonas/clasificación , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Océano Pacífico , Fosfolípidos/química , Pigmentación , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Espermidina/análogos & derivados , Espermidina/química , Sphingomonas/aislamiento & purificación , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3888-3898, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496180

RESUMEN

A Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, gliding motility, none-spore forming, yellow, rods bacterial strain, designated XS-5T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of Suaeda salsa, in Tumd Right Banner, Inner Mongolia, PR China. A phylogenetic tree based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences and the phylogenomic tree both showed that strain XS-5T clustered with Flavobacterium beibuense F44-8T (shared 97.2 % of 16S rRNA gene similarity) and Flavobacterium rakeshii FCS-5T (97.6 %), and shared <96.0 % of 16S rRNA gene similarities with all other type strains. Strain XS-5T contained MK-6 as the major respiratory quinone. Its major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid and an unidentified lipid; and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, Summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1 ω7c), and Summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1 ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl). The genome consisted of a 3 985 855 bp circular chromosome, with a G+C content of 37.9 mol%, predicting 3616 coding sequences genes, 45 tRNA genes and three rRNA operons. The average nucleotide identity, amino acid identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain XS-5T to F. beibuense F44-8T and F. rakeshii FCS-5T were 79.2 and 79.2 %, 81.7 and 81.6 %, 22.3 and 22.2 %, respectively. The results of phylogenetic, physiological and biochemical tests allowed the discrimination of strain XS-5T from its phylogenetic relatives. Flavobacterium alkalisoli sp. nov. is therefore proposed with strain XS-5T (=CGMCC 1.17077T=KCTC 72459T) as the type strain.


Asunto(s)
Chenopodiaceae/microbiología , Flavobacterium/clasificación , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiología del Suelo , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , China , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Flavobacterium/aislamiento & purificación , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolípidos/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3865-3871, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496183

RESUMEN

A Gram-reaction-positive, endospore-forming bacterium, designated strain P1T, was isolated from water samples collected from Pasinler Hot Spring and characterized using a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Strain P1T was found to have chemotaxonomic and morphological characteristics consistent with its classification in the genus Bacillus. The strain shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence identity values with Bacillus thermolactis R-6488T (97.6 %) and Bacillus kokeshiiformis MO-04T (97.2 %) and formed a distinct clade with both type strains in the phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. Strain P1T could grow optimally at 55 °C and in the presence of 2 % NaCl. The organism was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol. The predominant menaquinone was determined to be MK-7. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. Based upon the consensus of phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses, strain P1T represents a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus pasinlerensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is P1T (=DSM 107529T=CECT 9885T=NCCB 100674T).


Asunto(s)
Bacillus/clasificación , Manantiales de Aguas Termales/microbiología , Filogenia , Bacillus/aislamiento & purificación , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Grasos/química , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolípidos/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Turquia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3859-3864, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501195

RESUMEN

A novel bacterial strain, designated ysch24T, was isolated from a forest soil sample collected from the Cat Tien National Park, southern Vietnam. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, gliding, filamentous or rod-shaped. The results of 16S rRNA gene analyses revealed that strain ysch24T belongs to the genus Chitinophaga, and was most closely related to Chitinophaga silvisoli GDMCC 1.1411T (97.4 %), followed by Chitinophaga oryziterrae JCM 16595T (97.3 %) and Chitinophaga sancti NBRC 15057T (96.9 %). The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain ysch24T and closely related type strains were 72.0-74.0 % and 19.1-19.4 %, respectively. Major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1 ω5c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and the predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone 7. Polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified aminophospholipids, two unidentified phospholipids and four unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 45.6 mol%. The study clearly showed that strain ysch24T should represent a novel species of the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga tropicalis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ysch24T (=GDMCC 1.1355T=KACC 21527T).


Asunto(s)
Bacteroidetes/clasificación , Bosques , Filogenia , Microbiología del Suelo , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/aislamiento & purificación , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolípidos/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Vietnam , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3852-3858, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501198

RESUMEN

A novel marine actinobacterium, strain SCSIO 58843T, was isolated from the sediment sample collected from the South China Sea. Strain SCSIO 58843T was Gram-stain-positive, aerobic and rod shaped. The whole-cell hydrolysis of amino acids contained dd-DAP, alanine, glutamic acid, glycine and aspartic acid. The main menaquinone was MK-9(H8). The major fatty acids were C17 : 1 ω8c and C17 : 0. The major phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phospatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylinositolmannoside (PIM). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 72.5 %. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain SCSIO 58843T formed a new lineage in the family Iamiaceae and had the highest similarity of 93.8 % with Iamia majanohamensis DSM 19957T. Strain SCSIO 58843T can be distinguished from these known genera in the family Iamiaceae by polyphasic data analyses, and represents a novel genus and novel species, for which Actinomarinicola tropica gen. nov., sp. nov is proposed with the type strain SCSIO 58843T(=KCTC 49408T=CGMCC 1.17503T).


Asunto(s)
Actinobacteria/clasificación , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiología , Filogenia , Agua de Mar/microbiología , Actinobacteria/aislamiento & purificación , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , China , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Fosfolípidos/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3639-3646, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501783

RESUMEN

A Gram-stain-negative, microaerophilic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium strain designated PMP191FT, was isolated from a human peritoneal tumour. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the organism formed a lineage within the family Chitinophagaceae that was distinct from members of the genus Pseudoflavitalea (95.1-95.2 % sequence similarity) and Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans (94.4 % sequence similarity). The average nucleotide identity values between strain PMP191FT and Pseudoflavitalea rhizosphaerae T16R-265T and Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans Gsoil 221T was 68.9 and 62.3% respectively. The only respiratory quinone of strain PMP191FT was MK-7 and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c). The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine and some unidentified amino and glycolipids. The G+C content of strain PMP191FT calculated from the genome sequence was 43.4 mol%. Based on phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic evidence, strain PMP191FT represents a novel species and genus for which the name Parapseudoflavitalea muciniphila gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PMP191FT (=DSM 104999T=ATCC BAA-2857T = CCUG 72691T). The phylogenetic analyses also revealed that Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans shared over 98 % sequence similarly to members of the genus Pseudoflavitalea. However, the average nucleotide identity value between Pseudoflavitalea rhizosphaerae T16R-265T, the type species of the genus and Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans Gsoil 221T was 86.8 %. Therefore, we also propose that Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans be reclassified as Pseudoflavitalea ginsenosidimutans comb. nov.


Asunto(s)
Bacteroidetes/clasificación , Neoplasias Peritoneales/microbiología , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/aislamiento & purificación , Baltimore , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Glucolípidos/química , Humanos , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3905-3911, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501785

RESUMEN

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain YJ09T, was isolated from spinach farming field soil at Shinan in the Republic of Korea. Cells of strain YJ09T were found to be strictly aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming creamy-yellow rods which can grow at 20-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and at salinities of 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 % NaCl). The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain YJ09T belongs to the genus Sphingomonas with high sequence similarities to Sphingomonas parvus GP20-2 T (98.0 %), Sphingomonas agri HKS-06T (97.7 %) and Sphingomonas lutea JS5T (97.4 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain YJ09T formed a distinct phyletic line in the genus Sphingomonas and the results of DNA-DNA relatedness studies demonstrated that strain YJ09T could be separated from its closest relatives in the genus Sphingomonas. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified glycolipids, an unidentified phospholipid and sphingoglycolipid. The predominant ubiquinone and polyamine components were Q-10 and spermidine, respectively. The major fatty acids were C18:1 ω7c, C16  : 0 and C16:1 ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH. The DNA G+C content of this novel isolate was 65.9 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic properties and phylogenetic analyses in this study, strain YJ09T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas segetis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YJ09T (=KACC 19551T=NBRC 113247T).


Asunto(s)
Granjas , Filogenia , Microbiología del Suelo , Sphingomonas/clasificación , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolípidos/química , Pigmentación , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , República de Corea , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Espermidina/química , Spinacia oleracea , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3597-3605, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501786

RESUMEN

Strains of a Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacterium, designated MY50T, MY63 and MY101, were isolated from wound samples of three hospitalized patients in Yangon, Myanmar. Strains MY50T, MY63 and MY101 grew at temperatures of 4-44 °C, in media containing 1.0-7.0 % (w/v) NaCl and at pH 6.0-9.5. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequences showed that these strains belonged to the genus Pseudomonas and were part of the Pseudomonas oleovorans group and located close to Pseudomonas guguanensis and Pseudomonas mendocina. Whole-genome comparisons, using average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization analyses, confirmed that strains MY50T, MY63 and MY101 were the same strain and they were a distinct species in the P. oleovorans group. Results of phenotypic characterization tests demonstrated that utilization of p-hydroxy-phenylacetic acid, glycerol, l-pyroglutamic acid and quinic acid could distinguish these strains from other species of the P. oleovorans group. These genetic and phenotypic characteristics suggest that they should be classified as representing a novel species, under the proposed name Pseudomonas yangonensis sp. nov. The type strain is MY50T (=LMG 31602T,=JCM 33396T), with a DNA G+C content of 62.82 mol%.


Asunto(s)
Filogenia , Pseudomonas/clasificación , Heridas y Traumatismos/microbiología , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Hospitales , Humanos , Mianmar , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Pseudomonas/aislamiento & purificación , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3775-3784, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501787

RESUMEN

Six isolates of Campylobacter with similar non-standard colonial morphologies were identified during studies isolating Campylobacter from bird faeces and rivers in New Zealand. Genomic (16S rRNA gene sequencing and whole genome analysis) and phenotypic (MALDI-TOF analysis and conventional biochemical tests) showed that the isolates form a monophyletic clade with genetic relationships to Campylobacter coli/Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter peloridis/Campylobacter amoricus. They may be distinguished from other Campylobacter by their MALDI-TOF spectral pattern, their florid α-haemolysis, their ability to grow anaerobically at 37 °C, and on 2 % NaCl nutrient agar, and their lack of hippuricase. This study shows that these isolates represent a novel species within the genus Campylobacter for which the name Campylobacter novaezeelandiae sp. nov. is proposed. The presence of C. novaezeelandiae in water may be a confounder for freshwater microbial risk assessment as they may not be pathogenic for humans. The type strain is B423bT (=NZRM 4741T=ATCC TSD-167T).


Asunto(s)
Aves/microbiología , Campylobacter/clasificación , Heces/microbiología , Filogenia , Ríos/microbiología , Animales , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , Campylobacter/aislamiento & purificación , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Nueva Zelanda , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3832-3838, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511084

RESUMEN

Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped bacterial strains, designated SSM26T and SSM44, were isolated from a sea surface microlayer sample from the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains SSM26T and SSM44 revealed a clear affiliation with the genus Pseudomonas. Based on the results of phylogenetic analysis, strains SSM26T and SSM44 showed the closest phylogenetic relationship with the species Pseudomonas sabulinigri KCTC 22137T with the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity level of 98.5 %. Strains SSM26T and SSM44 grew optimally at 30 °C, pH 7.0-7.5 and 0.5-10.0 % NaCl (w/v). The major cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1 ω7c (31.3-34.9 %), C16 : 0 (15.5-20.2 %), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c; 19.5-25.4 %) and C12 : 0 (6.0-9.3 %). The genomic DNA G+C content of each strain was 56.2 mol%. Genomic relatedness analyses based on the average nucleotide identity and the genome-to-genome distance showed that strains SSM26T and SSM44 constituted a single species that was clearly distinguishable from its phylogenetically close relatives. The combined phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genomic and phylogenetic data also showed that strains SSM26T and SSM44 could be distinguished from validly published members of the genus Pseudomonas. Thus, these strains should be classified as representing a novel species in the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas neustonica sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain SSM26T (=KCCM 43193T=JCM 31284T=PAMC 28426T) and a sister strain SSM44 (=KCCM 43194=JCM 31285=PAMC 28427).


Asunto(s)
Filogenia , Pseudomonas/clasificación , Agua de Mar/microbiología , Regiones Antárticas , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Pseudomonas/aislamiento & purificación , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3912-3920, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511088

RESUMEN

Strain MC02T, a Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, was isolated from field soil collected from California, USA. To examine if MC02T represents a novel species, we compared its colony morphology, 16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequence, and its metabolic phenotype using Biolog GenIII and MALDI-TOF analyses compared to reference strains. Based on 16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequencing, MC02T belongs to the genus Massilia and Massilia agri K-3-1T is the most similar strain with 96.97 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identity. MALDI-TOF analysis revealed that Massilia aerilata DSM19289T is the closest match, but the similarity score was much lower than the ≥1.7 threshold for a reliable identification at the genus level. The predominant fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1⍵7c and/or C16 : 1⍵6c; 49.07 %) and C16 : 0 (30.01 %). The genome is 5.02 Mbp and the G+C content is 66.2 mol%. Whole genome comparisons to the closest related strains revealed an average amino acid identity value of 67.4 %, an OrthoANI similarity of 77.1 %, and a DNA-DNA-hybridization probability ≥70 %, confirming that MC02T represents a novel species. Strain MC02T can grow at pH 6 but not at pH 5, and a salt concentration of ≥1 % inhibits its growth. In contrast to other Massilia strains, MC02T can utilize turanose, inosine and l-serine. The genome of MC02T shows putative endophyte genes such as a nitrate reductase, several phosphatases, and biotin biosynthesis genes, 26 flagellar motility genes and 14 invasion and intracellular resistance genes. Based on its metabolic, physiological and genomic characteristics, we propose that strain MC02T (NRRL B-65554T=ATCC TSD-200T=LMG 31737T) represents a novel species of the genus Massilia with the name Massilia arenosa sp. nov.


Asunto(s)
Oxalobacteraceae/clasificación , Filogenia , Microbiología del Suelo , Zea mays , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , California , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Oxalobacteraceae/aislamiento & purificación , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3749-3754, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519941

RESUMEN

Three strains representing the previously uncultured human oral Tannerella taxon HMT-286 were recently isolated from the subgingival plaque of a patient with chronic periodontitis. The phenotypic and genetic features of strain SP18_26T were compared to those of the type species of Tannerella, Tannerella forsythia. A genome size of 2.97 Mbp (G+C content 56.5 mol%) was previously reported for SP18_26T, compared to a size of 3.28 Mbp (47.1 mol%) in T. forsythia ATCC 43037T. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons also revealed 94.3 % sequence identity with T. forsythia ATCC 43037T. Growth was stimulated by supplementation of media with N-acetyl muramic acid, as seen with T. forsythia, but the cells displayed a distinctive snake-like morphology. Fatty acid methyl ester analysis revealed a profile differing from T. forsythia, chiefly in the amount of 3-OH-16 : 0 (four-fold lower in SP18_26T). Overall, metabolic enzyme activity also differed from T. forsythia, with enzyme activity for indole present, but the complement of glycoside hydrolase enzyme activity was smaller than T. forsythia, for example, lacking sialidase and N-acetyl-ß-glucosaminidase - evidence backed up by analysis of its gene content. On the basis of these results, a new species Tannerella serpentiformis is proposed for which the type strain is SP18_26T (=DSM 102894T=JCM 31303T).


Asunto(s)
Bacteroidetes/clasificación , Boca/microbiología , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/aislamiento & purificación , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Femenino , Humanos , Londres , Ácidos Murámicos , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3845-3851, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501782

RESUMEN

A novel endophytic actinomycete, designated strain p1410T, was isolated from the root of cattail pollen (Typha angustifolia L.) and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain had morphological characteristics and chemotaxonomic properties identical to those of members of the genus Nonomuraea. It produced spiral chains of spores on aerial mycelium as well as forming a pseudosporangium. Whole-cell hydrolysates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, glucose, ribose and madurose. The menaquinones detected were MK-9(H2), MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H0). The major fatty acids were 10-methyl C17 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C17 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxyphosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and an unknown glycolipid. The DNA G+C content of the draft genome sequence, consisting of 11.4 Mbp, was 70.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain p1410T belongs to the genus Nonomuraea with the highest sequence similarity to Nonomuraea candida HMC10T (98.6 %), but phylogenetically clustered with Nonomuraea endophytica YIM 65601T (98.4 %) and Nonomuraea longicatena NRRL 15532T (98.3 %). Based on its phenotypic characteristics, DNA-DNA relatedness and average nucleotide identity, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Nonomuraea, for which the name Nonomuraea typhae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is p1410T (=CCTCC AA 2019044T=JCM 33461T).


Asunto(s)
Actinobacteria/clasificación , Filogenia , Raíces de Plantas/microbiología , Typhaceae/microbiología , Actinobacteria/aislamiento & purificación , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , China , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Grasos/química , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3872-3877, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511087

RESUMEN

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile by single polar flagellum and ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated JBTF-M18T, was isolated from tidal-flat sediment collected from the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain JBTF-M18T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of Shewanella species. Strain JBTF-M18T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 97.1-98.8 % to the type strains of S. loihica, S. aquimarina, S. waksmanii and S. marisflavi and of less than 96.9 % to the type strains of the other Shewanella species. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain JBTF-M18T and the type strains of S. waksmanii and S. loihica were 72.0 and 89.5% and 18.9 and 38.1 %, respectively. DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain JBTF-M18T and the type strains of S. aquimarina and S. marisflavi were 14 and 19 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain JBTF-M18T from genomic sequence data was 52.9 %. Strain JBTF-M18Tcontained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone and Q-7 and Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinones. It had iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and C16 : 0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain JBTF-M18T were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Distinguished phenotypic properties, along with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain JBTF-M18T is separated from recognized Shewanella species. On the basis of the data presented, strain JBTF-M18T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Shewanella, for which the name Shewanella insulae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JBTF-M18T (=KACC 19869T=NBRC 113583T).


Asunto(s)
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiología , Filogenia , Agua de Mar/microbiología , Shewanella/clasificación , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfatidilgliceroles/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , República de Corea , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Shewanella/aislamiento & purificación
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2499-2508, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559826

RESUMEN

An aerobic methane oxidizing bacterium, designated XLMV4T, was isolated from the oxic surface layer of an oil sands tailings pond in Alberta, Canada. Strain XLMV4T is capable of growth on methane and methanol as energy sources. NH4Cl and sodium nitrate are nitrogen sources. Cells are Gram-negative, beige to yellow-pigmented, motile (via a single polar flagellum), short rods 2.0-3.3 µm in length and 1.0-1.6 µm in width. A thick capsule is produced. Surface glycoprotein or cup shape proteins typical of the genera Methylococcus, Methylothermus and Methylomicrobium were not observed. Major isoprenoid quinones are Q-8 and Q-7 at an approximate molar ratio of 71 : 22. Major polar lipids are phosphoglycerol and ornithine lipids. Major fatty acids are C16 : 1 ω8+C16 : 1 ω7 (34 %), C16 : 1 ω5 (16 %), and C18 : 1 ω7 (11 %). Optimum growth is observed at pH 8.0 and 25 °C. The DNA G+C content based on a draft genome sequence is 46.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA genes and a larger set of conserved genes place strain XLMV4T within the class Gammaproteobacteria and family Methylococcaceae, most closely related to members of the genera Methylomicrobium and Methylobacter (95.0-97.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identity). In silico genomic predictions of DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain XLMV4T to the nearest phylogenetic neighbours were all below 26 %. On the basis of the data presented, strain XLMV4T is considered to represent a new genus and species for which the name Methylicorpusculum oleiharenae is proposed. Strain XLMV4T (=DSMZ DSM 27269=ATCC TSD-186) is the type strain.


Asunto(s)
Methylococcaceae/clasificación , Yacimiento de Petróleo y Gas/microbiología , Filogenia , Estanques/microbiología , Alberta , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Metano/metabolismo , Metanol/metabolismo , Methylococcaceae/aislamiento & purificación , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Pigmentación , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Ubiquinona/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2435-2439, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559833

RESUMEN

A bacterial strain, designated GEM5T, was isolated from sand soil samples from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The polyphasic study confirmed the affiliation of the isolate with the genus Massilia. GEM5T had Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped cells and grew at 4-30 °C, pH 6-8 and with 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl. Its cell wall contained ribose. Q8 was the predominant respiratory quinone, and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c/ω7c) and C16 : 0 were the major components of the fatty acids. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phospholipid, an unidentified aminolipid and four unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content was 65.1 mol%. The phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene showed a stable clade being formed by GEM5T, Massilia timonae CCUG 45783T (97.94 %) and Massilia oculi CCUG 43427AT (97.58 %). The average nucleotide identity (ANIb) values between GEM5T and M. timonae CCUG 45783T, M.oculi CCUG 43427AT were 91.3 and 91.7 %, respectively. On the basis of the morphological, physiological and chemotaxonomic pattern, it was proposed that strain GEM5T (=JCM 32744T=CICC 24458T) should be classified as representing a member of the genus Massilia with the name Massilia arenae sp. nov.


Asunto(s)
Oxalobacteraceae/clasificación , Filogenia , Arena/microbiología , Microbiología del Suelo , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico , Oxalobacteraceae/aislamiento & purificación , Fosfolípidos/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Tibet , Ubiquinona/química
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