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1.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 35(2): 60-64, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555718

RESUMEN

Presence of support persons enhances patient and family satisfaction. The introduction of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted hospital operations and has reduced visitation. A virtual visitation program was implemented in critical care units to replicate visitation by video chat to ease stress on patients and family members to improve communication.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Telecomunicaciones/normas , Visitas a Pacientes , Actitud del Personal de Salud , /transmisión , Cuidados Críticos/tendencias , Familia/psicología , Humanos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/organización & administración , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/tendencias , Pandemias/prevención & control , Pacientes/psicología , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias
3.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238451, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881917

RESUMEN

Organizational effectiveness is contingent upon employees' contributions; however, the role of employee voice behavior as a critical component of employees' contribution to the organization has not been sufficiently acknowledged. Based on proactive behavior theory, we present a model to investigate employee voice behavior as an underlying mechanism in the relationship between supervisor delegation and perceived workplace inclusion. Using the SEM (structural equation modeling) method, we test our model's hypotheses with data from 271 employee-supervisor questionnaires administered in state-owned enterprises in the telecommunications industry. The results show that supervisor delegation is positively related to employees' promotive and prohibitive voice behavior. Promotive voice significantly influences perceived workplace inclusion, but prohibitive voice behavior was not found to have any impact on perceived workplace inclusion. Moreover, both dimensions of voice behavior, i.e., promotive and prohibitive voice behavior, significantly mediate the relationship between supervisor delegation and perceived workplace inclusion.


Asunto(s)
Empleo/organización & administración , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias , Calidad de la Voz/fisiología , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Industrias , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cultura Organizacional , Organizaciones , Fonación/fisiología , Conducta Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Voz/fisiología , Lugar de Trabajo/organización & administración
4.
J Exp Med ; 217(9)2020 09 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735327

RESUMEN

COVID-19 abruptly halted scientific conferences and seminars in mid-March, forcing the scientific community to either postpone or adapt to a virtual format. We caught up with Carla V. Rothlin, Elina I. Zúñiga, Hongbo Chi, Rino Rappuoli, and Matthew Krummel to find out about the pros and cons of virtual conferences and seminars and how these could change the nature of scientific conferences. Carla (CVR) and Elina (EIZ) established Global ImmunoTalks in April this year; Hongbo (HC) helped organize the Immunometabolism Mini-Symposia series in May and June; Rino (RR) was one of the scientific organizers of the Transforming Vaccinology Keystone, which moved to a virtual format in June; and Matthew (MK) has been organizing Eco Seminars at the University of California, San Francisco since 2019.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias , Betacoronavirus , Investigación Biomédica/tendencias , California , Comunicación , Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Humanos , Pandemias , Investigadores , Programas Informáticos
5.
Oncology (Williston Park) ; 34(7): 244, 2020 07 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674205

RESUMEN

Now that the world has been dealing with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic for several months, we have learned so much. Some of the modifications we have made have been "good" and will hopefully help oncology care, education, and research going forward. Here are some of the issues and changes that the pandemic engendered.


Asunto(s)
Innovación Organizacional , Telemedicina/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Investigación Biomédica , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto/métodos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Detección Precoz del Cáncer/métodos , Detección Precoz del Cáncer/tendencias , Humanos , Oncología Médica/métodos , Oncología Médica/organización & administración , Oncología Médica/tendencias , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias
6.
Eur Urol ; 78(3): 301-303, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334884

RESUMEN

The speed and reach of the COVID-19 pandemic have forced rapid changes in how we conduct medical practice and research. The rapid evolution in how scientific meetings are conducted may have long-term benefits. A new reality in which technology and sociality are merged may offer a more engaging and adaptable scientific congress experience with more flexible and dynamic use of content modulated to the needs of each attendee.


Asunto(s)
Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Congresos como Asunto , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Telecomunicaciones , Betacoronavirus , Congresos como Asunto/organización & administración , Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Predicción , Humanos , Invenciones , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Telecomunicaciones/organización & administración , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias
7.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101777

RESUMEN

RESUMEN La pandemia actual por SARS-CoV-2 presenta desafíos específicos para los profesionales de salud en el campo de la atención sanitaria. En este contexto de emergencia, la comunicación de malas noticias toma especial relevancia por el modo particular en que debe llevarse a cabo: la necesidad de mantener distanciamiento sanitario y las restricciones de movilidad impuestas a la población general hacen que esta tarea deba ser realizada, muchas veces, de manera remota, en su mayoría mediante llamados telefónicos. Esto enfrenta a los profesionales a una serie de obstáculos particulares: a) la mayoría de ellos poseen escasa o nula formación sobre esta clase de habilidades comunicativas, b) la comunicación efectiva de malas noticias depende, en gran parte, del lenguaje corporal utilizado, ausente en este tipo de intercambios, y c) dado que este tipo de diálogo remoto no es recomendable -con excepción de circunstancias particulares como la actual- existe escasa literatura disponible para guiar a quienes deben cumplir esta tarea. Este manuscrito ofrece recomendaciones sobre pautas básicas para la comunicación remota de malas noticias por teléfono, en situaciones en las cuales no se pueda llevar a cabo esta tarea de forma presencial. Se presenta una propuesta estructurada en torno de cuatro "momentos" para orientar la transmisión de malas noticias a distancia, con el fin de mejorar los cuidados a pacientes, familiares y cuidadores durante este intercambio y también reducir el impacto negativo que este intercambio tiene sobre los profesionales de la salud.(AU)


ABSTRACT The current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic presents specific challenges for health professionals in the healthcare setting. In this emergency context, the communication of bad news is especially relevant because of the particular way it must be done: the need to maintain social distance or mobility restrictions imposed on the general population means that this task must often be carried out remotely, mostly by telephone calls. This confronts professionals with a number of particular obstacles: a) most of them have little or no training in this kind of communication skills, b) effective communication of bad news largely depends on body language, which is absent in this type of exchange, and c) since this type of remote dialogue is not recommended — except in particular circumstances such as the current ones — there is little literature available to guide the professionals who must carry out this task. This manuscript offers recommendations for remote communication of bad news by telephone, applicable to situations in which this task cannot be carried out in person. A proposal structured around four "moments" is presented to guide the remote transmission of bad news in order to improve the care of patients, families and caregivers during this exchange and to reduce the negative impact from it on health professionals.(AU)


RESUMO A actual pandemia do SARS-CoV-2 apresenta desafios específicos para os profissionais de saúde na área da saúde. Neste contexto de emergência, a comunicação de más notícias é particularmente relevante devido à forma específica como deve ser feita: a necessidade de manter a distância social ou as restrições de mobilidade impostas à população em geral implica que esta tarefa seja frequentemente realizada à distância, sobretudo através de chamadas telefónicas. Isto confronta os profissionais com uma série de obstáculos particulares: a) a maioria deles tem pouca ou nenhuma formação neste tipo de competências de comunicação, b) a comunicação eficaz de más notícias depende, em grande medida, da linguagem corporal utilizada, que está ausente neste tipo de intercâmbio, e c) como este tipo de diálogo à distância não é recomendado - excepto em circunstâncias particulares como a actual - há pouca literatura disponível para orientar aqueles que devem realizar esta tarefa. Este manuscrito oferece recomendações sobre a comunicação à distância de más notícias por telefone para situações em que esta tarefa não pode ser realizada pessoalmente. É apresentada uma proposta estruturada em torno de quatro "momentos" para orientar a transmissão de más notícias à distância, a fim de melhorar os cuidados prestados aos doentes, às famílias e aos prestadores de cuidados durante este intercâmbio e também para reduzir o impacto negativo que este intercâmbio tem sobre os profissionais de saúde.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Educación Médica/métodos , Comunicación en Salud/métodos , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias
8.
ACS Nano ; 13(8): 9112-9121, 2019 08 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291097

RESUMEN

While luminescent concentrators (LCs) are mainly designed to harvest sunlight and convert its energy into electricity, the same concept can be advantageous in alternative applications. Examples of such applications are demonstrated here by coupling the edge-guided light of high-performance LCs based on CuInSexS2-x/ZnS quantum dots into optical fibers with emission covering visible-to-NIR spectral regions. In particular, a cost-efficient, miniature broadband light source for medical diagnostics, a spectral-conversion and light-guiding device for agriculture, and a large-area broadband tunable detector for telecommunications are demonstrated. Various design considerations and performance optimization approaches are discussed and summarized. Prototypes of the devices are manufactured and tested. Individual elements of the broadband light source show coupling efficiencies up to 1%, which is sufficient to saturate typical fiber-coupled spectrometers at a minimal integration time of 1 ms using 100 mW blue excitation. Agricultural devices are capable of delivering ∼10% of photosynthetically active radiation (per device) converted from absorbed sunlight to the lower canopy of plants, which boosted the tomato yield in a commercial greenhouse by 7% (fresh weight). Finally, large-scale prototype detectors can be used to discern time-modulated unfocused signals with an average power as low as 1 µW, which would be useful for free-space telecommunication systems. Fully optimized devices are expected to make significant impacts on speed and bandwidth of free-space telecommunication systems, medical diagnostics, and greenhouse crop yields.


Asunto(s)
Fibras Ópticas , Puntos Cuánticos/química , Energía Solar , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias , Agricultura/tendencias , Técnicas de Laboratorio Clínico/tendencias , Humanos , Iluminación , Luminiscencia , Puntos Cuánticos/uso terapéutico , Refractometría , Luz Solar
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(7): 3121-3128, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002166

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to review the current literature on electromagnetic radiation (EMR): physical, biophysical, and telecommunication. The widespread application of EMR in modern technologies requires telecommunication and healthcare professionals to possess some knowledge of its physical and biological properties. In this review article, we will discuss biophysical principles of EMR, its interactions with living organisms and its application in clinical practices. We will discuss here beneficial as well as hazardous effects of EMR. We will also discuss the safety guidelines.


Asunto(s)
Diagnóstico por Imagen/efectos adversos , Campos Electromagnéticos/efectos adversos , Radiación Electromagnética , Animales , Diagnóstico por Imagen/tendencias , Humanos , Teléfono Inteligente/tendencias , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias
11.
Astrobiology ; 19(3): 478-496, 2019 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840502

RESUMEN

There is a synergistic relationship between analog field testing and the deep space telecommunication capabilities necessary for future human exploration. The BASALT (Biologic Analog Science Associated with Lava Terrains) research project developed and implemented a telecommunications architecture that serves as a high-fidelity analog of future telecommunication capabilities for Mars. This paper presents the architecture and its constituent elements. The rationale for the various protocols and radio frequency (RF) link types required to enable an interdisciplinary field mission are discussed, and the performance results from the BASALT field tests are provided. Extravehicular Informatics Backpacks (EVIB) designed for BASALT and tested by human subjects are also discussed, and the proceeding sections show how these prototype extravehicular activity (EVA) information systems can augment future human exploration. The paper concludes with an aggregate analysis of the data product types and data volumes generated, transferred, and utilized by the ground team and explorers over the course of the field deployments.


Asunto(s)
Exobiología/organización & administración , Medio Ambiente Extraterrestre , Marte , Vuelo Espacial/organización & administración , Telecomunicaciones/organización & administración , Exobiología/tendencias , Predicción , Humanos , Sistemas de Información/organización & administración , Sistemas de Información/tendencias , Vuelo Espacial/tendencias , Simulación del Espacio/métodos , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias , Estados Unidos , United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
13.
Child Dev ; 89(1): 17-26, 2018 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28478655

RESUMEN

New technology poses new moral problems for children to consider. We examined whether children deem object tracking with a mobile GPS device to be a property right. In three experiments, 329 children (4-10 years) and adults were asked whether it is acceptable to track the location of either one's own or another person's possessions using a mobile GPS device. Young children, like adults, viewed object tracking as relatively more acceptable for owners than nonowners. However, whereas adults expressed negative evaluations of someone tracking another person's possessions, young children expressed positive evaluations of this behavior. These divergent moral judgments of digital tracking at different ages have profound implications for how concepts of digital privacy develop and for the digital security of children.


Asunto(s)
Desarrollo Infantil/fisiología , Juicio/fisiología , Principios Morales , Privacidad , Telecomunicaciones/ética , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias , Adulto Joven
14.
Arch Ital Urol Androl ; 88(3): 206-207, 2016 Oct 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27711099

RESUMEN

Telemedicine is the use of medical information exchanged from one site to another via electronic communications to improve a patient's clinical health status. Telemedicine includes a growing variety of applications and services using two-way video, email, smart phones, wireless tools and other forms of telecommunications technology. Starting out over forty years ago with demonstrations of hospitals extending care to patients in remote areas, the use of telemedicine has spread rapidly and is now becoming integrated into the ongoing operations of hospitals, specialty departments, home health agencies, private physician offices as well as consumer's homes and workplaces. There's also a current trend in the use of telemedicine in urology. In the present paper we aimed to review the recent literature about telemedicine and the use of telerounding and telementoring in urological procedures.


Asunto(s)
Mentores , Telemedicina/métodos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Humanos , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias , Telemedicina/tendencias , Urología/métodos , Urología/tendencias
15.
Soins Gerontol ; 21(121): 21-23, 2016.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27664359

RESUMEN

New technologies offer a new approach to healthcare management that benefits the patient, especially at home: better living spaces, improved safety and preservation of communication. Professionals concerned and family caregivers should be trained in these new technologies to discover and explore everyday their possibilities and uses.


Asunto(s)
Enfermería Geriátrica/tendencias , Servicios de Atención a Domicilio Provisto por Hospital/tendencias , Mejoramiento de la Calidad/tendencias , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias , Telemetría/tendencias , Teleenfermería/tendencias , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Predicción , Francia , Humanos
20.
Semin Pediatr Surg ; 24(3): 134-7, 2015 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25976150

RESUMEN

Traditionally, pediatric surgical education consisted of exposure to patients, textbooks, lectures, team-based education, congresses, and workshops. Over the last decades, however, new information technology (IT) and the internet revolutionized the sharing of information and communication. IT has become relevant in particular for the younger generation of pediatric surgeons. Today, gaps in children's health and the quality of pediatric surgical education persist between countries and regions. Advances in health care are not shared equitably. The use of IT for resource libraries, teleconferences, virtual symposiums, and telementoring has great potential in closing this gap and meeting the global needs for pediatric surgical education. This article focuses on the potential role of IT in this respect.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía General/educación , Salud Global/tendencias , Informática Médica/tendencias , Pediatría/educación , Consulta Remota/tendencias , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias , Humanos
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