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1.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 326, 2024 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717487

RESUMEN

Aspartyl dipeptidase (dipeptidase E) can hydrolyze Asp-X dipeptides (where X is any amino acid), and the enzyme plays a key role in the degradation of peptides as nutrient sources. Dipeptidase E remains uncharacterized in Streptomyces. Orf2 from Streptomyces sp. 139 is located in the exopolysaccharide biosynthesis gene cluster, which may be a novel dipeptidase E with "S134-H170-D198" catalytic triad by sequence and structure comparison. Herein, recombinant Orf2 was expressed in E. coli and characterized dipeptidase E activity using the Asp-ρNA substrate. The optimal pH and temperature for Orf2 are 7.5 and 40 ℃; Vmax and Km of Orf2 are 0.0787 mM·min-1 and 1.709 mM, respectively. Orf2 exhibits significant degradation activities to Asp-Gly-Gly, Asp-Leu, Asp-His, and isoAsp-Leu and minimal activities to Asp-Pro and Asp-Ala. Orf2 contains a Ser-His-Asp catalytic triad characterized by point mutation. In addition, the Asp147 residue of Orf2 is also proven to be critical for the enzyme's activity through molecular docking and point mutation. Transcriptome analysis reveals the upregulation of genes associated with ribosomes, amino acid biosynthesis, and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis in the orf2 mutant strain. Compared with the orf2 mutant strain and WT, the yield of crude polysaccharide does not change significantly. However, crude polysaccharides from the orf2 mutant strain exhibit a wider range of molecular weight distribution. The results indicate that the Orf2 links nutrient stress to secondary metabolism as a novel dipeptidase E. KEY POINTS: • A novel dipeptidase E with a Ser-His-Asp catalytic triad was characterized from Streptomyces sp. 139. • Orf2 was involved in peptide metabolism both in vitro and in vivo. • Orf2 linked nutrient stress to mycelia formation and secondary metabolism in Streptomyces.


Asunto(s)
Escherichia coli , Streptomyces , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/enzimología , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Especificidad por Sustrato , Dipeptidasas/metabolismo , Dipeptidasas/genética , Dipeptidasas/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Bacterianas/genética , Proteínas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Proteínas Bacterianas/química , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Familia de Multigenes , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Dipéptidos/metabolismo , Temperatura , Cinética
2.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302142, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722957

RESUMEN

We explore theoretically Goos-Hänchen (GH) shift around the defect mode in superconducting defective photonic crystals (PCs) in cryogenic environment. The defective PCs are constructed by alternating semiconductors and superconductors. A defect mode arises in the photonic bandgap and sensitively depends on environment temperature and hydrostatic pressure. Reflection and transmission coefficient phases make an abruptly jump at the defect mode and giant GH shifts have been achieved around this mode. The maximum GH shift can get as high as 103λ (incident wavelength), which could be modulated by the values of temperature and hydrostatic pressure. This study may be utilized for pressure- or temperature-sensors in cryogenic environment.


Asunto(s)
Fotones , Cristalización , Superconductividad , Semiconductores , Presión Hidrostática , Temperatura
3.
Protein Sci ; 33(6): e4997, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723110

RESUMEN

Rieske oxygenases (ROs) are a diverse metalloenzyme class with growing potential in bioconversion and synthetic applications. We postulated that ROs are nonetheless underutilized because they are unstable. Terephthalate dioxygenase (TPADO PDB ID 7Q05) is a structurally characterized heterohexameric α3ß3 RO that, with its cognate reductase (TPARED), catalyzes the first intracellular step of bacterial polyethylene terephthalate plastic bioconversion. Here, we showed that the heterologously expressed TPADO/TPARED system exhibits only ~300 total turnovers at its optimal pH and temperature. We investigated the thermal stability of the system and the unfolding pathway of TPADO through a combination of biochemical and biophysical approaches. The system's activity is thermally limited by a melting temperature (Tm) of 39.9°C for the monomeric TPARED, while the independent Tm of TPADO is 50.8°C. Differential scanning calorimetry revealed a two-step thermal decomposition pathway for TPADO with Tm values of 47.6 and 58.0°C (ΔH = 210 and 509 kcal mol-1, respectively) for each step. Temperature-dependent small-angle x-ray scattering and dynamic light scattering both detected heat-induced dissociation of TPADO subunits at 53.8°C, followed by higher-temperature loss of tertiary structure that coincided with protein aggregation. The computed enthalpies of dissociation for the monomer interfaces were most congruent with a decomposition pathway initiated by ß-ß interface dissociation, a pattern predicted to be widespread in ROs. As a strategy for enhancing TPADO stability, we propose prioritizing the re-engineering of the ß subunit interfaces, with subsequent targeted improvements of the subunits.


Asunto(s)
Estabilidad de Enzimas , Oxidorreductasas/química , Oxidorreductasas/metabolismo , Proteínas Bacterianas/química , Proteínas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Proteínas Bacterianas/genética , Modelos Moleculares , Dioxigenasas/química , Dioxigenasas/metabolismo , Dioxigenasas/genética , Temperatura , Escherichia coli/enzimología , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Tereftalatos Polietilenos/química , Tereftalatos Polietilenos/metabolismo , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Complejo III de Transporte de Electrones
4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3473, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724563

RESUMEN

Neuronal differentiation-the development of neurons from neural stem cells-involves neurite outgrowth and is a key process during the development and regeneration of neural functions. In addition to various chemical signaling mechanisms, it has been suggested that thermal stimuli induce neuronal differentiation. However, the function of physiological subcellular thermogenesis during neuronal differentiation remains unknown. Here we create methods to manipulate and observe local intracellular temperature, and investigate the effects of noninvasive temperature changes on neuronal differentiation using neuron-like PC12 cells. Using quantitative heating with an infrared laser, we find an increase in local temperature (especially in the nucleus) facilitates neurite outgrowth. Intracellular thermometry reveals that neuronal differentiation is accompanied by intracellular thermogenesis associated with transcription and translation. Suppression of intracellular temperature increase during neuronal differentiation inhibits neurite outgrowth. Furthermore, spontaneous intracellular temperature elevation is involved in neurite outgrowth of primary mouse cortical neurons. These results offer a model for understanding neuronal differentiation induced by intracellular thermal signaling.


Asunto(s)
Diferenciación Celular , Neuronas , Transducción de Señal , Temperatura , Animales , Células PC12 , Neuronas/fisiología , Neuronas/citología , Ratones , Ratas , Proyección Neuronal , Neurogénesis/fisiología , Neuritas/metabolismo , Neuritas/fisiología , Células-Madre Neurales/citología , Células-Madre Neurales/metabolismo , Células-Madre Neurales/fisiología , Termometría/métodos , Termogénesis/fisiología
5.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0300577, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728344

RESUMEN

To quantitatively analyze the impact of climate variability and human activities on grassland productivity of China's Qilian Mountain National Park, this study used Carnegic-Ames-Stanford Approach model (CASA) and Integrated Vegetation model improved by the Comprehensive and Sequential Classification System (CSCS) to assess the trends of grassland NPP from 2000 to 2015, the residual trend analysis method was used to quantify the impact of human activities and climate change on the grassland based on the NPP changes. The actual grassland NPP accumulation mainly occurred in June, July and August (autumn); the actual NPP showed a fluctuating upward trend with an average increase of 2.2 g C·m-2 a-1, while the potential NPP increase of 1.6 g C·m-2 a-1 and human-induced NPP decreased of 0.5 g C·m-2 a-1. The annual temperature showed a fluctuating upward trend with an average increase of 0.1°C 10a-1, but annual precipitation showed a fluctuating upward trend with an average annual increase of 1.3 mm a-1 from 2000 to 2015. The area and NPP of grassland degradation caused by climate variability was significantly greater than that caused by human activities and mainly distributed in the northwest and central regions, but area and NPP of grassland restored caused by human activities was significantly greater than that caused by climate variability and mainly distributed in the southeast regions. In conclusion, grassland in Qilian Mountain National Park showed a trend of degradation based on distribution area, but showed a trend of restoration based on actual NPP. Climate variability was the main cause of grassland degradation in the northwestern region of study area, and restoration of grassland in the eastern region was the result of the combined effects of human activities and climate variability. Under global climate change, the establishment of Qilian Mountain National Park was of great significance to the grassland's protection and the grasslands ecological restoration that have been affected by humans.


Asunto(s)
Cambio Climático , Pradera , Actividades Humanas , Parques Recreativos , China , Humanos , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Clima , Ecosistema , Temperatura
6.
Luminescence ; 39(5): e4750, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733198

RESUMEN

Ultra-high thermally stable Ca2MgWO6:xSm3+ (x = 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.5 mol%) double perovskite phosphors were synthesized through solid-state reaction method. Product formation was confirmed by comparing the X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of the phosphors with the standard reference file. The structural, morphological, thermal, and optical properties of the prepared phosphor were examined in detail using XRD, Fourier transform infrared spectra, scanning electron microscopy, diffused reflectance spectra, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), photoluminescence emission, and temperature-dependent PLE (TDPL). It was seen that the phosphor exhibited emission in the reddish region for the near-ultraviolet excitation with moderate Colour Rendering Index values and high colour purity. The optimized phosphor (x = 1.25 mol%) was found to possess a direct optical band gap of 3.31 eV. TGA studies showed the astonishing thermal stability of the optimized phosphor. Additionally, near-zero thermal quenching was seen in TDPL due to elevated phonon-assisted radiative transition. Furthermore, the anti-Stokes and Stokes emission peaks were found to be sensitive toward the temperature change and followed a Boltzmann-type distribution. All these marked properties will make the prepared phosphors a suitable candidate for multifield applications and a fascinating material for further development.


Asunto(s)
Luminiscencia , Sustancias Luminiscentes , Samario , Temperatura , Compuestos de Tungsteno , Compuestos de Tungsteno/química , Sustancias Luminiscentes/química , Sustancias Luminiscentes/síntesis química , Samario/química , Mediciones Luminiscentes , Difracción de Rayos X , Compuestos de Calcio/química , Óxidos/química , Termogravimetría
7.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(5): 3011-3017, 2024 May 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689515

RESUMEN

Stabilization against the dilution-dependent disassembly of self-assembled nanoparticles is a requirement for in vivo application. Herein, we propose a simple and biocompatible cross-linking reaction for the stabilization of a series of nanoparticles formed by the self-assembly of amphiphilic HA-b-ELP block copolymers, through the alkylation of methionine residues from the ELP block with diglycidyl ether compounds. The core-cross-linked nanoparticles retain their colloidal properties, with a spherical core-shell morphology, while maintaining thermoresponsive behavior. As such, instead of a reversible disassembly when non-cross-linked, a reversible swelling of nanoparticles' core and increase of hydrodynamic diameter are observed with lowering of the temperature.


Asunto(s)
Reactivos de Enlaces Cruzados , Nanopartículas , Nanopartículas/química , Reactivos de Enlaces Cruzados/química , Temperatura , Polímeros/química , Elastina/química , Tamaño de la Partícula
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 668: 678-690, 2024 Aug 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710124

RESUMEN

Aerogels, as a unique porous material, are expected to be used as insulation materials to solve the global environmental and energy crisis. Using chitosan, citric acid, pectin and phytic acid as raw materials, an all-biomass-based aerogel with high modulus was prepared by the triple strategy of ionic, physical and chemical cross-linking through directional freezing technique. Based on this three-dimensional network, the aerogel exhibited excellent compressive modulus (24.89 ± 1.76 MPa) over a wide temperature range and thermal insulation properties. In the presence of chitosan, citric acid and phytic acid, the aerogel obtained excellent fire safety (LOI value up to 31.2%) and antibacterial properties (antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli reached 81.98% and 67.43%). In addition, the modified aerogel exhibited excellent hydrophobicity (hydrophobic angle of 146°) and oil-water separation properties. More importantly, the aerogel exhibited a biodegradation rate of up to 40.31% for 35 days due to its all-biomass nature. This work provides a green and sustainable strategy for the production of highly environmentally friendly thermal insulation materials with high strength, flame retardant, antibacterial and hydrophobic properties.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos , Quitosano , Ácido Cítrico , Escherichia coli , Geles , Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli/efectos de los fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efectos de los fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Antibacterianos/química , Geles/química , Quitosano/química , Ácido Cítrico/química , Biomasa , Interacciones Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Porosidad , Ácido Fítico/química , Pectinas/química , Reactivos de Enlaces Cruzados/química , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Propiedades de Superficie , Tamaño de la Partícula , Temperatura
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10679, 2024 05 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724534

RESUMEN

The supercritical antisolvent (SAS) process was a green alternative to improve the low bioavailability of insoluble drugs. However, it is difficult for SAS process to industrialize with limited production capacity. A coaxial annular nozzle was used to prepare the microcapsules of aprepitant (APR) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) by SAS with N, N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) as solvent. Meanwhile, the effects of polymer/drug ratio, operating pressure, operating temperature and overall concentration on particles morphology, mean particle diameter and size distribution were analyzed. Microcapsules with mean diameters ranging from 2.04 µm and 9.84 µm were successfully produced. The morphology, particle size, thermal behavior, crystallinity, drug content, drug dissolution and residual amount of DMF of samples were analyzed. The results revealed that the APR drug dissolution of the microcapsules by SAS process was faster than the unprocessed APR. Furthermore, the drug powder collected every hour is in the kilogram level, verifying the possibility to scale up the production of pharmaceuticals employing the SAS process from an industrial point of view.


Asunto(s)
Aprepitant , Cápsulas , Tamaño de la Partícula , Povidona , Solventes , Cápsulas/química , Povidona/química , Solventes/química , Aprepitant/química , Solubilidad , Dimetilformamida/química , Liberación de Fármacos , Composición de Medicamentos/métodos , Temperatura
10.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3979, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729972

RESUMEN

A primary response of many marine ectotherms to warming is a reduction in body size, to lower the metabolic costs associated with higher temperatures. The impact of such changes on ecosystem dynamics and stability will depend on the resulting changes to community size-structure, but few studies have investigated how temperature affects the relative size of predators and their prey in natural systems. We utilise >3700 prey size measurements from ten Southern Ocean lanternfish species sampled across >10° of latitude to investigate how temperature influences predator-prey size relationships and size-selective feeding. As temperature increased, we show that predators became closer in size to their prey, which was primarily associated with a decline in predator size and an increase in the relative abundance of intermediate-sized prey. The potential implications of these changes include reduced top-down control of prey populations and a reduction in the diversity of predator-prey interactions. Both of these factors could reduce the stability of community dynamics and ecosystem resistance to perturbations under ocean warming.


Asunto(s)
Tamaño Corporal , Peces , Océanos y Mares , Conducta Predatoria , Temperatura , Animales , Conducta Predatoria/fisiología , Tamaño Corporal/fisiología , Peces/fisiología , Cadena Alimentaria , Ecosistema , Dinámica Poblacional
11.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 556, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730092

RESUMEN

Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) have emerged as promising platforms for efficient in vivo mRNA delivery owing to advancements in ionizable lipids. However, maintaining the thermostability of mRNA/LNP systems remains challenging. While the importance of only a small amount of lipid impurities on mRNA inactivation is clear, a fundamental solution has not yet been proposed. In this study, we investigate an approach to limit the generation of aldehyde impurities that react with mRNA nucleosides through the chemical engineering of lipids. We demonstrated that piperidine-based lipids improve the long-term storage stability of mRNA/LNPs at refrigeration temperature as a liquid formulation. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis and additional lipid synthesis revealed that amine moieties of ionizable lipids play a vital role in limiting reactive aldehyde generation, mRNA-lipid adduct formation, and loss of mRNA function during mRNA/LNP storage. These findings highlight the importance of lipid design and help enhance the shelf-life of mRNA/LNP systems.


Asunto(s)
Lípidos , Nanopartículas , Piperidinas , Estabilidad del ARN , ARN Mensajero , Nanopartículas/química , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo , ARN Mensajero/genética , Lípidos/química , Piperidinas/química , Humanos , Temperatura , Liposomas
12.
Parasit Vectors ; 17(1): 212, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730488

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: As a primary vector of bluetongue virus (BTV) in the US, seasonal abundance and diel flight activity of Culicoides sonorensis has been documented, but few studies have examined how time of host-seeking activity is impacted by environmental factors. This knowledge is essential for interpreting surveillance data and modeling pathogen transmission risk. METHODS: The diel host-seeking activity of C. sonorensis was studied on a California dairy over 3 years using a time-segregated trap baited with CO2. The relationship between environmental variables and diel host-seeking activity (start, peak, and duration of activity) of C. sonorensis was evaluated using multiple linear regression. Fisher's exact test and paired-sample z-test were used to evaluate the seasonal difference and parity difference on diel host-seeking activity. RESULTS: Host-seeking by C. sonorensis began and reached an activity peak before sunset at a higher frequency during colder months relative to warmer months. The time that host-seeking activity occurred was associated low and high daily temperature as well as wind speed at sunset. Colder temperatures and a greater diurnal temperature range were associated with an earlier peak in host-seeking. Higher wind speeds at sunset were associated with a delayed peak in host-seeking and a shortened duration of host-seeking. Parous midges reached peak host-seeking activity slightly later than nulliparous midges, possibly because of the need for oviposition by gravid females before returning to host-seeking. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that during colder months C. sonorensis initiates host-seeking and reaches peak host-seeking activity earlier relative to sunset, often even before sunset, compared to warmer months. Therefore, the commonly used UV light-baited traps are ineffective for midge surveillance before sunset. Based on this study, surveillance methods that do not rely on light trapping would provide a more accurate estimate of host-biting risk across seasons. The association of environmental factors to host-seeking shown in this study can be used to improve modeling or prediction of host-seeking activity. This study identified diurnal temperature range as associated with host-seeking activity, suggesting that Culicoides may respond to a rapidly decreasing temperature by shifting to an earlier host-seeking time, though this association needs further study.


Asunto(s)
Ceratopogonidae , Estaciones del Año , Animales , Ceratopogonidae/fisiología , Ceratopogonidae/virología , California , Femenino , Temperatura , Industria Lechera , Insectos Vectores/fisiología , Insectos Vectores/virología , Conducta de Búsqueda de Hospedador , Bovinos , Ambiente , Virus de la Lengua Azul/fisiología , Lengua Azul/transmisión
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731809

RESUMEN

Polysaccharide-based systems have very good emulsifying and stabilizing properties, and starch plays a leading role. Their modifications should add new quality features to the product to such an extent that preserves the structure-forming properties of native starch. The aim of this manuscript was to examine the physicochemical characteristics of the combinations of starch with phospholipids or lysozymes and determine the effect of starch modification (surface hydrophobization or biological additives) and preparation temperature (before and after gelatinization). Changes in electrokinetic potential (zeta), effective diameter, and size distribution as a function of time were analyzed using the dynamic light scattering and microelectrophoresis techniques. The wettability of starch-coated glass plates before and after modification was checked by the advancing and receding contact angle measurements, as well as the angle hysteresis, using the settle drop method as a complement to profilometry and FTIR. It can be generalized that starch dispersions are more stable than analogous n-alkane/starch emulsions at room and physiological temperatures. On the other hand, the contact angle hysteresis values usually decrease with temperature increase, pointing to a more homogeneous surface, and the hydrophobization effect decreases vs. the thickness of the substrate. Surface hydrophobization of starch carried out using an n-alkane film does not change its bulk properties and leads to improvement of its mechanical and functional properties. The obtained specific starch-based hybrid systems, characterized in detail by switchable wettability, give the possibility to determine the energetic state of the starch surface and understand the strength and specificity of interactions with substances of different polarities in biological processes and their applicability for multidirectional use.


Asunto(s)
Polisacáridos , Almidón , Humectabilidad , Almidón/química , Polisacáridos/química , Temperatura , Muramidasa/química , Interacciones Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Fosfolípidos/química , Fenómenos Químicos , Emulsiones/química
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731824

RESUMEN

Agar, as a seaweed polysaccharide mainly extracted from Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis, has been commercially applied in multiple fields. To investigate factors indicating the agar accumulation in G. lemaneiformis, the agar content, soluble polysaccharides content, and expression level of 11 genes involved in the agar biosynthesis were analysed under 4 treatments, namely salinity, temperature, and nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations. The salinity exerted the greatest impact on the agar content. Both high (40‱) and low (10‱, 20‱) salinity promoted agar accumulation in G. lemaneiformis by 4.06%, 2.59%, and 3.00%, respectively. The content of agar as a colloidal polysaccharide was more stable than the soluble polysaccharide content under the treatments. No significant correlation was noted between the two polysaccharides, and between the change in the agar content and the relative growth rate of the algae. The expression of all 11 genes was affected by the 4 treatments. Furthermore, in the cultivar 981 with high agar content (21.30 ± 0.95%) compared to that (16.23 ± 1.59%) of the wild diploid, the transcriptional level of 9 genes related to agar biosynthesis was upregulated. Comprehensive analysis of the correlation between agar accumulation and transcriptional level of genes related to agar biosynthesis in different cultivation conditions and different species of G. lemaneiformis, the change in the relative expression level of glucose-6-phosphate isomerase II (gpiII), mannose-6-phosphate isomerase (mpi), mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase (mpg), and galactosyltransferase II (gatII) genes was highly correlated with the relative agar accumulation. This study lays a basis for selecting high-yield agar strains, as well as for targeted breeding, by using gene editing tools in the future.


Asunto(s)
Agar , Rhodophyta , Rhodophyta/genética , Rhodophyta/metabolismo , Rhodophyta/crecimiento & desarrollo , Salinidad , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Polisacáridos/metabolismo , Polisacáridos/biosíntesis , Temperatura , Nitrógeno/metabolismo
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731949

RESUMEN

To enrich the properties of polylactic acid (PLA)-based composite films and improve the base degradability, in this study, a certain amount of poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC) was added to PLA-based composite films, and PLA/PPC-based composite films were prepared by melt blending and hot-press molding. The effects of the introduction of PPC on the composite films were analyzed through in-depth studies on mechanical properties, water vapor and oxygen transmission rates, thermal analysis, compost degradability, and bacterial inhibition properties of the composite films. When the introduction ratio coefficient of PPC was 30%, the tensile strength of the composite film increased by 19.68%, the water vapor transmission coefficient decreased by 14.43%, and the oxygen transmission coefficient decreased by 18.31% compared to that of the composite film without PPC, the cold crystallization temperature of the composite film increased gradually from 96.9 °C to 104.8 °C, and PPC improved the crystallization ability of composite film. The degradation rate of the composite film with PPC increased significantly compared to the previous one, and the degradation rate increased with the increase in the PPC content. The degradation rate was 49.85% and 46.22% faster on average than that of the composite film without PPC when the degradation was carried out over 40 and 80 days; the composite film had certain inhibition, and the maximum diameter of the inhibition circle was 2.42 cm. This study provides a strategy for the development of PLA-based biodegradable laminates, which can promote the application of PLA-based laminates in food packaging.


Asunto(s)
Poliésteres , Propano/análogos & derivados , Resistencia a la Tracción , Poliésteres/química , Polipropilenos/química , Embalaje de Alimentos/métodos , Vapor , Polímeros/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Temperatura
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732054

RESUMEN

This study investigates the efficacy of a thermo-responsive N-acetylcysteine (NAC) hydrogel on wound healing and oral ulcer recovery. Formulated by combining NAC with methylcellulose, the hydrogel's properties were assessed for temperature-induced gelation and cell viability using human fibroblast cells. In vivo experiments on Sprague Dawley rats compared the hydrogel's effects against saline, NAC solution, and a commercial NAC product. Results show that a 5% NAC and 1% methylcellulose solution exhibited optimal outcomes. While modest improvements in wound healing were observed, significant enhancements were noted in oral ulcer recovery, with histological analyses indicating fully regenerated mucosal tissue. The study concludes that modifying viscosity enhances NAC retention, facilitating tissue regeneration. These findings support previous research on the beneficial effects of antioxidant application on damaged tissues, suggesting the potential of NAC hydrogels in improving wound care and oral ulcer treatment.


Asunto(s)
Acetilcisteína , Hidrogeles , Úlceras Bucales , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Cicatrización de Heridas , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de los fármacos , Acetilcisteína/farmacología , Animales , Ratas , Humanos , Hidrogeles/química , Hidrogeles/farmacología , Úlceras Bucales/tratamiento farmacológico , Úlceras Bucales/patología , Regeneración/efectos de los fármacos , Fibroblastos/efectos de los fármacos , Masculino , Temperatura , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos
17.
Food Res Int ; 186: 114356, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729722

RESUMEN

The quality of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) can be affected by many factors during depuration, in which temperature is the major element. In this study, we aim to determine the quality and plasmalogen changes in C. gigas depurated at different temperatures. The quality was significantly affected by temperature, represented by varying survival rate, glycogen content, total antioxidant capacity, alkaline phosphatase activity between control and stressed groups. Targeted MS analysis demonstrated that plasmalogen profile was significantly changed during depuration with PUFA-containing plasmalogen species being most affected by temperature. Proteomics analysis and gene expression assay further verified that plasmalogen metabolism is regulated by temperature, specifically, the plasmalogen synthesis enzyme EPT1 was significantly downregulated by high temperature and four plasmalogen-related genes (GPDH, PEDS, Pex11, and PLD1) were transcriptionally regulated. The positive correlations between the plasmalogen level and quality characteristics suggested plasmalogen could be regarded as a quality indicator of oysters during depuration.


Asunto(s)
Crassostrea , Plasmalógenos , Temperatura , Animales , Plasmalógenos/metabolismo , Plasmalógenos/análisis , Crassostrea/genética , Crassostrea/metabolismo , Mariscos/análisis , Proteómica/métodos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/análisis , Fosfatasa Alcalina/metabolismo , Calidad de los Alimentos
18.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 255: 112927, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701631

RESUMEN

Since the mechanism underlying real-time acquisition of mechanical strength during laser-induced skin wound fusion remains unclear, and collagen is the primary constituent of skin tissue, this study investigates the structural and mechanical alterations in collagen at temperatures ranging from 40 °C to 60 °C using various spectroscopic techniques and molecular dynamics calculations. The COMSOL Multiphysics coupling is employed to simulate the three-dimensional temperature field, stress-strain relationship, and light intensity distribution in the laser thermal affected zone of skin wounds during dual-beam laser welding process. Raman spectroscopy, synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy and circular dichroism measurement results confirm that laser energy activates biological activity in residues, leading to a transformation in the originally fractured structure of collagen protein for enhanced mechanical strength. Molecular dynamics simulations reveal that stable hydrogen bonds form at amino acid residues within the central region of collagen protein when the overall temperature peak around the wound reaches 60 °C, thereby providing stability to previously fractured skin incisions and imparting instantaneous strength. However, under a 55 °C system, Type I collagen ensures macrostructural stability while activating biological properties at amino acid bases to promote wound healing function; this finding aligns with experimental analysis results. The COMSOL simulation outcomes also correspond well with macroscopic morphology after laser welding samples, confirming that by maintaining temperatures between 55 °C-60 °C during laser welding of skin incisions not only can certain instantaneous mechanical strength be achieved but irreversible thermal damage can also be effectively controlled. It is anticipated that these findings will provide valuable insights into understanding the healing mechanism for laser-welded skin wounds.


Asunto(s)
Colágeno , Rayos Láser , Simulación de Dinámica Molecular , Piel , Espectrometría Raman , Piel/química , Piel/efectos de la radiación , Colágeno/química , Colágeno/metabolismo , Cicatrización de Heridas , Enlace de Hidrógeno , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Animales , Dicroismo Circular , Temperatura , Espectrometría de Fluorescencia
19.
Global Health ; 20(1): 43, 2024 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745248

RESUMEN

The spread of infectious diseases was further promoted due to busy cities, increased travel, and climate change, which led to outbreaks, epidemics, and even pandemics. The world experienced the severity of the 125 nm virus called the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a pandemic declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2019. Many investigations revealed a strong correlation between humidity and temperature relative to the kinetics of the virus's spread into the hosts. This study aimed to solve the riddle of the correlation between environmental factors and COVID-19 by applying RepOrting standards for Systematic Evidence Syntheses (ROSES) with the designed research question. Five temperature and humidity-related themes were deduced via the review processes, namely 1) The link between solar activity and pandemic outbreaks, 2) Regional area, 3) Climate and weather, 4) Relationship between temperature and humidity, and 5) the Governmental disinfection actions and guidelines. A significant relationship between solar activities and pandemic outbreaks was reported throughout the review of past studies. The grand solar minima (1450-1830) and solar minima (1975-2020) coincided with the global pandemic. Meanwhile, the cooler, lower humidity, and low wind movement environment reported higher severity of cases. Moreover, COVID-19 confirmed cases and death cases were higher in countries located within the Northern Hemisphere. The Blackbox of COVID-19 was revealed through the work conducted in this paper that the virus thrives in cooler and low-humidity environments, with emphasis on potential treatments and government measures relative to temperature and humidity. HIGHLIGHTS: • The coronavirus disease 2019 (COIVD-19) is spreading faster in low temperatures and humid area. • Weather and climate serve as environmental drivers in propagating COVID-19. • Solar radiation influences the spreading of COVID-19. • The correlation between weather and population as the factor in spreading of COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Cambio Climático , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , Humanos , Humedad , Lluvia , Temperatura , Tiempo (Meteorología) , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Clima
20.
Anim Sci J ; 95(1): e13949, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705592

RESUMEN

Excess moisture content in cow manure inhibits the process of composting. This study examined the effects of introducing a slatted frame on temperature development, organic matter degradation, and moisture content during high-moisture composting. Twelve tons of cow manure was piled individually, and an iron slatted frame with a pipe and a plain frame filled inside with styrofoam was introduced in the treatment and control piles, respectively. Two hours after the start, running leachate via the pipe in the treatment pile was observed, but not in the control pile. The maximum temperatures as well as durations of the temperatures above 55°C of the treatment piles at all seven positions were higher than those of the control piles. In particular, four of the seven positions in the treatment pile exhibited more than twice the duration. Installing the slatted frame improved the organic matter degradation; the values of organic matter loss in the control and treatment were 48.0% and 58.4%, respectively. The final moisture content in the treated compost was 5% lower than that in the control. Overall, the introduction of a slatted frame generated higher temperatures and produced relatively dried and well-degraded compost.


Asunto(s)
Compostaje , Calor , Estiércol , Estiércol/análisis , Animales , Compostaje/métodos , Bovinos , Agua , Temperatura , Compuestos Orgánicos/análisis , Suelo/química
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