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1.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 27, 2020 Jan 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914998

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a genetic condition characterised by elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Following dietary and physical activity guidelines could help minimise this risk but adherence is low. Interventions to target these behaviours are therefore required. A comprehensive understanding of the target behaviours and behaviour change theory should drive the process of intervention development to increase intervention effectiveness and scalability. This paper describes the application of a theoretical framework to the findings of a qualitative evidence synthesis (QES) to inform the content and delivery of an intervention to improve adherence to dietary and physical activity guidelines in individuals with FH. METHODS: The Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) was used to guide intervention development. Factors influencing dietary and physical activity behaviours were identified from an earlier QES and mapped onto factors within the BCW. A comprehensive behavioural diagnosis of these factors was conducted through application of the theoretical domains framework (TDF). Using these data, the most appropriate intervention functions and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) for inclusion in the intervention were identified. Decision making was guided by evaluation criteria recommended by BCW guidance and feedback from individuals with FH. RESULTS: Factors influencing dietary and physical activity behaviours mapped onto twelve of the fourteen TDF domains, with seven intervention functions deemed suitable to target the domains' theoretical constructs. Twenty-six BCTs were identified as being appropriate for delivery within these functions and were included in the intervention. For instance, within the enablement intervention function, the BCT problem solving was incorporated by inclusion of a 'barriers and solutions' section. Guided by evaluation criteria and feedback from individuals with FH, the intervention will be delivered as an hour-long family-based appointment, followed up with four telephone calls. CONCLUSIONS: The novel application of the BCW and TDF to the results of a QES has enabled the development of a theory and evidence informed behaviour change intervention. This systematic approach facilitates evaluation of the intervention as part of an ongoing feasibility trial. The transparent approach taken can be used to guide intervention development by researchers in other fields.


Asunto(s)
Dieta/psicología , Ejercicio/psicología , Adhesión a Directriz/estadística & datos numéricos , Guías como Asunto , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Promoción de la Salud/organización & administración , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/terapia , Estudios de Factibilidad , Humanos , Teoría Psicológica , Investigación Cualitativa
2.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 346-366, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372381

RESUMEN

Intuitively distinguishing the myriad of critically informed paradigms requires an in-depth analysis of genealogies, histories, and philosophical underpinnings grounding each paradigm. Despite significant parallels between queer theory and intersectionality theory, the distinction of these two paradigms acts in both complicated and complementary manners that necessitate a dialogue on the contributions emanating from both paradigms to LGBTQ studies. This article targets the following goals: (1) explicate genealogy, history, and philosophical tenets of intersectionality and queer theory; (2) dialogue about the complementary yet complex relationships between the two paradigms; and (3) illustrate the promise of the complex relationship and distinction for LGBTQ studies.


Asunto(s)
Homosexualidad , Teoría Psicológica , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Educación , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Homosexualidad/historia , Homosexualidad/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/historia
3.
Clin Nurse Spec ; 34(1): 30-37, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789961

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the effect of training that is given in accordance with the Comfort Theory to hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This study was conducted as a randomized, controlled, and experimental trial between October 10, 2018, and February 27, 2019. The sample of the study consisted of 68 voluntary and literate individuals (34 in the experimental group and 34 in the control group). RESULTS: When the comfort conditions of patients in the experimental and control groups were compared, it was determined that there was no significant difference in the mean total score on the General Comfort Questionnaire, mean subdimension scores, and mean comfort level scores in the first interview. In the last interview, it was determined that the differences in the mean total score on the General Comfort Questionnaire; the mean scores on the physical, psychospiritual, and sociocultural comfort subdimension; and the mean score of the comfort levels between the experimental and control groups were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: It was observed that the training that is given in accordance with the Comfort Theory of Kolcaba to the hemodialysis patients increased the mean scores of patients' comfort.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Comodidad del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Diálisis Renal/enfermería , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería , Teoría Psicológica , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Waste Manag ; 101: 116-125, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610473

RESUMEN

Based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB), this article analyses how conscientiousness and risk perception influence consumers' behavior intentions in regard to smartphone recycling. We carried out field research in Anhui Province, China and collected 802 valid questionnaires as basic data for this study. The empirical results of structural equation model (SEM) indicate that conscientiousness is positively related to attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control towards smartphone recycling, while attitude, subjective norm, and past behavior are positively related to smartphone recycling intention. Attitude and subjective norm mediate the relationship between conscientiousness and smartphone recycling intention. In addition, we found that risk perception moderates the relationships between conscientiousness and attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and past behavior. Theoretical and practical implications, limitations of the study, and future directions are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Teléfono Inteligente , Actitud , China , Intención , Teoría Psicológica , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
J Environ Manage ; 254: 109807, 2020 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733472

RESUMEN

This study explored willingness of households to adopt a greywater treatment and reuse system using the theory of planned behaviour in its original form and an extended model including personal norms. The study was conducted among 478 household heads in the central region of Ghana. The results indicate the original theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model explained about 54% of the variance in respondents' intentions to adopt this system and the extended model which includes personal norms explained 59% of the intentions. The extended model turned out to be the better model to predict willingness to adopt this household greywater and treatment system. The findings of this study shed more light on the role of personal norms in households' willingness to adopt a greywater treatment and reuse system and may inform interventions aimed at promoting such systems.


Asunto(s)
Países en Desarrollo , Teoría Psicológica , Composición Familiar , Ghana , Intención , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
6.
Br J Nurs ; 28(22): 1456-1460, 2019 Dec 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835940

RESUMEN

Theoretical frameworks have successfully guided researchers in implementing coaching interventions to effect dietary changes in adults for both prevention and management of chronic diseases. Three such frameworks include the Transtheoretical Model (TTM), Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), and the Theory of Integrative Nurse Coaching (TINC). This article introduces each theory, followed by an overview of the coaching interventions used to effect dietary behaviour changes within each theory. A condensed version of Turner's synthesis methodology is used to determine if a conceptual connection exists among the three models/theories. The condensed version includes synthesis preparation, synthesis (comparison of converging and diverging components), synthesis refinement (conceptual connection), and a concluding discussion of all three theories related to nursing practice. This synthesis will inform the focus of interventions that aim to promote dietary changes in adults at risk of developing sarcopenia.


Asunto(s)
Dieta/psicología , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Tutoría/organización & administración , Pautas de la Práctica en Enfermería , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Teoría Psicológica
7.
Nurs Clin North Am ; 54(4): 585-593, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703783

RESUMEN

The trajectory of human development follows a predictable course of milestones. As genomic research has brought us more understanding of the brain, the etiology of mental illness is progressing from psychodynamic origins postulated by Freud in 1960 to organic pathways and epigenetic derivations. Humans develop on normal pathways that can be derailed by poverty, illness, and trauma. When infants begin life from a healthy perspective, conditions that may follow such as a mental disorder may be moderated by healthy starts. In this paper, selected developmental theories and mental disorders are presented; then their interface is discussed. Implications for nursing are outlined.


Asunto(s)
Desarrollo Humano/fisiología , Salud Mental , Trastornos del Humor/epidemiología , Teoría Psicológica , Humanos , Trastornos del Humor/diagnóstico
8.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1435, 2019 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675951

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Connected health devices and applications (referred to hereafter as "SDApps" - Smart devices and applications) are being portrayed as a new way for prevention, with the promise of accessibility, effectiveness and personalization. Many effectiveness evaluations (experimental designs) with strong internal validity exist. While effectiveness does appear to vary, the mechanisms used by these devices have not yet been thoroughly investigated. This article seeks to unpack this black box, and describes the process of elaboration of an intervention theory for healthy eating and physical activity SDApps. It includes a set of requirements relative to their impact on social health inequalities. METHODS: To build this theory, we drew on theory-driven approaches and in particular on the theory of change (ToC) method. To this end, we developed a cumulative and iterative process combining scientific data from the literature with knowledge from experts (researchers and practitioners) and from patients or users. It was a 3-step process, as follows: 1 - identifying the evidence base; 2 - developing the theory through design intervention and creating realistic expectations, including in our case specific work on social health inequalities (SHIs); 3 - modeling process and outcome. RESULTS: We produced an evidence-based theory according to the ToC model, based on scientific evidence and knowledge from experts and users. It sets out a causal pathway leveraging 11 key mechanisms - theoretical domains - with which 50 behavior change techniques can be used towards 3 ultimate goals: Capacity, Opportunity, Motivation - Behavior (COM-B). Furthermore, the theory specifically integrates requirements relative to the impact on SHIs. CONCLUSIONS: This theory is an aid to SDAapp design and evaluation and it can be used to consider the question of the possible impact of SDApps on the increase in inequalities. Firstly, it enables developers to adopt a more overarching and thorough approach to supporting behavior change, and secondly it encourages comprehensive and contributive evaluations of existing SDApps. Lastly, it allows health inequalities to be fully considered.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Ejercicio/psicología , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Aplicaciones Móviles , Teoría Psicológica , Humanos
9.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1385, 2019 Oct 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660925

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To explore the prevalence of parental support for meeting the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth, identify key interactive support profiles among the four movement behaviors, and investigate subsequent sociodemographic and social cognitive correlates of these profiles. METHODS: A sample of Canadian parents (N = 1208) with children aged 5 to 17 years completed measures of the theory of planned behavior (TPB), and support of the four child movement behaviors via questionnaire. Differences in the proportion of parents supporting these four health behaviors were explored and demographic and social cognitive (attitude and perceived control) correlates of combinations of parental support for the four health behaviors were evaluated. RESULTS: Child and youth sleep behavior had the highest parental support (73%) and moderate to vigorous physical activity support had the lowest prevalence (23%). Interactive profiles of the four movement behaviors yielded six primary clusters and comprised wide variation from parents who supported none of these behaviors (19%), to parents who supported all four behaviors (14%). These profiles could be distinguished by the age of the child (younger children had higher support) and the gender of the parent (mothers provided more support), as well as constructs of the TPB, but TPB cognitions were more specific predictors of each health behavior rather than general predictors of aggregate health behavior clusters. CONCLUSIONS: Teenagers and fathers may represent key targets for parental support intervention of the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines. Intervention content may need to comprise the underlying foundations of attitude and perceived behavioral control to change parental support while considering the unique features of each health behavior to maximize related intervention effectiveness.


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Ejercicio , Guías como Asunto , Padres/psicología , Adolescente , Canadá , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Teoría Psicológica , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Scand J Psychol ; 60(6): 585-595, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587291

RESUMEN

Motivation plays an important role when it comes to regular physical exercise. Hence, low levels of intentions to continue exercising in the future may ultimately lead to higher rates of exercise dropout. The first objective of the present research was to test a theoretical model considering the dark side of motivational determinants on intentions towards exercising in the future. The second objective consisted in comparing groups with different characteristics, as a way to identify individuals with weaker intention, which is believed to be an indicator of a higher dropout risk. In total, 544 (294 female; 250 male) gym exercisers aged between 18 and 58 years (M = 35.00; SD = 11.57) partook in the present research. Participants were engaged in fitness group classes (n = 273) or in cardio/resistance workouts (n = 271), and their exercise experience ranged from 3 to 120 months (M = 47.41; SD = 7.54). Results showed that the measurement and the structural model had an excellent fit. In addition, the structural model was invariant between gender, fitness activities, and exercise experience. Each group displayed different explained variance in intention to continue exercising. Overall, male, young adults and more experienced exercisers had stronger intentions towards exercising. Fitness instructors should be aware of their own thwarting behaviors, especially when interacting with female, young and less experienced exercisers, since they have weaker intentions to exercise in the future, possibly representing an increased risk of withdrawal.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio/psicología , Modelos Psicológicos , Motivación/fisiología , Autonomía Personal , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Intención , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Teoría Psicológica , Adulto Joven
11.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(3): 311-321, 2019.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570662

RESUMEN

Edvard Munch was a Norwegian expressionist painter. His painting The Scream is one of the most wellknown visual art in the world. His works present psychologically significant topics such as anxiety, love, illness, and death. He was capable of displaying social and personal uncertainties and tensions in his artworks. In order to get to know the psychological functioning of his creativity, we used a special case study method of personality research - psychobiography - which aims to analyze the lives of culturally significant individuals through psychological theories and research. The focus of the publication was on The Frieze of Life series, which according to the creator, most express his artistic concept and his message. To interpret his creativity, we used the theory of Winnicott, Klein, and existential psychology. We especially emphasize the role of potential space, reparation and the benefits of the consciousness of death. According to our results, Munch kept the anxiety and tension caused by early object-relation disturbances under control with artistic sublimation and it was also the driving force for his artistic activity. However, the sublimation activity could not solve the internal tensions in the long run, which eventually led to a collapse.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Creatividad , Muerte , Amor , Pinturas/historia , Pinturas/psicología , Personajes , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Masculino , Teoría Psicológica
12.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(3): 322-324, 2019.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570663

RESUMEN

No abstract available.


Asunto(s)
Teoría Psicológica , Suicidio/psicología , Humanos
14.
J R Soc Med ; 112(10): 428-437, 2019 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609172

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To investigate doctors' intentions to raise a patient safety concern by applying the socio-psychological model 'Theory of Planned Behaviour'. DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured focus groups and interviews. SETTING: Training venues across England (North West, South East and South West). PARTICIPANTS: Sampling was purposeful to include doctors from differing backgrounds and grades. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceptions of raising a patient safety concern. RESULTS: While raising a concern was considered an appropriate professional behaviour, there were multiple barriers to raising a concern, which could be explained by the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Negative attitudes operated due to a fear of the consequences, such as becoming professionally isolated. Disapproval for raising a concern was encountered at an interpersonal and organisational level. Organisational constraints of workload and culture significantly undermined the raising of a concern. Responses about concerns were often side-lined or not taken seriously, leading to demotivation to report. This was reinforced by high-profile cases in the media and the negative treatment of whistle-blowers. While regulator guidance acted as an enabler to justify raising a concern, doctors felt disempowered to raise a concern about people in positions of greater power, and ceased to report concerns due to a perceived lack of action about concerns raised previously. CONCLUSIONS: Intentions to raise a concern were complex and highly contextual. The Theory of Planned Behaviour is a useful model to aid understanding of the factors which influence the decision to raise a concern. Results point to implications for policymakers, including the need to publicise positive stories of whistle-blowers and providing greater support to doctors.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Toma de Decisiones , Intención , Errores Médicos , Seguridad del Paciente , Médicos , Gestión de Riesgos , Inglaterra , Miedo , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Masculino , Cultura Organizacional , Profesionalismo , Teoría Psicológica , Investigación Cualitativa , Denuncia de Irregularidades , Carga de Trabajo
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569485

RESUMEN

Background: This study aimed to explore the predictors of regular dental attendance behavior and caries experience among children of newcomers to Canada using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Methods: A total of 274 newcomer parents with a child aged 1 to 12 years old who had lived in Canada for 10 years or less participated in this cross-sectional study. Children underwent a dental examination to measure their deft/DEFT, and parents completed a self-administered questionnaire. Parental attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control (PBC), and intention were examined using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) as predictors of dental attendance behavior and caries experience using the TPB model. Results: Out of all the components of the model, attitude and PBC significantly predicted the intention (p < 0.05) while the subjective norm had no statistical effects on the loading of the model (p > 0.05). Intention significantly predicted behavior, but behavior could not predict caries experience. Although 51.6% of the variance of intention was predicted by this model, only 0.2% of the variance for dental attendance behavior was explained. Conclusions: The theory of planned behavior was successful in predicting dental attendance intention and behavior for children among newcomers, but this behavior could not predict caries experience in children.


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Caries Dental/terapia , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Intención , Odontología Pediátrica/estadística & datos numéricos , Alberta , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios Transversales , Caries Dental/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Teoría Psicológica
16.
Psychon Bull Rev ; 26(5): 1596-1618, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515732

RESUMEN

A worrying number of psychological findings are not replicable. Diagnoses of the causes of this "replication crisis," and recommendations to address it, have nearly exclusively focused on methods of data collection, analysis, and reporting. We argue that a further cause of poor replicability is the often weak logical link between theories and their empirical tests. We propose a distinction between discovery-oriented and theory-testing research. In discovery-oriented research, theories do not strongly imply hypotheses by which they can be tested, but rather define a search space for the discovery of effects that would support them. Failures to find these effects do not question the theory. This endeavor necessarily engenders a high risk of Type I errors-that is, publication of findings that will not replicate. Theory-testing research, by contrast, relies on theories that strongly imply hypotheses, such that disconfirmation of the hypothesis provides evidence against the theory. Theory-testing research engenders a smaller risk of Type I errors. A strong link between theories and hypotheses is best achieved by formalizing theories as computational models. We critically revisit recommendations for addressing the "replication crisis," including the proposal to distinguish exploratory from confirmatory research, and the preregistration of hypotheses and analysis plans.


Asunto(s)
Teoría Psicológica , Psicología/métodos , Error Experimental , Simulación por Computador , Recolección de Datos , Humanos , Lógica , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
17.
Health Psychol ; 38(12): 1075-1082, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512921

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is a continuing gap between the availability of cancer control empirically supported treatments (ESTs) to address psychological needs of cancer patients and their dissemination to and implementation by providers in the community. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), with constructs of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intentions, is used to understand the pathways to and prediction of providers' behavior, that is, implementation of a cancer control EST and its provision to patients. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to prospectively test the TPB in predicting providers' usage of a cancer-specific EST, the biobehavioral intervention (BBI). METHOD: Providers (N = 166) were trained. At training's end, providers completed measures of attitudes, perceived behavioral control, and intentions to use the BBI, and their supervisors completed measures of attitudes operationalized as subjective norms. Providers were followed up and 4 months later reported their usage of the BBI with patients in the last 2 months. Regression-based path analyses tested attitudes, perceived behavioral control, subjective norms, and intentions as predictors of BBI usage and for the possible effect of intentions as a mediator. RESULTS: Provider's BBI usage was high, delivered to 65.6% of patients. Providers' attitudes toward the BBI (b = .006; 95% confidence interval [CI: .002, .010]) and subjective norms (supervisors' attitudes toward providers' EST usage; b = .021; 95% CI [.007, .034]) predicted usage. Intentions predicted usage in univariate analyses but was not a mediator for usage. CONCLUSIONS: Use of theory in implementation science can test and identify variables key to implementation success. Here the TPB identified providers' and supervisors' attitudes as predictors of EST usage. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias/terapia , Teoría Psicológica , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554338

RESUMEN

: Objective: Exploring how the theory of planned behavior (TPB), social capital theory (SCT), cervical cancer knowledge (CCK), and demographic variables predict behavioral intentions (BI) related to cervical cancer screening among Chinese women. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 496 women, followed by a path analysis. RESULTS: The three-level model was acceptable, χ2(26, 470) = 26.93, p > 0.05. Subjectively overcoming difficulties, support from significant others, screening necessity, and the objective promotion factor promoted BI, with effect sizes of 0.424, 0.354, 0.199, and 0.124. SCT and CCK promoted BI through TPB, with effect sizes of 0.262 and 0.208. Monthly income, education, age, and childbearing condition affected BI through TPB, SCT, and CCK, with effect sizes of 0.269, 0.105, 0.065, and -0.029. CONCLUSION: The three-level model systematically predicted behavioral intentions relating to cervical cancer screening.


Asunto(s)
Detección Precóz del Cáncer/psicología , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Modelos Psicológicos , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/diagnóstico , Adulto , China , Femenino , Humanos , Intención , Persona de Mediana Edad , Teoría Psicológica , Capital Social , Teoría Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
19.
Nat Hum Behav ; 3(12): 1276-1283, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527682

RESUMEN

The covariance structure of personality traits derived from statistical models (for example, Big Five) is often assumed to be a human universal. Cross-cultural studies have challenged this view, finding that less-complex societies exhibit stronger covariation among behavioural characteristics, resulting in fewer derived personality factors. To explain these results, we propose the niche diversity hypothesis, in which a greater diversity of social and ecological niches elicits a broader range of multivariate behavioural profiles and, hence, lower trait covariance in a population. We formalize this as a computational model, which reproduces empirical results from recent cross-cultural studies and also yields an additional prediction for which we find empirical support. This work provides a general explanation for population differences in personality structure in both humans and other animals and suggests a substantial reimagining of personality research: instead of reifying statistical descriptions of manifest personality structures, research should focus more on modelling their underlying causes.


Asunto(s)
Comparación Transcultural , Personalidad , Medio Social , Animales , Ecosistema , Humanos , Individualidad , Modelos Estadísticos , Desarrollo de la Personalidad , Teoría Psicológica
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480442

RESUMEN

Recreational noise-induced hearing loss (RNIHL) is a highly preventable disorder that is commonly seen in teenagers and young adults. Despite the documented negative effects of RNIHL, it is still challenging to persuade people to adopt safe listening behaviors. More research is needed to understand the underlying factors guiding listeners' intentions to engage in safe listening habits. We used the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to identify attitudes, social norms, and behavioral control in 92 young adults toward two intentional behaviors related to safe listening habits while listening to their personal listening devices: (1) lowering the intensity of loud music, and (2) shortening the listening duration of loud music. Using a Qualtrics survey, the major factors of the TPB model as they relate to the participants' intention to engage in risk-controlling behavior were assessed. Behavioral intentions to turn the music down and listen for shorter durations were thought to be predicted by the TPB factors (attitudes, social norms, and perceived behavioral control). Linear regression findings indicated that the overall TPB models were significant. Positive attitudes toward turning the music down and shortening the durations were significantly associated with intentions to engage in non-risky behavior, more so for the former behavior.


Asunto(s)
Hábitos , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Intención , Música , Seguridad , Normas Sociales , Adolescente , Actitud , Percepción Auditiva , Femenino , Pérdida Auditiva Provocada por Ruido/fisiopatología , Pérdida Auditiva Provocada por Ruido/prevención & control , Humanos , Masculino , Teoría Psicológica , Asunción de Riesgos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
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