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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 93, 2024 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605359

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The clinical efficacy and safety of sorafenib in patients with advanced liver cancer (ALC) were evaluated based on transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: 92 patients with ALC admitted to our hospital from May 2020 to August 2022 were randomly rolled into a control (Ctrl) group and an observation (Obs) group, with 46 patients in each. Patients in the Ctrl group received TACE treatment, while those in the Obs group received sorafenib molecular targeted therapy (SMTT) on the basis of the treatment strategy in the Ctrl group (400 mg/dose, twice daily, followed by a 4-week follow-up observation). Clinical efficacy, disease control rate (DCR), survival time (ST), immune indicators (CD3+, CD4+, CD4+/CD8+), and adverse reactions (ARs) (including mild fatigue, liver pain, hand-foot syndrome (HFS), diarrhea, and fever) were compared for patients in different groups after different treatments. RESULTS: the DCR in the Obs group (90%) was greatly higher to that in the Ctrl group (78%), showing an obvious difference (P < 0.05). The median ST in the Obs group was obviously longer and the median disease progression time (DPT) was shorter, exhibiting great differences with those in the Ctrl group (P < 0.05). Moreover, no great difference was observed in laboratory indicators between patients in various groups (P > 0.05). After treatment, the Obs group exhibited better levels in all indicators. Furthermore, the incidence of ARs in the Obs group was lower and exhibited a sharp difference with that in the Ctrl group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: SMTT had demonstrated good efficacy in patients with ALC, improving the DCR, enhancing the immune response of the body, and reducing the incidence of ARs, thereby promoting the disease outcome. Therefore, it was a treatment method worthy of promotion and application.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolización Terapéutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Sorafenib/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamiento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Quimioembolización Terapéutica/métodos , Niacinamida/efectos adversos , Compuestos de Fenilurea/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Terapia Combinada
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612472

RESUMEN

Birinapant, an antagonist of the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, upregulates MHCs in tumor cells and displays a better tumoricidal effect when used in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors, indicating that Birinapant may affect the antigen presentation pathway; however, the mechanism remains elusive. Based on high-resolution mass spectrometry and in vitro and in vivo models, we adopted integrated genomics, proteomics, and immunopeptidomics strategies to study the mechanism underlying the regulation of tumor immunity by Birinapant from the perspective of antigen presentation. Firstly, in HT29 and MCF7 cells, Birinapant increased the number and abundance of immunopeptides and source proteins. Secondly, a greater number of cancer/testis antigen peptides with increased abundance and more neoantigens were identified following Birinapant treatment. Moreover, we demonstrate the existence and immunogenicity of a neoantigen derived from insertion/deletion mutation. Thirdly, in HT29 cell-derived xenograft models, Birinapant administration also reshaped the immunopeptidome, and the tumor exhibited better immunogenicity. These data suggest that Birinapant can reshape the tumor immunopeptidome with respect to quality and quantity, which improves the presentation of CTA peptides and neoantigens, thus enhancing the immunogenicity of tumor cells. Such changes may be vital to the effectiveness of combination therapy, which can be further transferred to the clinic or aid in the development of new immunotherapeutic strategies to improve the anti-tumor immune response.


Asunto(s)
Presentación de Antígeno , Dipéptidos , Indoles , Masculino , Animales , Humanos , Terapia Combinada , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad
3.
Continuum (Minneap Minn) ; 30(2): 344-363, 2024 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568487

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Most patients with migraine require acute treatment for at least some attacks. This article reviews the approach to the acute treatment of migraine, migraine-specific and nonspecific treatment options, rescue treatment and options for management in the emergency department and inpatient settings, and treatment during pregnancy and lactation. LATEST DEVELOPMENTS: Triptans, ergot derivatives, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have historically been the main acute treatments for migraine. The development of new classes of acute treatment, including the small-molecule calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonists (gepants) and a 5-HT1F receptor agonist (lasmiditan), expands available options. These new treatments have not been associated with vasospasm or increased cardiovascular risk, therefore allowing migraine-specific acute treatment for the more than 20% of adults with migraine who are at increased risk of cardiovascular events. Neuromodulation offers a nonpharmacologic option for acute treatment, with the strongest evidence for remote electrical neuromodulation. ESSENTIAL POINTS: The number of available migraine treatments continues to expand, although triptans are still the mainstay of migraine-specific acute treatment. There is no one-size-fits-all acute treatment and multiple treatment trials are sometimes necessary to determine the optimal regimen for patients. Switching within and between classes, using the maximum allowed dose, using combination therapy, and counseling patients to treat early are all strategies that may improve patient response to acute treatment.


Asunto(s)
Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos , Trastornos Migrañosos , Adulto , Femenino , Embarazo , Humanos , Terapia Combinada , Lactancia Materna , Trastornos Migrañosos/diagnóstico , Trastornos Migrañosos/tratamiento farmacológico , Triptaminas/uso terapéutico
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8250, 2024 04 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589494

RESUMEN

Personalized, ultra-fractionated stereotactic adaptive radiotherapy (PULSAR) is designed to administer tumoricidal doses in a pulsed mode with extended intervals, spanning weeks or months. This approach leverages longer intervals to adapt the treatment plan based on tumor changes and enhance immune-modulated effects. In this investigation, we seek to elucidate the potential synergy between combined PULSAR and PD-L1 blockade immunotherapy using experimental data from a Lewis Lung Carcinoma (LLC) syngeneic murine cancer model. Employing a long short-term memory (LSTM) recurrent neural network (RNN) model, we simulated the treatment response by treating irradiation and anti-PD-L1 as external stimuli occurring in a temporal sequence. Our findings demonstrate that: (1) The model can simulate tumor growth by integrating various parameters such as timing and dose, and (2) The model provides mechanistic interpretations of a "causal relationship" in combined treatment, offering a completely novel perspective. The model can be utilized for in-silico modeling, facilitating exploration of innovative treatment combinations to optimize therapeutic outcomes. Advanced modeling techniques, coupled with additional efforts in biomarker identification, may deepen our understanding of the biological mechanisms underlying the combined treatment.


Asunto(s)
DEAE Dextrano , Radiocirugia , Animales , Ratones , Inmunoterapia/métodos , Redes Neurales de la Computación , Terapia Combinada , Antígeno B7-H1
5.
Genome Med ; 16(1): 49, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566201

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of neoadjuvant chemo-immunotherapy (NAT) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is challenged by the intricate interplay within the tumor microenvironment (TME). Unveiling the immune landscape of ESCC in the context of NAT could shed light on heterogeneity and optimize therapeutic strategies for patients. METHODS: We analyzed single cells from 22 baseline and 24 post-NAT treatment samples of stage II/III ESCC patients to explore the association between the immune landscape and pathological response to neoadjuvant anti-PD-1 combination therapy, including pathological complete response (pCR), major pathological response (MPR), and incomplete pathological response (IPR). RESULTS: Single-cell profiling identified 14 major cell subsets of cancer, immune, and stromal cells. Trajectory analysis unveiled an interesting link between cancer cell differentiation and pathological response to NAT. ESCC tumors enriched with less differentiated cancer cells exhibited a potentially favorable pathological response to NAT, while tumors enriched with clusters of more differentiated cancer cells may resist treatment. Deconvolution of transcriptomes in pre-treatment tumors identified gene signatures in response to NAT contributed by specific immune cell populations. Upregulated genes associated with better pathological responses in CD8 + effector T cells primarily involved interferon-gamma (IFNγ) signaling, neutrophil degranulation, and negative regulation of the T cell apoptotic process, whereas downregulated genes were dominated by those in the immune response-activating cell surface receptor signaling pathway. Natural killer cells in pre-treatment tumors from pCR patients showed a similar upregulation of gene expression in response to IFNγ but a downregulation of genes in the neutrophil-mediated immunity pathways. A decreased cellular contexture of regulatory T cells in ESCC TME indicated a potentially favorable pathological response to NAT. Cell-cell communication analysis revealed extensive interactions between CCL5 and its receptor CCR5 in various immune cells of baseline pCR tumors. Immune checkpoint interaction pairs, including CTLA4-CD86, TIGIT-PVR, LGALS9-HAVCR2, and TNFSF4-TNFRSF4, might serve as additional therapeutic targets for ICI therapy in ESCC. CONCLUSIONS: This pioneering study unveiled an intriguing association between cancer cell differentiation and pathological response in esophageal cancer patients, revealing distinct subgroups of tumors for which neoadjuvant chemo-immunotherapy might be effective. We also delineated the immune landscape of ESCC tumors in the context of clinical response to NAT, which provides clinical insights for better understanding how patients respond to the treatment and further identifying novel therapeutic targets for ESCC patients in the future.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago/terapia , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Inmunoterapia , Terapia Combinada , Microambiente Tumoral , Ligando OX40
6.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 23: 15347354241242110, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567795

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Irinotecan is widely used in the treatment of various solid tumors, but the adverse effects from it, especially diarrhea, limit its use. Several clinical trials of prophylactic treatment of irinotecan-induced diarrhea (IID) have been ongoing, and some of the data are controversial. This encouraged us to conduct a meta-analysis of the effects of interventions on preventing IID. METHOD: This systematic review was conducted based on the PRISMA statement. We performed literature searches from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library. The number registered in PROSPERO is CRD42022368633. After searching 1034 articles in the database and references, 8 studies were included in this meta-analysis. RESULT: The RR of high-grade diarrhea and all-grade diarrhea were 0.31 (I2 = 51%, 95% CI: 0.14-0.69; P = .004) and .76 (I2 = 65%, 95% CI: 0.62-0.93; P < .008) respectively, thus the use of intervention measures for preventing IID is effective, and the risk reduction of high-grade diarrhea was more significant. Subgroup analysis revealed that the monotherapy group (RR: 0.48, 95% CI: 0.21-1.13, I2 = 0%) and combination therapy group (RR: 0.14, 95% CI: 0.06-0.32, I2 = 0%) in the risk of high-grade diarrhea had no significant heterogeneity within the groups, and traditional herbal medicines (Kampo medicine Hangeshashin-to, PHY906 and hot ironing with Moxa Salt Packet on Tianshu and Shangjuxu) were effective preventive measures (RR:0.20, 95% CI: 0.07-0.60, I2 = 0%). The Jadad scores for traditional herbal medicines studies were 3, and the follow-up duration was only 2 to 6 weeks. CONCLUSION: This systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that preventive treatments significantly reduced the risk of high-grade and all-grade diarrhea, confirming the efficacy in the incidence and severity of IID, among which traditional herbal medicines (baicalin-containing) provided a protective effect in reducing the severity of IID. However, the traditional herbal medicines studies were of low quality. Combined irinotecan therapy can obtain better preventive effects than monotherapy of IID. These would be helpful for the prevention of IID in clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Diarrea , Humanos , Irinotecán/efectos adversos , Diarrea/inducido químicamente , Diarrea/prevención & control , Terapia Combinada
7.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(4): 425-433, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583892

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the clinical effect of simultaneous resection of liver metastases combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) on synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastasis. METHODS: A total of 144 patients with synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastasis who were admitted to our hospital between January 2018 and January 2019 were randomly assigned into a control group and an intervention group. The patients in the control group received simultaneous resection of liver metastases. The patients in the intervention group obtained simultaneous resection of liver metastases combined with HIPEC. The recent total effective rate of the 2 groups was compared, and the disease control rate of the 2 groups was calculated at 3 months after treatment. The patients were followed up for 3 years. The survival time of the 2 groups was observed and compared. Fasting venous blood was collected from patients in the 2 groups, and the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level was compared. The level of quality of life scale (Short Form 36-item Health Survey) and the occurrence of adverse reactions were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The R0 complete resection rate in the intervention group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < .05). The recent total effective rate in the intervention group (87.50%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (59.72%) (P < .05). The negative change of CEA in the intervention group was 72.22%, which was prominently higher than that in the control group of 43.06% (χ2 = 12.542, P < .001). After a 36-month follow-up, the overall survival rate of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (hazard ratio, 2.54; 95% CI, 1.05-5.48; P < .001). The patients in the intervention group had significantly higher life quality scores of health status, social function, emotional function, physical function, and mental health than in the control group (P < .05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the 2 groups (P > .05). Age > 60 years, preoperative comorbidities, moderate and high differentiation of tumors, intraoperative blood loss > 150 mL, and less experienced surgeons were risk factors affecting the occurrence of complications after treatment and were closely correlated with the prognosis and survival of patients (P < .05). Patients with age ≤ 60 years, no preoperative comorbidities, low tumor differentiation, intraoperative blood loss ≤ 150 mL, more experienced surgeons, and complete R0 resection had a longer survival time. Age > 60 years, preoperative comorbidities, moderate and high differentiation of tumors, intraoperative blood loss > 150 mL, and less experienced surgeons were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases (P < .05), whereas R0 surgery was an independent protective factor for the prognosis (P < .05). CONCLUSION: In the treatment of synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastases, simultaneous resection of liver metastases in conjunction with HIPEC demonstrated superior efficacy. This approach may potentially extend patient survival and enhance quality of life and deserve to be extensively used in clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Hipertermia Inducida , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Antígeno Carcinoembrionario , Pérdida de Sangre Quirúrgica , Calidad de Vida , Neoplasias Colorrectales/cirugía , Hepatectomía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Terapia Combinada , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirugía , Tasa de Supervivencia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico
8.
Q J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 68(1): 58-69, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587361

RESUMEN

Lymphoma represent the third most common malignant disease in childhood and adolescence. They are divided into pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (P-HL) and pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (P-NHL). In P-HL, excellent cure rates are achieved through combined modality treatment using chemotherapy and radiotherapy. For more than 20 years, FDG-PET has been an integral part of the treatment and guides its intensity through improved staging and precise assessment of chemotherapy response. In P-NHL, good cure rates are achieved with chemotherapy alone. At present FDG-PET plays only a subordinate role in the treatment setting. Its potential to contribute to treatment management is far from being fully utilised. In this article, the current status of FDG-PET in pediatric lymphoma is presented in detail. The core elements are the sections on staging and response assessment. In addition, challenges and pitfalls are discussed and future developments are outlined.


Asunto(s)
Linfoma no Hodgkin , Linfoma , Niño , Adolescente , Humanos , Fluorodesoxiglucosa F18 , Linfoma/diagnóstico por imagen , Linfoma/terapia , Linfoma/patología , Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones , Linfoma no Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagen , Linfoma no Hodgkin/terapia , Linfoma no Hodgkin/patología , Terapia Combinada , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Radiofármacos
9.
Clin Adv Hematol Oncol ; 22(3): 129-139, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588272

RESUMEN

The standard treatment of patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer has not significantly changed over the past few decades, reflecting a major unmet clinical need. Fortunately, the arrival of immune checkpoint inhibition is rapidly changing this dismal scenario. This review discusses the most recent results from clinical trials evaluating the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors, either as monotherapy or in combination therapy, in both the post-platinum and frontline settings. Additionally, a section is devoted to the future clinical development of immune checkpoint inhibitors in advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Endometriales , Inhibidores de Puntos de Control Inmunológico , Femenino , Humanos , Inhibidores de Puntos de Control Inmunológico/uso terapéutico , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/tratamiento farmacológico , Inmunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Endometriales/tratamiento farmacológico , Terapia Combinada
10.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 113, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589714

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Peritoneal surface malignancies (PSM) are commonly known to have a dismal prognosis. Over the past decades, novel techniques such as cytoreductive surgery (CRS), hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), and pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) have been introduced for the treatment of PSM which could improve the overall survival and quality of life of patients with PSM. The decision to proceed with CRS and HIPEC is often challenging due the complexity of the disease, the extent of the procedure, associated side effects, and potential risks. Here, we present our experience with CRS and HIPEC to add to the ongoing discussion about eligibility criteria, technical approach, and expected outcomes and contribute to the evolution of this powerful and promising tool in the multidisciplinary treatment of patients with primary and secondary PSM. METHODS: A single-center retrospective chart review was conducted and included a total of 40 patients treated with CRS and HIPEC from April 2020 to September 2022 at the University Hospital Münster Department of Surgery. All patients had histologically confirmed primary or secondary peritoneal malignancies of various primary origins. RESULTS: Our study included 22 patients with peritoneal metastases from gastric cancer (55%), 8 with pseudomyxoma peritonei (20%), 4 with mesothelioma of the peritoneum (10%), and 6 patients with PSM originating from other primary tumor locations. Median PCI at time of cytoreduction was 4 (0-25). Completeness of cytoreduction score was 0 in 37 patients (92.5%), 1 in two patients (5%), and 2 in one patient (2.5%). Median overall survival across all patients was 3.69 years. CONCLUSION: Complete cytoreduction during CRS and HIPEC can be achieved for patients with low PCI, for patients with high PCI in low-grade malignancies, and even for patients with initially high PCI in high-grade malignancies following a significant reduction of cancer burden due to extensive preoperative treatment with PIPAC and systemic chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Hipertermia Inducida , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Neoplasias Peritoneales , Humanos , Neoplasias Peritoneales/patología , Peritoneo , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos de Citorreducción , Estudios Retrospectivos , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Calidad de Vida , Terapia Combinada , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Tasa de Supervivencia
11.
Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg ; 50: 31-62, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592527

RESUMEN

Ependymomas comprise biologically distinct tumor types with respect to age distribution, (epi)genetics, localization, and prognosis. Multimodal risk-stratification, including histopathological and molecular features, is essential in these biologically defined tumor types. Gross total resection (GTR), achieved with intraoperative monitoring and neuronavigation, and if necessary, second-look surgery, is the most effective treatment. Adjuvant radiation therapy is mandatory in high-risk tumors and in case of residual tumor. There is yet growing evidence that some ependymal tumors may be cured by surgery alone. To date, the role of chemotherapy is unclear and subject of current studies.Even though standard therapy can achieve reasonable survival rates for the majority of ependymoma patients, long-term follow-up still reveals a high probability of relapse in certain biological entities.With increasing knowledge of biologically distinct tumor types, risk-adapted adjuvant therapy gains importance. Beyond initial tumor control, and avoidance of therapy-induced morbidity for low-risk patients, intensified treatment for high-risk patients comprises another challenge. With identification of specific risk features regarding molecular alterations, targeted therapy may represent an option for individualized treatment modalities in the future.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Ependimoma , Humanos , Ependimoma/genética , Distribución por Edad , Agresión , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Terapia Combinada
12.
Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg ; 50: 119-145, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592529

RESUMEN

Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are rare congenital lesions formed by heterotopic neuronal and glial cells attached to the mammillary bodies, tuber cinereum, and hypothalamus.They often present with an intractable epilepsy typically characterized by gelastic seizures but commonly associated with other types of refractory seizures. The clinical course is progressive in most of the cases, starting with gelastic seizures in infancy and deteriorating into complex seizure disorders that result in catastrophic epilepsy associated with cognitive decline and behavioral disturbances.Hamartomas are known to be intrinsically epileptogenic and the site of origin for the gelastic seizures. As antiepileptic drugs are typically ineffective in controlling HH-related epilepsy, different surgical options have been proposed as a treatment to achieve seizure control. Resection or complete disconnection of the hamartoma from the mammillothalamic tract has proved to achieve a long-lasting control of the epileptic syndrome.Usually, symptoms and their severity are typically related to the size, localization, and type of attachment. Precocious puberty appears mostly in the pedunculated type, while epileptic syndrome and behavioral decline are frequently related to the sessile type. For this reason, different classifications of HHs have been developed based on their size, extension, and type of attachment to the hypothalamus.The bigger and more complex hypothalamic hamartomas typically present with severe refractory epilepsy, behavioral disturbances, and progressive cognitive decline posing a formidable challenge for the control of these symptoms.We present here our experience with the multimodal treatment for complex hypothalamic hamartomas. After an in-depth review of the literature, we systematize our approach for the different types of hypothalamic hamartomas.


Asunto(s)
Epilepsia Refractaria , Epilepsias Parciales , Síndromes Epilépticos , Hamartoma , Enfermedades Hipotalámicas , Humanos , Hamartoma/complicaciones , Terapia Combinada
13.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 969, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580986

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Smartphone-based digital mental health interventions (DMHI) have been described as a purported solution to meet growing healthcare demands and lack of providers, but studies often don't account for whether patients are concurrently in another treatment modality. METHODS: This preregistered quasi-experimental intent-to-treat study with 354 patients enrolled in a therapist-supported DMHI examined the treatment effectiveness of the Meru Health Program (MHP) as a stand-alone treatment as compared to the MHP in combination with any other form of treatment, including (1) in-person therapy, (2) psychotropic medication use, and (3) in-person therapy and psychotropic medication use. RESULTS: Patients with higher baseline depressive and anxiety symptoms were more likely to self-select into multiple forms of treatment, an effect driven by patients in the MHP as adjunctive treatment to in-person therapy and psychotropic medication. Patients in combined treatments had significantly higher depressive and anxiety symptoms across treatment, but all treatment groups had similar decreasing depressive and anxiety symptom trajectories. Exploratory analyses revealed differential treatment outcomes across treatment combinations. Patients in the MHP in combination with another treatment had higher rates of major depressive episodes, psychiatric hospitalization, and attempted death by suicide at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with higher depressive and anxiety symptoms tend to self-select into using DMHI in addition to more traditional types of treatment, rather than as a stand-alone intervention, and have more severe clinical characteristics. The use the MHP alone was associated with improvement at a similar rate to those with higher baseline symptoms who are in traditional treatments and use MHP adjunctively.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno Depresivo Mayor , Suicidio , Humanos , Salud Mental , Ansiedad/terapia , Terapia Combinada
14.
Cancer Control ; 31: 10732748241244586, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581169

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitors (multi-TKIs) and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has been increasingly tested in clinical studies. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the addition of ICI to multi-TKIs on the profile of treatment-related adverse events. METHODS: An electronic database search was performed using PubMed and Web of Science to identify published clinical studies on multi-TKI monotherapy and multi-TKI plus ICI combination therapy from July 20, 2005 to July 1, 2023. The incidence rate of common adverse events caused by multi-TKI monotherapy and multi-TKI plus ICI combination therapy was obtained and compared from the viewpoints of (1) relative risk for the combination therapy vs sunitinib, (2) adverse event incidence rate by clinical trial, and (3) pooled incidence rate. The quality of the evidence was assessed with the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Meta-analysis used random effects models. RESULTS: This systematic review identified 83 clinical studies involving 7951 patients. The combination therapy of multi-TKI and ICI was associated with an increased risk of diarrhea (relative risk [RR]: 1.24, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15-1.33, P < .001), hypothyroidism (RR: 1.44, 95% CI: 1.11-1.87, P = .0064) and rash (RR: 1.71, 95% CI: 1.18-2.47, P = .0045) compared with multi-TKI monotherapy. The addition of ICI was suggested to decrease the risk of adverse events related to performance status. CONCLUSION: Our study identified an increased risk of treatment-related adverse events associated with multi-TKI plus ICI combination therapy. This would help optimize the management of toxicities caused by multi-TKI plus ICI combination therapy.


Asunto(s)
Inhibidores de Puntos de Control Inmunológico , Humanos , Inhibidores de Puntos de Control Inmunológico/efectos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/efectos adversos , Bases de Datos Factuales
15.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300594, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574044

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal sarcomatosis (PS) is a difficult entity to treat with limited options and guarded prognosis. We aimed to determine if the addition of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) could offer superior local recurrence-free survival in patients with retroperitoneal sarcoma at high risk of developing PS as opposed to extended resection alone. METHODS: This is a single arm, phase II intervention study where all patients with recurrent localized retroperitoneal sarcoma considered at high risk of developing PS were considered for enrolment (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03792867). Upon enrolment, patients underwent vigorous preoperative testing to ensure fitness for the procedure. During surgery, patients underwent extended resection and HIPEC with doxorubicin. Patients were followed-up every 2 weeks (± 10 days) for the first month and subsequently every three months (± 1 month) up to a year post-surgery, and were assessed for potential chemotherapy toxicity and post-treatment complications. After a year from resection and HIPEC, patients were followed-up either during routine clinic review or contacted via telephone every year (± 1 month) for 3 years. RESULTS: Six patients were recruited but one patient dropped out due to adverse and unexpected intraoperative events. The remaining patients completed the procedure uneventfully. Post-HIPEC, all patients recurred with a disease-free interval ranging from six to 24 months. Three patients died due to complications from recurrent disease whereas the remaining three patients are alive as of their last visit. The overall survival at time at reporting ranged between 22 to 56 months. CONCLUSION: The procedure is feasible with no major morbidity to patients. However, we are unable to recommend for it to be implemented as a routine procedure at this current stage due to lack of improved survival outcomes. Further multi-institutional studies may be conducted to yield better results.


Asunto(s)
Hipertermia Inducida , Neoplasias Peritoneales , Neoplasias Retroperitoneales , Sarcoma , Humanos , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Proyectos Piloto , Terapia Combinada , Hipertermia Inducida/métodos , Neoplasias Peritoneales/cirugía , Sarcoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Sarcoma/cirugía , Neoplasias Retroperitoneales/cirugía , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos de Citorreducción
16.
Indian J Med Res ; 159(2): 193-205, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577858

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND OBJECTIVES: The role of consolidation radiation therapy (CRT) after complete metabolic response to chemotherapy in advanced-stage (stage III and IV) Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is controversial. This study was undertaken to assess the clinical outcomes in terms of event free survival, local failure free survival and overall survival in individuals with advanced HL treated with chemotherapy and CRT. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted to study the long-term clinical outcomes in individuals diagnosed with HL and treated with chemotherapy and CRT from 2012 to 2016 at a tertiary cancer care hospital in India. RESULTS: Data from 203 study participants with advanced-stage HL were analyzed. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) was done at baseline and after 2 cycles for response assessment. The median age at presentation was 32 yr [interquartile range (IQR): 26-46]. Early metabolic response (after 2 cycles) and delayed metabolic response (after 4 or 6 cycles) were observed in 74.4 and 25.6 per cent of individuals, respectively. With a median follow up of 52 months (IQR: 40-67), the five-year event-free survival (EFS), local failure-free survival (LFFS) and overall survival (OS) were 83.2, 95.1 and 94.6 per cent, respectively. On univariate analysis, extranodal disease was associated with inferior EFS (P=0.043). Haemoglobin <10.5 g/dl (P=0.002) and Hasenclever index >3 (P=0.00047) were associated with poorer OS. Relapses were observed in 28/203 (13.8%) study participants with predominance at central nodal stations. The median time to relapse was 19.4 months (IQR: 13-33). Local relapse alone (at the irradiated site) was observed in 5/28 study participants, systemic (distant) relapse in 14/28 individuals, while both systemic and local relapse was observed in 9/28 participants. Extranodal disease (P=0.05), bulky disease (P=0.005) and haemoglobin concentration ≤10.5 g/dl (P=0.036) were significant predictors for disease relapse. INTERPRETATION CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with advanced-stage HL treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy (anthracycline-based chemotherapy with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine regimen) and CRT had excellent long-term outcomes. As isolated infield failures are uncommon, selective consolidation with conformal RT to high-risk sites improves final disease outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Hodgkin , Humanos , Enfermedad de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de Hodgkin/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tomografía Computarizada por Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones , Dacarbazina/uso terapéutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagen , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/tratamiento farmacológico , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Terapia Combinada , Doxorrubicina , Recurrencia , Hemoglobinas , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612910

RESUMEN

Glioblastoma is the most common malignant primary tumor of the CNS. The prognosis is dismal, with a median survival of 15 months. Surgical treatment followed by adjuvant therapies such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy characterize the classical strategy. The WNT pathway plays a key role in cellular proliferation, differentiation, and invasion. The DKK3 protein, capable of acting as a tumor suppressor, also appears to be able to modulate the WNT pathway. We performed, in a series of 40 patients, immunohistochemical and Western blot evaluations of DKK3 to better understand how the expression of this protein can influence clinical behavior. We used a statistical analysis, with correlations between the expression of DKK3 and overall survival, age, sex, Ki-67, p53, and MGMT and IDH status. We also correlated our data with information included in the cBioPortal database. In our analyses, DKK3 expression, in both immunohistochemistry and Western blot analyses, was reduced or absent in many cases, showing downregulation. To date, no clinical study exists in the literature that reports a potential correlation between IDH and MGMT status and the WNT pathway through the expression of DKK3. Modulation of this pathway through the expression of DKK3 could represent a new tailored therapeutic strategy in the treatment of glioblastoma.


Asunto(s)
Glioblastoma , Humanos , Glioblastoma/genética , Western Blotting , Proliferación Celular , Terapia Combinada , Bases de Datos Factuales , Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales
18.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Mar 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612967

RESUMEN

Herbal medicines are used by patients with IBD despite limited evidence. We present a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating treatment with herbal medicines in active ulcerative colitis (UC). A search query designed by a library informationist was used to identify potential articles for inclusion. Articles were screened and data were extracted by at least two investigators. Outcomes of interest included clinical response, clinical remission, endoscopic response, endoscopic remission, and safety. We identified 28 RCTs for 18 herbs. In pooled analyses, when compared with placebo, clinical response rates were significantly higher for Indigo naturalis (IN) (RR 3.70, 95% CI 1.97-6.95), but not for Curcuma longa (CL) (RR 1.60, 95% CI 0.99-2.58) or Andrographis paniculata (AP) (RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.71-1.26). There was a significantly higher rate of clinical remission for CL (RR 2.58, 95% CI 1.18-5.63), but not for AP (RR 1.31, 95% CI 0.86-2.01). Higher rates of endoscopic response (RR 1.56, 95% CI 1.08-2.26) and remission (RR 19.37, 95% CI 2.71-138.42) were significant for CL. CL has evidence supporting its use as an adjuvant therapy in active UC. Research with larger scale and well-designed RCTs, manufacturing regulations, and education are needed.


Asunto(s)
Colitis Ulcerosa , Plantas Medicinales , Humanos , Colitis Ulcerosa/tratamiento farmacológico , Extractos Vegetales , Terapia Combinada , Comercio
19.
Med ; 5(4): 278-280, 2024 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614071

RESUMEN

Immunotherapy has enhanced breast cancer outcomes, but optimizing combination therapies is crucial. Integrating additional treatment modalities, like physical therapies, holds promise for optimizing efficacy. Pan et al. recently reported that combining preoperative immunotherapy with microwave ablation is safe and feasible in early-stage breast cancer, effectively sensitizing peripheral CD8+ T cells.1.


Asunto(s)
Linfocitos T CD8-positivos , Neoplasias , Microondas/uso terapéutico , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/uso terapéutico , Terapia Combinada
20.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(6): 2044-2071, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617549

RESUMEN

Cholesterol is crucial for cell survival and growth, and dysregulation of cholesterol homeostasis has been linked to the development of cancer. The tumor microenvironment (TME) facilitates tumor cell survival and growth, and crosstalk between cholesterol metabolism and the TME contributes to tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Targeting cholesterol metabolism has demonstrated significant antitumor effects in preclinical and clinical studies. In this review, we discuss the regulatory mechanisms of cholesterol homeostasis and the impact of its dysregulation on the hallmarks of cancer. We also describe how cholesterol metabolism reprograms the TME across seven specialized microenvironments. Furthermore, we discuss the potential of targeting cholesterol metabolism as a therapeutic strategy for tumors. This approach not only exerts antitumor effects in monotherapy and combination therapy but also mitigates the adverse effects associated with conventional tumor therapy. Finally, we outline the unresolved questions and suggest potential avenues for future investigations on cholesterol metabolism in relation to cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Humanos , Carcinogénesis , Terapia Combinada , Supervivencia Celular , Transformación Celular Neoplásica , Microambiente Tumoral
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