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1.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(4): e213990, 2021 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792728

RESUMEN

Importance: To optimize patient outcomes and preserve critical acute care access during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services developed the SAFE @ HOME O2 Expected Practice (expected practice), enabling ambulatory oxygen management for COVID-19. Objective: To assess outcomes of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia discharged via the expected practice approach to home or quarantine housing with supplemental home oxygen. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study included 621 adult patients with COVID-19 pneumonia who were discharged from 2 large urban public hospitals caring primarily for patients receiving Medicaid from March 20 to August 19, 2020. Patients were included in the analysis cohort if they received emergency or inpatient care for COVID-19 and were discharged with home oxygen. Interventions: Patients receiving at least 3 L per minute of oxygen, stable without other indication for inpatient care, were discharged from either emergency or inpatient encounters with home oxygen equipment, educational resources, and nursing telephone follow-up within 12 to 18 hours of discharge. Nurses provided continued telephone follow up as indicated, always with physician back-up. Main Outcomes and Measures: All-cause mortality and all-cause 30-day return admission. Results: A total of 621 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia (404 male [65.1%] and 217 female [34.9%]) were discharged with home oxygen. Median age of these patients was 51 years (interquartile range, 45-61 years), with 149 (24.0%) discharged from the emergency department and 472 (76%) discharged from inpatient encounters. The all-cause mortality rate was 1.3% (95% CI, 0.6%-2.5%) and the 30-day return hospital admission rate was 8.5% (95% CI, 6.2%-10.7%) with a median follow-up time of 26 days (interquartile range, 15-55 days). No deaths occurred in the ambulatory setting. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, patients with COVID-19 pneumonia discharged on home oxygen had low rates of mortality and return admission within 30 days of discharge. Ambulatory management of COVID-19 with home oxygen has an acceptable safety profile, and the expected practice approach may help optimize outcomes, by ensuring right care in the right place at the right time and preserving access to acute care during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
/mortalidad , Servicios de Atención de Salud a Domicilio , Oxígeno/uso terapéutico , Pandemias , Alta del Paciente , Readmisión del Paciente , Atención Ambulatoria , Cuidados Críticos , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Femenino , Asignación de Recursos para la Atención de Salud , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Terapia por Inhalación de Oxígeno , Cuarentena , Estudios Retrospectivos
2.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1652021 03 26.
Artículo en Holandés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793135

RESUMEN

GOAL: To study the effect of the first COVID-19 wave in combination with the lockdown on acute care in the Netherlands. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study METHOD: For this study, data was collected from patients who visited the emergency department (ED) and Cardiac Care Unit of Noordwest Ziekenhuisgroep in Alkmaar and Den Helder. This data collection took place from 1 February to 28 June in 2019 and during the same period in 2020. The number of visits per day was investigated. The outcome measures for hospital occupation were the number of admissions per day and the average length of stay. Outcome measures for health damage were length of stay and mortality. RESULTS: The number of ED visits fell by 27% during the lockdown. For the specialties of internal medicine and pulmonary medicine, the number of admissions from the ED was the same during the lockdown, but the length of stay was longer. For all other specialties, the number of admissions from the ED was lower during the lockdown, but the admission duration was the same. Mortality was higher and hospital stay longer for patients admitted to the specialties of internal medicine and pulmonary medicine. In all other specialisms studied, there was no higher mortality or longer hospital stay. CONCLUSION: From the start of the lockdown, there was a sharp drop in the number of ED visits. The number of ED visits recovered slowly after this drop. For specialties that did not treat COVID-19 patients, hospital occupation was lower than usual. The number of admissions from the ED had decreased for these specialties. Based on the outcome measures length of stay and mortality, we were unable to find any indications of health damage as a result of the drop in admissions.


Asunto(s)
Ocupación de Camas/estadística & datos numéricos , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Hospitales/estadística & datos numéricos , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Admisión del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , /prevención & control , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Humanos , Países Bajos , Neumología/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Retrospectivos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(14): e25240, 2021 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832084

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Bilateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) can be divided into one or two stages clinically. Compared with staged bilateral UKA, whether simultaneous bilateral UKA has better clinical efficacy remains to be verified. METHODS: PubMed, EBSCO, and Web of Science were searched by us for meta-analysis. Studies were considered eligible for inclusion if they included simultaneous and staged UKA. We excluded studies unrelated to the research question, studies in non-selected languages, and studies where the full-text was not available. The data were extracted by two independent investigators, and disagreements were resolved through discussions with a third party. If important data or information about the content of the paper were not available, authors were contacted. Publication bias in studies has been assessed. Meta-analysis was done using Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: The systematic review and meta-analysis identified 3370 trials, of which 8 studies (963 patients) compared simultaneous with staged bilateral UKA. The meta-analysis showed that the clinical outcomes of simultaneous bilateral UKA goes down in operating time (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -19.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] -22.44 to -16.25, P < .00001), postoperative hemoglobin (Std. mean difference [SMD] = -0.46, 95% CI -0.71 to -0.20, P = .0004), length of stay (LOS) (WMD = -4.73, 95% CI -6.39 to -3.06, P < .00001), hospital cost (SMD = -5.42, 95% CI -6.54 to -4.30, P < .00001). There were no significant difference in blood transfusion, venous thrombosis, infection, cardiac complications, pulmonary complications, Oxford Knee Score (OKS) between simultaneous and staged bilateral UKA. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous bilateral UKA can effectively reduce the operating time, LOS, and hospital cost without increasing postoperative complications compared to stage bilateral UKA. REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020160056 (www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/).


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla/métodos , Anciano , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla/economía , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tempo Operativo , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología
4.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 195, 2021 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858393

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this multicenter cohort study was to compare the clinical courses between open and laparoscopic Petersen's hernia (PH) reduction. METHOD: We retrospectively collected the clinical data of patients who underwent PH repair surgery after gastrectomy for gastric cancer from 2015-2018. Forty patients underwent PH reduction operations that were performed by six surgeons at four hospitals. Among the 40 patients, 15 underwent laparoscopic PH reduction (LPH), and 25 underwent open PH reduction (OPH), including 4 patients who underwent LPH but required conversion to OPH. RESULTS: We compared the clinical factors between the LPH and OPH groups. In the clinical course, we found no differences in operation times or intraoperative bowel injury, morbidity, or mortality rates between the two groups (p > 0.05). However, the number of days on a soft fluid diet (OPH vs. LPH; 5.8 vs. 3.7 days, p = 0.03) and length of hospital stay (12.6 vs. 8.2 days, p = 0.04) were significantly less in the LPH group than the OPH group. Regarding postoperative complications, the OPH group had a case of pneumonia and sepsis with multi-organ failure, which resulted in mortality. In the LPH group, one patient experienced recurrence and required reoperation for PH. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic PH reduction was associated with a faster postoperative recovery period than open PH reduction, with a similar incidence of complications. The laparoscopic approach should be considered an appropriate strategy for PH reduction in selected cases.


Asunto(s)
Hernia Ventral/diagnóstico por imagen , Herniorrafia/métodos , Laparoscopía/métodos , Tiempo de Internación/tendencias , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Estudios de Cohortes , Humanos , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809573

RESUMEN

Hip fractures are an important socio-economic problem in western countries. Over the past 60 years orthogeriatric care has improved the management of older patients admitted to hospital after suffering hip fractures. Quality of care in orthogeriatric co-management units has increased, reducing adverse events during acute admission, length of stay, both in-hospital and mid-term mortality, as well as healthcare and social costs. Nevertheless, a large number of areas of controversy regarding the clinical management of older adults admitted due to hip fracture remain to be clarified. This narrative review, centered in the last 5 years, combined the search terms "hip fracture", "geriatric assessment", "second hip fracture", "surgery", "perioperative management" and "orthogeriatric care", in order to summarise the state of the art of some questions such as the optimum analgesic protocol, the best approach for treating anemia, the surgical options recommendable for each type of fracture and the efficiency of orthogeriatric co-management and functional recovery.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud para Ancianos , Fracturas de Cadera , Anciano , Fracturas de Cadera/terapia , Hospitalización , Hospitales , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación
6.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 15(3): 353-359, 2021 Mar 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839709

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The early identification of factors that predict the length of hospital stay (HS) in patients affected by coronavirus desease (COVID-19) might assist therapeutic decisions and patient flow management. METHODOLOGY: We collected, at the time of admission, routine clinical, laboratory, and imaging parameters of hypoxia, lung damage, inflammation, and organ dysfunction in a consecutive series of 50 COVID-19 patients admitted to the Respiratory Disease and Infectious Disease Units of the University Hospital of Sassari (North-Sardinia, Italy) and alive on discharge. RESULTS: Prolonged HS (PHS, >21 days) patients had significantly lower PaO2/FiO2 ratio and lymphocytes, and significantly higher Chest CT severity score, C-reactive protein (CRP) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) when compared to non-PHS patients. In univariate logistic regression, Chest CT severity score (OR = 1.1891, p = 0.007), intensity of care (OR = 2.1350, p = 0.022), PaO2/FiO2 ratio (OR = 0.9802, p = 0.007), CRP (OR = 1.0952, p = 0.042) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (OR = 1.0039, p = 0.036) were significantly associated with PHS. However, in multivariate logistic regression, only the PaO2/FiO2 ratio remained significantly correlated with PHS (OR = 0.9164; 95% CI 0.8479-0.9904, p = 0.0275). In ROC curve analysis, using a threshold of 248, the PaO2/FiO2 ratio predicted PHS with sensitivity and specificity of 60% and 91%, respectively (AUC = 0.780, 95% CI 0.637-0.886 p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The PaO2/FiO2 ratio on admission is independently associated with PHS in COVID-19 patients. Larger prospective studies are needed to confirm this finding.


Asunto(s)
/diagnóstico , Hipoxia/diagnóstico , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Hipoxia/virología , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios Retrospectivos
7.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 367, 2021 Apr 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874896

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Since the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, clinical data from various parts of the world have been reported. Up till now, there has been no clinical data with regards to COVID-19 from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). The aim was to report on the first cohort of patients from B&H and to analyze factors that influence COVID-19 patient's length of hospitalization (LOH). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at Tuzla University Clinical Center (UKC), B&H. It involved 25 COVID-19 positive patients that needed hospitalisation between March 28th and April 27th 2020. The LOH was measured from the time of admission to discharge. Factors analyzed induced age, BMI, presence of known comorbidities, serum creatinine and O2 saturation upon admission. RESULTS: The mean age was 52.92 ± 19.15 years and BMI 28.80 ± 4.22. LOH for patients with BMI < 25 was 9 ± SE2.646 days (CI 95% 3.814-14.816) vs 14.182 ± SE .937 (CI 95% 12.346-16.018 p < 0.05; HR 5.148 CI95% 1.217 to 21.772 p = 0.026) for ≥25 BMI. The mean LOH of patients with normal levels of O2 ≥ 95% was 11.667 ± SE1.202 (CI95% 8.261 to 13.739; p = 0.046), while LOH for patients with < 95% was 14.625 ± SE 1.231 CI95% 12.184 to 16.757 p = 0.042; HR 3.732 CI95%1.137-12.251 p = 0.03). Patients without known comorbidities had a mean LOH of 11.700 ± SE1.075 (CI 95% 9.592-13.808), while those with comorbidities had a mean of 14.8 ± 1.303 (CI 95% 12.247-17.353; p = 0.029) with HR2.552. CONCLUSION: LOH varied among COVID-19 patients and was prolonged when analyzed for BMI ≥25, comorbidities, elevated creatinine, and O2 saturation < 95%. Furthermore, risk factors for COVID-19 patients in B&H do not deviate from those reported in other countries.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Tiempo de Internación , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Bosnia y Herzegovina/epidemiología , Niño , Preescolar , Comorbilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Adulto Joven
8.
Georgian Med News ; (311): 17-21, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814383

RESUMEN

The objective and the goal of this study was to determine how ERAS guidelines affected on hospital stay days and other complications rates in case of elective colorectal surgery in our clinic, compared to traditional care methods. First of all, all team members including surgeons, anesthetists, nurses were being trained in ERAS guidelines principals during two months and we started active implementation process after this. 87 patients, who were needed to be done colorectal surgery treatment, were actively treated according to ERAS guidelines and these patients were gathered in experimental group. At the same time, we started to collect data retrospectively from last 2 years elective colorectal surgery cases and sorted them according to preoperative, intraoperative surgical and anesthesia data, postoperative analgesia, all type of complications. 120 patients were placed in traditional care group (control group). In traditional care group open colorectal surgery was associated with long length of stay 8-10 days. High rates of surgical site infection-24.2%, readmission rate during 30 days-30.8%, PONV-44.2%, respiratory complication-6.7%, deep vein thrombosis-3.3%, urinary retention-2.5%, prolonged postoperative ileus 16.7%. We included 87 patients in ERAS care group during 2 years. In this group our study showed big reduction of hospital stay days and it was average 5 days. Compared to traditional care group incidence of respiratory complications was 0, postoperative PONV- 6.9%, postoperative ileus-5.7%, deep vein thrombosis-0, urinary retention-0, readmission rate-0, surgical site infection-3.4%.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía Colorrectal , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos del Sistema Digestivo , Recuperación Mejorada Después de la Cirugía , Cirugía Colorrectal/efectos adversos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Electivos , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos
9.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(4): 635-643, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789473

RESUMEN

AIMS: Debate continues regarding the optimum management of periprosthetic distal femoral fractures (PDFFs). This study aims to determine which operative treatment is associated with the lowest perioperative morbidity and mortality when treating low (Su type II and III) PDFFs comparing lateral locking plate fixation (LLP-ORIF) or distal femoral arthroplasty (DFA). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 60 consecutive unilateral (PDFFs) of Su types II (40/60) and III (20/60) in patients aged ≥ 60 years: 33 underwent LLP-ORIF (mean age 81.3 years (SD 10.5), BMI 26.7 (SD 5.5); 29/33 female); and 27 underwent DFA (mean age 78.8 years (SD 8.3); BMI 26.7 (SD 6.6); 19/27 female). The primary outcome measure was reoperation. Secondary outcomes included perioperative complications, calculated blood loss, transfusion requirements, functional mobility status, length of acute hospital stay, discharge destination and mortality. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed. Cox multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for reoperation after LLP-ORIF. RESULTS: Follow-up was at mean 3.8 years (1.0 to 10.4). One-year mortality was 13% (8/60). Reoperation was more common following LLP-ORIF: 7/33 versus 0/27 (p = 0.008). Five-year survival for reoperation was significantly better following DFA; 100% compared to 70.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 51.8% to 89.8%, p = 0.006). There was no difference for the endpoint mechanical failure (including radiological loosening); ORIF 74.5% (56.3 to 92.7), and DFA 78.2% (52.3 to 100, p = 0.182). Reoperation following LLP-ORIF was independently associated with medial comminution; hazard ratio (HR) 10.7 (1.45 to 79.5, p = 0.020). Anatomical reduction was protective against reoperation; HR 0.11 (0.013 to 0.96, p = 0.046). When inadequately fixed fractures were excluded, there was no difference in five-year survival for either reoperation (p = 0.156) or mechanical failure (p = 0.453). CONCLUSION: Absolute reoperation rates are higher following LLP fixation of low PDFFs compared to DFA. Where LLP-ORIF was well performed with augmentation of medial comminution, there was no difference in survival compared to DFA. Though necessary in very low fractures, DFA should be used with caution in patients with greater life expectancies due to the risk of longer term aseptic loosening. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(4):635-643.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas del Fémur/cirugía , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/métodos , Fracturas Periprotésicas/cirugía , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Pérdida de Sangre Quirúrgica/prevención & control , Pérdida de Sangre Quirúrgica/estadística & datos numéricos , Placas Óseas , Femenino , Fracturas del Fémur/mortalidad , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Fracturas Periprotésicas/mortalidad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Falla de Prótesis , Recuperación de la Función , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Tasa de Supervivencia
10.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 237, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794939

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Concerns of contracting the highly contagious disease COVID-19 have led to a reluctance in seeking medical attention, which may contribute to delayed hospital arrival among traumatic patients. The study objective was to describe differences in time from injury to arrival for patients with traumatic hip fractures admitted during the pandemic to pre-pandemic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study at six level I trauma centers included patients with traumatic hip fractures. Patients with a non-fall mechanism and those who were transferred in were excluded. Patients admitted 16 March 2019-30 June 2019 were in the "pre-pandemic" group, patients were admitted 16 March 2020-30 June 2020 were in the "pandemic" group. The primary outcome was time from injury to arrival. Secondary outcomes were time from arrival to surgical intervention, hospital length of stay (HLOS), and mortality. RESULTS: There were 703 patients, 352 (50.1%) pre-pandemic and 351 (49.9%) during the pandemic. Overall, 66.5% were female and the median age was 82 years old. Patients were similar in age, race, gender, and injury severity score. The median time from injury to hospital arrival was statistically shorter for pre-pandemic patients when compared to pandemic patients, 79.5 (56, 194.5) min vs. 91 (59, 420), p = 0.04. The time from arrival to surgical intervention (p = 0.64) was statistically similar between groups. For both groups, the median HLOS was 5 days, p = 0.45. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher during the pandemic, 1.1% vs 3.4%, p = 0.04. CONCLUSIONS: While time from injury to hospital arrival was statistically longer during the pandemic, the difference may not be clinically important. Time from arrival to surgical intervention remained similar, despite changes made to prevent COVID-19 transmission.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera/epidemiología , Admisión del Paciente , Tiempo de Tratamiento , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Masculino , Pandemias , Alta del Paciente , Estudios Retrospectivos , Instituciones de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermería , Centros Traumatológicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
11.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801194

RESUMEN

We aimed to investigate the prevalence of decreased folate levels in patients hospitalized with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and evaluate their outcome and the prognostic signifi-cance associated with its different levels. In this retrospective cohort study, data were obtained from the electronic medical records at the Sheba Medical Center. Folic acid levels were available in 333 out of 1020 consecutive patients diagnosed with COVID-19 infection hospitalized from January 2020 to November 2020. Thirty-eight (11.4%) of the 333 patients comprising the present study population had low folate levels. No significant difference was found in the incidence of acute kidney injury, hypoxemia, invasive ventilation, length of hospital stay, and mortality be-tween patients with decreased and normal-range folate levels. When sub-dividing the study population according to quartiles of folate levels, similar findings were observed. In conclusion, decreased serum folate levels are common among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, but there was no association between serum folate levels and clinical outcomes. Due to the important role of folate in cell metabolism and the potential pathologic impact when deficient, a follow-up of folate levels or possible supplementation should be encouraged in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Fur-ther studies are required to assess the prevalence and consequences of folate deficiency in COVID-19 patients.


Asunto(s)
/sangre , Ácido Fólico/sangre , Anciano , /epidemiología , Femenino , Deficiencia de Ácido Fólico/sangre , Deficiencia de Ácido Fólico/complicaciones , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Israel/epidemiología , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
12.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e2189, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852651

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study explored the effects of the timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) on liver function, bile biochemical indices, inflammatory reactions, and cholecysto-choledocholithiasis patient prognoses. METHODS: A total of 103 cholecysto-choledocholithiasis patients were stratified into control (CG; n=51; LC at 4-7 d after ERCP) and observation groups (OG; n=52; LC at 1-3 d after ERCP) using a random number table. RESULTS: The surgical time was shorter and intraoperative blood loss was less in OG than in CG, and the two groups were not statistically different in terms of time to the first passage of gas through anus, length of postoperative hospital stay, conversion rate to laparotomy, and stone-free rate. Four weeks after LC, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin (TBil), albumin (ALB), and glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) levels declined in both groups, but the difference was not statistically significant. Three days after LC, total bile acid (TBA) levels increased, and cholesterol (CHO), unconjugated bilirubin (UCB), and TBiL levels were reduced in both groups, but were not statistically different (p>0.05). Three days after LC, interleukin (IL)-6, procalcitonin (PCT), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in the serum and bile increased in both groups and were lower in OG. The total incidence of perioperative complications was 1.92% in OG, which was lower than 15.69% in the CG. CONCLUSION: For cholecysto-choledocholithiasis patients, LC at 1-3 d after ERCP can shorten surgical times, reduce intraoperative blood loss, improve liver function and bile biochemistry, relieve inflammatory reactions, reduce complications, and improve prognoses.


Asunto(s)
Colecistectomía Laparoscópica , Coledocolitiasis , Bilis , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efectos adversos , Colecistectomía Laparoscópica/efectos adversos , Coledocolitiasis/cirugía , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación , Hígado , Pronóstico
13.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 305, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863292

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are potentially a high-risk population during infectious disease outbreaks such as COVID-19, because of physiologic immune suppression in pregnancy. However, data on the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 among pregnant women, compared to nonpregnant women, are sparse and inconclusive. We sought to assess the impact of pregnancy on COVID-19 associated morbidity and mortality, with particular attention to the impact of pre-existing comorbidity. METHODS: We used retrospective data from January through June 2020 on female patients aged 18-44 years old utilizing the Cerner COVID-19 de-identified cohort. We used mixed-effects logistic and exponential regression models to evaluate the risk of hospitalization, maximum hospital length of stay (LOS), moderate ventilation, invasive ventilation, and death for pregnant women while adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, insurance, Elixhauser AHRQ weighted Comorbidity Index, diabetes history, medication, and accounting for clustering of results in similar zip-code regions. RESULTS: Out of 22,493 female patients with associated COVID-19, 7.2% (n = 1609) were pregnant. Crude results indicate that pregnant women, compared to non-pregnant women, had higher rates of hospitalization (60.5% vs. 17.0%, P < 0.001), higher mean maximum LOS (0.15 day vs. 0.08 day, P < 0.001) among those who stayed < 1 day, lower mean maximum LOS (2.55 days vs. 3.32 days, P < 0.001) among those who stayed ≥1 day, and higher moderate ventilation use (1.7% vs. 0.7%, P < 0.001) but showed no significant differences in rates of invasive ventilation or death. After adjusting for potentially confounding variables, pregnant women, compared to non-pregnant women, saw higher odds in hospitalization (aOR: 12.26; 95% CI (10.69, 14.06)), moderate ventilation (aOR: 2.35; 95% CI (1.48, 3.74)), higher maximum LOS among those who stayed < 1 day, and lower maximum LOS among those who stayed ≥1 day. No significant associations were found with invasive ventilation or death. For moderate ventilation, differences were seen among age and race/ethnicity groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among women with COVID-19 disease, pregnancy confers substantial additional risk of morbidity, but no difference in mortality. Knowing these variabilities in the risk is essential to inform decision-makers and guide clinical recommendations for the management of COVID-19 in pregnant women.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/epidemiología , Mujeres Embarazadas , Respiración Artificial/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Comorbilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Mortalidad Materna , Embarazo , Análisis de Regresión , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(6)2021 Mar 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799717

RESUMEN

Cardiac surgery patients infrequently mobilize during their hospital stay. It is unclear for patients why mobilization is important, and exact progress of mobilization activities is not available. The aim of this study was to select and evaluate accelerometers for objective qualification of in-hospital mobilization after cardiac surgery. Six static and dynamic patient activities were defined to measure patient mobilization during the postoperative hospital stay. Device requirements were formulated, and the available devices reviewed. A triaxial accelerometer (AX3, Axivity) was selected for a clinical pilot in a heart surgery ward and placed on both the upper arm and upper leg. An artificial neural network algorithm was applied to classify lying in bed, sitting in a chair, standing, walking, cycling on an exercise bike, and walking the stairs. The primary endpoint was the daily amount of each activity performed between 7 a.m. and 11 p.m. The secondary endpoints were length of intensive care unit stay and surgical ward stay. A subgroup analysis for male and female patients was planned. In total, 29 patients were classified after cardiac surgery with an intensive care unit stay of 1 (1 to 2) night and surgical ward stay of 5 (3 to 6) nights. Patients spent 41 (20 to 62) min less time in bed for each consecutive hospital day, as determined by a mixed-model analysis (p < 0.001). Standing, walking, and walking the stairs increased during the hospital stay. No differences between men (n = 22) and women (n = 7) were observed for all endpoints in this study. The approach presented in this study is applicable for measuring all six activities and for monitoring postoperative recovery of cardiac surgery patients. A next step is to provide feedback to patients and healthcare professionals, to speed up recovery.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos , Caminata , Acelerometría , Femenino , Hospitales , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799518

RESUMEN

Surgical intervention within 48 h of hospital admission is the gold standard procedure for the management of elderly patients with femur fractures, since the increase in preoperative waiting time is correlated with the onset of complications and longer overall length of stay (LOS) in the hospital. However, national evidence demonstrates that there is still the need to provide timely intervention for this type of patient, especially in some regions of central southern Italy. Here we discuss the introduction of a diagnostic-therapeutic assistance pathway (DTAP) to reduce the preoperative LOS for patients undergoing femur fracture surgery in a university hospital. A Lean Six Sigma methodology, based on the DMAIC cycle (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control), is implemented to evaluate the effectiveness of the DTAP. Data were retrospectively collected and analyzed from two groups of patients before and after the implementation of DTAP over a period of 10 years. The statistics of the process measured before the DTAP showed an average preoperative LOS of 5.6 days (standard deviation of 3.2), thus confirming the need for corrective actions to reduce the LOS in compliance with the national guidelines. The influence of demographic and anamnestic variables on the LOS was evaluated, and the impact of the DTAP was measured and discussed, demonstrating the effectiveness of the improvement actions implemented over the years and leading to a significant reduction in the preoperative LOS, which decreased to an average of 3.5 days (standard deviation of 3.60). The obtained reduction of 39% in the average LOS proved to be in good agreement with previously developed DTAPs for femur fracture available in the literature.


Asunto(s)
Fémur , Gestión de la Calidad Total , Anciano , Humanos , Italia , Tiempo de Internación , Estudios Retrospectivos
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e24952, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847611

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: To explore the epidemiology of patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) in Chengdu, China, we retrieved the data of patients with spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College from January 2017 to December 2019. We performed a comprehensive analysis of the location of hemorrhage, demographics, factors of hemorrhage, condition of body, severity of disturbance of consciousness, treatment, length of stay (days), inpatient costs, prognosis, and mortality rate in patients with sICH. In total, data of 561 in patients with sICH were included. The hemorrhage site was primarily located in the basal ganglia and thalamus (64.71%). The mean patient age was 63.2 ±â€Š12.4 years (64.17% men, 35.83% women). Male patients (mean age 62.3 ±â€Š12.5 year) were younger than female patients (mean age 64.9 ±â€Š12.1 year). The age of sICH onset in our sample was between 40 and 79 years; this occurred in 87.70% of the included cases. There were more males than females, which may be related to more daily smoking, longer drinking years, and overweight in males than in females. Cases occurred most frequently during the winter and spring months, and the relationship between sICH visits and hospitalizations appeared as a U-shape. The median time from illness onset to hospital admission was 3.0 hours. According to the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score at admission, 20.50% of sICH cases were of mild intensity, 39.93% were moderate, and 39.57% were severe. Moderate disorder is the most common sICH severity. Factors influencing the disturbance of consciousness were blood glucose level at the time of admission as well as the number of years with hypertension. The lower the degree of disturbance of consciousness and the more they smoked per day indicated they had a higher likelihood of receiving surgical treatment while in hospital. The median hospital stay was 13.0 days, while the median inpatient cost was USD 3609. The 30-day mortality rate was 18.36%. sICH is an important public health problem in Chengdu, China. A governmental initiative is urgently needed to establish a sICH monitoring system that covers the Chengdu region to develop more effective and targeted measures for sICH prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation.


Asunto(s)
Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiología , Hemorragia Cerebral/patología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Índice de Masa Corporal , Hemorragia Cerebral/mortalidad , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Gastos en Salud , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estaciones del Año , Factores Sexuales , Factores Socioeconómicos , Tiempo de Tratamiento
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25206, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847618

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Primarily we aimed to examine the crude and standardized schizophrenia hospitalization trend from 2005 to 2014. We hypothesized that there will be a statistically significant linear trend in hospitalization rates for schizophrenia from 2005 to 2014. Secondarily we also examined trends in hospitalization by race/ethnicity, age, gender, as well as trends in hospitalization Length of Stay (LOS) and inflation adjusted cost.In this observational study, we used Nationwide Inpatient Sample data and International Classification of Diseases, Eleventh Revisions codes for Schizophrenia, which revealed 6,122,284 cases for this study. Outcomes included crude and standardized hospitalization rates, race/ethnicity, age, cost, and LOS. The analysis included descriptive statistics, indirect standardization, Rao-Scott Chi-Square test, t-test, and adjusted linear regression trend.Hospitalizations were most prevalent for individuals ages 45-64 (38.8%), African Americans were overrepresented (25.8% of hospitalizations), and the gender distribution was nearly equivalent. Mean LOS was 9.08 days (95% confidence interval 8.71-9.45). Medicare was the primary payer for most hospitalizations (55.4%), with most of the costs ranging from $10,000-$49,999 (57.1%). The crude hospitalization rates ranged from 790-1142/100,000 admissions, while the US 2010 census standardized rates were 380-552/100,000 from 2005-2014. Linear regression trend analysis showed no significant difference in trend for race/ethnicity, age, nor gender (P > .001). The hospitalizations' overall rates increased while LOS significantly decreased, while hospitalization costs and Charlson's co-morbidity index increased (P < .001).From 2005-2014, the overall US hospitalization rates significantly increased. Over this period, observed disparities in hospitalizations for middle-aged and African Americans were unchanged, and LOS has gone down while costs have gone up. Further studies addressing the important disparities in race/ethnicity and age and reducing costs of acute hospitalization are needed.


Asunto(s)
Precios de Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Mortalidad Hospitalaria/tendencias , Tiempo de Internación/economía , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Esquizofrenia/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Comorbilidad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Medicare/estadística & datos numéricos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , Esquizofrenia/etnología , Esquizofrenia/mortalidad , Factores Sexuales , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25314, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847630

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Prolonged hospitalization and immobility of critical care patients elevate the risk of long-term physical and cognitive impairments. However, the therapeutic effects of early mobilization have been difficult to interpret due to variations in study populations, interventions, and outcome measures. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the effects of early mobilization therapy on cardiac surgery patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: PubMed, Excerpta Medica database (EMBASE), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane Library were comprehensively searched from their inception to September 2018. Randomized controlled trials were included if patients were adults (≥18 years) admitted to any ICU for cardiac surgery due to cardiovascular disease and who were treated with experimental physiotherapy initiated in the ICU (pre, post, or peri-operative). Data were extracted by 2 reviewers independently using a pre-constructed data extraction form. Length of ICU and hospital stay was evaluated as the primary outcomes. Physical function and adverse events were assessed as the secondary outcomes. Review Manager 5.3 (RevMan 5.3) was used for statistical analysis. For all dichotomous variables, relative risks or odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were presented. For all continuous variables, mean differences (MDs) or standard MDs with 95% CIs were calculated. RESULTS: The 5 studies with a total of 652 patients were included in the data synthesis final meta-analysis. While a slight favorable effect was detected in 3 out of the 5 studies, the overall effects were not significant, even after adjusting for heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: This population-specific evaluation of the efficacy of early mobilization to reduce hospitalization duration suggests that intervention may not universally justify the labor barriers and resource costs in patients undergoing non-emergency cardiac surgery. PROSPERO RESEARCH REGISTRATION IDENTIFYING NUMBER: CRD42019135338.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos/rehabilitación , Ambulación Precoz/métodos , Ambulación Precoz/estadística & datos numéricos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/estadística & datos numéricos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Rendimiento Físico Funcional , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
19.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0248728, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852591

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To examine the outcomes of adult patients with spontaneous intracranial and subarachnoid hemorrhage diagnosed with comorbid COVID-19 infection in a large, geographically diverse cohort. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis using the Vizient Clinical Data Base. We separately compared two cohorts of patients with COVID-19 admitted April 1-October 31, 2020-patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and those with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-with control patients with ICH or SAH who did not have COVID-19 admitted at the same hospitals in 2019. The primary outcome was in-hospital death. Favorable discharge and length of hospital and intensive-care stay were the secondary outcomes. We fit multivariate mixed-effects logistic regression models to our outcomes. RESULTS: There were 559 ICH-COVID patients and 23,378 ICH controls from 194 hospitals. In the ICH-COVID cohort versus controls, there was a significantly higher proportion of Hispanic patients (24.5% vs. 8.9%), Black patients (23.3% vs. 20.9%), nonsmokers (11.5% vs. 3.2%), obesity (31.3% vs. 13.5%), and diabetes (43.4% vs. 28.5%), and patients had a longer hospital stay (21.6 vs. 10.5 days), a longer intensive-care stay (16.5 vs. 6.0 days), and a higher in-hospital death rate (46.5% vs. 18.0%). Patients with ICH-COVID had an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 2.43 [1.96-3.00] for the outcome of death and an aOR of 0.55 [0.44-0.68] for favorable discharge. There were 212 SAH-COVID patients and 5,029 controls from 119 hospitals. The hospital (26.9 vs. 13.4 days) and intensive-care (21.9 vs. 9.6 days) length of stays and in-hospital death rate (42.9% vs. 14.8%) were higher in the SAH-COVID cohort compared with controls. Patients with SAH-COVID had an aOR of 1.81 [1.26-2.59] for an outcome of death and an aOR of 0.54 [0.37-0.78] for favorable discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with spontaneous ICH or SAH and comorbid COVID infection were more likely to be a racial or ethnic minority, diabetic, and obese and to have higher rates of death and longer hospital length of stay when compared with controls.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Hemorragia Cerebral/terapia , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiología , Hemorragia Cerebral/mortalidad , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios de Cohortes , Grupos Étnicos , Femenino , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Lactante , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Grupos Minoritarios , Alta del Paciente , Estudios Retrospectivos , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea/epidemiología , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea/mortalidad , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
20.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(4): 340-349, 2021 Apr 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887882

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with inhalation injuries combined with total burn area less than 30% total body surface area (TBSA). Methods: A retrospective observational study was performed on medical records of 266 patients with inhalation injuries combined with total burn area less than 30%TBSA who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from January 2008 to December 2016 and met the inclusion criteria. The following statistical data of the patients were collected, including gender, age, injury site, injurious factors of inhalation injury, degree of inhalation injury, combined total burn area, tracheotomy, time of tracheotomy, mechanical ventilation, whether stayed in intensive care unit (ICU) or not, microbial culture results of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay, mechanical ventilation days, and respiratory tract infections. Single factor and multivariate linear regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting the length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay, and mechanical ventilation days of patients. Single factor and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting respiratory tract infections of patients. Results: The 266 patients included 190 males and 76 females, with the majority age of above or equal to 21 years and below 65 years (217 patients). The major injury site was confined space. The major factor causing inhalation injury was hot air. Mild and moderate inhalation injuries were more common in patients. The combined total burn area was 9.00% (3.25%, 18.00%) TBSA. In 111 patients who had tracheotomy, most of them received the procedures before being admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University. The length of hospital stay of patients was 27 (10, 55) days. The length of ICU stay of 160 patients who were hospitalized in ICU was 15.5 (6.0, 40.0) days. The mechanical ventilation days of 109 patients who were conducted with mechanical ventilation were 6.0 (1.3, 11.5) days. A total of 119 patients were diagnosed with respiratory tract infections, with 548 strains including 35 types of pathogens isolated, mainly Gram-negative bacteria. Single factor linear regression analysis showed that age, injurious factors of inhalation injury, combined total burn area, degree of inhalation injury (moderate and severe), tracheotomy, mechanical ventilation, and respiratory tract infections were the factors impacting the length of hospital stay of patients (ß=-0.198, -0.224, 0.021, 0.127, 0.164, -0.298, 0.357, 0.447, 95% confidence interval (CI)=-0.397--0.001, -0.395--0.053, 0.015-0.028, 0.009-0.263, 0.008-0.319, -0.419--0.176, 0.242-0.471, 0.340-0.555, P<0.1). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that with mechanical ventilation and respiratory tract infections were the independent risk factors impacting the length of hospital stay of patients (ß=0.146, 0.383, 95% CI=0.022-0.271, 0.261-0.506, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Single factor linear regression analysis showed that injurious factors of inhalation injury, combined total burn area, degree of inhalation injury (moderate and severe), tracheotomy (no tracheotomy and prophylactic tracheotomy), mechanical ventilation, and respiratory tract infections were the factors impacting the length of ICU stay of patients (ß=0.225, 0.008, 0.237, 0.203, -0.408, -0.334, 0.309, 0.523, 95% CI=0.053-0.502, 0.006-0.010, -0.018-0.457, -0.022-0.428, -0.575--0.241, -0.687--0.018, 0.132-0.486, 0.369-0.678, P<0.1). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that with respiratory tract infections was the independent risk factor impacting the length of ICU stay of patients (ß=0.440, 95% CI=0.278-0.601, P<0.01). Single factor linear regression analysis showed that injury site, injurious factors of inhalation injury (smoke and chemical gas), combined total burn area, degree of inhalation injury (moderate and severe), tracheotomy (no tracheotomy and prophylactic tracheotomy), and respiratory tract infections were the factors impacting mechanical ventilation days of patients (ß=-0.300, 0.545, 0.163, 0.005, 0.487, 0.799, -0.791, -0.736, 0.300, 95% CI=-0.565--0.034, 0.145-0.946, 0.051-1.188, 0.001-0.009, 0.127-0.847, 0.436-1.162, -1.075--0.508, -1.243--0.229, 0.005-0.605, P<0.1). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that smoke inhalation, severe inhalation injury, and respiratory tract infections were the independent risk factors impacting mechanical ventilation days of patients (ß=0.210, 0.495, 0.263, 95% CI=0.138-0.560, 0.143-0.848, 0.007-0.519, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Single factor logistic regression analysis showed that age, injury site, combined total burn area (10%-19%TBSA and 20%-29%TBSA), degree of inhalation injury (moderate and severe), tracheotomy (prophylactic tracheotomy and no tracheotomy), and mechanical ventilation were the factors impacting respiratory tract infections of patients (odds ratio=1.079, 0.815, 1.400, 1.331, 1.803, 1.958, 0.990, 0.320, 3.094, 95% CI=0.840-1.362, 0.641-1.044, 1.122-1.526, 1.028-1.661, 1.344-2.405, 1.460-2.612, 0.744-1.320, 0.241-0.424, 2.331-4.090, P<0.1). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that with mechanical ventilation was the independent risk factor impacting respiratory tract infections of patients (odds ratio=4.300, 95% CI=2.152-8.624, P<0.01). Conclusions: The patients with inhalation injuries combined with total burn area less than 30%TBSA are mainly young and middle-aged males. Smoke inhalation, degree of inhalation injury, with mechanical ventilation and respiratory tract infections are the factors that affect the outcomes of patients with inhalation injuries combined with total burn area less than 30%TBSA. Additionally, prophylactic tracheotomy shows its potential value in reducing respiratory tract infections in patients with moderate or severe inhalation injuries.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Lesión por Inhalación de Humo , Superficie Corporal , Quemaduras/epidemiología , Femenino , Hospitalización , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Lesión por Inhalación de Humo/epidemiología
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