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1.
JAMA ; 323(18): 1792-1801, 2020 May 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396179

RESUMEN

Importance: Humeral shaft fractures traditionally have been treated nonsurgically, but there has been a steady increase in the rate of surgery over the past 2 decades without high-quality evidence to justify the trend. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of surgical treatment with open reduction and internal plate fixation to nonsurgical treatment with functional bracing in the treatment of closed humeral shaft fractures. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized clinical trial conducted at 2 university hospital trauma centers in Finland, enrollment between November 2012 and January 2018 with a final follow-up of January 2019. A total of 82 adult patients with closed, unilateral, displaced humeral shaft fracture met criteria for inclusion. Patients were excluded if they had cognitive disabilities preventing them from following the protocol or had multimorbidity or multiple trauma. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to surgical treatment with open reduction and internal plate fixation (n = 38) or to nonsurgical treatment with functional bracing (n = 44). Main Outcome and Measure: The primary outcome was Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score at 12 months (range, 0 to 100 points, 0 denotes no disability and 100 extreme disability; minimal clinically important difference, 10 points). Results: Among 82 patients who were randomized (mean age, 48.9 years; 38 women [46%]; 44 men [54%]), 78 (95%) completed the trial. Thirteen (30%) of the patients assigned to functional bracing underwent surgery during the 12-month follow-up period to promote healing of the fracture. At 12 months, the mean DASH score was 8.9 (95% CI, 4.2 to 13.6) in the surgery group and 12.0 (95% CI, 7.7 to 16.4) in the bracing group (between-group difference, -3.1 points; 95% CI, -9.6 to 3.3; P = .34). Eleven patients (25%) allocated to functional bracing developed fracture nonunion. Three patients (8%) allocated to surgery developed a temporary radial nerve palsy. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with closed humeral shaft fracture, internal fixation surgery, compared with nonoperative functional bracing, did not significantly improve functional outcomes at 12 months. However, the substantial amount of treatment crossover from nonoperative to surgical treatment should be considered when interpreting the trial results. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01719887.


Asunto(s)
Tirantes , Reducción Cerrada , Fijación Interna de Fracturas , Fracturas del Húmero/terapia , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Placas Óseas , Reducción Cerrada/efectos adversos , Reducción Cerrada/métodos , Evaluación de la Discapacidad , Femenino , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/efectos adversos , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/métodos , Fracturas no Consolidadas/etiología , Humanos , Fracturas del Húmero/cirugía , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Reducción Abierta/métodos , Recuperación de la Función
2.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(4): 306-11, 2020 Apr 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351082

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study and analyze the clinical effect of the self-developed new adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation brace in the rehabilitation of the femoral intertrochanteric fracture after the operation of PFNA. METHODS: From July 2015 to June 2017, 62 patients with typeⅡ (Evans-Jensen classification) intertrochanteric fracture of femur were treated with PFNA internal fixation. There were 11 males and 19 females in the routine rehabilitation group, with an average age of (70.73± 6.09) years;17 males and 15 females in the brace rehabilitation group, with an average age of (71.25±6.60) years. Among them, the patients in the routine rehabilitation group recovered according to the routine method, and the patients in the support rehabilitation group used the self-developed new adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation support of lower limbs to assist the early rehabilitation. The pain intensity(VAS score), weight-bearing of affected limb, clinical healing time of fracture, Harris score and complications were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: Nine patients lost their visit half a year later, the other 53 patients were followed up for 9 to 18 months. The VAS score at 1, 3, 6 months after operation of brace rehabilitation group was lower than that of routine rehabilitation group(P<0.05). The weight bearing of the limbs in the rehabilitation group was significantly higher than that in the conventional rehabilitation group(P<0.05), but the clinical healing time of fracture in the brace rehabilitation group was shorter than that in the routine rehabilitation group(P<0.05). In addition, the Harris score of the postoperativebrace rehabilitation group was better than that of the conventional rehabilitation group(P<0.05). The incidence of complications was lower than that of the conventional rehabilitation group(P=0.048). CONCLUSION: In the rehabilitation of Evans Jensen typeⅡintertrochanteric fracture after PFNA internal fixation, the new self-developed adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation brace can significantly relieve postoperative pain, regulate and moderately increase the stress stimulation at the fracture end, so as to promote fracture healing, accelerate the recovery of hip joint function, reduce the incidence of complications, and its clinical effect is safe and reliable.


Asunto(s)
Fijación Intramedular de Fracturas , Fracturas de Cadera , Anciano , Clavos Ortopédicos , Tirantes , Femenino , Humanos , Extremidad Inferior , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Soporte de Peso
3.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(3): 219-23, 2020 Mar 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233247

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical efficacy of hand power device and Shujinxi (, SJX) external granule in treating collateral ligament contracture of metacarpophalangeal joint. METHODS: Fifty patients with collateral ligament contracture of metacarpophalangeal joint from June 2017 to January 2019 were divided into experimental and control group, 25 patients in each group. In experimental group, there were 17 males and 8 females aged from 19 to 63 years old with an average of (40.53±9.42) years old; 36 affected fingers; the courses of disease ranged from 23 to 82 days with an average of (52.37± 11.20) days; treated with hand power device and SJX external granule. In control group, there were 15 males and 10 females aged from 21 to 58 years old with an average of (42.11±8.36) years old; 32 affected fingers; the courses of diseases ranged from 18 to 71 days with an average of (48.24±12.50) days; treated with loose training of metacarpophalangeal joints. Symptoms of pain of affected finger, flexion and extension function were observed between two groups, VAS score was used to evaluate relieve degree of pain, grip size was used to evaluate recovery of grip, total active motion was applied to assess recovery of metacarpophalangeal joints, the second operation and occurrence of complications between two groups were compared. RESULTS: All patients were followed up about 8 weeks. VAS score, total active motion of metacarpophalangeal joints and grip of affected finger before and after treatment in experimental group were (4.22±1.09) point vs (1.98±1.01) point ,(17.40±6.31) ° vs (70.95±7.68) ° ,(4.83±3.09) kg vs (23.17±10.54) kg respectively, while in control group were (4.66±0.95) point vs (2.84± 1.06) point ,(16.25±5.66) ° vs (59.14±10.61) ° ,(5.06±4.05) kg vs (16.25±9.66) kg; there were statistical difference between two groups before and after treatment, and these items in experimental group after treatment were higher than that of control group (P<0.05) . There were no complicationsoccurred betweentwo groups. Onepatientinexperimentalgroup and 8 patients in controlgroupneededto bethesecondoperation, andhadsignificancedifference (P<0.05) . CONCLUSION: Handpowerdevice and SJXexternalgranulecouldobviouslyrelievesymptomsof pain of affected finger, improve recovery of grip strength, increase total active motion, and has good safety. It is an effective method for treating for the treatment of collateral ligament contracture of metacarpophalangeal joint.


Asunto(s)
Ligamentos Colaterales , Contractura , Adulto , Tirantes , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Articulación Metacarpofalángica , Persona de Mediana Edad , Aparatos Ortopédicos , Rango del Movimiento Articular , Adulto Joven
4.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 102(4): 905-909, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100676

RESUMEN

The aim of this feasibility study was to investigate how a 3D printer could be put to its best use in a resource-limited healthcare setting. We have examined whether a 3D printer can contribute to making prostheses, braces, or splints for patients who underwent major limb amputation because of complex wounds, for example, due to burns and subsequent scarring, accidents, conflicts, or congenital abnormalities. During a 3-month period, we investigated the benefits of customized, 3D-printed arm prostheses, splints, and braces in Sierra Leone. Using a handheld 3D scanner and a 3D printer, patient-specific medical aids were designed, manufactured, and tested. Questionnaires regarding patient satisfaction and the functionality of the prostheses were used for a short-term follow-up. Four esthetic prostheses were designed: two prostheses of the hand, one of the forearm, and one of the entire arm. Follow-ups were conducted after 3 to 4 weeks to investigate the quality of the prostheses and to complete a patient questionnaire. Even though the prostheses primarily fulfill esthetic needs, they also exhibit some degree of functionality. In addition, four splints for hands and arms were made to prevent scar contractures after skin transplantation. Finally, a brace for a young boy with kyphoscoliosis was manufactured. The boy has accepted the brace and will be followed up in the months to come. Long-term follow-up is required to prove the sustainability of the 3D-printed brace and prosthetic arms. Further research into how to sustain and refine this project is underway.


Asunto(s)
Miembros Artificiales , Tirantes , Impresión Tridimensional/economía , Población Rural , Férulas (Fijadores) , Estudios de Factibilidad , Humanos , Pobreza , Sierra Leona
5.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(2): 254-260, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009436

RESUMEN

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess whether supine flexibility predicts the likelihood of curve progression in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) undergoing brace treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with AIS prescribed with an underarm brace between September 2008 to April 2013 and followed up until 18 years of age or required surgery. Patients with structural proximal curves that preclude underarm bracing, those who were lost to follow-up, and those who had poor compliance to bracing (<16 hours a day) were excluded. The major curve Cobb angle, curve type, and location were measured on the pre-brace standing posteroanterior (PA) radiograph, supine whole spine radiograph, initial in-brace standing PA radiograph, and the post-brace weaning standing PA radiograph. Validation of the previous in-brace Cobb angle regression model was performed. The outcome of curve progression post-bracing was tested using a logistic regression model. The supine flexibility cut-off for curve progression was analyzed with receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: A total of 586 patients with mean age of 12.6 years (SD 1.2) remained for analysis after exclusion. The baseline Cobb angle was similar for thoracic major curves (31.6° (SD 3.8°)) and lumbar major curves (30.3° (SD 3.7°)). Curve progression was more common in the thoracic curves than lumbar curves with mean final Cobb angles of 40.5° (SD 12.5°) and 31.8° (SD 9.8°) respectively. This dataset matched the prediction model for in-brace Cobb angle with less mean absolute error in thoracic curves (0.61) as compared to lumbar curves (1.04). Reduced age and Risser stage, thoracic curves, increased pre-brace Cobb angle, and reduced correction and flexibility rates predicted increased likelihood of curve progression. Flexibility rate of more than 28% has likelihood of preventing curve progression with bracing. CONCLUSION: Supine radiographs provide satisfactory prediction for in-brace correction and post-bracing curve magnitude. The flexibility of the curve is a guide to determine the likelihood for brace success. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(2):254-260.


Asunto(s)
Rango del Movimiento Articular/fisiología , Escoliosis/diagnóstico por imagen , Escoliosis/terapia , Columna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagen , Columna Vertebral/fisiopatología , Posición Supina/fisiología , Adolescente , Axila , Tirantes , Niño , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Escoliosis/fisiopatología
6.
Lancet ; 395(10222): 441-448, 2020 02 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035553

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patients with Achilles tendon rupture who have non-operative treatment have traditionally been treated with immobilisation of the tendon in plaster casts for several weeks. Functional bracing is an alternative non-operative treatment that allows earlier mobilisation, but evidence on its effectiveness and safety is scarce. The aim of the UKSTAR trial was to compare functional and quality-of-life outcomes and resource use in patients treated non-operatively with plaster cast versus functional brace. METHODS: UKSTAR was a pragmatic, superiority, multicentre, randomised controlled trial done at 39 hospitals in the UK. Patients (aged ≥16 years) who were being treated non-operatively for a primary Achilles tendon rupture at the participating centres were potentially eligible. The exclusion criteria were presenting more than 14 days after injury, previous rupture of the same Achilles tendon, or being unable to complete the questionnaires. Eligible participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive a plaster cast or functional brace using a centralised web-based system. Because the interventions were clearly visible, neither patients nor clinicians could be masked. Participants wore the intervention for 8 weeks. The primary outcome was patient-reported Achilles tendon rupture score (ATRS) at 9 months, analysed in the modified intention-to-treat population (all patients in the groups to which they were allocated, excluding participants who withdrew or died before providing any outcome data). The main safety outcome was the incidence of tendon re-rupture. Resource use was recorded from a health and personal social care perspective. The trial is registered with ISRCTN, ISRCTN62639639. FINDINGS: Between Aug 15, 2016, and May 31, 2018, 1451 patients were screened, of whom 540 participants (mean age 48·7 years, 79% male) were randomly allocated to receive plaster cast (n=266) or functional brace (n=274). 527 (98%) of 540 were included in the modified intention-to-treat population, and 13 (2%) were excluded because they withdrew or died before providing any outcome data. There was no difference in ATRS at 9 months post injury (cast group n=244, mean ATRS 74∙4 [SD 19∙8]; functional brace group n=259, ATRS 72∙8 [20∙4]; adjusted mean difference -1∙38 [95% CI -4∙9 to 2∙1], p=0·44). There was no difference in the rate of re-rupture of the tendon (17 [6%] of 266 in the plaster cast group vs 13 [5%] of 274 in the functional brace group, p=0·40). The mean total health and personal social care cost was £1181 for the plaster cast group and £1078 for the functional bract group (mean between-group difference -£103 [95% CI -289 to 84]). INTERPRETATION: Traditional plaster casting was not found to be superior to early weight-bearing in a functional brace, as measured by ATRS, in the management of patients treated non-surgically for Achilles tendon rupture. Clinicians may consider the use of early weight-bearing in a functional brace as a safe and cost-effective alternative to plaster casting. FUNDING: UK National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment Programme.


Asunto(s)
Tendón Calcáneo/lesiones , Tirantes , Moldes Quirúrgicos , Adulto , Tirantes/efectos adversos , Tirantes/economía , Moldes Quirúrgicos/efectos adversos , Moldes Quirúrgicos/economía , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Femenino , Humanos , Inmovilización/efectos adversos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida , Rotura/terapia , Soporte de Peso
7.
Orthopade ; 49(1): 59-65, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30899990

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: It is understood that an effective brace therapy requires a primary curve angle reduction of 50% after administering the first orthotic brace. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the efficacy of conservative brace therapy for scoliosis with a curve angle above 20° and to determine possible influencing factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study included a cohort of 110 scoliosis patients with conservative brace therapy. The development of the scoliotic curve during brace therapy was documented for an average of 40 months. Influencing factors such as the initial Risser sign, age at the start of treatment, gender, curve patterns and body mass index were analyzed. RESULTS: The collective consisted of 88 patients with idiopathic and 22 with neuromuscular spinal deformities. At the beginning of the brace therapy, the average age was 12.2 ± 2.8 years with a mean scoliosis curve angle of 30.4°â€¯± 12.5°. The primary brace reduced the scoliotic curve by 31% to 20.9°. In children and adolescents with lower maturity status, the success of the brace therapy was greater than in patients with a higher Risser sign. In addition, children with obesity had less success during brace therapy than normal- or underweight children. CONCLUSIONS: The initial curvature correction of 50% required for effective brace therapy could only be achieved in one third of the patients. On average, the correction was 31%.


Asunto(s)
Escoliosis/terapia , Adolescente , Tirantes , Niño , Estudios de Cohortes , Tratamiento Conservador , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
Orthopade ; 49(4): 350-358, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30899991

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Bracing constitutes the mainstay treatment for mild scoliosis. The 3D reconstruction of the spine using low-dose stereoradiographic imaging (LSI) is increasingly being used to determine the true shape of the deformity and to assess the success of bracing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to validate the measurement of 3D spinopelvic parameters and vertebral rotation in the setting of bracing treatment via a reliability study conducted in adherence to the guidelines for reporting reliability and agreement studies (GRRAS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Full spine stereoradiographs of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who underwent Chêneau bracing were retrospectively analyzed. The 3D reconstruction was performed by two experienced operators in a blinded manner and randomized order. Rotation of every vertebra was computed in the coronal, sagittal and axial planes. Sagittal spinopelvic parameters were evaluated. All measurements were statistically compared to determine agreement of the measurement of brace correction using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: In this study, 45 patients (81% females) aged 12.5 ± 2 years were included. The mean absolute difference was less than 3.5° for all measured angles, less than 4 mm for sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and less than 1.5 mm for lateral pelvic shift. The ICC was high for all parameters (ICC >0.81). Despite the overall high reliability, the reliability of axial rotation was lower in the upper and middle thoracic spine and the lower lumbar spine. CONCLUSION: Brace wearing during full spine LSI acquisition does not affect spinal measurements. The LSI under bracing treatment produces reliable measurements of spinopelvic parameters as well as vertebral rotation. These reproducible 3D data enable spine surgeons to assess the true shape of the deformity, to quantify rotation of each vertebra and enhance the understanding of the efficacy of bracing treatment.


Asunto(s)
Tirantes , Imagenología Tridimensional/métodos , Cifosis/diagnóstico por imagen , Escoliosis/diagnóstico por imagen , Columna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagen , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Dosis de Radiación , Interpretación de Imagen Radiográfica Asistida por Computador , Radiocirugia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estudios Retrospectivos , Escoliosis/cirugía , Columna Vertebral/cirugía
9.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 109(2): 413-419, 2020 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557482

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of manipulation and a tailored program for compressive bracing on the quality of life of patients with flexible pectus carinatum. METHODS: Two hundred forty-nine sequential patients attending a clinic for assessment of pectus carinatum deformities underwent outpatient manipulation and then followed a prescribed schedule of continuous external compressive bracing but without significant progressive tightening. RESULTS: There was successful sustained reduction of the deformity in 244 patients with high reported rates of concordance (98%) and satisfaction (94%). Patients experienced a reduction in symptoms of anxiety and depression (P < .001) and had improved body satisfaction (P < .001). Mild skin irritation occurred in 18% of patients (n = 44), and there were 2 severe cases of skin irritation, 1 of which resulted in abandonment of bracing. CONCLUSIONS: Manipulation and nontightening compressive bracing was associated with complete concordance, high levels of successful bracing, improved confidence, and reduced psychological morbidity.


Asunto(s)
Tirantes , Manipulación Ortopédica/métodos , Pectus Carinatum/diagnóstico , Pectus Carinatum/terapia , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Niño , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Cooperación del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Examen Físico/métodos , Radiografía Torácica/métodos , Recuperación de la Función , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medición de Riesgo , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Factores Sexuales , Factores de Tiempo , Adulto Joven
10.
World Neurosurg ; 134: e1028-e1036, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759147

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether the cervical sagittal parameters affect the conservative treatment of single-segment cervical spondylotic radiculopathy and whether the conservative treatment of single-segment cervical spondylotic radiculopathy can be predicted by cervical sagittal parameters. METHODS: Cervical spondylotic radiculopathy is currently treated with a stepwise approach, and conservative treatment is recommended. However, there is insufficient evidence to support the efficacy of conservative treatment. Between January 2013 and January 2018, 121 patients with single-segment cervical spondylotic radiculopathy were enrolled in this study. The inclusion criteria included complete cervical lateral radiographs. The following radiographic parameters were measured: C0-2 Cobb angle; C2-7 Cobb angle (CL), C7 slope (C7S), neck tilt (NT), thoracic inlet angle (TIA), T1 slope (T1S), C2-7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), cervical tilt, cranial tilt, and cervical curvature index (CCI). Cervical spine function and quality of life were assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS) and the Neck Disability Index (NDI). According to the therapeutic effect, the patients were divided into group A (effective conservative treatment group) and group B (ineffective conservative treatment group). Effective conservative treatment was defined as conservative treatment for 3 months (1 nonsteroidal analgesic and 1 neurotrophic drug, supplemented by cervical traction and a neck support brace) resulting in a 60% reduction in NDI score. The Pearson correlation coefficient was used to calculate the correlation between each sagittal parameter and functional score. Logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were used to determine independent risk factors and critical values. RESULTS: In the effective conservative treatment group (group A), the pretreatment NDI score was significantly positively correlated with the pretreatment VAS score and negatively correlated with CL, C7S, TIA, T1S, cervical tilt, and CCI. In the ineffective conservative treatment group (group B), the pretreatment NDI score was significantly positively correlated with the pretreatment VAS score and NT, and negatively correlated with age, CL, C7S, T1S, cervical tilt, and CCI. Based on logistic regression analysis and ROC curve analysis, we found that a larger C2-7 Cobb angle before treatment was the sole independent risk factor for conservative treatment (P < 0.001). Patients with a C2-7 Cobb angle >7.7° had a greater likelihood of receiving effective conservative treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with single-segment cervical spondylotic radiculopathy, a larger C2-7 Cobb angle before treatment was the sole independent risk factor for effective conservative treatment (P < 0.001). Conservative treatment was more likely to be effective when the C2-7 Cobb angle is >7.7°.


Asunto(s)
Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos/uso terapéutico , Tirantes , Vértebras Cervicales/diagnóstico por imagen , Radiculopatía/terapia , Espondilosis/terapia , Tracción/métodos , Adulto , Anciano , Tratamiento Conservador , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Dimensión del Dolor , Pronóstico , Radiculopatía/diagnóstico por imagen , Radiculopatía/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Espondilosis/complicaciones , Espondilosis/diagnóstico por imagen
11.
Sports Health ; 12(2): 170-180, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750786

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Targeted intervention for subgroups is a promising approach for the management of patellofemoral pain. HYPOTHESIS: Treatment designed according to subgroups will improve clinical outcomes in patients unresponsive to multimodal treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective crossover intervention. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP; n = 61; mean age, 27 ± 9 years) were enrolled. Patients with PFP received standard multimodal treatment 3 times a week for 6 weeks. Patients not responding to multimodal treatment were then classified into 1 of 3 subgroups (strong, weak and tight, and weak and pronated foot) using 6 simple clinical tests. They were subsequently administered 6 further weeks of targeted intervention, designed according to subgroup characteristics. Visual analog scale (VAS), perception of recovery scale (PRS), 5-Level European Quality 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D-5L), and self-reported version of the Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs scale (S-LANSS) were used to assess pain, knee function, and quality of life before and after the interventions. RESULTS: In total, 34% (n = 21) of patients demonstrated recovery after multimodal treatment. However, over 70% (n = 29/40) of nonresponders demonstrated recovery after targeted treatment. The VAS, PRS, S-LANSS, and EQ-5D-5L scores improved significantly after targeted intervention compared with after multimodal treatment (P < 0.001). The VAS score at rest was significantly lower in the "weak and pronated foot" and the "weak and tight" subgroups (P = 0.011 and P = 0.008, respectively). Posttreatment pain intensity on activity was significantly lower in the "strong" subgroup (P = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Targeted treatment designed according to subgroup characteristics improves clinical outcomes in patients unresponsive to multimodal treatment. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Targeted intervention could be easily implemented after 6 simple clinical assessment tests to subgroup patients into 1 of 3 subgroups (strong, weak and tight, and weak and pronated foot). Targeted interventions applied according to the characteristics of these subgroups have more beneficial treatment effects than a current multimodal treatment program.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos Clínicos , Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Síndrome de Dolor Patelofemoral/clasificación , Síndrome de Dolor Patelofemoral/terapia , Adulto , Tirantes , Terapia Combinada , Estudios Cruzados , Ortesis del Pié , Humanos , Fuerza Muscular , Ejercicios de Estiramiento Muscular , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Pérdida de Peso , Adulto Joven
13.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(1): e20-e27, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290757

RESUMEN

Casts are commonly used for fracture management and postoperative immobilization in pediatric patients. However, cast immobilization is not without complications (eg, thermal injuries, pressure sores, infection, and neurovascular injury) and may be associated with additional costs and increased loss of school/work days for cast removal or other complications. The disadvantages of traditional casting can be minimized by alternative management strategies: waterproof casts to facilitate bathing and swimming; a Pavlik harness in infants, a single-leg spica cast, or flexible intramedullary nails to avoid complications with double-leg spica casts for femur fractures; and braces or splints to manage buckle and minimally displaced distal radius fractures, toddler's fractures, and stable foot/ankle fractures.


Asunto(s)
Tirantes , Moldes Quirúrgicos/efectos adversos , Inmovilización/instrumentación , Férulas (Fijadores) , Niño , Humanos
14.
J Pediatr Orthop B ; 29(1): 81-89, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774736

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to compare the treatment outcomes of stable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD) of the knee in a large cohort treated nonoperatively with unloader bracing versus other nonoperative treatment modalities without unloader bracing. This retrospective study assessed the clinical course of skeletally immature patients who underwent a minimum of 3 months nonoperative treatment for stable JOCD of the femoral condyle at a single institution (2001-2014). Treatment was based on physician preference. Unloader bracing was compared with other 'non-unloader' modalities, with successful nonoperative treatment defined as the avoidance of subsequent surgical intervention. Two hundred ninety-eight patients were included, 219 (73%) of whom were male. The mean ± SD age at diagnosis was 11.5 ± 1.6 years. Thirty-five patients were diagnosed with bilateral OCD, resulting in 333 knees in total. One hundred eighty-seven (56%) knees were treated with unloader bracing for a minimum of 3 months, whereas 146 (44%) were treated with other nonoperative modalities. All patients were treated with activity restrictions. Weight-bearing restrictions were applied for a total of 83 (25%) cases, for durations ranging from 19 to 196 days (median: 46 days) and at similar rates across groups. Nonoperative treatment was successful in 189 (57%) knees with a median follow-up of 9.5 months (interquartile range: 5.9-15.7 months). Surgical intervention was required in 144 (43%) knees at a median time of 6.0 months (interquartile range: 4.1-10.5 months). The unloader bracing group more often required surgical intervention when compared with the nonunloader group [93/187 (50%) vs. 51/146 (35%) knees, respectively; P = 0.02]. Male sex (P = 0.05) and Hefti stage I (P = 0.05) showed possible associations with nonoperative treatment success. Nonoperative treatment for stable JOCD of the knee leads to the avoidance of subsequent surgical intervention in 57% of cases. Unloader bracing is not associated with significantly improved outcomes when compared with other nonoperative modalities. Level of Evidence: III Retrospective Comparative Case Series.


Asunto(s)
Tirantes , Articulación de la Rodilla/fisiopatología , Osteocondritis Disecante/terapia , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Análisis Multivariante , Estudios Retrospectivos , Soporte de Peso
16.
Muscle Nerve ; 61(1): 52-57, 2020 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588574

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Loss of ambulation in Duchenne muscular dystrophy presages scoliosis, respiratory failure, and death. Strategies to maintain ankle range of motion are employed, but little evidence exists to support these approaches and limited information is available concerning current practice. METHODS: In this study we assessed baseline bracing data from 187 boys participating in a multicenter, international clinical trial. RESULTS: Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) were recommended for 54% of the boys, with nighttime static AFOs and nighttime dynamic AFOs utilized in 94% and 6% of these boys, respectively. Daytime static AFOs were recommended for 3 boys. Compliance with bracing recommendations was 54% for nighttime static braces and 67% for nighttime dynamic braces. DISCUSSION: The basis for the variation in recommended AFO use is unknown and requires further study. Long-term follow-up of boys may permit assessment of the effects of AFO use.


Asunto(s)
Tobillo , Tirantes , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/rehabilitación , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/terapia , Articulación del Tobillo , Niño , Preescolar , Método Doble Ciego , Pie , Humanos , Masculino , Aparatos Ortopédicos , Cooperación del Paciente , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Rango del Movimiento Articular , Resultado del Tratamiento , Caminata
17.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 40(1): e25-e29, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30969199

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Foot abduction orthoses (FAO) are believed to decrease recurrence following treatment of congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) as described by Ponseti. The purpose of this project is to examine the outcomes of FAO bracing following treatment by the Ponseti method in a cohort of idiopathic CTEV patients. METHODS: After IRB approval, a cohort of patients aged 3 to 46 days with idiopathic CTEV was identified in a previous prospective study of brace compliance by family report and sensor. Dimeglio score and family demographic information were collected. Initial treatment was by the Ponseti method, with or without Achilles tenotomy. Following correction, patients had three months of full-time FAO bracing during which parents kept a log of compliance. Patients were followed until recurrence (need for further treatment) or age 5. RESULTS: In total, 42 patients with 64 affected feet met the above criteria and were included in the final analysis. Twenty-six feet (40%) went on to develop recurrence requiring further treatment, including casting, bracing, or surgery. Because of poor tolerance of the original FAO, 20 feet were transitioned to an alternative FAO, and 14 of these (70%) went on to recur (P<0.01). The casting duration (P=0.02) had a statistically significant relationship to recurrence. Patients who were casted for 9 weeks or more had a higher rate of recurrence (57.1% vs. 27.8%; P=0.02). Age at treatment start, Dimeglio score, demographic factors, and compliance during full-time bracing, whether by report or sensor, did not show a significant relationship with recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed a statistically significant relationship between the difficulty of CTEV correction and the risk of recurrent deformity requiring treatment. This relationship could be used to provide prognostic information for patients' families. Caregiver-reported compliance was not significantly related to recurrence. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III-Prognostic Retrospective Cohort Study.


Asunto(s)
Moldes Quirúrgicos , Pie Equinovaro/terapia , Ortesis del Pié , Tendón Calcáneo/cirugía , Tirantes , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Cooperación del Paciente , Estudios Prospectivos , Recurrencia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tenotomía , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 554, 2019 Nov 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747883

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Serial casting is a treatment for early onset scoliosis (EOS) in young children to achieve curve correction before bracing or to postpone initial surgical treatment until the patient is older. Good results have been reported for patients with idiopathic early onset scoliosis (IS). However, there are few reports of results in non-idiopathic cases, and the benefits of non-surgical methods in the syndromic-associated early onset scoliosis subgroup are unknown. METHODS: Retrospective single-institution study of patient charts and X-rays of all cases of sustained serial casting for EOS. Staged correction was obtained by applying three consecutive casts under general anaesthesia. These were changed every 4 weeks, followed by the implementation of a custom-made full-time Chêneau brace. Correction was measured by Cobb angle (CA) and rib-vertebra angle difference (RVAD) on whole spine anterior-posterior radiographs. Statistical analysis was performed via ANOVA. RESULTS: The study group consisted of 6 patiens with IS and 10 with non-idiopathic scoliosis (NIS) - exclusively syndromic-associated. The mean age at onset of treatment was 35 months (±15). The mean follow up was 21 months (±15). In IS patients average CA/RVAD before treatment was 46°(±8)/20°(±12). In NIS patients average CA/RVAD before treatment was 55°(±15)/24°(±14). After application of the third cast, the CA/RVAD was reduced to 20°(±11)/11°(±10) in IS patients. Whereas in NIS patients average CA/RVAD after the thrid cast was 28°(±12)/18°(±13). At latest follow-up the CA/RVAD was 16°(±7)/9°(±8) in IS patients and 31°(±11)/17° (±15) in NIS patients. CONCLUSION: Syndromic etiology is not a contraindication for serial casting in EOS. Our results show a curve correction, measured in CA, of 65% in IS patients and 44% in NIS patients. Significant reduction in the morphologic deformity, measured in RVAD, was achieved in the IS cohort, but not in the NIS cohort. In all cases surgical treatment could be delayed.


Asunto(s)
Tirantes/tendencias , Moldes Quirúrgicos/tendencias , Escoliosis/diagnóstico por imagen , Escoliosis/terapia , Preescolar , Diagnóstico Precoz , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos
19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 547, 2019 Nov 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739784

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The current gold standard for the treatment of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is reconstruction with tendon graft. Recently, two surgical ACL repair techniques have been developed for treating an acute ACL rupture: Dynamic Intraligamentary Stabilization (DIS, Ligamys®) and Internal Brace Ligament Augmentation (IBLA, InternalBrace™). We will conduct a single-blind, multi-center, randomized controlled trial which compares DIS, IBLA and reconstruction for relative clinical efficacy and economic benefit. METHODS: Subjects, aged 18-50 years, with a proximal, primary and repairable ACL rupture will be included. DIS is preferably performed within 4 weeks post-rupture, IBLA within 12 weeks and reconstruction after 4 weeks post-rupture. Patients are included in study 1 if they present within 0-4 weeks post-rupture and surgery is feasible within 4 weeks post-rupture. Patients of study 1 will be randomized to either DIS or IBLA. Patients are included in study 2 if they present after 4 weeks post-rupture and surgery is feasible between 5 and 12 weeks post-rupture. Patients of study 2 will be randomized to either IBLA or reconstruction. A total of 96 patients will be included, with 48 patients per study and 24 patients per study arm. Patients will be followed-up for 2 years. The primary outcome is change from baseline (pre-rupture) in International Knee Documentation Committee score to 6 months post-operatively. The main secondary outcomes are the EQ-5D-5 L, Tegner score, Lysholm score, Lachman test, isokinetic and proprioceptive measurements, magnetic resonance imaging outcome, return to work and sports, and re-rupture/failure rates. The statistical analysis will be based on the intention-to-treat principle. The economic impact of the surgery techniques will be evaluated by the cost-utility analysis. The LIBRƎ study is to be conducted between 2018 and 2022. DISCUSSION: This LIBRƎ study protocol is the first study to compare DIS, IBLA and ACL reconstruction for relative clinical efficacy and economic benefit. The outcomes of this study will provide data which could aid orthopaedic surgeons to choose between the different treatment options for the surgical treatment of an acute ACL rupture. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT03441295. Date registered 13.02.2018.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirugía , Reconstrucción del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirugía , Tirantes , Tendones Isquiotibiales/trasplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagen , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/fisiopatología , Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagen , Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/fisiopatología , Reconstrucción del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efectos adversos , Bélgica , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Recuperación de la Función , Método Simple Ciego , Factores de Tiempo , Trasplante Autólogo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
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