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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7715, 2024 04 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565575

RESUMEN

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) have found wide applications in medical and industrial fields. However, the toxic effect of various tissues is still under study. In this study, we evaluated the toxic effect of TiO2-NP on stomach, liver, and kidney tissues and the amelioration effect of clove oil nanoemulsion (CLV-NE) against DNA damage, oxidative stress, pathological changes, and the apoptotic effect of TiO2-NPs. Four groups of male mice were subjected to oral treatment for five consecutive days including, the control group, the group treated with TiO2-NPs (50 mg/kg), the group treated with (CLV-NE) (5% of the MTD), and the group treated with TiO2-NPs plus CLV-NE. The results revealed that the treatment with TiO2-NPs significantly caused DNA damage in the liver, stomach, and kidney tissues due to increased ROS as indicated by the reduction of the antioxidant activity of SOD and Gpx and increased MDA level. Further, abnormal histological signs and apoptotic effect confirmed by the significant elevation of p53 expression were reported after TiO2-NPs administration. The present data reported a significant improvement in the previous parameters after treatment with CLV-NE. These results showed the collaborative effect of the oils and the extra role of nanoemulsion in enhancing antioxidant effectiveness that enhances its disperse-ability and further promotes its controlled release. One could conclude that CLV-NE is safe and can be used as a powerful antioxidative agent to assess the toxic effects of the acute use of TiO2-NPs.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas del Metal , Nanopartículas , Ratones , Masculino , Animales , Aceite de Clavo/toxicidad , Nanopartículas/toxicidad , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Titanio/toxicidad , Daño del ADN
2.
J Oral Implantol ; 50(1): 45-49, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579112

RESUMEN

The stability of implant-abutment joint is fundamental for the long-term success of implant rehabilitation. The screw loosening, fracture, and head deformation are among the most common mechanical complications. Several surface treatments of titanium screws have been proposed to improve their resistance and stability. Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coating of the materials is widely used to increase their wear resistance and durability. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of carbon fiber coating on the screw head on screw removal torque and screw head stripping. One hundred titanium implant screws were used, 50 without coating (Group 1) and 50 with DLC coating of the screw head (Group 2). Each screw was tightened with a torque of 25 Ncm and unscrewed 10 times. The removal torque was measured with a digital cap torque tester for each loosening. Optical 3d measurement of the screw head surface was performed by a fully automatic machine before and after multiple tightening to investigate surface modifications. The reverse torque values decreased with repeated tightening and loosening cycles in both groups without significant differences (P > .05). Optical measurements of surface dimensions revealed average changes of 0.0357 mm in Group 1 and 0.02312 mm in Group 2, which resulted to be statistically significant (P < .001). The DLC coating of the retention screw head can prevent its distortion and wear, especially after multiple tightening.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Carbono , Titanio , Análisis del Estrés Dental/métodos , Torque , Tornillos Óseos , Pilares Dentales
3.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 33(1): 6-12, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583018

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Bioactive magnesium ions were successfully incorporated into the nanoporous titanium base coating by micro-arc oxidation(MAO), and its physical properties and osteogenic effects were explored. METHODS: Non-magnesium-containing and magnesium-containing titanium porous titanium coatings(MAO, MAO-mg) were prepared by changing the composition of MAO electrolyte and controlling the doping of magnesium in porous titanium coatings. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), roughness, contact angle and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS). Mg2+ release ability of magnesium-doped nanoporous titanium coatings was determined by inductively coupled plasma/optical emission spectrometer(ICP-OES). The structure of the cytoskeleton was determined by live/dead double staining, CCK-8 detection of material proliferation-toxicity, and staining of ß-actin using FITC-phalloidin. The effects of the coating on osteogenic differentiation in vitro were determined by alizarin red (ARS), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). SPSS 25.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The MAO electrolyte with magnesium ions did not change the surface characteristics of the porous titanium coating. Each group prepared by MAO had similar microporous structure(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in surface roughness and contact angle between MAO treatment group (MAO, MAO-mg)(P>0.05), but significantly higher than that of Ti group (P<0.05). With the passage of cell culture time, MAO-mg group promoted cell proliferation (P<0.05). MAO-mg group was significantly higher than other groups in ALP and ARS staining. The expression of Runx2 mRNA (P<0.05), ALP(P<0.05) and osteocalcin OCN(P<0.05) in MAO-mg group was significantly higher than that in Ti and MAO groups. CONCLUSIONS: MAO successfully prepared magnesium-containing nanoporous titanium coating, and showed a significant role in promoting osteogenic differentiation.


Asunto(s)
Nanoporos , Titanio , Titanio/farmacología , Magnesio/química , Magnesio/farmacología , Osteogénesis/genética , Electrólitos/farmacología , Iones/farmacología , Propiedades de Superficie , Materiales Biocompatibles Revestidos/farmacología , Materiales Biocompatibles Revestidos/química
4.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 33(1): 54-58, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583025

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the forming ability of four kinds of nickel-titanium instrument preparation resin for simulated curved root canal. METHODS: A total of 40 single bend resin simulated root canals were randomly divided into 4 groups with 10 in each group. Four kinds of nickel-titanium instruments (ProTaper, HyFlex EDM, WaveOne Gold and Reciproc Blue) were used for root canal preparation, and divided into group A, group B, group C and group D. The preparation time of the four groups was compared, the root canal images before and after preparation were analyzed by computer image analysis software, and the changes of the preparation time, curvature and curvature radius of the four groups were recorded. With the root tip as the center of the circle, the radius of 1-10 mm was selected as concentric circle arcs. The detection points were overlapping root canal intersection points. The resin removal amount and center positioning force of the inner and outer walls of the root canal at different detection points were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 20.0 software package. RESULTS: The root canal preparation time in group A was significant longer than that in group B, C and D(P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the curvature and curvature radius of the root canal among the four groups (P>0.05). The removal amount of resin from the root canal wall in group C was significant lower than that in group A, B and D (P<0.05) when the distance from the detection point to the apical foramina was 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10 mm, respectively. The removal amount of resin from the outer wall of the root canal in group C was significant lower than that in group A, B and D (P<0.05) when the distance from the detection point to the apical foramina was 5, 6, 7, 9 and 10 mm, respectively. The root tip offset of group A from the detection point to the apical hole of 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 mm was significant greater than that of group B, C and D(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Among the four instruments, ProTaper has the largest apical deviation, HyFlex EDM, WaveOne Gold and Reciproc Blue have better ability of root canal forming.


Asunto(s)
Cavidad Pulpar , Titanio , Níquel , Instrumentos Dentales , Preparación del Conducto Radicular/métodos , Diseño de Equipo
5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 259, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566097

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Modular neck femoral stems are advantageous because they can accurately restore the ideal hip geometry using various options in terms of offset, length, and version. However, there are concerns regarding junctional problems. Despite several reports on such issues, there is a lack of study on mid- to long-term results of these stems. The current study evaluated the mid-term results of patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty using a titanium-titanium (Ti-Ti) modular neck femoral stem. METHODS: In total, data on 47 hips (42 patients) that could be followed-up for ≥ 5 years after primary total hip arthroplasty using the Ti-Ti modular neck femoral stem from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed. There were 22 male and 20 female patients, and their mean age was 56.3 (range: 31-76) years. The mean follow-up period was 8 (range: 5-12) years. Functional and radiological outcomes, complications, and reoperations were investigated. In addition, we conducted a comparative analysis of the outcomes between those who underwent surgery using the Ti-Ti modular neck femoral stem and 41 hips (35 patients, 19 males and 16 females) that underwent primary total hip arthroplasty using nonmodular femoral stems as a control. RESULTS: In all Ti-Ti cases, the mean Harris Hip Scores were 50.6 (range: 6-59) preoperatively and 92.7 (range: 78-99) at the last follow-up (P < 0.001). Regarding the neck component's modularity, straight neck components were used in all Ti-Ti cases, and an anteverted or a retroverted neck was not used in any case. Stem revision was performed in one hip due to aseptic loosening. One hip underwent open reduction and internal fixation due to periprosthetic fracture without stem loosening. There were no cases of osteolysis and periprosthetic joint infection and clinically detectable junctional problems. The stem survival rate, with any stem revision as the endpoint, at 12 years was 96.6%. No significant difference was observed in the functional and radiological outcomes beween the Ti-Ti and nonmodular groups. CONCLUSIONS: The Ti-Ti modular neck femoral stem had comparable results with broadly used nonmodular femoral stems; hence, it can be a reliable option in primary total hip arthroplasty. However, in terms of the modularity itself of the modular neck femoral stem, whether the modular neck femoral stem is useful in uncomplicated primary total hip arthroplasty is unclear.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Prótesis de Cadera , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Titanio , Diseño de Prótesis , Estudios Retrospectivos , Reoperación , Estudios de Seguimiento , Falla de Prótesis
6.
Skin Res Technol ; 30(4): e13687, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566505

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The physical appearance of an individual plays a primary role as it influences the opinion of the viewer. For this reason, orthodontic therapy to improve perceived aesthetics is in high demand among patients. This factor, combined with the increase in the number of non-invasive facial aesthetic treatments, has led to the need to understand potential risk factors in the application of medical devices to the perioral skin in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro heating of the orthodontic bracket following electromagnetic fields and negative pressure (V-EMF) used as an anti-aging treatment. METHODS: Two different types of titanium alloy wires, one made of "beta-Titanium" alloy and the other "Ni-Ti" (DW Lingual Systems GmbH-Bad Essen-Germany) were used. The orthodontic wires and brackets mounted on a resin mouth were covered with porcine muscle tissue, then subjected to anti-aging therapy with a Bi-one LifeTouchTherapy medical device (Expo Italia Srl-Florence-Italy) which generates a combination of vacuum and electromagnetic fields (V-EMF) already adopted for antiaging therapy. During administration of the therapy, the orthodontic brackets and porcine tissue were thermally monitored using a Wavetek Materman TMD90 thermal probe (Willtek Communications GmbH-Germany). In total 20 orthodontic mouths were used, 10 with Beta Titanium wires and 10 with Nickel Titanium wires. RESULTS: A temperature increase of about 1°C was recorded in each group. The outcome of the present research shows that the absolute temperatures measured on orthodontic appliances, which, despite having a slightly different curve, both show an increase in temperature of 1.1°C at the end of the session, thus falling well within the safety range of 2°C as specified by the standard CENELEC EN 45502-1. Therefore, V-EMF therapy can be considered safe for the entire dental system and for metal prostheses, which tend to heat up at most as much as biological tissue (+0.9°C/1.1°C vs. 1.1°C/1.1°C). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, anti-aging therapy with V-EMF causes a thermal increase on orthodontic brackets that is not harmful to pulp health.


Asunto(s)
Campos Electromagnéticos , Níquel , Titanio , Humanos , Animales , Porcinos , Vacio , Calefacción , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Aleaciones , Ensayo de Materiales
7.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299896, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568900

RESUMEN

The objective was to evaluate the effect of glide path and coronal flaring on the dentin volume removal and percentage of touched walls in curved canals using two heat-treated rotary files. The mesiobuccal canal of forty-eight, randomly selected, extracted mandibular molars was divided into two groups of 24 each, according to the type of instrument used (RACE EVO and EdgeSequel rotary files). Each group was further divided into three subgroups; Group (A): Control using one file shaped to 04/30, Group (B) with a glide path (EdgeGlidePath (EGP)), and Group (C): with a glide path and coronal flaring (EGP and EdgeTaper Platinum (ETP) SX file respectively). The root canals were then instrumented using the assigned instruments. The assessment was carried out using micro-CT. The comparison of the mean values of the tested groups about dentin volume removal and percentage of untouched walls did not reach statistical significance (p<0.05). Glide path and coronal flaring had an insignificant effect on the dentin volume removal and percentage of untouched walls in curved canals.


Asunto(s)
Calor , Níquel , Preparación del Conducto Radicular , Microtomografía por Rayos X/métodos , Preparación del Conducto Radicular/métodos , Aleaciones , Titanio , Cavidad Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagen , Cavidad Pulpar/cirugía , Diseño de Equipo
8.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 135, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570796

RESUMEN

AIMS: We investigated the effects of intraperitoneal injections of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs, 100 mg/kg) for 5 consecutive days on the developmental competence of murine oocytes. Furthermore, study the effects of TiO2 NPs on antioxidant and oxidative stress biomarkers, as well as their effects on expression of apoptotic and hypoxia inducing factor-1α (HIF1A) protein translation. Moreover, the possible ameliorating effects of intraperitoneal injections of fructose (2.75 mM/ml) was examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty sexually mature (8-12 weeks old; ~ 25 g body weight) female mice were used for the current study. The female mice were assigned randomly to three treatment groups: Group1 (G1) mice were injected intraperitoneal (ip) with deionized water for 5 consecutive days; Group 2 (G2) mice were injected ip with TiO2 NPs (100 mg/kg BW) for 5 consecutive days; Group 3 (G3) mice were injected ip with TiO2 NPs (100 mg/kg BW + fructose (2.75 mM) for 5 consecutive days. RESULTS: Nano-titanium significantly decreased expression of GSH, GPx, and NO, expression of MDA and TAC increased. The rates of MI, MII, GVBD and degenerated oocytes were significantly less for nano-titanium treated mice, but the rate of activated oocytes was significantly greater than those in control oocytes. TiO2 NPs significantly increased expression of apoptotic genes (BAX, Caspase 3 and P53) and HIF1A. Intraperitoneal injection of fructose (2.75 mM/kg) significantly alleviated the detrimental effects of TiO2 NPs. Transmission electron microscopy indicated that fructose mitigated adverse effects of TiO2 NPs to alter the cell surface of murine oocytes. CONCLUSION: Results of this study suggest that the i/p infusion of fructose for consecutive 5 days enhances development of murine oocytes and decreases toxic effects of TiO2 NPs through positive effects on oxidative and antioxidant biomarkers in cumulus-oocyte complexes and effects to inhibit TiO2-induced increases in expression of apoptotic and hypoxia inducing factors.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas del Metal , Nanopartículas , Ratones , Femenino , Animales , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Hígado/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Titanio/toxicidad , Oocitos , Hipoxia/metabolismo , Hipoxia/veterinaria , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Nanopartículas del Metal/toxicidad
9.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(4): 226, 2024 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558261

RESUMEN

The focus of this paper is laid on synthesizing layered compounds of CuMoO4 and Ti3C2Tx using a simple wet chemical etching method and sonochemical method to enable rapid detection of rutin using an electrochemical sensor. Following structural examinations using XRD, surface morphology analysis using SEM, and chemical composition state analysis using XPS, the obtained CuMoO4/Ti3C2Tx nanocomposite electrocatalyst was confirmed and characterized. By employing cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry, the electrochemical properties of rutin on a CuMoO4/Ti3C2Tx modified electrode were examined, including its stability and response to variations in pH, loading, sweep rate, and interference. The CuMoO4/Ti3C2Tx modified electrode demonstrates rapid rutin sensing under optimal conditions and offers a linear range of 1 µΜ to 15 µΜ, thereby improving the minimal detection limit (LOD) to 42.9 nM. According to electrochemical analysis, the CuMoO4/Ti3C2Tx electrode also demonstrated cyclic stability and long-lasting anti-interference capabilities. The CuMoO4/Ti3C2Tx nanocomposite demonstrated acceptable recoveries when used to sense RT in apple and grape samples. In comparison to other interfering sample analytes encountered in the current study, the developed sensor demonstrated high selectivity and anti-interference performance. As a result, our research to design of high-performance electrochemical sensors in the biomedical and therapeutic fields.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Nanocompuestos , Titanio , Cromatografía de Gases , Rutina
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7959, 2024 04 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575608

RESUMEN

Cranial reconstructions are essential for restoring both function and aesthetics in patients with craniofacial deformities or traumatic injuries. Titanium prostheses have gained popularity due to their biocompatibility, strength, and corrosion resistance. The use of Superplastic Forming (SPF) and Single Point Incremental Forming (SPIF) techniques to create titanium prostheses, specifically designed for cranial reconstructions was investigated in an ovine model through microtomographic and histomorphometric analyses. The results obtained from the explanted specimens revealed significant variations in bone volume, trabecular thickness, spacing, and number across different regions of interest (VOIs or ROIs). Those regions next to the center of the cranial defect exhibited the most immature bone, characterized by higher porosity, decreased trabecular thickness, and wider trabecular spacing. Dynamic histomorphometry demonstrated differences in the mineralizing surface to bone surface ratio (MS/BS) and mineral apposition rate (MAR) depending on the timing of fluorochrome administration. A layer of connective tissue separated the prosthesis and the bone tissue. Overall, the study provided validation for the use of cranial prostheses made using SPF and SPIF techniques, offering insights into the processes of bone formation and remodeling in the implanted ovine model.


Asunto(s)
Miembros Artificiales , Titanio , Ovinos , Animales , Humanos , Prótesis e Implantes , Implantación de Prótesis , Osteogénesis , Oveja Doméstica , Cráneo/diagnóstico por imagen , Aleaciones , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7940, 2024 04 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575777

RESUMEN

Bacterial infections triggered by patient or healthcare worker contact with surfaces are a major cause of medically acquired infections. By controlling the kinetics of tetrabutyl titanate hydrolysis and condensation during the sol-gel process, it is possible to regulate the content of Ti3+ and oxygen vacancies (OVs) in TiO2, and adjust the associated visible light-induced photocatalytic performance and anti-bacterial adhesion properties. The results have shown that the Ti3+ content in TiO2 was 9.87% at the calcination temperature of the reaction system was 300 °C and pH was 1.0, corresponding to optimal photocatalytic and hydrophilic properties. The formation of a hydrated layer on the superhydrophilic surface provided resistance to bacterial adhesion, preventing cross-contamination on high-touch surfaces. The excellent photocatalytic self-cleaning performance and anti-bacterial adhesion properties can be attributed to synergistic effects associated with the high specific surface area of TiO2 nanoparticles, the mesoporous structure, and the presence of Ti3+ and OVs. The formation of superhydrophilic self-cleaning surfaces under visible light can serve as the basis for the development of a new class of anti-bacterial adhesion materials.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas , Titanio , Humanos , Titanio/farmacología , Titanio/química , Catálisis , Propiedades de Superficie , Luz , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Antibacterianos/química , Nanopartículas/química
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7624, 2024 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561345

RESUMEN

It is known that titanium (Ti) implant surfaces exhibit poor antibacterial properties and osteogenesis. In this study, chitosan particles loaded with aspirin, amoxicillin or aspirin + amoxicillin were synthesized and coated onto implant surfaces. In addition to analysing the surface characteristics of the modified Ti surfaces, the effects of the modified Ti surfaces on the adhesion and viability of rat bone marrow-derived stem cells (rBMSCs) were evaluated. The metabolic activities of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) biofilms on the modified Ti surfaces were also measured in vitro. Moreover, S. aureus was tested for its antibacterial effect by coating it in vivo. Using water as the droplet medium, the contact angles of the modified Ti surfaces increased from 44.12 ± 1.75° to 58.37 ± 4.15°. In comparison to those of the other groups tested, significant increases in rBMSC adhesion and proliferation were observed in the presence of aspirin + amoxicillin-loaded microspheres, whereas a significant reduction in the metabolic level of biofilms was observed in the presence of aspirin + amoxicillin-loaded microspheres both in vitro and in vivo. Aspirin and amoxicillin could be used in combination to coat implant surfaces to mitigate bacterial activities and promote osteogenesis.


Asunto(s)
Amoxicilina , Quitosano , Indoles , Polímeros , Ratas , Animales , Amoxicilina/farmacología , Aspirina/farmacología , Titanio/farmacología , Quitosano/farmacología , Osteogénesis , Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Propiedades de Superficie , Materiales Biocompatibles Revestidos/farmacología
13.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 127, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561720

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas putida is a pathogenic bacterium that induces great losses in fishes, including Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Currently, the application of nanomaterials in aquaculture practices has gained more success as it endows promising results in therapies compared to traditional protocols. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the current perspective is considered the first report to assess the anti-bacterial efficacy of titanium dioxide nanogel (TDNG) against Pseudomonas putida (P. putida) in Nile tilapia. METHODS: The fish (n = 200; average body weight: 47.50±1.32 g) were allocated into four random groups (control, TDNG, P. putida, and TDNG + P. putida), where 0.9 mg/L of TDNG was applied as bath treatment for ten days. RESULTS: Outcomes revealed that P. putida infection caused ethological alterations (surfacing, abnormal movement, and aggression) and depression of immune-antioxidant variables (complement 3, lysozyme activity, total antioxidant capacity, superoxide dismutase, and reduced glutathione content). Additionally, a substantial elevation in hepatorenal biomarkers (aspartate and alanine aminotransferases and creatinine) with clear histopathological changes and immuno-histochemical alterations (very weak BCL-2 and potent caspase-3 immuno-expressions) were seen. Surprisingly, treating P. putida-infected fish with TDNG improved these variables and obvious restoration of the tissue architectures. CONCLUSION: Overall, this report encompasses the key role of TDNG as an anti-bacterial agent for controlling P. putida infection and improving the health status of Nile tilapia.


Asunto(s)
Cíclidos , Enfermedades de los Peces , Polietilenglicoles , Polietileneimina , Pseudomonas putida , Titanio , Animales , Antioxidantes , Nanogeles , Dieta , Suplementos Dietéticos , Alimentación Animal/análisis , Enfermedades de los Peces/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedades de los Peces/microbiología
14.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 210, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561755

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to biomimetic design a new 3D-printed lattice hemipelvis prosthesis and evaluate its clinical efficiency for pelvic reconstruction following tumor resection, focusing on feasibility, osseointegration, and patient outcomes. METHODS: From May 2020 to October 2021, twelve patients with pelvic tumors underwent tumor resection and subsequently received 3D-printed lattice hemipelvis prostheses for pelvic reconstruction. The prosthesis was strategically incorporated with lattice structures and solid to optimize mechanical performance and osseointegration. The pore size and porosity were analyzed. Patient outcomes were assessed through a combination of clinical and radiological evaluations. RESULTS: Multiple pore sizes were observed in irregular porous structures, with a wide distribution range (approximately 300-900 µm). The average follow-up of 34.7 months, ranging 26 from to 43 months. One patient with Ewing sarcoma died of pulmonary metastasis 33 months after surgery while others were alive at the last follow-up. Postoperative radiographs showed that the prosthesis's position was consistent with the preoperative planning. T-SMART images showed that the host bone was in close and tight contact with the prosthesis with no gaps at the interface. The average MSTS score was 21 at the last follow-up, ranging from 18 to 24. There was no complication requiring revision surgery or removal of the 3D-printed hemipelvis prosthesis, such as infection, screw breakage, and prosthesis loosening. CONCLUSION: The newly designed 3D-printed lattice hemipelvis prosthesis created multiple pore sizes with a wide distribution range and resulted in good osteointegration and favorable limb function.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Óseas , Neoplasias Pélvicas , Humanos , Diseño de Prótesis , Biomimética , Titanio , Implantación de Prótesis/métodos , Neoplasias Pélvicas/cirugía , Neoplasias Óseas/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Óseas/cirugía , Neoplasias Óseas/patología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Impresión Tridimensional
15.
PeerJ ; 12: e17178, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590702

RESUMEN

Gregory's diverticulum, a digestive tract structure unique to a derived group of sand dollars (Echinoidea: Scutelliformes), is filled with sand grains obtained from the substrate the animals inhabit. The simple methods of shining a bright light through a specimen or testing response to a magnet can reveal the presence of a mineral-filled diverticulum. Heavy minerals with a specific gravity of >2.9 g/cm3 are selectively concentrated inside the organ, usually at concentrations one order of magnitude, or more, greater than found in the substrate. Analyses of diverticulum content for thirteen species from nine genera, using optical mineralogy, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, as well as micro-computed tomography shows the preference for selection of five major heavy minerals: magnetite (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), ilmenite (FeTiO3), rutile (TiO2), and zircon (ZrSiO4). Minor amounts of heavy or marginally heavy amphibole, pyroxene and garnet mineral grains may also be incorporated. In general, the animals exhibit a preference for mineral grains with a specific gravity of >4.0 g/cm3, although the choice is opportunistic and the actual mix of mineral species depends on the mineral composition of the substrate. The animals also select for grain size, with mineral grains generally in the range of 50 to 150 µm, and do not appear to alter this preference during ontogeny. A comparison of analytical methods demonstrates that X-ray attenuation measured using micro-computed tomography is a reliable non-destructive method for heavy mineral quantification when supported by associated analyses of mineral grains extracted destructively from specimens or from substrate collected together with the specimens. Commonalities in the electro-chemical surface properties of the ingested minerals suggest that such characteristics play an important role in the selection process.


Asunto(s)
Titanio , Circonio , Animales , Titanio/química , Microtomografía por Rayos X , Minerales/análisis , Hierro/química , Erizos de Mar
16.
Luminescence ; 39(4): e4737, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587084

RESUMEN

The predominant method for pest control has been the use of pesticides, which have been shown to have detrimental effects on soil, freshwater, and crop quality. Therefore, the development of novel and sustainable crop protection strategies has become increasingly imperative. In this study, a novel orange-red emitting Ba2SrWO6: Sm3+ phosphor was synthesized using the high-temperature solid-state reaction. Under ultraviolet excitation, the phosphors showed obvious emission peaks at 575, 614, and 662 nm. The Ba2SrWO6: Sm3+ was used to fabricate a fluorescence film with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and attracted twice as many insects as the blank control group under 365 nm ultraviolet light. This material holds great potential as a fluorescent agent for insect trapping in the pest control fields of tea, cotton, eggplant, rice, potato, grape, and other agricultural industries. Our findings provide an eco-friendly approach to pest management for the increment of food production.


Asunto(s)
Luminiscencia , Óxidos , Samario , Compuestos de Calcio , Titanio
17.
Biomed Phys Eng Express ; 10(3)2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564254

RESUMEN

The high demand for bone grafts has motivated the development of implants with excellent osteogenic activity, whereas the risk of implant-associated infection, particularly given the rise of antimicrobial resistance, has compelled the development of implants with innovative antimicrobial strategies in which a small amount of bactericidal agent can effectively kill a wide range of bacteria. To induce antibacterial property, the surface of Grade-5 bone plate titanium implants used in clinical applications was modified using direct current (DC) sputter coating followed by thermal annealing. The 15 nm silver film-coated implants were thermally annealed in the furnace for 15 min at 750 °C. The modified implant surface's antibacterial efficacy againstEscherichia coli(E. coli),Staphylococcus aureus(S. aureus),Salmonella typhi, andMethicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureusbacteria has been assessed using a colony-forming assay. On the modified implant surface, the growth ofE. coliandS. aureusbacteria is reduced by 99.72%, while highly drug-resistant bacteria are inhibited by 96.59%. The MTT assay was used to assess the cytotoxicity of the modified bone-implant surface against NIH3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. The modified bone-implant surface promoted fibroblast growth and demonstrated good cytocompatibility. Furthermore, the mechanical properties of the implant were not harmed by this novel surface modification method. This method is simple and provides new insight into surface modification of commercial metallic implants to have effective antibacterial properties against various classes of bacteria.


Asunto(s)
Aleaciones , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina , Plata , Animales , Ratones , Titanio , Placas Óseas , Escherichia coli , Células 3T3 NIH , Staphylococcus aureus , Antibacterianos/farmacología
18.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 172-180, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597077

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The effect of TiO2 nanotube morphology on the differentiation potency of senescent periodontal ligament stem cells was investigated. METHODS: Two types of titanium sheets with TiO2 nanotube morphology (20V-NT and 70V-NT) were prepared via anodic oxidation at 20 and 70 V separately, and their surface morphology was observed. Young periodontal ligament stem cells were cultivated in an osteogenic induction medium, and the most effective surface morphology in promoting osteogenic differentiation was selected. RO3306 and Nutlin-3a were used to induce the aging of young periodontal ligament stem cells, and senescent periodontal ligament stem cells were obtained. The osteogenic differentiation of senescent periodontal ligament stem cells was induced, and the effect of surface morphology on osteogenic differentiation was observed. RESULTS: Nanotube morphology was achieved on the surfaces of titanium sheets through anodic oxidation, and the diameters of the nanotubes increased with voltage. A significant difference in the effect of nanotube morphology was found among nanotubes with different diameters in the young periodontal ligament stem cells. The surface nanotube morphology of 20V-NT had a more significant effect that promoted osteogenic differentiation. Compared with a smooth titanium sheet, the surface nanotube morphology of 20V-NT increased the number of alkaline phosphatase-positive senescent periodontal ligament stem cells and promoted calcium deposition and the expression of osteogenic marker genes Runt-related transcription factor 2, osteopontin, and osteocalcin. CONCLUSIONS: A special nanotube morphology enhances the differentiation ability of senescent periodontal ligament stem cells, provides an effective method for periodontal regeneration, and further improves the performance of implants.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Osteogénesis , Ligamento Periodontal/metabolismo , Titanio/metabolismo , Titanio/farmacología , Células Madre , Diferenciación Celular , Proliferación Celular , Células Cultivadas , Fosfatasa Alcalina/genética , Fosfatasa Alcalina/metabolismo , Fosfatasa Alcalina/farmacología
19.
Luminescence ; 39(4): e4734, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576335

RESUMEN

Simultaneously improving the stability and photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of all inorganic perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) is crucial for their practical utilization in various optoelectronic devices. Here, CsPbBr3 NCs coated with polyethersulfone (PES) were prepared via an in-situ co-precipitation method. The sulfone groups in PES bind to undercoordinated lead ion (Pb2+) on the CsPbBr3 NCs, resulting in significant reduction of surface defects, thus enhancing the PLQY from 74.2% to 88.3%. Meanwhile, the PES-coated NCs exhibit high water resistance and excellent heat and light stability, maintaining over 85% of the initial PL intensity under thermal aging (70°C, 4 h) and continuous 365 nm ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation (24 W, 8 h) conditions. By contrast, the PL intensity of the control NCs dramatically dropped to less than 40%. Finally, a diode emitting bright white light was fabricated utilizing the PES-coated CsPbBr3 NCs, which exhibits a color gamut of ~110% NTSC standard.


Asunto(s)
Compuestos de Calcio , Nanopartículas , Óxidos , Polímeros , Titanio , Sulfonas
20.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 255, 2024 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594377

RESUMEN

Perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) are novel nanomaterials wherein perovskites are used to formulate quantum dots (QDs). The present study utilizes the excellent fluorescence quantum yields of these nanomaterials to detect 16S rRNA of circulating microbiome for risk assessment of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). A long short-term memory (LSTM) deep learning model was used to find the association of the circulating bacterial species with CVD risk, which showed the abundance of three different bacterial species (Bauldia litoralis (BL), Hymenobacter properus (HYM), and Virgisporangium myanmarense (VIG)). The observations suggested that the developed nano-sensor provides high sensitivity, selectivity, and applicability. The observed sensitivities for Bauldia litoralis, Hymenobacter properus, and Virgisporangium myanmarense were 0.606, 0.300, and 0.281 fg, respectively. The developed sensor eliminates the need for labelling, amplification, quantification, and biochemical assessments, which are more labour-intensive, time-consuming, and less reliable. Due to the rapid detection time, user-friendly nature, and stability, the proposed method has a significant advantage in facilitating point-of-care testing of CVDs in the future. This may also facilitate easy integration of the approach into various healthcare settings, making it accessible and valuable for resource-constrained environments.


Asunto(s)
Alphaproteobacteria , Compuestos de Calcio , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Aprendizaje Profundo , Micromonosporaceae , Óxidos , Puntos Cuánticos , Titanio , Humanos , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico
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