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1.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 22(1): 160-174, ene.-jun. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-1155521

RESUMEN

Há crescente interesse sobre o comportamento abusivo sofrido por trabalhadores nas cozinhas de restaurantes comerciais, uma vez que agressões físicas e verbais parecem ser comuns neste contexto laboral. Este estudo objetivou identificar a prevalência do assédio moral e descrever as características das situações em que ele ocorre entre trabalhadores da gastronomia. Participaram do estudo 160 indivíduos com graduação em gastronomia, sendo que 95 eram do sexo feminino (59,4%), com idade média de 30,81 anos (DP = 8,34). Os mesmos responderam ao Questionário Biossociodemográfico e Laboral e ao Questionário de Atos Negativos, cujos dados foram analisados descritivamente. Os resultados indicaram elevados índices de prevalência de assédio moral (63,1%) e de violência psicológica (33,8%), que alertam sobre a importância de divulgar informações sobre o assédio moral e seus prejuízos, visando a uma maneira mais saudável de gerenciar e trabalhar na cozinha.


Great interest in abusive behavior suffered by workers in commercial restaurant kitchens was observed. In this work context, verbal and physical aggression seems to be common. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of moral harassment and describe the characteristics of the situations in which it occurs among gastronomy workers. Participants were 160 individuals undergraduate in gastronomy and 95 were female (59.4%), that have an average age of 30.81 years (SD = 8.34). The participants answered the Biosociodemographic and Labor Questionnaire and the Negative Acts Questionnaire, whose data were analyzed descriptively. The results indicated high prevalence rates of moral harassment (63.1%) and psychological violence (33.8%), which warn the importance of disclosing information about bullying and its harms, aiming at a healthier way to manage and work in the kitchen.


Una creciente preocupación por el comportamiento abusivo que sufren los trabajadores en las cocinas de restaurantes comerciales ha sido observada. Esta agresión puede ser verbal o física y parece ser común en este contexto laboral. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar la prevalencia del bullying y describir las características de las situaciones en las que ocurre entre los trabajadores de la gastronomía. Los participantes fueron 160 individuos con un título en gastronomía, de los cuales 95 eran mujeres (59.4%), con una edad promedio de 30.81 años (DE = 8.34). Los participantes respondieron el Cuestionario Biosociodemográfico y Laboral y el Cuestionario de Actos Negativos, cuyos datos fueron analizados descriptivamente. Los resultados indicaron altas tasas de prevalencia de acoso moral (63.1%) y violencia psicológica (33.8%), que advierten sobre la importancia de divulgar información sobre el acoso y sus daños, con el objetivo de una forma más saludable de manejar y trabajar en la cocina.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Restaurantes , Trabajo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Culinaria , Agresión , Acoso Escolar , Violencia Laboral , Grupos Profesionales
2.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 22(1): 129-144, ene.-jun. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-1155519

RESUMEN

Este estudo tem por objetivo discutir a atuação clínica da Psicologia em um serviço de apoio ao estudante universitário dentro de uma Instituição de Ensino Superior pública, por meio de um relato de experiência. Apresenta-se uma breve descrição do serviço, a implementação de um processo de triagem, a relação terapeuta e paciente, a psicoterapia breve, algumas queixas mais recorrentes no serviço, bem como limitações e potencialidades da atuação. Assim, entende-se que o trabalho psicoterapêutico de caráter breve, ainda que seja atravessado por desafios institucionais de ordem burocrática e administrativa, consegue ser efetivo e é valorizado pela comunidade acadêmica. Evidencia-se que a atuação clínica no contexto da educação superior é um campo profissional que pode ser mais explorado pela Psicologia.


In this article, we aim to discuss the clinical performance of Psychology in support service for university students within a Public Higher Education Institution, through an experience report. We present a brief description of the service, the implementation of a screening process, the relationship between therapist and patient, brief psychotherapy, more recurring complaints in the service, as well as limitations and potentialities of performance. Thus, we understand that psychotherapeutic work of a brief nature, even though it is traversed by institutional bureaucratic and administrative challenges, manages to be effective and is valued by the academic community. It is evident then that clinical practice in the context of College Education is a professional field that can be further explored by Psychology.


En este artículo, nuestro objetivo es discutir el desempeño clínico de la Psicología en un servicio de apoyo para estudiantes universitarios dentro de una institución pública de educación superior, a través de un informe de experiencia. Presentamos una breve descripción del servicio, la implementación de un proceso de detección, la relación entre terapeuta y paciente, psicoterapia breve, quejas más frecuentes en el servicio, así como limitaciones y potencialidades de desempeño. Así, entendemos que el trabajo psicoterapéutico breve, aunque esté atravesado por desafíos institucionales burocráticos y administrativos, logra ser efectivo y es valorado por la comunidad académica. Es evidente entonces que la práctica clínica en el contexto de la Educación Superior es un campo profesional que la Psicología puede seguir explorando.


Asunto(s)
Psicología , Psicología Clínica , Psicoterapia Breve , Servicios de Salud para Estudiantes , Estudiantes , Universidades , Trabajo , Educación Superior
3.
Barbarói ; (58): 154-171, jan.-jun. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-1150837

RESUMEN

O suicídio é considerado um problema de saúde pública pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), mas pouco se estuda qual a ligação desse fenômeno complexo junto as expressões da questão social. Este trabalho tem como objetivo compreender a influência do capitalismo no adoecimento da classe trabalhadora e de que forma as expressões da questão social influenciam no desejo de morte do trabalhador. Tendo como resultados o entendimento de que as expressões da questão social produzidas pela sociedade capitalista têm forte influência no desejo de morte dos trabalhadores, sendo necessário além de respostas individuais, respostas coletivas de enfrentamento a essa demanda.(AU)


The World Health Organization (WHO) considers suicide to be a public health issue, but very few studies have been made the connection of this complex phenomenon with the expression of social questions. The goal of this essay if to comprehend the influence of capitalism with the sickening of the working class and in what ways does the expressions of the social questions influence the desire to die of the worker. Having as results the comprehensions that the expressions of social questions produces by capitalist society has a strong influence in the desire do die by workers, being necessary more than just individual responses, but also collective responses to cope with this demand.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estrés Psicológico , Suicidio , Desempleo , Trabajo , Capitalismo , Salud Pública
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(16): e25425, 2021 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879672

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association guidelines recommend switching chest compression providers at least every 2 min depending on their fatigue during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Although the provider's heart rate is widely used as an objective indicator for detecting fatigue, the accuracy of this measure is debatable. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine whether real-time heart rate is a measure of fatigue in compression providers. STUDY DESIGN: A simulation-based prospective interventional study including 110 participants. METHODS: Participants performed chest compressions in pairs for four cycles using advanced cardiovascular life support simulation. Each participant's heart rate was measured using wearable healthcare devices, and qualitative variables regarding individual compressions were obtained from computerized devices. The primary outcome was correct depth of chest compressions. The main exposure was the change in heart rate, defined as the difference between the participant's heart rate during individual compressions and that before the simulation was initiated. RESULTS: With a constant compression duration for one cycle, the overall accuracy of compression depth significantly decreased with increasing heart rate. Female participants displayed significantly decreased accuracy of compression depth with increasing heart rate (odds ratio [OR]: 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.95-0.98; P < .001). Conversely, male participants displayed significantly improved accuracy with increasing heart rate (OR: 1.03; 95% CI: 1.02-1.04; P < .001). CONCLUSION: Increasing heart rate could reflect fatigue in providers performing chest compressions with a constant duration for one cycle. Thus, provider rotation should be considered according to objectively measured fatigue during CPR.


Asunto(s)
Reanimación Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Auxiliares de Urgencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Fatiga/fisiopatología , Frecuencia Cardíaca/fisiología , Enfermedades Profesionales/fisiopatología , Adulto , Reanimación Cardiopulmonar/educación , Auxiliares de Urgencia/educación , Fatiga/diagnóstico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maniquíes , Enfermedades Profesionales/diagnóstico , Estudios Prospectivos , Entrenamiento Simulado , Trabajo/fisiología , Adulto Joven
5.
Can J Occup Ther ; 88(1): 83-90, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749328

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND.: Restrictions implemented to control the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic may lead to disruptions in occupational balance among university students. PURPOSE.: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based time-use intervention on the occupational balance of university students. METHOD.: A total of 60 participants were randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups. The intervention group received eight sessions of web-based time management intervention, while the control group received a single-session web-based time management intervention. Pre-and post-intervention occupational balance of the participants was evaluated with Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ). FINDINGS.: The eight-session intervention was more effective than the single-session intervention in improving OBQ total scores and all individual OBQ item scores except for "Having sufficient things to do during a regular week." IMPLICATIONS.: Occupational therapists can implement web-based time management interventions to promote the occupational balance of university students during the Covid-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Intervención basada en la Internet , Terapia Ocupacional , Estudiantes , Administración del Tiempo , Equilibrio entre Vida Personal y Laboral , Adolescente , Eficiencia , Femenino , Humanos , Actividades Recreativas , Masculino , Autocuidado , Sueño , Universidades , Trabajo , Adulto Joven
6.
South Med J ; 114(3): 139-143, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655306

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Meaning at work has been proposed as one of the key drivers of professional burnout in healthcare, but few studies have simultaneously measured this relation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis of 1637 individuals at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, burnout was measured using the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory work-related subscale. RESULTS: Meaningful work was measured using items adapted from the Work as Meaning Inventory. The prevalence of work-related burnout increased with each level of diminished meaning at work. From the highest ("always") to the lowest ("never") level of meaning at work, the prevalence of burnout was: 13, 26, 57, 84, and 94%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Work-related burnout was inversely proportional to reported meaning at work in an academic medical center.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Docentes Médicos/psicología , Compromiso Laboral , Trabajo/psicología , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Centros Médicos Académicos , Adulto , Arkansas/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
7.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12198, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527667

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The health effects of telework, which was introduced extensively in the immediate context of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis in Japan, on teleworkers, their families, and non-teleworkers, are unknown. Accordingly, we developed a rapid health impact assessment (HIA) to evaluate positive and negative health effects of telework on these groups and recommended easily implementable countermeasures. METHODS: Immediately after an emergency was declared in Japan, we implemented a rapid, five-step HIA. We screened and categorized health effects of telework for the three above-mentioned groups, extracting their content, directionality, and likelihood. Following a scoping exercise to determine the HIA's overall implementation, five experienced occupational health physicians appraised and prioritized the screened items and added new items. We outlined specific countermeasures and disseminated the results on our website. A short-term evaluation was conducted by three external occupational health physicians and three nurses. RESULTS: Following screening and appraisal, 59, 29, and 27 items were listed for teleworkers, non-teleworkers, and family members of teleworkers, respectively, covering work, lifestyle, disease and medical care, and home and community. Targeted countermeasures focused on the work environment, business management, communications, and lifestyles for teleworkers; safety and medical guidelines, work prioritization, and regular communication for non-teleworkers; and shared responsibilities within families and communication outside families for family members of teleworkers. CONCLUSION: The HIA's validity and the countermeasures' practical applicability were confirmed by the external evaluators. They can be easily applied and adapted across diverse industries to mitigate the wider negative effects of telework and enhance its positive effects.


Asunto(s)
Evaluación del Impacto en la Salud , Salud Laboral , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Comunicación , Seguridad Computacional , Ejercicio Físico , Familia , Evaluación del Impacto en la Salud/métodos , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Japón , Estilo de Vida , Seguridad , Administración del Tiempo , Trabajo/psicología , Lugar de Trabajo/organización & administración
8.
Occup Med (Lond) ; 71(2): 86-94, 2021 04 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33598681

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Emerging cross-sectional reports find that the COVID-19 pandemic and related social restrictions negatively affect lifestyle behaviours and mental health in general populations. AIMS: To study the longitudinal impact of COVID-19 on work practices, lifestyle and well-being among desk workers during shelter-at-home restrictions. METHODS: We added follow-up after completion of a clinical trial among desk workers to longitudinally measure sedentary behaviour, physical activity, sleep, diet, mood, quality of life and work-related health using validated questionnaires and surveys. We compared outcomes assessed before and during COVID-19 shelter-at-home restrictions. We assessed whether changes in outcomes differed by remote working status (always, changed to or never remote) using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). RESULTS: Participants (N = 112; 69% female; mean (SD) age = 45.4 (12.3) years; follow-up = 13.5 (6.8) months) had substantial changes to work practices, including 72% changing to remote work. Deleterious changes from before to during shelter-at-home included: 1.3 (3.5)-h increase in non-workday sedentary behaviour; 0.7 (2.8)-point worsening of sleep quality; 8.5 (21.2)-point increase in mood disturbance; reductions in five of eight quality of life subscales; 0.5 (1.1)-point decrease in work-related health (P < 0.05). Other outcomes, including diet, physical activity and workday sedentary behaviour, remained stable (P ≥ 0.05). Workers who were remote before and during the pandemic had greater increases in non-workday sedentary behaviour and stress, with greater declines in physical functioning. Wake time was delayed overall by 41 (61) min, and more so in workers who changed to remote. CONCLUSIONS: Employers should consider supporting healthy lifestyle and well-being among desk workers during pandemic-related social restrictions, regardless of remote working status.


Asunto(s)
Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Estilo de Vida , Ocupaciones , Pandemias , Calidad de Vida , Trabajo , Adulto , Afecto , Dieta , Ejercicio Físico , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Trastornos del Humor/etiología , Conducta Sedentaria , Sueño , Estrés Psicológico , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0245885, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561180

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: During the catastrophic situation of the COVID-19 pandemic, the role of the health care workers (HCWs) is the most crucial, and their absenteeism, whether due to inability or unwillingness, becomes a major concern for the national health system. Hence, the present study aimed to determine the willingness and its associated factors to work during the COVID-19 pandemic among the physicians of Bangladesh. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from April 21 to May 10, 2020, using an online survey among the Bangladeshi physicians living in the country. Both univariate and multivariable binary logistic regression models were used to determine the predictors of the willingness of the physicians to work during the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: More than 69% physicians reported that they were willing to work during the COVID-19 pandemic, 8.9% reported that they were not willing, while 21.4% of participants were not sure about their willingness. Younger age, having experience of treating patients during previous pandemics, working in the emergency departments and high self-reported compliance to the recommended PPE were important predictors of being willing to work during COVID-19 pandemic. Concern for family and risk of transmitting the infection to family members were most commonly reported as major barriers of working during the pandemic (30%) followed by having comorbidities (25%), lack of adequate safety measures (25%), fear of being infected (12.2%), not involved in clinical practice (12.5%) etc. CONCLUSIONS: Though the majority of the physicians were willing to work during the COVID-19 pandemic, sufficient supply of PPE, support to maintain recommended quarantine and isolation policy after risky hospital duty along with adequate and effective training can increase their willingness to continue their sacred duty during this crucial pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Pandemias , Médicos/psicología , Adulto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Bangladesh/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Equipo de Protección Personal , Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Trabajo
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562476

RESUMEN

Coronaviruses (CoVs) are a large family of respiratory viruses that can cause mild to moderate illness. The new variant COVID-19 has started to spread rapidly since December 2019, posing a new threat to global health. To counter the spread of the virus, the Italian government forced the population to close all activities starting from 9 March 2020 to 4 May 2020. In this scenario, we conducted a cross-sectional study on a heterogeneous sample (average age of 28 ± 12 years, 62.6% females) of the University of Naples Federico II (Italy). The aim of the study was to describe the lifestyle change in the university population during quarantine for the COVID 19 pandemic. Participants compiled an online survey consisting of 3 sections: socio-demographic data, dietary behaviours, physical activity habits and psychological aspects. The different results by gender are: 90.8% of females continued to work from home (81.9% were students); 34.8% increased their physical activity; and, only 0.8% prefer ready meals. Whereas, the same percentage of men continued to work from home (90%), but only 72.1% were students (p < 0.001 vs. females), only 23.9% increased physical activity (p < 0.001) and 1.7% favous ready meals. Our data shows that the male population was more affected by isolation and quarantine reporting more unfavourable behavioural changes.


Asunto(s)
Dieta , Ejercicio Físico , Docentes , Pandemias , Estudiantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Cuarentena , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Trabajo , Adulto Joven
13.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245261, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465121

RESUMEN

We investigated what degree of risk of infection with COVID-19 is necessary so that people intend to stay home, even when doing so means losing their salary. We conducted an online survey across Brazil during the initial outbreak, in which 8,345 participants answered a questionnaire designed to identify the maximum tolerated risk (k') necessary for them to disregard social distancing recommendations and guarantee their salaries. Generalized linear mixed models, path analysis structural equation, and conditional interference classification tree were performed to further understand how sociodemographic factors impact k' and to establish a predictive model for the risk behavior of leaving home during the pandemic. We found that, on average, people tolerate 38% risk of infection to leave home and earn a full salary, but this number decreased to 13% when the individual risk perception of becoming ill from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 is considered. Furthermore, participants who have a medium-to-high household income and who are older than 35 years are more likely to be part of the risk-taking group who leave home regardless of the potential COVID-19 infection level; while participants over 45 years old and with good financial health are more likely to be part of the risk-averse group, who stay home at the expense of any salary offered. Our findings add to the political and public debate concerning lockdown strategies by showing that, contrary to supposition, people with low socioeconomic status are not more likely to ignore social distancing recommendations due to personal economic matters.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Asunción de Riesgos , Trabajo/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Brasil , Comercio/estadística & datos numéricos , Empleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Renta/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cuarentena/psicología , Conducta Social , Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos
14.
Epidemiol Health ; 43: e2021003, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33445825

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to identify the effect of physical activity at work on obesity and to analyze the contribution of socioeconomic factors and health behaviors to this association, which has been relatively little studied. METHODS: From the Korean National Cancer Center Community Cohort, a total of 5,587 adults (2,125 men; 3,462 women) aged more than 30 years living in rural areas were enrolled. Information on socio-demographic factors, health behaviors, and body mass index was gathered using face-to-face interviews and measurements of height and weight. RESULTS: Inverse associations were identified between vigorous-intensity physical activity at work and obesity in both men and women, while no association was found between vigorous-intensity physical activity during leisure time and obesity. High household income was independently associated with a lower risk of obesity among those who had low levels of vigorous-intensity physical activity at work. Vigorous physical activity at work showed an inverse association with obesity in rural areas where heavy manual labor is common. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate the necessity to account for various types of physical activity to improve the assessment and prevention of obesity.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Renta/estadística & datos numéricos , Obesidad/epidemiología , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , República de Corea/epidemiología
16.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 106, 2021 01 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422035

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Public health workers at the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) and primary health care institutes (PHIs) were among the main workers who implemented prevention, control, and containment measures. However, their efforts and health status have not been well documented. We aimed to investigate the working conditions and health status of front line public health workers in China during the COVID-19 epidemic. METHODS: Between 18 February and 1 March 2020, we conducted an online cross-sectional survey of 2,313 CDC workers and 4,004 PHI workers in five provinces across China experiencing different scales of COVID-19 epidemic. We surveyed all participants about their work conditions, roles, burdens, perceptions, mental health, and self-rated health using a self-constructed questionnaire and standardised measurements (i.e., Patient Health Questionnaire and General Anxiety Disorder scale). To examine the independent associations between working conditions and health outcomes, we used multivariate regression models controlling for potential confounders. RESULTS: The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and poor self-rated health was 21.3, 19.0, and 9.8%, respectively, among public health workers (27.1, 20.6, and 15.0% among CDC workers and 17.5, 17.9, and 6.8% among PHI workers). The majority (71.6%) made immense efforts in both field and non-field work. Nearly 20.0% have worked all night for more than 3 days, and 45.3% had worked throughout the Chinese New Year holiday. Three risk factors and two protective factors were found to be independently associated with all three health outcomes in our final multivariate models: working all night for >3 days (multivariate odds ratio [ORm]=1.67~1.75, p<0.001), concerns about infection at work (ORm=1.46~1.89, p<0.001), perceived troubles at work (ORm=1.10~1.28, p<0.001), initiating COVID-19 prevention work after January 23 (ORm=0.78~0.82, p=0.002~0.008), and ability to persist for > 1 month at the current work intensity (ORm=0.44~0.55, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Chinese public health workers made immense efforts and personal sacrifices to control the COVID-19 epidemic and faced the risk of mental health problems. Efforts are needed to improve the working conditions and health status of public health workers and thus maintain their morale and effectiveness during the fight against COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Epidemias , Personal de Salud/psicología , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Estado de Salud , Salud Pública , Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
J Psychol ; 155(2): 140-164, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395562

RESUMEN

Recent theoretical and empirical work has developed the concept of authenticity, both as it relates to leader authenticity and as it relates to authenticity in followers. The present study examines perceptions of employee authenticity and perceived leader authenticity and highlights the utility of jointly examining the congruence between the two to predict individual-level outcomes. The present study utilized Qualtrics Panels to recruit three waves of survey participants. A total of 420 participants responded to all three time points. Polynomial regression, response surface modeling, and a block variable approach with indirect effects were used to test our hypotheses. Results supported the effect of authenticity congruence on individual-level work-related outcomes. Leader-member exchange was found to be a mediating variable between leader-follower authenticity congruence and outcomes in the work and non-work domains.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Interpersonales , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Liderazgo , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Trabajo
18.
Work ; 68(1): 77-80, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427710

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, rehabilitation facilities have become less accessible for patients with a stroke. Lack of early, intensive rehabilitation misses the opportunity for recovery during the critical time window of endogenous plasticity and improvement post-stroke. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this commentary was to highlighting the benefits of telework and telerehabilitation programs for workers with a stroke during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Relevant publications regarding the management of individuals with a stroke, telerehabilitation and teleworking in the setting of COVID-19 were reviewed. RESULTS: Previous studies showed that telerehabilitation can effectively provide an alternate method of promoting recovery for patients with a stroke. With the physical distancing precautions in place for mitigating viral spread, teleworking can also provide a method for long term recovery and improvements in quality of life after a stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this commentary addresses the benefits of physically distant, safe and effective alternatives to support individuals who live with a stroke during COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Discapacidad/rehabilitación , Accidente Cerebrovascular/complicaciones , Telerrehabilitación/métodos , Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Personas con Discapacidad/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias/prevención & control , Pandemias/estadística & datos numéricos , Telerrehabilitación/tendencias , Trabajo/tendencias
19.
20.
Artículo en Portugués | Coleciona SUS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1152614

RESUMEN

Esta Nota Técnica está dividida em oito seções, afora esta introdução. A segunda seção apresenta um retrato do trabalho remoto no país durante os meses de maio até novembro. A terceira seção apresenta a massa de rendimentos normalmente recebida e a efetivamente recebida no país por pessoas em home office. A quarta seção atualiza as estatísticas das pessoas em trabalho remoto conforme a atividade econômica e a formalidade e o setor privado versus o público. A seção 5 expõe o retrato do trabalhador em home office, enquanto a sexta seção destaca características geográficas do trabalho remoto. Já a seção 7 aponta as desigualdades de renda entre as pessoas em trabalho remoto. Por seu turno, a seção 8 destaca o hiato entre o potencial de trabalho remoto e o efetivamente observado no país. Por fim, a última seção traz feitos breves comentários à guisa de conclusão.


Asunto(s)
Grupos Profesionales , Coronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Renta , Trabajo
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