Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 61.953
Filtrar
1.
An. psicol ; 40(2): 265-271, May-Sep, 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-232728

RESUMEN

En la educación superior, pocos estudios relacionan factores contextuales en la clase, como el énfasis del profesor en la utilidad del contenido y las características motivacionales de los estudiantes. El objetivo fue probar un modelo multinivel sobre la relación entre el énfasis del docente en la utilidad del contenido durante la clase, la autonomía de los estudiantes y, a su vez, la motivación para aprender. Participaron 3033 estudiantes universitarios matriculados de 1º a 4º grado de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, de universidades de España (N = 602), Portugal (N = 469), México (N = 1177), Chile (N = 372), y Brasil (N = 413). Se realizó un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales multinivel, en el que los participantes respondieron preguntas sobre el énfasis del profesor en la utilidad del contenido de la clase, la autonomía y la motivación para aprender. Se hipotetizó que el énfasis del profesor en la utilidad del contenido predecía la autonomía del estudiante que, por su vez, predecía la motivación para aprender. Los resultados, a nivel grupal e individual, indican que el énfasis del docente en la utilidad del contenido predijo la autonomía del estudiante, y la autonomía predijo la motivación para aprender.(AU)


Teacher autonomy support is related to improved student learn-ing. In higher education, few studies relate classroom contextual factors, such as teacher emphasis on content usefulness, and students' motivational characteristics. The aim was to test a multilevel model about the relation between the extent of teachers’ emphasis on the usefulness of class con-tent with student autonomy, and, in turn, on motivation to learn. The par-ticipants were 3033 university students enrolled from 1st to 4th grade of Sciences of the Physical Activity and Sport, from universities in Spain (N = 602), Portugal (N = 469), Mexico (N = 1177), Chile (N = 372), and Brazil (N = 413). A multilevel structural equation model was performed, in which participants answered questions about the teacher's emphasis on the use-fulness of class content, basic psychological need for autonomy, and moti-vation to learn. At the group and individual levels, the hypothesis is that the teacher's emphasis on the usefulness of class content predict the stu-dent autonomy, in turn, student autonomy predicts student motivation to learn. Results found at the group level and at the individual level the strength of teacher emphasis on class content predicted student autonomy; student autonomy predicted student motivation to learn.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Autonomía Personal , Universidades , Enseñanza , Motivación
2.
Univ. salud ; 26(2): 41-50, mayo-agosto 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553978

RESUMEN

Introducción: El desarrollo positivo es un estadio de ajuste psicosocial que acentúa las potencialidades y los recursos entre jóvenes y sus contextos próximos. En Australia, se desarrolló el primer modelo de desarrollo positivo para adultos emergentes, el cual consta de cinco componentes (competencia social, satisfacción con la vida, confianza y tolerancia con los otros, confianza hacia autoridades e instituciones, acción y compromiso cívico), pero no ha sido investigado en Chile. Objetivo: Analizar la evidencia disponible en la literatura científica sobre los cinco componentes del modelo de desarrollo positivo en adultos emergentes universitarios de Chile. Materiales y métodos: Revisión narrativa de la literatura publicada entre 2013 y 2023, en bases de datos Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO, Redalyc y Dialnet. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 83 artículos, de los cuales 53 cumplieron los requisitos de inclusión; en su mayor parte fueron estudios cuantitativos (81,13%) y en español (75,47%). Se evidenció una disparidad en la cantidad de estudios por temática; se encuentra mayor investigación en satisfacción con la vida y acción y compromiso cívico. Conclusiones: Existen brechas en la literatura científica chilena en el estudio del desarrollo positivo; además de que se discuten particularidades idiosincrásicas y desafíos asociados a la etapa de adultez emergente.


Introduction: Positive development is a stage of psychosocial adjustment that accentuates the potentials and resources of young people and their close contexts. The first positive development model for emerging adulthood was developed in Australia, which includes five components: social; life satisfaction; trust and tolerance of others; trust in the authorities and institutions; and action and civic engagement. However, this model has not been investigated in Chile. Objective: To analyze the evidence available in the scientific literature on the five components of the positive development model in emerging adults universities. Materials and methods: A narrative review of the literature published between 2013 and 2023 in the Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO, Redalyc, and Dialnet databases was conducted. Results: 83 articles were selected, of which 53 met the inclusion criteria; most of them were qualitative studies (81.13%) and in Spanish (75.47%). There is an evident disparity in terms of the number of studies and topics, e.g., there is more research on life satisfaction and civic action and commitment. Conclusions: There are gaps in the Chilean scientific literature in the study of positive development. In addition, idiosyncratic particularities and challenges associated with the stages of emerging adulthood are discussed.


Introdução: O desenvolvimento positivo é uma fase de ajustamento psicossocial que acentua o potencial e os recursos dos jovens e dos seus contextos imediatos. Na Austrália, foi desenvolvido o primeiro modelo de desenvolvimento positivo para adultos emergentes, que consiste em cinco componentes (social, satisfação com a vida, confiança e tolerância com os outros, confiança nas autoridades e instituições, ação e envolvimento cívico), mas ainda não foi investigado no Chile. Objetivo: Analisar as evidências disponíveis na literatura científica sobre os cinco componentes do modelo de desenvolvimento positivo em adultos universitários emergentes no Chile. Materiais e métodos: Revisão narrativa da literatura publicada entre 2013 e 2023, nas bases de dados Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO, Redalyc e Dialnet. Resultados: foram obtidos 83 artigos, dos quais 53 atenderam aos requisitos de inclusão; A maioria deles eram estudos quantitativos (81,13%) e em espanhol (75,47%). Ficou evidente uma disparidade no número de estudos por tema; Há mais pesquisas sobre satisfação com a vida e ação e compromisso cívico. Conclusões: Existem lacunas na literatura científica chilena no estudo do desenvolvimento positivo; Além disso, são discutidas particularidades e desafios idiossincráticos associados à fase da idade adulta emergente.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto Joven , Psicología del Desarrollo , Universidades , Crecimiento y Desarrollo
3.
Gastroenterol Nurs ; 47(3): 195-202, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847429

RESUMEN

Functional gastrointestinal disorders are common and have high prevalence in young adults. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and risk factors of functional gastrointestinal disorders in university students. A cross-sectional study was conducted in January 2021 at two universities in a South Korean city and included 493 participants. The Rome IV criteria (for functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome) and the Korean gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire (for gastroesophageal reflux disease) were used to define each disease. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression. Gastroesophageal reflux disease, functional dyspepsia, and irritable bowel syndrome prevalence was 18.5%, 7.5%, and 6.5%, respectively, in university students. In multivariate analysis, school year (fourth) (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 2.27 [0.25, 0.78]), underlying disease (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 2.92 [1.42, 6.04]), physical activity less than once weekly (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 4.84 [1.04, 22.45]), very irregular meals (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 4.02 [1.54, 10.49]), overeating more than 5 times weekly (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 3.37 [1.19, 9.56]), and academic stress (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 1.02 [1.01, 1.03]) were risk factors for functional gastrointestinal disorders. Our findings indicate that a comprehensive management program focusing on eating habits and psychological factors is needed to reduce the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders in university students.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Gastrointestinales , Estudiantes , Humanos , República de Corea/epidemiología , Femenino , Masculino , Prevalencia , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Factores de Riesgo , Universidades , Adulto Joven , Enfermedades Gastrointestinales/epidemiología , Adulto , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adolescente , Dispepsia/epidemiología
4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4785, 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844484

RESUMEN

Understanding how student peers influence learning outcomes is crucial for effective education management in complex social systems. The complexities of peer selection and evolving peer relationships, however, pose challenges for identifying peer effects using static observational data. Here we use both null-model and regression approaches to examine peer effects using longitudinal data from 5,272 undergraduates, where roommate assignments are plausibly random upon enrollment and roommate relationships persist until graduation. Specifically, we construct a roommate null model by randomly shuffling students among dorm rooms and introduce an assimilation metric to quantify similarities in roommate academic performance. We find significantly larger assimilation in actual data than in the roommate null model, suggesting roommate peer effects, whereby roommates have more similar performance than expected by chance alone. Moreover, assimilation exhibits an overall increasing trend over time, suggesting that peer effects become stronger the longer roommates live together. Our regression analysis further reveals the moderating role of peer heterogeneity. In particular, when roommates perform similarly, the positive relationship between a student's future performance and their roommates' average prior performance is more pronounced, and their ordinal rank in the dorm room has an independent effect. Our findings contribute to understanding the role of college roommates in influencing student academic performance.


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Académico , Grupo Paritario , Estudiantes , Estudiantes/psicología , Humanos , Universidades , Femenino , Masculino , Adulto Joven , Relaciones Interpersonales , Estudios Longitudinales , Análisis de Regresión
5.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 333, 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845034

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: According to previous studies, unpredictability in childhood could significantly increase the risk of depression in adulthood. Only a few studies have explored the relationship between these two variables in China. This paper aims to explore the relationship between unpredictability in childhood and depression and examine the mediating roles of coping styles and resilience. METHODS: We investigated 601 college students, who had an average age of 19.09 (SD = 2.78) years. Participants completed questionnaires regarding unpredictability in childhood, coping style, resilience, and depression. We analyzed survey data using the bias-corrected bootstrap method. RESULTS: The findings revealed a significant positive association between unpredictability in childhood and depression among college students. Mature coping style, immature coping style, and resilience were found to mediate this relationship independently. Furthermore, the study unveiled a serial mediation process, wherein both mature and immature coping styles, followed by resilience, sequentially mediate the relationship between unpredictability in childhood and depression, underscoring the complex interplay between these variables. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that the risk of depression among college students who have experienced unpredictable childhood should be valued. Attention to coping styles and resilience should be paid to decrease depression among college students who have experienced unpredictable childhood.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Depresión , Resiliencia Psicológica , Estudiantes , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven , Depresión/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Universidades , Adolescente , China/epidemiología , Adulto , Incertidumbre , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(23): e38521, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847687

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the impact of traditional Chinese exercise (TCEs) and general aerobic exercise (GAEs) on the sleep quality of university students and to determine which exercise is more effective in improving sleep quality in this specific population. METHODS: We utilized Review Manager 5.3 to analyze data from 21 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which included a total of 1252 participants. Effect sizes of TCEs and GAEs were compared using a random-effects model. Subgroup analyses were conducted on 3 modulating variables: times per session, frequency per week, and period. RESULTS: A Meta-analysis of 14 RCTs showed that both TCEs (standard mean difference [SMD] = -0.89, 95% CI: -1.18 to -0.61; P < .00001) and GAEs (SMD = -1.53, 95% CI: -2.10 to -0.97; P < .00001) can significantly improve the sleep of university students, with a significant difference between TCEs and GAEs (P = .05). Both GAEs and TCEs had positive effects on various aspects of sleep quality, including subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, use of sleep medication, and daytime dysfunction. A subgroup analysis of aerobic exercise showed that the effect size was larger in the 40 to 60 minutes group compared to the 60 to 90 minutes group (SMD = -1.89; 95% CI: -2.19 to -1.59; P < .00001). Furthermore, the effect size was larger in the 3 to 5 times per week group compared to the 2 times per week group (SMD = -1.56; 95% CI: -2.33 to -0.80; P < .0001). The effect size was also found to be larger in a period of 2 to 4 weeks compared to 6 to 18 weeks (SMD = -1.85; 95% CI: -2.17 to -1.54; P < .00001). CONCLUSION: GAEs is more effective than TCEs in improving the sleep quality of university students. An optimal aerobic exercise regimen for enhancing sleep quality among university students involves engaging in sessions lasting 40~60 minutes, 3~5 times per week, over a duration of 4 weeks.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia , Estudiantes , Humanos , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Universidades , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/terapia , Calidad del Sueño , Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Masculino , Femenino , Pueblos del Este de Asia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(23): e38449, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847731

RESUMEN

Personal quantification plays a crucial role in preserving individual mental health. However, in previous research, its effectiveness in alleviating generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has not been conclusively established. This study explores the impact of personal quantification on GAD among PhD students. The research data was obtained through questionnaires distributed to 308 PhD students across universities in China. Among these students, 118 anxiety-free participants were excluded, yielding valuable data from 190 students with GADs. We employed Python programming language and SPSS software for the empirical analysis. The results illustrated that personal quantification significantly and negatively impacted GAD (ß = -0.148, P = .002), concurrently producing a significantly positive effect on self-efficacy (ß = 0.359, P < .001). Further analysis showed that through 5000 sampling iterations and a 95% confidence level, self-efficacy significantly reduced certain symptoms of GAD (ß = -0.1183; P = .026; 95% Cl: -0.2222 to -0.0144). Moreover, when the coefficient of self-efficacy was significantly negative, the impact of personal quantification on GAD remained statistically significant (ß = -0.1056; P = .033; 95% Cl: -0.2025 to -0.0087). The findings indicated that personal quantification has a significant role in alleviating GAD among PhD students, which is partly mediated through self-efficacy. This study contributes valuable insights to the nonpharmacological alleviation of GAD in Chinese PhD students.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de Ansiedad , Autoeficacia , Estudiantes , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Masculino , Femenino , China , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven , Universidades , Pueblos del Este de Asia
8.
Int J Public Health ; 69: 1607275, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832212

RESUMEN

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the burden of high blood pressure and its associated factors among students at Aksum University. Methods: A total of 240 participants were included; participants were selected through simple random sampling from May 2019 to July 2019. Logistic regression analysis was performed, with statistical significance set at a p-value <0.05 and a 95% confidence level. Results: This study found that 17.9% of the participants had high blood pressure, with higher rates observed in males (62.79%) than in females (37.21%). Several factors were identified as associated with high blood pressure, including a family history of high blood pressure [AOR 1.72, 95% CI (1. 75-4.04)], regular physical exercise [AOR 0.64, 95% CI (0.30-0.94)], alcohol consumption [AOR 2.16, 95% CI (1.07-4.62)], tobacco smoking [AOR 5.46, 95% CI (1.98-15.07)], and central obesity [AOR 2.72, 95% CI (1.12-6.58)]. Conclusion: This study reveals that one out of six students had high blood pressure. Factors such as a family history of high blood pressure, physical inactivity, tobacco smoking, and central obesity were associated with this condition.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión , Estudiantes , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Etiopía/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Universidades , Hipertensión/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Adulto Joven , Ejercicio Físico , Adulto , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología
9.
Sci Eng Ethics ; 30(3): 23, 2024 Jun 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833046

RESUMEN

The Defining Issues Test 2 (DIT-2) and Engineering Ethical Reasoning Instrument (EERI) are designed to measure ethical reasoning of general (DIT-2) and engineering-student (EERI) populations. These tools-and the DIT-2 especially-have gained wide usage for assessing the ethical reasoning of undergraduate students. This paper reports on a research study in which the ethical reasoning of first-year undergraduate engineering students at multiple universities was assessed with both of these tools. In addition to these two instruments, students were also asked to create personal concept maps of the phrase "ethical decision-making." It was hypothesized that students whose instrument scores reflected more postconventional levels of moral development and more sophisticated ethical reasoning skills would likewise have richer, more detailed concept maps of ethical decision-making, reflecting their deeper levels of understanding of this topic and the complex of related concepts. In fact, there was no significant correlation between the instrument scores and concept map scoring, suggesting that the way first-year students conceptualize ethical decision making does not predict the way they behave when performing scenario-based ethical reasoning (perhaps more situated). This disparity indicates a need to more precisely quantify engineering ethical reasoning and decision making, if we wish to inform assessment outcomes using the results of such quantitative analyses.


Asunto(s)
Toma de Decisiones , Evaluación Educacional , Ingeniería , Estudiantes , Humanos , Ingeniería/ética , Ingeniería/educación , Toma de Decisiones/ética , Universidades , Pensamiento , Principios Morales , Desarrollo Moral , Masculino , Femenino , Ética Profesional/educación , Solución de Problemas/ética
10.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 488, 2024 Jun 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834963

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Community-based exercise programmes (CBEPs) offer a practical and viable approach to providing people with Parkinson's disease (PwP) the opportunity to exercise as an ancillary therapeutic benefit to pharmacological management. This study explores the perceptions of exercising participants (PwP) and non-participating partners involved in an exercise class delivered through a community-university partnership. METHODS: Two separate focus group discussions were conducted: one with class participants (PwP: n = 7, H&Y scale I to III), and the other with non-participating partners of PwP (n = 4). RESULTS: Thematic analysis of the data identified that a range of physical, psychological and social factors were perceived to influence engagement: (1) actively taking control, (2) exercise is medicine for the mind and body, and (3) a community working together to promote exercise for parkinson's. Participants and partners felt that the support from the group, including the instructors and student volunteers, empowered and supported PwP to proactively self-manage their health, enjoy exercise in an inclusive group setting, and develop strong social connections with others in the local Parkinson's community. Support to exercise from healthcare professionals was identified as both an enabler and barrier to participation. CONCLUSIONS: This study underscores the significance of a community-university partnership as a complementary therapeutic approach for PwP. It also provides critical reflections on its sustainability, including implications for how exercise is considered as medicine for PwP. Additionally, it offers practical recommendations to galvanise community participation and provide inclusive and viable exercise opportunities for PwP.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Ejercicio , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Investigación Cualitativa , Humanos , Enfermedad de Parkinson/psicología , Enfermedad de Parkinson/terapia , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Universidades , Grupos Focales/métodos , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Ejercicio Físico/psicología
11.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 327, 2024 Jun 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835103

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: Given the enduring popularity of higher education, there has been considerable attention on the correlation between college students' engagement in sports and their academic stress levels. This study seeks to delve deeply into how university physical education fosters academic performance by influencing students' sports interests, particularly in enhancing their psychological resilience to mitigate academic pressure. Through this investigation, the aim is to offer both theoretical underpinnings and empirical evidence to support the holistic enhancement of higher education. RESEARCH METHODS: Initially, this study undertakes an analysis of the fundamental relationship between college students' physical activities and their experience of academic stress. Subsequently, utilizing a structural equation model, specific research models and hypotheses are formulated. These are then examined in detail through the questionnaire method to elucidate the mechanism by which college sports interests alleviate academic stress. RESEARCH FINDINGS: The study reveals a significant positive correlation between psychological resilience and academic stress, indicating that a robust psychological resilience can effectively diminish academic pressure. Furthermore, both the sports atmosphere and sports interest are found to exert a notable positive impact on academic stress, mediated by the variable of psychological toughness. This underscores the pivotal role of physical education in fostering positive psychological traits and enhancing academic achievement. CONCLUSION: This study underscores the central importance of cultivating and nurturing college students' sports interests, as well as fostering a conducive sports atmosphere, in fortifying psychological resilience and mitigating academic pressure. By offering novel perspectives and strategies for alleviating the academic stress faced by college students, this study contributes valuable theoretical insights and practical experiences to the broader development of higher education.


Asunto(s)
Resiliencia Psicológica , Deportes , Estrés Psicológico , Estudiantes , Humanos , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Universidades , Deportes/psicología , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Rendimiento Académico/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adolescente
12.
Korean J Med Educ ; 36(2): 203-212, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835312

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The decision to enroll in medical school is largely influenced by extrinsic motivation factors. It is necessary to explore the factors that affect pre-med students' motivation to enter medical school and their college adjustment, and to develop measures to help them adjust. METHODS: A total of 407 pre-med students were surveyed regarding their motivation to enter medical school, fear of failure, and college adjustment. We analyzed the latent profiles of extrinsic motivation factors using latent profile analysis. One-way analysis of variance was conducted to examine the differences in fear of failure and adaptation to university life according to the latent groups. RESULTS: After analyzing the latent profiles of entrance motivation, three latent profiles were selected. They were divided into high, medium, and low extrinsic motivation groups. Three profiles scored the highest on job security, followed by good grades and social status. Sophomores were more likely to be high extrinsic motivators than freshmen were. Fear of failure was high in the group with high extrinsic motivation, and adaptation to college life was highest in the group with low extrinsic motivation. CONCLUSION: Job security was the most important extrinsic motivator for entering medical school, and extrinsic entrance motivation influenced fear of failure and college adjustment. Given the high level of extrinsic motivation among medical students, it is meaningful to analyze the extrinsic motivation profile of entering medical students and how it affects failure motivation and college adjustment.


Asunto(s)
Miedo , Motivación , Facultades de Medicina , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Adulto Joven , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto , Universidades , Adaptación Psicológica , Criterios de Admisión Escolar , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina
13.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0304781, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838010

RESUMEN

To determine where data is shared and what data is no longer available, this study analyzed data shared by researchers at a single university. 2166 supplemental data links were harvested from the university's institutional repository and web scraped using R. All links that failed to scrape or could not be tested algorithmically were tested for availability by hand. Trends in data availability by link type, age of publication, and data source were examined for patterns. Results show that researchers shared data in hundreds of places. About two-thirds of links to shared data were in the form of URLs and one-third were DOIs, with several FTP links and links directly to files. A surprising 13.4% of shared URL links pointed to a website homepage rather than a specific record on a website. After testing, 5.4% the 2166 supplemental data links were found to be no longer available. DOIs were the type of shared link that was least likely to disappear with a 1.7% loss, with URL loss at 5.9% averaged over time. Links from older publications were more likely to be unavailable, with a data disappearance rate estimated at 2.6% per year, as well as links to data hosted on journal websites. The results support best practice guidance to share data in a data repository using a permanent identifier.


Asunto(s)
Difusión de la Información , Universidades , Humanos , Difusión de la Información/métodos , Internet
14.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 628, 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840228

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to examine the impact of using the MOODLE e-learning platform in ideological and political education on Chinese students' motivation and academic performance. METHODS: The study involved 447 students from China-based universities (the experimental group - 232 students who studied using electronic educational platforms, and the control group - 215 students who used no digital technologies in their learning). The following methods were used: Measuring the need to achieve success among students; T. I. Ilyina's method for studying motivation to study at university; Method for studying student success motivation; Method for studying the motives of students' educational activities; Method for determining the main motives for choosing a profession (E. M. Pavlyutenkov); Motivation of learning activities: Levels and types (I. S. Dombrovskaya). Students' academic performance was assessed by testing in the studied disciplines at the beginning and end of the study. RESULTS: As a result, the significance of the motivational component in achieving the success of ideological and political education and the impact on students' motivation to use e-learning platforms is theoretically substantiated. CONCLUSIONS: It has been confirmed that using e-learning platforms in ideological and political education helps increase student motivation and academic performance.


Asunto(s)
Motivación , Humanos , China , Universidades , Femenino , Masculino , Política , Rendimiento Académico , Educación a Distancia , Estudiantes/psicología , Adulto Joven , Instrucción por Computador/métodos
15.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1509, 2024 Jun 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840259

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Increasing work-related stress in academia can have an impact on physical and mental health. The aim of this study was to analyse the coping strategies of staff employed at the University of Udine and to verify whether sociodemographic data, professional position, and the presence of anxiety or depression symptoms are related to the use of different coping strategies. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study between June and December 2020 using the Brief COPE questionnaire. We correlated coping strategies with professional position, sociodemographic data, and the presence of anxiety or depressive symptoms measured with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the General Anxiety Disorder-7. RESULTS: A total of 366 people participated in the study, including 109 junior academics, 146 senior academics, and 111 administrative staff (response rate 23.6%). The three most frequently used coping strategies in terms of approach coping style were planning (6.77 ± 1.41), active coping (6.58 ± 1.45) and acceptance (6.23 ± 1.44). Women were more likely than men to report using approach and avoidant coping strategies (p < 0.001). Positive reframing and religion were most commonly used by administrative staff (p < 0.05), in contrast to junior academics, who were more likely to use substances and self-blame (p < 0.05). Anxiety was found to correlate with self-blame (OR 1.94) as a coping strategy, while depression was associated with venting (OR 2.83), self-blame (OR 3.27), and humor (OR 3.02). CONCLUSION: Identifying profiles of coping strategies can help higher education institutions to implement support strategies for the academic community, ultimately promoting healthier lives and more effective teaching and research. Our study has shown that women and junior academics among staff at the Udine University would benefit from a tailored health promotion intervention that encourages the use of approach coping styles to reduce their risk of developing anxiety and depressive symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Masculino , Adulto , Universidades , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estrés Laboral/psicología , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/psicología , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Docentes/psicología , Docentes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
16.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 20(6): e1012166, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843155

RESUMEN

Despite advances and social progress, the exclusion of diverse groups in academia, especially science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, across the US and Europe persists, resulting in the underrepresentation of diverse people in higher education. There is extensive literature about theory, observation, and evidence-based practices that can help create a more equitable, inclusive, and diverse learning environment. In this article, we propose the implementation of a Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Justice (DEIJ) journal club as a strategic initiative to foster education and promote action towards making academia a more equitable institution. By creating a space for people to engage with DEIJ theories* and strategize ways to improve their learning environment, we hope to normalize the practice and importance of analyzing academia through an equity lens. Guided by restorative justice principles, we offer 10 recommendations for fostering community cohesion through education and mutual understanding. This approach underscores the importance of appropriate action and self-education in the journey toward a more diverse, equitable, inclusive, and just academic environment. *Authors' note: We understand that "DEIJ" is a multidisciplinary organizational framework that relies on numerous fields of study, including history, sociology, philosophy, and more. We use this term to refer to these different fields of study for brevity purposes.


Asunto(s)
Diversidad Cultural , Justicia Social , Humanos , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Ingeniería/educación , Ciencia/educación , Matemática/educación , Universidades , Diversidad, Equidad e Inclusión
17.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1354461, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846602

RESUMEN

Background: Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage has been linked to higher rates of infection and morbidity. People with Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus can be a potential source of infection for others. University students living together in crowded conditions increase their risk of acquiring infections. The prevalence of S. aureus, particularly Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage, in Ethiopian university students is sparse. Objective: This study aimed to determine the nasal carriage rate, associated factors, and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among pre-clinical students at the College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Ethiopia, from 1 July to 30 August 2022. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 270 randomly selected pre-clinical Health and Medical Sciences students. Data on associated factors were collected using pre-tested, structured questionnaires. A nasal swab was taken from each participant and sent to the microbiology laboratory via Amies transport media in a cold chain. There, it was cultivated using conventional techniques. The isolated colonies were found to be S. aureus, and its antimicrobial susceptibility was performed using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method on Muller-Hinton agar. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus expressing using cefoxitin based on CLSI breakpoint. Data were entered into Epi-Data version 4.4.2.1 and exported to the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 25 for analysis. Pearson's chi-square test was performed to predict the associations between variables. A p-value less than 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. Result: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage was 5.9% (95% CI: 3.09-8.7) of cases of S. aureus nasal colonization, which was found to be 12.96% (95% CI: 8.85-16.96). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization was significantly associated with the history of cigarette smoking (p = 0.000), intake of khat (p = 0.042), nose-picking habit (p = 0.003), history of sharing personal goods (p = 0.021), and history of hospitalizations (p = 0.00). All of the Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates were resistant to ampicillin and cefoxitin. Conclusion: Based on the findings, a considerable proportion of healthy students harbored Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains associated with behavioral factors. Furthermore, these isolates showed high resistance to cefoxitin and ampicillin. Hence, it is crucial to regularly test pre-clinical students to prevent endogenous infections and the spread of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.


Asunto(s)
Portador Sano , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Infecciones Estafilocócicas , Humanos , Etiopía/epidemiología , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina/aislamiento & purificación , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina/efectos de los fármacos , Estudios Transversales , Masculino , Femenino , Infecciones Estafilocócicas/epidemiología , Infecciones Estafilocócicas/microbiología , Adulto Joven , Universidades , Portador Sano/microbiología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Adulto , Adolescente , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1382217, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846615

RESUMEN

Introduction: The mental health of unverisity students is influenced by diverse factorsis multifaceted, requiring further investigation to evaluate its current status and determinants. The present study aims to address this gap by targeting Chinese university students and employing the Psychological Resilience Dynamic System model. Through a questionnaire survey, this research endeavors to explore the mental health status and influencing factors. Ultimately, the findings of this study aim to provide a theoretical basis and tailored practical guidance for the development of mental health intervention strategies for university students. Methods: Based on the Psychological Resilience Dynamic System Model, the mental health status of 3,390 Chinese university students from 15 universities was empirically investigated with the principle of stratified sampling and the geographical distribution and disciplinary diversity of universities. The questionnaires used included Kessler psychological distress scale, psychological resilience scale,positive psychological capital scale, family hardiness index and social support scale. Among the participants, 47.85% were male and 52.15% were female. Regarding the origin, 42.89% of the students were from rural areas, while 57.11% were from urban areas. Results: Key findings unveil: (1) A prevalence of 24.54% in students has suboptimal mental health, with 18.70 and 5.84%, respectively, representing those with poor and relatively poor mental health conditions; (2) A noteworthy negative correlation (p < 0.01) between mental health scores of university students and nine pivotal factors, including psychological resilience, self-efficacy, optimism, hope, resilience, family resilience, objective support, subjective support, and support utilization; (3) Eight factors, including grade, family economic status, psychological resilience, self-efficacy, optimism, family resilience, objective support, and support utilization, emerge as significant predictors of university students' mental health (p <0.001), collectively elucidating 57.9% of the total variance in mental health. Discussion: The aforementioned research results, indicate that the influencing factors on the mental health of university students encompass four main aspects. These include individual demographic factors such as grade and family economic status, positive psychological capital factors such as psychological resilience, self-efficacy, optimism, hope, and resilience, family resilience factors including responsibility, control, and challenge, and societal support factors including objective support, subjective support, and support utilization. Based on this, this paper focuses on four recommendations: giving full play to the leading role of universities in mental health education and stress intervention, strengthening the educational power of positive family ideals and role modeling, building a support system for positive social atmosphere and psychological counseling, and improving the self-shaping ability of university students' psychological resilience and positive psychological capital. These recommendations aspire to better promote the mental health of university students and provide a strength reserve for psychological problem intervention.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Resiliencia Psicológica , Estudiantes , Humanos , Femenino , Estudiantes/psicología , Masculino , Universidades , China , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven , Apoyo Social , Adulto , Modelos Psicológicos , Adolescente
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12608, 2024 06 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824182

RESUMEN

Changes in dietary patterns and body weight have become a focus of research in undergraduate students. This study compared breakfast consumption, intake of foods high in saturated fat, and BMI between medical and non-medical students. A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in 4,561 Peruvian university students, of whom 1,464 (32.1%) were from the medical field and 3,097 (67.9%) from the non-medical field. We compared the frequency of breakfast consumption (categorized as regular: 6 to 7 days/week; occasional: 3 to 5 days/week; and rarely or never: 0 to 2 days/week) and the frequency of consumption of foods high in saturated fat. We created simple and multiple linear and Poisson regression models with robust variance to evaluate the association of the mentioned variables with academic fields. Non-medical students (Adjusted Prevalence Ratio [PR] = 0.92, 95% CI 0.86-0.99; p = 0.008) were less likely to eat breakfast regularly compared to medical students. Likewise, consumption of foods high in saturated fats was higher in non-medical students (B = 1.47, 95% CI 0.91-2.04; p < 0.001) compared to medical students. Similarly, the mean BMI of these students was significantly higher than that of medical students (B = 0.33, 95% CI 0.12-0.53; p = 0.002). Although medical students reported relatively healthy eating habits and a lower BMI, there is a widespread need to promote improved diet and lifestyle among the entire university population to reduce the risks of communicable diseases and improve quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Índice de Masa Corporal , Desayuno , Conducta Alimentaria , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Femenino , Estudios Transversales , Masculino , Estudiantes de Medicina/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Grasas de la Dieta , Ácidos Grasos , Adolescente , Universidades , Perú
20.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1474, 2024 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824510

RESUMEN

AIM: This study aims to validate a Perceived Social Support Scale for University Students (EPSSEU) during periods of social restrictions, by focusing on family and university support. SUBJECT AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with undergraduate students from a public higher education institution. The college students who participated in the study-1353 at baseline and 378 after 6 months-answered a virtual questionnaire containing questions on: sociodemographic and lifestyle data, items proposed for the EPSSEU, Satisfaction with Social Support Scale (ESSS), and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha reliability analysis, as well as discriminant, convergent, and known-group validations were performed. RESULTS: The results showed two factors support from: i) the university and ii) friends and family- which explained 61.82% of the variance in the data. The EPSSEU showed good reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.796) as well as validity, with higher scores among individuals without depression, anxiety, or stress. CONCLUSION: The EPSSEU shows adequate psychometric qualities and may be a useful instrument for assessing university students' social support in pandemics, social distancing, and remote teaching contexts.


Asunto(s)
Psicometría , Apoyo Social , Estudiantes , Humanos , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Masculino , Universidades , Estudios Transversales , Adulto Joven , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , COVID-19/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Adolescente , Análisis Factorial
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...