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1.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 21, 2021 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526085

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Psychological distress in University settings has grown and became a public health concern. In this context, contemplative practices such as mindfulness have been proposed as a strategy to help students on stress management. METHODS: Forty university students (20 female), aged between 18 to 30 years (mean = 24.15; SD = 3.56), with no previous experience with meditation or yoga were recruited at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte and randomized to a mindfulness training (MT) or active control (AC) groups. We analyzed measures of anxiety, affect, stress, as well as state and trait mindfulness in order to evaluate the effects of trait mindfulness and a brief mindfulness intervention in forty healthy young students. Participants were classified as Low (n = 27, females = 13) or High (n = 13, females = 7) Trait Mindfulness by k-means clustering and compared between them using Wilcoxon sum rank test. Furthermore, the sample was randomly allocated to an AC (n = 20, females = 10) or a MT (n = 20, females = 10) group, and mixed analysis of variance was performed to analyze the effect of interventions. The mechanisms and role of trait mindfulness in the intervention was assessed by a moderated mediation analysis. RESULTS: We found that High Trait individuals have lower anxiety trait, anxiety state and perceived stress levels. Only the MT group reduced their anxiety state and perceived stress after the intervention and increased their state mindfulness. Both groups reduced negative affect and cortisol, and no change was found in positive affect. Moderated mediation analysis showed that the training-induced change in state mindfulness mediated the increase in positive affect and the decrease in perceived stress and cortisol, regardless of trait mindfulness. For anxiety state the decrease only occurred in individuals with High Trait Mindfulness. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these results suggest that higher trait mindfulness is associated with low levels of psychological distress and that a brief mindfulness-based intervention seems to be useful to reduce distress measures in university students. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ReBEC, U1111-1194-8661. Registered 28 March 2017-Retrospectively registered, http://www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/RBR-7b8yh8.


Asunto(s)
Atención Plena , Psicoterapia Breve , Estrés Psicológico , Estudiantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estrés Psicológico/prevención & control , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Universidades , Adulto Joven
2.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(2): 122-125, 2021 Feb 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541053

RESUMEN

Objective: To compare the results of visual acuity testing for teenagers with visual acuity charts designed at 2.5-meter and 5-meter distances, and to investigate the accuracy of the 2.5-meter visual acuity chart. Methods: It was a self-control study. A total of 227 teenagers (454 eyes) with ametropia who came to the ophthalmic clinic of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from March 2019 to September 2019 were included. There were 123 males and 104 females aged (11.74±3.26) years. The vision examiners were trained in the same testing environment and passed the consistency test. Distance visual acuity of all participants was tested with charts designed at 2.5 meters and 5 meters in a 10-minute interval. According to the age (7-9, 10-12, 13-15 and 16-18 years old) and visual acuity (1.00-0.52, 0.40-0.30 and 0.22-0.10), the results of two kinds of visual acuity charts were compared. The testing order of the two visual charts was randomly determined. The visual acuity results were converted into logMAR values and compared. Paried t-student test was used to compare the difference between two charts, and Pearson correlation test was used to explore the correlation between the results of two charts. Results: The visual acuity of the right eye was 0.37±0.24 (logMAR) at 2.5 meters and 0.50±0.26 (logMAR) at 5 meters. The distance visual acuity measured with the 2.5-meter visual acuity chart was better (t=16.19, P<0.01). The visual acuity of the left eye was 0.36±0.23 (logMAR) at 2.5 meters and 0.45±0.23 (logMAR) at 5 meters (t=11.71, P<0.01). The differences between two charts were larger among teenagers with lower visual acuity (r=0.387,P<0.01). Conclusion: Under the same test conditions, the distance visual acuity measured with a 2.5-meter chart was significantly better than a 5-meter chart. The visual acuity chart designed at 2.5 meters was not an appropriate tool to measure distance vision in adolescents. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 122-125).


Asunto(s)
Ojo , Pruebas de Visión , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Universidades , Agudeza Visual
3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578867

RESUMEN

The study was carried out to examine the situation of university students from one month after the beginning of a very strict confinement process in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic. Students responded to a survey which included the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) together with other questions relating to their general well-being from the European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS). A total of 198 university students answered the web-based survey. The questionnaire was generated using Microsoft Forms and was explained and distributed online. The results indicated that around 18.7% of students were suffering from severe anxiety and 70.2% were suffering either mild or moderate anxiety at this point of the strict confinement process. The findings show that when emotional well-being (quality of sleep, the perception of feeling fear, death of a relative) is reduced and material well-being is negatively affected (income level) anxiety levels are increased. On the other hand, the results show that having good interpersonal relationships with family members and taking care of personal development (routines and habits that make them feel good) help reduce anxiety levels. The female students in the sample also suffered higher levels of anxiety than males during strict confinement.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/epidemiología , Pandemias , Estudiantes/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Masculino , Calidad de Vida , España/epidemiología , Universidades
4.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246323, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524045

RESUMEN

A simulation model is developed to analyze the spread of covid-19 in universities. The model can be used to conduct a what-if analysis and estimate infection cases under different policies. For proof-of-concept, the model is simulated for a hypothetical university of 25,000 students and 3,000 faculty/staff in a U.S. college town. Simulation results show that early outbreaks are very likely, and there is no silver bullet to avoid them. Instead, a combination of policies should be carefully implemented. The results suggest (almost) full remote university operations from the beginning of the semester. In a less-preferred alternative, if universities decide to have students attend in person, they should encourage remote operations for high-risk individuals, conduct frequent rapid tests, enforce mask use, communicate with students and employees about the risks, and promote social distancing. Universities should be willing to move to remote operations if cases rise. Under this scenario, and considering implementation challenges, many universities are still likely to experience an early outbreak, and the likelihood of having a case of death is worrisome. In the long run, students and faculty react to the risks, and even if universities decide to continue operations, classes are likely to have very low in-person attendance. Overall, our analysis depicts several sources of system complexities, negative unintended consequences of relying on a single policy, non-linear incremental effects, and positive synergies of implementing multiple policies. A simulation platform for a what-if analysis is offered so marginal effectiveness of different policies and different decision-making thresholds for closure can be tested for universities of varying populations.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Simulación por Computador , Universidades , Humanos , Dinámicas no Lineales , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud , Políticas
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546344

RESUMEN

Tobacco and cannabis use, alcohol consumption and inactivity are health risk behaviors (HRB) of crucial importance for health and wellbeing. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on university students' engagement in HRB has yet received limited attention. We investigated whether HRB changed during the COVID-19 pandemic, assessed factors associated with change and profiles of HRB changes in university students. A web-based survey was conducted in May 2020, including 5021 students of four German universities (69% female, the mean age of 24.4 years (SD = 5.1)). Sixty-one percent of students reported consuming alcohol, 45.8% binge drinking, 44% inactivity, 19.4% smoking and 10.8% cannabis use. While smoking and cannabis use remained unchanged during the COVID-19 pandemic, 24.4% reported a decrease in binge drinking while 5.4% reported an increase. Changes to physical activity were most frequently reported, with 30.6% reporting an increase and 19.3% reporting a decrease in vigorous physical activity. Being female, younger age, being bored, not having a trusted person and depressive symptoms were factors associated with a change in HRB. Five substance use behavior profiles were identified, which also remained fairly unchanged. Efforts to promote student health and wellbeing continue to be required, also in times of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Conductas de Riesgo para la Salud , Pandemias , Estudiantes , Adulto , Borrachera , Estudios Transversales , Ejercicio Físico , Femenino , Alemania , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Adulto Joven
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557193

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 containment measures and the uncertainties associated with the pandemic may have contributed to changes in mental health risks and mental health problems in university students. Due to the high burden of the disease, depression is of particular concern. However, knowledge about the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Swiss university students during the pandemic is limited. We therefore assessed the prevalence of depressive symptoms and their change during the COVID-19 pandemic in a large sample of Swiss university students. METHODS: We assessed depressive symptoms in two cross-sectional cohorts of university students (n = 3571) in spring and autumn 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic and compared them with a matched sample of the Swiss national population (n = 2328). Binary logistic regression models estimated prevalence with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: Adjusted prevalence of depressive symptoms in female (30.8% (95% CI: 28.6-33.0)) and male students (24.8% (95% CI: 21.7-28.1)) was substantially higher than in the matching female (10.9% (95% CI: 8.9-13.2)) and male (8.5% (6.6-11.0)) pre-pandemic national population. Depressive symptoms in the two consecutive student cohorts did not significantly differ. CONCLUSIONS: More than a quarter of Swiss university students reported depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic, which was substantially higher as compared to the matched general population. Universities should introduce measures to support students in such times of crisis and gain an understanding of the factors impacting mental health positively or negatively and related to university structures and procedures.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Pandemias , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Suiza/epidemiología , Universidades
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e24057, 2021 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530200

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and received growing attention in recent years. However, knowledge about the HL of adolescents and young adults is limited.[1] This study aimed to investigate the awareness rate of HL and its related factors among college freshmen in Jiangsu, China. And the results were used to support the promotion intervention to improve the HL of at-risk groups among this population.A total of 25,272 freshmen were surveyed through multi-stage stratified random sampling from 20 colleges and universities in Jiangsu province between 2016 to 2018. Data were obtained using the "Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire" (2013 edition). Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the factors influencing HL levels.The awareness rate of HL of college freshmen in Jiangsu province was 26.6% among the 25,272 subjects. The awareness rate of HL tended to increase from 2016 to 2018, which was 17.9%, 21.5%, and 39.6%, respectively (P < 0.001). Specifically, except for chronic diseases, knowledge and attitudes, knowledge and attitudes toward health-related behavior and lifestyle, health-related skill and scientific views of health, infection diseases, safety and first aid, medical care, health information awareness rate all have improved to a certain degree (P < .001). The independent factors associated with HL awareness rate were sex (odds ratio [OR] = 1.099, (1.039 -1.164)), residence (urban: OR = 1.141, (1.056∼1.234)), educational system (OR = 2.133, (1.975-2.305)), only child or not (OR = 1.087, (1.018-1.161)), family structure (OR = 1.192, (1.078-1.319)) and maternal education level (high school: OR = 1.183 (1.067-1.313); university and more: OR = 1.481 (1.324-1.658)).Awareness rate of HL of college freshmen is associated with multi-complex factors, further works are recommended to improve the HL levels of college freshmen, especially for the aspect of chronic diseases.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Alfabetización en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , China , Femenino , Estilo de Vida Saludable , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Características de la Residencia , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Socioeconómicos , Universidades , Adulto Joven
8.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591663

RESUMEN

The young generation aged 16-24 years is the main demographic national reserve for coming decades. Hence, the purpose of the study is to investigate attitude of modern youth exemplified by students of medical university to establishing family, marriage and birth of children, and also their awareness about issues of reproductive health and training of couple to birth of healthy progeny considering modern approaches of personalized "4P Medicine". The survey of medical students was carried out on the basis of sampling of 193 students in November 2019 to February 2020. The survey data was processed using software SPSS 21. The indices of descriptive and analytical statistics were calculated to analyze study results. The low awareness of medical students on issues of pregravid training and modern approaches of personalized «4P Medicine¼ was established. Despite the fact that significant number of students understand importance of improving their awareness of reproductive health and pregravid training from positions of "4P Medicine", about quarter of all respondents never pondered about these issues. The majority of respondents lead healthy life-style and understand its importance for their health, including reproductive health. The students have positive attitudes to establishment of family and birth of children. It is necessary to improve awareness of medical students of reproductive health, pregravid training and main principles of personalized "4P Medicine".


Asunto(s)
Medicina , Estudiantes de Medicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Salud Reproductiva , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Adulto Joven
9.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591664

RESUMEN

The article presents results of studying health of 1050 students of medical University. The prevalence and severity of otorhinolaryngological pathology among students is of priority attention. It was established that with high self-assessment of competence in health issues, only 55.4% of first-year students and 59% of last-year students mentioned importance of maintaining healthy lifestyle. The analysis of students' morbidity permitted more than half out of them to refer to frequently sick with chill (68.1% and 68.9%respectively). The rhinosinusitis acute conditions were 6.2±0.3 cases in first-year students and 8.6±0.5 cases in graduate students and in 2017 2.8±0.2 and 3.1±0.3 cases respectively. The early start of antibacterial medication intake by respondents because of chill was established. While in one third of all cases this was implemented because of advice of pharmacy employee. It is concluded that it is necessary to develop preventive program concerning otolaryngological pathology that can be implemented on part-time classes.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Medicina , Universidades , Humanos , Prevalencia , Autoevaluación , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591670

RESUMEN

The article presents results of measures of increasing research potential of participants of the scientific and educational medical cluster «North Caucasian¼. The measures include both organizational measures and measures of meaningful nature, i.e. union of scientific and pedagogical workers in scientific areas and their inclusion into activities of scientific schools. The steps are undertaken within the framework of scientific and educational cluster resulted in an increasing of scope of research work and incomes received from their commercialization. The integration of medical universities and medical institutes and departments of classical universities under the Ministry of Education and Science gives synergistic effect in development of innovative products.


Asunto(s)
Academias e Institutos , Universidades , Humanos , Instituciones Académicas , Facultades de Medicina
11.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591676

RESUMEN

The article considers the circumstances of the beginning of teaching medical police at St.Vladimir Imperial University in Kiev that was investigated for the first time. It was established that the medical police were taught as one of academic disciplines at the Department of State Medicine Studies. It found out that the given Department began its activities in 1843 when it was organized and headed by professor Ivan Fedorovich Leonov (1809-1854). The adjunct assistant professor Ch.Ya. von Hübbenet and associate professor A. I. Slobodzinsky worked at this Department in 1847-1850 and in 1851-1856 correspondingly. In 1852, the Charter and Staff of the St. Vladimir University provided setting apart medical jurisprudence from medical police subject and teaching it as an independent faculty discipline. It is demonstrated that hereinafter the given practice didn't become widespread in the Universities of the Russian Empire. In 1853, the Department of State Medicine Studies in Kiev was headed by F. F. Mering (1822-1887).


Asunto(s)
Docentes Médicos , Policia , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Federación de Rusia , Medicina Estatal , Universidades
12.
Mo Med ; 118(1): 45-49, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551485

RESUMEN

Healthcare providers perform lifesaving work in unusually stressful work environments due to the challenges and related risks of battling the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic. The potential personal and professional toll is substantial. This article describes how one healthcare facility benefited from existing peer support resources to address workforce well-being, ensuring that resources were available to support workforce resilience throughout the protracted COVID response.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Fuerza Laboral en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Laboral/normas , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica/fisiología , Adulto , /epidemiología , Prestación de Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Recursos en Salud/provisión & distribución , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental/tendencias , Missouri/epidemiología , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Estrés Laboral/psicología , /aislamiento & purificación , Grupos de Autoayuda/organización & administración , Universidades/organización & administración , Lugar de Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562476

RESUMEN

Coronaviruses (CoVs) are a large family of respiratory viruses that can cause mild to moderate illness. The new variant COVID-19 has started to spread rapidly since December 2019, posing a new threat to global health. To counter the spread of the virus, the Italian government forced the population to close all activities starting from 9 March 2020 to 4 May 2020. In this scenario, we conducted a cross-sectional study on a heterogeneous sample (average age of 28 ± 12 years, 62.6% females) of the University of Naples Federico II (Italy). The aim of the study was to describe the lifestyle change in the university population during quarantine for the COVID 19 pandemic. Participants compiled an online survey consisting of 3 sections: socio-demographic data, dietary behaviours, physical activity habits and psychological aspects. The different results by gender are: 90.8% of females continued to work from home (81.9% were students); 34.8% increased their physical activity; and, only 0.8% prefer ready meals. Whereas, the same percentage of men continued to work from home (90%), but only 72.1% were students (p < 0.001 vs. females), only 23.9% increased physical activity (p < 0.001) and 1.7% favous ready meals. Our data shows that the male population was more affected by isolation and quarantine reporting more unfavourable behavioural changes.


Asunto(s)
Dieta , Ejercicio Físico , Docentes , Pandemias , Estudiantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Cuarentena , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Trabajo , Adulto Joven
14.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246676, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566824

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has unhinged the lives of people across the globe. In particular, more than 30 million Chinese college students are home-schooling, yet there is little understanding of how academic workload, separation from school, and fears of contagion lead to a decrease in their health. This study examined the relationships between Chinese college students' three critical stressors and two types of health in the COVID-19 pandemic context. We used a three-wave lagged design with a one-week interval. All the constructs were assessed by self-report in anonymous surveys during the COVID-19 pandemic. College students were asked to report their demographic information, academic workload, separation from school, fears of contagion, perceived stress, and health. The results of this study showed that academic workload, separation from school, and fears of contagion had negative effects on college students' health via perceived stress. In the COVID-19 crisis, multiple prevention and control measures focusing on college students may lead them to have different degrees of stress and health problems. Our results enrich the literature on stress and health and offer novel practical implications for all circles of the society to ensure students' health under the context of the COVID-19 epidemic.


Asunto(s)
/transmisión , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estudiantes/psicología , /psicología , China , Estudios Transversales , Educación a Distancia , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Estrés Psicológico/etiología , Universidades
15.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Feb 15.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583941

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Since the start of non face-to-face learning classes in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, teachers have been accumulating stress. Since then, the teaching staff have had to adapt to the new telematic classes, and in September 2020 they have had to return to face-to-face classes, taking different hygiene measures to prevent contagion. The changes in teaching methods and the lack of guidelines for the new teaching challenges have created a lot of uncertainty in this sector. The aim of the present study was to measure the levels of stress, anxiety and depression of teaching staff in the face of the reopening of schools and universities after 6 months of absence from face-to-face classes. METHODS: A total of 1,633 teachers from the Department of Education of the Basque Autonomous Community (BAC) took part, all of them professionals working in different educational centres, from early childhood education to university studies. The questionnaire, DASS-21, was applied to measure the symptomatology presented by the teaching staff in relation to the reopening of the centres. RESULTS: The results show that 32.2% of the participants had symptoms of depression, 49.4% had symptoms of anxiety and 50.6% had symptoms of stress. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that teachers have symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression. Therefore, it is important to take care of the mental health of teachers in order to take care of the mental health of students and the quality of teaching.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Docentes/psicología , Salud Mental , Maestros/psicología , Adulto , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , España , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Universidades
16.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(2): 262-268, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605918

RESUMEN

Objective: To assess the emotional intelligence and identify the perceived sources of stress among female dental students and interns at King Khalid University College of Dentistry (KKUCOD), to investigate whether specific stressors were related to the year of study and gender, and to evaluate the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and perceived stress (PS). Materials and Methods: Total of 150 female undergraduates from 5th and 6th years and dental interns were invited to complete a questionnaire using face-to-face interview. Data on EI was collected using a scale developed by Schutte et al. while a modified version of the Dental Environment Stress (DES) was applied to assess the stress perceived by dental students. Results: 120 students agreed to join the study with a response rate of 84%. Mean EI score for the sample was 120 (SD = 11.56), and the mean PS score was 70.37 (SD = 16.19). One-way ANOVA revealed a significant difference between different age groups and the educational, environmental score (P < 0.05). Correlational analysis showed that the PS scale and its factors correlated positively with each other (P < 0.01) and directly with the total EI score (P > 0.01); except for the living accommodation factor, negative correlations with overall EI score were significant. Conclusion: The present study showed that female interns and undergraduate students in clinical years of study at College of Dentistry reported higher EI and PS. The educational environmental score was found to be significantly different among different age groups. In contrary to most published literature, a direct association between EI and PS scores was found, except for the living accommodation factor. This might be attributed to the fact that the study was conducted 1 month prior to final exams. Living accommodation, personal factors, educational environment, academic work and clinical factors were identified as significant predictors of PS.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Universidades , Estudios Transversales , Inteligencia Emocional , Femenino , Humanos , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología
17.
Health Promot Pract ; 22(2): 163-166, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527854

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted all aspects of life, from health to financial to social. College students in particular have faced difficulties adjusting to an entirely virtual atmosphere, compounding the normal stressors that come with full class loads and transitioning into more independent adult lives. In response to the onset of the COVID-19 crisis, a faculty member at the University of South Florida's College of Public Health designed impromptu, free dance lessons offered through a virtual video platform to the college and broader community. The lessons were offered with the intent of providing a healthy and engaging environment to help students and others in the community cope with lockdown stress, depression, and anxiety throughout spring and summer 2020. This article summarizes the structure of the intervention, lessons learned throughout implementation, and the broader practice potential during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Resiliencia Psicológica , Estudiantes/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedad , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Baile/psicología , Ejercicio Físico/psicología , Humanos , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Características de la Residencia , Universidades
18.
Ann Ig ; 33(2): 201-202, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570091

RESUMEN

the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic started in December 2019 and still remains a major global health issue. Every country in the world has adopted drastic measures to contain the virus, although their stringency varies among countries, ranging from increased surveillance and focused interventions to strict lockdown (1). Italy was the second country where the disease had a major impact early in the pandemic, such that a strict nationwide lockdown was declared from March 9 to May 3, 2020. Nonetheless, between January and May 2020, there were 210,000 COVID-19 cases in Italy and 29,000 deaths were recorded (2). Due to the lockdown, universities (and in general all educational services) shifted to online classes, with students attending lessons and taking their exams from home. On-site activities were reduced to those considered indispensable. Research activities also had to be modified, such as by the adoption of a smart-working model (3). Between May and August 2020, the number of SARS-CoV-2 infections in Italy decreased. In response, the lockdown was loosened and some activities were restarted, albeit with specific safety protocols (social distancing, use of masks, temperature checks at the workplace entry, environmental disinfection, mixed models of smart and in-office work). These actions were accompanied by periodic serological and PCR screening tests (4).


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Pandemias , Universidades , /epidemiología , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Máscaras , Vacunación
19.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 70(6): 208-211, 2021 Feb 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571175

RESUMEN

Approximately 41% of adults aged 18-24 years in the United States are enrolled in a college or university (1). Wearing a face mask can reduce transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (2), and many colleges and universities mandate mask use in public locations and outdoors when within six feet of others. Studies based on self-report have described mask use ranging from 69.1% to 86.1% among adults aged 18-29 years (3); however, more objective measures are needed. Direct observation by trained observers is the accepted standard for monitoring behaviors such as hand hygiene (4). In this investigation, direct observation was used to estimate the proportion of persons wearing masks and the proportion of persons wearing masks correctly (i.e., covering the nose and mouth and secured under the chin*) on campus and at nearby off-campus locations at six rural and suburban universities with mask mandates in the southern and western United States. Trained student observers recorded mask use for up to 8 weeks from fixed sites on campus and nearby. Among 17,200 observed persons, 85.5% wore masks, with 89.7% of those persons wearing the mask correctly (overall correct mask use: 76.7%). Among persons observed indoors, 91.7% wore masks correctly. The proportion correctly wearing masks indoors varied by mask type, from 96.8% for N95-type masks and 92.2% for cloth masks to 78.9% for bandanas, scarves, and similar face coverings. Observed indoor mask use was high at these six universities with mask mandates. Colleges and universities can use direct observation findings to tailor training and messaging toward increasing correct mask use.


Asunto(s)
Máscaras/estadística & datos numéricos , Máscaras/normas , Salud Pública/legislación & jurisprudencia , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades/legislación & jurisprudencia , Adolescente , /prevención & control , Humanos , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
20.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572863

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has increased the already high levels of stress that higher education students experience. Stress influences health behaviors, including those related to dietary behaviors, alcohol, and sleep; yet the effects of stress can be mitigated by resilience. To date, past research studying the connections between dietary behaviors, alcohol misuse, sleep, and resilience commonly investigated singular relationships between two of the constructs. The aim of the current study was to explore the relationships between these constructs in a more holistic manner using mediation and moderation analyses. METHODS: Higher education students from China, Ireland, Malaysia, South Korea, Taiwan, the Netherlands, and the United States were enrolled in a cross-sectional study from April to May 2020, which was during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic for most participants. An online survey, using validated tools, was distributed to assess perceived stress, dietary behaviors, alcohol misuse, sleep quality and duration, and resilience. RESULTS: 2254 students completed the study. Results indicated that sleep quality mediated the relationship between perceived stress and dietary behaviors as well as the relationship between perceived stress and alcohol misuse. Further, increased resilience reduced the strength of the relationship between perceived stress and dietary behaviors but not alcohol misuse. CONCLUSION: Based on these results, higher education students are likely to benefit from sleep education and resilience training, especially during stressful events.


Asunto(s)
Alcoholismo , Dieta , Sueño , Estrés Fisiológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Asia/epidemiología , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología , Conducta Alimentaria , Femenino , Salud Global , Humanos , Masculino , América del Norte/epidemiología , Resiliencia Psicológica , Estudiantes , Universidades , Adulto Joven
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