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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248493, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339399

RESUMEN

Abstract Parasites of veterinary importance have been heavily focused on domesticated livestock that was introduced into the neo-tropics. The text used in the teaching parasitology to veterinary students in Trinidad has only investigated the parasites of domesticated species. In the reviewed veterinary parasitology text no mention was made on the parasites that affect wild neo-tropical animals. Information on wild neo-tropical animals had to be sourced from texts on the management of wild life animals in the Neotropics. The texts that were reviewed in this document spanned from the mid-1950s to 2020. The information presented in this review reveals the exhaustive work done on the parasites of domesticated species but also revealed little information on neo-tropical animals with the potential for domestication. In conclusion, this review reveals the gap of information that is missing from parasitology texts used in the teaching of veterinary students. In the future these parasitology texts can be revised to include chapters on the parasites of neo-tropical animals with the potential for domestication. At present students that graduate from the veterinary parasitology course has little information on the parasites of animals which are present in their 'backyards'.


Resumo Parasitas de importância veterinária têm se concentrado fortemente em animais domésticos que foram introduzidos na região neotrópica. O texto usado no ensino de parasitologia para estudantes de veterinária em Trinidad investigou apenas os parasitas de espécies domesticadas. No texto de parasitologia veterinária revisado, nenhuma menção foi feita sobre os parasitas que afetam os animais selvagens neotropicais. As informações sobre animais selvagens neotropicais tiveram que ser obtidas a partir de textos sobre o manejo de animais selvagens nos Neotrópicos. Os textos revisados neste documento vão de meados da década de 1950 até 2020. As informações apresentadas nesta revisão revelam o trabalho exaustivo realizado sobre os parasitas de espécies domesticadas, mas também revelaram poucas informações sobre animais neotropicais com potencial para domesticação. Em conclusão, esta revisão revela a lacuna de informação que existe nos textos de parasitologia utilizados no ensino de estudantes de veterinária. No futuro, esses textos de parasitologia podem ser revisados ​​para incluir capítulos sobre os parasitas de animais neotropicais com potencial para domesticação. Atualmente, os alunos que se formam no curso de parasitologia veterinária têm poucas informações sobre os parasitas de animais que estão presentes em seus "quintais".


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Animales , Educación en Veterinaria , Animales Salvajes , Facultades de Medicina Veterinaria , Estudiantes , Trinidad y Tobago , Universidades
2.
Am Psychol ; 77(1): 150, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34941307

RESUMEN

Memorializes Asuncion (Siony) Miteria Austria (1932-2020). Siony had a 38-year career at Cardinal Stritch University in Milwaukee, WI, where she became a Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychology. She founded the graduate program in Clinical Psychology, and had a tremendous impact on the lives of countless students whom she taught and mentored. A fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA), she served as president of two sections of the Society of Clinical Psychology and was the first chair of the Committee on Diversity in the Society. After her retirement, Siony was able to put more of her energy into the University of Philippines Alumni Association of Wisconsin, an organization founded by her husband, Roger, of which she was also a founding member in 1974. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Psicología Clínica , Sociedades Científicas , Austria , Femenino , Humanos , Estudiantes , Universidades
3.
Am Psychol ; 77(1): 152, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34941311

RESUMEN

Memorializes James G. Greeno (1935-2020). A brilliant and reflective researcher, kind and disciplined mentor, public-spirited scientist, and wonderful colleague, Jim Greeno endowed our profession with wisdom, social value, and selfless citizenship. He began his training in laboratory behaviorism and philosophy of science, helped shape cognitive psychology, transformed vague ideas into testable theory with powerful computational tools, and contributed greatly to our understanding of the situational determinants of thought, learning, and action. He held positions at Indiana University, University of Michigan, University of Pittsburgh, University of California-Berkeley, and Stanford and cofounded the Institute for Research on Learning with John Seely Brown and David Kearns. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Investigadores , Humanos , Masculino , Universidades
4.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0268061, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511888

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: High prevalence of anxiety symptoms has been reported globally in the university students. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the recognized treatment for anxiety and is traditionally conducted face-to-face (f-CBT). The efficacy of internet-based CBT (i-CBT) for anxiety has been extensively studied, yet evidence on its cost-effectiveness is scarce. We aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of guided low-intensity i-CBT for university students with mild anxiety symptoms from the societal perspective of Hong Kong. METHODS: A 5-year Markov model was designed to compare outcomes of guided i-CBT and f-CBT in a hypothetical cohort of university students with mild anxiety symptoms. Model inputs of cost and healthcare resources associated with anxiety were retrospectively collected from a cohort of university students with anxiety symptoms. Clinical and utility model inputs were retrieved from published literature. Model outcome measures were anxiety-related total cost (including direct medical and indirect costs) and quality-adjusted life-year (QALY). Sensitivity analyses were performed to examine the robustness of base-case results. RESULTS: In base-case analysis, i-CBT gained higher QALYs (2.9956 versus 2.9917) at lower total cost (US$6,101 versus US$6,246) than f-CBT. In one-way sensitivity analysis, the QALY gained by i-CBT was sensitive to the relative patient acceptance and adherence to CBT. In probabilistic sensitivity analysis, i-CBT was cost-effective in 90.9% of the time at the willingness-to-pay threshold of 138,210 per QALY (3× GDP per capita in Hong Kong). The probability of i-CBT to be cost-effective was 99.9% at a willingness-to-pay threshold of zero. CONCLUSIONS: Guided i-CBT appears to be cost-saving and effective for management of university students with mild symptoms of anxiety from the societal perspective of Hong Kong. The cost-effectiveness of i-CBT is highly subject to the individual acceptance and adherence of CBT delivered by the internet platform.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual , Ansiedad/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/métodos , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Humanos , Internet , Años de Vida Ajustados por Calidad de Vida , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudiantes , Universidades
5.
Science ; 376(6593): 565-566, 2022 05 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536895

RESUMEN

Critics challenge data underpinning "resolution immunology," triggering university probes.


Asunto(s)
Alergia e Inmunología , Inflamación , Humanos , Investigación , Universidades
6.
Science ; 376(6595): 805, 2022 05 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35587982

RESUMEN

An interdisciplinary interrogation of the Anthropocene misses the chance to probe broader and deeper.


Asunto(s)
Planeta Tierra , Gastrópodos , Animales , Humanos , Universidades
7.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0266940, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594260

RESUMEN

The primary aim of this study was to identify the degree of acceptance of e-exams by undergraduate students at Ajman University during the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study used the descriptive approach. A questionnaire consisting of 27 items was distributed to 1986 undergraduate students. The results of the study showed that undergraduate students demonstrated a moderate degree of acceptance of the implementation of e-exams during the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, with females students finding them more acceptable than male students. Discipline and academic year also showed an impact on such acceptance, with Pharmacy & Health Science College students, and those in their third academic year demonstrating the highest levels of acceptance. Implications of the study raise awareness of the importance of addressing challenges associated with e-exams such as strict computer technology settings.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Estudiantes de Farmacia , COVID-19/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Universidades
8.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0267341, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594319

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In the absence of federal programs and policies to alleviate college student food insecurity, the number of food pantries has grown rapidly in the United States. Yet, no studies, to date, have qualitatively examined students' experiences with this resource. OBJECTIVE: To explore college students' perspectives on barriers to using an on-campus food pantry and provide insights into student-suggested solutions. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 41 college students were recruited from a large public university in the southeastern US with a campus food pantry. Students participated in one-on-one, in-person, semi-structured interviews. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, managed using NVivo 12, and analyzed using inductive, semantic thematic analysis. RESULTS: Most students were classified as food insecure (n = 33, 82.5%), and two-thirds identified as pantry users (at least once). The students' reasons for not using the food pantry indicated resistance and access barriers. Students either 'chose not to use' the campus food pantry due to (i) stigma and shame, (ii) perceived insufficient need, (iii) and unsuitable food or they experienced 'barriers' due to (i) lack of knowledge and (ii) limited food access. The main reason reported by food insecure non-pantry users was feelings of stigma and shame while that of food insecure pantry users was limited food access. Students suggested three solutions to minimize barriers experienced when utilizing the campus food pantry. These included (i) spreading awareness about the pantry through positive marketing messages that de-stigmatize use, (ii) improving accessibility of fresh produce and protein options, and (iii) improving access through satellite locations and online ordering systems. CONCLUSION: These barriers need to be systematically addressed to normalize food pantry use. Consideration of student recommendations by university program developers and policymakers may be of added value to expand access to food by college students with food insecurity.


Asunto(s)
Asistencia Alimentaria , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Estudios Transversales , Inseguridad Alimentaria , Humanos , Estudiantes , Estados Unidos , Universidades
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 8586, 2022 May 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35597780

RESUMEN

Returning university students represent large-scale, transient demographic shifts and a potential source of transmission to adjacent communities during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this prospective longitudinal cohort study, we tested for IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in a non-random cohort of residents living in Centre County prior to the Fall 2020 term at the Pennsylvania State University and following the conclusion of the Fall 2020 term. We also report the seroprevalence in a non-random cohort of students collected at the end of the Fall 2020 term. Of 1313 community participants, 42 (3.2%) were positive for SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies at their first visit between 07 August and 02 October 2020. Of 684 student participants who returned to campus for fall instruction, 208 (30.4%) were positive for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies between 26 October and 21 December. 96 (7.3%) community participants returned a positive IgG antibody result by 19 February. Only contact with known SARS-CoV-2-positive individuals and attendance at small gatherings (20-50 individuals) were significant predictors of detecting IgG antibodies among returning students (aOR, 95% CI 3.1, 2.07-4.64; 1.52, 1.03-2.24; respectively). Despite high seroprevalence observed within the student population, seroprevalence in a longitudinal cohort of community residents was low and stable from before student arrival for the Fall 2020 term to after student departure. The study implies that heterogeneity in SARS-CoV-2 transmission can occur in geographically coincident populations.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Anticuerpos Antivirales , COVID-19/epidemiología , Humanos , Inmunoglobulina G , Estudios Longitudinales , Pandemias , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios Seroepidemiológicos , Estudiantes , Universidades
11.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 2823614, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502350

RESUMEN

In view of the employment difficulties of college graduates, this paper analyzes the overflow of graduates in a particular period caused by the expansion of enrollment in various colleges and universities and the social phenomenon of social positions in short supply. First, the employment status of application-oriented college students and the deficiencies of employment guidance courses are summarized. Then, deep learning technology is combined with the relevant employment concept to construct an employment training model to guide college students in employment. Besides, a questionnaire on learning effect and employment quality is designed from four perspectives: learning motivation, concentration, teaching process, and final results. The information collected through the questionnaire demonstrates that the employment quality and learning effect of male and female students are not significantly affected by gender differences. In addition, the P values of learning motivation, concentration, and teaching process are all less than 0.01, and the unstandardized coefficient of the teaching process is 0.349, which has the most significant impact on the learning effect. In short, the three factors positively affect the learning effect. Therefore, it comes to the conclusion of improving the ability and strategy of classroom employment guidance. If one wants to be successful in job hunting and career selection, it is not enough just to be competitive but also to be good at it. Being good at the competition is reflected in having good psychological quality, strength, and a good competitive state. In the job hunting and career selection competition, attention should be paid to whether the expected value is appropriate. College students should have sufficient self-awareness before preparing to submit resumes. During the interview, they should overcome emotional anxiety. If a person can treat study, work, and life in a good mood from beginning to end, he will win the competition. The research reported here can provide some reference suggestions for the employment quality of application-oriented college graduates.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Profundo , Selección de Profesión , Empleo , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades
12.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 94(2): e20200763, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35507976

RESUMEN

As in many countries, in Brazil science is conducted mostly inside universities by professors and their graduate students and post-docs. This article aims at assessing the circumstances under which university professors of a biological sciences institute of a public university are willing to adopt the term 'scientist' as a form of self-designation. Using an online questionnaire (n=21) and two focus groups (n=12) we investigated how these professionals call or describe themselves under different situations and for distinct publics. We found that most professors prefer not to call themselves a 'scientist'. They find it a natural choice not to use the term 'scientist' to designate their job in scientific research and believe that university professor is appropriate as well as it is a respectful title. However, the participants could envision possible impacts of this attitude on the general public and implications for the public perception of science and technology such as investment and science career choice. The origin of the word scientist and the history of the Brazilian scientific community are brought about to shed some light on the gathered data.


Asunto(s)
Docentes , Estudiantes , Brasil , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
13.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 334, 2022 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501812

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Problem based learning is being highly implemented in many medical schools worldwide due to its perceived advantages including improvement of problem-solving abilities, development of communication skills, creation and development of critical thinking skill, and making of individuals to be lifelong learners & responsible for their own learning process. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to compare academic satisfaction of Problem and Lecture based learning of regular undergraduate health science students in Ethiopian Universities, 2021. METHOD: Institution based comparative cross sectional study was conducted from February 1-30, 2021. Data were collected using a pretested structured and self-administered questionnaire among 850 eligible students from two Universities. Data were entered into EPI info version 6.04 and analyzed using SPSS version 23. Binary Logistic regression model was fitted to identify factors associated with academic satisfaction considering the association to be significant p- value < 0.05. RESULT: The study result revealed that the magnitude of academic satisfaction among problem based and lecture based learning students were 50.9 and 49.9% respectively. Similarly, problem based learning students were more likely to be academically satisfied than lecture based learning students in their type of curriculum with (AOR = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.02, 2.21). Experience of classroom distress (AOR = 1.93, 95% CI = 1.22, 3.06), quality of teaching (AOR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.34, 0.86), relationship with classmates (AOR = 0.33, 95% CI = 0.13, 0.80), course content (AOR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.33, 0.93) and accessibility of technology in the campus (AOR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.40, 0.96) were the significant factors of academic satisfaction of problem based learning students. Year of study (AOR = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.17, 0.48), quality of teaching (AOR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.31, 0.85), course content (AOR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.35, 0.97) and energy & effort (AOR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.35, 0.88) were significantly associated with academic satisfaction among lecture based learning students. CONCLUSION: The study revealed that the academic satisfaction among problem based learning students was higher than lecture based learning students. Incorporating and implementing problem based learning as a formal instructional method in across the universities curriculum is recommended.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Estudios Transversales , Etiopía , Humanos , Estudiantes , Universidades
14.
J Neuroophthalmol ; 42(1): 6-10, 2022 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500234

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Misclassification bias is introduced into medical claims-based research because of reliance on diagnostic coding rather than full medical record review. We sought to characterize this bias for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and evaluate strategies to reduce it. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records was conducted using a clinical data warehouse containing medical records and administrative data from an academic medical center. Patients with 1 or more instances of International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 or -10 codes for IIH (348.2 or G93.2) between 1989 and 2017 and original results of neuroimaging (head CT or MRI), lumbar puncture, and optic nerve examination were included in the study. Diagnosis of IIH was classified as definite, probable, possible, or inaccurate based on review of medical records. The positive predictive value (PPV) for IIH ICD codes was calculated for all subjects, subjects with an IIH code after all testing was completed, subjects with high numbers of IIH ICD codes and codes spanning longer periods, subjects with IIH ICD codes associated with expert encounters (ophthalmology, neurology, or neurosurgery), and subjects with acetazolamide treatment. RESULTS: Of 1,005 patients with ICD codes for IIH, 103 patients had complete testing results and were included in the study. PPV of ICD-9/-10 codes for IIH was 0.63. PPV in restricted samples was 0.82 (code by an ophthalmologist n = 57), 0.70 (acetazolamide treatment n = 87), and 0.72 (code after all testing, n = 78). High numbers of code instances and longer duration between the first and last code instance also increased the PPV. CONCLUSIONS: An ICD-9 or -10 code for IIH had a PPV of 63% for probable or definite IIH in patients with necessary diagnostic testing performed at a single institution. Coding accuracy was improved in patients with an IIH ICD code assigned by an ophthalmologist. Use of coding algorithms considering treatment providers, number of codes, and treatment is a potential strategy to reduce misclassification bias in medical claims-based research on IIH. However, these are associated with a reduced sample size.


Asunto(s)
Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades , Seudotumor Cerebral , Acetazolamida , Humanos , Seudotumor Cerebral/diagnóstico , Seudotumor Cerebral/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Universidades
15.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545603

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate and monitor the occupational hazards in the Teaching and Research Laboratory (hereinafter referred to as the place) of a university, so as to provide basis for the occupational health work in the university. Methods: November 2014, 46 places in a university were selected by stratified random sampling, and the occupational health risk factors were investigated. Results: Indoor temperature, humidity, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide were detected in 21 sites, xylene and hydrofluoric acid were detected in 6 sites, and colony count was detected in 18 sites, the power frequency electric field intensity was measured in 23 places, and the x-ray radiation dose was measured in 4 places. Noise was measured at 21 sites, with 7 sites exceeding the standards accounting for 33.3% (7/21) ; 21 sites were detected for illumination and 10 sites for nonconformity accounting for 47.6% (10/21) ; 10 sites for Microwave Radiation and 3 sites exceeding the standards accounting for 30% (3/10) ; and 25 sites were detected for outdoor air volume and air velocity, the percentage of unqualified was 72% (18/25) in 18 sites, among which the wind velocity was statistically significant in teaching, research and experimental sites (P=0.010) . Conclusion: The occupational hazards in the teaching and research places of a university should be paid attention to, and the engineering protection and personal protection should be strengthened in the experiment.


Asunto(s)
Contaminación del Aire Interior , Exposición Profesional , Salud Laboral , Contaminación del Aire Interior/análisis , Humanos , Humedad , Dióxido de Nitrógeno/análisis , Universidades
16.
East Mediterr Health J ; 28(4): 288-295, 2022 Apr 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545910

RESUMEN

Background: Prescription drug abuse has emerged as the fastest growing problem globally. While people of all ages suffer from the harmful effects, the impact on the health of young people and their quality of life constitutes a significant public health problem. Aims: To estimate the prevalence of the use of prescription drugs and other substances among university students. Methods: An online survey method was used. The tools were distributed in 2019 to 794 university students at Aden University in Yemen 48.2% (n = 383) and King Khalid University in Saudi Arabia 51.8% (n = 411). Students answered the Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10), and a questionnaire on drug and substance abuse. Results: The overall prevalence of low, moderate, substantial and severe on the DAST-10 scale was 27.2%, 10.5%, 2.1% and 0.8%, respectively. The prevalence of sedative misuse among university students was high (12.5%) and the differences between Yemeni and Saudi Arabian students in prescription drug and sedative misuse were significant. Female students were significantly lower than males on the DAST-10 scale. About 3% of the Yemenis were abusing diazepam, while over 31% of Saudi Arabians were abusing inhalants. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the differences between university students in Yemen and Saudi Arabia misusing prescription stimulants and sedatives and the inhalation of volatile substances.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos bajo Prescripción , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Hipnóticos y Sedantes , Masculino , Proyectos Piloto , Calidad de Vida , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Estudiantes , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Universidades
17.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 4310982, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528333

RESUMEN

With the intensification of global economic integration, international exchanges have become increasingly frequent, and employers have put forward higher requirements for ICC (Intercultural Communication Competence) of college students. In this paper, in ICC mode, the multimodal evaluation model framework of ICC is constructed by using multimodal theory. The evaluation object is Chinese college students, the evaluation media are computers and networks, and the evaluation contents include knowledge, consciousness, speculation, attitude, skills, and strategies of cross-cultural communication. The research results will help Chinese college students overcome their fears during the cross-cultural communications, meanwhile,can strengthen the cultivation of ICC for students as well. After comprehensive consideration of various influencing factors, comparing the overall teaching quality of universities of different grades or the same grade can objectively reflect the overall teaching level of the university, hoping to provide some reference for the application of multimodal discourse analysis theory and CET (college English teaching).


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Artificial , Estudiantes , Comunicación , Humanos , Conocimiento , Universidades
18.
BMJ Open ; 12(5): e057062, 2022 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534057

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess the attitude of medical students towards cultural diversity aiming to elucidate our current status in understanding cultural awareness and sensitivity. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A web-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 601 undergraduate health science students (medical and dental courses) at a health sciences university in eastern Nepal via various modes of social-media platforms like WhatsApp, Messenger, Gmail, etc. OUTCOME MEASURES: Medical students' attitude towards cultural diversity and its association with the sociodemographic profile of the students. RESULTS: A total of 601 students participated in the study, out of which, 64.2% were men with a sex ratio of 1.8:1 and a mean age of 22.3±1.9 years. More than two-thirds (77.2%) of the students had an excellent to good attitude towards cultural diversity. The proportion of students reporting 'excellent' attitude towards cultural diversity was higher among male students compared with female students (37.8% vs 20.5%) and students aged >22 years compared with younger students (37.1% vs 26.7%). Gender (p<0.001) and age (p=0.009) were significantly associated with the attitude towards cultural diversity. CONCLUSIONS: Medical students, in general, are aware of the impacts of a cross-cultural society on the delivery of quality healthcare and also about the need to be aware of prejudices doctors may have towards certain cultures. Majority suggest the inclusion of concepts of multicultural awareness and sensitivity in the medical curriculum itself.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Medicina , Adulto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Estudios Transversales , Diversidad Cultural , Curriculum , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Nepal , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Adulto Joven
19.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 54(5): 422-431, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534100

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To identify effective practices for assisting college students with Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) applications and explore challenges in student SNAP enrollment. DESIGN: In-depth interviews with key informants on experiences assisting college students with SNAP applications. SETTING: University of California campuses. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one key informants, including staff from the University of California on-campus Basic Needs Centers, campus financial aid offices, county agencies, and food banks. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Facilitators and barriers of college student SNAP enrollment. ANALYSIS: Transcripts were coded to identify emerging themes. RESULTS: Two of the most frequently mentioned facilitators were county staff presence on campus for application assistance and a strong relationship between campus staff and the county SNAP agency. A common barrier was inconsistent student SNAP eligibility information and procedures across county offices. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Federal coordination with state agencies on student SNAP policy is much needed. This approach could help to eliminate heterogeneous interpretations of student exemptions across counties and between county staff. Future research is warranted to identify policy leverage points at the county, state, and federal levels, such as eliminating the student rule, to ensure equitable access to SNAP among college students.


Asunto(s)
Asistencia Alimentaria , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Estudiantes , Universidades
20.
Can J Aging ; 41(2): 283-293, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534789

RESUMEN

Ageism is pervasive and socially normalized, and population aging has created a need to understand how views of aging and of older people, typically considered to be people over the age of 65, can be improved. This study sought to understand how undergraduate students' attitudes towards older adults and the aging process may be influenced after completing a typical, lecture-based undergraduate course on aging that lacked service-learning components. Two undergraduate student cohorts (n = 40) at two Canadian universities participated in semi-structured focus groups/interviews, describing how the course may have impacted their perceptions of the aging process and of older adults. An iterative collaborative qualitative analysis demonstrated that course content stimulated a deeper understanding of the aging process, prompting a reduction in and increased awareness of ageism, and enhanced personal connection with aging, ultimately facilitating the development of an age-conscious student. Lecture-based courses focused on aging may be sufficient to facilitate positive attitude change among undergraduate students towards older adults and the aging process.


Asunto(s)
Ageísmo , Anciano , Envejecimiento , Canadá , Humanos , Estudiantes , Universidades
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