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2.
Acad Med ; 95(2): 207-212, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577587

RESUMEN

Centers and institutes are created to support interdisciplinary collaboration. However, all centers and institutes face the challenge of how best to evaluate their impact since traditional counts of productivity may not fully capture the interdisciplinary nature of this work. The authors applied techniques from social network analysis (SNA) to evaluate the impact of a center for interprofessional education (IPE), a growing area for centers because of the global emphasis on IPE.The authors created networks based on the connections between faculty involved in programs supported by an IPE center at Virginia Commonwealth University from 2014 to 2017. They used mathematical techniques to describe these networks and the change in the networks over time. The results of these analyses demonstrated that, while the number of programs and involved faculty grew, the faculty maintained a similar amount of connection between members. Additional faculty clusters emerged, and certain key faculty were important connectors between clusters. The analysis also confirmed the interprofessional nature of faculty collaboration within the network.SNA added important evaluation data beyond typical metrics such as counts of learners or faculty. This approach demonstrated how a center was evolving and what strategies might be needed to support further growth. With further development of benchmarks, SNA could be used to evaluate the effectiveness of centers and institutes relative to each other. SNA should guide strategic decisions about the future of centers and institutes as they strive to meet their overarching goal of tackling a social challenge through interdisciplinary collaboration.


Asunto(s)
Red Social , Universidades/organización & administración , Conducta Cooperativa , Humanos , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Modelos Teóricos , Virginia
3.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(1): 46-57, 2020.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854322

RESUMEN

The authors summarize the last 10 years of an ongoing collaborative study between the Universities of Szeged and Pittsburgh on early onset major depression. First, the "Risk factors of childhood depression" grant is presented briefly as an initial research study in which the subjects of the current studies were recruited. This is a prominently large clinical sample in the field of child psychiatry even on an international level. In addition to the follow-up of the prognosis of the disorder, recent studies continue to explore the early onset depression in two directions. On the one hand, two studies investigate the role of biobehavioral inflexibility markers in the development of major depression ("Biobehavioral inflexibility and risk for juvenile-onset depression" and "Biobehavioral inflexibility and risk for juvenile-onset depression - renewal grant"). On the other hand, the authors would like to have a better understanding of the possible relationship between the major depression and cardiovascular diseases ("Pediatric depression and subsequent cardiac risk factors: a longitudinal study"). The most significant aims of the three studies will be demonstrated, as well as how the studies were prepared and organized along with the already existing experience concerning research management and involvement of new collaborating partners and experts.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Biomédica/economía , Depresión , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor , Organización de la Financiación/tendencias , Investigación Biomédica/organización & administración , Niño , Depresión/etiología , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor/etiología , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Factores de Riesgo , Universidades/organización & administración
5.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 785, 2019 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675956

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in and demands for partnerships between academia and healthcare practices. Few empirical studies have described the influence of such partnerships from a practice perspective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a reform launched to increase integration between primary care and academia and to identify potential reasons for why the observed impact occurred in three areas targeted by the reform: research, student education, and continued professional development. METHODS: The study was conducted in Stockholm County, the largest healthcare region in Sweden, at the introduction of a partnership between primary care and academia, including eight coordinating centres and approximately 500 surrounding primary care units. A programme theory-based qualitative approach to evaluation was used, building on document analysis, and in-depth interviews with the centre managers (n = 6) and coordinators (n = 8) conducted 42-66 months after the initiation of the reform. RESULTS: The analysis showed that the reform had some impact on all three areas targeted by the reform: research, student education, and continued professional development. The input that contributed most extensively to the impact was the establishment of facilitating roles. Most changes occurred at the coordinating centres and primarily in the area of student education. The effect on student education was primarily due to having prior experience in this area and perceptions of timely benefits of students to care practice. CONCLUSIONS: Partnerships between primary care and academia hold the potential of practice impact. To increase integration between primary care and academia, the components of the integration must be understandable and relevant for primary care practitioners, and importantly, compliant with delivery of primary care.


Asunto(s)
Reforma de la Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Relaciones Interinstitucionales , Atención Primaria de Salud/organización & administración , Universidades/organización & administración , Humanos , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Investigación Cualitativa , Suecia
9.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 53(5): 707-710, 2019.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661472

RESUMEN

This special issue of the journal is dedicated to the tenth anniversary of the Department of Immunology, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University and describes some of the results of its work. Most of the materials were prepared by young graduates and post-graduate students of the department.


Asunto(s)
Alergia e Inmunología/historia , Alergia e Inmunología/organización & administración , Universidades/organización & administración , Aniversarios y Eventos Especiales , Disciplinas de las Ciencias Biológicas/historia , Disciplinas de las Ciencias Biológicas/organización & administración , Historia del Siglo XXI , Moscú , Universidades/historia
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618824

RESUMEN

Universities may be well poised to support knowledge, skill, and capacity-building efforts to foster the development of multi-level interventions to address complex problems. Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) engaged organizations interested in developing policy- and systems-level initiatives to address the drivers of precarious work in a six-meeting Action Learning (AL) process, in which the researchers served as technical assistance (TA) providers focused on facilitating learning and promoting critical thinking among participants. This exploratory qualitative study examined the role, facilitators, challenges, and impacts of university facilitation in this context. A total of 22 individuals participated in this study, including UIC TA providers, content expert TA providers from labor-focused organizations, and TA recipients from health-focused organizations. Results from interviews and a focus group highlight the utility of a university connecting organizations from different disciplines that do not traditionally work together, and suggest that the TA provided by UIC helped participants think concretely about precarious work and ways in which their organizations might work collaboratively to bring about sustainable change. Findings from this study suggest that university facilitation using an AL approach may be effective in increasing knowledge to action.


Asunto(s)
Creación de Capacidad , Universidades/organización & administración , Chicago
13.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(9): 3583-3594, 2019 Sep 09.
Artículo en Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508775

RESUMEN

The paper introduces and discusses the new players that now have a growing presence on the research scene, namely the entrepreneurial researcher and the entrepreneurial university. It also discusses the current scenario of the diffusion of scientific knowledge that presents increasing problems, with difficulty in publishing results and difficulties in accessing the results of published research. It also discusses the implications of the strategy of translational research and presents and discusses some relevant ethical challenges that result from the reorganization of the relationship between science and business. In particular, it deals with conflicts of interest and the results of excessive competition between scientists and institutions in a scenario of diminished public financial support for science.


Asunto(s)
Contrato de Riesgo/ética , Investigadores/organización & administración , Investigación en Medicina Traslacional/organización & administración , Universidades/organización & administración , Conflicto de Intereses , Ética en Investigación , Humanos , Lógica , Edición , Investigadores/ética , Apoyo a la Investigación como Asunto , Investigación en Medicina Traslacional/ética , Universidades/ética
16.
Br J Nurs ; 28(17): 1124-1128, 2019 Sep 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556740

RESUMEN

Coaching is an intervention that facilitates another person's learning, development and performance. Applied to student nurse practice placement learning, coaching has the potential to boost leadership learning that is student led, less focused on following the directions of a mentor and more focused on students taking responsibility for identifying their learning goals and objectives. This article gives personal perspectives about how a collaboration between four Greater Manchester (GM) universities and their partner practice organisations developed, implemented and evaluated a coaching approach to student nurse clinical leadership development and peer learning, while increasing practice placement capacity-the GM Synergy model. Perspectives are given on setting up a project team, testing the model before implementation and developing a robust evaluation framework. Coaching as a model for student support and clinical leadership development is in line with the Nursing and Midwifery Council's Future Nurse: Standards of Proficiency for Registered Nurses document, with the practice supervisor role complementing the role of the coach in clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería/organización & administración , Liderazgo , Aprendizaje , Tutoría/organización & administración , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Inglaterra , Humanos , Relaciones Interinstitucionales , Modelos Educacionales , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería , Universidades/organización & administración
18.
Health Res Policy Syst ; 17(1): 73, 2019 Jul 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362791

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Partnerships between academic researchers and health system leadership are often promoted by health research funding agencies as an important strategy in helping ensure that funded research is relevant and the results used. While potential benefits of such partnerships have been identified, there is limited guidance in the scientific literature for either healthcare organisations or researchers on how to select, build and manage effective research partnerships. Our main research objective was to explore the health system perspective on partnerships with researchers with a focus on issues related to the design and organisation of the health system and services. Two structured web reviews were conducted as one component of this larger study. METHODS: Two separate structured web reviews were conducted using structured data extraction tools. The first review focused on sites of health research bodies and those providing information on health system management and knowledge translation (n = 38) to identify what guidance to support partnerships might be available on websites commonly accessed by health leaders and researchers. The second reviewed sites from all health 'regions' in Canada (n = 64) to determine what criteria and standards were currently used in guiding decisions to engage in research partnerships; phone follow-up ensured all relevant information was collected. RESULTS: Absence of guidance on partnerships between research institutions and health system leaders was found. In the first review, absence of guidance on research partnerships and knowledge coproduction was striking and in contrast with coverage of other forms of collaboration such as patient/community engagement. In the second review, little evidence of criteria and standards regarding research partnerships was found. Difficulties in finding appropriate contact information for those responsible for research and obtaining a response were commonly experienced. CONCLUSION: Guidance related to health system partnerships with academic researchers is lacking on websites that should promote and support such collaborations. Health region websites provide little evidence of partnership criteria and often do not make contact information to research leaders within health systems readily available; this may hinder partnership development between health systems and academia.


Asunto(s)
Personal Administrativo/organización & administración , Investigación sobre Servicios de Salud/organización & administración , Relaciones Interinstitucionales , Investigadores/organización & administración , Universidades/organización & administración , Canadá , Conducta Cooperativa , Humanos , Internet , Liderazgo , Investigación en Medicina Traslacional
20.
J Natl Black Nurses Assoc ; 30(1): 34-39, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465683

RESUMEN

This article discusses the Provost Scholars, a novel University five-year Mentoring Program for middle and high school students in an inner-city school district. The Provost Scholars is an innovative enrichment Program in which a partnership was formed between an under-resourced inner city school district and a private research university in Cleveland, Ohio. The Program was formed to help students graduate from high school. As these students experience success and empowerment, their willingness and ability to give back to the health of the community is enhanced. The primary goal of the Provost Scholars Mentoring Program is to prepare students for entry into and graduation from colleges/universities, technical/vocational schools, or to find a successful place in the workforce. This article describes a number of initiatives established to ensure the success of the Scholars. One key aspect of the Programs' success is a strong personal interest, caring, engagement, and partnership between the administrative staffs of the following two educational institutions: Case Western Reserve University and the East Cleveland School District, as well as the committed relationships of the university Mentors and the Scholars. Students who participate in the Program are expected to demonstrate improved grades, higher ACT/SAT scores, and to meet the requirements for admission to the colleges and universities of their choice, or to develop skills for meaningful employment in industry.


Asunto(s)
Tutoría/organización & administración , Estudiantes/psicología , Adolescente , Niño , Ciudades , Humanos , Ohio , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Instituciones Académicas/organización & administración , Instituciones Académicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Universidades/organización & administración
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