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1.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e92, 2020 04 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345390

RESUMEN

This paper applies a scenario planning approach, to outline some current uncertainties related to COVID-19 and what they might mean for plausible futures for which we should prepare, and to identify factors that we as individual faculty members and university institutions should be considering now, when planning for the future under COVID-19. Although the contextual focus of this paper is Canada, the content is likely applicable to other places where the COVID-19 epidemic curve is in its initial rising stage, and where universities are predominantly publicly funded institutions.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Docentes/organización & administración , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Universidades , Betacoronavirus , Predicción , Humanos , Universidades/tendencias
2.
Pediatrics ; 144(6)2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712275

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess trends and behavioral patterns of marijuana and cigarette and/or cigar (ie, smoked tobacco) use among 18- to 22-year-old US young adults who were in or not in college. METHODS: Data were from the 2002-2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Past-30-day and past-12-month use of marijuana and smoked tobacco were assessed by college enrollment status. χ2 tests were used to examine within- and between-group differences. Trends were assessed by using logistic regression and relative percentage change (RPC). RESULTS: Among both college and noncollege individuals during 2002 to 2016, exclusive marijuana use increased (faster increase among college students; RPC = 166.6 vs 133.7), whereas exclusive smoked tobacco use decreased (faster decrease among college students; RPC = -47.4 vs -43.2). In 2016, 51.6% of noncollege and 46.8% of college individuals reported past-12-month usage of marijuana and/or smoked tobacco products (P < .05). Exclusive marijuana use was higher among college than noncollege individuals, both for past-30-day (11.5% vs 8.6%) and past-12-month use (14.6% vs 10.8%). Exclusive smoked tobacco use was higher among noncollege than college individuals, both for past-30-day (17.7% vs 10.4%) and past-12-month (17.4% vs 12.2%) use (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Exclusive marijuana use is increasing among young adults overall, whereas exclusive smoked tobacco use is decreasing: faster rates are seen among college students. Exclusive marijuana use is higher among college students, whereas exclusive smoked tobacco use is higher among noncollege individuals. Surveillance of tobacco and marijuana use among young people is important as the policy landscape for these products evolves.


Asunto(s)
Uso de la Marihuana/epidemiología , Uso de la Marihuana/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Uso de Tabaco/epidemiología , Uso de Tabaco/psicología , Universidades , Adolescente , Femenino , Encuestas Epidemiológicas/tendencias , Humanos , Masculino , Uso de la Marihuana/tendencias , Uso de Tabaco/tendencias , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Universidades/tendencias , Adulto Joven
3.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 43(3): 401-407, 2019 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408382

RESUMEN

Since fall 2015, the University of Virginia's (UVA) Engineering Student Council (ESC) has partnered with the nonprofit Virginia Science Olympiad (VASO) organization to host a Science Olympiad (SciOly) state tournament in Charlottesville, Virginia, each spring. This annual tournament brings over 2,000 middle and high school students, teachers, and parents to the UVA campus, and teams of 15-17 people from roughly 90 schools across Virginia participate in 46 different events (23 middle school, Division B; 23 high school, Division C) relating to the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields throughout the day-long competition. The national SciOly organization sets the events and rules to comply with national education standards, and the VASO board coordinates the teams and tournaments within the state. By collaborating with VASO, UVA ESC was able to plan a large-scale SciOly tournament at UVA in approximately 10 mo with the support of the UVA School of Engineering and Applied Science. Since this event was planned and executed solely by undergraduates in cooperation with the nonprofit organization, there were institutional hurdles that were overcome through the months of planning. The Virginia SciOly state tournament has continued to be held at UVA with the support and cooperation of the UVA ESC and VASO, and bringing this tournament to UVA has allowed for increased excitement for participating K-12 students and a mitigated burden to the VASO organizers in planning the state competition. This paper aims to provide a resource for other universities to support STEM activities in K-12 outreach organizations, like SciOly, in the future.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Comunidad-Institución , Instituciones Académicas , Ciencia/educación , Estudiantes , Universidades , Adolescente , Niño , Relaciones Comunidad-Institución/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituciones Académicas/tendencias , Ciencia/tendencias , Universidades/tendencias , Virginia
4.
Nurs Outlook ; 67(6): 760-764, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277897

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In 2015, the majority of U.S. American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN)-accredited schools of nursing resided on campuses without smoke-free policies. PURPOSE: To determine the presence of smoke-free policies at AACN-accredited after resolutions from AACN and the American Academy of Nursing, and the creation of online resources. METHODS: Smoke-free policies (2015-2017) were determined through listings on the ANRF College Campus Policy Database© and survey responses from nursing deans. RESULTS: Smoke-free policies for 689 schools of nursing increased from 36% in 2015 to 91% in 2017. There were no significant differences by nursing program types or geographic area. Twenty percent of deans reported using the resources, with over 1700-page views. CONCLUSION: Smoke-free policies increased after support from two national nursing organizations. Learning in a smoke-free environment should be an expectation for nursing students to protect their own health, and to support their future critical role in tobacco control.


Asunto(s)
Política de Salud/tendencias , Facultades de Enfermería/normas , Facultades de Enfermería/tendencias , Política para Fumadores/tendencias , Universidades/normas , Universidades/tendencias , Predicción , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos
5.
J Couns Psychol ; 66(6): 701-713, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259574

RESUMEN

Psychology of Working Theory (PWT; Duffy, Blustein, Diemer, & Autin, 2016) is a recently developed framework aimed at documenting predictors and outcomes of decent work. To date, no studies have explored the applicability of the psychology of working perspective with emerging adults. The goal of the present study is to examine the predictor portion of PWT with a sample of Korean emerging adults from diverse economic backgrounds. Data were collected from a sample of 407 emerging adults attending a large junior college in Korea. Overall, most of the hypothesized direct paths were significant, with economic resources positively relating to both work volition and career adaptability and these positively relating to occupational engagement and future perceptions of securing decent work. Support for the hypothesized indirect effects was mixed. Overall, results suggest that the PWT is generally relevant and applicable to emerging adults when population-appropriate outcomes are included in the model and that the theory is supported in the Korean context. Based on the results, we also propose that interventions based on malleable psychological factors-the mediators in our study-may be targets when working with emerging adults experiencing economic constraints. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Selección de Profesión , Motivación/fisiología , Ocupaciones/tendencias , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades/tendencias , Volición/fisiología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , República de Corea/epidemiología
6.
J Couns Psychol ; 66(5): 577-587, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259575

RESUMEN

Although the importance of religion in the help-seeking processes of Latinx populations has been discussed (e.g., Moreno & Cardemil, 2013), few studies have considered the effects of religious and cultural factors on Mexican American women's underutilization of professional mental health services and less willingness to seek counseling. To address this gap in the literature, this study focuses on religious cultural values reported by Mexican American college women and how sociocultural factors, such as spiritual and biological etiology beliefs and self-stigma, can shape their willingness to seek counseling, using the cultural influences on mental health (CIMH) theoretical framework (Hwang, Myers, Abe-Kim, & Ting, 2008). Using structural equation modeling, we tested 2 theoretically and empirically derived models of willingness to seek counseling among 276 Mexican American college women at a large Hispanic-serving university in the Southwest. The findings highlighted the direct and indirect ways in which religious cultural values related to willingness to seek counseling and the importance of accounting for etiology beliefs and self-stigma. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Consejo/tendencias , Americanos Mexicanos/psicología , Religión y Psicología , Estigma Social , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades/tendencias , Adolescente , Adulto , Características Culturales , Femenino , Humanos , Servicios de Salud Mental/tendencias , Adulto Joven
7.
Psychiatry Res ; 273: 732-738, 2019 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207860

RESUMEN

High variability in adaptive behavior in cognitively-able adults with autism spectrum disorder has been previously reported, and may be caused by the high prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity in this population. This study's goals were to examine self-reported psychiatric symptoms in students with ASD, and to identify their relative contribution to the variance in adaptive behaviors. The study population included 95 students: 55 diagnosed with ASD (4 females; age range 18-34) who participated in a university integration program (ASD group), and 40 regularly matriculated students (non-ASD group, 7 females; age range 20-36). The ASD group showed a lower adaptive skill level than the non-ASD group as measured by the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System (GAC-ABAS). Significantly higher scores for the ASD group were found for social anxiety, trait anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and depression symptoms. The level of adaptive skills correlated negatively and significantly with the severity of social anxiety symptoms in both groups and with severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms only in the ASD group. Additionally, in a regression model, significant contributions of having an ASD diagnosis and severity of social anxiety explained 41.7% of the variance in adaptive skills. Adequate evaluation and treatment, if needed, are recommended in this population.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica/fisiología , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/psicología , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/epidemiología , Comorbilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoinforme , Universidades/tendencias , Adulto Joven
8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(2): 55-59, jun. 2019. graf.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047950

RESUMEN

En vista de la transformación que se está produciendo en la educación universitaria en general y en la educación para profesionales de la salud en particular, el Instituto Universitario del Hospital Italiano plantea un cambio curricular para la carrera de Medicina. Esto implica, una forma de cambio sociocultural profunda, que afecta los distintos aspectos de la vida institucional. Se propone dejar atrás, el "sistema flexneriano" de enseñanza, proponiendo el sistema Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas (ABP), sumado a talleres y laboratorios donde el conocimiento y las habilidades se irán adquiriendo con diferente grado de complejidad en forma espiralada. El Laboratorio de Práctica Profesional (LPP) es el espacio y el ambiente educacional donde ocurre la máxima integración, trabajando sobre todos los conocimientos necesarios para llevar adelante la actividad profesional correspondiente. En el primer módulo, el enfoque fue guiado, fundamentalmente, hacia lo comunicacional persiguiendo como objetivo que el alumno desarrolle habilidades que le permitan establecer una adecuada relación médico-paciente-familia, así como vínculos adecuados con el equipo de trabajo y la comunidad . Se evaluó el taller en sí mismo y a los tutores mediante encuestas a los estudiantes, y estos últimos a su vez fueron evaluados periódicamente por los tutores y al final del módulo con un examen escrito y un examen tipo evaluación clínica objetiva estructurada. Por lo trabajado creemos que el LPP, como estrategia de enseñanza, contribuye a la formación de habilidades complejas; el resultado de las evaluaciones y el feedback rsultan indispensables para establecer un plan de mejoras. (AU)


In view of the transformation that is taking place in university education in general and in education for health professionals in particular, it is that the University Institute of the Italian Hospital proposes a curricular change for the Medicine career. This implies a socio-cultural change that affects the different aspects of institutional life. It is proposed to leave behind the "Flexnerian system", proposing a system based on: Problem Based Learning, in addition to workshops and laboratories where knowledge and skills will be acquired with a different degree of complexity in spiral form. The Professional Practice Laboratory is the space and educational environment where maximum integration occurs, working on all the necessary knowledge to carry out the corresponding professional activity. In the first module the focus was guided, fundamentally, to the communicational pursuing as objective: that the student develops skills that allow him to establish an adequate doctor-patient-family relationship, as well as adequate links, with the work team and the community. The evaluation was carried out to workshop itself and to the tutors through students' quiz. The students were periodically evaluated by the tutors and at the end of the module with a written exam and a structured Objective Clinical Evaluation type test. For what we have worked to this moment, we believe that: The laboratory of professional practice, as a teaching strategy, contributes to the formation of complex skills; being the result of the evaluations and the feedback, fundamental to establish an improvement plan. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Educación Basada en Competencias/métodos , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Educación Médica/métodos , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/métodos , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Enseñanza/educación , Universidades/tendencias , Mentores/educación , Características Culturales , Evaluación Educacional/métodos , Capacitación Profesional , Habilidades Sociales , Retroalimentación Formativa , Formación del Profesorado/tendencias , Hospitales Universitarios/tendencias
10.
Pediatrics ; 143(6)2019 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076542

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We compared injury incidence and mechanisms among youth, high school (HS), and National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) boys' and men's lacrosse athletes for the 2014-2015 to 2016-2017 lacrosse seasons. METHODS: Multiple injury surveillance systems were used to capture 21 youth boys', 22 HS boys', and 20 NCAA men's lacrosse team-seasons of data during the 2014-2015 to 2016-2017 seasons. Athletic trainers reported game and practice injuries and athlete exposures (AEs). Injuries included those occurring during a game and/or practice and requiring evaluation from an athletic trainer and/or physician. Injury counts, rates per 1000 AEs, and injury rate ratios (IRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: The injury rate in youth was higher than those reported in HS (10.3 vs 5.3 per 1000 AEs; IRR = 2.0; 95% CI: 1.6-2.4) and the NCAA (10.3 vs 4.7 per 1000 AEs; IRR = 2.2; 95% CI: 1.9-2.5). When considering time loss injuries only (restricted participation of ≥24 hours), the injury rate in youth was lower than those reported in HS (2.0 vs 2.9 per 1000 AEs; IRR = 0.7; 95% CI: 0.5-0.95) and the NCAA (2.0 vs 3.3 per 1000 AEs; IRR = 0.6; 95% CI: 0.4-0.8). The concussion rate in youth was higher than those in HS (0.7 vs 0.3 per 1000 AEs; IRR = 2.4, 95% CI: 1.1-5.2) and the NCAA (0.7 vs 0.3 per 1000 AEs; IRR = 2.1, 95% CI: 1.2-3.7). Injuries at the youth, HS, and NCAA levels were most commonly associated with stick contact, inflammatory conditions (including bursitis, tendonitis, and other unspecified inflammation), and noncontact mechanisms, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Although the time loss injury rate was lowest in youth boys' lacrosse, the concussion rate was the highest. Injury prevention approaches should be specific to the mechanisms associated with each level of play (eg, equipment skill development in youth).


Asunto(s)
Atletas , Deportes de Raqueta/lesiones , Instituciones Académicas , Estudiantes , Universidades , Adolescente , Conmoción Encefálica/diagnóstico , Conmoción Encefálica/epidemiología , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Deportes de Raqueta/tendencias , Instituciones Académicas/tendencias , Universidades/tendencias , Adulto Joven
11.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 43(2): 180-190, 2019 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998103

RESUMEN

Historically, Brazilian higher education teachers' pedagogical training has not been a concern. Even today, a graduate degree is the main requirement to be a faculty member. However, a set of competencies is necessary to teach: pedagogical competency, political competency, and knowledge of specific content. Most graduate training covers only knowledge of specific content. Therefore, this work aimed to outline the profile of basic health sciences faculty members teaching in biomedical and related fields regarding their undergraduate and graduate training, as well as the initial and continued pedagogical training in Brazilian public and private higher education institutions (HEIs). An electronic questionnaire was sent to these professionals, and a total of 763 responses were analyzed (66.4% from public and 33.6% from private HEIs). Compared with private HEI faculty, faculty from public HEIs were more experienced in teaching, and more time had passed since they finished their graduate training. On the other hand, faculty from private HEIs had a more intense undergraduate teaching workload than faculty from public HEIs. Additionally, faculty from private HEIs attended more extensive and more frequent pedagogical training activities (PTAs). Both groups expressed that activities closely related to their classroom practice and recognition for good pedagogical performance were incentives for their participation in PTAs. In conclusion, differences between the faculty from public and private HEIs may be due to the characteristics of HEIs themselves. Hypothetically, private HEIs focus on teaching, which may explain why faculty from these institutions seek improvement in this area, whereas public HEIs focus on research.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Biomédica/educación , Docentes/educación , Empleos en Salud/educación , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Enseñanza/educación , Universidades , Investigación Biomédica/tendencias , Brasil/epidemiología , Empleos en Salud/tendencias , Humanos , Enseñanza/tendencias , Universidades/tendencias
12.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 199: 92-100, 2019 06 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029880

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Web-based personalized normative feedback (PNF) interventions are less effective than their laboratory versions. Participant motivation may account for this reduced effect, but there is only a limited amount of research into the influence of motivation on PNF effectiveness. We evaluated the effectiveness of a web-based PNF in reducing alcohol use and consequences among college students with different motivation levels. METHODS: Pragmatic randomized controlled trial among Brazilian college drinkers aged 18-30 years (N = 4460). Participants were randomized to a Control or PNF group and followed-up after one (T1), three (T2) and six (T3) months. Outcomes were: AUDIT score (primary outcome), the number of consequences, and the typical number of drinks. Motivation for receiving the intervention was assessed with a visual analog scale (range: 0-10). Generalized mixed models assessed intervention effects via two paradigms: observed cases and attrition models. RESULTS: PNF reduced the number of typical drinks at T1 (OR = 0.71, p = 0.002), T2 (OR = 0.60, p < 0.001) and T3 (OR = 0.68, p = 0.016), compared to the control. Motivated students (score ≥3) receiving PNF also reduced the number of typical drinks at T1 (OR = 0.60, p < 0.001), T2 (OR = 0.55, p < 0.001) and T3 (OR = 0.56, p = 0.001), compared to the control. However, the attrition models were more robust at T1 and T2. In contrast, low-motivated students receiving the PNF increased AUDIT score at T3 (b = 1.49, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The intervention reduced alcohol use, and motivation for receiving the intervention moderated the intervention effects. Motivated students reduced their typical alcohol use, whereas low-motivated students increased their AUDIT score.


Asunto(s)
Consumo de Alcohol en la Universidad/psicología , Retroalimentación Psicológica , Internet , Motivación , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiología , Intervención Médica Temprana/métodos , Intervención Médica Temprana/tendencias , Retroalimentación Psicológica/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Internet/tendencias , Masculino , Motivación/fisiología , Universidades/tendencias , Adulto Joven
13.
Am J Epidemiol ; 188(5): 814-817, 2019 05 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877290

RESUMEN

In 2018, the Society for Epidemiologic Research and its partner journal, the American Journal of Epidemiology, assembled a working group to develop a set of papers devoted to the "future of epidemiology." These 14 papers covered a wide range of topic areas and perspectives, from thoughts on our profession, teaching, and methods to critical areas of substantive research. The authors of those papers considered current challenges and future opportunities for research and education. In light of past commentaries, 4 papers also include reflections on the discipline at present and in the future.


Asunto(s)
Epidemiología/organización & administración , Epidemiología/tendencias , Investigación/organización & administración , Investigación/tendencias , Macrodatos , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Epidemiología/educación , Epidemiología/normas , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Humanos , Sistemas de Información/organización & administración , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Salud Pública , Investigación/normas , Universidades/organización & administración , Universidades/tendencias
15.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 116, 2019 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885176

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Obesity and sedentary behaviour, risk factors for knee osteoarthritis in middle-age, are increasing in younger adults. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of knee problems in young adults, to characterise these problems and explore the relationship with physical activity, physical inactivity and obesity. METHODS: Presence of knee problems was collected through self-report questionnaire from staff and students of one university aged 18-39; direct measurement of weight and height was taken and activity measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Twelve-month prevalence of knee problems was estimated. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationship between knee problems and physical activity levels, sitting time and body mass index. RESULTS: The prevalence of knee problems was high (31.8% [95% CI 26.9 to 37.2%]) among the 314 participants; knee pain was the most common dominant symptom (65%). Only high physical activity levels (OR 2.6 [95% CI 1.4-4.9]) and mental distress (OR 2.3 [95% CI 1.2-4.6]) were independent risk factors for knee problems. CONCLUSIONS: Knee problems were common among young adults, who were staff and students of a university. With increasing obesity prevalence, populations are being encouraged to become more active. More attention may need to be paid towards prevention of knee problems in such programmes, and further research is warranted.


Asunto(s)
Artralgia/diagnóstico , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Articulación de la Rodilla/patología , Obesidad , Conducta Sedentaria , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Artralgia/epidemiología , Artralgia/prevención & control , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Traumatismos de la Rodilla/diagnóstico , Traumatismos de la Rodilla/epidemiología , Traumatismos de la Rodilla/prevención & control , Masculino , Obesidad/diagnóstico , Obesidad/epidemiología , Estudiantes , Universidades/tendencias , Adulto Joven
16.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 44(12): 848-854, 2019 Jun 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830045

RESUMEN

STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of cervical spine injuries in collegiate football players. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The incidence and etiology of cervical spine injuries in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) football players has not been well defined in recent years. METHODS: The incidence and characteristics of cervical spine injuries were identified utilizing the NCAA-ISP database. Rates of injury were calculated as the number of injuries divided by the total number of athlete-exposures (AEs). AEs were defined as any student participation in one NCAA-sanctioned practice or competition. RESULTS: An estimated 7496 cervical spine injuries were identified. Of these, 85.6% were categorized as new injuries. These occurred at a rate of 2.91 per 10000 AEs. Stingers were most common (1.87 per 10000 AEs) followed by cervical strains (0.80 per 10000 AEs). Injuries were nine times more likely to occur during competition when compared with practice settings. When compared with the regular season, the relative risks of sustaining a cervical spine injury during the preseason and postseason were 0.69 (95% CI 0.52-0.90) and 0.39 (95% CI 0.16-0.94), respectively. The rate of cervical spine injuries was highest in Division I athletes. Direct contact-related injuries were most common, representing 90.8% of all injuries sustained. Injuries were most common in linebackers (20.3%) followed secondarily by defensive linemen (18.2%). Most players returned to play within 24 hours of the initial injury (64.4%), while only 2.8% remained out of play for > 21 days. CONCLUSION: Fortunately, the rate of significant and disabling cervical spine injuries appears to be low in the NCAA football athlete. The promotion of safer tackling techniques, appropriate modification of protective gear, and preventive rehabilitation in these aforementioned settings is of continued value. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Asunto(s)
Vértebras Cervicales/lesiones , Fútbol Americano/lesiones , Fútbol Americano/tendencias , Traumatismos del Cuello/epidemiología , Estudiantes , Universidades/tendencias , Adolescente , Traumatismos en Atletas/diagnóstico , Traumatismos en Atletas/epidemiología , Bases de Datos Factuales/tendencias , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Traumatismos del Cuello/diagnóstico , Estudios Prospectivos , Estaciones del Año , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
18.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 49(6): 2320-2336, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734173

RESUMEN

This study describes the academic, social, and health experiences of college students on the autism spectrum as they compare to students with other disabilities and their non-disabled, neurotypical peers. Data were from an online survey of college students at 14 public institutions (N = 3073). There were few significant differences between students on the spectrum and students with other disabilities. Both groups of students reported significantly worse outcomes than neurotypical students on academic performance, social relationships and bullying, and physical and mental health. The findings suggest that some of the challenges students on the spectrum face in college result from the stigma and social rejection associated with disability rather than from the unique characteristics of autism.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno Autístico/psicología , Grupo Paritario , Estigma Social , Estudiantes/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Rendimiento Académico/psicología , Rendimiento Académico/tendencias , Adulto , Trastorno Autístico/diagnóstico , Acoso Escolar/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental/tendencias , Distancia Social , Universidades/tendencias , Adulto Joven
20.
J Couns Psychol ; 66(2): 158-169, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652882

RESUMEN

We examined implications of evaluative threat on the ability to regulate emotions for first-time college freshmen completing Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) majors (N = 432). Students completed the Evaluative Threat in STEM Scale (Ahlqvist, London, & Rosenthal, 2013) and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS; Gratz & Roemer, 2004) at six intervals. Cross-sectional and longitudinal measurement invariance was supported. Women reported greater evaluative threat than men, but they did not differ from men in difficulties regulating emotion. Both constructs showed moderate relative stability over time. Using latent change score analyses, significant positive deceleration change patterns indicated that four of the emotion regulation difficulties (Lack of Emotional Awareness, Lack of Emotional Clarity, Impulse Control Difficulties, and Nonacceptance of Emotional Responses) and evaluative threat tended to increase (worsen) over the year, but the increases also slowed (i.e., plateaued) over time. Compared with men, women initially reported higher evaluative threat than men did, but these differences decreased over the year, as women decelerated more quickly than men did. In terms of cross-coupling effects, we found that evaluative threat was associated with subsequent difficulty in identifying strategies to cope with unpleasant emotions. There were no cross-coupling effects for emotion regulation predicting subsequent change in evaluative threat. Gender moderated the Evaluative Threat-to-DERS coupling effects for Lack of Emotional Clarity, Difficulties in Goal-Directed Behavior, and Nonacceptance of Emotional Responses. We discuss implications of evaluative threat for depleting coping resources and some potential psychoeducational and preventive interventions to support students in STEM majors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Emociones , Ingeniería/educación , Análisis de Clases Latentes , Matemática/educación , Estudiantes/psicología , Tecnología/educación , Adaptación Psicológica/fisiología , Adolescente , Concienciación/fisiología , Estudios Transversales , Emociones/fisiología , Ingeniería/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Matemática/tendencias , Tecnología/tendencias , Universidades/tendencias , Adulto Joven
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