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1.
Int J Clin Pract ; 2022: 9430097, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35685590

RESUMEN

Aim: We intended to provide the clinical evidence that artificial intelligence (AI) could be used to assist doctors in the diagnosis of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods: Studies published in 2021 were identified after the literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane. Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) was used to perform the quality assessment of studies. Data extraction of diagnosis effect included accuracy (ACC), sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), area under curve (AUC), and Dice scores (Dices). The pooled effect with its 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was calculated by the random effects model. I-Square (I 2) was used to test heterogeneity. To check the stability of the overall results, sensitivity analysis was conducted by recalculating the pooled effect of the remaining studies after omitting the study with the highest quality or the random effects model was switched to the fixed effects model. Funnel plot was used to evaluate publication bias. To reduce heterogeneity, recalculating the pooled effect of the remaining studies after omitting the study with the lowest quality or perform subgroup analysis. Results: Twenty-five diagnostic tests of ICH via AI and doctors with overall high quality were included. Pooled ACC, SEN, SPE, PPV, NPV, AUC, and Dices were 0.88 (0.83∼0.93), 0.85 (0.81∼0.89), 0.90 (0.88∼0.92), 0.80 (0.75∼0.85), 0.93 (0.91∼0.95), 0.84 (0.80∼0.89), and 0.90 (0.85∼0.95), respectively. There was no publication bias. All of results were stable as revealed by sensitivity analysis and were accordant as outcomes via subgroups analysis. Conclusion: Under the background of the fourth industrial revolution, AI might be an effective and efficient tool to assist doctors in the clinical diagnosis of ICH.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Artificial , Hemorragia Cerebral , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico , Humanos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
2.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2022: 5847589, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35685665

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the diagnostic value of emission computed tomography (ECT) combined with computed tomography (CT) for metastatic malignant tumor of spine. Methods: By means of retrospective study, a total of 102 patients with extraskeletal primary malignant tumor treated in our hospital from February 2019 to February 2021 were selected as the subjects. All patients had single lesion of the spine, of which 72 were malignant and 30 were benign according to the results of pathological examination. ECT and CT examinations were performed to all patients, and by taking the pathological findings as the gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of ECT, CT, and their combination were calculated, and their efficacy in diagnosing metastatic malignant tumor of spine was analyzed. Results: A total of 68 (94.4%) metastatic malignant spinal tumors were detected by ECT combined with CT, with a detection rate of 100% in breast cancer and lung cancer, 94.1% in liver cancer, and 78.6% in prostate cancer, respectively; the combined diagnosis had a diagnostic sensitivity of 94.4%, specificity of 73.3%, positive predictive value of 89.5%, negative predictive value of 84.6%, and diagnostic accuracy rate of 88.2%, and AUC (95% CI) = 0.839 (0.739-0.939). Conclusion: Combining ECT with CT has a good diagnostic efficacy for metastatic malignant spinal tumors.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Columna Vertebral , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Estudios Retrospectivos , Neoplasias de la Columna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X/métodos
3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(6): e2216370, 2022 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679042

RESUMEN

Importance: The American College of Radiology (ACR) Ovarian-Adnexal Reporting and Data System (O-RADS) ultrasound (US) risk scoring system has been studied in a selected population of women referred for suspected or known adnexal lesions. This population has a higher frequency of malignant neoplasms than women presenting to radiology departments for pelvic ultrasonography for a variety of indications, potentially impacting the diagnostic performance of the risk scoring system. Objective: To evaluate the risk of malignant neoplasm and diagnostic performance of O-RADS US risk scoring system in a multi-institutional, nonselected cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multi-institutional cohort study included a population of nonselected women in the United States who presented to radiology departments for routine pelvic ultrasonography between 2011 and 2014, with pathology confirmation imaging follow up or 2 years of clinical follow up. Exposure: Analysis of 1014 adnexal lesions using the O-RADS US risk stratification system. Main Outcomes and Measures: Frequency of ovarian cancer and diagnostic performance of the O-RADS US risk stratification system. Results: This study included 913 women with 1014 adnexal lesions. The mean (SD) age of the patients was 42.4 (13.9 years), and 674 of 913 (73.8%) were premenopausal. The overall frequency of malignant neoplasm was 8.4% (85 of 1014 adnexal lesions). The frequency of malignant neoplasm for O-RADS US 2 was 0.5% (3 of 657 lesions; <1% expected); O-RADS US 3, 4.5% (5 of 112 lesions; <10% expected); O-RADS US 4, 11.6% (18 of 155; 10%-50% expected); and O-RADS 5, 65.6% (59 of 90 lesions; >50% expected). O-RADS US 4 was the optimum cutoff for diagnosing cancer with sensitivity of 90.6% (95% CI, 82.3%-95.9%), specificity of 81.9% (95% CI, 79.3%-84.3%), positive predictive value of 31.4% (95% CI, 25.7%-37.7%) and negative predictive value of 99.0% (95% CI, 98.0%-99.6%). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study of a nonselected patient population, the O-RADS US risk stratification system performed within the expected range as published by the ACR O-RADS US committee. The frequency of malignant neoplasm was at the lower end of the published range, partially because of the lower prevalence of cancer in a nonselected population. However, a high negative predictive value was maintained, and when a lesion can be classified as an O-RADS US 2, the risk of cancer is low, which is reassuring for both clinician and patient.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Ováricas , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ováricas/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Ováricas/epidemiología , Neoplasias Ováricas/patología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Factores de Riesgo , Ultrasonografía/métodos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
4.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(11): 1140-1149, 2022 Jun 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680194

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The work-up for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) currently uses computed tomography to evaluate the annulus diameter and peripheral vascular access plus invasive coronary angiography (ICA) to assess significant coronary artery disease (CAD). ICA might partially be redundant with the use of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Prior studies found an improvement of the diagnostic accuracy of CCTA with the use of computed tomography-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of CT-FFR for the diagnosis of CAD in the work-up for TAVR. METHODS: Consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis who underwent TAVR work-up between 2015 and 2019 were included in this retrospective cross-sectional study. All patients underwent CCTA and ICA within 3 months, and the diagnostic performance of both CCTA and CT-FFR was assessed using ICA as the reference. RESULTS: Seventy-six of the 338 patients included in the analysis had ≥1 significant coronary stenosis on ICA. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy per patient were 76.9%, 64.5%, 34.0%, 92.1%, and 66.9% for CCTA and 84.6%, 88.3%, 63.2%, 96.0%, and 87.6% for CT-FFR. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was significantly different between CCTA and CT-FFR (0.84 vs 0.90, P = 0.02). A CT-FFR-guided approach could avoid ICA in 57.1% versus 43.6% of patients using CCTA. CONCLUSIONS: CT-FFR significantly improves the diagnostic accuracy of CCTA without additional testing and increases the proportion of patients in whom ICA could have been safely avoided. It has the potential to be integrated in the current clinical work-up for TAVR for diagnosing stable CAD requiring treatment.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Estenosis Coronaria , Reserva del Flujo Fraccional Miocárdico , Reemplazo de la Válvula Aórtica Transcatéter , Angiografía por Tomografía Computarizada/métodos , Angiografía Coronaria/métodos , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico , Estenosis Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Estenosis Coronaria/terapia , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Reemplazo de la Válvula Aórtica Transcatéter/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 15(6): 1015-1026, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680209

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The left atrium is an early sensor of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Still, the prognostic value of left atrial (LA) function (strain) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of CMR-derived LA strain in DCM. METHODS: Patients with DCM from the Maastricht Cardiomyopathy Registry with available CMR imaging were included. The primary endpoint was the combination of sudden or cardiac death, heart failure (HF) hospitalization, or life-threatening arrhythmias. Given the nonlinearity of continuous variables, cubic spline analysis was performed to dichotomize. RESULTS: A total of 488 patients with DCM were included (median age: 54 [IQR: 46-62] years; 61% male). Seventy patients (14%) reached the primary endpoint (median follow-up: 6 [IQR: 4-9] years). Age, New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class >II, presence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), LA volume index (LAVI), LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), and LA reservoir and conduit strain were univariably associated with the outcome (all P < 0.02). LA conduit strain was a stronger predictor of outcome compared with reservoir strain. LA conduit strain, NYHA functional class >II, and LGE remained associated in the multivariable model (LA conduit strain HR: 3.65 [95% CI: 2.01-6.64; P < 0.001]; NYHA functional class >II HR: 1.81 [95% CI: 1.05-3.12; P = 0.033]; and LGE HR: 2.33 [95% CI: 1.42-3.85; P < 0.001]), whereas age, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, LVEF, left atrial ejection fraction, LAVI, and LV GLS were not. Adding LA conduit strain to other independent predictors (NYHA functional class and LGE) significantly improved the calibration, accuracy, and reclassification of the prediction model (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LA conduit strain on CMR is a strong independent prognostic predictor in DCM, superior to LV GLS, LVEF, and LAVI and incremental to LGE. Including LA conduit strain in DCM patient management should be considered to improve risk stratification.


Asunto(s)
Cardiomiopatía Dilatada , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda , Medios de Contraste , Femenino , Gadolinio , Atrios Cardíacos , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Cinemagnética , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Pronóstico , Volumen Sistólico , Función Ventricular Izquierda
8.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 15(6): 1030-1042, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680211

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In patients with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), the multi-annual evolution of myocardial tissue injury parameters, as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), has not yet been described. OBJECTIVES: This study examined myocardial tissue injury dynamics over a decade after STEMI. METHODS: Sequential CMR examinations (within the first week after STEMI, and at 4, 12, months, and 9 years thereafter) were conducted in 74 patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Left ventricular function, infarct size (IS), and microvascular obstruction (MVO) were assessed at all time points. T2∗, T2, and T1 mapping (n = 59) were added at 9-year scan to evaluate the presence of iron and edema within the infarct core, respectively. RESULTS: IS decreased progressively and significantly between all CMR time points (all P < 0.001), with an average reduction rate of 5.8% per year (IQR: 3.5%-8.8%) and a relative reduction of 49% (IQR: 39%-76%) over a decade. MVO was present in 61% of patients at baseline, but was not present at the follow-up examinations. At 9-year CMR, 17 of 59 (29%) patients showed iron deposition within the infarct core, whereas 82% had persistent edema. Persistent iron and edema were associated with greater IS on any occasion (all P < 0.001), as well as the presence of MVO (P < 0.001). Patients with persistent iron and edema showed a lower relative regression of IS (P = 0.005 and P = 0.032, respectively) and greater end-systolic volumes over a decade (all P < 0.012 and P > 0.023, respectively). A T1 hypointense infarct core without evidence of T2∗ iron deposition (14 of 59 [24%] patients) was attributed to lipomatous metaplasia of the infarct. CONCLUSIONS: The evolution of IS is a dynamic process that extends well beyond the first few months after STEMI. Persistence of iron and edema within the infarct core occurs up to a decade after STEMI and is associated with initial infarct severity and poor infarct healing.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones Cardíacas , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST , Edema/etiología , Humanos , Hierro , Imagen por Resonancia Cinemagnética , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea/efectos adversos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/diagnóstico por imagen , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/etiología , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/terapia
10.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 15(6): 1046-1058, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680213

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The influence of extensive coronary calcifications on the diagnostic and prognostic value of coronary computed tomography angiography-derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) has been scantily investigated. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic and short-term role of FFRCT in chest pain patients with Agatston score (AS) >399. METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter study of 260 stable patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and AS >399. FFRCT was measured blinded by an independent core laboratory. All patients underwent invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and FFR if indicated. The agreement of FFRCT ≤0.80 with hemodynamically significant CAD on ICA/FFR (≥50% left main or ≥70% epicardial artery stenosis and/or FFR ≤0.80) was assessed. Patients undergoing FFR had colocation FFRCT measured, and the lowest per-patient FFRCT was registered in all patients. The association among per-patient FFRCT, coronary revascularization, and major clinical events (all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, or unstable angina hospitalization) at 90-day follow-up was evaluated. RESULTS: Median age and AS were 68.5 years (IQR: 63-74 years) and 895 (IQR: 587-1,513), respectively. FFRCT was ≤0.80 in 204 patients (78%). Colocation FFRCT (n = 112) showed diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity to identify hemodynamically significant CAD of 71%, 87%, and 54%. The area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve (AUC) was 0.75. When using the lowest FFRCT (n = 260), per-patient accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 57%, 95%, and 32%, respectively. The AUC was 0.84. A total of 85 patients underwent revascularization, and FFRCT was ≤0.80 in 96% of these. During follow-up, major clinical events occurred in 3 patients (1.2%), all with FFRCT ≤0.80. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with AS >399 had FFRCT ≤0.80. Using ICA/FFR as the reference revealed a moderate diagnostic accuracy of colocation FFRCT. Compared with the lowest per-patient FFRCT, colocation FFRCT measurement improved diagnostic accuracy and specificity. The 90-day follow-up was favorable with few coronary revascularizations and no major clinical events occurring in patients with FFRCT >0.80. (Use of FFR-CT in Stable Intermediate Chest Pain Patients With Severe Coronary Calcium Score [FACC]; NCT03548753).


Asunto(s)
Calcinosis , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Estenosis Coronaria , Reserva del Flujo Fraccional Miocárdico , Dolor en el Pecho , Angiografía por Tomografía Computarizada , Angiografía Coronaria/métodos , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/complicaciones , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/terapia , Estenosis Coronaria/complicaciones , Estenosis Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Estenosis Coronaria/terapia , Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Estudios Prospectivos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X
13.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 15(6): 1063-1074, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680215

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Among symptomatic patients, it remains unclear whether a coronary artery calcium (CAC) score alone is sufficient or misses a sizeable burden and progressive risk associated with obstructive and nonobstructive atherosclerotic plaque. OBJECTIVES: Among patients with low to high CAC scores, our aims were to quantify co-occurring obstructive and nonobstructive noncalcified plaque and serial progression of atherosclerotic plaque volume. METHODS: A total of 698 symptomatic patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent serial coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA) performed 3.5 to 4.0 years apart. Atherosclerotic plaque was quantified, including by compositional subgroups. Obstructive CAD was defined as ≥50% stenosis. Multivariate linear regression models were used to measure atherosclerotic plaque progression by CAC scores. Cox proportional hazard models estimated CAD event risk (median of 10.7 years of follow-up). RESULTS: Across baseline CAC scores from 0 to ≥400, total plaque volume ranged from 30.4 to 522.4 mm3 (P < 0.001) and the prevalence of obstructive CAD increased from 1.4% to 49.1% (P < 0.001). Of those with a 0 CAC score, 97.9% of total plaque was noncalcified. Among patients with baseline CAC <100, nonobstructive CAD was prevalent (40% and 89% in CAC scores of 0 and 1-99), with plaque largely being noncalcified. On the follow-up coronary CTA, volumetric plaque growth (P < 0.001) and the development of new or worsening stenosis (P < 0.001) occurred more among patients with baseline CAC ≥100. Progression varied compositionally by baseline CAC scores. Patients with no CAC had disproportionate growth in noncalcified plaque, and for every 1 mm3 increase in calcified plaque, there was a 5.5 mm3 increase in noncalcified plaque volume. By comparison, patients with CAC scores of ≥400 exhibited disproportionate growth in calcified plaque with a volumetric increase 15.7-fold that of noncalcified plaque. There was a graded increase in CAD event risk by the CAC with rates from 3.3% for no CAC to 21.9% for CAC ≥400 (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CAC imperfectly characterizes atherosclerotic disease burden, but its subgroups exhibit pathogenic patterns of early to advanced disease progression and stratify long-term prognostic risk.


Asunto(s)
Aterosclerosis , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Placa Aterosclerótica , Calcio , Angiografía por Tomografía Computarizada/métodos , Constricción Patológica/complicaciones , Angiografía Coronaria/métodos , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/complicaciones , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/epidemiología , Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico por imagen , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Humanos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Factores de Riesgo
17.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 15(6): 1124-1135, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680220

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Carotid and femoral plaque burden is a recognized biomarker of cardiovascular disease risk. A new electronic-sweep 3-dimensional (3D)-matrix transducer method can improve the functionality and image quality of vascular ultrasound atherosclerosis imaging. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to validate this method for plaque volume measurement in early and intermediate-advanced plaques in the carotid and femoral territories. METHODS: Plaque volumes were measured ex vivo in pig carotid and femoral artery specimens by 3-dimensional vascular ultrasound (3DVUS) using a 3D-matrix (electronic-sweep) transducer and its associated 3D plaque quantification software, and were compared with gold-standard histology. To test the clinical feasibility and accuracy of the 3D-matrix transducer, an experiment was conducted in intermediate-high risk individuals with carotid and femoral atherosclerosis. The results were compared with those obtained using the previously validated mechanical-sweep 3D transducer and established 2-dimensional (2D)-based plaque quantification software. RESULTS: In the ex vivo study, the authors assessed 19 atherosclerotic plaques (plaque volume, 0.76 µL-56.30 µL), finding strong agreement between measurements with the 3D-matrix transducer and the histological gold-standard (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]: 0.992; [95% CI: 0.978-0.997]). In the clinical analysis of 20 patients (mean age 74.6 ± 4.45 years; 40% men), the authors found 64 (36 carotid and 28 femoral) of 80 scanned territories with atherosclerosis (measured atherosclerotic volume, 10 µL-859 µL). There was strong agreement between measurements made from electronic-sweep and mechanical-sweep 3DVUS transducers (ICC: 0.997 [95% CI: 0.995-0.998]). Agreement was also high between plaque volumes estimated by the 2D and 3D plaque quantification software applications (ICC: 0.999 [95% CI: 0.998-0.999]). Analysis time was significantly shorter with the 3D plaque quantification software than with the 2D multislice approach with a mean time reduction of 46%. CONCLUSIONS: 3DVUS using new matrix transducer technology, together with improved 3D plaque quantification software, simplifies the accurate volume measurement of early (small) and intermediate-advanced plaques located in carotid and femoral arteries.


Asunto(s)
Aterosclerosis , Enfermedades de las Arterias Carótidas , Placa Aterosclerótica , Animales , Aterosclerosis/diagnóstico por imagen , Arterias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedades de las Arterias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional/métodos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Porcinos , Ultrasonografía/métodos
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