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1.
Wiad Lek ; 77(2): 348-352, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593000

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Aim: The objective of this review paper is to comprehensively analyze and summarize the current understanding and clinical applications of Botulinum toxin in the field of urology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: The materials and methods for this review paper involved an extensive literature search on the use of Botulinum toxin in urology. Multiple online databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were utilized to gather peer-reviewed articles, clinical trials, and relevant books published within the last decades. A few articles used in the review come from before 21 century because the information is essential to fully describe the topic. Studies were selected based on their relevance to the topic, with a focus on those that reported on the clinical applications of Botulinum toxin in urology - we use information from other review papers, clinical trials and research papers. To expand the database, we have looked through the literature not only in English but also other languages. Thanks to this method we were able to compare the results from different countries and scientific groups all over the world. Data extracted from these sources were then analyzed and synthesized to provide a comprehensive overview of the subject matter. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: In conclusion, Botulinum toxin has shown significant promise and utility in the field of urology. Its ability to effectively relax muscles has led to its application in a variety of urological conditions, including NDO, OAB, BPS/IC, DSD, BPH, CPP, and PE. The effectiveness and safety of Botulinum toxin have been demonstrated in numerous studies, providing a robust evidence base for its clinical use. However, further research is needed to optimize the administration methods, dosage, and treatment protocols. Additionally, more randomized controlled trials are required to establish the long-term safety and efficacy of Botulinum toxin, especially for conditions for which the current data is limited. Overall, Botulinum toxin represents a valuable tool in the urologist's armamentarium and is likely to continue to be an area of active research and development in the future.


Asunto(s)
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Fármacos Neuromusculares , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapéutico , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Fármacos Neuromusculares/uso terapéutico
2.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1345866, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596511

RESUMEN

Background: Socioeconomic status inequality is an important variable in the emergence of urological diseases in humans. This study set out to investigate the association between the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) and the poverty income ratio (PIR) that served as a more influential indicator of socioeconomic status compared to education and occupation. Method: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted from 2007 to 2020 were used in this cross-sectional study. The association between the PIR and OAB was examined using weighted multivariate logistic regression and weighted restricted cubic splines (RCS). Additionally, interaction analysis was used for investigation to the connections between PIR and OAB in various covariate groups in order to confirm the stability of the results. Results: We observed a noteworthy inverse association between PIR and OAB after adjusting for potential confounding variables (OR = 0.87, 95% CI, 0.84-0.90, p < 0.0001). PIR was transformed into categorical variables, and the association held steady after that (1.0 < PIR <4.0 vs. PIR ≤ 1.0, OR = 0.70, 95% CI =0.63-0.77, p < 0.0001; PIR ≥ 4.0 vs. PIR ≤ 1.0, OR = 0.56, 95% CI =0.48-0.65, p < 0.0001). Additionally, RCS analysis showed that PIR and OAB had a negative nonlinear response relationship. Subgroup analyses showed that the inverse association between PIR and prevalence of OAB was stronger in obese than in nonobese individuals (P for interaction < 0.05). Conclusion: In our study, we observed a significant negative association between the PIR and the prevalence of OAB. In the future, PIR could be used as a reference standard to develop strategies to prevent and treat OAB.


Asunto(s)
Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Adulto , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/epidemiología , Encuestas Nutricionales , Clase Social , Renta
3.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 113, 2024 Mar 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431689

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of mirabegron and vibegron in female OAB patients. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, prospective, randomized crossover study of female patients with OAB. The patients were assigned to Group MV (mirabegron for 8 weeks, followed by vibegron for 8 weeks) or group VM (vibegron for 8 weeks, followed by mirabegron for 8 weeks). The primary endpoint was the change in OABSS from baseline, and the secondary endpoint was the change in FVC parameters. After completion of the study, each patient was asked which drug was preferable. RESULTS: A total of 83 patients were enrolled (40 and 43 in groups MV and VM, respectively). At 8th and 16th week, 33 and 29 in Group MV and 34 and 27 in Group VM continued to receive the treatment. The change in PVR was not significantly different between treatment with mirabegron and vibegron. The changes in OABSS, nighttime frequency, mean, and maximum voided volume were similar between mirabegron and vibegron. The mean change in the daytime frequency was greater in the vibegron than in the mirabegron. Of the 56 patients, 15 (27%) and 30 (53%) preferred mirabegron and vibegron, respectively. The remaining 11 patients (20%) showed no preference. The change in the urgency incontinence score during vibegron was better in patients who preferred vibegron to mirabegron. CONCLUSION: The efficacies of mirabegron and vibegron in female patients was similar. The patients' preference for vibegron could depend on the efficacy of vibegron for urgency incontinence.


Asunto(s)
Pirimidinonas , Pirrolidinas , Tiazoles , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Incontinencia Urinaria , Agentes Urológicos , Humanos , Femenino , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/complicaciones , Estudios Cruzados , Estudios Prospectivos , Acetanilidas/uso terapéutico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Método Doble Ciego , Agentes Urológicos/uso terapéutico , Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 3/uso terapéutico
4.
Brain Nerve ; 76(3): 261-271, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514107

RESUMEN

Here we reviewed bladder dysfunction in neurological diseases. Diseases of the brain cause overactive bladder (OAB); peripheral neuropathy including lumbar spondylosis results in postvoid residual; and spinal cord diseases cause a combination of OAB and postvoid residual. Multiple system atrophy mimics bladder dysfunction related to spinal cord disease. Conversely, in cases of bladder dysfunction of unknown etiologies, the underlying disease can be identified by the bladder dysfunction pattern. Aging also causes nocturnal polyuria. The collaboration between neurologists and urologists is highly recommended to maximize the quality of life of neurological patients.


Asunto(s)
Neurología , Vejiga Urinaria Neurogénica , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Vejiga Urinaria Neurogénica/diagnóstico , Vejiga Urinaria Neurogénica/etiología , Vejiga Urinaria , Calidad de Vida , Envejecimiento , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/diagnóstico , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/complicaciones
5.
Adv Ther ; 41(4): 1652-1671, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430402

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess overactive bladder (OAB) treatment patterns and factors associated with effectiveness and persistence. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal, observational registry study of adults starting OAB therapy with mirabegron or antimuscarinics was undertaken. Primary endpoints were time from treatment initiation to discontinuation/switching; proportion who discontinued/switched; and reasons for discontinuation/switching. Secondary endpoints included OAB Symptom Score (OABSS), OAB Questionnaire: Short Form, and OAB Bladder Assessment Tool scores; factors associated with effectiveness and persistence; and safety. RESULTS: In total, 556 patients initiating mirabegron and 250 initiating antimuscarinics were enrolled. There was no treatment switch, change, or discontinuation in 68.5% of the mirabegron initiator group and median time to treatment change was not reached. Mean initial treatment duration was 130.8 days. In multivariable models, baseline OABSS was the only variable significantly associated with change from baseline in OABSS, and patients with mild and moderate OAB had significantly better persistence with mirabegron than those with severe OAB. Urinary tract infection was the most common adverse event with mirabegron. There was no treatment switch, change, or discontinuation in 60.4% of the antimuscarinics initiator group and median time to treatment change was not reached. Solifenacin was the most frequent initial treatment (66.0%). Mean treatment duration was 122.2 days. In multivariable models, baseline OABSS was the only variable significantly associated with change from baseline in OABSS, while patients with OAB medication in the 12 months before enrollment had significantly better persistence with antimuscarinics than those with no previous OAB medication. Dry mouth was the most common adverse event with antimuscarinics. CONCLUSIONS: Mirabegron and solifenacin were commonly prescribed as first-line OAB medications. There was no treatment switch, change, or discontinuation in more than 60% of the mirabegron initiator and antimuscarinics initiator groups. Mean initial treatment duration was 130.8 days and 122.2 days for mirabegron and antimuscarinics, respectively. Graphical Abstract available for this article. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03572231.


Asunto(s)
Tiazoles , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Agentes Urológicos , Adulto , Humanos , Acetanilidas/efectos adversos , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/efectos adversos , Estudios Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , República de Corea , Succinato de Solifenacina/uso terapéutico , Taiwán , Resultado del Tratamiento , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Agentes Urológicos/efectos adversos
6.
Urogynecology (Phila) ; 30(3): 188-196, 2024 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484231

RESUMEN

IMPORTANCE: Overactive bladder (OAB) affects millions of women in the United States, with negative effects in multiple domains that have an impact on quality of life. Third-line therapies for OAB are as effective or superior to lifestyle/behavior modification and medical management, yet few women access these treatments and often spend more than 36 months to reach these treatments after starting medication. Factors associated with time to reach third-line therapy are not well studied, and little is known about how patients progress through care pathways for OAB. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine factors associated with the time spent between second- and third-line therapy for OAB at an academic urogynecology and reconstructive pelvic surgery practice. We sought to identify demographic, treatment, clinical factors, and themes in barriers to receiving treatment for OAB. STUDY DESIGN: This was a mixed methods study consisting of a retrospective cohort study followed by qualitative key informant interviews. RESULTS: Eighty-five total participants were included in the analysis, and 42 (49.5%) spent more than 36 months between initiation of medical management and initial third-line therapy for OAB. No significant (P > 0.05) demographic, clinical, or treatment differences were found between groups. Facilitators and obstacles to receiving third-line therapy were identified among key informants, and a treatment decision framework was developed. CONCLUSIONS: Women often spend more than 36 months to pursue third-line therapy for OAB. Existing objective variables are poor predictors of pursuit of third-line treatment, and leveraging known facilitators and obstacles can be used to develop improved care pathways for OAB.


Asunto(s)
Calidad de Vida , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Femenino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Estilo de Vida , Cognición
7.
Urogynecology (Phila) ; 30(3): 214-222, 2024 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484234

RESUMEN

IMPORTANCE: There is strong evidence for long-term cognitive effects with anticholinergic use. Differences in insurance coverage of anticholinergics and beta-3 agonists hinder individualization of overactive bladder (OAB) treatment. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to assess individual and family health insurance plan coverage for select OAB medications and to compare coverage of preferred medications to those with a greater risk of cognitive dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study analyzed formularies for the top 7 U.S. medical insurers. Coverage tiers were assessed for the following 7 OAB medications: (1) oxybutynin instant-release 5 mg, (2) oxybutynin extended-release 5 mg, (3) solifenacin 5 mg, (4) trospium instant-release 20 mg, (5) trospium extended-release 60 mg, (6) mirabegron 25 mg, and (7) vibegron 75 mg. Coverage was compared between nonpreferred (oxybutynin, solifenacin) and preferred medications (trospium, mirabegron, vibegron). Coverage scores, representing a weighted average based on coverage tier frequency relative to the number of plans investigated for each state or insurer, were generated with a lower coverage score indicating better coverage (range, 0.2-1.0). RESULTS: A total of 2,780 insurance plans from 41 states representing a 47% market share for the individual and family marketplace were evaluated. Oxybutynin IR had the best coverage score across insurers (0.2) while vibegron had the worst (0.92). Preferred medications were more often designated to higher tiers with worse coverage compared with nonpreferred medications (P < 0.001). Less concordance in coverage between insurers was noted for anticholinergics with greater bladder specificity and for extended-release formulations. CONCLUSIONS: Despite risks with anticholinergics, beta-3 agonists were more expensive across all insurers highlighting the need for expanded coverage of preferred medications to avoid cognitive dysfunction when undergoing treatment for OAB.


Asunto(s)
Acetanilidas , Ácidos Mandélicos , Tiazoles , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Succinato de Solifenacina/uso terapéutico , Estudios Transversales , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/uso terapéutico , Antagonistas Colinérgicos/uso terapéutico
8.
Urogynecology (Phila) ; 30(3): 264-271, 2024 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484241

RESUMEN

IMPORTANCE: Nocturia is a significant symptom in overactive bladder with little data regarding the impact of overactive bladder treatments on nocturia. OBJECTIVES: Compare the effect of anticholinergic (AC) medication, onabotulinum toxin A (BTX), and sacral neuromodulation (SNM) on nocturia. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the ABC and ROSETTA trials using data from the National Institutes of Health Data and Specimen Hub database. Patients reporting mean ≥2 voids/night on 3-day diary were included and divided into cohorts by treatment: the ABC trial: (1) AC and (2) BTX 100 units, and the ROSETTA trial: (3) BTX 200 units and (4) SNM. Primary outcome was change in mean voids/night on 3-day diary from baseline to 6 months assessed by mixed-effects models for repeated-measures data with interaction between treatment cohort and time included in model. RESULTS: A total of 197 patients were included: 43 (22%) AC, 37 (19%) BTX 100 U, 63 (32%) BTX 200 U, and 54 (27%) SNM. There were no significant differences in baseline voids/night, demographics, or urodynamic values except for younger age in AC and BTX 100 U cohorts (P = 0.04). At 6 months, all cohorts demonstrated a mean 41% decrease in mean voids/night (2.7 ± 0.4 at baseline to 1.6 ± 0.5 at 6 months; P < 0.001), with no significant difference in change in mean voids/night between treatment cohorts (decrease of 44% in AC, 46% in 100 U BTX, 32% 200 in U BTX, and 33% in SNM; P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: For women with nocturia ≥2/night, treatment with AC, BTX 100 or 200 units, or SNM led to a significant decrease in voids/night at 6 months.


Asunto(s)
Nocturia , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Femenino , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Nocturia/tratamiento farmacológico , Plexo Lumbosacro , Sacro
9.
Urogynecology (Phila) ; 30(3): 330-336, 2024 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484250

RESUMEN

IMPORTANCE: Implementation of an overactive bladder (OAB) care pathway may affect treatment patterns and progression. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effect of OAB care pathway implementation on treatment patterns for women with OAB. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study evaluated women with OAB, before (January 1, 2015-December 31, 2017) and after (January 1, 2019-December 31, 2021) care pathway initiation. Care pathway use included standardized counseling, early introduction of therapy, and close follow-up. Primary outcomes included OAB medication use, follow-up visits, third-line therapy, and time to third-line therapy. RESULTS: A total of 1,349 women were included: 1,194 before care pathway implementation and 155 after. Patients after implementation were more likely to have diabetes mellitus (P = 0.04) and less likely to smoke (P = 0.01). Those managed via a care pathway were more likely to use any medication or third-line therapy within 1 year after consultation (61.3% vs 25.0%; P < 0.001). This included higher proportions receiving a medication (50.3% [95% confidence interval (CI), 41.8%-57.6%] vs 23.3% [95% CI, 20.9%-25.7%]; P < 0.001) and progressing to third-line therapy (22.6% [95% CI, 15.7%-28.9%] vs 2.9% [95% CI, 2%-3.9%]; P < 0.001). Among those who underwent third-line treatment, care pathway use was associated with shorter time to third-line therapy (median, 10 days [interquartile range, 1-56 days] vs 29 days [interquartile range, 7-191 days]; P = 0.013). Those managed via a care pathway were less likely to have additional clinic visits for OAB within 1 year after initial consultation (12.3% vs 23.9%; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Use of an OAB care pathway was associated with higher rates of oral medication and third-line therapy yet decreased follow-up office visits. Use of an OAB care pathway may promote consistent and efficient care for women with OAB.


Asunto(s)
Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Femenino , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Vías Clínicas , Cognición
10.
Urogynecology (Phila) ; 30(3): 352-362, 2024 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484253

RESUMEN

IMPORTANCE: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common and treatable medical condition among women, but only approximately one third of women seek care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with care-seeking behavior in women with UI. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study using patient-reported survey data collected by the National Association for Continence from November 2018 to January 2019. This survey included 60 questions and was conducted using SurveyMonkey. Descriptive statistics were used for baseline characteristics, the χ2 test was used for categorical variables, and multivariate logistic regression was used to determine predictors of care-seeking behavior. RESULTS: Four hundred eighty-five women completed the survey, 30.7% were not care seeking, and 69.3% were care seeking for UI. Most women were 55 years or older and had UI for more than 4 years. Care-seeking women had more overactive bladder symptoms. Women who sought care were more likely to report feelings of anger, depression, hopelessness, isolation, and report greater social effects from UI than non-care-seeking women. Less than 10% of women who sought care were asked about their UI by a medical professional. In the multivariate logistic regression expenditure of $5 or more on monthly incontinence maintenance, daily UI and older age were associated with seeking care. CONCLUSIONS: Most women in our study population sought care for UI. Factors associated with seeking care were expenditure greater than $5 per month on incontinence, daily UI, and age. This information demonstrates the need for effective implementation of screening interventions to increase treatment access.


Asunto(s)
Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Incontinencia Urinaria , Humanos , Femenino , Estudios Transversales , Incontinencia Urinaria/epidemiología , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
Urogynecology (Phila) ; 30(3): 369-373, 2024 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484255

RESUMEN

IMPORTANCE: The price range, insurance coverage, and side effect burden of overactive bladder medications is broad and varied. An internal quality improvement project was undertaken to improve patient ability to access and ultimately adhere to preferred medication therapy for treatment of overactive bladder. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to increase the percentage of patients per month at an academic Urogynecology practice who receive their preferred overactive bladder medication from baseline 39.5% to 45%. STUDY DESIGN: Data were extracted via Epic report. Manual chart review and calls to patients and/or pharmacy were completed to obtain status of medication access and reasons why medications were not taken. A targeted intervention was implemented with creation of a written document to help guide patients with options to decrease prescription costs. After this document was embedded into Epic after visit summary documentation, a repeat analysis was performed. RESULTS: The most common barrier to medication access was cost; specifically, the medication was not covered and a prior authorization was not initiated. Before the intervention, more than 60% of patients did not persist with their initially prescribed overactive bladder medication at a 6-month follow-up interval from office visit. Following implementation of a cost-navigation guide, persistence increased to 45.5% at a 3-month follow-up interval. CONCLUSIONS: A targeted intervention on cost navigation of prescriptions can have a positive effect on patient access and persistence of using overactive bladder medications. Our practice continues to use our prescription navigation handout.


Asunto(s)
Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico
12.
Urogynecology (Phila) ; 30(3): 337-344, 2024 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484251

RESUMEN

IMPORTANCE: OnabotulinumtoxinA (BTX-A) is an effective treatment for overactive bladder (OAB), but few studies have been done to evaluate injection techniques. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to evaluate procedural discomfort between 2 commonly used injection techniques for BTX-A. STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial of women undergoing injection of 100 U BTX-A for idiopathic OAB. Patients were randomized to 5 mL/5 injection or 10 mL/10 injection groups. Bladder pain was assessed by a validated Numeric Pain Rating Scale. Overactive bladder symptoms were assessed with a standardized questionnaire (Overactive Bladder Questionnaire Short Form). Patient satisfaction, treatment efficacy, and adverse events were assessed at 30 days after procedure. RESULTS: One hundred eight patients were randomized to 52 in the 5 mL/5 injection arm and 56 in the 10 mL/10 injection arm. Mean procedural pain scores were 3.2 (±2.3) in the 5 mL/5 injection group versus 3.6 (±2.1) in the 10 mL/10 injection group (P = 0.21). No difference was found when categorizing pain scores into ordinal outcomes of low (P = 0.55), medium (P = 0.70), and high (P = 1.0) or a binary outcome of low (P = 0.55) versus medium + high (P = 0.55). Multivariate analyses did not effect statistical significance between the 2 groups for the ordinal outcome (odds ratio = 1.86; 95% confidence interval = 0.77 = 4.52; P = 0.17) or the binary outcome (odds ratio = 1.81; 95% confidence interval = 0.68-4.77; P = 0.28). No difference was observed between overall patient satisfaction, global impression of improvement, Overactive Bladder Questionnaire Short Form scores, or adverse outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Procedural discomfort related to BTX-A injection for idiopathic OAB was not different between 2 injection protocols. Overall satisfaction was high for both groups, and there was no difference in symptom scores or adverse events.


Asunto(s)
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Femenino , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Satisfacción del Paciente , Dolor Pélvico/inducido químicamente
13.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 136, 2024 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478090

RESUMEN

AIMS: The aims of the present study were to assess the effectiveness of transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) on overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms and on urodynamic parameters in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and to seek predictive factors of satisfaction. METHODS: All PwMS who performed 12-24 weeks of TTNS and who underwent urodynamic assessment before and after treatment between June 2020 and October 2022 were included retrospectively. Data collected were bladder diaries, symptoms assessed with Urinary Symptoms Profile (USP), and urodynamic parameters (bladder sensations, detrusor overactivity, and voiding phase). Patients with improvement rated as very good or good on Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) score were considered as responders. RESULTS: Eighty-two patients were included (mean age: 47.1 ± 11.5 years, 67 (82%) were women). The mean USP OAB sub-score decreased from 7.7 ± 3.5 to 6.0 ± 3.4 (p < 0.0001). On bladder diaries, voided volumes, void frequency, and the proportion of micturition done at urgent need to void significantly improved with TTNS (p < 0.05). No significant change was found in urodynamic parameters. According to the PGI-I, 34 (42.5%) patients were good responders. The only parameter associated with higher satisfaction was the percentage of micturition done at urgent need to void before the initiation of the treatment (39.8% ± 30.5 in the responder group vs 25.1% ± 25.6 in the low/no responder group; p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: TTNS improves OAB symptoms in PwMS, without significant changes on urodynamics. A high rate of strong or urgent need to void in daily life was associated with higher satisfaction.


Asunto(s)
Esclerosis Múltiple , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/complicaciones , Urodinámica/fisiología , Esclerosis Múltiple/complicaciones , Esclerosis Múltiple/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Nervio Tibial , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
Fam Med Community Health ; 12(1)2024 Mar 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485284

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) pose substantial physical and psychological burdens for a growing number of women. Given the ubiquity of these conditions and known patient reluctance to seek care, primary care providers (PCPs) have a unique opportunity to increase treatment and provide appropriate referrals for these patients. METHODS: An online survey was administered to PCPs to assess provider practices, knowledge, comfort managing and ease of referral for PFDs. Logistic regression was used to assess the association between demographic/practice characteristics of PCPs and two primary outcomes of interest: discomfort with management and difficulty with referral of PFDs. RESULTS: Of the 153 respondents to the survey, more felt comfortable managing stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB), compared with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and faecal incontinence (FI) and were less likely to refer patients with urinary symptoms. Few providers elicited symptoms for POP and FI as compared with SUI and OAB. Provider variables that were significantly associated with discomfort with management varied by PFD, but tended to correlate with less exposure to PFDs (eg, those with fewer years of practice, and internal medicine and family physicians as compared with geriatricians); whereas the factors that were significantly associated with difficulty in referral, again varied by PFD, but were related to practice characteristics (eg, specialist network, type of practice, practice setting and quantity of patients). CONCLUSION: These findings highlight the need to increase PCPs awareness of PFDs and develop effective standardised screening protocols, as well as collaboration with pelvic floor specialists to improve screening, treatment and referral for patients with PFDs.


Asunto(s)
Incontinencia Fecal , Trastornos del Suelo Pélvico , Neumonía por Pneumocystis , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Incontinencia Urinaria de Esfuerzo , Humanos , Femenino , Trastornos del Suelo Pélvico/diagnóstico , Trastornos del Suelo Pélvico/terapia , Trastornos del Suelo Pélvico/complicaciones , Estudios Transversales , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/diagnóstico , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/terapia , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/complicaciones , Incontinencia Urinaria de Esfuerzo/diagnóstico , Incontinencia Urinaria de Esfuerzo/terapia , Incontinencia Urinaria de Esfuerzo/complicaciones , Neumonía por Pneumocystis/complicaciones , Incontinencia Fecal/diagnóstico , Incontinencia Fecal/terapia , Incontinencia Fecal/complicaciones , Atención Primaria de Salud
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7499, 2024 03 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553529

RESUMEN

Persistence is important for the success in the treatment of women with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). We aimed to identify the predictors of non-persistence in women with OAB after first-line medical treatment. All consecutive women with OAB (n = 608), who underwent urodynamic studies and received first-line medical treatment (5 mg of solifenacin or 25 mg of mirabegron per day) in a referral medical center, were reviewed. Mirabegron (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.711) was associated with a higher persistence rate, compared to solifenacin. Mirabegron treatment (HR = 0.269) was less likely to switch medication; however, a high Urogenital Distress Inventory score (HR = 1.082) was more likely to switch medication. Furthermore, old age (HR = 1.050, especially for ≥ 75 years) and high voided volume (dL, HR = 1.420, especially for voided volume ≥ 250 ml) were associated with added medication at follow-up. Additionally, women with low parity (HR = 0.653, especially for parity ≤ 3) and a low Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) score (HR = 0.828, especially for IIQ-7 score ≤ 7) were associated with improvement without medication. In conclusion, mirabegron can be considered as the first frontline treatment to increase the persistence rate and decrease the rate of switched medications, compared to solifenacin. In addition, combination therapy or higher-dose monotherapy could be used as the first front-line treatment for women ≥ 75 years of age or with ≥ 250 ml of voided volume.


Asunto(s)
Tiazoles , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Incontinencia Urinaria , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano , Succinato de Solifenacina/uso terapéutico , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Acetanilidas/uso terapéutico , Incontinencia Urinaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Incontinencia Urinaria/complicaciones , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/uso terapéutico
16.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(3)2024 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541235

RESUMEN

Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) offers a therapeutic approach to urological patients suffering from idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome, with or without incontinence and non-obstructive urinary retention (NOR), who are not responding to or are not compliant with conservative or medical therapies. The exact mechanism of action of SNM is not fully understood but modulation of the spinal cord reflexes and brain networks by peripheral afferents is regarded as the main pathway. Over the years, surgical techniques improved, leading to the development of the modern two-stage implantation technique. The quadripolar lead is positioned percutaneously under fluoroscopy guidance through the third sacral foramen following the trajectory of S3. The procedure can be performed under local or general anesthesia with the patient in prone position. Current applications of sacral neuromodulation in urology are increasing thanks to the recent improvements of the devices that make this a valuable option not only in conditions such as overactive bladder and non-obstructing urinary retention but also neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Estimulación Eléctrica , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Retención Urinaria , Urología , Humanos , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/terapia , Retención Urinaria/terapia , Vejiga Urinaria , Terapia por Estimulación Eléctrica/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(3): e241784, 2024 Mar 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477920

RESUMEN

Importance: Although the cognitive components of behavioral therapy for overactive bladder (OAB) are widely recognized, there is a lack of studies evaluating the effectiveness of multicomponent interventions that include cognitive components as a treatment for OAB. Objective: To examine the efficacy of a multicomponent intervention in improving health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for women with moderate to severe OAB. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter, open-label, randomized clinical trial was conducted in Japan among women aged 20 to 80 years who had moderate to severe OAB. Participants were recruited from 4 institutions between January 16, 2020, and December 31, 2022, through self-referral via advertisement or referral from the participating institutions. Interventions: Participants were randomized 1:1 by minimization algorithm using an internet-based central cloud system to four 30-minute weekly sessions of a multicomponent intervention or waiting list. Both groups continued to receive baseline treatment throughout the study period. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the least-squares mean changes from baseline through week 13 in HRQOL total scores of the OAB questionnaire between 2 groups. Secondary outcomes included OAB symptom score and frequency volume chart. Results: A total of 79 women were randomized to either the intervention group (39 participants; mean [SD] age, 63.5 [14.6] years) or the waiting list control group (40 participants; mean [SD] age, 63.5 [12.9] years). One participant from each group dropped out from the allocated intervention, while 5 participants in the intervention group and 2 in the control group dropped out from the primary outcome assessment at week 13. Thirty-six participants (92.3%) in the intervention group and 35 (87.5%) in the control group had moderate OAB. The change in HRQOL total score from baseline to week 13 was 23.9 points (95% CI, 18.4-29.5 points) in the intervention group and 11.3 points (95% CI, 6.2-16.4 points) in the waiting list group, a significant difference of 12.6 points (95% CI, 6.6-18.6 points; P < .001). Similar superiority of the intervention was confirmed for frequency of micturition and urgency but not for OAB symptom score. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings demonstrate that a multicomponent intervention improves HRQOL for women with moderate to severe OAB and suggest that the cognitive component may be an effective treatment option for women with OAB. Trial Registration: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry Identifier: UMIN000038513.


Asunto(s)
Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida , Grupos Control , Algoritmos , Terapia Conductista
18.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 94, 2024 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468238

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Overactive bladder (OAB) and dyskinesia are frequent complications in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the correlation between OAB and dyskinesia has been insufficiently explored. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between dyskinesia, OAB, and clinical characteristics among individuals with PD. METHODS: 1338 PD patients were included in the present study. Demographic features were compared between patients with or without dyskinesia and OAB symptoms. Logistic regression was conducted on dyskinesia to screen clinically relevant factors. Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) was further used to stratify the association between the severity of OAB and the occurrence of dyskinesia. RESULTS: This study indicates that both dyskinesia and OAB are significantly related to disease severity and cognitive status. PD patients with dyskinesia and OAB having higher UPDRS scores (p < 0.001), H-Y scores (p < 0.001), NMSQ (p < 0.001) and MoCA scores (p < 0.001), and lower MMSE scores (p < 0.001) are identified. The multivariate logistic regression confirms that disease duration (p = 0.041), LEDD (p < 0.001), UPDRSII (p < 0.001), MoCA (p = 0.024), urgency (p < 0.001), frequency (p < 0.001), and nocturia (p = 0.002) are independent risk factors for dyskinesia. Trend analysis indicates that the risk of dyskinesia significantly increases when patients exhibit moderate to severe OAB symptoms (OABSS > 5) (p < 0.001). No significant interactions were found between OABSS and age, gender, disease duration, LEDD, and NMSQ scores in different subgroups, indicating that dyskinesia is more pronounced in patients with OABSS > 5. DISCUSSION: This study provides compelling evidence supporting the strong correlation between OAB and dyskinesia in PD patients, emphasizing the presence of shared pathogenic mechanisms between these two conditions. Our findings underscore the importance of considering both OAB and dyskinesia in the clinical management of PD, investigating the intricate connections between OAB and dyskinesia could unveil valuable insights into the complex pathophysiology of PD and potentially identify novel therapeutic targets for more effective PD treatment strategies.


Asunto(s)
Discinesias , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Humanos , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/epidemiología , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/diagnóstico , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad de Parkinson/complicaciones , Enfermedad de Parkinson/epidemiología , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios de Seguimiento
19.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 139, 2024 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478079

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The effect of overactive bladder (OAB) on sexual health has been evaluated extensively for women but much less for men. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between OAB and men's sexual activity and the effect of OAB on erectile dysfunction (ED) and premature ejaculation (PE) in a large representative cohort of men at the population level. METHODS: This study was based on computer-assisted web interviews that used validated questionnaires. The most recent census and the sample size estimation calculations were employed to produce a population-representative pool. RESULTS: The study included 3001 men, representative of the population in terms of age and place of residence. The frequency of sexual intercourse was higher for respondents without OAB symptoms compared with persons who had OAB (p = 0.001), but there was no association between OAB symptoms and number of sexual partners (p = 0.754). Regression models did not confirm the effect of OAB on sexual activity (odds ratio 0.993, CI 0.974-1.013, p = 0.511). Both ED and PE were more prevalent in respondents with OAB symptoms compared with persons who lacked those symptoms (p < 0.001). Importantly, the effect of OAB on ED or PE was independent of age, comorbidities, and lifestyle habits (regression coefficients of 0.13 and 0.158 for ED and PE, respectively). CONCLUSION: Overactive bladder did not significantly affect men's sexual activity, but it significantly correlated with ED and PE. Our results suggest a need in daily clinical practice to screen for OAB symptoms for persons who report ED or PE.


Asunto(s)
Disfunción Eréctil , Eyaculación Prematura , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Eyaculación Prematura/epidemiología , Disfunción Eréctil/epidemiología , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/complicaciones , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/epidemiología , Conducta Sexual , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Eyaculación
20.
Toxins (Basel) ; 16(3)2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38535789

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) is common in patients with neurological lesions in the central nervous system (CNS). Medical treatment usually cannot adequately relieve NLUTD. This study reported the real-life treatment outcome of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) for overactive bladders (OAB) and voiding dysfunction in patients with CNS lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the first-time treatment outcome of 74 patients who received detrusor 100 U BoNT-A for OAB and 45 patients who received a urethral sphincter 100 U BoNT-A injection for voiding dysfunction. The treatment outcome, therapeutic duration, and adverse events (AE) after BoNT-A were compared among different CNS lesions and among patients with different urodynamic characteristics. RESULTS: The study included 74 patients receiving detrusor injections for OAB (36 with cerebrovascular accidents, 13 with Parkinson's disease, and 25 with dementia) and 45 patients receiving a urethral sphincter injection for voiding dysfunction (26 with cerebrovascular accidents, 7 with Parkinson's disease, and 12 with dementia). After detrusor BoNT-A treatment, urinary continence was achieved in 28.4% of patients with neurogenic OAB, postoperative difficult urination in 59.5%, acute urinary retention (AUR) in 9.5%, and urinary tract infection (UTI) in 14.9%, with a therapeutic duration of 6.43 months. There were no differences among subgroups or between patients with detrusor overactivity (DO) and DO with detrusor underactivity (DU) in terms of treatment outcomes and AEs. The improvement rate of urethral sphincter BoNT-A injections was 75.6% without any difference among subgroups. After treatment, 24.4% of the patients had exacerbated urinary incontinence, 33.3% had persistent difficult urination, and 15.6% had UTI. Patients with dementia had higher rates of difficult urination and UTI, higher postvoid residual volume, and a shorter therapeutic duration. Patients with DU and those without urethral sphincter dyssynergia had less favorable outcomes after their urethral sphincter BoNT-A injection. CONCLUSIONS: The therapeutic efficacy of detrusor BoNT-A injection for OAB due to CNS lesions is limited, with high rates of difficult urination, AUR, and UTI. Although urethral sphincter BoNT-A injection is effective in treating voiding dysfunction; however, exacerbated urinary incontinence and persistent difficult urination remain a problem, particularly in patients with dementia.


Asunto(s)
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Demencia , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Incontinencia Urinaria , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Sistema Nervioso Central
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