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2.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1047782

RESUMEN

Objetivo: desvelar a produção acerca da assistência de enfermagem prestada às crianças/adolescentes vítimas de violência. Método: trata-se de uma revisão sistematizada realizada com consulta nas bases de dados: LILACS, Scielo e BDENF. Foram selecionados 19 artigos para compor este trabalho. A análise de dados deu-se por meio da proposta de Mendes, Silveira e Galvão. Resultados: os dados foram discutidos através dos tópicos: despreparo dos profissionais frente aos casos de violência infantil; sentimentos dos profissionais envolvidos no cuidado à criança/adolescente vítima de violência; notificação, protocolos e rotinas na assistência à criança/ adolescente vítima de violência; estratégias de assistência à criança/adolescente vítima de violência. Conclusão: os profissionais de enfermagem não se sentem preparados para atuarem frente aos casos de violência infantil. Identificou-se a necessidade de protocolos assistenciais que respaldem a assistência profissional. Ademais, é importante o fortalecimento da rede de atenção intersetorial que garanta a assistência adequada às vítimas e suas famílias


Objective: to explore the literature regarding the nursing care provided to children/adolescents victims of violence. Method: it consists of a systematic review performed on databases such as, LILACS, Scielo and BDENF. 19 articles have been selected to compose this study. The data analysis was developed throughout Mendes, Silveira and Galvão's proposal. Results: the data discussion occurred throughout the following topics: professional unpreparedness to deal with cases of child violence; the feelings of professionals involved on the care provided to a child/adolescent victim of violence; notification, protocols and routines regarding the assistance of children/adolescents victims of violence. Conclusion: nursing professionals do not feel prepared to deal with situations of children violence. It was identified the need of protocols that support the nursing assistance. Furthermore, it is important to enhance the intersectoral attention network in order to ensure the appropriate care to the victims and their families


Objetivo: desvelar la producción acerca de la asistencia de enfermería a los niños/adolescentes víctimas de violencia. Método: se trata de una revisión sistematizada realizada con consulta en las bases de datos: LILACS, Scielo y BDENF. Se seleccionaron 19 artículos para componer este trabajo. El análisis de datos se dio através de la propuesta de Mendes, Silveira y Galvão. Resultados: los datos fueron discutidos através de los tópicos: despreparo de los profesionales frente a los casos de violencia infantil; sentimientos de los profesionales envolvidos en el cuidado al niño/ adolescente víctima de violencia; notificación, protocolos y rutinas en la asistencia al niño/adolescente víctima de violencia; estrategias de asistencia al niño/adolescente víctima de violencia. Conclusión: los profesionales de enfermería no se sienten preparados para actuar frente a los casos de violencia infantil. Se identificó la necesidad de protocolos asistenciales que soporten la asistencia profesional. Además, es importante el fortalecimiento de la red de atención intersectorial que promueva la asistencia adecuada a las víctimas y sus familia


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Adolescente , Maltrato a los Niños/psicología , Violencia Doméstica , Atención de Enfermería , Maltrato a los Niños/terapia , Salud del Niño , Salud del Adolescente , Exposición a la Violencia
3.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1047809

RESUMEN

Objetivo: caracterizar a produção científica acerca da violência contra mulher e suas repercussões sociais, em periódicos online no âmbito da saúde, publicados no período de 2011 a 2016. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada através das bases de dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System On-Line (MEDLINE), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Bases de Dados de Enfermagem (BDENF). Resultados: a análise dos 15 artigos evidenciou a caracterização da violência, a atuação e percepção dos profissionais de saúde acerca da violência e do aborto legal, destacando a relevância de estudar a violência e suas repercussões sociais, com o objetivo de proporcionar uma melhor assistência. Conclusão: conclui-se que fortalecer às políticas de erradicação da violência contra a mulher, oferecer uma rede de apoio multiprofissional eficiente e a intensificar as políticas de conscientização são imprescindíveis a nossa sociedade


Objective: to characterize the scientific production about violence against women and its social repercussions in online health journals published in the period from 2011 to 2016. Method: this is an integrative review of the literature, carried out through databases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System On-Line (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), Nursing Databases (BDENF). Results: the analysis of the 15 articles showed the characterization of violence, the performance and perception of health professionals about violence and legal abortion, highlighting the relevance of studying violence and its social repercussions, in order to provide better care. Conclusion: it is concluded that strengthening policies to eradicate violence against women, providing an efficient multiprofessional support network, and intensifying awareness-raising policies are essential to our society


Objetivo: caracterizar la producción científica acerca de la violencia contra la mujer y sus repercusiones sociales, en periódicos online en el ámbito de la salud, publicados en el período de 2011 a 2016. Método: se trata de una revisión integrativa de la literatura, realizada a través de las bases de datos (MEDLINE), Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS), Bases de Datos de Enfermería (BDENF). Resultados: el análisis de los 15 artículos evidenció la caracterización de la violencia, la actuación y percepción de los profesionales de salud acerca de la violencia y del aborto legal, destacando la relevancia de estudiar la violencia y sus repercusiones sociales, con el objetivo de proporcionar una mejor asistencia. Conclusión: se concluye que fortalecer a las políticas de erradicación de la violencia contra la mujer, ofrecer una red de apoyo multiprofesional eficiente intensificar las políticas de concientización son imprescindibles para nuestra sociedad


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Delitos Sexuales , Sistema Único de Salud , Violencia Doméstica , Violencia contra la Mujer , Salud Pública , Aborto Legal , Políticas Públicas de Salud , Promoción de la Salud
4.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(4): 572-578, 2019 Dec 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885230

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: In 2017, the third cyclical study on the scale of domestic violence against schoolchildren and youth in one of the rural communes of the Western Pomerania (Poland) was carried out. The study took into account five forms of violence: mental, physical, neglect, economic and sexual. Previous two editions of the study covered urban-rural (2016) and urban gminas (2015). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research concept was implemented by means of the representative research method, with the use of auditing questionnaire interview technique, based on a research tool developed on the basis of a number of previous qualitative research and quantitative tests to measure the social scale of domestic violence. RESULTS: Domestic violence against minors reaches 48.2% in the rural area under study, 51.8% in the urban-rural area and 65.5% in the urban area. In all types of areas the most frequent form of violence is psychological violence, it affects 42.4% of children in rural gminas, 51.3% in urban-rural and 60.5% in urban gminas. In reference to other, less frequent forms of violence, there is also a difference in scale due to the area type. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of individual forms of domestic violence varies depending on the type of area: Psychological violence: rural areas - 42.4%, urban-rural - 51.3%, urban areas - 60.5%; Neglect: rural areas - 21.1%, urban-rural - 13.5%, urban areas - 22.3%; Physical violence: rural areas - 17.1%, urban-rural - 20.7%, urban areas - 29.4%; Economic violence: rural areas - 12.6%, urban-rural - 19.2%, urban areas - 29.3%; Sexual violence: rural areas - 3.2%, urban-rural - 3.6%, urban areas - 8.1%.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica/estadística & datos numéricos , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Población Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos , Niño , Maltrato a los Niños/psicología , Maltrato a los Niños/estadística & datos numéricos , Preescolar , Violencia Doméstica/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Abuso Físico/psicología , Abuso Físico/estadística & datos numéricos , Polonia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 11(2): 51-59, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-183599

RESUMEN

In order to examine the literature on the relationship between child-to-parent violence and parent-to-child violence, a meta-analytic review was designed with 26 effect sizes assessing the relationship between child-to-parent and parent-to-child violence in 19 primary studies. Correlational effect sizes were computed and corrected for sampling error, and predictor and criterion unreliability. The results showed a significantly positive, medium magnitude (ρ = .36) mean true effect size for the relationship between child-to-parent violence and parent-to-child violence. Similar results were found for direct and vicarious victimization. The probability of developing child-to-parent violence for children victimized by parents increased 71% as compared to non-victimized children. The child-to parent violence type (physical or psychological), and the population (judicial or community) were analysed as moderators. The results revealed similar effects in both types of child-to-parent violence and in both populations: a significantly positive, medium in magnitude mean true effect size. The theoretical and practical implications for measuring child-to parent violence are discussed


Con el propósito de examinar la literatura sobre la relación entre la violencia de hijos a padres y la violencia de padres a hijos, se diseñó una revisión metaanalítica con 26 tamaños del efecto que evalúan la relación de la violencia entre hijos y padres y padres e hijos en 19 estudios principales. Se calcularon y corrigieron los tamaños del efecto correlacional para el error de muestreo y la predicción y la fiabilidad del criterio. Los resultados mostraron una magnitud media significativamente positiva (ρ = .36), que significa el tamaño verdadero del efecto para la relación entre la violencia de hijos a padres y la violencia de padres a hijos. Se encontraron resultados similares para la victimización directa e indirecta. La probabilidad de desarrollar violencia de hijos a padres para los niños victimizados por los padres aumentó 71% en comparación con los niños no victimizados. El tipo de violencia del niño hacia el padre (física o psicológica) y la población (judicial o comunitaria) se analizaron como moderadores. Los resultados revelaron efectos similares en ambos tipos de violencia entre padres e hijos en ambas poblaciones: un nivel de efecto medio significativamente positivo, de magnitud media. Se discuten las implicaciones teóricas y prácticas para medir la violencia de los hijos hacia sus padres


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Violencia Doméstica/psicología , Exposición a la Violencia/psicología , Agresión/psicología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Maltrato a los Niños/psicología , Víctimas de Crimen/psicología
6.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765550

RESUMEN

In recent years scientists actively study the influence of domestic violence on psychological status and occurrence of mental disorders in women and girls. Psychological, physical, sexual and other types of violence are distinguished, the consequences of which are studied in many countries under the auspices of WHO. In international studies the serious consequences of domestic violence for women are investigated. It was found out that women develop stressful disorders, depression and dependence on psychoactive substances. Negative influence of domestic violence at girls is expressed in formation of behavioral disorders, violations of sexual development, suicidal trends. At analysis of consequences of domestic violence by WHO was developed the concept of "cycle of violence" and cruelty inside family when in process of long influence of psychological traumatic factors at women and girls aggressive actions occurred so that victim and aggressor changed places. The objective of the study was to analyze the current state of the problem on the basis of the literature data, to study the data on the consequences of domestic violence and cruelty against women and girls, to identify gender-specific violations.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica , Trastornos Mentales , Adulto , Agresión , Niño , Violencia Doméstica/psicología , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/etiología
7.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(668): 1950-1951, 2019 Oct 23.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31643157
8.
Rev Prat ; 69(6): 676-678, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626433

RESUMEN

Today, people all over the world are on the move. Women and girls account for nearly half of the 244 million migrants. They are sometimes forced to leave their country of origin to flee physical, psychological or sexual violence and gender discrimination. Then the migratory route and the new life in the country of asylum expose them to situations of vulnerability and they are therefore at risk of physical, psychological or sexual abuse. The risk of HIV infection is high. Practitioners in host countries receive these women for various reasons in consultation. Knowing their background allows us to support them and offer them care adapted to their needs and requests. The first step is systematic screening by professionals. Secondly, multidisciplinary care is essential: social actors, psychologists, sexologists, infectiologists, gynaecologists, pain specialists, etc. This requires specific training for professionals confronted with these populations.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica , Refugiados , Delitos Sexuales , Migrantes , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH , Humanos , Refugiados/psicología , Migrantes/psicología , Violencia
9.
Int J Public Health ; 64(8): 1223-1232, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628522

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to review the prevalence, risk factors, and outcomes of domestic violence (DV) in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Systematic review utilizing PRISMA guidelines conducted on articles focusing on research related to the epidemiology of domestic violence in Saudi Arabia between 2009 and 2017 were identified through electronic databases (PubMed and Embase) and supplemented by cross-referencing and local journal searches. RESULTS: Eleven studies were conducted in six cities (Riyadh, Jeddah, Madina, Taif, Arar, and Al-Ahsa). Several screening questionnaires were utilized; four studies used the WHO multi-country study questionnaire and found that the lifetime prevalence of DV ranged between 39.3 and 44.5%. The most frequently reported risk factors for DV were the level of education of both the victim and the spouse and alcohol or drug addiction of the spouse. CONCLUSIONS: One in every three women in Saudi Arabia is a victim of domestic violence. Strategies to reduce risk factors, prevent DV, care for victims, and mitigate the effects of DV must be adopted by health care agencies in Saudi Arabia.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Esposos , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 68: 101859, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476524

RESUMEN

There is a paucity of literature on sexual violence against older adults, particularly in the U.K. This work aims to identify and describe the characteristics of alleged sexual assault and subsequent forensic medical examination (FME) for older clients presenting to a large sexual assault referral centre (SARC) in Manchester over a ten-year period. A retrospective analysis of forensic case notes was conducted for all clients (n = 39) who had attended for an FME between 2007 and 2017, and who were aged 70 or over at the time of the alleged assault. The average age of clients was 83 years, all were white, and 95% were female. Two populations were identified: a less frail population who had been assaulted at home by an alleged stranger with greater physical violence alleged, and a frailer population, with a greater incidence of dementia (77%), who were alleged to have been assaulted by a care-giver or fellow resident in a place of care. We note the need for flexibility in the site of FME, the underrepresentation of minority populations in SARC attendees, and difficulties with description of events by clients. We identify several patterns of non-age related anogenital and body examination findings, and offer recommendations for sexual assault services on how they may better cater to older populations.


Asunto(s)
Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Delitos Sexuales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Criminales/estadística & datos numéricos , Demencia/epidemiología , Violencia Doméstica/estadística & datos numéricos , Maltrato al Anciano/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Anciano Frágil , Humanos , Masculino , Competencia Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Examen Físico , Derivación y Consulta , Estudios Retrospectivos , Reino Unido/epidemiología , Poblaciones Vulnerables , Adulto Joven
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450677

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Literature on pregnancy highlighted a large number of women abused by their partners, especially among low-income teenagers attending hospital for pregnancy check-ups. Pregnancy represents a key moment for diagnosing domestic violence. METHOD: This study explores health professionals' perceptions and concerns about domestic violence against women in services dealing with pregnant women. The twenty-four interviewees were from an Obstetrical-Gynecological walk-in Clinic in the south of Italy. The textual data has been complementarily analyzed by means of two different procedures: Symbolic-structural semiotic analysis and Thematic content analysis. RESULTS: What emerges is that the interviewees of the clinic do not regard the issue of domestic violence as a matter of direct interest for the health service. The clinic is seen as a place for urgent contact, but one where there is not enough time to dedicate to this kind of patient, nor an adequate space to care for and listen to them. Obstetricians and health personnel expressed a negative attitude when it comes to including questions regarding violence and abuse in pre-natal reports. Training for health and social professionals and the empowering of institutional support and networking practices are needed to increase awareness of the phenomenon among the gynecological personnel.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Violencia Doméstica/psicología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Italia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Percepción , Embarazo , Mujeres Embarazadas , Adulto Joven
13.
BMC Womens Health ; 19(1): 106, 2019 08 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387561

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a serious public health issue, threatening the health of individuals the world over. Whilst DVA can be experienced by both men and women, the majority is still experienced by women; around 30% of women worldwide who have been in a relationship report that they have experienced violence at the hands of their partner, and every week in England and Wales two women are killed by their current or ex-partner. The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of thrivership with women who have experienced DVA, to contribute to our understandings of what constitutes 'thriving' post-abuse, and how women affected can move from surviving to thriving. METHODS: Thirty-seven women took part in this qualitative study which consisted of six focus groups and four in-depth interviews undertaken in one region of the UK in 2018. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis approach. Initial findings were reported back to a group of participants to invite respondent validation and ensure co-production of data. RESULTS: The process of 'thrivership' - moving from surviving to thriving after DVA - is a fluid, non-linear journey of self-discovery featuring three 'stages' of victim, survivor, and thriver. Thriving after DVA is characterised by a positive outlook and looking to the future, improved health and well-being, a reclamation of the self, and a new social network. Crucial to ensuring 'thrivership' are three key components that we propose as the 'Thrivership Model', all of which are underpinned by education and awareness building at different levels: (1) Provision of Safety, (2) Sharing the Story, (3) Social Response. CONCLUSIONS: The study findings provide a new view of thriving post-abuse by women who have lived through it. The proposed Thrivership Model has been developed to illustrate what is required from DVA-services and public health practitioners for the thrivership process to take place, so that more women may be supported towards 'thriving' after abuse.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica/psicología , Sobrevivientes/psicología , Supervivencia , Víctimas de Crimen/psicología , Inglaterra , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Optimismo , Investigación Cualitativa
14.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(8): 2835-2844, 2019 Aug 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389532

RESUMEN

Domestic violence (DV) is a serious public health problem in the world. DV against women is also a global problem without cultural, geographic, religious, social, economic or national boundaries. This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the situations of DV in women living in Istanbul and the Aegean Region in Turkey. The study population included outpatient clinics of state hospitals both regions. A stratified sampling by age was performed and 1100 women were included into the sample. Data were collected at face-to-face interviews with Domestic Violence Against Women Determination Scale. The mean age of the women living in Istanbul was 41.81 ± 9.75 years and Aegean Region was 33.72 ± 11.38 years. The prevalence of emotional and financial violence were higher in Istanbul and the Aegean Region. The women living in Istanbul got higher scores for Domestic Violence Against Women Determination Scale. The prevalence of the women reporting to suffer from violence from their spouses was 15.4% in Istanbul and 14% in the Aegean Region. While the prevalence of the women suffering from violence was higher in Istanbul, the women in Aegean Region suffered from more severe violence. The violence prevalence was lower among the wives and the husbands with high education levels, employed women and high-income families.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica/estadística & datos numéricos , Maltrato Conyugal/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Renta , Entrevistas como Asunto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Esposos/estadística & datos numéricos , Turquia/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
15.
Sex., salud soc. (Rio J.) ; (32): 40-64, maio-ago. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020950

RESUMEN

Resumen En este artículo se presenta un análisis de los relatos de mujeres mayas contemporáneas, que narran sus experiencias cotidianas acerca de su sexualidad y vida afectiva. A partir de las entrevistas a profundidad aplicadas en el municipio de Tahdziú en Yucatán, México, realizamos una lectura feminista decolonial, tejiendo las categorías de género, clase social y etnia, en un contexto histórico y social específico. Observamos cómo se materializa la cultura patriarcal y se configuran subjetividades, roles e identidades en las formas de habitar el cuerpo femenino. Nos interesa dar voz a las mujeres mayas, que han vivido sus experiencias como cuerpo negado y silenciado, e intentar comprenderlas en su contexto, partiendo de la comprensión del cuerpo como resultado de un constructo histórico social.


Abstract This article presents an analysis of the stories of contemporary Mayan women, who narrate their daily experiences about sexuality and affective life. From the in-depth interviews applied in the municipality of Tahdziú in Yucatán, Mexico, we conducted a decolonial feminist reading, weaving the categories of gender, social class and ethnicity, in a specific historical and social context. We observe how the patriarchal culture materializes and how subjectivities, roles and identities are configured in the ways of inhabiting the female body. We are interested in giving voice to the Mayan women, who have lived their experiences as a denied and silenced body, and try to understand them in context, based on the understanding of their body as a result of a social historical construct.


Resumo Este artigo apresenta uma análise das histórias de mulheres maias contemporâneas, que narram suas experiências cotidianas sobre sexualidade e vida afetiva. A partir de entrevistas em profundidade realizadas no município de Tahdziú, em Yucatán, México, realizamos uma leitura feminista decolonial, tecendo as categorias de gênero, classe social e etnia, em um contexto histórico e social específico. Observamos como a cultura patriarcal se materializa e as subjetividades, papéis e identidades se configuram nos modos de habitar o corpo feminino. Interessa-nos dar voz às mulheres Maias, que viveram suas experiências como um corpo negado e silenciado, e tentar entendê-las em contexto, com base na compreensão do corpo, como resultado de um construto histórico social.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Mujeres , Violencia Doméstica , Sexualidad , Feminismo , Cultura , Investigación Cualitativa , Inequidad Social , Identidad de Género , México
16.
Aust N Z J Public Health ; 43(5): 457-463, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268221

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Reproductive abuse is defined as a deliberate attempt to control or interfere with a woman's reproductive choices. It is associated with a range of negative health outcomes and presents a hidden challenge for health practitioners. There is a dearth of research on reproductive abuse, particularly qualitative research. This study aims to address this gap by exploring how health practitioners in a large Australian public hospital identify and respond to reproductive abuse. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with n=17 health practitioners working across multiple disciplines within a large metropolitan public hospital in Victoria. Data were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Three themes were developed: Figuring out that something is wrong; Creating a safe space to work out what she wants; and Everyone needs to do their part. CONCLUSIONS: Practitioners relied on intuition developed through experience to identify reproductive abuse. Once identified, most practitioners described a woman-led response promoting safety; however, there were inconsistencies in how this was enacted across different professions. Lack of clarity around the level of response required was also a barrier. Implications for public health: Our findings highlight the pressing need for evidence-based guidelines for health practitioners and a 'best practice' model specific to reproductive abuse.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Violencia Doméstica , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Personal de Salud/psicología , Adulto , Australia , Femenino , Hospitales Públicos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Investigación Cualitativa
17.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 23(4): 455-460, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274215

RESUMEN

Violence against women is a hot topic in the spotlight of contemporary science. In the academy, most of the courses are structured in a hierarchical system, in which students-especially female-become potentially vulnerable to emotional, physical and even sexual harm. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and the study-associated factors of emotional, physical and sexual violence against female students in medical, dental and psychological courses in South Brazil. A questionnaire-based survey was performed combining two previously validated tools for the investigation of workplace violence. The questionnaires were digitally provided to women undergoing medicine, dentistry and psychology courses in South Brazil. The study was conducted between April and July, 2018. The final sample consisted of 241 students (57 medical students; 91 dental students and 93 psychology students). Reports of general violence reached a prevalence rate of 45.2%. In particular, emotional violence reached 78.9% of the cases, whilst physical and sexual violence reached 4.6% and 8.3%, respectively. Amongst the identified offenders, professors figured as the most prevalent (18.4%). Alarming rates of violence against women were detected in this study. Institutional preventive strategies must be designed to protect female students in their study/workplace and enable a safe routine of academic activities.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica , Delitos Sexuales , Brasil , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Prevalencia , Estudiantes , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
Health Care Women Int ; 40(11): 1135-1148, 2019 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274387

RESUMEN

In this descriptive study, our aim was to examine the relationship between violence exposure status and personality characteristics among infertile women. The researchers collected data from 315 infertile women at an in vitro fertilization unit of the Woman and Child Disease Training and Research Hospital in Istanbul, Turkey. An introductory information form, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated Form (EPQR-A), and the Infertile Women's Exposure to Violence Determination Scale (IWEVDS) were used as data collection tools. When the relationship between the IWEVDS and EPQR-A subdimension scores of the infertile women were examined, a positive relationship was found between the being-forced-into-traditional-practices subdimension of the IWEVDS and the neuroticism subdimension of the EPQR-A. In addition, a weak negative relationship was found between the being-forced-into-traditional-practices subdimension of the IWEVDS and the lying subdimension of the EPQR-A.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica/psicología , Exposición a la Violencia/psicología , Infertilidad Femenina/psicología , Trastornos Neuróticos/psicología , Estrés Psicológico , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Violencia Doméstica/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Personalidad , Inventario de Personalidad , Escalas de Valoración Psiquiátrica , Calidad de Vida , Percepción Social , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estereotipo , Turquia
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284379

RESUMEN

Research into child-to-parent violence (CPV) has focused mainly on the description of individual and family variables of adolescents. It is observed that the school context has received little attention despite being a context of development of great importance. In order to deepen the understanding in this field, the objective of this study was to analyze the relationships between child-to-parent violence (CPV) and the attitude towards authority, social reputation and school climate. A total of 2101 Spanish adolescents (50.1% males and 49.9% females) from 13 to 18 years participated. A multivariate factorial design (MANOVA, 3 × 3) was carried out using as independent variables CPV level and age. It was found that adolescents with high CPV presented lower values of positive attitude towards institutional authority (PATIA) and school climate (involvement, friendships and teacher's help), and higher values of positive attitude towards the transgression of social norms (PATTSN) and of perceived and ideal non-conformist social reputation (PNCSR and INCSR, respectively). Younger participants obtained the highest PATIA scores and lowest of PNCSR and the 15-16 years age group obtained the highest scores in PATTSN and INCSR. Adolescents aged 17-18 years show the highest scores in involvement and teacher's help. Also, three interaction effects were found and indicated that there is an improvement in attitudinal and school adjustment indicators according to the age, except in ideal non-conformist social reputation, which has important practical implications.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Actitud , Violencia Doméstica/psicología , Relaciones Interpersonales , Autoimagen , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Responsabilidad Parental , Identificación Social , España
20.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 998-1002, 2019 Jul 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257334

RESUMEN

Ventricular pseudoaneurysm (PSA) is a rare, yet life-threatening complication of myocardial infarction, cardiac surgery, and transcatheter valve replacement. Although conventional surgery is the preferred treatment strategy, transcatheter closure has emerged as an effective alternative in selected candidates. In this report, we describe successful transcatheter closure of two unique cases of ventricular pseudoaneurysm (PSA): first, a complex post-myocardial infarction left ventricular PSA (LVPSA) with multi-communications, and second, a case of post-traumatic right ventricular PSA (RVPSA) following blunt chest injury caused by domestic violence.


Asunto(s)
Aneurisma Falso/cirugía , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Aneurisma Cardíaco/cirugía , Ventrículos Cardíacos , Infarto del Miocardio/complicaciones , Traumatismos Torácicos/complicaciones , Heridas no Penetrantes/complicaciones , Anciano , Aneurisma Falso/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Falso/etiología , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Violencia Doméstica , Ecocardiografía , Femenino , Aneurisma Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Cardíaco/etiología , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Cinemagnética , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Traumatismos Torácicos/diagnóstico , Heridas no Penetrantes/diagnóstico
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