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1.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-49093

RESUMO

A Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca (ENSP/Fiocruz) e a Rede Brasileira de Bancos de Leite Humano (rBHL/IFF/Fiocruz) estão desenvolvendo uma cooperação a fim de promover a efetivação do aleitamento materno para toda a população, em especial para as pessoas com deficiência, em respeito à diversidade humana.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Promoção da Saúde , Pessoas com Deficiência , Segurança Alimentar , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Equidade no Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
2.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2022-08-02. (OPS/EIH/KM/21-025).
em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-56204

RESUMO

La Región de las Américas se ha beneficiado del apoyo de los centros colaboradores (CC) de la OMS desde 1950. Desde entonces, los centros han apoyado a la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) en un sinfín de campos técnicos, como la enfermería, la enfermedades transmisibles, la promoción de la salud, los sistemas de información para la salud, la salud mental y la respuesta a situaciones de emergencia. La OPS ha trabajado para asegurar que los planes de trabajo de los CC sean conformes con las prioridades y los mandatos regionales acordados por los Estados Miembros, lo cual garantiza la alta calidad del apoyo prestado por los CC y la mejora de la cooperación técnica ofrecida por la OPS a los países. Además, asegura que la colaboración se vincule a la respuesta de la OPS a los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS). En abril del 2021, la OPS convocó a los 183 CC ubicados en la Región a un seminario regional virtual con el objetivo general de reconocer la importancia de los CC para lograr los ODS. También tenía como finalidad mostrar la importancia de la cooperación internacional en tiempos difíciles, como los vividos con la COVID-19. El seminario reunió a más de 300 participantes de 30 países. En este informe se presenta un panorama de las deliberaciones de los panelistas y las recomendaciones clave formuladas por los participantes para mejorar las relaciones técnicas entre la OPS y los CC. La aplicación de las recomendaciones formuladas en el seminario y en las evaluaciones anteriores será fundamental para impulsar el mecanismo de los CC y la cooperación técnica de la OPS.


Assuntos
Cooperação Técnica , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , América , Região do Caribe
3.
West Afr J Med ; 39(7): 737-746, 2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were not achieved by most Sub-Saharan countries including Nigeria. This further led to the proposition of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to run from 2015-2030, to make up for the deficiencies. There is a need to assess the Maternal and Child Healthcare (MCH) delivery, to work towards achieving SDG 3. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the MCH delivery practices and to identify the related challenges at the secondary care level in Oyo State, southwest Nigeria. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design. Twenty-two healthcare facilities were selected by simple random sampling and were assessed using an adapted semi-structured checklist of the WHO manual on Integrated Management of Pregnancy and Childbirth Series. The analysis was done, using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. RESULTS: All the facilities offered normal delivery services and 81.8% offered the three basic child health services (sick childcare, vaccination, and growth monitoring). All the facilities had essential supplies for antenatal and newborn care, and essential drugs for antenatal and childcare. However, only 36.4% had essential delivery medications. Also, 18.2% had available guidelines for MCH delivery, and 42.0% of the staff were present at the time of the survey. The major challenges identified were small staff size (50.0%), lack of equipment (31.8%), and (18.2%) for lack of equipment, medicine, hands-on training, and supervision. CONCLUSION: There is a need for continuous monitoring and evaluation of the MCH services and to improve on the identified challenges. This would help in working towards achieving SDG 3 by the year 2030. Mots clés: Soins prénataux, Soins de santé infantile, Évaluation, Établissement de santé, soins de santé maternelle, soins de santé secondaire, ODD.


CONTEXTE: Les Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (OMD) n'ont pas été atteints par la plupart des pays subsahariens, y compris le Nigeria. Cela a conduit à la proposition d'objectifs de développement durable (ODD) qui s'appliqueront à partir de 2010. (SDGs) qui s'étendent de 2015 à 2030, afin de combler les lacunes. Il est nécessaire d'évaluer la prestation des soins de santé maternelle et infantile (SMI) afin d'atteindre l'objectif de développement durable 3. OBJECTIFS: Évaluer les pratiques de prestation de soins de santé maternelle et infantile et identifier les défis connexes au niveau des soins secondaires dans l'État d'Oyo, au sud-ouest du Nigeria. MÉTHODES: L'étude était de type transversal. Vingt-deux établissements de santé ont été sélectionnés par échantillonnage aléatoire simple et ont été évalués à l'aide d'une liste de contrôle semi-structurée adaptée sur la prise en charge intégrée de la grossesse et de l'accouchement. L'analyse a été réalisée à l'aide du progiciel de statistiques pour les sciences sociales (SPSS) version 21. RÉSULTATS: Tous les établissements offraient des services d'accouchement normal et 81,8% offraient les trois services de santé infantile de base (soins aux enfants malades, vaccination et suivi de la croissance),Toutes les structures disposaient des fournitures essentiels pour les soins prénatals et néonatals, et de médicaments essentiels pour les soins prénatals et infantiles. Cependant, seuls 36,4% disposaient de médicaments essentiels pour l'accouchement. De plus, 18,2% avaient des directives disponibles pour l'accouchement en SMI, et 42,0% du personnel était présent au moment de l'enquête. Le site principaux défis identifiés étaient la petite taille du personnel (50,0%), le manque ded'équipement (31,8%), et (18,2%) pour lemanque d'équipement, de médicaments, de formation pratique et de supervision. CONCLUSION: Il est nécessaire d'assurer un suivi et une évaluation pour continuer des services de SMI et d'améliorer les défis identifiés. Cela contribuerait à la réalisation de l'ODD 3 par l'année 2030. Mots clés: Soins prénataux, Soins de santé infantile, Évaluation, Établissement de santé, soins de santé maternelle, soins de santé secondaire, ODD.


Assuntos
Instalações de Saúde , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Nigéria , Gravidez
4.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-49073

RESUMO

Em cooperação com a WABA (World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action) a Coordenadora das Políticas de Aleitamento Materno, Banco de Leite Humano e Secretaria de Saúde do Distrito Federal Miriam Oliveira dos Santos elaboração do folder. Com o tema Semana Mundial de Aleitamento Materno escolhido está associado à Agenda 2030 para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Promoção da Saúde , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Bancos de Leite Humano
6.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9691

RESUMO

O II Seminário Internacional de Alimentação e Nutrição na Atenção Primária à Saúde teve como objetivo disseminar informações técnico-científicas e promover trocas de experiências a partir de espaços de discussão e proposição de ações em conjunto com coordenadores estaduais e municipais de alimentação e nutrição, gestores e profissionais envolvidos no desenvolvimento destas ações nos territórios, além de pesquisadores, estudantes e demais interessados no tema. Esse contou com um público de 5 mil pessoas, residentes em mais de 50 países. Houve o lançamento de duas importantes publicações: Recomendações para o Fortalecimento da Atenção Nutricional na Atenção Primária à Saúde no Brasil e Matriz para Organização dos Cuidados em Alimentação e Nutrição na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Esses materiais foram desenvolvidos para dar apoio técnico aos gestores e profissionais na organização da atenção nutricional e na formulação de estratégias de cuidado nos territórios cobertos pela APS no Brasil, buscando reverter cenários de má nutrição.


Assuntos
Política Nutricional , Segurança Alimentar , Dieta Saudável , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Insegurança Alimentar , Sistemas Locais de Saúde , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Desnutrição/prevenção & controle , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Colaboração Intersetorial , Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional , Formulação de Políticas , Alimentos Industrializados , Promoção da Saúde , Prisioneiros , Comportamento Alimentar , Saúde da Família , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/economia , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Qualidade de Vida , Educação Alimentar e Nutricional , Alimentos Integrais
7.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9692

RESUMO

O II Seminário Internacional de Alimentação e Nutrição na Atenção Primária à Saúde teve como objetivo disseminar informações técnico-científicas e promover trocas de experiências a partir de espaços de discussão e proposição de ações em conjunto com coordenadores estaduais e municipais de alimentação e nutrição, gestores e profissionais envolvidos no desenvolvimento destas ações nos territórios, além de pesquisadores, estudantes e demais interessados no tema. Esse contou com um público de 5 mil pessoas, residentes em mais de 50 países. Houve o lançamento de duas importantes publicações: Recomendações para o Fortalecimento da Atenção Nutricional na Atenção Primária à Saúde no Brasil e Matriz para Organização dos Cuidados em Alimentação e Nutrição na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Esses materiais foram desenvolvidos para dar apoio técnico aos gestores e profissionais na organização da atenção nutricional e na formulação de estratégias de cuidado nos territórios cobertos pela APS no Brasil, buscando reverter cenários de má nutrição.


Assuntos
Atenção Primária à Saúde , Política Nutricional , Segurança Alimentar , Insegurança Alimentar , Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional , Promoção da Saúde , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Integralidade em Saúde , Saúde Ambiental , Colaboração Intersetorial , Sistemas Locais de Saúde , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar/normas , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Dieta Saudável , Alimentos Industrializados , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Guias Alimentares , Saúde da Família , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Manejo da Obesidade , Estigma Social , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Qualidade de Vida , Canadá , Brasil , Reino Unido
8.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604351, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652124

RESUMO

Objectives: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) re-orient action towards improving the social and ecological determinants of health and equity. SDG 17 calls for enhanced policy and institutional coherence and strong multi-stakeholder partnerships. Intersectoral action (IA) has a promising history in public health, including health promotion and global health. Some experts see IA as crucial to the SDGs. Yet less is known about how IA is conceptualized and what promising models exist with relevance to the SDGs. We sought to investigate how IA is understood conceptually and empirically. Methods: We conducted a narrative review of global public health and political science literatures and grey literature on the SDGs to identify theoretical models, case studies and reviews of IA research. Results: Multiple competing conceptualizations of IA exist. Research has focused on case studies in high-income countries. More conceptual clarity, analyses of applications in LMICs, and explorations of political and institutional factors affecting IA are needed, as is attention to power dynamics between sectors. Conclusion: IA is required to collaborate on the SDGs and address equity. New models for successful implementation merit exploration.


Assuntos
Saúde Global , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Pública
9.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695898

RESUMO

With the "Education and Health NRW" programme, all of the participating sponsors have formed a partnership of shared responsibility for the funding of the Good Healthy School and the implementation of the Prevention Act in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW). The State Ministries of Schools and Education (MSB NRW) and of Labour, Health and Welfare (MAGS NRW), along with the State Statutory Health Insurers (GKV NRW) and Statutory Accident Insurance for the public sector in North Rhine-Westphalia (UK NRW), cooperate in advocating integrated health and quality development and in supporting the promotion of good health and prevention in schools. Central elements of public health research such as the participation (of everyone involved) and empowerment are components of the overall concept.The joint key objective of the programme sponsors is adequately and sustainably improving health and educational opportunities for children and young people as well as the performance capabilities of everyone involved in the school environment. This is achieved for the schools participating in the programme through expert advice with personal contact persons, wide-ranging support, evaluation on a regular basis, and the financing of sustainable school development measures aimed at firmly establishing the promotion of good health and prevention. This increases the quality of health and health expertise for everyone participating in the day-to-day school environment.This article provides insights into the recognized school development programme, which has been prolonged by the cooperation partners for an additional five years. One of the things revealed by the latest evaluation of BuG NRW is how implemented structures, active networking, and individual support services in North Rhine-Westphalia can advance and establish long-term school development that promotes good health.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Adolescente , Criança , Alemanha , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas
10.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e045172, 2022 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35697458

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sustainability at a system level relates to the capacity of the system to be able to service the ongoing health needs of the population. It is a multifaceted concept encompassing both the affordability and efficiency of a system and the system's ability to adapt and change.To address issues that currently threaten health system sustainability, healthcare leaders, policy makers, clinicians and researchers are searching for solutions to ensure the delivery of safe, value-based care into the future. The timely translation of research evidence into sustainable interventions that can be adopted into the health system is one way of bolstering the sustainability of the system as a whole. We present a protocol for the realist evaluation of a research translation funding programme to understand how the research translation process contributes to health system sustainability and value-based healthcare. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Underpinned by the realist evaluation framework, we will: (1) Develop the Initial Program Theory (IPT) of the research translation process; (2) Test the program theory through case study analysis; and (3) Refine and consolidate the theory through stakeholder consultation. The evaluation uses a case example of a research translation programme, chosen for its representation of a microcosm of the broader health system and the heterogeneity of service improvement activities taking place within it. Across the three phases, analysis of data from documents about the research translation program and interviews and focus groups with stakeholders and program users will draw on the context (C), mechanism (M), outcome (O) formula that is core to realist evaluation. In addition, system dynamic methods will capture the feedback loops and complex relationships among the IPT and context-mechanism-outcome configurations. This approach to evaluation of a research translation funding programme may be adapted to similar programmes operating in other settings. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Curtin University Human Research Ethics Committee, Western Australia, approved this study (approval number: HRE2020-0464). Results will be published in scientific journals, and communicated to respondents and relevant partners.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Programas Governamentais , Pessoal Administrativo , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Assistência Médica
11.
Am J Public Health ; 112(S3): S321-S327, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679559

RESUMO

There are few educational programs in the United States that have a primary focus on preparing nurses to engage in all levels of public health, health policy, and climate change. The United Nations sustainability development goals (SDG) and the Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity (2021) report underscored the importance of key stakeholders, including nurses, engaging in advocacy and policy to promote health equity. We discuss the role of nursing at the intersection of public health, policy, climate change, and the SDG. We also discuss the history and merger of the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) School of Nursing public health and health policy specialties, a significant innovation in our effort to promote health equity. We provide a brief overview of the redesigning of our curriculum that meets the needs of today's learners by including content on climate change, data analytics, and racial, social, and environmental justice. Finally, we emphasize the need to train the next cadre of nurses interested in careers in public health and health policy for us to meet the challenges facing our communities. (Am J Public Health. 2022;112(S3):S321-S327. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2022.306826).


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Saúde Pública , Política de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Estados Unidos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Team-based learning (TBL) was studied in several preclinical settings, but evidence for its effectiveness in community nursing education is scant. A community health care nursing course was developed, and nursing students engaged in TBL to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 3. PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effect of TBL model integration on students' learning attitude, community understanding, and community care competence for achieving SDG 3 and determine the extent to which the TBL model altered students' nursing competence for providing community health care. We compared the effect of TBL and traditional learning (TL) in terms of community health care knowledge objectives. METHODS: TBL was employed as the teaching strategy to guide students' discussion of community care issues, allowing them to fully utilize the knowledge acquired in their community practice. We used an unblinded crossover design, and 99 students participated in the community health nursing course. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that TBL improved participants' community understanding and enhanced their skills for assessing and fulfilling community needs. The experimental and control groups differed significantly in their TBL performance, learning attitude, and nursing competencies. The performance of those who engaged in TBL was higher than that of those who engaged in TL on all community issues. TBL appears to be a more effective method than TL in terms of achieving nursing students' knowledge objectives. CONCLUSIONS: Regarding practical application, the proposed intervention enables nursing students to acquire professional knowledge related to community aging health care and nursing skills, and establish partnerships with community residents. This facilitates the achievement of the United Nations' sustainable development goal of ensuring healthy living and promoting well-being at all ages.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Enfermagem , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Idoso , Estudos Cross-Over , Atenção à Saúde , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Aprendizagem
13.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e063205, 2022 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680255

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Understanding the Latin American Social Innovation in Health (SIH) approach requires a process of typifying and identifying main criteria of the approach based on the employed practices of different health initiatives implemented throughout the region. This article presents a descriptive analysis of the main criteria of SIH. DESIGN: To identify the theoretical and methodological developments of SIH between the years 2013 and 2018, a scoping review was conducted using a mixed approach. 80 texts in English, Spanish and Portuguese were screened through a reflexive analysis process involving intratextual and intertextual reading. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The documentary research covered journals, books and higher degree theses addressing experiences or theoretical constructs developed in the Latin American region. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The approaches identified in the studied initiatives were mutually complementary; moreover, based on the typification of the main criteria between approaches and implementation proposals, the convergences and divergences between SIH and other approaches found in the sample were identified. In most cases, the different approaches in the sample are committed to initiatives that include some degree of innovation, improve access to healthcare services and recognise in one way or another a public policy in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). RESULTS: Eighteen characteristic criteria were identified, of which nine particularly differentiate SIH from other approaches conceptually and methodologically. Further work is essential to eliminate the vague delimitation between social and technological aspects of innovation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that although the SIH concept is in construction, it is advancing down a path of recognition in the region, defining its role as an important field of study on social transformation in health and development.


Assuntos
Política Pública , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , América Latina
14.
Lancet Planet Health ; 6(6): e524-e534, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35709809

RESUMO

The demand for eye care-the most common medical speciality in some countries-is increasing globally due to both demographic change and the development of eye health-care services in low-income and middle-income countries. This expansion of service provision needs to be environmentally sustainable. We conducted a scoping review to establish the nature and extent of the literature describing the environmental costs of delivering eye-care services, identify interventions to diminish the environmental impact of eye care, and identify key sustainability themes that are not yet being addressed. We identified 16 peer-reviewed articles for analysis, all published since 2009. Despite a paucity of research evidence, there is a need for the measurement of environmental impacts associated with eye care to be standardised along with the methodological tools to assess these impacts. The vastly different environmental costs of delivering clinical services with similar clinical outcomes in different regulatory settings is striking; in one example, a phacoemulsification cataract extraction in a UK hospital produced more than 20 times the greenhouse gas emission of the same procedure in an Indian hospital. The environmental costs must be systematically included when evaluating the risks and benefits of new interventions or policies aimed at promoting safety in high-income countries.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Renda , Meio Ambiente
15.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35670405

RESUMO

The modern trends in health care (strategies of optimizing costs, value-oriented medical care) require systematic development of laboratory services for administrative territories. The study was carried out to provide support for decision-making by systematizing models of laboratory services on the basis of principles of systematic approach. Four basic models (centralization, outsourcing, horizontal integration, point-of-care) were analyzed. The study applied such research methods as analytical and strategic SWOT-analysis. The SWOT-analysis was implemented using list of standard characteristics for each model of laboratory service organization. Each model is distinguished by complex combination of strengths, weaknesses, lines of functioning and development. The availability of implementing particular model depends on delicate balance of opportunities and risks against the background of local characteristics of administrative subject. The dynamics of the social economic and infrastructural development of administrative subject can significantly affect effectiveness of model implementation. The objective set of characteristics was obtained for each model of laboratory service organization. Actually it is impossible to select particular model for specific administrative subject. Hence, scientific substantiation of "flexible" model is needed to implement.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Modelos Organizacionais , Serviços de Diagnóstico
16.
Lancet Public Health ; 7(6): e569-e572, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660218

RESUMO

Global progress towards universal coverage of essential health services, a component of UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.8, is measured at the country level using the WHO Service Coverage Index. However, data collection for this crucial metric excludes prisons and youth detention centres, despite the health needs in these settings, chronic underinvestment in custodial health care, and poor health outcomes for people released from custody in most countries. Particularly in countries with high incarceration rates, failure to include custodial settings in calculations of the service coverage index might result in overestimation of progress towards SDG 3.8.1, and mask important health inequalities. In this Viewpoint, we explore how failure to consider custodial settings in calculation of the service coverage index contributes to health inequalities and impedes progress towards SDG 3. We recommend explicitly considering all custodial settings in future estimates of progress towards universal health coverage.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde , Adolescente , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos
18.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 69(3): 4-6, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644590

RESUMO

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has received increasing attention in recent decades. The concept of social responsibility is being applied in universities. Because universities have goals that differ significantly from corporations, the notion of university social responsibility (USR) has emerged in the academic field. The Ministry of Education in Taiwan has regularly implemented USR practice plans since 2018 (Executive Yuan, Taiwan, ROC, 2019). The core values of these plans are "local coalition" and "talent cultivation". Moreover, these plans encourage universities to use the power of professional knowledge and creation to minimize the gap between learning and application for students and to integrate local resources and hands-on strategies to better collaborate with universities around the world and expand participation in international academic activities. Sustainable development (SD) is a core objective of both CSR and USR. The United Nations has advocated for sustainable development since 1987 and formalized the five-component paradigm (people, partnership, peace, planet, and prosperity, 5Ps) in 2015. UN Agenda 2030 addresses 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs), 169 targets, and 3,155 actions, encouraging all national governments to establish national SD action plans (United Nations, 2015). Based on the review of the literature and conceptual frameworks related to USR and SD (Bokhari, 2017), we integrate practice experiences and propose three suggestions for universities: 1) diversities universities could create a campus-wide climate of and comprehensive practice for social responsibility using their professional knowledge; 2) the social, economy, and environment are included in universities SD. The curriculum development of universities links to social practice activities to achieve the goals of talent cultivation to meet social needs; 3) The university projects include specific actions and timeline. The impacts and achievements of USR and SD may be appraised by internal and external experts. Fooyin University is a school of science and technology related to "Big Health". Based on the above theoretical frameworks, the outcome evaluation model of the Center for USR, the Ministry of Education, and the UN's SDGs, we implemented the "Time Wheel Sustainable Model of Social Responsibility at Fooyin University" (Figure 1) and began cooperating with private and government organizations. The model is an intervention and evaluation guideline for the time-dynamic wheel, with the target goal of cultivating health promotion and sustainable development talent. The outcomes and impacts of the model comprise four domains and sixteen indicators. Stakeholders of this model are students/alumni, teaching faculties and administration staff, communities, and the public. USR curriculum designs involve the School of Nursing, School of Medical and Health Sciences, School of Environment and Life Sciences, and College of Humanities and Management. In 2020, 718 faculties and 2,012 students participated in USR projects. In 2021, the participation numbers were 679 faculties and 2,303 students. The Fooyin USR is now firmly rooted in thirty communities. Starting in 2022, The Fooyin USR has collaborated with local private companies (CSR) and local youths and communities (regional revitalization, RR) to launch the 3 R formula framework of the USR. The goal of the 3 R action plan is to use artificial intelligence technology to provide innovative, community-based care. The USR operations of university sustainable development around Taiwan are achieving wonderful results, with even better achievements expected. This special column presents case studies of innovative community care and sustainable development within the context of university social responsibility at four universities, including Fooyin University, Siaogang Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, National Cheng Kung University, and Taipei Medical University. Since 2020, nations around the world have fought off COVID-19. The strategies of national prevention have evolved to better respond to disasters and to live with the virus. Therefore, in the post-pandemic period, universities around Taiwan have been implementing sustainable development practices. These universities are making strong efforts to develop innovative care for communities through academic exchange and publishing in order to accomplish social responsibility.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Adolescente , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Pandemias , Responsabilidade Social , Universidades
19.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 69(3): 7-12, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644591

RESUMO

The need for health literacy in the context of older adult healthcare has increased significantly with population aging. Employing innovative models of social service delivery will be necessary to effectively integrate academic, medical, and community resources to address diverse healthcare needs. The project of university social responsibility supported by Fooyin University is a comprehensive program that employs a time bank model and cultivates community. The Fooyin Time Bank leverages reciprocity to cultivate sustainable manpower to satisfy community needs. The five strategies of the Fooyin Time Bank include: 1) strengthen the awareness of the time bank in community volunteers, 2) cultivate seed members to initiate the time bank, 3) adapt the mutual help model to meet local individual needs, 4) promote the online platform system of the time banking infrastructure and diversities of resource exchange, and 5) emphasize the key role of community and supplementary role of university to enhance sustainability. The Fooyin Time Bank coordinates with government agencies, private companies, and academic institutions to bolster the sustainability of its networks. In addition, faculties and students participate in the community to create a social climate of mutual help, inter-generational aged care, and social welfare.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Estudantes , Idoso , Humanos , Universidades
20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 819096, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35651862

RESUMO

Performance of healthcare can be measured as its ability to restore and preserve health with acceptable costs for the society. Under the current prevalence of chronic disease, medical care (the major content of healthcare) underperforms in all key indicators: clinical effectiveness, benefit/risk ratio of interventions, cost/benefit ratio, and general population health. In Russia key performance indicators (KPI) of healthcare do not allow effective decision-making; a similar situation is seen worldwide: most KPIs are either focused on the process (not results) of medical care, or depend on efforts out of control of healthcare decision-makers. The key root factors limiting clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of healthcare are reactive diagnosis-centered organizational model of care and the underlying biomedical paradigm, generally inadequate in chronic diseases. They make healthcare intervene too late, use less effective prevention and treatment instruments, and be in a state of resource scarcity. In Russia there is also a lack of interdisciplinary and interagency cooperation essential for health preservation and promotion. Performance of healthcare system in overcoming the chronic disease epidemic can be improved through supplementing the current 'reactive' organizational model with preventive person-centered model based on the biopsychosocial paradigm. Enabling patients for early lifestyle-based interventions, the core P4 medicine approach, should prevail in managing chronic disease. Communication and information technologies should allow fast scaling up of the best person-centered practices.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Doença Crônica , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Modelos Organizacionais
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