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1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1109-1114, 2021 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763406

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the status quo of human resources of dentists who deal with periodontal disease in Beijing area through an online survey, which may hopefully provide a preliminary basis for the decision-making of administrative departments and the formulation of periodontal professional development plan. Methods: The dentists who deal with periodontal disease at least half a day per week in Beijing area were investigated. A questionnaire was designed by the chairman of the Periodontology Committee of Beijing Stomatological Association. The questionnaire was sent to and finished by the dentists via "WenJuanXing" online survey software. The contents of the survey included general condition, the property of practice unit, title and position of the dentist, membership of professional society, time and content of periodontal treatment, adoption of new technology and new method of periodontal therapy during the past one year, status of periodontal treatment in the local population and reasons, understanding and influencing factors of periodontal professional development. Results: A total of 1 255 dentists completed the survey, who came from all 16 districts in Beijing, mainly Haidian, Chaoyang, Dongcheng and Xicheng Districts [The total percentage of these four main districts was 70.3% (882/1 255)]. The mean age of the dentists was (36.1±8.3) years. Among the dentists, 71.1% (892/1 255) were females, 88.1% (1 106/1 255) got a Bachelor's degree or above. It was estimated that 35.4% (444/1 255) of the dentists had received standardized periodontal training ever. The percentage of dentists carrying out new technology in the past one year was as high as 68.1% (855/1 255). There were only 163 periodontal specialists (13.0%) out of the dentists in the survey. Only 15.9% (200/1 255) of the dentists routinely performed periodontal surgery. The majority of the dentists [82.8% (1 039/1 255)] were from the state-owned hospitals. Fifty-four point seven percemt (686/1 255) of the dentists thought that lack of knowledge was the main reason why the general public failed to receive periodontal treatment. As for the biggest bottleneck affecting periodontal professional development, fifty-one point zero percent (640/1 255) of the dentists attributed it to the public neglect. Conclusions: The periodontal practitioners in Beijing are young, highly educated, unevenly distributed in 16 districts and mostly females. State-owned oral health institutions are an important force in periodontal diagnosis and treatment services in Beijing. The number of periodontal specialists need to be improved. Promotion of standardized periodontal surgery and the popularization of healthcare knowledge on periodontal disease should also be the focus in the future.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Periodontales , Adulto , Odontólogos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermedades Periodontales/terapia , Periodoncia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Recursos Humanos
2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 992-997, 2021 Oct 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619893

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the effect of extraction treatment on orthodontic patients with Stage Ⅳ/Grade C periodontitis. Methods: Eight orthodontic patients with Stage Ⅳ/Grade C periodontitis (3 males, 5 females, 25~38 years old) who had finished extraction treatment during January 2003 and December 2013 were included in the study. The patients accepted periodontal treatment and extraction orthodontic treatment in the Department of Periodontology and Department of Orthodontics at Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Clinical examination records and periapical films of 34 teeth adjacent to extraction sites (TAES) and 34 teeth non-adjacent to extraction sites (TNES) were evaluated and compared. Probing depth (PD) and relative bone height (RBH) before and after orthodontic treatment were also compared. Results: No significant difference was found between PD of TAES and that of TNES (P>0.05). After orthodontic treatment, RBH of TAES was increased by 8.19% (-3.36%,14.01%) (P<0.05). RBH of TAES far from extraction sites was elevated by 7.73% (-1.52%, 21.55%)(P<0.05). Tooth resorption rate of TAES was 13.1% (1.3%, 23.9%)and TNES was 4.3% (-8.19%, 12.5%) after orthodontic treatment, and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusions: Under proper combined periodontal and orthodontic treatment, stability of periodontal status in patients with Stage Ⅳ/Grade C periodontitis can be maintained. Relative bone height of extraction sites can be elevated after orthodontic treatment.


Asunto(s)
Periodontitis , Diente , Adulto , Atención Odontológica , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Periodoncia , Periodontitis/terapia
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 35(Supp 2): e09, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586211

RESUMEN

In the last decades, Periodontal Regeneration has been one of the most discussed topics in Periodontics, attracting the attention of researchers and clinicians. This can be justified by the evident and continuous progress observed in the field, characterized by a better understanding of the biological mechanisms involved, significant improvement of operative and technical principles, and the emergence of a wide range of biomaterials available for this purpose. Together, these aspects put the theme much in evidence in the search for functional and esthetic therapeutic solutions for periodontal tissue destruction. Despite the evident evolution, periodontal regeneration may be challenging and require the clinician to carefully evaluate each case before making a therapeutic decision. With a critical reassessment of the clinical and preclinical literature, the present study aimed to discuss the topic to answer whether Periodontal Regeneration is still a goal in clinical periodontology. The main aspects involved in the probability of success or failure of regenerative approaches were considered. A greater focus was given to intrabony and furcation defects, clinical conditions with greater therapeutic predictability. Aspects such as more appropriate materials/approaches, long-term benefits and their justification for a higher initial cost were discussed for each condition. In general, deep intrabony defects associated with residual pockets and buccal/lingual class II furcation lesions have predictable and clinically relevant results. Careful selection of the case (based on patient and defect characteristics) and excellent maintenance are essential conditions to ensure initial and long-term success.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Defectos de Furcación , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía , Objetivos , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal , Humanos , Periodoncia , Regeneración
4.
Braz Oral Res ; 35(Supp 2): e100, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586214

RESUMEN

Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are human studies carried out to compare different treatments or interventions, and their results are used to support clinical decision-making and improve patient care. Herein, the aim of this study was to review the selection process of study outcomes in periodontology. Primary outcomes should draw the main conclusions of the study, whereas secondary outcomes should only be used to help explain the main findings and generate future research hypothesis. Outcomes are classified as clinically relevant (CROs) or surrogate outcomes. CROs - the first option for primary outcome variables - should convey not only substantial health benefits, but also be deemed important by patients. In periodontology, tooth loss/retention and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) are examples of CROs. While tooth loss has main limitations as a primary outcome, emerging evidence suggest that patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) can accurately detect OHRQoL following periodontal therapy. When CROs cannot be assessed, validated surrogate outcomes can be used as proxies. Primary outcome variables should reflect a treatment endpoint at the patient level that can be easily used to inform decision-making in daily practice. These outcomes should allow the implementation of a treat-to-target concept in which the intervention can be clearly judged against a prespecified treatment target. Recently, the presence of at most 4 sites with periodontal probing depth ≥5 mm post-treatment was suggested as an effective endpoint for periodontal trials. In perspective, a combination of validated clinical parameters and PROMs will provide a more comprehensive assessment of periodontal treatments.


Asunto(s)
Periodoncia , Pérdida de Diente , Humanos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
5.
Braz Oral Res ; 35(Supp 2): e102, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586216

RESUMEN

In the last five decades, considerable progress has been made towards understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of periodontal diseases and their interactions with the host. The impact of an individual periodontal condition on systemic homeostasis became more evident because of this knowledge and prompted advances in studies that associate periodontitis with systemic diseases and conditions. The term Periodontal Medicine describes how periodontal infection/inflammation can affect extraoral health. This review presents the current scientific evidence on the most investigated associations between periodontitis and systemic diseases and conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, preterm birth and low birth weight, and pneumonia. Additionally, other associations between periodontitis and chronic inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal cancer, and Alzheimer's disease that were recently published and are still poorly studied were described. Thus, the aim of this review was to answer the following question: What is the future of Periodontal Medicine? Epidemiological evidence and the evidence of biological plausibility between periodontitis and general health reinforce the rationale that the study of Periodontal Medicine should continue to advance, along with improvements in the epidemiological method, highlighting the statistical power of the studies, the method for data analysis, the case definition of periodontitis, and the type of periodontal therapy to be applied in intervention studies.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Enfermedades Periodontales , Periodontitis , Nacimiento Prematuro , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Enfermedades Periodontales/epidemiología , Enfermedades Periodontales/terapia , Periodoncia , Periodontitis/epidemiología , Periodontitis/terapia , Embarazo
7.
J Periodontol ; 92(10): 1496-1498, 2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490630
8.
J Prosthet Dent ; 126(3): 276-359, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489050

RESUMEN

The Scientific Investigation Committee of the American Academy of Restorative Dentistry offers this review of the 2020 professional literature in restorative dentistry to inform busy dentists regarding noteworthy scientific and clinical progress over the past year. Each member of the committee brings discipline-specific expertise to this work to cover this broad topic. Specific subject areas addressed include prosthodontics; periodontics, alveolar bone, and peri-implant tissues; implant dentistry; dental materials and therapeutics; occlusion and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs); sleep-related breathing disorders; oral medicine and oral and maxillofacial surgery; and dental caries and cariology. The authors focused their efforts on reporting information likely to influence day-to-day dental treatment decisions with a keen eye on future trends in the profession. With the tremendous volume of dentistry and related literature being published today, this review cannot possibly be comprehensive. The purpose is to update interested readers and provide important resource material for those interested in pursuing greater detail. It remains our intent to assist colleagues in navigating the extensive volume of important information being published annually. It is our hope that readers find this work useful in successfully managing the dental patients they encounter.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Atención Odontológica , Materiales Dentales , Humanos , Periodoncia , Prostodoncia , Estados Unidos
9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9979948, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337068

RESUMEN

Objectives: This study presents a discussion on the fundamentals of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and its use as a diagnostic tool in periodontology. Materials and Methods: A computer-aided as well as hand-made search in PubMed and Scopus indexed journals (relevant to the topic) was done by keywords of molecular technique in periodontology, PCR, applications of PCR, and PCR in periodontics. Only the papers in the English language and outlining PCR and its association with periodontology were collected and utilized to provide a succinct review. There was no limitation for publication time. Results: The results of our search showed that PCR has turned into a standard in diagnosis in the field of periodontology. A variety of researches has demonstrated that its sensitive, and specific characteristics make it a quick and effective technique of recognition, identification, and quantification of microorganisms. Identification of various immunoinflammatory markers at the mRNA expression level as well as ascertaining gene-related polymorphisms can also be performed. Conclusions: The mechanisms of periodontal disease can further become clarified using PCR. Clinical Relevance. PCR as a diagnostic method can play a main part in the validation of the clinical diagnosis of periodontal disease indicating the reason, pathogenesis, clinical steps, progress, and prognosis of the disease.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Periodoncia , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa/métodos , Biomarcadores/análisis , Humanos , Enfermedades Periodontales/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Periodontales/genética , Polimorfismo Genético
10.
Periodontol 2000 ; 87(1): 132-142, 2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463990

RESUMEN

Women are particularly susceptible to developing gingival problems during pregnancy. In addition, periodontal disease in pregnant women may lead to adverse outcomes for both mother and infant, which have serious clinical and public health implications. Both scenarios have been extensively researched, helping to bring attention to pregnant women as an important and vulnerable population as it concerns periodontal health. The increase in gingival inflammation caused by hormonal changes in pregnant women is undisputed and has been studied and documented since the 1960s, although the exact etiology is not fully understood. The relationship between periodontal disease during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes is less substantiated, because of conflicting evidence. This review of the biomedical and epidemiologic literature provides an overview of both sides of this relationship and examines the potential mechanisms for developing periodontal disease during pregnancy and the proposed mechanisms by which periodontal disease leads to adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Periodontales , Complicaciones del Embarazo , Nacimiento Prematuro , Femenino , Humanos , Enfermedades Periodontales/epidemiología , Periodoncia , Embarazo , Complicaciones del Embarazo/epidemiología , Resultado del Embarazo/epidemiología , Nacimiento Prematuro/epidemiología
11.
Br Dent J ; 231(3): 163-168, 2021 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385643

RESUMEN

Periodontal disease is considered to increase in prevalence around adolescence, owing to pubertal hormonal changes, early presentation in at-risk individuals and the challenges in maintaining patient motivation at this age. Adolescence provides the ideal stage of dental development for orthodontic assessment. Active periodontal disease can increase tooth mobility during orthodontic treatment. Therefore, it is essential that children and adolescents have appropriate and timely periodontal screening before commencing orthodontic treatment. The British Society of Periodontology and the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry recommend a modified Basic Periodontal Examination (BPE) assessing index teeth for paediatric patients.This paper will summarise the recommended paediatric periodontal assessment and review a case which highlights the need for routine periodontal examination of orthodontic patients, by both general dental practitioners and orthodontists, to identify patients at risk for periodontal disease. The modified BPE for this younger cohort is simple and allows for rapid screening of periodontal disease. Where it is needed, further detailed examination and treatment can then be initiated to prevent exacerbation of an existing problem.


Asunto(s)
Odontólogos , Enfermedades Periodontales , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Enfermedades Periodontales/diagnóstico , Índice Periodontal , Periodoncia , Rol Profesional
12.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236451

RESUMEN

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory noncommunicable disease that affects all parts of the periodontium and causes irreversible damage. It is estimated that around 10 million people in Germany suffer from severe forms of periodontitis. The disease usually shows few or only mild symptoms over many years, which are often not perceived or correctly classified by the patient. A lack of awareness could lead to dental treatment being sought in an advanced stage of the disease when extensive therapeutic measures have become necessary and the prognosis for tooth retention has worsened. The periodontal screening index (PSI) is a simple and rapid tool that is used to assess the level of further examination needed. The index is now carried out on many patients. However, the number of treatments remain low and behind what is necessary to reduce the existing burden of periodontitis. Every dental practice must be able to implement periodontal therapy in their clinical setting. Periodontal specialists can support general dentists significantly, especially in the treatment of severe forms of periodontitis. This requires an upgrading of the subject in university education, but also an increasing postgraduate differentiation of specialized dentists for periodontology. The new treatment guidelines for PAR (periodontal) therapy allow periodontal treatment on the basis of internationally recognized scientific standards and thus improve the framework conditions for therapy in the dental practice.


Asunto(s)
Periodontitis , Enfermedad Crónica , Alemania , Humanos , Periodoncia , Periodontitis/diagnóstico , Periodontitis/epidemiología , Periodontitis/terapia
13.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(2 Suppl. 1): 97-105, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281306

RESUMEN

Bibliometric Analysis researches and analyses the quantitative data derived from scientific publications through the empirical evidence of scientific activity generated by collaborating authors through the final product of their research: the scientific article. In scientific society, the concept of impact factor is probably the most widely used in bibliometric construction. To assess the scientometrics of three high-impact factor periodontal journals and identify the contribution of India in these most productive journals over three years (Jan 2018 - Dec 2020) and to know the most influential topics researched. A retrospective observational study was conducted for the Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontology, and Journal of Periodontal Research. All issues of 2018, 2019, and 2020 were electronically and hand searched for the following parameters: Number of papers, affiliated organizations, and countries, topics reported, and contribution of Indian authors. The data were organized and analyzed with descriptive statistics using SPSS software (version 21.0). In total 469 articles were published by Journal of Periodontology, followed by 454 articles in Journal of Clinical Periodontology and 287 articles in Journal of Periodontal Research. In all the three journals, China had the maximum contributions, succeeded by USA. India has published maximum number of articles in the Journal of Periodontal Research. When analysed, although less as compared to the western counterparts, an increasing trend in the publications is seen in case of India.


Asunto(s)
Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Bibliometría , China , India , Periodoncia
14.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 363, 2021 07 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289842

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The enrollment of international periodontal students in U.S. dental schools has been increasing in recent years. Interest in applying to a periodontics specialty program may differ between U.S and international dental school graduates. The purpose of this study is to assess, from the perspective of periodontal residents, (1) factors that interest dental students to apply to periodontics programs and (2) differences in background and interest between U.S and international graduates. METHODS: A 20-question survey was sent out electronically to periodontics residents. The survey questions were designed to obtain information on the participants' backgrounds, factors that influenced them to specialize in periodontics, and their preferred features of graduate periodontics programs. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics for socio-demographic variables, a Wilcoxon two sample test to compare mean Likert scale scores, and Fisher's exact test for associations between comparison groups. RESULTS: Of the two hundred residents invited to participate, 28% responded. The majority of the respondents stated that interest in implantology, previous exposure to periodontal procedures, interest in improving periodontal surgery skills, a good relationship with periodontics faculty, the residency curriculum, advanced program and faculty reputation as influencing factors in selecting periodontics as specialization. The majority of international graduates have up to $50,000 dollars in student debt; by comparison, half of the domestic graduates have a debt of over $250,000 dollars (p ≤ 0.05). Working experience as a dentist was significantly greater among international residents (73%) in comparison to U.S graduates (32%). In contrast with international graduates, U.S graduates more frequent reported that good relationships with the periodontics predoctoral faculty contributed to their interest in periodontics (p ≤ 0.05). Program cost and location had a greater impact on the decision of U.S. graduates than international graduates (p ≤ 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, factors associated with personal finance and predoctoral education have a greater impact on the decision of American graduates than international graduates to pursue an advanced education in periodontics, which may influence the increased enrollment of international students.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Posgrado en Odontología , Periodoncia , Odontólogos , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Facultades de Odontología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos
15.
Arch. health invest ; 10(7): 1119-1124, July 2021. tab
Artículo en Portugués | BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1344561

RESUMEN

Objetivos: O estabelecimento do diagnóstico clínico periodontal tem como base a avaliação de parâmetros clínicos por meio da sondagem periodontal, sendo através desses resultados que o Cirurgião Dentista fará a melhor escolha de tratamento. Porém, possíveis erros encontrados na padronização das sondas periodontais podem levar a um plano de tratamento inadequado e/ou ineficiente. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a padronização de seis sondas periodontais do tipo Williams e seis sondas do tipo OMS de diferentes marcas comerciais. Materiais e Métodos: Com o auxílio de um paquímetro digital e de uma balança digital de alta precisão, foi avaliado o peso da sonda, o diâmetro do cabo, o diâmetro da ponta ativa/esfera, e distância das marcações. Além disso, foi feito uma comparação dos preços de cada sonda, para que fosse possível se avaliar o custo/benefício de cada sonda periodontal. Resultados: Os resultados demonstraram que as sondas das seis marcas comerciais avaliadas, tanto das sondas do tipo OMS quanto do tipo Williams apresentaram algum tipo de distorção em relação às medidas consideradas ideais pela OMS (Organização Mundial da Saúde). Conclusão: As sondas da marca Hu-Friedy, tanto do tipo OMS quanto Williams, apresentaram melhores marcações milimetradas entre todas as marcas avaliadas(AU)


Objectives: The establishment of the periodontal clinical diagnosis is based on the evaluation of clinical parameters throughperiodontal probing, and through these results the dentist will make the best treatment choice. However, possible errors found inthe standardization of periodontal probes may lead to an inadequate and/or inefficient treatment plan. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the standardization of six Williams-type periodontal probes and six WHO-type probes of different trademarks. Materials and Methods: With the aid of a digital caliper and a high precision digital scale, the weight of the probe, the cable diameter, the active tip/sphere diameter, and the distance of the markings were evaluated. In addition, a price comparison of each probe was made, so that the cost/benefit of each periodontal probe could be evaluated. Results: The results showed that the probes of the six evaluated trademarks of both the WHO and Williams probes presented some kind of distortion in relation to the measures considered ideal by the WHO (World Health Organization). Conclusion: The Hu-Friedy probes,both WHO and Williams, had better millimeter markings among all evaluated brands(AU)


Objetivos: El establecimiento del diagnóstico clínico periodontal se basa en la evaluación de parámetros clínicos mediante sondaje periodontal, y es a través de estos resultados que el odontólogo tomará la mejor opción de tratamiento. Sin embargo, los posibles errores encontrados en la estandarización de las sondas periodontales pueden dar lugar a un plan de tratamiento inadecuado y/o ineficaz. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la estandarización de seis sondas periodontales tipo Williams y seis sondas tipo OMS de diferentes marcas comerciales. Materiales y Métodos: Con la ayuda de un calibre digital y una balanza digital de alta precisión, se evaluó el peso de la sonda, el diámetro del cable, el diámetro de la punta / esferaactiva y la distancia de las marcas. Además, se realizó una comparación de los precios de cada sonda, de manera que se pudo evaluar el costo/beneficio de cada sonda periodontal. Resultados: Los resultados mostraron que las sondas de las seis marcas comerciales evaluadas, tanto del tipoOMS como del tipo Williams, presentaron algún tipo de distorsión en relación a las medidas consideradas ideales por la OMS (Organización Mundial de la Salud). Conclusión: Las sondas de la marca Hu-Friedy, tanto del tipo OMS como Williams, presentaron mejores marcas en milímetros entre todas las marcas evaluadas(AU)


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Periodontales/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Periodontales/terapia , Periodoncia/instrumentación , Sonda , Enfermedades Periodontales , Instrumentos Dentales
16.
Br Dent J ; 230(11): 752, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117431
17.
Dent Mater J ; 40(4): 839-852, 2021 Jul 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121025

RESUMEN

The aim of the systematic review was to analyze the use of combination of bone substitutes and vectors in periodontology and implantology among animals models and humans. Electronic databases were searched, and additional hand search was performed. The research strategy was achieved according to the PRISMA guidelines. The including criteria were: combination of bone substitutes and vectors, in vivo studies, a precise number of specimens, histological and radiographic analysis, written in English. The risk of bias was evaluated for individual studies. Thirty-two articles were selected and investigated in this systematic review. The results do not show a superiority of the use of composite biomaterial in comparison with simple biomaterial but suggest the efficacity of their utilization as a carrier of bioactive agents. Future studies need to identify the suitable association of bone substitutes and vectors and explore interest in their use such as the support of growth factors.


Asunto(s)
Sustitutos de Huesos , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles , Humanos , Periodoncia
18.
J Dent Educ ; 85(10): 1627-1639, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955000

RESUMEN

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Using the periodontal diseases classification published in 2018, this study evaluated the level of agreement among predoctoral and postgraduate students of different education levels and specialties in the diagnosis and treatment planning of periodontal conditions. METHODS: Second-year (D2) and fourth-year (D4) dental students, postgraduate orthodontic students (OS), and periodontology students (PS) were presented with an anonymous survey of 10 cases, each with five choices of diagnosis and seven therapeutic approaches. The cases included a patient summary, photographs, radiographs, periodontal charting, and ranged from health to periodontitis. Consensus diagnosis, used as a gold standard, was established between two experienced periodontists. Diagnosis and treatment choices for each case were compared across educational groups using Fisher's exact test. The level of agreement among educational groups was assessed using a multirater kappa coefficient. RESULTS: The survey was completed in 2020 with a 72.4% overall response rate (57-D2, 45-D4, 17-OS, and 12-PS). The overall level of agreement on diagnosis was fair (κ = 0.24, p <.0001) with PS showing the most agreement (κ = 0.55, p <.0001). There were tendencies to prioritize stage over grade and extent in assigning diagnoses and to overdiagnose disease severity and underdiagnose localized periodontitis. Nonsurgical periodontal therapies had the highest overall agreement (κ = 0.63 for scaling/root planing and κ = 0.44 for maintenance, p <.0001). Response distribution per case and per level of education indicated that PS more consistently agreed with the gold standard than any other group. CONCLUSIONS: OS, D2, and D4 students demonstrated inferior agreement levels compared to PS, successfully recognized health from disease, suggested appropriate treatment plans, and tended to overdiagnose milder periodontal conditions.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Periodontales , Raspado Dental , Educación en Odontología , Humanos , Enfermedades Periodontales/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Periodontales/terapia , Periodoncia , Aplanamiento de la Raíz
19.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(3)2021 Mar 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802358

RESUMEN

Periodontitis is among the most common health conditions and represents a major public health issue related to increasing prevalence and seriously negative socioeconomic impacts. Periodontitis-associated low-grade systemic inflammation and its pathological interplay with systemic conditions additionally raises awareness on the necessity for highly performant strategies for the prevention and management of periodontitis. Periodontal diagnosis is the backbone of a successful periodontal strategy, since prevention and treatment plans depend on the accuracy and precision of the respective diagnostics. Periodontal diagnostics is still founded on clinical and radiological parameters that provide limited therapeutic guidance due to the multifactorial complexity of periodontal pathology, which is why biomarkers have been introduced for the first time in the new classification of periodontal and peri-implant conditions as a first step towards precision periodontics. Since the driving forces of precision medicine are represented by biomarkers and machine learning algorithms, with the lack of periodontal markers validated for diagnostic use, the implementation of a precision medicine approach in periodontology remains in the very initial stage. This narrative review elaborates the unmet diagnostic needs in periodontal diagnostics, the concept of precision periodontics, periodontal biomarkers, and a roadmap toward the implementation of a precision medicine approach in periodontal practice.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Periodontales , Periodontitis , Atención Odontológica , Humanos , Enfermedades Periodontales/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Periodontales/terapia , Periodoncia , Periodontitis/diagnóstico , Periodontitis/terapia , Medicina de Precisión
20.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250340

RESUMEN

Introducción: El uso de plasma rico en plaquetas para la regeneración de defectos óseos periodontales constituye una terapéutica eficaz. Objetivo: Identificar la evolución de pacientes con lesiones endoperiodontales tratados con plasma rico en plaquetas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y longitudinal de 11 adultos con enfermedad endoperiodontal y tratamiento endodóntico finalizado, atendidos en la consulta de Periodoncia y Medicina Regenerativa del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, desde febrero del 2018 hasta diciembre del 2019, quienes requerían intervención quirúrgica periodontal y cumplían los criterios para recibir plasma rico en plaquetas. A tal efecto, se analizaron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas, radiográficas y de respuesta terapéutica, las que fueron expresadas estadísticamente por medio de frecuencias absolutas y relativas y de la media aritmética. Resultados: En la serie resultaron más frecuentes, antes de la terapia, el sangrado al sondaje (81,8 %), las características alteradas de las encías (72,7 %), la movilidad dentaria (72,7 %) y las bolsas periodontales de 7 a 9 milímetros, con pérdida ósea en el tercio apical (63,6 %); todo lo cual se revirtió a menores porcentajes luego de 6 meses de tratamiento. Conclusiones: La evolución de los pacientes afectados por lesiones periodontales fue satisfactoria con el empleo del plasma rico en plaquetas, lo que se evidenció clínica y radiográficamente.


Introduction: The use of platelets rich-plasm for the regeneration of periodontal bony defects constitutes an effective therapy. Objective: To identify the clinical course of patients with endoperiodontal lesions treated with platelets rich-plasm. Methods: An observational, descriptive and longitudinal study of 11 adults with endoperiodontal disease and concluded endodontics treatment was carried out. They were assisted in the Periodontics and Regenerative Medicine Service of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from February, 2018 to December, 2019; who required periodontal surgical intervention and fulfilled the approaches to receive platelets rich-plasm. To such an effect, sociodemographic, clinical, radiographic and of therapeutic response variables were analyzed, which were statistically expressed by means of absolute and relative frequencies and of mean arithmetic. Results: In the series, bleeding on probing (81.8 %), altered characteristics of the gums (72.7 %), dental mobility (72.7 %) and 7 to 9 millimeters periodontal bags, with bony loss in the third apical (63.6 %) were more frequent before therapy; all of which was reverted to lower percentages after 6 months of treatment. Conclusions: The clinical course of the patients affected by periodontal lesions was satisfactory with the use of platelets rich-plasm, which was clinical and radiographically evidenced.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Periodontales/terapia , Regeneración Ósea , Plasma Rico en Plaquetas , Periodoncia , Adulto , Endodoncia , Proloterapia
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