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1.
Comput Human Behav ; 138: 107424, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945974

RESUMO

Background: There has been growing evidence of comorbidity between internet addiction and depression in youth during the COVID-19 period. According to the network theory, this may arise from the interplay of symptoms shared by these two mental disorders. Therefore, we examined this underlying process by measuring the changes in the central and bridge symptoms of the co-occurrence networks across time. Methods: A total of 852 Chinese college students were recruited during two waves (T1: August 2020; T2: November 2020), and reported their internet addiction symptoms and depressive symptoms. Network analysis was utilized for the statistical analysis. Results: The internet addiction symptoms "escape" and "irritable," and depression symptoms "energy" and "guilty" were the central symptoms for both waves. At the same time, "guilty" and "escape" were identified as bridge symptoms. Notably, the correlation between "anhedonia" and "withdrawal" significantly increased, and that between "guilty" and "escape" significantly decreased over time. Conclusions: This study provides novel insights into the central features of internet addiction and depression during the two stages. Interestingly, "guilty" and "escape," two functions of the defense mechanism, are identified as bridge symptoms. These two symptoms are suggested to activate the negative feedback loop and further contribute to the comorbidity between internet addiction and depression. Thus, targeting interventions on these internalized symptoms may contribute to alleviating the level of comorbidity among college students.

2.
Pers Individ Dif ; 200: 111867, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35999958

RESUMO

Research suggests that specific behavior patterns may be related with the outcome and vulnerability of a COVID-19 infection; nevertheless, much of this information has been obtained by means of psychological paradigms that are not based on research conducted using experimental designs. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to identify behavior patterns associated with COVID-19 outcome and vulnerability from the point of view of the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory. A total of 464 college students from Mexico-City participated in the study. Participants answered the Behavior Inhibition, Behavior Activation scales (Carver & White, 1994), the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory Personality Questionnaire (Corr & Cooper, 2016) and a COVID-19 symptom checklist. Data showed that those individuals who respond in an enthusiastic way to rewards develop less symptoms of COVID-19. Additionally, individuals who are keen in the exploration and identification of new rewarding opportunities are less likely to develop a COVID-19 infection. Both findings suggest that a potent Behavior Activation System could protect individuals during the present pandemic. These results are in general agreement with others produced within the same framework.

3.
Pers Individ Dif ; 200: 111869, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36034720

RESUMO

Self-determination theory proposes that intrinsic aspirations protect against negative mental health outcomes by satisfying people's basic psychological needs of autonomy, relatedness, and competence. The present study investigated this relationship using two four-wave prospective longitudinal studies which followed undergraduate students across the Canadian academic calendar (September to May). The first was conducted across 2018-19 and the second across 2019-20. By comparing these two samples, we examined whether baseline levels of intrinsic aspirations moderated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the development of depressive symptoms. Three main findings emerged, the first being that students reported higher levels of depressive symptoms in Spring 2020 than in Spring 2019. Second, students with more intrinsic aspirations in the pre-pandemic sample (2018-19) experienced fewer depressive symptoms from December to May while students with more intrinsic aspirations in the pandemic sample (2019-20) experienced more depressive symptoms during this period. Lastly, the latter relationship was mediated by need frustration, whereby students with higher levels of intrinsic aspirations experienced greater need frustration during the pandemic year. Together, these findings suggest that although intrinsic aspirations typically protect against negative psychological outcomes, the unique need frustrating context of the pandemic made them a risk factor for depression.

4.
Travel Behav Soc ; 30: 105-117, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118265

RESUMO

Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, authorities around the world explored ways to slowdown the spread of the disease while maintaining the physical and mental health of individuals. They redistributed the street space to promote physical activity and non-motorized travel while meeting the social distancing requirements. Although the statistics showed significant increases in walking and bicycling trips during the pandemic, we have limited knowledge about the associations between built environment characteristics, COVID-19 infection risk perception while traveling, and subjective well-being. This study assesses the impacts of the built environment on subjective well-being and infection risk perception while traveling during the pandemic. It uses data collected from the residents of Columbus, Ohio, through a multi-wave survey conducted at different time points during the COVID-19 outbreak. By employing a structural equation modeling approach, it explores the associations between residential neighborhood characteristics, individuals' subjective well-being, and perceived infection risk while using non-motorized modes and shared micromobility. The findings show that those living in more compact, accessible, and walkable neighborhoods are less likely to perceive active travel and shared micromobility as risky in terms of COVID-19 infection. Our results also show that built environment characteristics have an indirect positive effect on the subjective well-being of individuals. The findings of our study demonstrate that built environment interventions can help promote physical activity and support mental health of individuals at this critical time. Our study also indicates that designing compact neighborhoods will be a crucial element of pandemic resilient cities in the post-COVID-19 era.

5.
Comput Human Behav ; 138: 107486, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120514

RESUMO

Based on a regional survey conducted in five cities of China (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, and Wuhan) in January 2020 and a national survey experiment conducted in 31 provinces of China in December 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, we investigated the intentions for the misinformed, uninformed, and informed individuals to spread COVID-19 related (mis)information online and the psychological factors affecting their distinct sharing behaviors. We found that (1) both misinformed and uninformed individuals were more likely to spread misinformation and less likely to share fact as compared with the informed ones; (2) the reasons for the misinformed individuals to spread misinformation resembled those for the informed ones to share truth, but the uninformed ones shared misinformation based on different motivations; and (3) information that arouses positive emotions were more likely to go viral than that arouses negative feelings in the context of COVID-19, regardless of facticity. The implications of these findings were discussed in terms of how people react to misinformation when coping with risk, and intervention strategies were proposed to combat COVID-19 or other types of misinformation in risk scenarios.

6.
Int J Clin Health Psychol ; 23(1): 100339, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36168598

RESUMO

Introduction: Ageism and loneliness are two relevant public health phenomena because of their negative impact on the senior's mental health. With the increase in average life expectancy, these tend to co-occur, which may increase the psychological distress (PD) of seniors. Resilience has been shown to be an important protective factor of seniors mental health, although its potential buffering role of public health risk factors with cumulative impact on mental health, such as loneliness and ageism, needs to be more studied. Aim: To assess the potential mediator role of resilience between the effects of ageism and loneliness on PD in seniors. Methods: A sample of 349 Portuguese seniors aged 60 years and over was collected through an online survey and during the COVID-19 pandemic period. Seniors completed the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6), the Short-Form of UCLA Loneliness Scale (USL-6), the Ambivalent Ageism Scale (AAS) and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10). A mediation analysis model was developed with resilience as a mediating variable. Results: There were moderate to high levels of PD and moderate levels of ageism, loneliness and resilience. Resilience fully mediated the effect of ageism on PD and partially mediated the effect of loneliness on PD. Conclusions: Resilience was an important protective factor of mental health against the effects of ageism, and partially protected mental health from the effects of loneliness among seniors. It is suggested that resilience be considered as a factor to be integrated in future intervention programs for mental health. The practical applicability of this study is discussed.

7.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 933-951, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182196

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an unprecedented worldwide health crisis. Many previous research studies have found and investigated its links with one or some natural or human environmental factors. However, a review on the relationship between COVID-19 incidence and both the natural and human environment is still lacking. This review summarizes the inter-correlation between COVID-19 incidence and environmental factors. Based on keyword searching, we reviewed 100 relevant peer-reviewed articles and other research literature published since January 2020. This review is focused on three main findings. One, we found that individual environmental factors have impacts on COVID-19 incidence, but with spatial heterogeneity and uncertainty. Two, environmental factors exert interactive effects on COVID-19 incidence. In particular, the interactions of natural factors can affect COVID-19 transmission in micro- and macro- ways by impacting SARS-CoV-2 survival, as well as human mobility and behaviors. Three, the impact of COVID-19 incidence on the environment lies in the fact that COVID-19-induced lockdowns caused air quality improvement, wildlife shifts and socio-economic depression. The additional value of this review is that we recommend future research perspectives and adaptation strategies regarding the interactions of the environment and COVID-19. Future research should be extended to cover both the effects of the environment on the COVID-19 pandemic and COVID-19-induced impacts on the environment. Future adaptation strategies should focus on sustainable environmental and public policy responses.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
8.
J Bus Res ; 154: 113259, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089927

RESUMO

Organizations shifted employees to a work from home schedule as a protective health measure during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper depicts the path through which the abrupt workplace disruptions can trigger employees' perceptions of felt mistrust, intensify work to life conflict, and cause a psychological contract breach. In study 1, we conducted an experiment with 133 college students and found that switching to a work from home schedule with enhanced supervisor control increased the psychological contract breach through felt mistrust. In Study 2, we surveyed 239 adults who worked from home during the pandemic. Results underline the role of work to life conflict as a mediator through which disruptions and felt mistrust influenced the breach of psychological contract. Further, coping strategies were found to mitigate this detrimental effect. Overall, our findings suggest that sudden shifts in management practices can challenge workplace relationships during environmental shocks.

9.
Pers Individ Dif ; 200: 111893, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089997

RESUMO

Awareness of the potential psychological significance of false news increased during the coronavirus pandemic, however, its impact on psychopathology and individual differences remains unclear. Acknowledging this, the authors investigated the psychological and psychopathological profiles that characterize fake news consumption. A total of 1452 volunteers from the general population with no previous psychiatric history participated. They responded to clinical psychopathology assessment tests. Respondents solved a fake news screening test, which allowed them to be allocated to a quasi-experimental condition: group 1 (non-fake news consumers) or group 2 (fake news consumers). Mean comparison, Bayesian inference, and multiple regression analyses were applied. Participants with a schizotypal, paranoid, and histrionic personality were ineffective at detecting fake news. They were also more vulnerable to suffer its negative effects. Specifically, they displayed higher levels of anxiety and committed more cognitive biases based on suggestibility and the Barnum Effect. No significant effects on psychotic symptomatology or affective mood states were observed. Corresponding to these outcomes, two clinical and therapeutic recommendations related to the reduction of the Barnum Effect and the reinterpretation of digital media sensationalism were made. The impact of fake news and possible ways of prevention are discussed.

10.
J Comput Appl Math ; 419: 114624, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966169

RESUMO

Within two years, the world has experienced a pandemic phenomenon that changed almost everything in the macro and micro-environment; the economy, the community's social life, education, and many other fields. Governments started to collaborate with health institutions and the WHO to control the pandemic spread, followed by many regulations such as wearing masks, maintaining social distance, and home office work. While the virus has a high transmission rate and shows many mutated forms, another discussion appeared in the community: the fear of getting infected and the side effects of the produced vaccines. The community started to face uncertain information spread through some networks keeping the discussions of side effects on-trend. However, this pollution spread confused the community more and activated multi fears related to the virus and the vaccines. This paper establishes a mathematical model of COVID-19, including the community's fear of getting infected and the possible side effects of the vaccines. These fears appeared from uncertain information spread through some social sources. Our primary target is to show the psychological effect on the community during the pandemic stage. The theoretical study contains the existence and uniqueness of the IVP and, after that, the local stability analysis of both equilibrium points, the disease-free and the positive equilibrium point. Finally, we show the global asymptotic stability holds under specific conditions using a suitable Lyapunov function. In the end, we conclude our theoretical findings with some simulations.

11.
J Bus Res ; 154: 113330, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36188112

RESUMO

In the management of the global COVID-19 pandemic, the mandated closure of workplaces and stay-at-home orders have forced workers to adapt to a prolonged period of unplanned telecommuting, which we term epidemic-induced telecommuting. Although epidemic-induced telecommuting has drastically altered how work is conducted, scant attention is being paid to this emerging work arrangement. To this end, we combine psychological reactance theory and person-environment fit theory to advance the concept of misfit between worker and environment as a core determinant of employees' work experience in the epidemic-induced telecommuting. Particularly, we distinguish between supply-value and demand-ability misfits as constraints on workers' freedom at work. Having analyzed data collected through a survey administered on remote workers, we discovered that both misfits positively influenced workers' perceived psychological reactance, which led to work exhaustion and counter-productive behaviors. We also found that the utilization of collaborative technologies moderated the effects of misfit on workers' psychological reactance.

12.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0214, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387928

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction With the repeated covid-19 epidemic, people have gradually realized the importance of physical exercise, so the sports enthusiasm of young students has also been improved to a certain extent. Objective Analyze the sports behavior and status in adolescent students under the background of covid-19. Methods A questionnaire survey was used in this paper. The questionnaire design is carried out from three aspects: current exercise status, changes of physical exercise, and sports behavior motivation of young students. Results Students and parents prefer exercises at home or in the open space of a relatively safe and single community, choosing non-contact sports that can be completed by a single person or are far away from each other. Improvement in both frequency and duration of exercise was observed in the young students, and most had a gain in psychological quality. Conclusion Physical education teachers must fully match the actual situation of the epidemic's current development by choosing effective teaching methods to promote the continuous development of young students' physical quality. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução Com a repetida epidemia da covid-19, as pessoas foram gradualmente percebendo a importância do exercício físico e um crescimento no engajamento esportivo entre os jovens estudantes foi observado. Objetivo Analisar o comportamento e o status esportivo dos estudantes adolescentes sob o contexto da covid-19. Métodos Este trabalho utilizou uma pesquisa por questionário com desenho realizado a partir de três aspectos: estado atual do exercício físico, alterações do exercício físico, e motivação do comportamento esportivo nos jovens estudantes. Resultados Os estudantes e seus pais preferem exercícios em casa ou em espaço aberto relativamente seguro e isolado, escolhendo esportes sem contato que podem ser realizados por uma única pessoa ou em que estejam longe um do outro. Observou-se uma melhora tanto na frequência quanto na duração dos exercícios físicos dos jovens estudantes e a maioria teve um ganho na qualidade psicológica. Conclusão Os professores de educação física devem combinar plenamente a situação real do atual desenvolvimento da epidemia escolhendo métodos de ensino eficazes que promovam o desenvolvimento contínuo da qualidade física dos jovens estudantes. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Con la repetida epidemia del covid-19, la gente se fue dando cuenta de la importancia del ejercicio físico y se observó un aumento del interés por el deporte entre los jóvenes estudiantes. Objetivo Analizar el comportamiento y la situación deportiva de los estudiantes adolescentes en el contexto del covid-19. Métodos Este trabajo utilizó una encuesta con diseño de cuestionario realizada desde tres aspectos: estado actual del ejercicio, cambios de ejercicio y motivación del comportamiento deportivo en jóvenes estudiantes. Resultados Los estudiantes y sus padres prefieren hacer ejercicio en casa o en un espacio abierto relativamente seguro y aislado, eligiendo deportes sin contacto que puedan ser realizados por una sola persona o donde estén alejados unos de otros. Se observó una mejora tanto en la frecuencia como en la duración del ejercicio en los jóvenes estudiantes y la mayoría tuvo una ganancia en la calidad psicológica. Conclusión Los profesores de educación física deben ajustarse plenamente a la situación real del desarrollo actual de la epidemia eligiendo métodos de enseñanza eficaces que promuevan el desarrollo continuo de la calidad física de los jóvenes estudiantes. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

13.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0164, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394828

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: Sports play an important role in maintaining community health, positively impacting the immune system. Behind the scenes of COVID-19 prevention, the value of exercise has been recognized in both individual and collective health needs. Yet, a current scenario of its use and psychosocial impact has to be documented. Objective: Study the impact of COVID-19 disease on group sports activities and explore residents' social and psychological aspects. Methods: This paper adopts the online survey method by distributing relevant questionnaires to urban residents analyzing the current frequency of group sports activities, individual hobbies, and group sports activities, their distribution areas, organization, and the impacts generated by the pandemic. Results: The surveyed subjects in the study area have good physical activity habits. Male residents prefer ball games, and female residents prefer activities that explore relaxation and communication. Group sports activities have more followers. Conclusion: Despite the good habits verified in the majority of the population, it is necessary to improve outdoor facilities and indoor sports training places and establish a good system for disseminating information about the social-psychological service. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Os esportes desempenham um papel importante na manutenção da saúde comunitária, com impactos positivos no sistema imunológico. Nos bastidores da prevenção da COVID-19, o valor do exercício foi reconhecido tanto nas necessidades individuais quanto coletivas de saúde, porém um cenário atual de sua utilização e seu impacto psicossocial ainda não foram documentados. Objetivo: Estudar o impacto da doença COVID-19 nas atividades esportivas em grupo e explorar os aspectos sociais e psicológicos dos moradores. Métodos: Este artigo adota o método de survey online, distribuindo questionários relevantes aos moradores urbanos analisando a frequência atual das atividades esportivas em grupo, os hobbies individuais e as atividades esportivas em grupo, bem como suas áreas de distribuição, organização e os impactos gerados pela pandemia. Resultados: Os sujeitos pesquisados na área de estudo possuem bons hábitos de atividade física. Os residentes do sexo masculino tendem a preferir jogos de bola enquanto as mulheres preferem atividades que exploram o relaxamento e a comunicação. As atividades esportivas em grupo possuem mais adeptos. Conclusão: Apesar dos bons hábitos verificados na maioria da população, faz-se necessária a necessidade de aprimorar as instalações ao ar livre e nos locais de treino esportivo interno, além de estabelecer um bom sistema de divulgação nas informações sobre o serviço psicológico social. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El deporte desempeña un papel importante en el mantenimiento de la salud de la comunidad, con impactos positivos en el sistema inmunológico. Entre los antecedentes de la prevención del COVID-19, se ha reconocido el valor del ejercicio en las necesidades de salud tanto individuales como colectivas, sin embargo aún no se ha documentado un escenario actual de su uso y su impacto psicosocial. Objetivo: Estudiar el impacto de la enfermedad COVID-19 en las actividades deportivas de grupo y explorar los aspectos sociales y psicológicos de los residentes. Métodos: Este trabajo adopta el método de encuesta en línea mediante la distribución de cuestionarios pertinentes a los residentes urbanos que analizan la frecuencia actual de las actividades deportivas en grupo, las aficiones individuales y las actividades deportivas en grupo, así como sus áreas de distribución, la organización y los impactos generados por la pandemia. Resultados: Los sujetos encuestados en el área de estudio tienen buenos hábitos de actividad física. Los residentes masculinos tienden a preferir los juegos de pelota, mientras que las mujeres prefieren actividades que exploren la relajación y la comunicación. Las actividades deportivas en grupo tienen más seguidores. Conclusión: A pesar de los buenos hábitos constatados en la mayoría de la población, es necesario mejorar las instalaciones exteriores y los lugares de entrenamiento deportivo interior, además de establecer un buen sistema de difusión en la información sobre el servicio psicológico social. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

14.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0155, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394830

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: China's covid-19 epidemic is under control. Universities and schools across the country have resumed physical education classes, but the mental health knowledge of college students in the aftermath of the covid-19 outbreak has not been investigated. Objective: To study college students' mental health and sports-related habits after the covid-19 outbreak. Methods: This study comprehensively used literature materials, expert interviews, mathematical statistics, and other methods to study the sports-related attitudes and health awareness of college students before and after the outbreak of the new epidemic, examining the health knowledge domain of college students. Results: In the survey dimensions related to students' sports knowledge, the highest mean score was for "emotional control" at 3.48, followed by "participation motivation" at 3.41 and "participation attitude" at 3.35. The scores of sports participation attitude, motivation, and sports emotion for males were equal and higher than in females, where the measures of emotional factors and motivation to participate reached significant levels. After the epidemic, the mean scores for students' participation attitude, sports emotion, and motivation to participate in sports exceeded the theoretical mean. Conclusion: After the health awareness and prevention work in the community and school network, university students' sports attitudes and awareness improved significantly compared to before the Covid-19 outbreak. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A epidemia de covid-19 em China encontra-se sob controle. Faculdades, escolas primárias e secundárias em todo o país retomaram as aulas de educação física, porém o conhecimento sobre a saúde mental dos estudantes universitários no estágio posterior do surto da Covid-19 não foi investigado. Objetivo: Estudar a saúde mental e os hábitos relacionados ao esporte nos universitários depois da epidemia da Covid-19. Métodos: Este estudo utilizou de forma abrangente materiais de literatura, entrevistas de especialistas, estatísticas matemáticas e outros métodos para estudar especificamente as atitudes relacionadas ao esporte e a conscientização na saúde dos estudantes universitários antes e depois do surto da nova epidemia, examinando o domínio do conhecimento em saúde dos estudantes universitários. Resultados: Nas dimensões da pesquisa relacionadas ao conhecimento esportivo dos alunos, a maior pontuação média foi de "controle emocional" como 3,48, seguida por "motivação de participação" como 3,41 e "atitude participativa" como 3,35. As pontuações de atitude de participação esportiva, motivação e emoção esportiva para os homens foram iguais e maior do que nas mulheres, onde as medidas de fator emocional e motivação para participar atingiram níveis significativos. Após a epidemia, as médias de atitude de participação dos alunos, emoção esportiva e motivação para participar do esporte superaram a média teórica. Conclusão: Após o trabalho de conscientização em saúde e prevenção, na rede comunitária e escolar, a atitude esportiva e a conscientização dos universitários foram significativamente aprimoradas em relação aos antecedentes ao surto de Covid-19. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La epidemia de covid-19 en China está bajo control. Los colegios y las escuelas primarias y secundarias de todo el país han reanudado las clases de educación física, pero no se ha investigado el conocimiento sobre la salud mental de los estudiantes universitarios en la última etapa del brote de covid-19. Objetivo: Estudiar la salud mental y los hábitos relacionados con el deporte en los estudiantes universitarios tras el brote de covid-19. Métodos: Este estudio utilizó de forma exhaustiva materiales bibliográficos, entrevistas a expertos, estadísticas matemáticas y otros métodos para estudiar específicamente las actitudes relacionadas con el deporte y el conocimiento de la salud de los estudiantes universitarios antes y después del estallido de la nueva epidemia, examinando el dominio del conocimiento de la salud de los estudiantes universitarios. Resultados: En las dimensiones de la encuesta relacionadas con los conocimientos deportivos de los estudiantes, la puntuación media más alta correspondió al "control emocional" con un 3,48, seguido de la "motivación para la participación" con un 3,41 y la "actitud para la participación" con un 3,35. Las puntuaciones de la actitud de participación deportiva, la motivación y la emoción deportiva de los varones fueron iguales y superiores a las de las mujeres, donde las medidas del factor emocional y la motivación para participar alcanzaron niveles significativos. Después de la epidemia, las puntuaciones medias de la actitud de participación, la emoción deportiva y la motivación para participar en el deporte de los alumnos superaron la media teórica. Conclusión: Tras el trabajo de concienciación y prevención sanitaria en la comunidad y la red escolar, la actitud y la conciencia deportiva de los estudiantes universitarios mejoraron significativamente en comparación con las anteriores al brote de Covid-19. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

16.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 833865, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35370861

RESUMO

Objective: This paper used meta-regression to analyze the heterogenous factors contributing to the prevalence rate of mental health symptoms of the general and frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) in China under the COVID-19 crisis. Method: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Medrxiv and pooled data using random-effects meta-analyses to estimate the prevalence rates, and ran meta-regression to tease out the key sources of the heterogeneity. Results: The meta-regression results uncovered several predictors of the heterogeneity in prevalence rates among published studies, including severity (e.g., above severe vs. above moderate, p < 0.01; above moderate vs. above mild, p < 0.01), type of mental symptoms (PTSD vs. anxiety, p = 0.04), population (frontline vs. general HCWs, p < 0.01), sampling location (Wuhan vs. Non-Wuhan, p = 0.04), and study quality (p = 0.04). Conclusion: The meta-regression findings provide evidence on the factors contributing to the prevalence rate of mental health symptoms of the general and frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) to guide future research and evidence-based medicine in several specific directions. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=220592, identifier: CRD42020220592.

17.
Referência ; serVI(1): e21109, dez. 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1387118

RESUMO

Resumo Enquadramento: A pandemia mudou significativamente as rotinas sociais e académicas dos estudantes do ensino superior. Objetivo: Identificar os níveis de saúde mental de estudantes do ensino superior e fatores associados. Metodologia: Estudo transversal com amostra de conveniência de 567 estudantes (idade média 23,92, ± 8,36; 63,8% feminino), que responderam a um questionário online no início do segundo confinamento, que incluiu o General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), aspetos sociodemográficos, académicos e as principais mudanças ocorridas durante a pandemia. Resultados: A pontuação média do GHQ foi 29,18 (± 12,99) e as menores e as maiores pontuações médias foram obtidas nas subescalas depressão grave (3,55 ± 4,46) e disfunção social (11,44 ± 3,81), respetivamente. 60,5% registou risco para problemas mentais. Os participantes que identificam alterações laborais têm melhor saúde mental. Quem identifica alterações nas rotinas familiares tem maior sintomatologia depressiva e quem identifica alterações nas relações familiares maior sintomatologia ansiógena e insónia. Conclusão: Urge considerar a saúde mental dos estudantes, promovendo estratégias para minimizar o impacto da pandemia, nomeadamente na disfunção social.


Abstract Background: The pandemic significantly changed social and academic routines of higher education students. Objective: Identify the mental health levels of higher education students and the associated factors. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 567 students (mean age 23.92, ± 8.36; 63.8% female), that answered an online survey at the beginning of the second lockdown, which included the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), sociodemographic and academic aspects, and main changes that occurred during the pandemic. Results: The mean score of the GHQ was 29.18 (±12.99) and the lowest and highest scores were obtained in severe depression (3.55±4.46) and social dysfunction (11.44±3.81). 60.5% indicated risk for mental problems. Participants identifying changes at labor level had better mental health. The ones identifying changes at familiar routines had higher depressive symptomatology and changes in familiar relationships had higher anxiety symptomatology and insomnia. Conclusion: It is urgent to consider the mental health of students, promoting strategies to minimize the impact of the pandemic, namely in social dysfunction.


Resumen Marco contextual: La pandemia ha cambiado significativamente las rutinas sociales y académicas de los estudiantes de educación superior. Objetivo: Identificar los niveles de salud mental de los estudiantes de educación superior y los factores asociados. Metodología: Estudio transversal con una muestra de conveniencia de 567 estudiantes (edad media de 23,92, ± 8,36; 63,8% mujeres), que completaron un cuestionario en línea al inicio del segundo confinamiento, que incluía el Cuestionario de Salud General (GHQ-28), aspectos sociodemográficos y académicos, y los principales cambios ocurridos durante la pandemia. Resultados: La puntuación media del GHQ fue de 29,18 (± 12,99) y las puntuaciones medias más bajas y más altas se obtuvieron en las subescalas depresión grave (3,55 ± 4,46) y disfunción social (11,44 ± 3,81), respectivamente. El 60,5% registró riesgo de problemas mentales. Los participantes que identifican cambios en el trabajo tienen una mejor salud mental. Los que identifican cambios en las rutinas familiares tienen más síntomas depresivos y los que identifican cambios en las relaciones familiares tienen más síntomas de ansiedad e insomnio. Conclusión: Se debe considerar urgentemente la salud mental de los estudiantes, así como promover estrategias para minimizar el impacto de la pandemia, especialmente en la disfunción social.

18.
Referência ; serVI(1,supl.1): e21020, dez. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1387135

RESUMO

Resumo Contexto: Atualmente, o presenteísmo é adotado pelos profissionais de forma ascendente, derivado da dedicação dos mesmos na prestação de cuidados ao longo da pandemia desencadeada pela doença COVID-19. Sendo que inúmeros são os profissionais que exercem funções com alterações ao nível físico, psicológico e emocional. Objetivo: Mapear os fatores potenciadores do presenteísmo nos profissionais de saúde em contexto de pandemia desencadeada pela doença COVID-19. Método de Revisão: Scoping review segundo a metodologia do JBI. Foi realizada uma pesquisa em bases de dados desde o ano 2019, nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol. O processo de seleção de estudos e extração de dados foi concretizado por dois autores de forma independente. Apresentação e interpretação dos resultados: Foram identificados 12 fatores potenciadores do presenteísmo nos profissionais de saúde em contexto pandémico desencadeado pela doença COVID-19. Conclusão: O desenvolvimento de estratégias preventivas da prática de presenteísmo, pelos gestores em saúde, bem como a consciencialização dos profissionais torna-se essencial. Também será necessário o desenvolvimento de mais estudos primários sobre este conceito de interesse.


Abstract Background: Presenteeism is becoming increasingly prevalent among healthcare workers due to their dedication to patient care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Countless professionals have carried on working while going through physical, psychological, and emotional changes. Objective: To map the factors inducing presenteeism in healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Review method: Scoping review according to the JBI methodology. A search was carried out on databases to find studies published since 2019 in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. Two authors independently selected the studies and extracted the data. Presentation and interpretation of results: Twelve factors were identified associated in inducing presenteeism in healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusion: Healthcare managers should develop strategies for preventing presenteeism and raising the professionals' awareness. More primary studies are needed on this concept of interest.


Resumen Marco contextual: Actualmente, los profesionales adoptan cada vez más el presentismo, derivado de su dedicación en la prestación de cuidados a lo largo de la pandemia desencadenada por la enfermedad COVID-19. Muchos profesionales desempeñan sus funciones con cambios físicos, psicológicos y emocionales. Objetivo: Mapear los factores que fomentan el presentismo entre los profesionales sanitarios en el contexto de la pandemia desencadenada por la enfermedad COVID-19. Método de revisión: Revisión sistemática según la metodología del JBI. Se realizó una búsqueda en bases de datos a partir del año 2019 en portugués, inglés y español. El proceso de selección de estudios y de extracción de datos fue realizado de forma independiente por dos autores. Presentación e interpretación de los resultados: Se identificaron 12 factores que fomentan el presentismo entre los profesionales sanitarios en el contexto de la pandemia provocada por la enfermedad COVID-19. Conclusión: El desarrollo de estrategias preventivas para la práctica del presentismo por parte de los gestores sanitarios, así como la concienciación de los profesionales es fundamental. También son necesarios más estudios primarios sobre este concepto de interés.

19.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 30: e63609, jan. -dez. 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361561

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar a ocorrência de isolamento social e solidão e sua relação com fatores sociodemográficos e de saúde em graduandos de enfermagem no contexto da pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudo transversal, descritivo e correlacional, desenvolvido com 147 estudantes de enfermagem que responderam um formulário eletrônico, contendo Questionário de caracterização, Escala de Solidão da Universidade de Califórnia e Escala de Depressão, Ansiedade e Estresse. Resultados: evidenciou-se a ocorrência de isolamento social percebido em 42,2% dos estudantes, e que, 8,8% dos estudantes apresentaram isolamento social conforme indicador rede de discussão, e 6,8% de acordo com o indicador de apoio social. Observou-se a solidão em 49,7% dos estudantes. Ambos foram associados com depressão, ansiedade e estresse, além de outras variáveis. Conclusão: identificou-se isolamento social e solidão e a relação destes com outras variáveis durante a pandemia de COVID-19, demandando intervenções por parte das instituições de ensino e dos formuladores de políticas de saúde.


Objective: to identify the occurrence of social isolation and loneliness and their relationship with sociodemographic and health factors in nursing undergraduates in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: in this cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study, 147 nursing students answered an electronic form comprising a characterization questionnaire, the University of California Loneliness Scale and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale. Results: perceived social isolation was found to occur in 42.2% of the students, and 8.8% experienced social isolation according to the discussion network indicator, and 6.8%, according to the social support indicator. Loneliness was observed in 49.7% of students. Both were associated with depression, anxiety and stress, and other variables. Conclusion: this study found isolation and loneliness and their relationship with other variables during the COVID-19 pandemic, requiring interventions by educational institutions and health policymakers.


Objetivo: identificar cómo ocurre el aislamiento social y la soledad y su relación con factores sociodemográficos y de salud en estudiantes de enfermería en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudio transversal, descriptivo y correlacional, desarrollado junto a 147 estudiantes de enfermería que respondieron un formulario electrónico, que contenía un cuestionario de caracterización, la Escala de Soledad de la Universidad de California y la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés. Resultados: resaltó la incidencia de aislamiento social percibido en el 42,2% de los estudiantes, y que el 8,8% de los estudiantes presentó aislamiento social según el indicador de red de discusión, y el 6,8% según el indicador de apoyo social. La soledad se verificó en el 49,7% de los estudiantes. Ambos fueron asociados con depresión, ansiedad y estrés, además de otras variables. Conclusión: se identificaron el aislamiento social y la soledad y su relación con otras variables durante la pandemia de COVID-19, requiriendo intervenciones por parte de las instituciones de enseñanza y de los formuladores de políticas de salud.

20.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 30: e63904, jan. -dez. 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361566

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever os impactos da pandemia de COVID-19 para a saúde de enfermeiros. Método: trata-se de um estudo exploratório, descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, realizado com dez enfermeiros das Estratégias de Saúde da Família de Murici- Alagoas. Os dados foram obtidos a partir de entrevista semiestruturada, submetidos à técnica de Análise de Conteúdo de Minayo. O referencial teórico utilizado foi a Teoria da adaptação de Callista Roy. Resultados: o medo do desconhecido, a necessidade de enfrentamento da situação tanto pessoal como profissionalmente, o medo de transmissão da COVID-19 para os familiares e a vivência do luto, foram identificados neste estudo. Conclusão: a exposição do profissional enfermeiro ao Coronavírus o leva a vulnerabilidade profissional e humana. Nesse contexto, é fundamental que haja acolhimento efetivo ao enfermeiro, tendo em vista que a base profissional é o cuidado. Então, para a qualidade na assistência as condições de trabalho precisam ser condizentes a sua função.


Objective: Objective: to describe the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on nurses' health. Method: in this exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study, data were obtained from semi-structured interviews of ten nurses from the Family Health Strategy in Murici, Alagoas state, and submitted to Minayo's Content Analysis technique, using Callista Roy's Theory of Adaptation as the theoretical frame of reference. Results: fear of the unknown, the need to meet the situation both personally and professionally, fear of transmitting COVID to family members, and the experience of grief were identified in this study. Conclusion: nurses' occupational exposure to the Coronavirus leads them to professional and human vulnerability. In this context, it is essential that nurses' health demands be well received and effectively met, considering that the basis of the profession is care. Accordingly, for quality care, working conditions need to be consistent with the nurses' function.


Objetivo: describir los impactos de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la salud de enfermeros. Método: se trata de un estudio exploratorio, descriptivo, cuyo enfoque es cualitativo, realizado junto a diez enfermeros de las Estrategias de Salud Familiar de Murici-Alagoas. Los datos se basaron sobre una entrevista semiestructurada y fueron sometidos a la técnica de Análisis de Conteo de Minayo. El referencial teórico utilizado fue la Teoría de la adaptación de Callista Roy. Resultados: en este estudio se identificaron el miedo a lo desconocido, la necesidad de afrontar la situación tanto personal como profesionalmente, el temor a la transmisión del COVID-19 a los familiares y la experiencia del duelo. Conclusión: la exposición profesional de los enfermeros al Coronavirus los lleva a la vulnerabilidad profesional y humana. En este contexto, es fundamental que haya una acogida eficaz al enfermero, teniendo en cuenta que la base profesional es el cuidado. Por lo tanto, para que la asistencia sea de calidad, las condiciones de trabajo deben ser adecuadas a su función.

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