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1.
Cureus ; 16(5): e60576, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38894799

RESUMO

Intrauterine appendicular perforation leading to meconium peritonitis is exceptionally rare, with few reported cases in the literature. This case underscores the diagnostic challenges and high mortality associated with neonatal appendicular perforation. Neonatal appendicitis and subsequent perforation are uncommon due to the funnel shape of the fetal appendix, which reduces susceptibility to luminal obstruction. While advances in neonatal care and diagnostic modalities have improved outcomes, challenges persist in timely diagnosis and management. We present the case of a preterm infant, one of dichorionic-diamniotic (DCDA) twins delivered via cesarean section, who developed gross abdominal distension and respiratory distress shortly after birth. Diagnostic abdominocentesis revealed meconium-stained fluid, prompting further investigation with imaging and subsequent exploratory laparotomy. Extensive adhesions and cecal perforation were observed, necessitating a cecostomy. Despite interventions, the infant's condition deteriorated, leading to a fatal outcome. Intrauterine appendicular perforation leading to meconium peritonitis is a rare and difficult-to-diagnose condition. Antenatal suspicion and early surgical intervention are crucial for improving outcomes. Factors contributing to neonatal appendicular perforation include ischemia, obstruction, and infective etiologies. Neonatal appendicular perforation is a rare but life-threatening condition requiring a high index of suspicion for prompt diagnosis and management. Advances in diagnostic tools and antenatal monitoring have contributed to improved outcomes, highlighting the importance of considering this diagnosis in cases of unexplained neonatal abdominal distension.

2.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38925130

RESUMO

Uroperitoneum is a rarely documented finding in heifers. More frequently uroperitoneum is described in male youngstock suffering from obstructive urolithiasis, or abscesses of the urachus. This report describes a case of uroperitoneum most likely as a result of a traumatic rupture of the urinary bladder in an 8.5 months old heifer. The animal was presented with a severely dilated abdomen and an undulating wave was evident upon palpation. The heifer exhibited physiologic urination. Additionally, left displacement of the abomasum was evident. In consequence to findings of the ultrasonographic examination and abdominocentesis, diagnostic laparotomy was performed. Urine was evacuated from the abdominal cavity in fractions and the damaged cranial pole of the urinary bladder was excised followed by the suture of the urinary bladder. The abomasum was replaced in its physiologic position and an omentopexy was performed. The heifer was discharged from hospital and was still in the herd 5 years after discharge.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Doenças dos Bovinos/cirurgia , Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Doenças Peritoneais/veterinária , Doenças Peritoneais/cirurgia , Doenças Peritoneais/diagnóstico , Ruptura/veterinária , Ruptura/cirurgia
3.
Viruses ; 16(6)2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38932183

RESUMO

Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection poses significant risks to fetal development, particularly affecting the nervous system. This study reports a fetal autopsy case, examining cCMV infection and focusing on CMV DNA measurements in various fetal organs before formalin fixation, a novel approach for comprehensive CMV DNA evaluations in fetal organs affected by cCMV. A 20-week-old male fetus was diagnosed with cCMV following the detection of CMV DNA in ascites obtained via abdominocentesis in utero. After the termination of pregnancy, multiple organs of the fetus, including the cerebrum, thyroid gland, heart, lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys, and adrenal glands, were extracted and examined for CMV DNA loads using a real-time polymerase chain reaction. Histopathological examination involved hematoxylin-eosin and CMV-specific immunostaining. A correlation was found between CMV DNA loads and pathology, with higher CMV-infected cell numbers observed in organs positively identified with both staining methods, exhibiting CMV DNA levels of ≥1.0 × 104 copies/mL, compared to those detected solely by CMV-specific immunostaining, where CMV DNA levels ranged from 1.0 × 103 to 1.0 × 104 copies/mL. These results highlight a quantifiable relationship between the organ infection extent and CMV DNA concentration, providing insights into cCMV pathogenesis and potentially informing future diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for cCMV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Citomegalovirus , DNA Viral , Feto , Carga Viral , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/congênito , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/virologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Humanos , Citomegalovirus/genética , Citomegalovirus/isolamento & purificação , DNA Viral/genética , Masculino , Feminino , Feto/virologia , Gravidez , Adulto , Autopsia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia
4.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; : 1, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38749473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a video tutorial detailing how to perform "blind" and ultrasound-guided abdominocentesis for diagnostic and therapeutic guidance, and to provide a brief demonstration of intra-abdominal pressure measurement (IAP). ANIMALS: Any cat or dog with suspicion of free abdominal effusion or patients requiring measurement of IAP. METHODS: Abdominocentesis should be performed when there is high suspicion for peritoneal effusion based on physical exam and/or diagnostic imaging. The 4-quadrant tap uses 20-gauge or larger needles placed blindly in ≥ 1 of the 4 quadrants of the abdomen to collect abdominal fluid. In contrast, ultrasound allows visualization of fluid in the abdomen prior to percutaneous insertion of a needle and syringe to collect fluid. Regardless of collection technique, fluid should have immediate cytologic analysis and later can be submitted for biochemical parameters, additional cellular analysis by a pathologist, and culture and sensitivity (in rare cases if indicated). Intravesicular bladder pressure measurement using a manometer-urinary catheter system approximates the IAP when there is concern for organ hypoperfusion and compartment syndrome. RESULTS: Abdominocentesis can be performed with and without the use of ultrasound guidance. Intravesicular bladder pressure measurement is used to diagnose and trend IAP values before and after treatments are performed. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Abdominocentesis is a simple and safe technique that all small animal clinicians should be comfortable performing. Effusion sampling can guide further diagnostics and treatments. Measurement of IAP is simple and requires no specialized equipment.

5.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 63(5): 517-520, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715493

RESUMO

A 52-year-old woman was admitted with a primary complaint of abdominal distension and increased abdominal circumference for more than half a year. There was no evidence of infection or solid tumor on abdominocentesis or laparoscopic surgery. Concurrently, smoldering multiple myeloma was diagnosed. Due to refractory ascites and portal hypertension, a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was performed, but the efficacy was not satisfactory. As the anemia progressed, she was finally diagnosed with active multiple myeloma after monoclonal plasma cells were detected in the ascites by flow cytometry. Treated with a triplet regimen that included bortezomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone (BCD), she achieved a very good partial response and ascites regressed.


Assuntos
Ascite , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ascite/etiologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Bortezomib/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão Portal
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668650

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the current use of ultrasound amongst small animal veterinarians. A total of 1216 small animal veterinary practitioners responded to an electronic survey that was administered through the Veterinary Information Network to all its members. Descriptive statistics were generated; limited inferential statistics were performed to examine specific relationships. Eighty-four percent of respondents had access to an ultrasound unit, and 86% of respondents reported using their unit multiple times per week. The most common uses were assistance with cystocentesis (93%) and abdominocentesis (71%), pregnancy diagnosis (69%), limited abdominal evaluation (63%), to aid in thoracocentesis (59%), and limited thoracic evaluation (52%). Eighty-nine percent of respondents received some formal training in ultrasound, most commonly from continuing education courses. Most respondents (52%) reported receiving ≤25 h of training. Additionally, 88% of respondents believed it was either extremely or very important for there to be ultrasound training for veterinary students prior to graduation. Based on this survey, most small animal practitioners commonly use ultrasound for limited examinations, being most confident in the sonographic evaluation and centesis of the bladder and for the detection and centesis of effusion in a body cavity. With most respondents having ≤25 h of training in ultrasound, typically obtained in postgraduate courses, an expansion in standardized basic ultrasound training within the veterinary curriculum may be warranted.

7.
J Clin Exp Hepatol ; 14(5): 101404, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38680618

RESUMO

Background/aims: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with robotic radiosurgery in hepatocellular carcinoma patients with macrovascular invasion (HCC-PVT). Materials and methods: Patients with inoperable HCC-PVT, good performance score (PS0-1) and preserved liver function [up to Child-Pugh (CP) B7] were accrued after ethical and scientific committee approval [Clinical trial registry-India (CTRI): 2022/01/050234] for treatment on robotic radiosurgery (M6) and planned with Multiplan (iDMS V2.0). Triple-phase contrast computed tomography (CT) scan was performed for contouring, and gross tumour volume (GTV) included contrast-enhancing mass within main portal vein and adjacent parenchymal disease. Dose prescription was as per risk stratification protocol (22-50 Gy in 5 fractions) while achieving the constraints of mean liver dose <15 Gy, 800 cc liver <8 Gy and the duodenum max of <24 Gy). Response assessment was done at 2 months' follow-up for recanalization. Patient- and treatment-related factors were evaluated for influence in survival function. Results: Between Jan 2017 and May 2022, 318 consecutive HCC with PVT patients were screened and 219 patients were accrued [male 92%, CP score: 5-7 90%, mean age: 63 years (38-85 yrs), Cancer of the Liver Italian Program <3: 84 (40%), 3-6117 (56%), infective aetiology 9.5%, performance status (PS): 0-37%; 1-56%]. Among 209 consecutive patients accrued for SBRT treatment (10 patients were excluded after accrual due to ascites and decompensation), 139 were evaluable for response assessment (>2 mo follow-up). At mean follow-up of 12.21 months (standard deviation: 10.66), 88 (63%) patients expired and 51 (36%) were alive. Eighty-two (59%) patients had recanalization of PVT (response), 57 (41%) patients did not recanalize and 28 (17%) had progressive/metastatic disease prior to response evaluation (<2 months). Mean overall survival (OS) in responders and non-responders were 18.4 [standard error (SE): 2.52] and 9.34 month (SE 0.81), respectively (P < 0.001). Mean survival in patients with PS0, PS1 and PS2 were 17, 11.7 and 9.7 months (P = 0.019), respectively. OS in partial recanalization, bland thrombus and complete recanalization was 12.4, 14.1 and 30.3 months, respectively (P-0.002). Adjuvant sorafenib, Barcelona Clinic Liver Classification stage, gender, age and RT dose did not influence response to treatment. Recanalization rate was higher in good PS patients (P-0.019). OS in patients with response to treatment, in those with no response to treatment, in those who are fit but not accrued and in those who are not suitable were 18.4, 9.34, 5.9 and 2.6 months, respectively (P-<0.001). Thirty-six of 139 patients (24%) had radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) [10 (7.2%) had classic RILD & 26 (19%) had non-classic RILD]. Derangement in CP score (CP score change) by more than 2 was seen in 30 (24%) within 2-month period after robotic radiosurgery. Eighteen (13%) had unplanned admissions, two patients required embolization due to fiducial-related bleeding and 20 (14%) had ascites, of which 9 (6%) patients required abdominocentesis. Conclusion: PVT response or recanalization after SBRT is a statistically significant prognostic factor for survival function in HCC-PVT.

8.
Front Vet Sci ; 11: 1335433, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38681847

RESUMO

A 10 year-old female spayed German Short-haired Pointer dog weighing 26.8 kg (59 lb) presented with a 2 week history of recurrent ascites. The dog had a 4 year history of idiopathic pericardial effusion causing sporadic episodes of cardiac tamponade and secondary ascites. A subtotal pericardiectomy was performed 3 months prior to presentation. The patient had done well for 2 months following this procedure, at which point the large-volume modified transudate ascites recurred, necessitating abdominocentesis every 10 days. Thoracic and abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed no abdominal or vascular cause of ascites. Transthoracic echocardiography performed under general anesthesia showed constrictive epicarditis (visceral pericarditis) resulting in diastolic dysfunction and right-sided congestive heart failure. A sternotomy was performed for a pericardial waffle procedure or crosshatch pericardiotomy-scoring of crosshatched incisions into the thickened epicardium. Echocardiographic findings postoperatively were consistent with resolved constrictive epicarditis. At 8 months postoperatively, the dog was clinically normal and had only required one abdominocentesis one month after the waffle procedure. This case report describes the successful treatment of a dog with constrictive epicarditis using a novel surgical technique (waffle procedure) that has not yet been described in veterinary medicine.

9.
J Vet Diagn Invest ; 36(4): 547-553, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641993

RESUMO

A 17-y-old Arabian mare was presented to the Auburn Large Animal Veterinary Teaching Hospital with a long-term history of intermittent mild recurrent colic that responded to medical treatment. CBC revealed mild lymphopenia; serum biochemistry findings were of increased gamma-glutamyl transferase and creatine kinase activities, hyperferremia, hyperglycemia, hypomagnesemia, and hypokalemia. Abdominocentesis was compatible with low-protein transudate. Due to the progression and duration of clinical signs, the owner elected euthanasia. Postmortem examination and histopathology confirmed a cholangiocarcinoma. The neoplastic cells were arranged in large cysts containing lakes of mucin that comprised 90% of the tumor volume; thus, a mucinous variant was determined. The neoplastic cells had strong cytoplasmic immunolabeling for cytokeratin 19 and lacked immunolabeling for hepatocyte paraffin 1, supporting bile duct origin. Cholangiocarcinomas are infrequent tumors in horses with nonspecific and slow progressive clinical signs, including recurrent colic. Mucinous cholangiocarcinomas are seldom reported in veterinary medicine and, to our knowledge, have not been reported previously in horses.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Cólica , Doenças dos Cavalos , Cavalos , Animais , Doenças dos Cavalos/patologia , Cólica/veterinária , Cólica/patologia , Cólica/etiologia , Feminino , Colangiocarcinoma/veterinária , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/veterinária , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia
10.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; 262(6): 1-3, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation of a Thoroughbred filly with acute hemoperitoneum from a splenic source immediately after racing. ANIMAL: A 3-year-old Thoroughbred filly used for racing and that had raced shortly before presentation to the hospital. CLINICAL PRESENTATION, PROGRESSION, AND PROCEDURES: On presentation, the filly was quiet, alert, and responsive with a heart rate of 76 beats/min, pale mucous membranes, and absent borborygmi. All other physical examination parameters were within normal limits. Abdominal ultrasound was performed and revealed echogenic free abdominal fluid and a splenic hematoma. Abdominocentesis yielded sanguinous fluid with a PCV of 35%. The next day, repeat ultrasound revealed the splenic hematoma with capsular separation. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME: The filly was treated overnight with isotonic crystalloid fluids and aminocaproic acid (40 mg/kg, IV, slow bolus over 30 minutes followed by 20 mg/kg, IV, q 6 h), potassium penicillin (22,000 IU/kg, IV, q 6 h), gentamicin (6.6 mg/kg, IV, q 24 h), and omeprazole (4 mg/kg, PO, q 24 h). The lowest PCV obtained from the filly was 36 hours after presentation. The filly stabilized with medical treatment and was discharged to a farm for further recuperation. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: There are no published reports detailing hemoperitoneum of splenic origin in Thoroughbreds immediately after racing. Hemoperitoneum of splenic origin is not common in horses, with most cases of hemoperitoneum being secondary to acute trauma, neoplasia, parturition, or postoperative complications. While uncommon, this case raises awareness to another differential for a colicky horse immediately after racing.


Assuntos
Hematoma , Hemoperitônio , Doenças dos Cavalos , Animais , Cavalos , Hematoma/veterinária , Hematoma/etiologia , Hemoperitônio/veterinária , Hemoperitônio/etiologia , Doenças dos Cavalos/etiologia , Feminino , Esplenopatias/veterinária , Corrida
11.
Vet Med Sci ; 10(3): e1352, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal fluid lactate concentration is an important diagnostic tool in horses with abdominal pain. Information on peritoneal lactate concentrations is lacking following parturition in the mare. OBJECTIVES: To compare blood and peritoneal lactate concentrations in a population of mares within 36 h post-partum, report a normal reference range and identify any impact of retained foetal membranes (RFMs). METHODS: This is a retrospective study evaluating healthy mares from which blood and peritoneal samples had been obtained within 36 h of parturition. Exclusion criteria included signs of abdominal pain within this period. Data was interrogated for normality using a Shapiro-Wilk test. Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Bland-Altman analysis were used to compare blood and peritoneal lactate concentrations. Linear regression was used to compare age and breed data with peritoneal lactate concentrations. Significance was defined as p < 0.05. RESULTS: Forty mares met the inclusion criteria. Mean age was 12.6 ± 4.1 years, and most mares were multiparous (65%). Peritoneal lactate ((1.2 (IQR = 0.9-1.6) mmol/L) was increased compared to blood lactate concentration (0.7 (IQR = 0-1.1)mmol/L; p < 0.001). Plasma total protein (TP) concentrations were 68 (IQR = 64-74) g/L and peritoneal protein concentrations 8 (IQR = 4-9.7) g/L. Six mares developed RFM. The median fold-increase in peritoneal lactate concentration compared to blood lactate concentration was 0.9 (IQR: 0.01-1.7; range: 0-2.5). The reference range for peritoneal fluid lactate concentration was 0-2.5 mmol/L. CONCLUSION: Peritoneal lactate concentrations in healthy post-partum mares remained within the normal reference range and were not influenced by RFM or parturition. Increased peritoneal lactate in this group warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Ácido Láctico , Período Pós-Parto , Animais , Cavalos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dor Abdominal/veterinária
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of a veterinary point-of-care (POC) luminometer-based kit for the diagnosis of septic peritoneal or pleural effusion in dogs and cats. DESIGN: Prospective study performed between January 2020 and July 2021. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Forty-eight animals with naturally occurring peritoneal or pleural effusion collected by aseptic abdominocentesis or thoracocentesis. PROCEDURES: Effusion samples were split into filtered (using a 10-micron filter) and unfiltered aliquots and analyzed by the POC instrument according to the manufacturer's instructions and following variable incubation periods. Samples were also plated aerobically on standard and blood agar plates. Proprietary reagents were added to samples, causing bacterial ATP to generate bioluminescence that is detected by the luminometer. Bioluminescence values (relative light units [RLUs]) were recorded and compared with the presence of bacterial growth on the culture plates. Nucleated cell counts in native and filtered effusion samples were recorded. RESULTS: Twenty-one samples were septic based on positive culture. RLUs were higher in septic effusions for filtered and native effusions compared with sterile effusions. The use of a filter reduced cell counts. In filtered samples incubated for 30 minutes before testing, the sensitivity and specificity of the luminometer for diagnosis of infection in cavitary effusions were 81% and 82%, respectively, using a cutoff of 12,202 RLUs. CONCLUSIONS: The luminometer kit evaluated in this study represents a viable screening tool for diagnosis of septic cavitary effusions and could be used in conjunction with other POC diagnostics to support the rapid diagnosis of infection.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato , Doenças do Cão , Derrame Pleural , Humanos , Gatos , Cães , Animais , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/veterinária , Derrame Pleural/etiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
Vet Med Sci ; 10(2): e1391, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403981

RESUMO

A 2-year-old spayed female Siberian Husky was presented with a history of acute onset lethargy, collapse, haematochezia and vomiting. The patient was severely tachycardic and hypotensive. Point-of-care ultrasound revealed gallbladder wall thickening and peritoneal effusion consistent with haemorrhage on subsequent abdominocentesis. Despite attempted medical stabilization over the course of several hours, including blood products and multiple autotransfusions, the patient progressed to cardiopulmonary arrest. The dog was successfully resuscitated but was subsequently euthanized. Necropsy revealed a severe, acute hemoperitoneum secondary to rupture of the left lateral liver lobe. A tear in the hepatic capsule was identified along with a large hematoma. A single adult nematode, consistent with Dirofilaria immitis, was found in a pulmonary vessel in the right caudal lung lobe. The remaining necropsy findings were supportive of the clinical diagnosis of anaphylaxis. This report details a case, with necropsy findings, supporting a diagnosis of anaphylaxis and severe, refractory hemoperitoneum resulting from hepatic rupture. Acute hepatic rupture should be considered in cases of anaphylaxis-related hemoperitoneum.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia , Doenças do Cão , Hepatopatias , Humanos , Cães , Feminino , Animais , Hemoperitônio/etiologia , Hemoperitônio/veterinária , Hemoperitônio/diagnóstico , Anafilaxia/diagnóstico , Anafilaxia/veterinária , Anafilaxia/complicações , Hepatopatias/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico
14.
Front Vet Sci ; 10: 1298736, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38105775

RESUMO

A 13-year-old neutered male Korean short-hair cat presented with anorexia, lethargy, and a severely distended abdomen, suggestive of ascites. Abdominocentesis yielded serosanguineous fluid. A subsequent diagnostic workup, including blood tests, ascitic fluid analysis, imaging studies [radiography, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT)], and histopathological examination, was performed to identify the underlying cause. Imaging studies revealed characteristics of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) such as peritoneal thickening, fat stranding, and calcification. During laparotomy, fibrous membranes encapsulating the abdominal organs and ascites were observed, and multiple calcified regions were detected on the abdominal wall. Histopathological analysis confirmed the diagnosis of poorly differentiated invasive malignant neoplasms, which were further classified as carcinomatosis based on positive cytokeratin and negative vimentin immunohistochemistry results. To our knowledge, this is the first report of sclerosing peritoneal carcinomatosis with osseous metaplasia in a cat.

15.
J Vet Diagn Invest ; 35(6): 751-760, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37661696

RESUMO

Septic synovitis and peritonitis are routinely diagnosed in horses based on clinical examination findings and laboratory assessment of synoviocentesis and abdominocentesis samples, respectively. Diagnosis is difficult in some cases because of an overlap in laboratory results for septic and non-septic inflammation. Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation is part of the innate immune response against pathogens. Identifying and quantifying NETs, which have not been explored in clinical samples from horses with septic synovitis and peritonitis, to our knowledge, may be helpful in detecting infectious processes. Our main objective was to determine whether NETs could be visualized in septic equine synovial and peritoneal fluid cytology samples using immunofluorescence with antibodies against citrullinated histone H3 (Cit-H3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO). We analyzed 9 synovial and 4 peritoneal fluid samples. NET percentages were quantified using a simple counting technique, which is suitable for high-quality, well-preserved, and stained cytospin smears. NETs were evident in all septic samples and were absent in a non-septic sample; NETs were better visualized with Cit-H3 than with MPO immunolabeling. Overall, we believe that there is the potential for NETs and associated markers to be used to investigate and understand septic inflammation in horses.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Doenças dos Cavalos , Peritonite , Sinovite , Animais , Cavalos , Líquido Ascítico , Sinovite/veterinária , Inflamação/veterinária , Peritonite/veterinária , Microscopia de Fluorescência/veterinária , Neutrófilos , Líquido Sinovial , Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico
16.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 263: 110645, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37591111

RESUMO

This study is the first to provide information on the lymphocyte subpopulations in peritoneal effusions in horses. Peritoneal transudates (n = 12), peritoneal exudates (n = 6) and a pleural exudate (n = 1) were analyzed. The total nucleated cell count (TNCC), total protein (TP) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) concentration determined by ELISA were measured and routine cytological evaluation was performed. CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD21 positive cells were detected by flow cytometry. A higher percentage of neutrophils (P < 0.05) and higher MMP-9 (P < 0.01) levels were found in exudates. A higher percentage of macrophages (P < 0.05) and lymphocytes (P < 0.01) were found in transudates. CD4 + lymphocytes were the most common lymphocyte subpopulation in all samples. CD21 + lymphocytes were the least common in all samples. A large variability in the percentage of CD21 + lymphocytes was found in exudates. The percentage of CD21 + lymphocytes positively correlated with the level of total protein (r = 0.5704, P < 0.05). The correlation was even stronger in the group of exudates. The percentages of lymphocyte subpopulations did not correlate with the level of MMP-9 or with cytological findings. The level of MMP-9 positively correlated with the percentage of neutrophils (r = 0.4980, P < 0.05), the level of TP (r = 0.7855, P < 0.01) and TNCC (r = 0.6129, P < 0.01). A significantly higher level of MMP-9 was detected in euthanized horses than in horses that survived (P < 0.05). However, it was shown that the level of MMP-9 in the peritoneal fluid can change significantly in a short time. More studies on repeated abdominocentesis could contribute to elucidating the role of MMP-9 as a prognostic indicator.


Assuntos
Exsudatos e Transudatos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Cavalos , Animais , Imunofenotipagem/veterinária , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , Contagem de Células/veterinária
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37436906

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the appearance of lesions noted on abdominal computed tomography (CT) in dogs with spontaneous hemoperitoneum and determine the utility in using CT to differentiate benign from malignant lesions. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Single-center, university veterinary teaching emergency service. ANIMALS: Twenty-six dogs presented between 2015 and 2020 with spontaneous hemoperitoneum confirmed via abdominocentesis with pre- and postcontrast abdominal CT performed prior to surgery or euthanasia. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: On histopathological diagnosis, 20 of 26 lesions were found to be malignant, and 6 of 26 were benign. Two radiologists reviewed the CTs. Radiologist 1 correctly identified 5 of 6 (83.3%) benign cases and 18 of 20 (90%) malignant cases. Radiologist 2 correctly identified 2 of 6 (33.3%) benign lesions and 18 of 20 (90%) malignant cases. Of the 10 imaging descriptors evaluated, none were significantly associated with the histological diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Results from the current study suggest that abdominal CT imaging of spontaneous hemoperitoneum cases is not a reliable indicator of malignancy versus benignancy. As such, prognosis should not be defined using this modality alone prior to emergency surgery and instead should be concluded based on the clinical course of the patient and histopathological findings of the resected tissues after surgery.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Hemoperitônio , Cães , Animais , Hemoperitônio/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemoperitônio/veterinária , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Int J Womens Health ; 15: 1047-1057, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37465723

RESUMO

So far, ovarian cancer has still been the most lethal gynecological malignancy. The chemotherapy and targeted medication are the mainstay for the recurrent ovarian cancer treatment. About 70% of the advanced-stage cases will relapse. Ascites-derived organoid is a pre-clinical model for the precise prediction of the therapeutic effectiveness for the ovarian cancer: it can be used to assess the drug sensitivity, to guide individualized precise treatment, and to improve advanced stage as well as recurrent ovarian cancer patient' survival and prognosis. Until now, there has been no report concerning the establishment of the organoid out of the patient's ascites and the concurrent usage of drug sensitivity test to guide the individualized precise treatment for the ovarian cancer. Here, we report a case of recurrent ovarian cancer of a 59-year-old female patient whose CA125 at its peak increased to 4523.4 U/mL. Then, patient's own ovarian cancer organoid was constructed from the ascites by the abdominocentesis; concurrently, medication sensitivity test was performed on the organoid to guide individualized precise treatment. After the treatment, CA125 decreased to 33.7 U/mL, and the patient's condition relieved effectively. This is the first published case report using ascites-derived organoid and the drug sensitivity test thereof to guide the precise treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer.

19.
Pan Afr Med J ; 44: 22, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37013209

RESUMO

Spontaneous bladder rupture (SBR) is a rare condition and often missed diagnosis, especially after a non traumatic vaginal delivery. A 32-year-old para 3 woman, consulted for abdominal pain and anuria two days after instrumental vaginal delivery with forceps for foetal distress in second sate of labour. Blood tests were suggestive of an acute renal failure. An abdominocentesis revealed a clear fluid looking like ascites. The ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scan showed a large abdominal effusion. An exploratory laparoscopy revealed a bladder perforation which was sutured after laparotomy. SRB is extremely rare after a non traumatic vaginal delivery. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Symptoms are mostly non-specific. It is suspected when post partum abdominal pain is associated with an effusion and renal failure signs. If suspected, the uroscanner remains the gold standard for diagnostic. Laparotomy is the standard surgical approach in this condition. Abdominal pain with elevated serum creatinine should be suspicious of SBR in post-partum.


Assuntos
Doenças da Bexiga Urinária , Bexiga Urinária , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Ruptura Espontânea/cirurgia , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Ascite , Dor Abdominal/complicações , Ruptura
20.
Surg Endosc ; 37(5): 3796-3806, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the treatment of small gastric subepithelial tumors originating from muscularis propria (SET-MPs), endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) has been an effective procedure and ligation-assisted EFTR (EFTR-L) seems a feasible and promising operation. We aimed to compare the therapeutic outcomes of EFTR-L and EFTR to evaluate effect and safety of either method in the treatment of small (≤ 1.5 cm) gastric SET-MPs. METHODS: Between January 2018 to May 2022, we retrospectively enrolled a total of 119 patients with gastric SET-MPs treated by EFTR-L (79 patients) or EFTR (40 patients) at Xiangya Hospital Central South University. Clinical characteristics, operation efficacy, adverse events (AEs), and operation cost were compared between the 2 groups. Univariate and multiple logistic and linear regressions were applied to analyze the therapeutic outcomes of the procedure, and covariates were adjusted in the multiple analysis. RESULTS: The operation time of EFTR-L group (16.34 ± 5.75 min) was significantly shorter than EFTR group (51.23 ± 21.21 min, P < 0.001), and the difference remained significant after adjusting the covariates (adjusted mean difference, 30.56; 95% confidence interval, 25.65-35.47; P < 0.001). The operation cost of EFTR-L group was lower than EFTR group (1268.52 ± 457.22 vs 1643.18 ± 295.08 $; P < 0.001). The complete resection rate of the EFTR-L group was 98.72% and of the EFTR group 100%. The incidence of abdominal pain in the EFTR-L group (5.06%) was lower than in the EFTR group (27.50%, P = 0.008). A patient in the EFTR group underwent severe pneumoperitoneum and received abdominocentesis during operation. One case of peritonitis occurred in the EFTR-L group but recovered from intensified antibiotic therapy. No delayed blood or perforation occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to EFTR, EFTR-L might be a feasible procedure for small (≤ 1.5 cm) gastric SET-MPs due to the acceptable efficacy, shorter operation time, and lower cost.


Assuntos
Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Gastroscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
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