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1.
Int J Implant Dent ; 7(1): 26, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral implants have helped clinicians to improve the quality of life for many patients. The material of choice for dental implants currently remains titanium type IV, whose mechanical and biological properties have been proven throughout the history of implantology. Yet, this material is not exempt from complications. For these reasons, ceramic alternatives to titanium have emerged. Thus, the purpose of this study is to evaluate peri-implant hard and soft tissue stability with the use of a one-piece ceramic implant (Straumann® PURE Ceramic Implant) during 1 year of follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: One-piece all-ceramic zirconia (ZrO2) implants were placed to replace single missing teeth in the esthetic zone. Six to 8 weeks after the procedure, the definitive prosthesis was fabricated. At the time of prosthesis, placement (T0) photographs and periapical radiographs were taken, and the following clinical parameters were recorded: probing depth (PD), plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), suppuration on probing (SOP), distance from gingival margin to incisal edge (GM-IE), and Jemt papilla index (JPI). Follow-up appointments were scheduled at 4 (T4), 8 (T8), and 12 (T12) months, when the same parameters were recorded. In addition, plaque control was reinforced and prophylaxis was carried out. In this last appointment, a final periapical radiograph was taken to assess marginal bone loss. RESULTS: A total of 32 zirconia implants were placed in 28 patients (16 women and 12 men, aged between 34 and 67 years). The survival and success rate were 96.9%. The increase in probing depth from baseline to 12 months was 0.78 mm. Assessments of plaque index and bleeding on probing showed a slight increase throughout the study. CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained with the Straumann® PURE Ceramic implants show them to exhibit very good clinical behavior. The survival rate of the implants of our pilot study was 96.9%. For these reasons, we can say that zirconia implants could be an alternative to titanium implants in the esthetic zone.

2.
J Clin Med ; 10(5)2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33800894

RESUMO

Dental implants may be considered a reliable routine procedure in clinical practice for the replacement of missing teeth. Results from long-term studies indicate that implant-supported dental prostheses constitute a predictable treatment method for the management of fully and partially edentulous patients. Implants and their restorations, however, are not free from biological complications. In fact, peri-implantitis, defined as progressive bone loss associated to clinical inflammation, is not a rare finding nowadays. This constitutes a concern for clinicians and patients given the negative impact on the quality of life and the sequelae originated by peri-implantitis lesions. The purpose of this narrative review is to report on the prevalence of peri-implantitis and to overview the indications, contraindications, complexity, predictability and effectiveness of the different surgical therapeutic modalities to manage this disorder.

3.
J Clin Med ; 10(5)2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33800946

RESUMO

(1) Background: Prosthetically-driven implant positioning is a prerequisite for long-term successful treatment. Transferring the planned implant position information to the clinical setting could be done using either static or dynamic guided techniques. The 3D model of the bone and surrounding structures is obtained via cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and the patient's oral condition can be acquired conventionally and then digitalized using a desktop scanner, partially digital workflow (PDW) or digitally with the aid of an intraoral scanner (FDW). The aim of the present randomized clinical trial (RCT) was to compare the accuracy of flapless dental implants insertion in partially edentulous patients with a static surgical template obtained through PDW and FDW. Patient outcome and time spent from data collection to template manufacturing were also compared. (2) Methods: 66 partially edentulous sites (at 49 patients) were randomly assigned to a PDW or FDW for guided implant insertion. Planned and placed implants position were compared by assessing four deviation parameters: 3D error at the entry point, 3D error at the apex, angular deviation, and vertical deviation at entry point. (3) Results: A total of 111 implants were inserted. No implant loss during osseointegration or mechanical and technical complications occurred during the first-year post-implants loading. The mean error at the entry point was 0.44 mm (FDW) and 0.85 (PDW), p ≤ 0.00; at implant apex, 1.03 (FDW) and 1.48 (PDW), p ≤ 0.00; the mean angular deviation, 2.12° (FDW) and 2.48° (PDW), p = 0.03 and the mean depth deviation, 0.45 mm (FDW) and 0.68 mm (PDW), p ≤ 0.00; (4) Conclusions: Despite the statistically significant differences between the groups, and in the limits of the present study, full digital workflow as well as partially digital workflow are predictable methods for accurate prosthetically driven guided implants insertion.

4.
J Clin Med ; 10(5)2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801384

RESUMO

Determining the peri-implant marginal bone level on radiographs is challenging because the boundaries of the bones around implants are often unclear or the heights of the buccal and lingual bone levels are different. Therefore, a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) was evaluated for detecting the marginal bone level, top, and apex of implants on dental periapical radiographs. An automated assistant system was proposed for calculating the bone loss percentage and classifying the bone resorption severity. A modified region-based CNN (R-CNN) was trained using transfer learning based on Microsoft Common Objects in Context dataset. Overall, 708 periapical radiographic images were divided into training (n = 508), validation (n = 100), and test (n = 100) datasets. The training dataset was randomly enriched by data augmentation. For evaluation, average precision, average recall, and mean object keypoint similarity (OKS) were calculated, and the mean OKS values of the model and a dental clinician were compared. Using detected keypoints, radiographic bone loss was measured and classified. No statistically significant difference was found between the modified R-CNN model and dental clinician for detecting landmarks around dental implants. The modified R-CNN model can be utilized to measure the radiographic peri-implant bone loss ratio to assess the severity of peri-implantitis.

5.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(5)2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802544

RESUMO

This study investigates the potential of propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites for dental implant application. Propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites were fabricated by complexation of propolis and zeolites. Then, they were pelleted with Poly(L-lactide) (PLA)/poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) polymer for the fabrication of a dental implant. The chemical properties of propolis were not changed during the fabrication of propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites in attenuated total reflection-fourier transform infra-red (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy measurements. Propolis was continuously released from propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites over one month. PLA/PCL pellets containing propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites showed longer sustained release behavior compared to propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites. Propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposite powder showed similar antibacterial activity against C. albicans in an agar plate and formed an inhibition zone as well as chlorohexidine (CHX) powder. Eluted propolis solution from PLA/PCL pellets also maintained antibacterial activity as well as CHX solution. Furthermore, eluted propolis solution from PLA/PCL pellets showed significant antibacterial efficacy against C. albicans, S. mutans and S. sobrinus. Dental implants fabricated from PLA/PCl polymer and propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites also have antibacterial efficacy and negligible cytotoxicity against normal cells. We suggest that PLA/PCl pellets containing propolis-embedded zeolite nanocomposites are promising candidates for dental implants.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819319

RESUMO

Implant-related esthetic demands have increased tremendously in recent years. The presence of shallow papillae or open interproximal spaces (black triangles) are some of the most troubling dilemmas in dentistry. Among the many factors associated with the presence of papilla or papilla height, the interproximal bone is one of the main factors dictating the presence of an adequate papilla between implants. The present case report describes a patient with severe hard and soft tissue deficiencies with a high smile line in the esthetic zone, requiring multiple implants. The step-by-step process of the utilized techniques for achieving inter-implant papilla reconstruction through a multidisciplinary approach using both hard and soft tissue augmentation procedures, as well as soft tissue conditioning with customized abutments, is delineated.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Estética Dentária , Seguimentos , Gengiva , Humanos , Maxila
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819321

RESUMO

This paper reports on a study undertaken to ascertain the efficacy of the erbium:YAG laser (EYL) for peri-implantitis treatment. A total of 12 patients with bone loss resulting from peri-implantitis were involved in this study. The treatment protocol consisted of using the EYL for implant surface debridement and deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) for bone grafting. The following parameters were analyzed: probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing (BOP), bone levels (BLs), and the lipopolysaccharide levels before and after debridement with the EYL. This study found a statistically significant improvement in PPD, CAL, BOP, and BL at 3 and 12 months postoperative. Furthermore, a statistically significant decrease in implant-surface LPS levels was observed following debridement with the EYL. These findings show that using the EYL for debridement in peri-implantitis cases is effective in decreasing LPS levels. Moreover, after partial reconstruction with DBBM grafting, BLs were restored for at least 12 months. It was shown in one case that BLs had remained stable over 6 years, which also attests to the efficacy of this treatment. The combined use of EYL and DBBM could be effective for regenerative surgical peri-implantitis treatment.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Peri-Implantite , Animais , Biomarcadores , Bovinos , Érbio , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Peri-Implantite/cirurgia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819322

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate vertical and horizontal alveolar resorption after the extraction of eight single maxillary molars using solvent-dehydrated bone allograft (Puros) covered with a nonresorbable membrane for ridge preservation. At implant placement 4 months later, ridge dimensions were measured clinically and radiographically and compared to baseline, and a histologic analysis was performed. The mean buccal height decreased by 1.51 mm at midpoint, 0.88 mm mesially, and 1.16 mm distally. The implants were placed without additional ridge augmentation, and six of eight required an internal sinus elevation. Within the limits of this study, this technique succeeded in preserving the alveolar bone.


Assuntos
Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral , Aloenxertos , Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Processo Alveolar/cirurgia , Transplante Ósseo , Humanos , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Projetos Piloto , Politetrafluoretileno , Solventes , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819323

RESUMO

A clinical case series of three patients is presented using a novel implant design to not only address primary stability but also to prevent damage to the labial bone plate and improve the interdental space for papillae preservation with immediate tooth replacement therapy. This unique implant design features an apicocoronal inverted body-shift in diameter (wide to narrow), shape (tapered to cylindrical), thread depth (deep to shallow), and thread pattern (V-shaped to square) to achieve uncompromised primary stability and esthetics, particularly in extraction sockets, in a singular body form. In addition, the implant possesses a prosthetic angle correction within the implant body to facilitate screw-retention of the restoration and avoid the risk of apical socket perforation.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental/diagnóstico por imagem , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia
10.
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent ; 41(5146): 217-224, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819326

RESUMO

One of the chronic problems with traditional cement or screw retention of crowns to implants is the development of biologic and technical complications, including soft tissue complications, bone loss, screw loosening, loss of retention, and veneering material fractures. The purpose of this case series report is to document preliminary results, specifically crown retention, using a friction-fit connection of crown to abutment. A sample composed of patients who had one or more implants restored between July 1, 2019, and October 30, 2019, were enrolled in this retrospective case-control series. Each patient had their crown connected to the implant abutment using a friction-fit system. Patients were seen for routine follow-up for documentation of crown retention, and 24 crowns were followed. After 6 months of follow-up, 100% of the crowns retained retention and did not become loose under normal masticatory function. The use of a friction-fit connection provided excellent retention of the crown to the abutment over the 6-month follow-up period.


Assuntos
Coroas , Cimentos Dentários , Parafusos Ósseos , Dente Suporte , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Fricção , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819327

RESUMO

This study evaluated the accuracy of implant placement with surgical-template guidance both in vitro and in vivo. Virtual surgical planning was performed based on the data from CBCT scans and an intraoral scanner. Surgical templates were designed according to the planned implants and manufactured with stereolithography. In vitro, 60 implants were placed in 15 resin models. In vivo, 74 implants were placed in 54 patients. The implants were scanned with CBCT postoperatively. Implant accuracy was evaluated by measuring the following parameters: central deviation at the apex and shoulder, horizontal deviation at the apex and shoulder, vertical deviation at the apex and shoulder, and angular deviation. There were statistically significant in vitro and in vivo deviations for all parameters, and the implant deviations in vivo were significantly greater than those in vitro. When using a mucosa-supported template, horizontal deviations at the apex were significantly greater than when a teeth-supported template was used. Within the limitation of the study design, inaccuracy existed in implant placement guided with a surgical template. More studies are needed to investigate the value of the procedure in future.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819330

RESUMO

Immediate implant placement in molar sites has the potential to improve the patient experience by reducing the number of appointments and the overall treatment time. However, primary closure remains a technical challenge. The present prospective case series evaluated the soft tissue contours and the radiographic bone levels of 17 patients who received immediate implants in molar sites and a digitally customized CAD/CAM sealing socket abutment. At the 2-year follow-up, the mean buccal tissue contours at the most coronal portion were reduced horizontally by an average of 1 mm at 1, 2, 3, and 4 mm below the gingival margin. A mean 0.53-mm apical migration of the gingival margin was seen, and the mean interproximal bone level at the 2-year follow-up was 0.89 mm. The use of CAD/CAM-generated customized healing abutments in immediate molar sites yielded minimal hard and soft tissue changes at the 2-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Dente Suporte , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Humanos , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819331

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess how frequently the maxilla anatomy allows for lingualized immediate implants in the central incisor region with a screw channel that has an ideal distance of 1.5 mm from the incisal margin. The effect of abutments with angle correction on case selection will also be verified. A retrospective cross-sectional study of 181 CBCT scans was carried out. Using an implant-planning software, implant placement was simulated in the lingual aspect of the socket. The location of the prospective screw channel was registered as incisal, lingual, or facial. The angle between the actual screw channel and the position of the ideal one was calculated. The effect of angle correction on allowing an ideal screw channel configuration was computed. Out of 161 eligible cases, 144 presented favorable anatomy for an immediate implant. The screw channel had an incisal position in 40 cases (28%), a lingual position in 60 cases (42%), and a facial position in 44 cases (30%). The screw channel could be placed at the planned distance from the incisal edge in 35 cases (24%). The position was unfavorable in the remaining 109 cases. In 103 of these cases, an abutment with an angled screw channel could make the conditions feasible. Within the simulated conditions, a majority of maxillary central incisors present favorable ridge anatomy for lingualized immediate implant placement. Achieving a proper location of the screw channel requires abutments with angle correction in a majority of cases.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral , Parafusos Ósseos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819333

RESUMO

This study aimed to rehabilitate shortened maxillary dental arch with splinted crowns by connecting ultra-short implants with longer ones. In the posterior maxilla of 11 patients, one 10-mm (n = 11) and one or two ultra-short 4-mm (n = 17) dental implants were inserted. The insertion torque was lower than 20 Ncm in 55% of the 10-mm implants and in 94% of the 4-mm implants (P > .05). Median (range) implant stability quotients at the time of insertion and after 6 months were 61 (14 to 72) and 68 (51 to 79), respectively, for 4-mm implants, and 66 (52 to 78) and 78 (60 to 83), respectively, for 10-mm implants (P < .05). One 4-mm implant failed to integrate. All patients were restored with splinted metal-ceramic crowns connecting 4- and 10-mm implants. Median (range) clinical crown/implant ratios of 4-mm and 10-mm implants were 2.79 (1 to 3.66) and 1.06 (0.85 to 1.46), respectively (P < .05). Six months after prosthetic rehabilitation, the median (range) crestal bone loss was 0.3 mm (-0.7 to 1.7 mm) for 4-mm implants and was 0.5 mm (-0.8 to 3.5 mm) for 10-mm implants (P > .05). Splinted crowns combining 4- and 10-mm implants may contribute to a better force distribution in the treatment with ultra-short implant-supported prosthesis in the posterior maxilla.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Maxila , Coroas , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819335

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate facial peri-implant tissue dimensions for implants connected to either convex or concave final abutments. Patients (n = 28) were randomly allocated to receive a single implant with an abutment of either convex (Group CX) or concave (Group CV) emergence shape. Twelve months after implant placement, CBCT scans were taken and reference points were identified: first visible bone-to-implant contact, implant shoulder (IS), bone crest (BC), and marginal mucosal level (MML). Mucosal thickness was evaluated at the level of IS (MT1), above the level of BC (MT2), and at the mid-distance of BC-MML (MT3). The mean total vertical peri-implant mucosa height was 3.26 ± 0.77 mm for Group CX and 3.70 ± 0.99 mm for Group CV (P = .23). The mean vertical peri-implant mucosa height below the bone crest was 0.62 ± 0.57 mm for Group CX and 1.26 ± 0.95 mm for Group CV (P = .04). Group CV had greater mean MT2 (4.09 ± 0.72 mm vs 3.36 ± 0.81 mm; P = .02) and MT3 (2.81 ± 0.66 mm vs 2.03 ± 0.60 mm; P = .005) compared to Group CX. Abutment macrodesign may have an effect on vertical and horizontal peri-implant tissue dimensions.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Implantes Dentários , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral , Coroas , Dente Suporte , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Humanos , Membrana Mucosa
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819337

RESUMO

Keratinized mucosa (KM) is regarded as a key factor in peri-implant health. A lack of KM has been associated with discomfort, higher plaque accumulation, and mucosal inflammation. Persistent inflammation might lead to progressive peri-implant bone loss. Several approaches to manage peri-implantitis have been advocated. Despite the effectiveness shown by surgical therapeutic modalities, soft tissue conditioning seems pivotal for long-term peri-implant health and stability. Free epithelial grafts have been demonstrated to efficiently augment the band of KM. Nevertheless, morbidity, dynamic soft tissue changes, and longer healing periods are shortcomings to be considered. The purpose of this technical note is to provide an alternative therapeutic modality for the surgical management of peri-implantitis combined with simultaneous soft tissue conditioning by means of pedicle flaps. Three main clinical scenarios are provided to conceive pedicle epithelial or connective tissue flaps, combined or not with collagen matrices, as predictable approaches to augment KM in the surgical therapy of peri-implantitis.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Placa Dentária , Peri-Implantite , Tecido Conjuntivo , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Peri-Implantite/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
17.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(4): 324-328, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832032

RESUMO

Objective: To test the reproducibility of the visual analogue scale (VAS) used in the evaluation of the esthetic effect of anterior dental implants, and to explore the factors that affect the correlation between VAS and pink esthetic score/white esthetic score (PES/WES). Methods: From January 2018 to August 2019, a total of 108 doctors and patients were recruited in the Department of Prosthodontics, Implantology and Fourth Clinical Division of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Among them, there were 35 dental implant specialists who were familiar with PES/WES [implant specialist group, 25 males, 10 females, (37.3±4.5) years old], 34 dentists who were not familiar with PES/WES [dentist group, specialized in Prosthodontics, Periodontology, Orthodontics, and Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, 24 males, 10 females, (36.1±4.2) years old], 39 patients [patient group, 28 males, 11 females, (45.4±8.3) years old]. Twenty oral pictures of patients [12 males, 8 females, (43.7±6.4) years old] treated in the Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from December 2016 to December 2017 were taken for single implant restoration for esthetic evaluation with VAS. Score 0 for evaluation of not beautiful and score 10 for very beautiful. Re-evaluation of the same 20 pictures with VAS after 1 month, and perform repeatability evaluation of VAS using chi-square test were conducted. At the same time, 13 implant specialists were randomly selected, to score the same photos with PES/WES. The PES scoring elements were the fullness of the mesial gingival papilla, the fullness of the distal gingival papilla, the curvature of the gingival margin, the protrusion of the root surface, the color and the texture of the soft tissue. The scoring elements of WES were crown shape, crown contour, crown color, surface texture, transparency and individual characteristics in order. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between the score of VAS and PES/WES. And the influence of the group on the correlation between PES/WES and VAS was analyzed. Results: The PES score was 7.5±1.8, and the WES score was 7.6±1.9 and the total score was 15.1±3.4. The VAS score of the implant specialist group was 6.8±1.8. The repeatability test of the two VAS results in the patient group was not statistically significant (Kappa=0.012, P>0.05); the two VAS results of the implant specialist group and the dentist group both had good repeatability (Kappa=0.727 and 0.556, P<0.01). The VAS score was weakly correlated with the total PES/WES score (r=0.27, P<0.01). The VAS score was correlated with the score elements in PES/WES (P<0.01), and the color (r=0.20) and shape (r=0.22) of the crown were the larger correlation coefficients. The correlation coefficients between the VAS score and the PES/WES scoring system decreased among the implant specialist group (r=0.49, moderate correlation), the dentist group (r=0.25, weak correlation) and the patient group (r=0.12, P>0.05). Conclusions: The consistency of VAS and PES/WES is affected by the cognition of the scorer. The combination of the two scoring systems is feasible and necessary for physicians to evaluate the overall esthetic effect of implant restoration.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Adulto , Coroas , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Estética Dentária , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
18.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(4): 362-369, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832038

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically evaluate the clinical effect of anodized implants and sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA) implants in the recent 10 years, so as to provide a reference for the selection and evaluation of implants. Methods: The data from Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, and Wanfang Data database from January 2010 to April 2020 were searched, to find clinical studies on anodized and SLA implants. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, literature was strictly screened, and data was extracted. Included studies were evaluated by using the methodological index for non-randomized studies (MINORS) and were analyzed by Stata14.0. The outcome of interest was cumulative survival rate (CSR) and marginal bone loss (MBL). Heterogeneity and publication bias among included literature was evaluated comprehensively. Results: A total of 22 articles, including 6 276 anodized implants, were collected for the analysis of anodized implants. Meta-analysis of proportions showed that anodized implants CSR were 98% (95%CI: 97%-98%, P<0.05) in total, at 5 years were 98% (95%CI: 98%-99%, P<0.05), and at 10 years were 97% (95%CI: 96%-98%, P<0.05). MBL change was 1.02 mm (95%CI: 0.69-1.34, P<0.05) in total. A total of 17 articles, including 4 567 SLA implants, were collected for the analysis of SLA implants. Meta-analysis of proportions showed that SLA implants CSR were 99% (95%CI: 98%-100%, P<0.05) in total, 99% at 5 years (95%CI: 98%-100%, P<0.05), and 99% at 10 years (95%CI: 97%-100%, P<0.05). MBL change was 0.69 mm (95%CI: 0.44-0.95, P<0.05) in total. The results of the above two studies were tested for bias (P>0.05), indicating no significant publication bias. Conclusions: Meta-analysis suggested that SLA implants have higher CSR and lower MBL than anodized implants.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Propriedades de Superfície
20.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(4): 390-395, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832044

RESUMO

Guided bone regeneration technique is a conventional method to repair various bone defects among series of techniques for bone augmentation around implant. Due to the excellent mechanical properties and biological compatibility, titanium mesh has unique advantages in the application of guided bone regeneration technology, such as broad clinical indications, high stability in osteogenesis. Though there are still some complications during the application of titanium mesh, a number of studies have tried to prevent the complications, so as to increase the success rate of bone augmentation surgery. This review elaborates the characteristics of titanium mesh, conventional clinical applications, common complications in application, and the research progress of its application and improvement, in order to provide reference for the improvement of titanium mesh in clinical and research applications.


Assuntos
Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar , Implantes Dentários , Regeneração Óssea , Transplante Ósseo , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Telas Cirúrgicas , Titânio
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