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1.
Odontoestomatol ; 21(34): 5-15, Jul-Dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1024952

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to find a formula and application time for chelators effective in cleaning the root canal without causing erosion and considering dental age. The sample included 120 teeth: 60 taken from young patients and 60 from adult patients. They were instrumented and irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). Each subgroup was divided randomly into six groups: 4 groups of 12 teeth and 2 control groups of 6 teeth. In the final irrigation, 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid plus Cetavlón (EDTAC) or 10% citric acid was applied for 1 or 3 minutes according to each group. The results showed a high level of cleanliness, and a few showed erosion of the dentinal tubules. Satisfactory results were obtained in the removal of the smear layer when applying EDTAC or citric acid combined with NaOCl. Erosion was present in different degrees regardless of dental age, but it was indeed affected by the irrigant exposure time.


O objetivo deste estudo foi obter uma fórmula e um tempo de aplicação dos quelantes efetivos que permitam a limpeza das paredes do canal sem causar erosões, levando em consideração a idade dental. A amostra foi composta por 120 dentes, 60 de pacientes jovens e 60 de pacientes adultos, foram instrumentados e irrigados com hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) a 2,5%. Cada subgrupo foi dividido aleatoriamente em 6 grupos: 4 grupos de 12 dentes e 2 grupos de controle com 6 dentes cada um. Na irrigação final, ácido etilenodiaminotetracético com Cetavlón (EDTAC) 17% ou ácido cítrico 10% foi aplicado por 1 ou 3 minutos, dependendo do grupo. Os resultados mostraram um bom nível de limpeza com algumas amostras com erosão dos túbulos dentinários. Com EDTAC ou ácido cítrico combinado com NaOCl, resultados satisfatórios foram obtidos na remoção da camada de esfregaço . A erosão esteve presente em seus diferentes graus independentemente da idade dentária, mas não do tempo de exposição do irrigante.


Assuntos
Humanos , Erosão Dentária , Ácido Edético , Etilenodiaminas , Quelantes , Camada de Esfregaço
2.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 126(11): 581-588, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730135

RESUMO

The underlying mechanism of the development of cups and grooves on occlusal tooth surfaces is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors contributing to in-vitro cup formation, and to elucidate the clinical process. Extracted human molar teeth were exposed to acidic aqueous solutions at pH of 4.8 and 5.5 in combination with different loading conditions: no load (0N, control), 30N or 50N. Before and after 3 months exposure, the samples were scanned using a non-contact profilometer. A statistically significant difference between a loading of 0N and 50N was found at pH 4.8 (p < 0.002). Cup shaped lesions had formed only at pH of 4.8, in the 30N and 50N groups. The study showed that a cup can arise fully in enamel and that this requires simultaneous acidic and mechanical loading.


Assuntos
Atrito Dentário , Erosão Dentária , Desgaste dos Dentes , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Dente Molar , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Erosão Dentária/patologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/etiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/patologia
3.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 32(2): 75-78, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664297

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to identify the characteristics and severity of tooth wear in children aged 2 to 5 years attending a kindergarten in the city of Medellin. The study population comprised 92 children aged 2 to 5 years attending a kindergarten in Medellin; the final sample included 86 children selected using a non-probabilistic sampling method. All assessments were performed using the index devised by Hansson and Nilner (1989). Prevalence of tooth wear in the studied population was 100%. The observed results confirm previous findings showing that the severity of tooth wear is proportionally related with increase in age, and is mainly due to the physiological wear of teeth. No significant differences in tooth wear facets were observed among the different types of teeth (incisors, canines, molars). It is necessary to develop validated, precise, and comparable indices that allow establishing the etiology and orienting treatment of non-physiological tooth wear.


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/epidemiologia , Dente Decíduo , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Dentina/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Masculino , Dente Molar , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Erosão Dentária/etiologia
4.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 20(3): 189-193, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489816

RESUMO

AIM: To establish the relationship between dental erosion prevalence in children aged 6-14 and all the aetiological factors that lead to the development of the lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: A correlational cross-sectional study of a sample of 400 Valencian children was conducted. First, a questionnaire was completed to analyse the patients' health status, their dietary and oral hygiene habits, the kind of school they attended and their parents' academic level. Then, a clinical exploration of the permanent dentition was done, calculating the BEWE index and the risk of erosion for each patient. RESULTS: The prevalence of dental erosion of the studied sample was 22.3%. A positive correlation was observed between the presence of dental erosion and the frequent intake of fruit juices, carbonated and isotonic drinks (p<0.05), presenting a higher correlation if the liquid was kept in the mouth before swallowing. Aetiological factors such as the use of inhalers in patients with asthma (p=0.006), frequency of vomiting and regurgitation (p<0.001), frequent swimmers (p<0.001) or a low socioeconomic status (p<0.05) were also positively associated to the development of erosive lesions. STATISTICS: A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was performed, using the Mann-Whitney U and the Kruskal-Wallis tests in the latter. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that the frequent intake of fruit juices, carbonated and isotonic drinks, the use of inhalers and belonging to a low socioeconomic level family are factors positively associated to the development of erosive lesions.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Erosão Dentária , Adolescente , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
5.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(7): 450-455, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288324

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the preventive effect of resin infiltration and adhesive on early erosive enamel wear. Methods: Orthodontic reduction premolars collected from Central Laboratory of Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were used to prepare 70 specimens. Forty samples were divided into eight groups (n=5) and treated with different conditions (pH=1.6, 2.4, 3.2 or 4.0 hydrochloric acid solution, etching time was 30 or 60 s), and the conditions for obtaining early erosive enamel samples were selected. Based on this procedure, thirty early erosive enamel samples were made and divided into three groups: control group, resin infiltration group, and adhesive group. And the treatment of 30 days acid abrasion cycle was carried out. Confocal microscopy was used to measure the thickness changes of enamel or material before and after cycle. Results: Early erosive enamel samples was obtained when pH was 4.0 and etching time was 60 s. After 30 days cycle, the wear of enamel was (29.71±6.72) µm in control group, (5.60±2.24) µm in resin infiltration group and (2.89±1.03) µm in adhesive group. In infiltration group and adhesive group, lower enamel was not affected by the cycle, and the material loss ratios of the infiltration resin group and adhesive group were 0.41±0.14 and 0.29±0.13, respectively. The ratio of material loss was not significantly different (P>0.05). But infiltration group lost (12.95±2.22) µm of enamel during the application of the material. Conclusions: Resin infiltration and adhesive have the same short-term protective effect against early erosive enamel wear. Adhesive has less damage to enamel and better effect.


Assuntos
Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Esmalte Dentário , Ácido Clorídrico , Erosão Dentária , Adesivos/farmacologia , Dente Pré-Molar , Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ácido Clorídrico/farmacologia , Erosão Dentária/induzido quimicamente , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle
6.
Journal of Oral Investigations ; 8(1): 7-17, jan.-jun. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-994718

RESUMO

Objetivos: Avaliar a resistência adesiva de diferentes sistemas adesivos universais em esmalte e dentina erodidos. Métodos: As unidades experimentais foram compostas por 30 fragmentos de esmalte bovino e 30 fragmentos de dentina bovina divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos experimentais de acordo com os sistemas adesivos universais utilizados (n = 10): Single Bond Universal (3M ESPE), Peak Universal (Ultradent) e Ambar Universal (FGM). Previamente as restaurações, os fragmentos de esmalte e dentina foram submetidos à desafio erosivo em ácido cítrico a 0,3% (pH = 2,6) durante cinco minutos, quatro vezes por dia por cinco dias. Um cilindro de resina composta (Forma, Ultradent) com 2mm de diâmetro foi construído em cima de cada fragmento. A resistência ao cisalhamento foi avaliada em máquina de ensaio universal (1mm/min). Os valores obtidos de resistência da união (MPa) foram analisados por ANOVA dois fatores e teste de Bonferroni (α=0,05). Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa entre os sistemas adesivos testados no mesmo substrato. O esmalte apresentou maiores valores de resistência da união que a dentina. Houve predomínio da falha coesiva em resina no esmalte e falha adesiva na dentina. Conclusão: Os sistemas adesivos universais testados apresentaram resistência adesiva semelhantes entre si dentro do mesmo substrato erodido(AU)


Objectives: To evaluate the strength of different universal adhesive systems in enamel and eroded dentine. Materials and Methods: The experimental units were composed of 30 bovine enamel fragments and 30 bovine dentin fragments randomly divided into three experimental groups of enamel and three groups of dentin. The enamel and dentin samples were submitted to erosive challenge and procedures adhesion with adhesive systems divided into three levels according with universal adhesive systems used (n = 10): Single Bond Universal (3M ESPE), Peak Universal (Ultradent) and Ambar Universal (FGM). Previous the restorations, the enamel and dentin fragments were submitted to erosive challenge in 0.3% citric acid (pH = 2.6) for five minutes, four times per day in five days. A composite resin (Forma, Ultradent) cylinder with 2mm diameter was build-up in each fragment. The shear strength was evaluated in a universal test machine (1mm / min). The obtained values of bond strength (MPa) were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni test (α = 0.05). Results: There was no significant difference between adhesive systems tested on the same substrate. The enamel presented higher values of bond strength than dentin. There was a predominance of cohesive failure in resin in enamel and adhesive failure in dentin. Conclusions: The universal adhesive systems tested showed similar adhesive strength in the same eroded substrate(AU)


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária , Adesivos , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina
7.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(2): 200-206, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169150

RESUMO

Background: As childhood obesity is emerging in Saudi children and adolescents with high prevalence, it is considered as one of the major public health concerns. Therefore, it has been studied in relation to other diseases as a cause factor. Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate whether childhood obesity is a risk indicator for dental erosion and to obtain information on dietary habits that are related to dental erosion in overweight/obesity in a group of Saudi children and adolescents. Study Design: The study involved 370 children of both genders aged 4-18 years. The convenient sample included 190 overweight/obese children attending obesity clinic and 180 controls. Materials and Methods: Body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) was calculated and BMI percentile obtained based on the age- and sex-specific according to the Centers for Disease Control chart (normal 5th to <85th percentile, overweight 85th to <95th percentile, and obese ≥95th percentile). Dental examination and questionnaire were carried out by one calibrated and trained examiner on these children using the UK Children's Dental Health Survey Classification for dental erosion. Results: The prevalence of dental erosion was more significant in the study group (8.42%) than the normal group (2.78%). Its severity was higher in the form of loss of enamel surface characterization in the study group (86.36%) compared to controls (13.64%). Carbonated drinks that were taken at night and drinks that were taken at night and drunk without a straw showed higher prevalence of dental erosion (33.3% and 10.3%) in overweight/obese participants. Conclusions: Dental erosion can be regarded as a risk indicator of childhood obesity in the form of loss of enamel surface characterization. Efforts should be taken to reduce carbonated drinks intake and to change the method of drinking erosive potential drinks among overweight/obese children.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso , Erosão Dentária , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade , Prevalência , Arábia Saudita
8.
Swiss Dent J ; 129(6): 479-487, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169011

RESUMO

There is increasing evidence that the excessive consumption of acidic drinks and foods contributes to dental erosion and may be an important contributing factor for erosive tooth wear. The aims of the present contribution were twofold: (1) to assess the erosive potential of 116 dietary substances and medications; (2) to determine the chemical properties with an impact on the erosive potential. Using 300 deciduous and 1,020 permanent human teeth, enamel specimens were prepared and a pellicle was formed with human saliva. The erosive potential of the tested agents was quantified as the change in surface hardness of the specimens after 2 min of erosion. To characterise these agents, the following chemical properties were determined: pH, titratable acidity to pH 7, concentrations of Ca, Pi and F, as well as the degree of saturation with respect to hydroxyapatite. We conclude that some drinks, foodstuffs and medications may cause erosion. However, pH is not the only decisive factor, since some acidic substances did not cause dental erosion.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário , Erosão Dentária , Bebidas , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Alimentos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
11.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 17(4): 357-364, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204397

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of two preventive clinical treatments on bovine enamel susceptibility after erosive challenge induced by a soft drink. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen sound bovine incisors were used for this study. Three experimental groups were assigned as follows: Group 1 was the control group; Group 2 specimens received a CPP-ACPF paste treatment; and Group 3 specimens received a treatment with a product containing 1% nano-hydroxyapatite and 455 ppmF-. The specimens were submitted to erosive challenge using a common soft drink (Coca Cola). The erosive activity on the enamel was evaluated by measuring surface microhardness change (Vickers method), surface roughness alterations and surface loss (vertical scanning interferometry (VSI) method). The data were statistically analysed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's post-hoc test at a level of statistical significance a = 0.05. RESULTS: The tested treatments exhibited significantly lower decreases in surface microhardness compared to the control group after the erosive challenge (p < 0.05). The tested treatment groups did not show statistically significant lower increases in surface roughness compared to the control group (p > 0.05). In addition, the treatment groups exhibited statistically significant lower surface loss than the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Although the tested treatments reduced erosive activity, none of them provided complete protection against the development of enamel erosion, which means that they should be only used as a part of an individually tailored preventive programme.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária , Animais , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário , Durapatita , Pirazinas
12.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 97, 2019 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of erosive tooth wear (ETW) and its association with dental caries and the use of psychoactive substances among Finnish prisoners. METHODS: One hundred voluntary prisoners (90.9%) from the Pelso Prison participated in this cross-sectional clinical study between September 2014 and February 2015. Fifty prisoners were also interviewed using the one-on-one interviewing technique for their background factors and use of psychoactive substances. Basic Erosive Index (BEWE) (0-18) was used to measure erosive tooth wear. Decayed (D), missing (M), filled (F) and the number of remaining teeth (T) and DMFT were reported. The association between the different variables was tested and analysed by using cross tabulation. To test the association between the variables a logistic regression analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Almost all (90%) of the subjects had need for preventive and operative treatment for ETW. In addition, one in five (19%) suffered from severe erosive tooth wear. The use of psychoactive substances and pharmaceuticals is common, yet no association with ETW was found. Smoking and alcohol consumption were more common among younger prisoners than the older ones. There is an increased risk for ETW among older prisoners and major alcohol consumers. Past caries experience was associated with dental erosion. CONCLUSIONS: Erosive tooth wear is common among Finnish prisoners in their thirties. ETW is associated with dental caries and daily alcohol consumption.


Assuntos
Prisioneiros , Psicotrópicos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Desgaste dos Dentes/epidemiologia
13.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 108(5): 307-313, 2019.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940043

RESUMO

Tooth Erosions Associated with Gastroesophageal Reflux: Cause, Prevention and Restorative Therapy Abstract. Dental erosions are caused by the recurring contact of solutions which are unsaturated in tooth minerals,ith hard tooth substances. This initially leads to softening and later to an irreversible loss of hard tooth substance. Erosion is observed particularly with excessive consumption of acidic foods (e.g. soft drinks or citrus fruits) but also in connection with gastrointestinal (gastroesophageal reflux disease) or psychosomatic diseases (anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa). The aim of this article is to define dental erosions, their causes, prevalence and consequences as well as possible preventive measures. Based on a clinical example of a patient with reflux-related erosions, a therapy option with direct composite tooth build-up is presented.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Erosão Dentária , Humanos
14.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 7(2)abr.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005759

RESUMO

Introdução: as lesões dentárias não cariosas apresentam etiologia multifatorial e, caracterizam-se por ocasionar desgastes irreversíveis na estrutura dentária, sem envolvimento de microrganismos, podendo ser diagnosticadas como erosão (de origem intrínseca ou extrínseca), abfração, atrição ou abrasão. Objetivo: analisar o conhecimento de cirurgiões-dentistas a respeito do diagnóstico e do tratamento dos diferentes tipos de lesões dentárias não cariosas. Métodos: realizou-se estudo observacional, descritivo, de natureza quantitativa, utilizando-se, como instrumento de coleta de informações, um questionário semiestruturado aplicado em cirurgiões-dentistas do município de Fortaleza-CE. Os resultados foram analisados de forma descritiva e foi utilizado o teste de Qui-Quadrado com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: verificaram-se, entre os cirurgiões-dentistas, os seguintes percentuais de acerto referentes às lesões de abfração, abrasão, atrição, erosão de origem extrínseca, erosão de origem intrínseca e erosão de origem extrínseca associada à abrasão, respectivamente: 51,97%, 20,60%, 78,43%, 81,37%, 71,57% e 7,84%. Observou-se, também, associação estatisticamente significante positiva entre o conhecimento dos profissionais a respeito de lesões de abfração e atrição e o tempo de formado. Conclusão: embora grande parte dos profissionais tenham sido capazes de identificar um plano de tratamento adequado para os casos propostos em questão, o diagnóstico das lesões não cariosas não foi preciso, exceto quando se tratou de erosão de origem intrínseca ou extrínseca e atrição que obtiveram percentual de acertos acima de 70%.


Introduction: non-carious dental lesions present multifatorial etiology, and are characterized by irreversible wear on the tooth structure, without the involvement of microorganisms, and can be diagnosed as erosion (intrinsic or extrinsic), abfraction, attrition or abrasion. Objective: to analyze the knowledge of dental surgeons regarding the diagnosis and treatment of different types of non-carious dental lesions. Methods: a quantitative, observational, descriptive study was carried out using a semistructured questionnaire as a tool for collecting information applied to dentists in the city of Fortaleza-CE. The results were analyzed in a descriptive way and the chi-square test with significance level of 5% was used. Results: the following percentages were found for abfraction, abrasion, attrition, extrinsic erosion, intrinsic erosion, and extrinsic erosion associated with abrasion, respectively: 51.97%, 20.60%, 78.43%, 81.37%, 71.57% and 7.84%. It was also observed a statistically significant positive association between the professionals' knowledge regarding abfraction and attrition lesions and the time of formation. Conclusion: although many professionals were able to choose an adequate treatment plan for the proposed cases, the diagnosis of non-carious lesions was not precise, except for intrinsic or extrinsic erosion, and attrition that obtained a percentage of right answers above 70%.


Assuntos
Abrasão Dentária , Erosão Dentária , Atrito Dentário
15.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 43(3): 190-195, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034345

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of low calorie soda beverages on the enamel of primary teeth. Study Design: Fifty enamel slabs were prepared from twenty primary extracted teeth and were equally divided into five groups: a) 0.9% NaCl (Control), b) Coca-Cola Classic (Sucrose), c) Diet Coke (Aspartame), d) Zevia Cola (Erythritol), e) Coca-Cola Life (Stevia). Each specimen was exposed to the beverage for a total of sixty minutes. Enamel surface roughness was measured before and after the exposures using a LEXT OLS4000 3D Laser Measuring Microscope. Results: All tested sodas resulted to a statistically significant change on the surface roughness of the enamel (p =.000). However, this effect did not differ significantly between the different treatment groups (p =.103). Conclusions: Both regular soda and low calorie soda containing different commercial sweeteners appear to have an effect on the surface morphology of primary tooth enamel. Thus, it is important to discourage the intake of any type of soda as part of the dietary advice provided in the dental office.


Assuntos
Bebidas Gaseificadas , Esmalte Dentário , Edulcorantes , Erosão Dentária , Bebidas , Bebidas Gaseificadas/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Edulcorantes/efeitos adversos , Dente Decíduo
16.
Oper Dent ; 44(6): E279-E288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this trial was to investigate the diagnostic value of the basic erosive wear examination (BEWE) in clinical use, on dental photographs, and on dental casts over a two-year follow-up period (2013-2015). According to the main hypothesis for longitudinal monitoring of dental erosion, the BEWE is equally reproducible by the three assessment methods. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The clinical assessment included intraoral photographic documentation, dental impressions, oral examination, and assessment of BEWE. Clinical assessment of BEWE was done by one blinded examiner, whereas assessment on photographs and dental casts was performed by three calibrated examiners and repeated after 14 days. The three assessment methods were analyzed separately by longitudinal agreement and inter- and intrarater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient) alongside 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Comparing the longitudinal data of the years 2013-2015, clinical use and photographs showed no significant difference (p=0.0681-0.9963), whereas the statistical analysis showed a significant difference for dental casts by comparing data from 2013 vs 2014 (p=0.0266) as well as data from 2013 vs 2015 (p=0.0001). Statistical evaluation of overall BEWE showed an intrarater reliability of 0.79-0.91 for photographs and 0.60-0.87 for dental casts. The interrater reliability was 0.77 (95% CI=[0.69; 0.84]) for photographs and 0.63 (95% CI=[0.52; 0.72]) for dental casts. CONCLUSION: This investigation showed that in longitudinal clinical monitoring, the assessment of the BEWE on patients and dental photographs yielded comparable results. In addition, based on these findings, the assessment of the BEWE on dental casts showed moderate reproducibility. Therefore, dental casts may be better used for laboratory assessment techniques.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária , Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Diagnóstico Bucal , Humanos , Fotografia Dentária , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Microsc Res Tech ; 82(7): 1114-1126, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30907056

RESUMO

Microenergy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (µ-EDXRF) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to test the hypothesis that zirconia modified glass ionomer cement (GIC) could improve resistance to erosion-abrasion to a greater extent than conventional cement. Bovine enamel (n = 40) and dentin (n = 40) samples were prepared with cavities, filled with one of the two restorative materials (GIC: glass-ionomer cement or ZrGIC: zirconia-modified GIC). Furthermore, the samples were treated with abrasion-saliva (AS) or abrasion-erosion cycles (AE). Erosive cycles (immersion in orange juice, three times/day for a duration of 1 min over a 5 day period) and/or abrasive challenges (electric toothbrush, three times/day for a duration of 1 min over a 5 day period) were performed. Positive mineral variation (MV%) on the enamel after erosion-abrasion was observed for both materials (p < 0.05), whereas a negative MV% on the dentin was observed for both materials and treatments (p < 0.05). The SEM images showed clear enamel loss after erosion-abrasion treatment and material degradation was greater in GIC_AE compared to those of the other groups. Toothbrush abrasion showed a synergistic effect with erosion on substance loss of bovine enamel, dentin, GIC, and ZrGIC restorations. Zirconia addition to the GIC powder improved the resistance to abrasive-erosive processes. The ZrGIC materials may find application as a restorative material due to improved resistance as well as in temporary restorations and fissure sealants.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Teste de Materiais , Zircônio/química , Animais , Bovinos , Cárie Dentária , Dentina/patologia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Saliva , Espectrometria por Raios X , Erosão Dentária , Escovação Dentária
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 37, 2019 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Special Olympics (SO) events represent an opportunity to obtain considerable information regarding intellectual disable (ID) patients. Studies done with SO data have shown an overview of the oral health status of these athletes; however, no information exists regarding the erosive tooth wear (ETW). Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the presence and severity of ETW in athletes with ID who participated in the SO Belgium 2016. METHODS: The study population consisted in 232 athletes with ID who participated in the SO special smiles program, Belgium 2016. For analysis, the sample was divided in three groups: a) athletes with ID under the age of 25 not diagnosed with Down Syndrome (DS) (n = 174), b) athletes with DS under the age of 25 (n = 39) and c) athletes with DS from 25 and older ages (n = 58). Two calibrated dentists performed dental examinations using the Basic Erosive Wear Examination Index (BEWE). The BEWE sum > 0 was used to determine prevalence of ETW. Severity was determined by two- indicators: 1) By risk levels (low, medium and high risk) proposed by the BEWE index, and 2) by the highest score reached per subject in at least one tooth (BEWE1, 2 or 3). Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to detect significant differences among different groups (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The prevalence of ETW for young athletes with ID was 51.14%. Within these athletes, the DS group presented a significant higher mean BEWE sum (4.67, SD 5.64) and prevalence of ETW (69.2%BEWE> 0) when compared to athletes without DS (mean BEWE sum: 1.96, SD 3.47 and 46.3% BEWE> 0; p < 0.05). Furthermore, a significantly higher percentage of athletes with DS were considered at high risk of ETW (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: As a conclusion, half of the young athletes with ID presented at least one affected surface with ETW. The recorded prevalence and severity of ETW for the younger group of athletes with DS was distinctly higher than the athletes with ID not having DS. This shows the need to generate knowledge in order to provide correct management and prevention of erosive tooth wear in populations with ID.


Assuntos
Deficiência Intelectual , Erosão Dentária , Desgaste dos Dentes/epidemiologia , Idoso , Atletas , Bélgica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência
19.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 126(3): 141-150, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30838981

RESUMO

Eating disorders represent a potentially life-threatening group of mental disorders, which affect a patient's relationship with food and their body. Eating disorders manifest themselves through chaotic and disordered eating habits. One such eating disorder is bulimia nervosa, which has a lifetime prevalence of 1%. While there is consensus that bulimic behaviour directly causes dental erosion due to vomiting and acidic food choices, there is less clear evidence for a direct link between bulimia nervosa and dental caries, although there does still appear to be an association. Reduced salivary flow rate is a common feature among bulimics, but this is more often due to anti-depressant medication than dietary habits or vomiting, and the effects are largely limited to unstimulated whole salivaryflow rate and do not affect stimulated whole salivary flow rate. Parotid enlargement is present in a number of cases.


Assuntos
Bulimia Nervosa , Cárie Dentária , Erosão Dentária , Bulimia Nervosa/complicações , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Prevalência
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4785, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-998223

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate in situ the effect of toothpastes containing casein phosphopeptide - amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate associated to fluoride (CPP-ACPF) on initial erosion prevention. Material and Methods: Bovine enamel blocks (n = 192) were randomly assigned into 4 phases according to the baseline surface hardness: GI: CPP-ACP Paste (MI Paste™), GII: CPP-ACPF Paste (MI Paste Plus™), GIII: Fluoridated paste and GIV: Placebo Paste. In each of the 4 crossover phases, twelve volunteers wore intraoral palatal appliances containing 4 enamel blocks for 2 hours, then the tested treatments were applied intraorally (3 min) and the appliance was maintained in the mouth for another 3 hours. After, the appliances were removed and immersed in hydrochloric acid (0.01 M, pH 2.3) for 30 seconds to promote erosive demineralization. The final surface hardness was evaluated and percentage of surface hardness loss was calculated. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 5%). Results: The application of CPP-ACP paste, independent of fluoride content, resulted in significant lower enamel hardness loss (GI: 9.26% ±3.48 and GII: 9.14% ±1.73) compared to NaF (GIII: 15.5% ± 3.94) and placebo (GIV: 16.7% ± 4.07) pastes, which did not show difference between them. Conclusion: The CPP-ACP pastes were able to reduce initial erosive demineralization in relation to fluoride and placebo pastes. Nevertheless the formulation of CPP-ACP with fluoride did not provide an additional benefit.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cremes Dentais , Fluoreto de Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Desmineralização do Dente/diagnóstico , Brasil , Método Duplo-Cego , Análise de Variância , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
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