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1.
J Dent Res ; 99(2): 168-174, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944893

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a dental nurse-delivered intervention-the Dental RECUR Brief Negotiated Interview for Oral Health (DR-BNI)-in reducing the recurrence of dental caries in children who have a primary tooth extracted. It was based on a 2-arm multicenter randomized controlled trial with blinded outcome assessment. Participants were 5- to 7-y-old children (n = 241) scheduled to have primary teeth extracted in 12 UK centers. Test intervention parents (n = 119) received DR-BNI led by trained dental nurses. DR-BNI is a 30-min structured conversation informed by motivational interviewing with a forward focus to prevent future caries. Preventive goals are agreed, and a review appointment is made with child's general dental practitioner, who is advised to treat the child as being at high caries risk. The control intervention (n = 122) was a parent-nurse conversation about child's future tooth eruption, with advice given to visit a general dental practitioner as usual. At baseline, the DR-BNI group's mean dmft was 6.8, and the control group's was 6.3. A median of 5 teeth were extracted, mainly under general anesthesia. Final dental assessments were conducted by a single examiner visiting 189 schools 2 y after intervention; 193 (80%) of 241 children were examined. In the control group, 62% developed new caries in teeth that were caries-free or unerupted at baseline, as compared with 44% in the test group, a significant reduction (P = 0.021). The odds of new caries experience occurring were reduced by 51% in the DR-BNI group as compared with control. There was a 29% decrease in the relative risk of new caries experience in the DR-BNI group as compared with control. This single low-cost, low-intensity intervention was successful in significantly reducing the risk of recurrence of dental caries in children. This trial has implications for changing pediatric dental practice internationally. Training in and implementation of a motivational interviewing-informed brief intervention provides opportunities for dental nurses to facilitate behavior change improving the oral health of children at high caries risk (ISRCTN 24958829).

2.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 144: 105214, 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935464

RESUMO

There are many kinds of potentially undesirable teeth. At present, surgical extraction is the most efficient way to eliminate these teeth, but it's very complex and invasive. In this study, we investigated the effects of bleomycin (BLM) on dental follicle and tooth eruption as a potential conservative therapy for undesirable teeth. Our data showed that local injection of 0.2 U/kg BLM had no significant effects on tooth eruption compared to the control group in Wistar rats. With higher dose of BLM (0.5 or 2 U/kg), the eruption of treated teeth was interrupted and their root formation failed until 4 weeks postnatal without significant systemic toxicity. Additionally, those effects were not depending on the toxicity of overdose evidenced by TUNEL assay. In summary, injecting BLM into dental follicle at an early stage could interrupt tooth development and eruption, and may prevent the potentially clinical problems resulting from undesirable teeth instead of surgical removal.

3.
Dent Traumatol ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797551

RESUMO

When a traumatic dental injury affects the deciduous teeth, the main management is to regularly review the patient until the successor permanent tooth erupts to avoid further consequences to the affected tooth and, especially, sequelae in the tooth germs of the successor permanent tooth. This report describes a case of a tooth extrusion in a 4-year-old male treated with a minimally invasive approach. After four years of follow up, there was a mild disturbance (demarcated opacity in the vestibular surface) and a satisfactory result with normal eruption of the permanent successor tooth.

4.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 11: 357-365, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819657

RESUMO

Purpose: Oligodontia significantly affects oral function and esthetics. Recognition of skeletal and dental patterns may aid in proper diagnosis and development of appropriate interventions. The aim of this study was to analyze skeletal and dental patterns for pre-adolescent patients with a diagnosis of oligodontia. Patients and methods: This study included 19 oligodontia patients (age: 9.5±1.3, Hellman's developmental stage IIIA~IIIB) along with a control group that comprised of 19 participants (age: 9.9±1.6) without any skeletal disharmony or congenitally missing teeth, with an Angle class I relationship and general crowding. Average cephalometric measurements among the oligodontia group were compared to the control group. The correlation between number of congenitally missing teeth (CMT) and each measurement was investigated. Skeletal measurements for both male and female patients in the oligodontia group and the control group were also compared. Results: No significant difference between the experimental and the control group was observed with respect to skeletal angular and linear measurements, except the gonial angle. Differences in dental pattern measurements were observed. The oligodontia group had significantly smaller Mo-Ms and Is-Mo than the control group (p<0.01). No correlation was detected between severity of oligodontia (number of CMT) and skeletal measurement except for SNB (R=-0.4). For females with oligodontia, Mo-Ms (eruption of maxillary first molar) and Is-Mo (mesial location of maxillary first molar) significantly differed from females in the control group (p<0.01). In contrast, no differences in Mo-Ms or Is-Mo were detected for male patients when oligodontia and control group were compared. Conclusion: Among pre-adolescent Japanese patients with oligodontia in Hellman's developmental age IIIA~IIIB, no significant differences in skeletal characteristics were established when compared to the control group. However, tooth position of maxillary first molars indicated smaller vertical descent and mesial shift, which may suggest weak maxillary vertical development.

5.
Front Vet Sci ; 6: 357, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788479

RESUMO

Lack of dental eruption may be accompanied by development of dentigerous cysts and has also been rarely associated with neoplasia. However, little information is available on prevalence of unerupted teeth and associated lesions in dogs and cats. The main objective of this study was to describe the epidemiologic data of canine and feline dental patients with unerupted teeth, and assess the prevalence of associated dentigerous cysts and tumors. Secondary aims included the evaluation of possible factors implicated in cystic development, and description of the histological features of dentigerous cysts. Medical and dental records, intraoral photographs, intraoral radiographs of client-owned dogs and cats with clinically missing teeth examined between 2001 and March 2018 were reviewed. Collected data included signalment, reason for presentation, number, type, depth of inclusion and angulation of unerupted teeth, presence of cystic lesions or tumors, abnormalities affecting involved teeth, histopathological findings, performed treatment and outcome. Seventy-three animals (69 dogs and 4 cats) with 113 unerupted teeth were included. The most frequent unerupted tooth in dogs was the first premolar teeth (78%), followed by the canine and third molar teeth. Dentigerous cysts were diagnosed associated with 48 (44.4%) teeth in dogs and one out of five unerupted teeth in cats. The affected teeth in dogs were predominantly in horizontal inclination (40%) and in soft tissue inclusion (77%). Brachycephalic canine breeds were overrepresented. The only unerupted tooth in boxer dogs was the first premolar tooth (32 teeth). Ninety percentage of boxers with unerupted teeth developed associated lesions (25 dentigerous cysts and one tumor). Two ameloblastomas (one in a dog and one in a cat) and one osteosarcoma (in a dog) were diagnosed in association with three unerupted teeth. Histology was essential in diagnosing two odontogenic cysts not evident on radiographs. In all cases that were followed-up, treatment (i.e., extraction, extraction and surgical curettage, or operculectomy) appeared successful. Untreated dentigerous cysts showed progression at re-examination. None of the unerupted teeth without evidence of cyst at the time of diagnosis showed incipient cystic development. None of the evaluated factors were associated with lack of eruption and/or development of associated lesions.

6.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 28(4): 426-429, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792487

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of impacted supernumerary teeth in 115 patients. METHODS: One hundred and fifteen patients with im-pacted supernumerary teeth who were admitted to the Department of Oral and Max-illofacial Surgery of Hefei Stomatological Hospital were selected randomly. The age, sex, number of teeth, location, direction, clinical manifestation, anaes-thesia method and operation time were analyzed retrospectively, T test and Chi-square test were used to determine the statistical differences with SPSS 19.0 software package. RESULTS: Among 115 patients, there were 176 impacted supernu-merary, most of them were in mixed dentition period (66.96%), the sex ratio was 2.29:1, and Most patients (59.1%) had one supernumerary tooth, followed by two supernumerary teeth(33.9%). Most supernumerary teeth were located in the middle of the maxilla (68.2%). Inverted ones were the most common (52.8%). The most common symptoms were delayed eruption, displacement, crowding, torsion and space of the adjacent teeth. 92.2% of patients underwent general anesthesia. The dee-per the locations of impacted supernumerary were, the longer the operation time was. CONCLUSIONS: There are regional characteristics of supernumerary teeth in Hefei City, which can provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 28(4): 430-434, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792488

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of impacted supernumerary teeth in 115 patients. METHODS: One hundred and fifteen patients with im-pacted supernumerary teeth who were admitted to the Department of Oral and Max-illofacial Surgery of Hefei Stomatological Hospital were selected randomly. The age, sex, number of teeth, location, direction, clinical manifestation, anaes-thesia method and operation time were analyzed retrospectively, T test and Chi-square test were used to determine the statistical differences with SPSS 19.0 software package. RESULTS: Among 115 patients, there were 176 impacted supernu-merary, most of them were in mixed dentition period (66.96%), the sex ratio was 2.29:1, and Most patients (59.1%) had one supernumerary tooth, followed by two supernumerary teeth(33.9%). Most supernumerary teeth were located in the middle of the maxilla (68.2%). Inverted ones were the most common (52.8%). The most common symptoms were delayed eruption, displacement, crowding, torsion and space of the adjacent teeth. 92.2% of patients underwent general anesthesia. The dee-per the locations of impacted supernumerary were, the longer the operation time was. CONCLUSIONS: There are regional characteristics of supernumerary teeth in Hefei City, which can provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

8.
Oral Dis ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary failure of eruption (PFE) is a genetic disorder exhibiting the cessation of tooth eruption. Loss-of-function mutations in parathyroid hormone (PTH)/parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) receptor (PTH/PTHrP receptor, PPR) were reported as the underlying cause of this disorder in humans. We showed in a PFE mouse model that PTHrP-PPR signaling is responsible for normal dental follicle cell differentiation and tooth eruption. However, the mechanism underlying the eruption defect in PFE remains undefined. In this descriptive study, we aim to chronologically observe tooth eruption and root formation of mouse PFE molars through 3D-micro CT analyses. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Two individual with PFE were recruited at Showa University. A Mouse PFE model was generated by deleting PPR specifically in PTHrP-expressing dental follicle, and divided into three groups, PPRfl/fl ;R26RtdTomato/+ (Control), PTHrP-creER;PPRfl/+ ;R26RtdTomato/+ (cHet) and PTHrP-creER;PRRfl/fl ;R26RtdTomato/+ (cKO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Images from human PFE subjects were acquired by CBCT. All groups of mouse samples were studied at postnatal day 14, 25, 91 and 182 after a tamoxifen pulse at P3, and superimposition of 3D-microCT images among three groups was rendered. RESULTS: Mouse and human PFE molars exhibited a similar presentation in the 3D CT analyses. The quantitative analysis in mice demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in the eruption height of cKO first and second molars compared to other groups after postnatal day 25. Additionally, cKO molars demonstrated significantly shortened roots with dilacerations associated with the reduced interradicular bone height. CONCLUSIONS: Mouse PFE molars erupt at a much slower rate compared to normal molars, associated with shortened and dilacerated roots and defective interradicular bones.

9.
J Periodontol ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individuals with altered passive eruption (APE) are assumed to be more susceptible to periodontal diseases. To date, this hypothesis has not been sufficiently supported by scientific evidence. The aim of this study, using an experimental gingivitis model, was to examine the development and resolution of gingival inflammation in patients with APE when compared to patients with normal gingival anatomy. METHODS: A localized experimental gingivitis was induced in 9 patients with APE (test group) and 9 patients without APE (control group) in the maxillary right quadrant. After 21 days, patients were instructed to resume proper home oral hygiene procedures. At baseline (day 0) and at days 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42, plaque index (PlI), gingival index (GI), and gingival crevicular fluid volume (GCF) were evaluated for teeth 6 (canine), 7 (lateral incisor) and 9 (central incisor) of test and control groups. RESULTS: During the experimental gingivitis phase (days 0 - 21), the rate of change in gingival inflammation (GI) was dramatically different between the APE test group and the control group. On day 21, at the time of maximum plaque accumulation, the GI of the APE test group was a 109% greater than the GI of the test group (p≤ 0.001) despite similar plaque levels (P = 0.436). During the resolution of inflammation phase (days 22 - 42), the APE test group continued to exhibit statistically higher GI scores than the control group (P = 0.029). CONCLUSION: In the presence of similar amounts of plaque deposits and plaque accumulation rates, APE patients exhibited differences in the development and resolution of plaque-induced gingival inflammation when compared to controls. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
EMBO J ; : e102374, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830314

RESUMO

Renewal of integumentary organs occurs cyclically throughout an organism's lifetime, but the mechanism that initiates each cycle remains largely unknown. In a miniature pig model of tooth development that resembles tooth development in humans, the permanent tooth did not begin transitioning from the resting to the initiation stage until the deciduous tooth began to erupt. This eruption released the accumulated mechanical stress inside the mandible. Mechanical stress prevented permanent tooth development by regulating expression and activity of the integrin ß1-ERK1-RUNX2 axis in the surrounding mesenchyme. We observed similar molecular expression patterns in human tooth germs. Importantly, the release of biomechanical stress induced downregulation of RUNX2-wingless/integrated (Wnt) signaling in the mesenchyme between the deciduous and permanent tooth and upregulation of Wnt signaling in the epithelium of the permanent tooth, triggering initiation of its development. Consequently, our findings identified biomechanical stress-associated Wnt modulation as a critical initiator of organ renewal, possibly shedding light on the mechanisms of integumentary organ regeneration.

11.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0221137, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877131

RESUMO

The curved planes of the human dentition seen in the sagittal view, the mandibular curve of Spee and the maxillary compensating curve, have clinical importance to modern dentistry and potential relevance to the craniofacial evolution of hominins. However, the mechanism providing the formation of these curved planes is poorly understood. To explore this further, we use a simplified finite element model, consisting of maxillary and mandibular "blocks", developed to simulate tooth eruption, and forces opposing eruption, during simplified masticatory function. We test our hypothesis that curved occlusal planes develop from interplay between tooth eruption, occlusal load, and mandibular movement. Our results indicate that our simulation of rhythmic chewing movement, tooth eruption, and tooth eruption inhibition, applied concurrently, results in a transformation of the contacting maxillary and mandibular block surfaces from flat to curved. The depth of the curvature appears to be dependent on the radius length of the rotating (chewing) movement of the mandibular block. Our results suggest mandibular function and maxillo-mandibular spatial relationship may contribute to the development of human occlusal curvature.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19895, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882595

RESUMO

The anti-bone resorptive drugs denosumab, an anti-human-RANKL antibody, and zoledronic acid (ZOL), a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, have recently been applied for treatment of pediatric patients with bone diseases, though details regarding their effects in growing children have yet to be fully elucidated. In the present study, we administered these anti-resorptive drugs to mice from the age of 1 week and continued once-weekly injections for a total of 7 times. Mice that received the anti-RANKL antibody displayed normal growth and tooth eruption, though osteopetrotic bone volume gain in long and alveolar bones was noted, while there were nearly no osteoclasts and a normal of number osteoblasts observed. In contrast, ZOL significantly delayed body growth, tooth root formation, and tooth eruption, with increased osteoclast and decreased osteoblast numbers. These findings suggest regulation of tooth eruption via osteoblast differentiation by some types of anti-resorptive drugs.

13.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 20(10): 1217-1222, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883260

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate eruption pattern and occurrence of caries in children affected with fluorosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty subjects (75 each with/without fluorosis) with age group of 7-8 years were selected. Dental fluorosis assessed on the buccal surfaces of the permanent incisors and molars and scored using the Thylstrup and Fejerskov index. The tooth were scored as emerged when at least one cusp of the tooth was visible in the mouth. Caries attack rate in primary and permanent teeth were estimated using DMFS and defs index in fluorosis patient. The findings were subjected to statistical analysis. The data were analyzed using Student "t" test and ANOVA "F" test. RESULTS: There was statistically highly significant difference found in the incidence of occlusal, mesioproximal, and distoproximal caries between fluorotic and nonfluorotic patients (p < 0.001). The result of present study showed a nonsignificant association between fluoride exposure parameter and median emergence ages of permanent incisors and molar teeth. On the other hand, caries occurrence shows a significant association with fluorosis. CONCLUSION: In this study, a significant positive correlation exists in the prevalence of caries and fluorosis. It is concluded that occlusal and proximal caries are less pronounced in fluorosis patients. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dental caries is a public health problem. In this study, we study the fluoride effect since the predominant cariostatic effect of fluoride is beneficial in extensive caries reduction without a concomitant risk of dental fluorosis. How to cite this article: Trivedi S, Trivedi A, Banda NR, et al. Evaluation of Eruption Pattern and Caries Occurrence among Children Affected with Fluorosis. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019;20(10):1217-1222.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluorose Dentária , Criança , Índice CPO , Fluoretos , Humanos , Prevalência , Erupção Dentária
14.
Br Dent J ; 227(11): 944-945, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844201
15.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(5): 788-793, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854375

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the displacement and stress pattern in periodontal ligament (PDL) of palatally impacted canines (PIC) lateral incisors (LI) and first premolars (FP) adjacent to the impacted teeth when different magnitudes of orthodontic extrusion forces were applied along with variation in the inclination of the impacted teeth. Methodology: A three-dimensional finite element model of a maxilla containing a palatally impacted canine was made with three different inclinations of the palatally impacted canine (model one, model two, and model three). Forces of 50, 70, and 100 g were loaded on the impacted tooth. Results: There was steady increase in the initial rate of displacement in the three teeth when the magnitude of the force that was applied on to the PIC increased. The initial rate of displacement was more in the FP tooth as compared to LI and the impacted teeth. The von Mises stress on the PDL varied along with the variation in the inclination of the impacted canine. Conclusion: The study showed that there was variation in the displacement and the stress distribution in the impacted canine when it was placed in different angulations. The rate of displacement of the impacted teeth reduced when the crown of the palatally impacted canines (PIC) was inclined more mesial. The use of minimal forces is ideal to extrude the impacted canines as observed from the study that the PDL stress increases with increase in the magnitude of force.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Dente Canino , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Maxila , Extrusão Ortodôntica
16.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(5): 803-806, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854378

RESUMO

Some tools can be used as an aid to the surgical planning for gummy smile correction, such as digital smile design (DSD), which allows to determine patterns of harmony and eventual asymmetries between teeth and gums. This work aims to report a gummy smile correction using DSD as reverse planning. The clinical examination revealed the presence of gummy smile and extensive bone exostosis in the premolar region. DSD was performed in the upper arch, determining the amount of gingiva to be removed, thus providing more safety and precision to the procedure. The surgery was performed by performing using an internal bevel incisions, detachment of a full thickness flap, and osteotomy and osteoplasty. After 6 months of preservation, there was an increase in the clinical crown of the teeth, with smile harmony, less exposure of the gingiva in the smile and a high level of patient aesthetic satisfaction.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Gengiva , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Satisfação do Paciente , Sorriso
17.
Odontoestomatol ; 21(34): 57-64, Jul-Dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1025100

RESUMO

Paciente de sexo femenino de 13 años de edad que acudió al servicio de Odontopediatría del Instituto de Salud Oral del Hospital Central de la Fuerza Aérea de Perú en el mes de setiembre del año 2018 debido a una renovación en la prótesis parcial provisional que utilizaba desde hace cinco meses. Al examen clínico extraoral se evidenció lesiones cicatrizales en la piel de la región nasal; durante la evaluación intraoral se evidenció la pérdida de múltiples dientes, rebordes edéntulos amplios y delgados, alteraciones en la morfología dentaria, así como discordancia de la erupción dentaria con la edad de la paciente. Al examen radiográfico se evidenció alteración y retardo en la erupción dentaria, impactación de un diente en la mandíbula, falta de desarrollo radicular y persistencia de dientes temporales. El diagnóstico médico definitivo fue el Síndrome de Bloch ­ Sulzberger también denominado como "incontinencia pigmentaria". Este síndrome se caracteriza por presentar una variedad de manifestaciones orales como: agenesia dentaria, alteración en la morfología dentaria, dientes retenidos y/o impactados así como alteración y retraso en la erupción dentaria. A nivel sistémico este síndrome presenta lesiones que afectan a la piel, pelo, visión, sistema nervioso central, entre otros.


A 13-year-old female patient went to the pediatric dentistry service of the Oral Health Institute of the Central Air Force Hospital of Peru in September of 2018. She sought care to have her temporary partial prosthesis renewed. The extraoral clinical examination showed scar lesions on the skin of the nasal region; the intraoral evaluation showed the loss of multiple teeth, wide and thin edentulous ridges, alterations in dental morphology, as well as the inconsistency of the dental eruption with the patient's age. The radiographic examination showed alteration and delay in dental eruption, impaction of a tooth in the jaw, lack of root development and persistence of temporary teeth. The definitive medical diagnosis was BlochSulzberger Syndrome, also referred to as "pigmentary incontinence". This syndrome is characterized by presenting a variety of oral manifestations such as dental agenesis, alteration in dental morphology, retained and/or impacted teeth as well as alteration anddelay in dental eruption. At a systemic level, this syndrome has lesions that affect the skin, hair, vision, central nervous system, among others.


Paciente do sexo feminino, 13 anos, que compareceu ao Serviço de Odontopediatria do Instituto de Saúde Bucal do Hospital Central da Força Aérea do Peru, em setembro de 2018, devido à renovação da prótese parcial provisória utilizada por ela. por cinco meses. O exame clínico extraoral mostrou lesões cicatriciais na pele da região nasal; Durante a avaliação intraoral, a perda de múltiplos dentes, cristas edêntulas, extensas e finas, alterações na morfologia dentária, bem como a incongruência da erupção dentária com a idade do paciente foi evidente. O exame radiográfico mostrou alteração e atraso na erupção dentária, impactação de um dente na mandíbula, falta de desenvolvimento radicular e persistência de dentes temporários. O diagnóstico médico definitivo foi a síndrome de Bloch - Sulzberger, também conhecida como "incontinência pigmentar". A síndrome é caracterizada por apresentar uma variedade de manifestações bucais, como: agenesia dentária, alteração na morfologia dentária, retenção e / ou impacto dos dentes, bem como alteração e atraso na erupção dentária. Em nível sistêmico, essa síndrome apresenta lesões que afetam a pele, o cabelo, a visão, o sistema nervoso central, entre outros.


Assuntos
Humanos , Incontinência Pigmentar , Manifestações Bucais , Erupção Dentária , Anodontia
18.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 7(2): 11-22, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046551

RESUMO

Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre los factores internos que influyen en la gestante hasta la vigésima semana de gestación y que producen alteraciones en la cronología y la secuencia de erupción de los dientes primarios de sus niños. Metodología: El presente estudio fue observacional, analítico y retroprospectivo. La población y muestra estuvo compuesta por 150 niños, atendidos en el servicio de crecimiento y desarrollo (CRED) que presentaron alguna alteración en la cronología o secuencia de erupción de los dientes temporal, y las historias clínicas de sus respectivas madres, que acuden al Centro de Salud Materno Infantil Pachacútec Perú-Corea (Callao, 2017). Para ello, debieron cumplir los siguientes criterios de inclusión: madres que acepten participar con su menor hijo en el proyecto de investigación, niños entre 6 y 31 meses que acuden al servicio de crecimiento y desarrollo (CRED), que presenten alguna alteración en la cronología o secuencia de erupción dental. Niños con peso y talla normal, y con lactancia exclusiva los primeros seis meses de vida. Madres que tengan sus historias clínicas completas con sus controles de gestación, que acudan al centro de salud y tengan entre 20 y 35 años. Los criterios de exclusión fueron los siguientes: madres o niños que no pertenezcan a la jurisdicción del centro de salud, niños con desnutrición o con alimentación basada en fórmula (artificial), niños con algún síndrome o prematuros, niños con enfermedades sistémicas. Resultados: Los factores que influyeron en la gestación se evaluaron por medio de la prueba estadística Chi cuadrado y se trabajaron a un nivel de significancia de 0,05. Al analizar la asociación entre las enfermedades infecciosas y las alteraciones en la cronología se encontró que en enfermedades como las ITU, que son las más comunes (82,8%), presentó un nivel de significancia p = 0,000. En el caso de la asociación entre las enfermedades infecciosas y las alteraciones en la secuencia se encontró que, en las enfermedades como las ITU, un 88.1% presentaron un nivel de significancia p = 0,008. Se hallaron porcentajes menores en enfermedades como la hipertensión (4,1%), la salud mental (3,3%) y enfermedades nutricionales (9,8%), en lo que respecta a la cronología En el caso de la secuencia, fueron la hipertensión (2,4%), la salud mental (2,4%) y las enfermedades nutricionales (7,1%). Con respecto al sexo y la asociación con alteraciones en la cronología de erupción, los resultados fueron del 49,2% para el sexo femenino y el 50,8% para el masculino (p = 0,271). Con respecto al sexo y la asociación con alteraciones en la secuencia de erupción, los resultados fueron del 54,8% para el femenino y el 45,2% para el masculino (p = 0,600). Conclusiones: Se encontró asociación significativamente estadística entre la enfermedad infecciosa y la alteración en la cronología con el retraso de la erupción de los dientes primarios. Se encontró asociación significativamente estadística entre la enfermedad infecciosa y las alteraciones en la secuencia de erupción; sin embargo, no fue tan categórica como la alteración en cronología, por lo que se sugiere profundizar la investigación. (AU)


Objective: To determine the association between the internal factors that influenced the pregnant woman up to the twentieth week of gestation, producing alterations in the eruption of the primary teeth of her children. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES First; To determine the association of the factors that influenced the pregnant woman up to the twentieth week of gestation and the alterations in the chronology of eruption of the primary teeth of her children. Second; to determine the association of the factors that influenced the pregnant woman during the twentieth week of gestation and the alterations in the eruption sequence of the primary teeth of her children and third; to determine the association of the diseases produced in the gestation period and the repercussion in the alteration of the chronology and eruption sequences. Methodology: The present study will be observational, analytical retro prospective population and sample is 150 children, assisted in the service of growth and development (CRED). That they present some alteration in the chronology and / or sequence of eruption of the temporary teeth and the clinical histories of their respective mothers, who come to the Center of Maternal and Child Health Pachacutec Peru Korea Lima Callao, 2017, that fulfill the following CRITERIA OF INCLUSION Mothers that agree to participate with their youngest child in the research project, Children between 6 to 31 months of age who attend the service of growth and development (CRED), that presents some alteration in the chronology or sequence of eruption. Children with normal weight and height and with exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. Mothers who have their complete medical records with their pregnancy controls, who belong to the health center between 20 to 35 years. EXCLUSION CRITERIA, Mothers or children that do not belong to the jurisdiction of the health center. Children with mal nutrition or with a diet based on formula (artificial). Children with some syndrome or premature. Children with systemic diseases. Results: The factors that influenced the gestation that are found and that are evaluated in the middle of the statistical test in the square and the tests are worked at a level of significance of 0.05. The association between infectious diseases and alterations in chronology has been found in diseases such as the ITU which is the most common 82.8% with the level of significance (P °) p = 0.000) The association between infectious diseases and alterations In the sequence we have found that diseases such as UTI in 88.1% with a level of significance (P °) p = 0.008) Finding lower percentages in diseases such as hypertension with 4.1%, mental health 3.3% nutritional diseases 9.8% in what is chronology. In the sequence was found for hypertension 2.4% for mental health 2.4% nutritional diseases 7.1%. Respect to the sex with association in alterations in the chronology of the feminine eruption 49.2% and masculine 50.8%, p ° = 0.271. Respect to the sex with association in alterations in the sequence of feminine eruption 54.8% and masculine 45.2%, p ° = 0.600. Conclusions: A relationship was found between the statistics and the alteration in the chronology with the delay of the eruption of the primary teeth. A relationship between the statistic, the infectious one and the alterations in the sequence of the eruption have been found, however, it is not as categorical as the alteration in the chronology. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Erupção Dentária , Gestantes
19.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 37(4): 327-332, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710005

RESUMO

Introduction: Dental caries is the most prevailing disease not only affecting permanent dentition, but also involving deciduous dentition. Deciduous teeth are considered a best space maintainer and preserve arch integrity for eruption of succedaneous permanent teeth. General dental practitioners (GDPs) seem to be less interventionist in their investigation and treatment planning and many times, the treatment done remains incomplete either due to the lack of knowledge of the dentist or due to noncooperation of the child and/or parents. Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice among GDPs of Vadodara city regarding standardized treatment protocol (STP) for pulp therapy in deciduous dentition. Materials and Methods: This questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding standardized treatment options available for pulp therapy in deciduous dentition. The distribution of the self-made questionnaire pro forma was done in person to all the GDPs after obtaining their prior appointments. The GDPs were grouped on the basis of qualification and total clinical experience in years. The questionnaire consisted of 11 questions. The data were collected, and descriptive statistical analysis was performed. The Chi-square test was used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice among different groups of GDPs. Results: A statistically significant difference was observed in knowledge regarding STP for pulp therapy in deciduous dentition among both the groups, which is based on the qualification and on the year of clinical experience. Conclusion: Qualification and years of clinical practice among GDPs affect the knowledge and treatment regarding pulp therapy in deciduous dentition. Most of the GDPs lack knowledge about the STP for pulp therapy in deciduous dentition.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Protocolos Clínicos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Índia , Dente Decíduo
20.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 37(4): 409-413, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710018

RESUMO

Radicular cysts are considered to be rare in the primary dentition comprising 0.5%-3.3% of the total number of radicular cysts in both primary and permanent dentition. Ectopic eruption is an eruption disturbance with the prevalence of 5.6% with majority being permanent central incisors. Etiology for eruption disturbance commonly includes odontoma, cysts, supernumerary teeth, and crown-root malformation. Ectopic eruption of permanent incisor due to radicular cyst associated with traumatized primary incisor is a very rare clinical entity that requires timely interception. The present case illustrates the clinical feature and multi-disciplinary management of ectopic eruption of permanent central incisor in a 9-year-old girl child.


Assuntos
Erupção Ectópica de Dente , Dente Supranumerário , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Erupção Dentária , Dente Decíduo
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