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1.
Arch Med Sci ; 15(6): 1582-1588, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749888

RESUMO

Introduction: Mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a serious clinical condition. There were a lot of experimental studies performed in the treatment of I/R injury. To our knowledge, this is the first experimental study with effects of sesamin on I/R injury model. We aimed to investigate the protective effect of sesamin on mesenteric I/R injury model. Material and methods: A total of 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups. Control group: superior mesenteric artery (SMA) exposed without clamping. I/R group: SMA was clamped for 60 min and then reperfused for 2 h. Sesamin group (S): 30 mg/kg sesamin were given for 5 days, and SMA exposed without clamping. I/R + S group: 30 mg/kg sesamin were given for 5 days, SMA was clamped for 60 min, and then reperfused for 2 h. Plasma and tissue oxidant parameters were investigated as well as histopathological evaluation. Results: Plasma and tissue total antioxidant status (TAS) levels were significantly higher in I/R + S group compared to the rest (p < 0.005). The plasma TAS levels in I/R group was significantly low. The highest tissue TAS levels were detected in I/R + S group. The high levels of plasma and tissue TOS were found in I/R + S group. Plasma and tissue OSI levels were significantly higher in I/R group. Histopathologic evaluation showed that the mean level of intestinal tissue injury score in I/R group was 2.75 and 1.38 in I/R + S group. Conclusions: Sesamin helps to protect the intestinal tissue at the cellular level by reducing the oxidative stress and inflammation at both the plasma and tissue levels in the experimental I/R model.

2.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 22(10): 1920-1925, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411385

RESUMO

AIM: The aims of the study are to investigate serum neopterin and ischemia modified albumin (IMA) levels in patients with immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV) and evaluate the association of these markers with disease activity and relapse. METHOD: Thirty-four consecutive adult patients (24 male and 10 female) admitted to the rheumatology clinic and met the IgAV American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Demographic and clinical features of IgAV and a control group were recorded into a predefined protocol. Disease activity was categorized as "remission" or "active" according to Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS). BVAS ≥ 1 was accepted as "active". Serum neopterin levels, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and IMA were evaluated according to BVAS and compared to the healthy control group. RESULTS: Serum median (interquartile range) neopterin, IMA levels and hsCRP were higher in the study group than in control group (2.01 [12.5] ng/mL vs 1.77 [1.37] ng/mL, 0.67 [0.2] ng/mL vs. 0.43 [0.17] ng/mL, 5.6 [17.1] mg/L vs. 1.55 [1.6] mg/L, P = .095, P < .001 and P = .002, respectively). When evaluated according to BVAS, IMA and hsCRP levels were significantly higher in the group with active disease (0.77 [0.12] vs 0.61 [0.13] and 14.85 [4.6], P = .009 and P = .03, respectively). Serum neopterin levels were significantly higher in the active group compared to BVAS (18.95 [32.36] vs 1.63 [1.48], P < .001). CONCLUSION: Oxidative stress is important in IgAV pathogenesis. Roles of hsCRP, neopterin and IMA as potential markers of diagnosis and disease activity seem to be worth studying in future studies with larger study groups.

3.
Clin Lab ; 65(6)2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zinc and copper are among the most important trace elements. Deficiencies of these trace elements cause a wide variety of disorders. The present study aims to report the definitive assessment of biological variation (BV) parameters for these elements as within-subject BV (CVI), between subject BV (CVG), index of individuality (II), and reference change value (RCV) in a Turkish cohort study group. METHODS: Ten blood specimens were collected weekly from 20 healthy volunteers (13 women, 7 men) for 10 weeks. Collected sera were stored at -80°C until the time of analysis. Serum zinc and copper levels were analyzed with atomic absorption spectrometry and ANOVA test was used to calculate the variations. RESULTS: The CVI and CVG for zinc were 6.26% and 23.27%, respectively. Analytical variation (CVA) was calculated as 4.24%. II and RCV for zinc were calculated as 0.26 and 21.51%, respectively. The CVI and CVG for copper were 6.05% and 19.64%, respectively. CVA was calculated as 4.24%. II and RCV for copper were calculated as 0.31 and 20.47%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Since II values were less than 0.6 for both analytes, the reference values will be of little use. RCV might be preferred for better evaluation instead.


Assuntos
Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/métodos , Voluntários Saudáveis , Zinco/sangue , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Cobre/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Espectrofotometria Atômica
4.
Turk J Med Sci ; 48(6): 1192-1199, 2018 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30541246

RESUMO

Background/aim: The clinical effect of angiostatin in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients receiving insulin is a meaningful gap in the literature. In this study, we aimed to show the levels and the clinical significance of angiostatin in DM patients receiving insulin. Materials and methods: This is a case-control study. Serum angiostatin levels were determined by ELISA. A total of 83 people consisting of healthy subjects (n = 36) and patients with a diagnosis of DM receiving insulin therapy (n = 47) were included in this study. Results: The mean angiostatin levels of the DM group were significantly higher than those of the control group (86.0 ± 68.1 ng/mL and 58.0 ± 22.4 ng/mL, respectively; P = 0.011). Significantly lower angiostatin levels were determined in the DM patients receiving metformin with respect to those not receiving metformin (97.2 ± 74.4 ng/mL and 49.3 ± 7.0 ng/mL, respectively; P = 0.021). Significantly higher levels of angiostatin were observed among the DM patients using a beta-blocker (BB) than the DM patients not using a BB (115.5 ± 78.71 ng/mL and 73.44 ± 60.08 ng/mL, respectively; p = 0.029). Conclusion: This is the first study evaluating and demonstrating the serum angiostatin levels in DM patients receiving insulin. Further studies are required to understand the effect of angiostatin in diabetics and the effect of medications on angiogenesis in these patients.

5.
Saudi Med J ; 39(10): 1028-1034, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30284587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical significance of VEGF, sVEGFR-1 in heart failure reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and heart failure mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF) patients. Methods: A total of 104 people consisting of HFrEF and HFmrEF patients (n=54) and healthy (n=50) subjects were included in this comparative cross-sectional study. The study took place in Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, between  2011 and 2013. Serum VEGF, sVEGFR-1, plasma pro-BNP analysis and transthoracic echocardiography were performed.  Results: The average sVEGFR-1 level of the HFrEF and HFmrEF patients was significantly higher than the control group (0.185±0.122; 0.141±0.120; p=0.013). The average sVEGFR-1 level of the HFrEF and HFmrEF patients using beta-blocker was significantly higher than the HFrEF and HFmrEF patients not using it (p=0.015). There was a significant and positive correlation between sVEGFR-1 and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP)  levels in the group with HF (r=0.211, p=0.044). Conclusion: It increases awareness about the role of sVEGFR-1 in HFrEF anf HFmrEF patients and the need for further studies. Beta-blocker may have a negative effect on angiogenesis in HFrEF and HFmrEF via increasing sVEGFR-1 levels. Additionally, Pro-BNP may contribute to inhibiting angiogenesis by increasing sVEGFR-1 levels and sVEGFR-1 may be an important biomarker in HFrEF and HFmrEF.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue
6.
Nutr Res Pract ; 12(4): 315-323, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30090169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Available data suggest that seasonal changes may influence the nutritional status and overall health of elderly individuals. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of seasonal changes and related factors on energy and nutrient intake of older adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Individuals aged 65 years or over were prospectively enrolled in this single-center study (male: 11, female: 20). Data were collected between May 2013 and February 2014 during winter, spring, summer and autumn. Food consumption and biochemical parameters were taken during each season to assess the seasonal nutrition status of the elderly. Upon analysis of biochemical parameters (retinol, vitamin D and vitamin C), an high-performance liquid chromatography device was utilized whereas an Immulite 2000 device was utilized during analysis of serum folic acid and parathyroid hormone. RESULTS: Fruit, fat, egg and bread consumption varied seasonally in males and females (P < 0.05). During winter, daily energy intake was found to be greater than in other seasons in males (557 kcal) and females (330 kcal) (P < 0.05). Additionally, carbohydrates, vegetable protein, n-3 fatty acid and sodium intake increased in winter, while the n-6/n-3 ratio increased in summer among males (P < 0.05). Dietary fiber and sodium intake in winter, vitamin C, iron and zinc intake in spring, and cholesterol, retinol, vitamin D and niacin intake in autumn were found to be higher in females when compared to other seasons (P < 0.05). Serum parathyroid hormone level was higher in winter, and vitamin D level was higher in autumn in both genders (P < 0.05). In males, blood folic acid level was higher in winter, while vitamin C level was higher in females, and there was no seasonal variation in retinol concentration (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Food consumption and biochemical parameters showed significant seasonal variations in older adults. It is not clear if nutrition plans in older adults will benefit from consideration of seasonal changes in eating habits.

7.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; 78(6): 443-449, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30015524

RESUMO

Behçet's disease (BD) is a rare, chronic, inflammatory disorder characterized by multisystemic vasculitis including mucocutaneous, neurologic, and ophthalmic involvement. Our aim is to compare vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1) levels in BD, among the patients having or not having organ involvement, disease activation and especially vascular involvement. Fifty-five patients with BD, 25 of which were accompanied by vascular involvement, and 31 control subjects were included in the study. Disease activity was assessed with the Turkish version of Behçet Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF) and active vasculitis lesions at the time of study were recorded. Age at diagnosis was 32.2 ± 4.6, while the mean duration of BD was 96.3 (72.3) months. The median for BDCAF score was 2.0 (range 0, 3.0), and 29 (52%) of patients had active BD. The serum VEGF and sVEGFR-1 levels in patients with BD were significantly higher than that in controls [(298 (338.5) pg/mL; 93 (93.5) pg/mL in patients and 136.2 (73) pg/mL; 56.5 (48.5) pg/mL in controls, respectively, p < .001 for both values] while difference in VEGF/sVEGFR-1 ratio was obtained close to borderline of significance (p = .03). Our study is the first report indicating elevated serum VEGF, sVEGFR-1, and more importantly VEGF/sVEGFR-1 ratio could play an important role in the development of trombosis in BD. VEGF and/or sVEGFR-1 should not be evaluated independently in the same patient group and the ratio of these two parameters is a more important indicator, especially in the evaluation of BD especially with vascular involvement together with the duration of disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/sangue , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Adulto , Síndrome de Behçet/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Behçet/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/etiologia
8.
Saudi Med J ; 39(6): 586-591, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29915853

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To show the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and to show the associations with clinical findings such as demographic features, laboratory findings, comorbidities, and medications. METHODS: A total of 73 people, consisting of patients with ESRD (n=38) and healthy subjects (n=35) in Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, were included in this cross-sectional study between the years 2011 and 2013. Blood samples were obtained and plasma VEGF, sVEGFR-1 analyzes were performed. Results: The VEGF level of ESRD group was not significantly higher (0.280±0.264) than the control group (0.321±0.210) (p=0.475). The sVEGFR-1 level of ESRD group was significantly higher (0.217±0.135) than the control group (0.068±0.047) (p less than 0.001). The correlation between VEGF and sVEGFR-1 was significant and negative (r=-0.246, p=0.036). Average VEGF level of ESRD patients using recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) was significantly higher (0.567±0.28) than the ESRD patients not using rhEPO (0.246±0.24) (p=0.025). CONCLUSION: Our study is the first showing the significance of sVEGFR-1 in ESRD patients, and associations with comorbidities, medications. Especially our finding of rhEPO and VEGF may illuminate a reasonable positive effect of rhEPO on angiogenesis. Soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 and VEGF may be important markers in the pathophysiology of ESRD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Eritropoetina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico
9.
Turk J Haematol ; 35(3): 185-191, 2018 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29806595

RESUMO

Objective: Hemorrhage is the leading cause of injury-related prehospital mortality. We investigated worst-case scenarios and possible requirements of the Turkish military. As we plan to use blood resources during casualty transport, the impact of transport-related mechanical stress on packed red blood cells (PRBCs) was analyzed. Materials and Methods: The in vitro experiment was performed in the environmental test laboratories of ASELSAN®. Operational vibrations of potential casualty transport mediums such as Sikorsky helicopters, Kirpi® armored vehicles, and the NATO vibration standard MIL-STD-810G software program were recorded. The most powerful mechanical stress, which was created by the NATO standard, was applied to 15 units of fresh (≤7 days) and 10 units of old (>7 days) PRBCs in a blood cooler box. The vibrations were simulated with a TDS v895 Medium-Force Shaker Device. On-site blood samples were analyzed at 0, 6, and 24 h for biochemical and biomechanical analyses. Results: The mean (±standard deviation) age of fresh and old PRBCs was 4.9±2.2 and 32.8±11.8 days, respectively. Six-hour mechanical damage of fresh PRBCs was demonstrated by increased erythrocyte fragmentation rates (p=0.015), hemolysis rates (p=0.003), and supernatant potassium levels (p=0.003) and decreased hematocrit levels (p=0.015). Old PRBC hemolysis rates (p=0.015), supernatant potassium levels (p=0.015), and supernatant hemoglobin (p=0.015) were increased and hematocrit levels were decreased (p=0.015) within 6 h. Two (13%) units of fresh PRBCs and none of the old PRBCs were eligible for transfusion after 6 h of mechanical stress. Conclusion: When an austere combat environment was simulated for 24 h, fresh and old PRBC hemolysis rates were above the quality criteria. Currently, the technology to overcome this mechanical damage does not seem to exist. In light of the above data, a new national project is being performed.


Assuntos
Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Hemorragia/sangue , Preservação de Sangue , Humanos
10.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 45(8): 731-738, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29226894

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a life-threatening genetic disease associated with elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and premature coronary heart disease that is undiagnosed and undertreated around the world. This study aimed to examine the demographic characteristics, awareness, and treatment adherence of undiagnosed or undertreated FH patients based on laboratory records. METHODS: In a 16-month retrospective survey using laboratory records, patients with elevated LDL-C (>250 mg/dL) were identified (n=395). Patients younger than 18 years of age or with secondary causes of dyslipidemia were excluded (n=98). In all, 297 patients were called and asked to participate in a phone interview regarding their demographic characteristics, awareness of dyslipidemia, and treatment adherence. RESULTS: A total of 147 patients (mean age: 51.7±16.6 years; 59.2% female) completed the interview. The mean LDL-C level of the patients was 292.8±49.9 mg/dL. According to the Dutch Lipid Clinic Network criteria, 18.4% of the patients had definite FH, 66.0% had probable FH, and 15.6% had possible FH. Although the majority of the patients (93.9%) were aware of their high LDL-C level, only about half of them (n=75; 51.0%) were in treatment. Of all the patients who were interviewed, 21% (n=31) had never taken medication to lower their LDL-C, and 28% (n=41) had stopped taking a lipid-lowering drug. CONCLUSION: This pilot study revealed that a significant number of FH patients were not taking statins despite having a very high LDL-C level. Nationwide detection of likely FH patients using hospital records and interviewing them via a phone survey may help to better understand and manage these high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/diagnóstico , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Diagnóstico Tardio , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/sangue , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária
11.
Turk J Obstet Gynecol ; 14(3): 176-180, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29085708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anemia in the first trimester of pregnancy is the situation as described by the World Health Organization when the level of hemoglobin (Hb) is less than 11 g in 100 cc of blood. The prevalence of this problem is 18% in developed countries, whereas it is between 35-75% in developing countries. In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of anemia at the time of pregnancy detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was designed to determine the prevalence of anemia. A total of 5228 first trimester pregnant women were admitted to the study between 2012 and 2014. Hb levels of 11 to 9.5 g/dL, 9.5 to 8 g/dL, and less than 8 g/dL were considered as mild, moderate, and severe anemia, respectively. RESULTS: We detected mild, modarate, and severe anemia at rates of 16.64%, 3.07%, and 0.28%, respectively, in our population. The overall prevalence of anemia at the time of detection of pregnancy was 20.0%. CONCLUSION: Anemia is a significant risk factor for maternal mortality in developing countries. The prevalence of anemia at the time of pregnancy detection was 20% and this rate is close to those indicated in developed countries.

12.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol ; 10(4): 353-360, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28491140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mast cells (MCs) can stimulate angiogenesis, releasing several proangiogenic cytokines stored in their cytoplasm. In particular, MCs can release tryptase, a potent in vivo and in vitro proangiogenic factor via protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) activation and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation. Nevertheless, no data are available concerning the relationship among tryptase MC density (TMCD), endothelial cells (ECs) positive to PAR-2 microvascular density (PAR-2-MVD) and classical MVD (C-MVD) in gastric cancer (GC) angiogenesis. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed the correlation of TMCD, PAR-2-MVD, C-MVD with each other and with the main clinicopathological features in GC patients who underwent surgery. A series of 77 GC patients with stage T2-3N2-3M0 (classified by the American Joint Committee on Cancer for Gastric Cancer, 7th edition) were selected and then underwent surgery. RESULTS: Tumour tissue samples were evaluated by mean of immunohistochemistry and image analysis methods in terms of numbers of TMCD, PAR-2-MVD and C-MVD. A significant correlation between the TMCD, PAR-2-MVD and C-MVD groups with each other was found by Pearson t-test analysis (r ranged from 0.64 to 0.76; p value ranged from 0.02 to 0.03). There was no other significant correlation between the above parameters and clinicopathological features. CONCLUSIONS: Our in vivo preliminary data suggest that TMCD and PAR-2-MVD may play a role in GC angiogenesis and they could be further evaluated as a target of antiangiogenic therapy.

13.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 9(9): 1265-70, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27672589

RESUMO

AIM: To examine changes in retinal vasculature after treatment with different oxygen concentrations from common retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) models and to determine a novel and practical ROP model. METHODS: A sample of 14 newborn Sprague-Dawley rats was used. The study group (n=7) was exposed to 95% oxygen for 4h per day followed by normoxic laboratory conditions for 20h. This cycle was repeated for 14d. The control group (n=7) was subjected to normobaric normoxic conditions. On postnatal day 14 (P14), the two groups were placed in room air for 7d. On P21, the two groups were examined using indirect ophthalmoscopy. All eyes were enucleated for immunofluorescence (IF) staining of the vasculature of retinas and analysis of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α), placental growth factor (PLGF) in vitreous humor, and then the rats were sacrificed by decapitation. All procedures were repeated using another litter of 14 pups. RESULTS: In the study group and under normobaric hyperoxic conditions, retinal neovascularization and peripheral avascular retina were determined in 85% of the rats through indirect ophthalmoscopic examination. Also IF staining of retina of the study group showed retarded peripheral vascular growth. The difference between the two groups for VEGF, HIF-1α and PLGF concentrations of vitreous humor was statistically significant (P=0.003, 0.007, 0.027 respectively). CONCLUSION: Fluctuating oxygen concentrations are primarily responsible for retinal neovascularization. Our new ROP model is practical and applicable for all retinal neovascularization studies, considering the laboratory procedures.

14.
Breastfeed Med ; 11: 366-9, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27448176

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Angiogenesis is an important process after birth for neonates. Vascular endothelial growth factor is a potent proangiogenic protein, which stimulates endothelial cell proliferation, survival, and migration. For vessel maturation, all components have to move together. Angiopoietins (ANG) are very important signal proteins for pericytes and have not yet been determined in human breast milk. The aim of this study was to show whether there were ANG in human breast milk. METHODS: Human breast milk samples were collected from 9 mothers of preterm (≤33 weeks) and 17 mothers of term and late preterm (>33 weeks). Milk samples were collected on 3rd, 7th, and 28th days from delivery. We analyzed ANG-1 and ANG-2 levels in human milk and compared these levels considering the gestational age and day of lactation from delivery. RESULTS: There was a significant difference between the ANG-1 levels of the two groups of gestational age (p = 0.008), while ANG-2 levels were not significantly different (p = 0.821), without considering the days of lactation from delivery. ANG-1 and 2 levels of milk samples of 3rd, 7th, and 28th days from lactation showed no significant difference in both gestational age groups. CONCLUSION: The presence of ANG in human breast milk was proved with this study and ANG-1 levels were found to be lower in preterm group. These results may be important for neonates in terms of angiogenesis and also lymphangiogenesis.


Assuntos
Angiopoietina-1/metabolismo , Angiopoietina-2/metabolismo , Aleitamento Materno , Lactação/fisiologia , Leite Humano/química , Leite Humano/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Lactação/metabolismo , Nascimento a Termo , Turquia
15.
Cutan Ocul Toxicol ; 35(2): 92-6, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25853175

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Amphotericin B (AmB) is widely used as a mainstay in the treatment of sight-threatening fungal endophthalmitis. From the time that itraconazole was discovered to have a previously unknown anti-angiogenic activity, we have suspected that AmB may have possible effects on ocular angiogenesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vivo anti-angiogenic effect of AmB in the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Atak-S type fertilized eggs obtained from the Poultry Institution were used. The eggs were kept under 37 °C at 85-90% relative humidity throughout the experiment. Amphotericin B was prepared in two different concentrations (AmB 125 µg/1 mL and 0.125 µg/1 mL). The CAMs treated with sterile distilled water was specified as controls. About 0.1 mL of each containing 12.5 and 0.0125 µg of AmB, respectively, were dropped to CAM surface. Thirteen eggs were used for each group. The results were evaluated at the 48th hour of the administration of the drugs and recorded by digital camera. RESULTS: A reduction of angiogenesis in CAM area which treated with 125 µg/1 mL of AmB was appreciable macroscopically. The affected areas showed impaired radial arrangement of small vessels with the presence of avascular zone at periphery. The dose of 0.125 µg/1 mL AmB did not show any visible anti-angiogenic effect. Numerous blood vessels with a radially arranged pattern developed toward the periphery after 48 h of treatment. In the CAMs that treated with distilled water, physiological angiogenesis was observed in allantoic vessels. Vessel formation seems to be similar in CAMs treated with 0.125 µg/1 mL AmB with the presence of visibly non-malformed alive embryos. CONCLUSIONS: The present study gives the impression that AmB has the capacity to serve as an anti-angiogenic treatment. As it is a preliminary CAM study only, further studies on both animals and humans are required.


Assuntos
Anfotericina B/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Membrana Corioalantoide/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Galinhas , Membrana Corioalantoide/irrigação sanguínea
16.
Med Sci Monit Basic Res ; 21: 41-6, 2015 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25824632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing vasculature. Many factors and substances may stimulate angiogenesis and exhibit proliferative effect. In this study, we aimed to investigate the angiogenic and proliferative effects of sodium nitrite. MATERIAL AND METHODS The angiogenic activity of sodium nitrite was examined in vivo in the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model and in vitro in tube formation assay of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The proliferative activity of sodium nitrite was also determined through MTT assay on HUVECs. RESULTS In CAM assay, sodium nitrite had an angiogenic effect especially at high concentrations compared with the control group and this was statistically significant. There was a proliferative effect on HUVECs in the presence of sodium nitrite for 24 and 48 h, and this was statistically significant (p<0.05). Comparing the tube length/area ratio values, there was statistically significant increase in the sodium nitrite group compared to the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS The results provide evidence that sodium nitrite induces angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Nitrito de Sódio/farmacologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Galinha , Membrana Corioalantoide/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Sais de Tetrazólio , Tiazóis , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 53(8): 1205-13, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25720078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency is generally based on the measurement of serum vitamin B12 levels. However, in selected cases functional indices of vitamin B12, such as methylmalonic acid (MMA) and homocysteine (HCY), are needed. Here we compare the performance of four automated total vitamin B12 assays and also investigate how these assays relate to functional indices of vitamin B12 status. METHODS: Total vitamin B12, MMA and HCY were measured in 69 serum samples from routine vitamin B12 assay requests. Serum vitamin B12 analysis was performed using four different immunoassay autoanalyzers: DxI 800 Unicel (Beckman Coulter, USA), ADVIA Centaur XP (Siemens Diagnostics, Tarrytown, NY, USA), Roche Cobas E601 (Roche Diagnostics, Germany), Architect i2000sr (Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL, USA). Serum MMA levels were determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and serum homocysteine levels were determined by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods. RESULTS: Four immunoassay methods were comparable and correlated with each other. Correlation coefficients (r) ranged from 0.898 to 0.987, p<0.001. Highest correlation was observed between Roche Cobas - Architect i2000sr and poorest correlation was observed between DxI 800 Unicel - ADVIA Centaur comparison. DxI 800 Unicel assay demonstrated high mean bias [-122 pg/mL (-616-125 pg/mL)] and a concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) of 0.9161, lower than the others. MMA and HCY were correlated with the vitamin B12 results. The correlation coefficients with their 95% CI indicated that there was no statistically significant difference between the four methods according to their relationship with MMA and HCY. CONCLUSIONS: Total B12 assays correlate very well with each other. However, results of DxI 800 Unicel were lower compared to the other three autoanalyzers. All total vitamin B12 methods show similar relationships with HCY and MMA. Standardization of serum vitamin B12 assays is still not completed and further standardization studies are needed. Laboratory professionals and clinicians should be aware of this disagreement between assay methods and they should use these tests as ancillary tests.


Assuntos
Automação , Imunoensaio , Vitamina B 12/sangue , Homocisteína/sangue , Humanos , Ácido Metilmalônico/sangue , Análise de Regressão
18.
Curr Eye Res ; 40(12): 1261-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25546479

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and steroid activity in an experimental uveitis (EU) model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EU was induced by intravitreal injection of bovine serum albumin (BSA) at baseline. Rabbits were randomly divided into three groups (n = 8) according to treatment with a single dose of IVB, steroid or saline on day 3. Aqueous humor (AH) samples were collected periodically (baseline and days 1, 3, 10 and 33). Rabbits were sacrified and eyes were enucleated for histopathology on day 33. AH vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and histopathological changes were subjected to statistical analysis. RESULTS: VEGF levels increased significantly after BSA injection (day 1) when compared with baseline in all three groups. Mean VEGF levels were 794.46 pg/mL, 777.91 pg/mL and 872 pg/mL for IVB, steroid and control groups, respectively (p = 0.002, p = 0.019 and p = 0.014). Seven days after treatment (day 10), VEGF levels decreased significantly in both treatment groups. Mean VEGF levels were 0 pg/mL, 292 pg/mL and 872 pg/mL, repectively (p < 0.001, p = 0.016 and p = 0.12). On day 33, the VEGF levels and inflammation had returned to baseline levels in both treatment groups, whereas no decrease in inflammation was observed in the control group. The histopathological evaluation revealed a mild congestion in ciliary tissue with a normal retina and choroidea in IVB group, a mild congestion in ciliary tissue with moderate inflammation in the posterior vitreus and a normal retina in steroid group and a severe inflammation in ciliary tissue with moderate inflammation in the retina in control group. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that IVB may be used as an alternative to steroid treatment to reduce the acute effects of inflammation in patients with uveitis in whom intraocular steroids are contraindicated.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Triancinolona Acetonida/uso terapêutico , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Humor Aquoso/metabolismo , Injeções Intravítreas , Masculino , Coelhos , Soroalbumina Bovina/toxicidade , Uveíte/induzido quimicamente , Uveíte/metabolismo , Uveíte/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue
19.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 291(3): 557-61, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25200689

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), soluble VEGF receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1) and placenta growth factor (PlGF) and VEGF/SVEGFR-1 ratio in pregnant women with threatened abortion (TA) compared to uncomplicated pregnancies at the same gestational week. METHODS: Thirty-three pregnant women with TA and thirty-three pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies were included in this case-control study. The level of VEGF, sVEGFR-1, and PIGF was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The primary purpose of this study was to compare the VEGF, sVEGFR- 1, and PlGF levels and VEGF/sVEGFR-1 ratios in pregnant women with TA and pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies. The secondary purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between serum levels of these markers and gestational age. RESULTS: The serum levels of the sVEGFR-1 [0.60 (0.21-1.68) vs. 0.24 (0.09-0.57) ng/ml], VEGF [39.10 (6.57-163.56) vs. 5.24 (0.84-15.08) ng/ml] and VEGF/SVEGFR-1 ratio [68.64 (6.45-550.48) vs 24.12 (2.63-72.63)] were significantly elevated in women with TA (respectively, p: 0.001, p: 0.001, p: 0.001). However, PlGF did not elevate in women with TA [20.80 (3.13-93.11) vs 20.16 (1.22-49.91) ng/ml] (p: 0.473). CONCLUSION: These findings support the hypothesis that increased levels of the VEGF and sVEGFR-1 and VEGF/SVEGFR-1 ratio may be associated with the pathogenesis of TA.


Assuntos
Ameaça de Aborto/sangue , Proteínas da Gravidez/sangue , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Placentário , Gravidez , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia
20.
Acta Med Port ; 27(5): 657-60, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25409225

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Serum carbohydrate associated antigen (CA19-9) is widely used marker in clinical practice and shows small increases in a few benign diseases. Here we report two cases, a mother and her daughter with slightly elevated CA19-9 levels not accompanied by any clinical pathology. CASE PRESENTATION: The mother with elevated CA19-9 level (89.90 U/mL; upper limit of normal range (ULNR) < 37 U/mL) was referred to our department for evaluation. Similar increase was determined in her daughter incidentally. Daughter's CA19-9 level was 123.92 U/mL. Extensive laboratory data, imaging procedures and clinical evaluations were within the normal ranges except elevated CA19- 9 levels for both. Also, any pathology compatible with the elevated CA19-9 level couldn't be determined. In order to avoid laboratory errors and interferences, we measured the samples at four different immunoassay platforms twice. CONCLUSION: Healthy people can be in excess of the ULNR. Therefore, clinicians need to be aware of these rare situations without missing the malignant disorders.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Antígeno CA-19-9/sangue , Família , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos
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