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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383030

RESUMO

The antioxidant and cardioprotective effects of oleuropein have been reported in several studies; however, its effect on ketamine cardiotoxicity has not been known yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oleuropein in ketamine-induced cardiotoxicity model in rats. A total of 28 male Wistar Albino rats were included in the study and they were randomly divided into four groups, each having seven rats. Group 1 (control): rats were given 1 mL of DMSO by oral gavage method for 7 days. Group 2 (ketamine): on the seventh day of the study, 60 mg/kg ketamine was administered intraperitoneally. Then, 60 mg/kg ketamine was administered intraperitoneally every 10 min for 3 h. Group 3 (oleuropein): rats were given 200 mg/kg/day oleuropein by oral gavage method for 7 days. Group 4 (oleuropein + ketamine): rats were given 1 × 200 mg/kg oleuropein by oral gavage method for 7 days. Furthermore, 60 mg/kg ketamine was administered intraperitoneally on the seventh day of the experiment. Then, 60 mg/kg ketamine was administered intraperitoneally every 10 min for 3 h. Serum cardiac marker (TnI, CK-MB and CK) levels were measured. Histopathological analysis was performed on a portion of the cardiac tissue. Cardiac tissue oxidative stress and antioxidant markers (MDA, GSH, GSH.Px and CAT), TNF-α, IL-6, NF-κB, COX-2 and Nrf-2 gene expressions, and protein conversion levels of related genes were determined. Data obtained showed that ketamine administration increased MDA (p < 0.001), TNF-α (p < 0.01), IL-6 (p < 0.01), COX-2 (p < 0.001) and NF-κB (p < 0.001) levels, as well as serum TnI (p < 0.001), CK-MB (p < 0.001) and CK (p < 0.01) levels whereas decreased GSH (p < 0.05) and Nrf-2 (p < 0.05) levels, as well as GSH-Px (p < 0.001) and CAT (p < 0.05) enzyme activities. Oleuropein administration was observed to decrease MDA, TNF-α, IL-6, COX-2, NF-κB, TnI, CK-MB and CK levels close to the control group and to increase GSH levels and GSH-Px and CAT enzyme activities close to the control group. This study showed that oleuropein administration reversed the increased oxidative stress and inflammation as a result of the use of ketamine and had protective effects on the heart.

2.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932786

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate and compare hepatoprotective activity of Coriandrum sativum (Cs) and it is major component linalool (Ln) against experimentally induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Essential oil of Cs was isolated by hydrodistillation method and chemical composition was determined by GS-MS analysis. 42 male Wistar Albino rats were divited into 7 groups each containing 6. The experimental groups were designed as: Normal control group, 1 ml/kg CCl4 administirated group, 25 mg/kg Silymarin and CCl4 administirated group, 100 and 200 mg/kg Cs and CCl4 administirated groups, 100 and 200 mg/kg Ln and CCl4 administered groups. The protective activities were determined according to the results of liver biomarkers (AST, ALT, ALP), antioxidant parameters (GSH, GPx, CAT), lipid peroxidation (MDA) and histopathological examination. Linalool percentage of Cs was 81.6%. The groups treated with linalool (100 and 200 mg/kg) (p < 0.01) and coriander (200 mg/kg) (p < 0.05) had significantly reduced AST (262-375) and ALT (101-290) levels (U/L) compared to the CCl4 (600-622) group. The levels (nmol/g protein) of MDA (11-12) were significantly lower (p < 0.01), the levels of GSH (11-12) and the activities of CAT (23-24) were significantly higher (p < 0.01) in linalool groups (100 and 200 mg/kg) compared to the CCl4 (18-5-10 respectively) group. These results were also supported by histopathological findings and indicate that Cs and Ln shows hepatoprotective activity against liver damage. In this regard, evaluation of activities of major components are needed to compare to medicinal plants in experimental diseases models.

3.
J Vet Res ; 62(4): 439-445, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30729200

RESUMO

Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the predisposing effect of bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) on Pasteurella spp. infection in naturally-induced pneumonia in cattle by immunohistochemical labelling. Material and Methods: Lungs of cattle slaughtered in the slaughterhouse were examined macroscopically, and 100 pneumonic samples were taken. The samples were fixed in 10% neutral formalin and embedded in paraffin by routine methods. Sections 5 µm in thickness were cut. The streptavidin-peroxidase method (ABC) was used to stain the sections for immuno-histochemical examination. Results: BRSV antigens were found in the cytoplasm of epithelial cells of bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoles and within inflammatory cell debris and inflammatory exudate in bronchial lumens. Pasteurella spp. antigens were detected in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells of bronchi and bronchioles, and in cells in the lumens of bronchi and bronchioles. Eleven cases were positive for only one pathogen (six for BRSV and five for Pasteurella spp.), while 35 cases were positive for 2 pathogens: BRSV plus P. multocida (n = 21) or M. haemolytica (n = 14). Conclusion: The presence of high levels of BRSV in dual infections indicates that BSRV may be the main pneumonia-inducing agent and an important predisposing factor for the formation of Pasteurella spp. infections in cattle naturally afflicted with pneumonia.

4.
Vet Ophthalmol ; 13 Suppl: 100-2, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20840097

RESUMO

A 15-year-old male dromedary camel with a history of chronic severe keratoconjunctivitis and corneal mass in the left eye of 6 months' duration was referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at Adnan Menderes University. A superficial keratectomy was performed and biopsy material submitted for histopathology. The diagnosis was corneal papilloma. There has been no recurrence of the neoplasm to date (6 months, 1 year). Corneal papilloma has not been reported previously in camels and seems to be associated with papillomavirus.


Assuntos
Camelus , Doenças da Córnea/veterinária , Neoplasias Oculares/veterinária , Papiloma/veterinária , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/veterinária , Animais , Doenças da Córnea/patologia , Doenças da Córnea/virologia , Neoplasias Oculares/patologia , Neoplasias Oculares/virologia , Masculino , Papiloma/patologia , Papiloma/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia
5.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 130(1): 52-6, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19449228

RESUMO

CONCLUSION: Despite the fact that this was a study done with fascia other than the temporalis, we found that non-formaldehyde-formed and formaldehyde-formed fascia graft shrunk by a mean value of 26.5% and 16.7%, respectively, which was statistically significant. This finding might be the explanation for the consistently reported successful outcomes in tympanoplasty carried out with formaldehyde-formed temporalis fascia. However, this study should be validated with autologous human temporalis fascia graft. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is any difference in the dimensional stability of free fascia grafts when formed with formaldehyde or not. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a total of 22 rats, free fascias were prepared with 4% buffered formaldehyde solution in 11 and without formaldehyde in the other 11 rats. All fascia grafts of 1 x 1 cm were implanted under the insicion site of the same rat (autograft). All rats were re-operated after 5 days to measure the dimensions of the grafts. The postoperative changes in the dimensions were calculated. RESULTS: By the 5th day, the mean non-formaldehyde-formed graft surface area was 73.51+/-13.43 mm(2) and the mean formaldehyde-formed graft surface area was 83.28+/-10.50 mm(2) respectively. After 5 days there was a mean decrease in surface area of the non-formaldehyde-formed and formaldehyde-formed grafts of 26.49+/-13.43 mm(2) and 16.72+/-10.50 mm(2), respectively. It was found that formaldehyde-formed fascia exhibited significantly superior dimensional stability when compared with non-fixed fascia during the 5 days of the early healing phase (p=0.031).


Assuntos
Fáscia/transplante , Fixadores , Formaldeído , Miringoplastia/métodos , Animais , Elasticidade , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
6.
Ir Vet J ; 60(1): 30-3, 2007 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21851687

RESUMO

This paper reports on an unusual case of pleural epitheloid mesothelioma in a nine-month-old male, mixed breed dog. The dog was presented in-extremis and, on post mortem examination, multiple, exophytic, frequently pedunculated, yellowish-red, soft to firm masses ranging from 3 mm to 6 cm in diameter were diffusely distributed over, and attached to, the pericardial and parietal pleural surfaces. Microscopically, these masses consisted of round to partially polygonalshaped, anaplastic cells with minimal cytoplasm and hyperchromatic nuclei covering papillomatous projections or as part of more densely cellular masses. A supporting fibrovascular stroma and mitotic figures were also evident. Constituent tumour cells were labeled positively with antibodies against both vimentin and cytokeratin. In contrast, the same cells exhibited equivocal labeling with an antibody directed against calretinin antigen and did not label with antibodies against carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and milk fat globule-related antigen (MFGRA). Such tumours are rare in dogs, particularly in such a young animal.

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