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1.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although multidisciplinary treatments including the use of adjuvant therapy (AT) have been adopted for biliary tract cancers, patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma (DCC) can still experience recurrence. We sought to characterize the incidence and predictors of early recurrence (ER) that occurred within 12 months following surgery for DCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent resection for DCC between 2000 and 2015 were identified from the US multi-institutional database. Cox regression analysis was used to identify clinicopathological factors to develop an ER risk score, and the predictive model was validated in an external dataset. RESULTS: Among 245 patients included in the analysis, 67 patients (27.3%) developed ER. No difference was noted in ER rates between patients who did and did not receive AT (28.7% vs. 25.0%, p = 0.55). Multivariable analysis revealed that neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), peak total bilirubin (T-Bil), major vascular resection (MVR), lymphovascular invasion, and R1 surgical margin status were associated with a higher ER risk. A DIstal Cholangiocarcinoma Early Recurrence Score was developed according to each factor available prior to surgery [NLR > 9.0 (2 points); peak T-bil > 1.5 mg/dL (1 points); MVR (2 points)]. Cumulative ER rates incrementally increased among patients who were low (0 points; 10.6%), intermediate (1-2 points; 26.8%), or high (3-5 points; 57.6%) risk (p < 0.001) in the training dataset, as well as in the validation dataset [low (0 points); 3.4%, intermediate (1-2 points); 32.7%, or high risk (3-5 points); 55.6% (p < 0.001)]. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients undergoing resection for DCC, 1 in 4 patients experienced an ER. Alternative treatment strategies such as neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be considered especially among individuals deemed to be at high risk for ER.

2.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite standardization, the 2016 ISGPF criteria are limited by their wider applicability and oversimplification of grade B POPF. This work applied the 2016 ISGPF grading criteria within a US academic cancer center to verify clinical and fiscal distinctions and sought to improve grading criteria for grade B POPF. METHODS: The 2008-2018 cost and NSQIP data from pancreaticoduodenectomy to postoperative day 90 were merged. All POPFs were coded by 2016 ISGPF criteria. The Clavien-Dindo Classification (CD) defined complication severity. On sub-analyses, grade B POPFs were divided into those with adequate drainage and those requiring additional drainage. Chi-square, ANOVA, and Fisher's least significant difference test were employed. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-two patients were in the final analyses, 72 (31%) of whom had POPFs: 16 (7%) biochemical leaks, 54 (23%) grade B (28% required additional drainage), and 2 (1%) grade C. There was no significant difference in length of stay, CD, readmission, or cost in patients without a POPF, with biochemical leak or grade B POPF. On sub-analyses, 92% of adequately drained grade B POPFs had CD 1-2 and readmission equivalent to patients without POPF (p > 0.05). One hundred percent of grade B POPF requiring drainage had CD 3-4a, and 67% were readmitted. Cost was significantly increased in grade B POPF requiring additional drainage (p = 0.02) and grade C POPF (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This analysis did not confirm an incremental increase in morbidity and cost with POPF grade. Sub-analyses enabled accurate clinical and cost distinctions in grade B POPF; adequately drained grade B POPF are low risk and clinically insignificant.

3.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare but aggressive malignancy, and many prognostic factors that influence survival remain undefined. Individually, the GRAS (Grade, Resection status, Age, and Symptoms of hormone hypersecretion) parameters have demonstrated their prognostic value in ACC. This study aimed to assess the value of a cumulative GRAS score as a prognostic indicator after ACC resection. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of adult patients who underwent surgical resection for ACC between 1993 and 2014 was performed using the United States Adrenocortical Carcinoma Group (US-ACCG) database. A sum GRAS score was calculated for each patient by adding one point each when the criteria were met for tumor grade (Weiss criteria ≥ 3 or Ki67 ≥ 20%), resection status (micro- or macroscopically positive margin), age (≥ 50 years), and preoperative symptoms of hormone hypersecretion (present). Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) by cumulative GRAS score were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. RESULTS: Of the 265 patients in the US-ACCG database, 243 (92%) had sufficient data available to calculate a cumulative GRAS score and were included in this analysis. The 265 patients comprised 23 patients (10%) with a GRAS of 0, 52 patients (21%) with a GRAS of 1, 92 patients (38%) with a GRAS of 2, 63 patients (26%) with a GRAS of 3, and 13 patients (5%) with a GRAS of 4. An increasing GRAS score was associated with shortened OS (p < 0.01) and DFS (p < 0.01) after index resection. CONCLUSION: In this retrospective analysis, the cumulative GRAS score effectively stratified OS and DFS after index resection for ACC. Further prospective analysis is required to validate the cumulative GRAS score as a prognostic indicator for clinical use.

4.
J Surg Oncol ; 123(5): 1353-1360, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patient engagement software is a ubiquitous and expensive commercially available tool designed to improve transitions of care. There are currently no high-quality patient and provider-level data about the usability of these products for surgical oncology patients. This study aims to better understand patient and provider attitudes and perceptions about the implementation of such technology. METHODS: Focused interviews were conducted following the demonstration of a provider-built mobile technology platform. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. Data were consensus coded inductively and categorized into themes regarding patient and provider perspectives on the usability and implementation of MobiMD. RESULTS: Our interviews revealed four consistent themes: (1) patients feel there is a lack of reliable resources for patient education; (2) both patients and providers are supportive of using a mobile application; (3) providers perceive patient onboarding as an added burden on current workflows; and (4) after onboarding, providers express that such an application would optimize current workflows. CONCLUSIONS: Patients perceive a need for improved perioperative education. Providers and patients agree that a mobile technology platform would be an effective solution in addressing this need. Effective implementation of such an intervention may improve patient education and engagement, leading to improved patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/normas , Aplicativos Móveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Telemedicina/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Percepção , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognostication based on preoperative clinical factors is lacking in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC). This study aims to determine the value of preoperative tumor markers as predictors of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from a primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix (MACA). METHODS: We queried the United States HIPEC Collaborative, a database of patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis treated with CRS/HIPEC at twelve institutions between 2000 and 2017, identifying 409 patients with MACA. Multivariate analysis was used to identify independent predictors of disease progression. Subgroup analysis was conducted to evaluate the impact of tumor grade on the predictive value of tumor markers. RESULTS: CA19-9 [HR 2.44, CI 1.2-3.4] emerged as an independent predictor of PFS while CEA [HR 4.98, CI 1.06-23.46] was independently predictive of OS (p <0.01). Tumor differentiation was the most potent predictor of both PFS (poorly differentiated vs well, [HR 4.5 CI 2.01-9.94]) and OS ([poorly differentiated vs well-differentiated: [HR 13.5, CI 3.16-57.78]), p <0.05. Among patients with combined CA19-9 elevation and poorly differentiated histology, 86% recurred within a year of CRS/HIPEC (p < 0.01). Similarly, the coexistence of CEA elevation and unfavorable histology led to the lowest survival rate at two years [36%, p < 0.01]. CA-125 was not predictive of PFS or OS. CONCLUSION: Elevated preoperative CA19-9 portends worse PFS, while elevated CEA predicts worse OS after CRS/HIPEC in patients with MACA. This study provides additional evidence that CA19-9 and CEA levels should be collected during standard preoperative bloodwork, while CA-125 can likely be omitted. Tumor differentiation, when added to preoperative tumor marker levels, provides powerful prognostic information. Prospective studies are required to confirm this association.

7.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a major operation frequently necessitating red blood cell transfusion. Using multi-institutional data from the U.S. HIPEC Collaborative, this study sought to determine the association of perioperative allogenic blood transfusion (PABT) with perioperative outcomes after CRS/HIPEC. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed patients who underwent CRS/HIPEC for peritoneal surface malignancy between 2000 and 2017. Propensity score-matching was performed to mitigate bias. Univariate analysis was used to compare demographic, preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables. Factors independently associated with PABT were identified using multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The inclusion criteria were met by 1717 patients, 510 (29.7%) of whom required PABT. The mean Peritoneal Cancer Index (PCI) of our cohort was 14.8 ± 9.3. Propensity score-matching showed an independent association between PABT and postoperative risk of pleural effusion, hemorrhage, pulmonary embolism, enteric fistula formation, Clavien-Dindo grades 3 and 4 morbidity, longer hospital stay, and reoperation (all P < 0.05 in the multivariate analysis). Compared with the patients who received 1 to 5 red blood cell (RBC) units, the patients who received more than 5 units had a greater risk of renal impairment, a longer intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and more postoperative infections. Finally, PABT was an independent predictor of worse survival for patients with appendiceal and colorectal primaries. CONCLUSION: Even low levels of PABT for patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC are independently associated with a greater risk of infectious and non-infectious postoperative complications, and this risk is increased for patients receiving more than 5 RBC units. Worse survival was independently predicted by PABT for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of an appendiceal or colorectal origin.

8.
Neuroendocrinology ; 111(1-2): 129-138, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The adoption of spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP) for malignant disease such as pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) has been controversial. The objective of the current study was to assess the impact of SPDP on outcomes of patients with pNETs. METHODS: Patients undergoing a distal pancreatectomy for pNET between 2002 and 2016 were identified in the US Neuroendocrine Tumor Study Group database. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to compare short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing SPDP versus distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (DPS). RESULTS: Among 621 patients, 103 patients (16.6%) underwent an SPDP. Patients who underwent SPDP were more likely to have lower BMI (median, 27.5 [IQR 24.0-31.2] vs. 28.7 [IQR 25.7-33.6]; p = 0.005) and have undergone minimally invasive surgery (n = 56, 54.4% vs. n = 185, 35.7%; p < 0.001). After PSM, while the median total number of lymph nodes examined among patients who underwent an SPDP was lower compared with DPS (3 [IQR 1-8] vs. 9 [5-13]; p < 0.001), 5-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were comparable (OS: 96.8 vs. 92.0%, log-rank p = 0.21, RFS: 91.1 vs. 84.7%, log-rank p = 0.93). In addition, patients undergoing SPDP had less intraoperative blood loss (median, 100 mL [IQR 10-250] vs. 150 mL [IQR 100-400]; p = 0.001), lower incidence of serious complications (n = 13, 12.8% vs. n = 28, 27.5%; p = 0.014), and shorter length of stay (median: 5 days [IQR 4-7] vs. 6 days [IQR 5-13]; p = 0.049) compared with patients undergoing DPS. CONCLUSION: SPDP for pNET was associated with acceptable perioperative and long-term outcomes that were comparable to DPS. SPDP should be considered for patients with pNET.

9.
J Pediatr Surg ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199059

RESUMO

Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (Nuss procedure) is associated with significant pain, and efforts to control pain impact resource utilization. Bilateral thoracic intercostal nerve cryoablation has been proposed as a novel technique to improve post-operative pain control, though the impact on hospital cost is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients undergoing a Nuss procedure from 2016 to 2019. Patients who received cryoablation were compared to those that received traditional pain control (patient-controlled analgesia or epidural). Outcome variables included postoperative opioid usage (milligram morphine equivalents, MME), length of stay (LOS), and hospital cost. RESULTS: Thirty-five of 73 patients studied (48%) received intercostal nerve cryoablation. LOS (1.0 vs 4.0 days, p < 0.01) and total hospital cost ($21,924 versus $23,694, p = 0.04) were decreased in the cryoablation cohort, despite longer operative time (152 vs 74 min, p < 0.01). Cryoablation was associated with decreased opioid usage (15.0 versus 148.6 MME, p < 0.01) during the 24 h following surgery and this persisted over the entire postoperative period, including discharge opioid prescription (112.5 vs 300.0 MME, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Bilateral intercostal nerve cryoablation is associated with decreased postoperative opioid usage and decreased resource utilization in pediatric patients undergoing a minimally invasive Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Retrospective comparative study, level III.

10.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nephrectomy often is required during en bloc resection of a retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) to achieve an R0 or R1 resection. The impact of nephrectomy on postoperative renal function in this patient population, who also may benefit from subsequent nephrotoxic systemic therapy, is not well described. METHODS: The United States Sarcoma Collaborative (USSC) database was queried for patients undergoing RPS resection between 2000 and 2016. Patients with missing pre- or postoperative measures of renal function were excluded. A matched cohort was created using coarsened exact matching. Weighted logistic regression was used to control further for differences between the nephrectomy and non-nephrectomy cohorts. The primary outcomes were postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI), acute renal failure (ARF), and dialysis. RESULTS: The initial cohort consisted of 858 patients, 3 (0.3%) of whom required postoperative dialysis. The matched cohort consisted of 411 patients, 108 (26%) of whom underwent nephrectomy. The patients who underwent nephrectomy had higher rates of postoperative AKI (14.8% vs 4.3%; p < 0.01) and ARF (4.6% vs 1.3%; p = 0.04), but no patients required dialysis postoperatively. Logistic regression modeling showed that the risk of AKI (odds ratio [OR], 5.16; p < 0.01) and ARF (OR 5.04; p < 0.01) after nephrectomy persisted despite controlling for age and preoperative renal function. CONCLUSIONS: Nephrectomy is associated with an increased risk of postoperative AKI and ARF after RPS resection. This study was unable to statistically assess the impact of nephrectomy on postoperative dialysis, but the risk of postoperative dialysis is 0.5% or less regardless of nephrectomy status.

12.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While parenchymal hepatic metastases were previously considered a contraindication to cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), liver resection (LR) is increasingly performed with CRS/HIPEC. METHODS: Patients from the US HIPEC Collaborative (2000-2017) with invasive appendiceal or colorectal adenocarcinoma undergoing primary, curative intent CRS/HIPEC with CC0-1 resection were included. LR was defined as a formal parenchymal resection. Primary endpoints were postoperative complications and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: A total of 658 patients were included. About 83 (15%) underwent LR of colorectal (58%) or invasive appendiceal (42%) metastases. LR patients had more complications (81% vs. 60%; p = .001), greater number of complications (2.3 vs. 1.5; p < .001) per patient and required more reoperations (22% vs. 11%; p = .007) and readmissions (39% vs. 25%; p = .014) than non-LR patients. LR patients had decreased OS (2-year OS 62% vs. 79%, p < .001), even when accounting for peritoneal carcinomatosis index and histology type. Preoperative factors associated with decreased OS on multivariable analysis in LR patients included age < 60 years (HR, 3.61; 95% CI, 1.10-11.81), colorectal histology (HR, 3.84; 95% CI, 1.69-12.65), and multiple liver tumors (HR, 3.45; 95% CI, 1.21-9.85) (all p < .05). When assigning one point for each factor, there was an incremental decrease in 2-year survival as the risk score increased from 0 to 3 (0: 100%; 1: 91%; 2: 58%; 3: 0%). CONCLUSIONS: As CRS/HIPEC + LR has become more common, we created a simple risk score to stratify patients considered for CRS/HIPEC + LR. These data aid in striking the balance between an increased perioperative complication profile with the potential for improvement in OS.

13.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physician variation in adherence to best practices contributes to the high costs of health care. Understanding surgeon-specific cost variation in common surgical procedures may inform strategies to improve the value of surgical care. METHODS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomies at a single institution were identified over a 5-year period and linked to an institutional cost database. Multiple linear regression was used to control for patient-, case-, and hospital-specific factors while assessing the impact of surgeon variability on cost. RESULTS: The final dataset contained 1686 patients. Higher surgeon volume (reported in tertiles) was associated with decreased costs ($5354 vs. $6301 vs. $7156, p < 0.01) and OR times (66 min vs. 85 min vs. 95 min, p < 0.01). After controlling for patient-, case-, and hospital-specific factors, non-MIS fellowship training type (p < 0.01) and low surgeon volume (p < 0.01) were associated with increased costs, while time in practice did not contribute to cost variation (p = NS). CONCLUSIONS: Surgeon variability contributes to costs in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Some of this variability is associated with operative volume and fellowship training. Collaboration to limit this cost variability may reduce surgical resource utilization.

14.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 37(1): 1182-1188, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040617

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mucinous appendiceal carcinoma is a rare malignancy that commonly spreads to the peritoneum leading to peritoneal metastases. Complete cytoreduction with perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (PIC) is the mainstay of treatment, administered as either hyperthermic intra peritoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) or early post-operative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (EPIC). Our goal was to assess the perioperative and long term survival outcomes associated with these two PIC methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with mucinous appendiceal carcinoma were identified in the US HIPEC Collaborative database from 12 academic institutions. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and survival outcomes were compared among patients who underwent HIPEC vs. EPIC with inverse probability weighting (IPW) used for adjustment. RESULTS: Among 921 patients with mucinous appendiceal carcinoma, 9% underwent EPIC while 91% underwent HIPEC. There was no difference in Grade III-V complications between the two groups (18.5% for HIPEC vs. 15.0% for EPIC, p=.43) though patients who underwent HIPEC had higher rates of readmissions (21.2% vs. 8.8%, p<.01). Additionally, PIC method was not an independent predictor for overall survival (OS) or recurrence-free survival (RFS) after adjustment on multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with mucinous appendiceal carcinoma, both EPIC and HIPEC appear to be associated with similar perioperative and long-term outcomes.

15.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(13): 4996-5004, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073341

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: CRS/HIPEC is thought to confer a survival advantage for patients with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM). However, the impact of nonperitoneal organ resection is not clearly defined. We evaluated the impact of major organ resection (MOR) on postoperative outcomes and overall survival (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The US HIPEC collaborative database (2000-2017) was reviewed for MPM patients who underwent CRS/HIPEC. MOR was defined as total or partial resection of diaphragm, stomach, spleen, pancreas, small bowel, colon, rectum, kidney, ureter, bladder, and/or uterus. MOR was categorized as 0, 1, or 2+ organs. RESULTS: A total of 174 patients were identified. Median PCI was 16 (3-39). The distribution of patients with MOR-0, MOR-1, and MOR-2+ was 94, 45, and 35 patients, respectively. MOR-1 and MOR-2+ groups had a higher frequency of any complication compared with MOR-0 (57.8%, 74.3%, and 48.9%, respectively, p = 0.035), but Clavien 3/4 complications were similar. Median length of stay was slightly higher in the MOR-1 and MOR-2+ groups (10 and 11 days) compared with the MOR-0 cohort (9 days, p = 0.005). Incomplete cytoreduction, ASA class 4, and male gender were associated with increased mortality on unadjusted analysis; however, their impact on OS was attenuated on multivariable analysis. MOR was not associated with OS based on these data (MOR-1: HR 1.67, 95% CI 0.59-4.74; MOR-2+ : HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.22-2.69). CONCLUSIONS: MOR was not associated with an increase in major complications or worse OS in patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC for MPM and should be considered, if necessary, to achieve complete cytoreduction for MPM patients.

16.
Surgery ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the downstream effects of surgical transitional care programs. We explored the impact of such programs on patient satisfaction and fiscal metrics. METHODS: A telephone-based surgical transitional care program enrolled patients undergoing complex abdominal surgery between 2015 to 2017. A matched cohort undergoing similar procedures between 2010 to 2015 were used as controls. Press Ganey scores were used to reflect patient satisfaction. Hospital costs, reimbursements, and margins were analyzed for index hospitalizations and readmissions within 90 days of surgery. RESULTS: There were 607 patients in the control group and 608 in the transitional care program; survey response rates were 37% and 35%, respectively. Transitional care patients rated their understanding of personal responsibilities in post-discharge care higher than controls (59% vs 69%, P = .02). Transitional care patients felt they received better educational materials about their condition or treatment (55% vs 68%, P < .01) and rated their global hospital experience higher (46% vs 57%, P = .02). The aggregate (index plus readmission) cost was greater for the transitional care ($22,814 vs $25,827, P < .01), but there was no difference in aggregate margin ($7,027 vs $4,698, P = .25). Multivariable adjustment yielded similar results for the aggregate cost (ref vs $2,232, P = .03) and margin (ref vs $1,299, P = .23). CONCLUSION: The use of this dedicated abdominal surgery transitional care program is associated with improved Press Ganey patient education and global rating scores. The cost to support this program did not adversely affect the hospital margin when considering all factors. These data support broader investment in patient centered initiatives that may significantly enhance patient experience.

17.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939750

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines recommend that sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) be discussed with patients with thin melanoma at higher risk for lymph node metastasis (T1b or T1a with positive deep margins, lymphovascular invasion, or high mitotic index). We examined the association between SLNB and resource utilization in this cohort. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients that underwent wide local excision for higher risk thin melanomas from 2009 to 2018 at a tertiary care center. Patients who underwent SLNB were compared to those who did not undergo SLNB with regard to resource utilization, including total hospital cost. RESULTS: A total of 70 patients were included in the analysis and 50 patients (71.4%) underwent SLNB. SLNB was associated with increased hospital costs ($6700 vs. $3767; p < .01) and increased operative time (68.5 vs. 36.0 min; p < .01). This cost difference persisted in multivariable regression (p < .01). Of patients who underwent successful SLN mapping, 3 out of 49 patients had a positive SLN (6.1%). The cost to identify a single positive sentinel lymph node (SLN) was $47,906. CONCLUSION: In patients with a higher risk of thin melanoma, SLNB is associated with increased cost despite a low likelihood of SLN positivity. These data better inform patient-provider discussions as the role of SLNB in thin melanoma evolves.

18.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal time interval to define early recurrence (ER) among patients who underwent resection of gallbladder cancer (GBC) is not well defined. We sought to develop and validate a novel GBC recurrence risk (GBRR) score to predict ER among patients undergoing resection for GBC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent curative-intent resection for GBC between 2000 and 2018 were identified from the US Extrahepatic Biliary Malignancy Consortium database. A minimum p value approach in the log-rank test was used to define the optimal cutoff for ER. A risk stratification model was developed to predict ER based on relevant clinicopathological factors and was externally validated. RESULTS: Among 309 patients, 103 patients (33.3%) had a recurrence at a median follow-up period of 15.1 months. The optimal cutoff for ER was defined at 12 months (p = 3.04 × 10-18). On multivariable analysis, T3/T4 disease (HR: 2.80; 95% CI 1.58-5.11) and poor tumor differentiation (HR: 1.91; 95% CI 1.11-3.25) were associated with greater hazards of ER. The GBRR score was developed using ß-coefficients of variables in the final model, and patients were classified into three distinct groups relative to the risk for ER (12-month RFS; low risk: 88.4%, intermediate risk: 77.9%, high risk: 37.0%, p < 0.001). The external validation demonstrated good model generalizability with good calibration (n = 102: 12-month RFS; low risk: 94.2%, intermediate risk: 59.8%, high risk: 42.0%, p < 0.001). The GBRR score is available online at https://ktsahara.shinyapps.io/GBC_earlyrec/ . CONCLUSIONS: A novel online calculator was developed to help clinicians predict the probability of ER after curative-intent resection for GBC. The proposed web-based tool may help in the optimization of surveillance intervals and the counselling of patients about their prognosis.

19.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(7): 756-767, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for peritoneal carcinomatosis can be performed in two ways: Open or closed abdominal technique. AIM: To evaluate the impact of HIPEC method on post-operative and long-term survival outcomes. METHODS: Patients undergoing CRS with HIPEC from 2000-2017 were identified in the United States HIPEC collaborative database. Post-operative, recurrence, and overall survival outcomes were compared between those who received open vs closed HIPEC. RESULTS: Of the 1812 patients undergoing curative-intent CRS and HIPEC, 372 (21%) patients underwent open HIPEC and 1440 (79%) underwent closed HIPEC. There was no difference in re-operation or severe complications between the two groups. Closed HIPEC had higher rates of 90-d readmission while open HIPEC had a higher rate of 90-d mortalities. On multi-variable analysis, closed HIPEC technique was not a significant predictor for overall survival (hazards ratio: 0.75, 95% confidence interval: 0.51-1.10, P = 0.14) or recurrence-free survival (hazards ratio: 1.39, 95% confidence interval: 1.00-1.93, P = 0.05) in the entire cohort. These findings remained consistent in the appendiceal and the colorectal subgroups. CONCLUSION: In this multi-institutional analysis, the HIPEC method was not independently associated with relevant post-operative or long-term outcomes. HIPEC technique may be left to the discretion of the operating surgeon.

20.
J Surg Oncol ; 122(7): 1393-1400, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to define the diagnostic yield and concordance rates between endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and surgical pathology specimen following resection of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET) less than 2 cm. METHODS: Patients with a pNET less than 2 cm who underwent EUS-FNA were identified using a multi-institutional international database. Tumor differentiation, and Ki-67 index, as determined through EUS-FNA were examined and concordance rates between EUS-FNA and the surgical pathology were assessed. RESULTS: Among 628 patients with a pNET less than 2 cm, 57.2% of patients had an EUS-FNA performed. Patients who underwent EUS had slightly smaller size tumors (1.3 vs 1.4 cm), and the pNETs were less likely to be functional (15.3% vs 26.8%) or symptomatic (48.5% vs 56.5%) (both P < .05). Among 314 patients with a pNET less than 2 cm who had an EUS-FNA performed at the time of diagnosis, 243 (73.2%) had the diagnosis confirmed by preoperative EUS-FNA. Tumor differentiation and Ki-67 could be determined by EUS-FNA in only 26.4% and 20.1% of patients, respectively. Concordance rate between EUS-FNA and pathology was high relative to tumor differentiation (92.7%) and Ki-67 (81.0%). CONCLUSION: Tumor differentiation and Ki-67 index could be determined by EUS-FNA in only 26.4% and 20.1% of cases, respectively. Further studies should focus on EUS techniques to optimize diagnostic yield and cell extraction in the preoperative setting.

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