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1.
Molecules ; 26(14)2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299385

RESUMO

An efficient and simple protocol for the synthesis of a new class of diverse bis(indolyl)pyridines analogues of the marine alkaloid nortopsentin has been reported. A one-pot four-component condensation of 3-cyanocarbomethylindole, various aldehyde, 3-acetylindole, and ammonium acetate in glacial acetic acid led to the formation of 2,6-bis(1H-indol-3-yl)-4-(substituted-phenyl)pyridine-5-carbonitriles. Additionally, 2,6-bis(1H-indol-3-yl)-4-(benzofuran) pyridine-5-carbonitriles were prepared via a one-pot four-component condensation of 3-cyanocarbomethylindole, various N-substituted-indole-3-aldehydes, 2-acetylbenzofuran, and ammonium acetate. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their ability to inhibit biofilm formation against the Gram-positive bacterial reference strains Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 and the Gram-negative strain Escherichia coli ATCC 25922. Some of the new compounds showed a marked selectivity against the Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains. Remarkably, five compounds 4b, 7a, 7c, 7d and 8e demonstrated good antibiofilm formation against S. aureus and E. coli. On the other hand, the release of reducing sugars and proteins from the treated bacterial strains over the untreated strains was considered to explain the disruption effect of the selected compound on the contact cells of S. aureus and E. coli. Out of all studied compounds, the binding energies and binding mode of bis-indole derivatives 7c and 7d were theoretically the best thymidylate kinase, DNA gyrase B and DNA topoisomerase IV subunit B inhibitors.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Indóis/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA Girase/química , DNA Topoisomerase IV/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Núcleosídeo-Fosfato Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Piridinas/química
2.
Comput Biol Chem ; 78: 260-272, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30597437

RESUMO

Structural and molecular properties of HL, 4-amino-5-(2,2-dichloro-1-methylcyclopropyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiol toward the transition metal ions namely Fe(III), Co(II) and Ni(II) had been studied using elemental analyses, magnetic, electronic, FT- IR, 1H-NMR and Thermal analyses (TGA and DTA). The interpretation of thermal decomposition stages had been evaluated. The computations had been done by software of Gaussian 09W package. The geometries of triazole-thiole ligand and its metal chelates were fully optimized using density functional theory B3LYP method. (DFT)/GENECP level by implementing Def2TZVP basis set was used for Fe, Co and Ni-atoms; and basis set 6-311++G (d, p) was used for remainder atoms. There are no symmetry constrains had been applied during geometry optimization. The mixed basis set was selected due to its flexibility. HOMO and LUMO energy values for chelates, chemical hardness and electronegativity had been calculated. NBO calculations had been done at the same level using (NBO 3.1) program involved in the software of Gaussian 09W for measurement qualitatively the intra-molecular delocalization in systems under investigation. The first 15, 85, 65 and 65 low-lying excited states for ligand and Fe, Co and Ni chelates respectively had been calculated within the vertical linear-response. TD-DFT approximation at the same level of theory was used to calculate the electronic absorption spectra of the studied compounds. Their structures are confirmed by successful correlation between experimental and theoretical calculations. The ligand and its metal chelates had been examined against two bacteria such as Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus ATTC 12600), GraM-Negative (Escherichia coli ATTC 11775) and two fungus (Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans) and molecular docking using Auto Dock tools were utilized.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Quelantes/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Compostos de Sulfidrila/farmacologia , Triazóis/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Antifúngicos/síntese química , Antifúngicos/química , Aspergillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Quelantes/síntese química , Quelantes/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligantes , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Teoria Quântica , Software , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Sulfidrila/síntese química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Temperatura , Triazóis/síntese química , Triazóis/química
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