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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35019201

RESUMO

This study sought to evaluate a new method that uses injection of fibrin sealant under simultaneous balloon occlusion for the treatment of postinterventional access site bleeding complications. With the rising complexity of interventional procedures, iatrogenic false aneurysms and active bleeding has become more common. In general, these complications are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially if surgical repair is required. Although high success rates are reported for ultrasound-guided compression and ultrasound-guided thrombin injection, these methods are not always feasible. All procedures of fibrin sealant injection under simultaneous balloon occlusion for the treatment of postinterventional access site bleeding complications or pseudoaneurysm were prospectively collected. Additional data were retrospectively obtained and analyzed for all patients treated by this new method. In total, 53 patients were included from 2018 to 2021. Most of the access site complications were related to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (40%) or percutaneous coronary intervention (21%), but also to a wide variety of other procedures. Of the 53 patients, 30 had to be treated for false aneurysms and 23 for active bleeding. A high primary success rate of 94% was achieved. Recurrences of false aneurysms occurred in six patients, of which only one needed open surgical repair. Regarding complications, two peripheral embolisms, thereof one requiring additional stent implantation occurred. Balloon-assisted thrombin injection seems to be feasible and safe. It provides a new alternative to prevent surgery for patients where common techniques are unavailable or have failed.

2.
Am Heart J ; 243: 92-102, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The SMall Annuli Randomized To Evolut or SAPIEN (SMART) Trial was designed to compare the performance of the two most widely available commercial transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) devices in patients with symptomatic severe native aortic stenosis with a small aortic valve annulus undergoing transfemoral TAVR. Patients with small aortic valve annuli are typically female and are often underrepresented in clinical trials. METHODS: The SMART Trial is an international, prospective, multi-center, randomized controlled, post-market trial. The trial will be conducted in approximately 700 subjects at approximately 90 sites globally. Inclusion criteria include severe aortic stenosis, aortic valve annulus area of ≤430 mm2 based on multi-detector computed tomography, and appropriate anatomy for both the Medtronic Evolut PRO/PRO+ self-expanding and Edwards SAPIEN 3/3 Ultra balloon-expandable devices. The primary clinical outcome composite endpoint is defined as mortality, disabling stroke or heart failure rehospitalization at 12 months. The co-primary valve function composite endpoint is defined as bioprosthetic valve dysfunction at 12 months which includes hemodynamic structural valve dysfunction, defined as a mean gradient ≥20 mmHg, non-structural valve dysfunction, defined as severe prothesis-patient mismatch or ≥moderate aortic regurgitation, thrombosis, endocarditis, and aortic valve re-intervention. Powered secondary endpoints will be assessed hierarchically. CONCLUSIONS: The SMART trial will be the largest head-to-head comparative trial of transfemoral TAVR using the two most widely available contemporary TAVR devices in the setting of small aortic annuli and the largest trial to enroll primarily women. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov, Unique identifier: NCT04722250.

3.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2021 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34894124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has been associated with a dismal prognosis. However, scarce data exist on IE perivalvular extension (PEE) in such patients. METHODS: This multicenter study included a total of 579 patients who had the diagnosis of definite IE at a median of 171 (53-421) days following TAVR. PEE was defined as the presence of an intracardiac abscess, pseudoaneurysm or fistula confirmed by transthoracic/transophageal echocardiography, computed tomography or peri-operative findings. RESULTS: A total of 105 patients (18.1%) were diagnosed with PEE (perivalvular abscess, pseudoaneurysm, fistula, or a combination in 87, 7, 7, and 4 patients, respectively). A history of chronic kidney disease (ORadj: 2.08; 95% CI: [1.27-3.41], p=0.003) and IE secondary to coagulase-negative staphylococci (ORadj: 2.71; 95% CI: [1.57-4.69], p<0.001) was associated with an increased risk of PEE. Surgery was performed at index IE episode in 34 patients (32.4%) with PEE (vs. 15.2% in patients without PEE, p<0.001). In-hospital and 2-year mortality rates among PEE-IE patients were 36.5% and 69.4%, respectively. Factors independently associated with an increased mortality risk were the occurrence of other complications (stroke post-TAVR, acute renal failure, septic shock) and the lack of surgery at index IE hospitalization (padj<0.05 for all). CONCLUSION: PEE occurred in about one fifth of IE post-TAVR patients, with the presence of coagulase-negative staphylococci and chronic kidney disease determining an increased risk. Patients with PEE-IE exhibited very high early and late mortality rates, and surgery during IE hospitalization seemed to be associated with better outcomes.

4.
Fungal Divers ; : 1-335, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899100

RESUMO

This article is the 13th contribution in the Fungal Diversity Notes series, wherein 125 taxa from four phyla, ten classes, 31 orders, 69 families, 92 genera and three genera incertae sedis are treated, demonstrating worldwide and geographic distribution. Fungal taxa described and illustrated in the present study include three new genera, 69 new species, one new combination, one reference specimen and 51 new records on new hosts and new geographical distributions. Three new genera, Cylindrotorula (Torulaceae), Scolecoleotia (Leotiales genus incertae sedis) and Xenovaginatispora (Lindomycetaceae) are introduced based on distinct phylogenetic lineages and unique morphologies. Newly described species are Aspergillus lannaensis, Cercophora dulciaquae, Cladophialophora aquatica, Coprinellus punjabensis, Cortinarius alutarius, C. mammillatus, C. quercoflocculosus, Coryneum fagi, Cruentomycena uttarakhandina, Cryptocoryneum rosae, Cyathus uniperidiolus, Cylindrotorula indica, Diaporthe chamaeropicola, Didymella azollae, Diplodia alanphillipsii, Dothiora coronicola, Efibula rodriguezarmasiae, Erysiphe salicicola, Fusarium queenslandicum, Geastrum gorgonicum, G. hansagiense, Helicosporium sexualis, Helminthosporium chiangraiensis, Hongkongmyces kokensis, Hydrophilomyces hydraenae, Hygrocybe boertmannii, Hyphoderma australosetigerum, Hyphodontia yunnanensis, Khaleijomyces umikazeana, Laboulbenia divisa, Laboulbenia triarthronis, Laccaria populina, Lactarius pallidozonarius, Lepidosphaeria strobelii, Longipedicellata megafusiformis, Lophiotrema lincangensis, Marasmius benghalensis, M. jinfoshanensis, M. subtropicus, Mariannaea camelliae, Melanographium smilaxii, Microbotryum polycnemoides, Mimeomyces digitatus, Minutisphaera thailandensis, Mortierella solitaria, Mucor harpali, Nigrograna jinghongensis, Odontia huanrenensis, O. parvispina, Paraconiothyrium ajrekarii, Parafuscosporella niloticus, Phaeocytostroma yomensis, Phaeoisaria synnematicus, Phanerochaete hainanensis, Pleopunctum thailandicum, Pleurotheciella dimorphospora, Pseudochaetosphaeronema chiangraiense, Pseudodactylaria albicolonia, Rhexoacrodictys nigrospora, Russula paravioleipes, Scolecoleotia eriocamporesi, Seriascoma honghense, Synandromyces makranczyi, Thyridaria aureobrunnea, Torula lancangjiangensis, Tubeufia longihelicospora, Wicklowia fusiformispora, Xenovaginatispora phichaiensis and Xylaria apiospora. One new combination, Pseudobactrodesmium stilboideus is proposed. A reference specimen of Comoclathris permunda is designated. New host or distribution records are provided for Acrocalymma fici, Aliquandostipite khaoyaiensis, Camarosporidiella laburni, Canalisporium caribense, Chaetoscutula juniperi, Chlorophyllum demangei, C. globosum, C. hortense, Cladophialophora abundans, Dendryphion hydei, Diaporthe foeniculina, D. pseudophoenicicola, D. pyracanthae, Dictyosporium pandanicola, Dyfrolomyces distoseptatus, Ernakulamia tanakae, Eutypa flavovirens, E. lata, Favolus septatus, Fusarium atrovinosum, F. clavum, Helicosporium luteosporum, Hermatomyces nabanheensis, Hermatomyces sphaericoides, Longipedicellata aquatica, Lophiostoma caudata, L. clematidis-vitalbae, Lophiotrema hydei, L. neoarundinaria, Marasmiellus palmivorus, Megacapitula villosa, Micropsalliota globocystis, M. gracilis, Montagnula thailandica, Neohelicosporium irregulare, N. parisporum, Paradictyoarthrinium diffractum, Phaeoisaria aquatica, Poaceascoma taiwanense, Saproamanita manicata, Spegazzinia camelliae, Submersispora variabilis, Thyronectria caudata, T. mackenziei, Tubeufia chiangmaiensis, T. roseohelicospora, Vaginatispora nypae, Wicklowia submersa, Xanthagaricus necopinatus and Xylaria haemorrhoidalis. The data presented herein are based on morphological examination of fresh specimens, coupled with analysis of phylogenetic sequence data to better integrate taxa into appropriate taxonomic ranks and infer their evolutionary relationships.

5.
Gene ; 813: 146124, 2021 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34921950

RESUMO

The knowledge of RNA editing modifications and its subsequent proteomic diversity in is still limited and represents only the tip of the iceberg. Adenosine to inosine (A-to-I) RNA editing is the most prevalent in RNA editome with a rising role for ADARgene family as a major regulator of the dynamic landscape of RNA editing. This study aimed at evaluating the potential chemopreventive effects of the epigenetic regulator "pterostilbene" in diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-exposedrat model. Consequently, the hepatic Adars expression was investigated as a possible mechanism for mediation of the putative pterostilbene-induced chemopreventive effect. The effects of administration of pterostilbene were investigated on the structural changes, immunohistochemical staining, liver function test, serum alpha feto-protein (AFP), IL-6, and hepatic Adar1 and Adar2 relative gene expression at the beginning and at the 6th week of the study. Pterostilbene attenuated DEN-induced liver injury, improves hepatocyte parrafin-1 (Hep Par-1), decreases heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), improved AFP, serum albumin, transaminases, IL-6 with alleviation of disturbed hepatic Adar1 and Adar2 expression. This study spotlights the role of pterostilbene in attenuation of DEN-induced liver injury which could be mediated, at least partially, through the alleviation of the aberrant expression of Adar enzymes. Yet, more in-depth studies are needed to further elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of pterostilbene on RNA editing enzymes.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the ability of machine-learning (ML)-based computed tomography (CT)-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) to further improve the diagnostic performance of coronary CT angiography (cCTA) for ruling out significant coronary artery disease (CAD) during pre-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) evaluation in patients with a high pre-test probability for CAD. BACKGROUND: CAD is a frequent comorbidity in patients undergoing TAVR. Current guidelines recommend its assessment before TAVR. If significant CAD can be excluded on cCTA, invasive coronary angiography (ICA) may be avoided. Although cCTA is a very sensitive test, it is limited by relatively low specificity and positive predictive value, particularly in high-risk patients. METHODS: Overall, 460 patients (79.6 ± 7.4 years) undergoing pre-TAVR CT were included and examined with an electrocardiogram-gated CT scan of the heart and high-pitch scan of the vascular access route. Images were evaluated for significant CAD. Patients routinely underwent ICA (388/460), which was omitted at the discretion of the local Heart Team if CAD could be effectively ruled out on cCTA (72/460). CT examinations in which CAD could not be ruled out (CAD+) (n = 272) underwent additional ML-based CT-FFR. RESULTS: ML-based CT-FFR was successfully performed in 79.4% (216/272) of all CAD+ patients and correctly reclassified 17 patients as CAD negative. CT-FFR was not feasible in 20.6% because of reduced image quality (37/56) or anatomic variants (19/56). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 94.9%, 52.0%, 52.2%, and 94.9%, respectively. The additional evaluation with ML-based CT-FFR increased accuracy by Δ+3.4% (CAD+: Δ+6.0%) and raised the total number of examinations negative for CAD to 43.9% (202/460). CONCLUSIONS: ML-based CT-FFR may further improve the diagnostic performance of cCTA by correctly reclassifying a considerable proportion of patients with morphological signs of obstructive CAD on cCTA during pre-TAVR evaluation. Thereby, CT-FFR has the potential to further reduce the need for ICA in this challenging elderly group of patients before TAVR.

7.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801576

RESUMO

Cardiogenic shock (CS) represents one of the foremost concerns in the field of acute cardiovascular medicine. Despite major advances in treatment, mortality of CS remains high. International societies recommend the development of expert CS centers with standardized protocols for CS diagnosis and treatment. In these terms, devices for temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) can be used to support the compromised circulation and could improve clinical outcome in selected patient populations presenting with CS. In the past years, we have witnessed an immense increase in the utilization of MCS devices to improve the clinical problem of low cardiac output. Although some treatment guidelines include the use of temporary MCS up to now no large randomized controlled trial confirmed a reduction in mortality in CS patients after MCS and additional research evidence is necessary to fully comprehend the clinical value of MCS in CS. In this article, we provide an overview of the most important diagnostic and therapeutic modalities in CS with the main focus on contemporary MCS devices, current state of art and scientific evidence for its clinical application and outline directions of future research efforts.

8.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess temporal trends of patient baseline characteristics, risk profile and outcome of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) between 2013 and 2020. BACKGROUND: Guideline recommendations and increasing confidence in TAVI therapy may have changed the selection of TAVI patients. METHODS: Baseline risk profile and VARC-2 outcome of 15,344 patients undergoing TAVI at 5 high volume centers in Germany over the time period 2013-2020 was analyzed. RESULTS: Over the 8 years, annual TAVI volumes more than doubled from 1071 in 2013 to 2996 in 2020. The baseline surgical risk estimated by the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score declined from 7.2 ± 6.2% to 4.6 ± 3.7% (P < 0.001) as a consequence of lower comorbidity burden, whereas mean age remained unchanged (2013 81.0 ± 6.1; 2020 80.8 ± 6.4; P = 0.976) with patients ≥ 80 years accounting for about two-third of the treated cohort. Periprocedural complications including bleeding (2013 24.5%; 2020 12.1%; P < 0.001), vascular complications (2013 20.7%; 2020 11.7%; P < 0.001) and new permanent pacemaker implantation (2013 20.1%; 2020 13.8%, P < 0.001) decreased significantly. Similarly, the 30-day mortality decreased from 5.4% to 2.1% (P < 0.001), but remained high in high-risk patients (STS > 8% 2013 7.5%; 2020 6.9%; P = 0.778). CONCLUSION: From 2013 to 2020, mortality and burden of complications following TAVI procedure significantly decreased in a large multicenter registry from Germany. Proportion of elderly patients remained stable, while the surgical risk profile decreased.

9.
Circulation ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738828

RESUMO

Background: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an established treatment option for patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS), and is most commonly performed through the transfemoral access route. Percutaneous access site closure can be achieved using dedicated plug-based or suture-based vascular closure device (VCD) strategies, but randomized comparative studies are scarce. Methods: The CHOICE-CLOSURE (Randomized Comparison of CatHeter-based Strategies fOr Interventional ACcess SitE CLOSURE during Transfemoral Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) trial is an investigator-initiated, multicenter study, in which patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR were randomly assigned to vascular access site closure using either a pure plug-based technique (MANTA, Teleflex, Wayne, Pennsylvania) with no additional VCDs or a primary suture-based technique (ProGlide, Abbott Vascular, Abbott Park, Illinois) potentially complemented by a small-plug. The primary endpoint consisted of access-site or access-related major and minor vascular complications during index hospitalization, defined according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria. Secondary endpoints included the rate of access-site or access-related bleeding, VCD failure, and time to hemostasis Results: A total of 516 patients were included and randomized. The mean age of the study population was 80.5±6.1 years, 55.4% were male, 7.6% of patients had peripheral vascular disease, and the mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 4.1±2.9%. The primary endpoint occurred in 19.4% (50/258) of the pure plug-based group and 12.0% (31/258) of the primary suture-based group (relative risk [RR]: 1.61, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07-2.44, p=0.029). Access-site or access-related bleeding occurred in 11.6% vs. 7.4% (RR: 1.58, 95%CI: 0.91-2.73, p=0.133) and device failure in 4.7% vs. 5.4% (RR: 0.86, 95%CI: 0.40-1.82, p=0.841) in the respective groups. Time to hemostasis was significantly shorter in the pure plug-based group (80 [32, 180] vs. 240 [174, 316] seconds, p<0.001). Conclusions: Among patients treated with transfemoral TAVR, a pure plug-based vascular closure technique using the MANTA VCD is associated with a higher rate of access-site or access-related vascular complications but a shorter time to hemostasis compared to a primary suture-based technique using the ProGlide VCD.

10.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calcified coronary lesions present therapeutic challenges for the interventional cardiologist, often requiring rotational atherectomy (RA). AIMS: This study aimed to develop an angiographic scoring tool to predict the need for a priori RA. METHODS: A pooled analysis of the randomised ROTAXUS and PREPARE-CALC studies was carried out, (N=220 patients, N=313 lesions), by virtue of the fact that both studies made provision for crossover to RA (from balloon dilatation or modified balloon dilatation, respectively). Logistical regression techniques were employed to assess for the presence of patient- or lesion-specific factors leading to a necessity for RA. External validation was performed though retrospective calculation of the score for 192 patients who underwent bail-out RA in a single centre. RESULTS: Lesion length (odds ratio [OR] 1.02, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00-1.04 per mm, p=0.04), bifurcation lesion (OR 2.60, 95% CI: 1.27-5.30, p=0.009), vessel tortuosity >45° (OR 3.49, 95% CI: 1.73-7.03, p<0.001) and severe vessel calcification (OR 11.60, 95% CI: 3.40-39.64, p<0.001) were predictive of the need for RA in multivariate analysis. Based on the regression coefficients, a scoring system was devised. The greater the score, the more likely a lesion required RA. The scoring system performed well in the external validation cohort, with 78% of patients crossing over having a score of greater than the proposed cut-off of 3. CONCLUSIONS: We provide an angiographic scoring tool to support the expeditious use of time and resources, allowing assessment of the likelihood of success of a balloon-based strategy, or the necessity for RA.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713401

RESUMO

In this proposed study, erbium (Er3+)-doped ZnO nanocomposites were prepared through the effective, basic, and green combustion method. The significant effects of Er dopants on the structural, morphological features, dielectric, and optical behaviors of the pure ZnO matrix as well as Er2O3-ZnO nanostructured materials were investigated applying X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transformation infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and UV-Vis spectrophotometer techniques. These results showed that the synthesized Er2O3-ZnO nanocomposites are well polycrystalline. The Er2O3-ZnO nanocomposites are almost uniformly distributed on the surface morphologies. Furthermore, UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, AC electrical conductivity, and dielectric properties' current-voltage characteristics were utilized to examine the influence of erbium doping on the optical properties, energy bandgaps of the proposed Er2O3-ZnO nanostructured powder. The tested nano-samples were applied for the visible light photodegradation of p-chlorophenol(4-CP) and p-nitrophenol (4-NP). The Er-doped ZnO ratio affects the photocatalytic activity of the ZnO matrix. This current research substantiated that more than 99.5% of 4-CP and 4-NP were photodegraded through 30 min of irradiation. Four times, the Er:ZnO nanocatalysts were used and still displayed an efficiency of more than 96.5% for 4-CP and 4-NP degradations in the specified period of 30 min. The as-prepared Er2O3-ZnO nanostructures are considered novel potential candidates in broad nano-applications from visible photocatalytic degradation of waste pollutants to the electronic varistor devices.

13.
Can J Cardiol ; 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus (S aureus) has been extensively studied as causative microorganism of surgical prosthetic-valve infective endocarditis (IE). However, scarce evidence exists on S aureus IE after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: Data was obtained from the Infectious Endocarditis after TAVR International Registry including patients with definite IE following TAVR from 59 centers in 11 countries. Patients were divided into two groups according to microbiological etiology (non-S aureus-IE, non-SA-IE vs. S aureus-IE, SA-IE). RESULTS: SA-IE was identified in 141 out of 573 (24.6%) patients, methicillin-sensitive S aureus in most cases (115/141, 81.6%). SEV were more common than BEV in patients with early SA-IE. Major bleeding and sepsis complicating TAVR, neurological symptoms or systemic embolism at admission and IE with cardiac device involvement other than the TAVR prosthesis were associated with SA-IE (p<0.05 for all). Among IE post-TAVR patients, the likelihood of SA-IE increased from 19% in the absence of those risk factors to 84.6% if ≥3 risk factors were present. In-hospital (47.8% vs. 26.9%, p<0.001) and 2-year mortality (71.5% vs. 49.6%, p<0.001) rates were higher among SA-IE (vs. non-SA-IE) patients. Surgery at the time of index SA-IE was associated with a lower mortality rate at follow-up (HRadj: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.22-0.96, p=0.038). CONCLUSIONS: SA-IE represented ∼ 25% of IE cases after TAVR and was associated with a very high in-hospital and late mortality. The presence of some features determined a higher likelihood of SA-IE and could help to orientate early antibiotic regimen selection. Surgery at index SA-IE was associated with improved outcomes, and its role should be evaluated in future studies.

15.
J Clin Med ; 10(18)2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575291

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a well-established alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. Currently, this technique is shifting towards younger patient groups with intermediate- and low-risk profile, which raises the question about long-term durability. Despite acceptable results up to 5 years, little is currently known about valve performance beyond 5 years. Since valve deterioration, thrombosis and endocarditis seem to be the main factors affecting valve durability, precise and widely accepted definitions of these parameters were stated by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) in 2017, followed by the Valve in Valve International Data (VIVID) group definitions in 2018 and the Valve Academic Research Consortium 3 (VARC-3) definitions in 2021. Until the introduction of these definitions, interstudy comparisons were difficult due to missing uniformity. Since the release of these recommendations, an increasing number of studies have reported their data on long-term durability using these new criteria. The aim of the present article is to discuss the current definitions on bioprosthetic valve durability, and to summarize the available data on long-term durability of transcatheter aortic valves.

17.
N Engl J Med ; 2021 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction is a frequent cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, the benefits of early coronary angiography and revascularization in resuscitated patients without electrocardiographic evidence of ST-segment elevation are unclear. METHODS: In this multicenter trial, we randomly assigned 554 patients with successfully resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of possible coronary origin to undergo either immediate coronary angiography (immediate-angiography group) or initial intensive care assessment with delayed or selective angiography (delayed-angiography group). All the patients had no evidence of ST-segment elevation on postresuscitation electrocardiography. The primary end point was death from any cause at 30 days. Secondary end points included a composite of death from any cause or severe neurologic deficit at 30 days. RESULTS: A total of 530 of 554 patients (95.7%) were included in the primary analysis. At 30 days, 143 of 265 patients (54.0%) in the immediate-angiography group and 122 of 265 patients (46.0%) in the delayed-angiography group had died (hazard ratio, 1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00 to 1.63; P = 0.06). The composite of death or severe neurologic deficit occurred more frequently in the immediate-angiography group (in 164 of 255 patients [64.3%]) than in the delayed-angiography group (in 138 of 248 patients [55.6%]), for a relative risk of 1.16 (95% CI, 1.00 to 1.34). Values for peak troponin release and for the incidence of moderate or severe bleeding, stroke, and renal-replacement therapy were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest without ST-segment elevation, a strategy of performing immediate angiography provided no benefit over a delayed or selective strategy with respect to the 30-day risk of death from any cause. (Funded by the German Center for Cardiovascular Research; TOMAHAWK ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02750462.).

18.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(10): 1668-1679, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255133

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and safety of minimal-contrast percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using rotational atherectomy (RA) in patients with severe coronary calcification at high-risk of contrast-associated acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with advanced chronic kidney disease undergoing PCI with RA at three high-volume centres were included. Baseline intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) was performed to assess lesion morphology, and to guide burr-, balloon-, and stent-selection. Final result was assessed by IVUS and angiographically. Feasibility and safety were determined by procedural and in-hospital complications, and efficacy was assessed by freedom from contrast-associated AKI after PCI. Procedural and in-hospital outcome was compared to a propensity-matched population of standard RA PCI. RESULTS: Mean glomerular filtration rate was 32 ± 17 ml/min/1.73 m2. In seven cases PCI was performed in the setting of acute coronary syndrome. The left main coronary artery was treated in 27.8% and a two-stent bifurcation technique in 44.4%. RA was more often performed electively compared to the standard RA cohort (92.3 vs. 50%; p = 0.0016). Angiographic success was achieved in 100% and documented with a median contrast amount of 12.5 ml [Range 4-43]. No in-hospital death or myocardial infarction was reported. Contrast-associated AKI occurred in one patient versus five patients in standard RA group (p = 0.19). Shorter fluoroscopy time and lower radiation dose were achieved as compared to standard RA. CONCLUSION: A minimal-contrast RA approach with IVUS-guidance for treatment of complex calcified coronary lesions is feasible and safe with high success rate.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular and bleeding complications are common after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and are associated with worse outcomes. The plug-based Manta (M) vascular closure device (VCD) is a novel option to achieve haemostasis for large-bore arterial access sites. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare vascular and bleeding complications between the M-VCD and the established suture-based Perclose ProGlide (P)-VCD. METHODS: From February to September 2019 a total of 578 patients underwent transfemoral TAVI at a single high-volume centre. Access site closure was performed using M-VCD in 195 patients (33.7%) and P-VCD in 383 patients (66.3%). We assessed vascular and access site-related complications as well as bleeding events according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definition. RESULTS: Overall vascular complications occurred less frequently in the M-VCD group (10.7% vs. 19.0%, p = 0.011) driven by a significantly lower rate of major vascular events (2.0% vs. 6.5%, p = 0.025). Access site-related complications were significantly less frequent in the M-VCD cohort (10.7% vs. 16.6%, p = 0.048). The M-VCD was associated with significantly lower rates of major (0.5% vs. 4.4%, p = 0.009) and life-threatening bleeding (0% vs. 2.3%, p = 0.032). In multivariable analysis, the use of M-VCD was the only independent predictor of vascular complications (odds ratio 0.54, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.91, p = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: The M-VCD was associated with a reduction of vascular and access-site complications as well as severe bleeding after transfemoral TAVI compared to the P-VCD in this observational study.

20.
Int J Cardiol ; 338: 168-173, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appropriate size selection of transcatheter heart valves (THVs) is fundamental to reduce transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) related complications, particularly paravalvular aortic regurgitation, new permanent pacemaker implantation, and annular rupture. We sought to investigate the frequency of operator selection of intermediate-size balloon-expandable Myval THVs (Meril Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., India) for TAVI in a real-world dataset. METHODS: In this retrospective survey of patients treated with TAVI using the Myval THV, 20, 23, 26, and 29 mm are conventional-size THVs, 21.5, 24.5 and 27.5 mm are intermediate-size THVs, and 30.5 and 32 mm are extra-large THVs. Operator size selection for implantation was based on multislice computed tomography (MSCT) derived aortic-root dimensions. RESULTS: A total of 1115 patients underwent Myval THV implantation in 27 countries worldwide. The Myval intermediate-size THVs were used in 468 (42.0%) patients. MSCT data were available in 562 patients. There was no statistical difference between the Intermediate/Upsized and Appropriately sized groups or Intermediate/Downsized and Appropriately sized groups in terms of different variables measured with MSCT except for annular dimensions and degree of calcification. CONCLUSIONS: Intermediate-size Myval balloon-expandable THVs are used in nearly half of all cases in contemporary real-world TAVI practice, addressing the unmet need of TAVI operators for a more calibrated THV choice. Our hypothesis should be tested in randomized prospective studies currently initiated in Europe, including clinical outcomes of patients treated with both conventional- and intermediate-size THVs.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Índia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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