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1.
Cardiovasc J Afr ; 30: 1-4, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary computed tomography angiography (CTA) contains a wealth of information regarding the diagnosis and impact of acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Echocardiography remains the recommended examination to detect signs of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in patients with shock or hypotension following PE. OBJECTIVES: To detect the relationship between clot volume in pulmonary CTA and different parameters of RV dysfunction assessed by echocardiography and pulmonary CTA in patients with acute PE. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on patients with acute PE from June 2017 to June 2018. Enrolled patients were assessed clinically, radiologically and for cardiac dysfunction. The relationship between clot volume and RV dysfunction was assessed using pulmonary CTA and echocardiography. Data were analysed with SPSS version 16. Correlations were studied using the Spearman and Kruskal-Wallis tests. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation found between clot volume and parameters of RV dysfunction, assessed by pulmonary CTA, including RV diameter (p < 0.001), RV to left ventricular (LV) diameter ratio (p = 0.01), pulmonary artery diameter (p = 0.01), ratio of main pulmonary artery to ascending aorta diameter (p = 0.04), and superior vena cava diameter (p = 0.01). On the other hand, there was no significant correlation between clot volume and parameters of RV dysfunction assessed by echocardiography. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute PE, the assessment of RV dysfunction using pulmonary CTA showed good correlation with clot burden, unlike the assessment done with echocardiography.

4.
Int J Stem Cells ; 9(1): 31-5, 2016 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27426083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tissues such as the lung, liver, and pancreas that have a low steady-state cell turnover yet can respond robustly after injury to replace damaged cells. The airway epithelium is exposed to inhaled particles and pathogens that may lead to the development of a many infectious and inflammatory respiratory diseases. Lung transplantation is an accepted modality of treatment for end-stage lung diseases. Since the early 1990 s, more than 26,000 lung transplants have been performed at centers worldwide. However, the availability of donor tissues and organs is limited, which presents a serious limitation for widespread transplantation surgery. The appearance of bioengineered lung and tracheal tissue transplants is considered a promising alternative to the classical transplantation of donor organ/tissue. Stem cells therapy arises as a new therapeutic approach, with a wide application potential.

5.
Int J Stem Cells ; 9(1): 145-51, 2016 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27426096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In severe chronic stages of emphysema the only treatment is lung transplantation. SO, an urgent need exists for the development of effective treatments. Stem cells therapy arises as a new therapeutic approach. AIM OF THE WORK: To investigate whether bone marrow mononuclar cells (BMMNCs) can promote lung regeneration and decrease apoptosis in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced pulmonary emphysema in C57Bl/6 mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 14 weeks old female mice (C57Bl/6), weighing around 25 g were used in this study. The mice were divided into 4 groups (10 in each group): group A: mice received no treatment, group B: mice received intranasal instillation of LPS with no further treatment, group C: mice received intranasal instillation of LPS then given a dose of BMMNCs and evaluated 21 days later and group D: the mice that received intranasal instillation of LPS then given a dose of Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (DMEM) and evaluated 21 days later. Imaging analysis was done using imagej program. To measure apoptotic index, Anti-caspase 3 polyclonal antibody staining was done. RESULTS: Analysis of the mean of airspace equivalent diameters (D0) and its statistical distribution (D1) for the different groups allowed to observe that group treated with BMMNCs (group C) showed the significant improvement in D0 and D1 than the group received LPS only (group B). Analysis of apoptotic index showed significant difference between BMMNCs treated group (group C) and that received LPS only (group B). CONCLUSIONS: BMMNCs effectively promote lung regeneration and reduction of apoptosis in pulmonary emphysema.

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