Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 78
Filtrar
1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different silicatization protocols with various silane treatment methods on the bond performance to high-translucent zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-translucent zirconia specimens were assigned to five groups according to mechanical surface pretreatment: as-sintered (Con), 0.2 MPa alumina sandblasting (AB2), tribochemical silica coating (TSC), 0.2 and 0.4 MPa glass bead air abrasion (GB2) and (GB4). Each group was subjected to 4 different cementation protocols: Panavia SA Universal (SAU), Panavia SA plus (SAP), silane + SAP (S-SAP), and Universal adhesive + SAP (U-SAP). Tensile bond strength (TBS) was measured after 24 h and 10,000 thermocycling (TC). Surface topography, surface energy, and elemental composition of the abraded zirconia surface analyses were completed. TBS data was analyzed using the Weibull analysis method. Surface roughness and surface energy were compared by one-way ANOVA analysis of variance (α = 0.05). RESULTS: After 24 h, higher TBS was achieved with all cementation protocols in AB2 and TSC, also, in GB2 with all protocols except U-SAP, and in GB4 with SAU and S-SAP. After aging, GB4/S-SAP, GB2/S-SAP, AB2/U-SAP, and TSC/S-SAP showed the highest bond strength. GB groups showed the lowest surface roughness and highest surface energy. CONCLUSION: Glass bead abrasion achieved the durable bond strength to high-translucent zirconia using a separate silane coupling agent while altered surface chemistry, surface energy, and roughness without effect on morphology. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Glass bead air abrasion is an alternative to alumina sandblasting and tribochemical silica coating and improves bond strength to high translucent zirconia.

2.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 741104, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675905

RESUMO

Infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy causes failure of pregnancy maintenance, resulting in fetal death, abortion, stillbirth, or premature birth, but the mechanism of disease onset remains unclear. Although Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is expressed on antigen-presenting cells and trophoblasts, the role of TLR2 in T. gondii infection during pregnancy is unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of TLR2 in congenital toxoplasmosis using TLR2-deficient (TLR2-/-) mice. T. gondii infection on gestational day 12.5 (Gd12.5) induced more abnormal pregnancy, including premature birth and stillbirth, in wild-type mice than in TLR2-/- mice. Multiple calcifications were observed in the placentas of the infected wild-type mice. At Gd18.5 (6days postinfection), the parasite numbers in the placenta and uterus and the histological changes did not differ significantly between the wild-type and TLR2-/- mice. However, T. gondii infection reduced the mRNA expression of interleukin-12p40 (IL-12p40) and increased IL-4 and IL-10 mRNAs in the placentas of the wild-type mice. In contrast, the placentas of the TLR2-/- mice showed no changes in the expression of these cytokines, including IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α, in response to T. gondii infection. Serum interferon-γ levels were significantly lower in the infected TLR2-/- mice than in the infected wild-type mice on Gd18.5. Thus, the TLR2-/- mice were less susceptible to the induction of immune responses by T. gondii infection during late pregnancy. Therefore, TLR2 signaling may play a role in the development of disease states during pregnancy, specifically placental hypofunction.

3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anti-demineralization potential of a newly developed surface reaction-type pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler containing self-adhesive resin cement against acidic attacks on the dentin surface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 32 bovine teeth were used. Cavities were prepared on crown dentin slaps and filled with three self-adhesive resin cement: (1) S-PRG-based cement, (2) Si-based cement, and (3) RelyX cement. Specimens were then subjected to pH cycling for 28 days, and the depth of demineralization was assessed using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) after 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. Sixty-four root dentin blocks were divided into four groups and then subjected to a pH cycling procedure with the aforementioned three material blocks and one negative control. The mineral loss was observed using transverse microradiography (TMR), and the surface microhardness (SMH) test was conducted to investigate the mechanical properties of treated dentin surfaces. RESULTS: The depth of demineralization for the S-PRG-based cement was significantly lower than that of the Si-based cement after 7, 21, and 28 days. Conversely, the RelyX cement was not significantly different from the Si-based cement after 7, 14, and 21 days (p < 0.05). Regarding the TMR and SMH test, the S-PRG-based cement showed the least mineral loss with the highest resistance to acidic challenge. CONCLUSION: The S-PRG filler containing resin cement can reduce mineral loss and promote remineralization of dentin substrate and has the potential to preserve dentin integrity and resist acidic attack. Clinical significance Self-adhesive resin cement containing S-PRG fillers maintained the surface integrity of dentin after exposure to 28 days of acidic challenge with a significant anti-demineralization effect.

4.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of experimental cleaners containing 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) on the saliva decontamination of ceramic and their influence in restoring zirconia's adherence to resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred sixty alumina-blasted zirconia specimens were categorized into saliva-contaminated and uncontaminated groups which were treated with ceramic primer (P), experimental cleaner 1 (C1), C1 followed by P (C1P), experimental cleaner 2 (C2), and C2 followed by P (C2P). Stainless-steel rods were then attached to the specimens using PanaviaV5 cement (Kuraray Noritake Dental; Tokyo, Japan). Tensile bond strength (TBS) test was performed after 24 h and 5000 thermocycling processes. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis and contact angle measurement of the specimen were performed. The TBS data were analyzed by Weibull analysis and three-way ANOVA. Contact angle data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA (α = 0.05). RESULTS: C2P groups showed the highest TBS in all conditions among tested groups. Saliva contamination led to a significant reduction of TBS in primer- and cleaner-treated groups, with no significant impact on C2P. Adhesive failure was predominant in contaminated groups except with the C1P and C2P groups. XPS revealed that a nitrogen peak was observed on contaminated groups but not in primed groups. The contact angle was significantly affected by saliva contamination, the cleaners, and/or ceramic primer usage (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The MDP cleaner followed by the MDP primer protocol may overcome the effect of saliva contamination and improve the resin-ceramic bond strength. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: It is recommended to use a combination of MDP-containing cleaner 2 and ceramic primer as a chair-side chemical pretreatment for zirconia substrate with or without saliva contamination.

5.
Dent Mater J ; 40(6): 1394-1402, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305051

RESUMO

The effect of long-term water storage on the regional ultimate tensile strength (UTS), water sorption (Wsp) and water solubility (Wsl) of conventional and bulk-fill resin composites at various depths was investigated. Composite specimens light-cured from one side were sectioned into beams corresponding to different depths (1-5 mm) and stored in water for 24 h, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months or 1 year. UTS increased during the first week and then gradually decreased over time, especially in deeper regions. Bulk-fill composites initially exhibited similar UTS at all depths, whereas the UTS of conventional composites at 1 mm and 5 mm differed significantly at all time points. Wsp and Wsl increased with depth and storage time, markedly at 3-5 mm after 1 month for conventional composites and after 6 months for bulk-fill composites. The signs of degradation at depths beyond 3 mm suggested that even bulk-fill composites have suboptimal properties in layers more than 3 mm in thickness.

6.
Opt Lett ; 46(14): 3492-3495, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264245

RESUMO

We report on a thin-disk multipass amplifier delivering azimuthally polarized, 7.8 ps short, laser pulses at an average power and with pulse energies of up to 1.7 kW and 5.8 mJ, respectively. High polarization purity was achieved by compensating for the arbitrary linear phase shifts that are introduced by tilted optical elements.

7.
Dent Mater J ; 40(6): 1345-1351, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234048

RESUMO

This study evaluated the alterations of surface topography of the bovine enamel caused by different pH of in-office bleaching agents. 23% H2O2 with pH 5.5, 7.0 and 8.5 were applied on the bovine tooth specimens (n=10) and photo-irradiated for 10 min. The bleaching procedure was repeated three times and specimens were subjected to linear surface roughness (Ra) and Vickers microhardness test (VHN) at baseline and after three consecutive applications. The morphological alterations were observed before and after third bleaching application. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's HSD. The pH of the bleaching agent significantly affects the Ra and VHN (p<0.05). Low pH yielded a significant increase in Ra and decrease in VHN. All the groups showed morphological alterations and profound effect was found in pH 5.5 group. It was concluded that the pH of the bleaching agent can affect Ra, VHN and surface morphology.

8.
J Public Aff ; : e2656, 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230813

RESUMO

Since 2019, countries in the world have been facing many economic, political, social, and health shocks and challenges that are not easily faced with the COVID-19 pandemic, including Singapore. Under these conditions, the performance of the governance system in dealing with a pandemic is tested transparently in public. However, the implementation of good governance by the Singapore government itself is carried out by steps and decisions that will be taken and implemented through the digital bureaucracy to the community in order to suppress the positive number of COVID-19. The application of good governance also needs support other crucial elements that improved by digital bureaucracy, which are transparency, accountability, efficiency and effective.

9.
Int J Implant Dent ; 7(1): 58, 2021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) activity level is thought to be an indicator of mental stress. However, the relationship between sAA activity levels and mental stress in patients during dental implant treatment has not been studied. In the present study, we aimed to examine the correlation between sAA activity levels and changes in patients' vital signs during dental implant surgery. RESULTS: Levels of sAA activity were higher after surgery when compared to before-surgery measurements. A significant positive correlation was found between sAA activity and heart rate (HR) (rs=0.434, p=0.007) as well as a positive correlation with oxygen level (rs=0.392, p=0.016). CONCLUSION: Levels of sAA activity tended to increase after the surgical procedures, as did patients' stress levels. SpO2 and sAA activity levels were inversely correlated. There was a positive significant correlation between HR and sAA activity, though there was no correlation between blood pressure and sAA activity levels. Salivary alpha-amylase may be a valuable indicator of stress and anxiety in dental patients undergoing dental implant surgery.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , alfa-Amilases Salivares , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Saliva , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico
10.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 10(7): 21, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132759

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the ability of pix2pix conditional generative adversarial network (pix2pix cGAN) to create plausible synthesized Scheimpflug camera color-coded corneal tomography images based upon a modest-sized original dataset to be used for image augmentation during training a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) for classification of keratoconus and normal corneal images. Methods: Original images of 1778 eyes of 923 nonconsecutive patients with or without keratoconus were retrospectively analyzed. Images were labeled and preprocessed for use in training the proposed pix2pix cGAN. The best quality synthesized images were selected based on the Fréchet inception distance score, and their quality was studied by calculating the mean square error, structural similarity index, and the peak signal-to-noise ratio. We used original, traditionally augmented original and synthesized images to train a DCNN for image classification and compared classification performance metrics. Results: The pix2pix cGAN synthesized images showed plausible subjectively and objectively assessed quality. Training the DCNN with a combination of real and synthesized images allowed better classification performance compared with training using original images only or with traditional augmentation. Conclusions: Using the pix2pix cGAN to synthesize corneal tomography images can overcome issues related to small datasets and class imbalance when training computer-aided diagnostic models. Translational Relevance: Pix2pix cGAN can provide an unlimited supply of plausible synthetic Scheimpflug camera color-coded corneal tomography images at levels useful for experimental and clinical applications.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Tomografia , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
J Prosthodont ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909938

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate effect of air-particle abrasion protocol and primer on surface topography and bond strength of resin cement to high-translucent zirconia ceramics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred disk-shaped high-translucent zirconia specimens of 5Y-PSZ were prepared. The specimens were assigned to 5 groups in terms of particle type and air-particle abrasion pressure: (1) control, (2) alumina with 0.2 MPa-air pressure [AB-0.2], (3) alumina with 0.4 MPa-air pressure [AB-0.4], (4) glass beads with 0.2 MPa-air pressure [GB-0.2], and (5) glass beads with 0.4 MPa-air pressure [GB-0.4]. Two different primers 1% MDP (Experimental) and MDP-silane primer (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus) was also tested. Stainless steel rods were bonded to the 5Y-PSZ specimens with PANAVIA V5. For each group, the tensile bond strength (TBS) was measured after 24-hour water storage (n = 10) and after 5000 thermal-cycling (n = 10) at crosshead speed of 2 mm/min. The data were statistically analyzed using Weibull analysis. Surface roughness (Sa) was measured using a 3D-Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope (n = 5) and analyzed by t-test with Bonferroni correction. Surface topography using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and surface elemental analysis using energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDX), and cross-section SEM at the interface with composite cement were also investigated. RESULTS: In MDP-silane groups, the highest TBS was observed in AB-0.4 after 24 hours and GB-0.4 after thermal-cycling (p < 0.05). In MDP groups, AB groups resulted in the significantly higher TBS than GB groups (p < 0.05). AB-0.4 group showed the highest Sa value compared to all groups (p < 0.005), meanwhile GB groups did not show different Sa compared to control (p > 0.005). CONCLUSION: Air-abrasion with different particle and blasting pressure can improve bonding to zirconia with proper primer selection. Particularly, glass beads abrasion followed by MDP-silane primer and alumina abrasion followed by MDP primer alone provided stable bond strength of resin cement to high-translucent zirconia after aging. High-translucent zirconia abraded with glass beads achieves a desirable bonding performance without creating surface microcracks which may hinder zirconia's mechanical properties.

12.
J Dent ; 109: 103665, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864887

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) of self-etch adhesives (SEA) to normal and caries-affected dentin after smear layer deproteinization with papain enzyme-based and NaOCl-based chemo-mechanical caries removal agents (CRAs) and to compare their efficacy to a 6 % NaOCl solution. METHODS: Forty extracted human molars with occlusal carious lesions were randomly divided into four pretreatment groups: no treatment (control), Papacarie for 60 s, Carisolv for 60 s, and 6 % NaOCl for 15 s. After pretreatment, Universal Bond Quick ER (UBQ, one-step, 1-SEA) or Clearfil SE Bond 2 (CSE, two-step, 2-SEA) was applied to the pre-treated surface, and built-up with resin composite (Clearfil AP-X). The µTBS test was performed after 24 h water storage of the specimens at 37 °C, and the modes of failure were determined under SEM. Deproteinizing effects of the tested agents on smear layer-covered dentin was quantified by changes in the amide:phosphate ratio using attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) analysis. RESULTS: On caries-affected dentin the µTBS improved significantly after pretreatment with Papacarie, Carisolv, and 6 % NaOCl with both SEAs (p < 0.05). Papacarie pretreatment significantly improved the µTBS of UBQ on normal dentin compared to NaOCl pretreatment (p < 0.05). ATR-FTIR revealed that all agents significantly decreased the amide:phosphate ratio on the smear layer-covered normal and caries-affected dentin (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Smear layer deproteinizing with papain enzyme-based and NaOCl-based gel CRAs was effective in improving the micro-tensile bond strength of self-etch adhesives to caries-affected dentin. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Smear layer deproteinization with Papacarie (a papain enzyme-based gel) or Carisolv (a NaOCl-based gel) can improve the µTBS to normal and caries-affected dentin bonded with 2-step self-etch adhesives.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Dente Molar , Distribuição Aleatória , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
13.
Zootaxa ; 4915(1): zootaxa.4915.1.2, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756582

RESUMO

Due to superficial morphological similarities, there is often confusion in the identification of some species of the genus Septaria. A combined analysis of the genital anatomy, morphometric and DNA, based on a portion of the COI gene, applied to three nominal species of this genus, confirmed the validity of Septaria tahitiana Eichhorst, 2016, and suggested that Septaria borbonica (Bory de Saint Vincent, 1804) is a subspecies of Septaria porcellana (Linnaeus, 1758), both taxa with disjunct distribution areas: Septaria borbonica in the western Indian Ocean and Septaria porcellana the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans. The possible presence of Septaria tesselata (Lamarck, 1816) in Mayotte (Comoros Archipelago) needs to be confirmed.


Assuntos
Gastrópodes , Animais , Gastrópodes/genética , Filogenia , Filogeografia
14.
Dent Mater J ; 40(3): 820-826, 2021 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775985

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine whether discoloration of carious dentin after silver-diammine-fluoride (SDF) application might be used as a mean to detect demineralized-dentin. Fourty specimens were obtained from 20 human permanent teeth. Teeth were sectioned through the center of carious lesions to create 2-halves in which each half was assigned to a treatment group. Specimens were divided into two groups (n=20) (each half was assigned to one group) according to solution, namely Caries Check (CC), or SDF. SDF group was subdivided into 2 groups: light-cured and 2-day storage groups. The specimens were tested using light-microscope, microhardness test and SEM/EDS analysis. Repeated-measures ANOVA was used for statistical analysis. The light-microscope showed superficial discoloration in the CC-group while SDF (2-day storage) group showed deeper discoloration for the lesion area. SDF showed significant increase in the hardness compared with the CC-group. SDF showed potentiality to be used as an assisting-tool for caries detection.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluoretos , Amônia , Dentina , Fluoretos Tópicos , Humanos , Compostos de Prata
15.
Dent Mater J ; 40(3): 674-682, 2021 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518691

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of resin-coating using one-bottle adhesives on the bond strength of resin cements in single-visit and multiple-visit treatments. Three one-bottle adhesives were used for resin-coating and/or pre-treatment adhesives prior to cementation, in conjunction with resin cements from the same manufacturers: Clearfil Universal Bond Quick with Panavia V5 (UBQ/Pv5), Scotchbond Universal Adhesive with RelyX Ultimate (SBU/RxU), and Optibond All-in-one with NX3 Nexus (OP/NX3). Bovine dentin surfaces were left uncoated or resin-coated. After 1-h water storage (single-visit) or 1-week water storage with a non-eugenol temporary cement (multiple-visit), a CAD/CAM resin block was cemented to uncoated or resin-coated dentin surfaces. Microtensile bond strengths (µTBSs) were measured and statistically analyzed (α=0.05). Application of resin-coating improved µTBSs. The multiple-visit group exhibited lower values of µTBS than the single-visit group. Selection of the materials affected µTBSs. Resin-coating and single-visit treatment are desirable for CAD/CAM resin composite restorations.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Animais , Bovinos , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Tração
16.
Opt Lett ; 46(4): 912-915, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577546

RESUMO

We report on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror mode-locked thin-disk oscillator based on Yb:YAB delivering pulses with a duration of 462 fs at an average output power of 19.2 W and a pulse energy of 0.38 µJ.

17.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431177

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The bonding of light-activated adhesives to root canal dentin with an additional touch-polymerization activator has been insufficiently examined. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of touch-polymerization activators and extended light-irradiation time on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of light-activated adhesives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Post cavities were prepared in 50 extracted mandibular premolars and bonded using Prime&Bond Universal (PBU); PBU+Self Cure Activator (SCA); Clearfil SE Bond 2 (SEB); SEB+Clearfil DC Activator (DCA); or Clearfil Universal Bond Quick ER (UBQ). After light-irradiation for 10 or 20 seconds, the post cavities were filled with dual-activated resin core materials. Eight beams were prepared per specimen and subjected to the µTBS test. The µTBS data were analyzed by using 3-way ANOVAs with the Bonferroni correction (α=.05). RESULTS: The 3-way ANOVAs indicated that the use of touch-polymerization activators (SCA and DCA) significantly increased the µTBS of PBU and SEB in both the coronal (P=.015) and apical (P=.001) regions. The extension of light-irradiation time to 20 seconds significantly improved their µTBS in the apical region (P<.001), but not in the coronal region (P=.09). Light-irradiation for 20 seconds increased the µTBS of UBQ significantly in the coronal region (P=.014). CONCLUSIONS: Touch-polymerization activators improved the bond strength of light-activated adhesives to root canal dentin, especially when combined with an extended light-irradiation time.

18.
Dent Mater J ; 40(1): 209-219, 2021 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162457

RESUMO

The effect of various pretreatments on the bonding of a resin cement to resin-composite CAD/CAM blocks (RCBs) was examined. The surface of dispersed-filler RCBs (DF-RCBs) and a polymer infiltrated ceramic network RCB (PICN-RCB) was roughened using hydrofluoric acid etching (HF) or sandblasting, and followed by silanization and/or universal adhesive (UA) application. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS), surface roughness parameters (arithmetical mean height (Sa); developed interfacial area ratio (Sdr)), and critical surface energy (γc) were determined. For most DF-RCBs, the highest µTBS was obtained using HF+UA. UA application to DF-RCBs resulted in similar or higher µTBS compared to silanization, which indicates that silane treatment is not crucial for DF-RCBs, especially after HF. In contrast, the highest µTBS to PICN-RCB was obtained with silanization. Both roughening pretreatments significantly increased the surface roughness parameters and the γc of all RCBs. The γc was positively correlated with Sa (r=0.756, p<0.001) and Sdr (r=0.837, p<0.001).


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cerâmica , Protocolos Clínicos , Resinas Compostas , Ácido Fluorídrico , Subunidade gama Comum de Receptores de Interleucina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
19.
Dent Mater J ; 40(2): 356-363, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116000

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of potassium fluoride (KF) and sodium fluoride (NaF) in different concentrations on micro-shear bond strength (µSBS) and their protective effects against acid. The enamel blocks were treated with several concentrations of KF and NaF. For µSBS, Clearfil SE Bond 2 was applied to the treated surface and resin composite was light-cured, then examined using a universal testing machine. For acid resistance test, the specimens were immersed in acidic solution (pH 4.5), then examined under 3D confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). In µSBS, KF at 1,000, 9,000, and 10,000 ppm did not show differences compared with the control, while other concentrations of KF and NaF led to decreased µSBS. Higher concentrations of NaF and KF showed higher resistance to the acid challenge. So, we concluded that various concentrations of KF and NaF solutions had specific effects on µSBS and acid resistance.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Desmineralização do Dente , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Potássio , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Fluoreto de Sódio
20.
Dent Mater J ; 40(2): 379-384, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33100300

RESUMO

The effect of warm air-blowing on the sealing ability of two one-bottle and one two-bottle silane-containing universal adhesives (UAs) applied to lithium disilicate ceramics (LDS) was evaluated. Tapered cavities prefabricated in LDS blocks (IPS e.max CAD) were treated by the adhesives, air-blown either with normal air (23±1°C) or warm air (60±5°C), and filled with a flowable resin composite. Interfacial gap formation was observed using swept-source optical coherence tomography immediately after filling, after 24 h, 5,000 and 10,000 thermal cycles, and an additional 1-year water storage. Specimens bonded using normal air-blown one-bottle UAs exhibited a significantly higher gap formation than the two-bottle UA (p<0.001), and detached within 24 h. Warm air-blowing significantly decreased the gap formation of one-bottle UAs (p<0.001), but the specimens dislocated within 24 h or during thermocycling. The two-bottle UA withstood all aging procedures and warm air-blowing significantly decreased its 1-year gap formation compared to normal air-blowing (p=0.002).


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Silanos , Cerâmica , Cimentos Dentários , Porcelana Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...