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1.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) have not been adequately studied. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to find a difference in the total number, prevalence, and common locations of CMBs between PD and DLB and evaluate 99 mTc-ECD SPECT subtraction images of these two diseases. METHODS: We examined 112 patients with PD (53 males and 59 females; age: 77.4±3.6 years) and 28 age-matched patients with DLB (15 males and 13 females; age: 77.1±6.7 years) using brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 99 mTc-ECD SPECT subtraction imaging. RESULTS: The total number of CMBs was higher in patients with DLB (41.2%) than in those with PD (11.5%), and the prevalence was significantly higher in the former (0.7±1.1) than the latter (0.2±0.5, p <  0.05). The odds ratio was 5.4 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.7-17.4). Furthermore, CMBs were commonly located in the basal ganglia of patients with PD (6 out of 87 patients) but in the occipital lobe of patients with DLB (8 out of 17 patients). 99 mTc-ECD SPECT subtraction imaging indicated lower cerebral blood flow in the posterior cingulate gyrus among the patients with CMB-positive DLB than among those with CMB-positive PD; additionally, the cerebral blood flow was lower in the bilateral basal ganglia and midbrain among patients with CMB-positive DLB compared to those with CMB-negative DLB. CONCLUSION: A reduction in occipital glucose metabolism may be related to CMBs in the occipital lobe of patients with DLB.

2.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 19(1): 19, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549111

RESUMO

Growing evidence indicates that reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) triggers the cascade of events leading to preeclampsia. Edaravone is a powerful free radical scavenger used for the treatment of ischemia/reperfusion diseases due to its anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammatory properties. Here we investigate the effect of edaravone (3 mg/kg) on different maternal and fetal outcomes of RUPP-induced placental ischemia mice model. RUPP surgery was performed on gestation day (GD) 13 followed by edaravone injection from GD14 to GD18, sacrifice day. The results showed that edaravone injection significantly decreased the maternal blood pressure (113.2 ± 2.3 mmHg) compared with RUPP group (131.5 ± 1.9 mmHg). Edaravone increased fetal survival rate (75.4%) compared with RUPP group (54.4%), increased fetal length, weights, and feto-placental ratio (7.2 and 5.7 for RUPP and RUPP-Edaravone groups, respectively) compared with RUPP group. In addition, RUPP resulted in many fetal morphological abnormalities as well as severe delayed ossification, however edaravone decreased the morphological abnormalities and increased the ossification of the fetal endoskeleton. Edaravone improved the histopathological structure of the maternal kidney and heart as well as decreased the elevated blood urea and creatinine levels (31.5 ± 0.15 mg/dl (RUPP), 25.6 ± 0.1 mg/dl (RUPP+edaravone) for urea and 5.4 ± 0.1 mg/dl (RUPP), 3.5 ± 0.1 mg/dl (RUPP+edaravone) for creatinine) and decreased cleaved caspase-3 expression in the maternal kidney. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that our RUPP mice model recapitulated preeclampsia symptoms and edaravone injection ameliorated most of these abnormalities suggesting its effectiveness and potential application in preeclampsia treatment regimes.

3.
Clin Gerontol ; : 1-15, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491599

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aims to report on the development and psychometric properties of the Portuguese-language Abe's BPSD score (ABS) to screen for neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS). Methods: ISPOR and COSMIN recommendations were followed to translate and culturally adapt the ABS. A validation study was conducted to assess the psychometric properties of the newly-translated instrument. Outpatients attending a psychogeriatric consultation were included by consecutive referrals and were assessed with the ABS, the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) and NPI Caregiver Distress scale (NPI-D), and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). The ABS reliability (internal consistency, item-total correlations, inter-rater and test-retest reliability), validity (concurrent and convergent), feasibility and diagnostic accuracy were examined. Results: Overall, 107 participants were included. The ABS Cronbach alpha was 0.672, and item-total correlations ranged from -0.056 to 0.546. Strong inter-rater (ICC 0.997; 95%CI: 0.995-0.999) and test-retest reliability (ICC 0.976; 95%CI: 0.958-0.986) were found. Concurrent validity with NPI was high (rs = 0.847, p < .001), and correlations with MMSE and NPI-D were also significant. An exploratory threshold score ≥2 is proposed to identify clinically relevant NPS. Conclusions: Data provide satisfactory proof of ABS psychometric characteristics. Nevertheless, some items exhibited less optimal properties. Clinical Implications: The newly-translated instrument proved to be relevant, valid and easy to use in a real geriatric clinical setting.

4.
Eur J Neurol ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate prion protein (PrP) deposits in cutaneous tissues of patients of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchorless prion diseases with neuropathy. METHODS: Cutaneous tissue samples from three patients with GPI-anchorless prion diseases were obtained, two cutaneous biopsy samples from the lower leg of Case 1 (Y162X) and Case 3 (D178fs25), and a cutaneous sample taken from the abdomen during an autopsy of Case 2 (D178fs25). We performed immunohistochemistry for PrP to look for abnormal PrP deposits. RESULTS: PrP deposits were observed in the dermal papilla, the sweat glands, the hair follicles, the arrector pili muscles, and peripheral nerves of all examined cases of GPI-anchorless prion disease with neuropathy. The abnormal PrP accumulation was frequently localized at the basement membrane, and colocalized with laminin. CONCLUSION: Immunohistochemical detection of PrP in cutaneous samples could be used to definitively diagnose GPI-anchorless PrP disease with neuropathy.

5.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(3): 105583, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The relationship between stroke etiology and clot pathology remains controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed histological analysis of clots retrieved from 52 acute ischemic stroke patients using hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry (CD42b and oxidative/hypoxic stress markers). The correlations between clot composition and the stroke etiological group (i.e., cardioembolic, cryptogenic, or large artery atherosclerosis) were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 52 clots analyzed, there were no significant differences in histopathologic composition (e.g., white blood cells, red blood cells, fibrin, and platelets) between the 3 etiological groups (P = .92). By contrast, all large artery atherosclerosis clots showed a localized pattern with the oxidative stress marker 4-hydroxyl-2-nonenal (P < .01). From all 52 clots, 4-hydroxyl-2-nonenal expression patterns were localized in 28.8% of clots, diffuse in 57.7% of clots, and no signal in 13.5% of clots. CONCLUSIONS: A localized pattern of 4-hydroxyl-2-nonenal staining may be a novel and effective marker for large artery atherosclerosis (sensitivity 100%, specificity 82%).

6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(2): 105494, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous trial acute dual study (ADS) reported that dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) using cilostazol and aspirin did not reduce the rate of short-term neurological worsening in non-cardioembolic stroke patients. Present post-hoc analysis investigated whether the impact of combined cilostazol and aspirin differed among stroke subtypes and factors associated with neurological deterioration and/or stroke recurrence. METHODS: Using the ADS registry, the rate of neurological deterioration, defined as clinical worsening and/or recurrent stroke, including transient ischemic attack was calculated. Stroke subtypes included large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA), small vessel occlusion (SVO), other determined etiology (Others), and undetermined etiology of stroke (Undetermined). RESULTS: Data of 1022 patients were analyzed. Deterioration was seen in 104 (10%) patients, and the rates were not markedly different between patients treated with DAPT vs. aspirin in any stroke subtypes: LAA, 19% vs. 11%, (p=0.192); SVO, 10% vs. 10% (p=1.000); Others, 6% vs. 6% (p=1.000); Undetermined, 11% vs. 8% (p=0.590). Diabetes mellitus was the independent factor associated with deterioration (odds ratio 4.360, 95% confidence interval 1.139-16.691, p=0.032) in the LAA group. Age (1.030 [1.004-1.057], p=0.026), systolic blood pressure (1.012 [1.003-1.022], p=0.010), and infarct size (2.550 [1.488-4.371], p=0.001) were associated with deterioration in SVO group, and intracranial stenosis/occlusion was associated with it in the Undetermined group (3.744 [1.138-12.318], p=0.030). CONCLUSIONS: Combined cilostazol and aspirin did not reduce the rate of short-term neurological deterioration in any clinical stroke subtype. The characteristics of patients whose condition deteriorates in the acute period may differ based on the stroke subtypes.

7.
Neurol Res ; : 1-5, 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377424

RESUMO

Objective: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal motor neuron disease. Hypoxic stress is suspected as the pathogenesis of ALS, however, no positron emission tomography (PET) study for hypoxic stress has been conducted in the spinal cord of ALS patients. Methods: In the present study, we examined cervical spinal hypoxic stress of nineALS patients with upper extremity (U/E) atrophy by18F-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) PET. Results: On the ipsilateral side of C1 and C5 levels, 18F-FMISO uptake increased significantly compared with the contralateral side (*p < 0.05) and the control subject (**p < 0.01). In addition, a strong correlation was found between 18F-FMISO uptake of the C5 level and the rate of progression of the ALS FRS-R score (R = 0.781, *p = 0.013). Conclusion: These results indicate that hypoxic stress increased in the spinal cord of ALS patients with a close link to ALS progression. Both hypoxic stress and a compromised response to hypoxia, which may lead to subsequent motor neuron death, could be a potential therapeutic target for ALS.

8.
eNeurologicalSci ; 21: 100284, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33195829

RESUMO

[Background] Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant muscle disease characterized by asymmetric involvement of muscles in the face, upper extremity, trunk, and lower extremity regions, with variable severity. It was recently reported that restrictive respiratory involvement is more frequent and severe than previously recognized, while cardiac dysfunction other than arrhythmia is still considered extremely rare in FSHD. [Case report] A 59-year-old man presenting with marked muscle atrophy in the trunk and asymmetrical muscle atrophy in the legs was hospitalized because of dyspnea and edema in the face and limbs. Shortness of breath with body movement started from approximately 40 years of age. Muscle biopsy revealed myopathic change with mild to moderate variation in fiber size. The diagnosis of FSHD was made by D4Z4 contraction to three repeats on genetic testing. A pulmonary function test revealed a decline of forced vital capacity (FVC) and a preserved FEV1/FVC indicating restrictive ventilatory defect (RVD). Ultrasonic echocardiogram (UCG) showed diffuse left ventricular hypokinesis, ventricular septum thickening, pericardial effusion, and decreased ejection fraction (LVEF 30%). [Conclusion] Although restrictive ventilatory defect and congestive heart failure are uncommon in FSHD, respiratory and cardiac evaluation may be necessary in patients with FSHD.

9.
Brain ; 143(11): 3352-3373, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141179

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder with a multifactorial aetiology. Nevertheless, the genetic predisposition in many families with multi-incidence disease remains unknown. This study aimed to identify novel genes that cause familial Parkinson's disease. Whole exome sequencing was performed in three affected members of the index family with a late-onset autosomal-dominant parkinsonism and polyneuropathy. We identified a novel heterozygous substitution c.941A>C (p.Tyr314Ser) in the mitochondrial ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase core protein 1 (UQCRC1) gene, which co-segregates with disease within the family. Additional analysis of 699 unrelated Parkinson's disease probands with autosomal-dominant Parkinson's disease and 1934 patients with sporadic Parkinson's disease revealed another two variants in UQCRC1 in the probands with familial Parkinson's disease, c.931A>C (p.Ile311Leu) and an allele with concomitant splicing mutation (c.70-1G>A) and a frameshift insertion (c.73_74insG, p.Ala25Glyfs*27). All substitutions were absent in 1077 controls and the Taiwan Biobank exome database from healthy participants (n = 1517 exomes). We then assayed the pathogenicity of the identified rare variants using CRISPR/Cas9-based knock-in human dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cell lines, Drosophila and mouse models. Mutant UQCRC1 expression leads to neurite degeneration and mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction in SH-SY5Y cells. UQCRC1 p.Tyr314Ser knock-in Drosophila and mouse models exhibit age-dependent locomotor defects, dopaminergic neuronal loss, peripheral neuropathy, impaired respiratory chain complex III activity and aberrant mitochondrial ultrastructures in nigral neurons. Furthermore, intraperitoneal injection of levodopa could significantly improve the motor dysfunction in UQCRC1 p.Tyr314Ser mutant knock-in mice. Taken together, our in vitro and in vivo studies support the functional pathogenicity of rare UQCRC1 variants in familial parkinsonism. Our findings expand an additional link of mitochondrial complex III dysfunction in Parkinson's disease.

10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17102, 2020 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051552

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor neuron loss. Muse cells are endogenous reparative pluripotent-like stem cells distributed in various tissues. They can selectively home to damaged sites after intravenous injection by sensing sphingosine-1-phosphate produced by damaged cells, then exert pleiotropic effects, including tissue protection and spontaneous differentiation into tissue-constituent cells. In G93A-transgenic ALS mice, intravenous injection of 5.0 × 104 cells revealed successful homing of human-Muse cells to the lumbar spinal cords, mainly at the pia-mater and underneath white matter, and exhibited glia-like morphology and GFAP expression. In contrast, such homing or differentiation were not recognized in human mesenchymal stem cells but were instead distributed mainly in the lung. Relative to the vehicle groups, the Muse group significantly improved scores in the rotarod, hanging-wire and muscle strength of lower limbs, recovered the number of motor neurons, and alleviated denervation and myofiber atrophy in lower limb muscles. These results suggest that Muse cells homed in a lesion site-dependent manner and protected the spinal cord against motor neuron death. Muse cells might also be a promising cell source for the treatment of ALS patients.

11.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab ; : 271678X20968927, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106078

RESUMO

White matter lesions (WMLs) caused by cerebral chronic hypoperfusion (CCH) may contribute to the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the underlying mechanisms and therapeutic approaches have yet to be totally identified. In the present study, we investigated a potential therapeutic effect of the free radical scavenger edaravone (EDA) on WMLs in our previously reported novel mouse model of AD (APP23) plus CCH with motor and cognitive deficits. Relative to AD with CCH mice at 12 months (M) of age, EDA strongly improved CCH-induced WMLs in the corpus callosum of APP23 mice at 12 M by improving the disruption of white matter integrity, enhancing the proliferation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, attenuating endothelium/astrocyte unit dysfunction, and reducing neuroinflammation and oxidative stress. The present study demonstrates that the long-term administration of EDA may provide a promising therapeutic approach for WMLs in AD plus CCH disease with cognitive deficits.

12.
Intern Med ; 59(22): 2927-2930, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999229

RESUMO

Tocilizumab (TCZ; Actemra/RoActemra) is an anti-interleukin (IL)-6 receptor antibody for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and other autoimmune diseases and cytokine storms. The present case is a 63-year-old female well-controlled RA patient, who presented with a progressive cognitive impairment after 34 months of TCZ administration. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed leukencephalopathy with a lactic acid peak in magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), a decreased blood flow in single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and a decreased accumulation in fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). The discontinuation of TCZ improved her cognitive function and brain MRI findings at 3 months after drug cessation. The present case suggests that TCZ may sometimes cause leukoencephalopathy after long-term administration, and thus the early discontinuation of TCZ is recommended to achieve a good prognosis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Leucoencefalopatias/induzido quimicamente , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Leucoencefalopatias/diagnóstico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos
13.
Neurobiol Aging ; 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888732

RESUMO

Two recent genetic studies reported that loss-of-function mutation of the C-terminal cargo-binding tail domain of the KIF5A gene cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency of KIF5A variants in Japanese patients with sporadic ALS. In total, 807 sporadic ALS patients and 191 normal controls from a multicenter ALS cohort in Japan were included. Whole exome sequencing on an Illumina HiSeq 2000/2500 sequencer was used to identify and select variants within the KIF5A gene. Thirteen patients harbored a nonsynonymous variant in the KIF5A gene; These were considered variants of uncertain significance. One patient harbored a novel splice-site variant (c.2993-3C>A) in the C-terminal cargo-binding tail domain of the KIF5A gene. Functional analysis of this variant revealed that it caused skipping of exon 27. The frequency of KIF5A mutations in Japanese patients with sporadic ALS was 0.12% (1/807). This study reports a novel loss-of-function variant in KIF5A, and indicates that loss-of-function variant in KIF5A is a rare cause of sporadic ALS in Japanese patients.

15.
Commun Biol ; 3(1): 526, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968195

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating progressive motor neuron disease that affects people of all ethnicities. Approximately 90% of ALS cases are sporadic and thought to have multifactorial pathogenesis. To understand the genetics of sporadic ALS, we conducted a genome-wide association study using 1,173 sporadic ALS cases and 8,925 controls in a Japanese population. A combined meta-analysis of our Japanese cohort with individuals of European ancestry revealed a significant association at the ACSL5 locus (top SNP p = 2.97 × 10-8). We validated the association with ACSL5 in a replication study with a Chinese population and an independent Japanese population (1941 ALS cases, 3821 controls; top SNP p = 1.82 × 10-4). In the combined meta-analysis, the intronic ACSL5 SNP rs3736947 showed the strongest association (p = 7.81 × 10-11). Using a gene-based analysis of the full multi-ethnic dataset, we uncovered additional genes significantly associated with ALS: ERGIC1, RAPGEF5, FNBP1, and ATXN3. These results advance our understanding of the genetic basis of sporadic ALS.

16.
Intern Med ; 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921691

RESUMO

Combined central and peripheral demyelination (CCPD) causes demyelination in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Anti-neurofascin 155 antibody plays an important pathogenic role in CCPD, but evidence concerning an association between this antibody and CCPD remains inconclusive. Although there have been no reports of precedent optic neuritis developing into CCPD, we herein report a Japanese man in whom optic neuritis recurred four times over nine years and who developed CCPD without positive anti-neurofascin 155 antibody. This case suggests the possibility of developing CCPD after optic nerve neuritis and the existence of an unknown antibody that induces CCPD.

17.
Auris Nasus Larynx ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928603

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The correlation between enhancement of the vestibulocochlear nerves on gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and vestibulocochlear functional deficits was examined in patients with Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS). METHODS: Nineteen patients with RHS who showed herpes zoster oticus, peripheral facial palsy, and vertigo were enrolled. Canal paresis (CP) in the caloric test, abnormal response to ocular and cervical vestibular myogenic potentials (oVEMP and cVEMP), and refractory sensorineural hearing loss were evaluated. MRI images perpendicular to the internal auditory canal were reconstructed to identify the superior (SVN) and inferior vestibular nerves (IVN) and the cochlear nerve (CV). The signal intensity increase (SIinc) of the four-nerve enhancement was calculated as an index. RESULTS: Among RHS patients, 79%, 53%, 17% and 26% showed CP in the caloric test, abnormal responses to oVEMP and cVEMP, and refractory sensorineural hearing loss, respectively. SIinc rates of the SVN were significantly increased in RHS patients with CP in the caloric test, and with abnormal responses to oVEMP and cVEMP. SIinc rates of the SVN tended to increase in RHS patients with refractory sensorineural hearing loss (p = 0.052). SIinc rates of the IVN were significantly increased in RHS patients with abnormal responses to oVEMP and cVEMP, and refractory sensorineural hearing loss, but not in those with CP in the caloric test. SIinc rates of the CN were significantly increased in RHS patients with CP in the caloric test, abnormal response to oVEMP and refractory sensorineural hearing loss, but not in those with abnormal response to cVEMP. CONCLUSION: In patients with RHS, the origin of vertigo may be superior vestibular neuritis, which is affected by reactive varicella-zoster virus from the geniculate ganglion of the facial nerve through the faciovestibular anastomosis. The results also suggested that in some RHS patients, inferior vestibular neuritis contributes to the development of vertigo and that the origin of refractory sensorineural hearing loss is cochlear neuritis.

18.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 60(10): 643-652, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814728

RESUMO

Disaster countermeasures have been implemented by the Japanese Society of Neurology based on the experience of support to the areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011. The countermeasures activity began at the end of 2011. We, the Committee for Measures Against Disaster, officially started work in 2014. We developed a support network to urgently deal with patients with intractable neurological disease at the time of disaster and strengthen disaster measures, including effective disaster countermeasure training. During the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, we realized the need to prepare for natural disasters, leading to a state of emergency, at normal times. A list of vulnerable people should be prepared and the individual support plan for disaster should be confirmed during normal times. Furthermore, during disaster, livelihood support is required for patients with intractable neurological disease living in evacuation centers in affected areas. Therefore, we compiled and published the book, titled "The manual of disaster countermeasures," in 2017. The Committee for Measures Against Disaster in the Japanese Society of Neurology has appointed a liaison officer for patients with intractable neurological disease in each prefecture. The liaison's role of is gathering and disseminating information on the disaster-hit areas, arranging medical support, and coordinating health activities, when natural disasters occur. It is hoped that the liaison officer will play an active role both at normal times and during disaster, even unforeseen ones. Although we hope for the best, we aim to be prepared for the worst.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Planejamento em Desastres/métodos , Terremotos , Pessoal de Saúde , Manuais como Assunto , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Neurologia/organização & administração , Papel Profissional , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Humanos , Japão
20.
BMC Pulm Med ; 20(1): 156, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Statin-associated necrotizing myopathy (SANM) is a rare autoimmune disorder caused by administration of statins. SANM is characterized by weakness due to necrosis and regeneration of myofibers. Here we report the first case of SANM with acute respiratory failure treated with noninvasive pressure support ventilation in addition to immunosuppressants. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old woman who had been treated with 2.5 mg/day of rosuvastatin calcium for 5 years stopped taking the drug 4 months before admission to our hospital due to elevation of creatine kinase (CK). Withdrawal of rosuvastatin for 1 month did not decrease the level of CK, and she was admitted to our hospital due to the development of muscle weakness of her neck and bilateral upper extremities. Anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase antibodies were positive. Magnetic resonance imaging showed myositis, and muscle biopsy from the right biceps brachii muscle showed muscle fiber necrosis and regeneration without inflammatory cell infiltration, suggesting SANM. After the diagnosis, she received methylprednisolone pulse therapy (mPSL, 1 g/day × 3 days, twice) and subsequent oral prednisolone therapy (PSL, 30 mg/day for 1 month, 25 mg/day for 1 month and 22.5 mg/day for 1 month), leading to improvement of her muscle weakness. One month after the PSL tapering to 20 mg/day, her muscle weakness deteriorated with oxygen desaturation (SpO2: 93% at room air) due to hypoventilation caused by weakness of respiratory muscles. BIPAP was used for the management of acute respiratory failure in combination with IVIG (20 g/day × 5 days) followed by mPSL pulse therapy (1 g/day × 3 days), oral PSL (30 mg/day × 3 weeks, then tapered to 25 mg/day) and tacrolimus (3 mg/day). Twenty-seven days after the start of BIPAP, she was weaned from BIPAP with improvement of muscle weakness, hypoxemia and hypercapnia. After she achieved remission with improvement of muscle weakness and reduction of serum CK level to a normal level, the dose of oral prednisolone was gradually tapered to 12.5 mg/day without relapse for 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: Our report provides new insights into the role of immunosuppressants and biphasic positive airway pressure for induction of remission in patients with SANM.

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