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1.
J Urol ; 203(2): 304-310, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487219

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prostate specific antigen screening for prostate cancer has recently been challenged due to poor sensitivity. In addition to prostate cancer, a number of conditions elevate prostate specific antigen, of which benign prostatic hyperplasia is most common. The objective of this study was to assess the positive predictive value of prostate specific antigen and prostate specific antigen density for prostate cancer risk following holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried an institutional review board approved database of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate performed at Indiana University from 1999 to 2018 to identify 1,147 patients with prostate specific antigen data available after holmium laser enucleation. A total of 55 biopsies after enucleation were recorded. Demographics, prostate specific antigen, prostate volume and oncologic details were analyzed. The primary outcome was biopsy proven prostate cancer. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients underwent transrectal ultrasound prostate biopsy for cause after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. Cancer was identified in more than 90% of biopsied cases. Men with prostate specific antigen above 1 ng/ml at biopsy had a 94% probability of cancer detection and an 80% risk of clinically significant disease. Prostate specific antigen density above 0.1 ng/ml2 was associated with a 95% risk of cancer and an 88% risk of clinically significant cancer. Prostate specific antigen greater than 5.8 ng/ml or prostate specific antigen density greater than 0.17 ng/ml2 was universally associated with biopsy proven cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Prostate specific antigen and prostate specific antigen density have high positive predictive value for prostate cancer risk after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. Thresholds for biopsy should be lower than in patients who do not undergo holmium laser enucleation. Those who undergo that procedure and have prostate specific antigen above 1 ng/ml or prostate specific antigen density above 0.1 ng/ml2 are at higher risk for harboring clinically significant disease and should undergo biopsy. Referring physicians should be aware of these significant risk shifts.


Assuntos
Calicreínas/sangue , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Próstata/patologia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Monitorização Fisiológica , Tamanho do Órgão , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
J Endourol ; 34(2): 163-168, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822128

RESUMO

Introduction: We sought to update our experience of oncologic and functional outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for prostate cancer in patients with history of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). Patients and Methods: Twenty-seven patients with previous HoLEP who underwent RARP were matched 1:1 with RARP patients with no history of transurethral surgery. Demographic, operative, oncologic, continence, and erectile function outcomes were analyzed. Results: Median time between HoLEP and RARP was 31 months with a mean prostate-specific antigen doubling time of 4.28 ng/mL/year. Operative times were significantly longer with higher bladder neck reconstruction rates and similarly low complication rates. Biochemical recurrence was relatively low (7%) in the HoLEP group, identical to the comparative group. Continence at last follow-up was not statistically significant between groups, although time to continence favored the non-HoLEP cohort. Erectile function recovery was generally poor in the post-HoLEP cohort (11%), although bilateral nerve sparing was rarely performed (11%). Compared with our initial experience, there were significant improvements in time to continence (16 vs 36 weeks). No T2 post-HoLEP RARP since 2010 has had a positive surgical margin. Conclusions: Post-HoLEP prostatectomy remains feasible with similar perioperative and oncologic outcomes compared with matched cohorts. Functional recovery remains slowed yet may continue to improve with technical familiarity.

3.
Urology ; 134: 62-65, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for complex nephrolithiasis in patients 80 years of age and older compared to younger individuals. METHODS: From an institutional IRB-approved database, 1,647 patients were identified who underwent PCNL from 1999 to 2019. Patients were stratified by age: group 1 (20-59), group 2 (60-79), and group 3 (>80). Statistics were performed using chi-square and ANOVA to compare outcomes. RESULTS: Of the 1,647 patients, median age was 46, 66, and 83, respectively (P <0.0001). Three patients within group 3 were 90 or older. Females made up 54%, 46%, 56% of patients (P = 0.02). Average stone size with SD was 2.6 ± 2.2, 2.5 ± 2.3, 2.2± 1.9 cm for each group (P = 0.06). Mean preoperative hemoglobin (Hgb) was significantly lower in the 80+ group (13.8, 13.4, 13.1 g/dL, P <.0001). Change in Hgb was not significantly different. There were more Clavien II-IV complications (10.4, 14.4, 28.8%; P = 0.02) and transfusions (2.3, 4.7, 10.2%; P <0.001) in the elderly. The most common complications in the 80+ group were bleeding related (10.1%). No difference in readmission rates or ICU admissions was noted. CONCLUSION: PCNL is feasible in the extremely elderly; however with a higher rate of complications and longer hospitalizations. No long-term sequelae or deaths in the 80 and older cohort were seen. This study allows us to appropriately counsel older patients on a realistic postoperative course and supports use of PCNL as the best means of long-term survival.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Cálculos Renais/sangue , Cálculos Renais/epidemiologia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/sangue , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/mortalidade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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