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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242086, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278530

RESUMO

Abstract The work aims were to describe the histological and histochemical structure of the gastroesophageal tube of Iguana iguana and verify the occurrence and distribution of immunoreactive serotonin (5-HT) and somatostatin (SS) cells. Fragments of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of five iguanas were which underwent standard histological and immunohistochemistry technique. Immunoreactive cells for 5-HT and SS were quantified using the STEPanizer. The oesophagus has ciliated columnar pseudostratified epithelium with staining Alcian blue (AB) + and goblet cells highly reactive to periodic acid Schiff (PAS). In the cervical oesophagus, the numerical density of 5-HT cells per unit area (QA [5-HT cells]/µm2) was 4.6x10-2 ± 2.0 and celomatic oesophagus presented QA = 4.0x10-2 ± 1.0. The epithelium of the stomach is simple columnar, PAS and AB +. The cranial and middle regions of the stomach presented (QA [5-HT cells]/µm2) = 6.18x10-2 ± 3.2 and the caudal region, QA = 0.6x10-2 ± 0.2. The SS cells were only observed in the caudal stomach, with numerical density (QA [SS cells]/µm2) = 1.4x10-2 ± 0.9 In I. iguana, variation was observed in terms of the distribution of mucus secretions and the pattern of occurrence of serotonin and somatostatin-secreting enteroendocrine cells in the TGI, which possibly will result in an interspecific adaptive response.


Resumo Os objetivos do trabalho foram descrever a estrutura histológica e histoquímica do tubo gastroesofágico da Iguana iguana e verificar a ocorrência e distribuição de células serotonina (5-HT) e somatostatina (SS) imunorreativas. Fragmentos do trato gastrointestinal (TGI) de cinco iguanas foram submetidos à técnica histológica e imunohistoquímica padrão. As células imunorreativas para 5-HT e SS foram quantificadas usando o STEPanizer. O esôfago apresenta epitélio pseudoestratificado colunar ciliado Alcian blue (AB) positivo, com células caliciformes altamente reativas ao ácido periódico de Schiff (PAS). No esôfago cervical, a densidade numérica de células 5-HT por unidade de área (QA [células 5-HT] / µm2) foi de 4.6x10-2 ± 2.0 e o esôfago celomático apresentou QA = 4.0x10-2 ± 1.0. O epitélio do estômago é colunar simples, PAS e AB positivo. As regiões cranial e média do estômago apresentaram (QA [células 5-HT] / µm2) = 6.18x10-2 ± 3.2 e a região caudal, QA = 0.6x10-2 ± 0.2. As células SS foram observadas apenas no estômago caudal, com densidade numérica (QA [células SS] / µm2) = 1.4x10-2 ± 0.9. Em I. iguana, foi observada variações em termos da distribuição das secreções de muco e padrão de ocorrência das células enteroendócrinas secretoras de serotonina e somatostatina no TGI, o que possivelmente reflete uma resposta adaptativa interespecifica.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e242086, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161453

RESUMO

The work aims were to describe the histological and histochemical structure of the gastroesophageal tube of Iguana iguana and verify the occurrence and distribution of immunoreactive serotonin (5-HT) and somatostatin (SS) cells. Fragments of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of five iguanas were which underwent standard histological and immunohistochemistry technique. Immunoreactive cells for 5-HT and SS were quantified using the STEPanizer. The oesophagus has ciliated columnar pseudostratified epithelium with staining Alcian blue (AB) + and goblet cells highly reactive to periodic acid Schiff (PAS). In the cervical oesophagus, the numerical density of 5-HT cells per unit area (QA [5-HT cells]/µm2) was 4.6x10-2 ± 2.0 and celomatic oesophagus presented QA = 4.0x10-2 ± 1.0. The epithelium of the stomach is simple columnar, PAS and AB +. The cranial and middle regions of the stomach presented (QA [5-HT cells]/µm2) = 6.18x10-2 ± 3.2 and the caudal region, QA = 0.6x10-2 ± 0.2. The SS cells were only observed in the caudal stomach, with numerical density (QA [SS cells]/µm2) = 1.4x10-2 ± 0.9 In I. iguana, variation was observed in terms of the distribution of mucus secretions and the pattern of occurrence of serotonin and somatostatin-secreting enteroendocrine cells in the TGI, which possibly will result in an interspecific adaptive response.


Assuntos
Iguanas , Serotonina , Animais , Trato Gastrointestinal , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estômago
3.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 80(2): 331-335, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerdocyon thous is the canid with the greatest geographical coverage in South America. The aim of this study was to describe the origin, skeletopy, length and main branches of the coeliac artery in C. thous. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dissections were performed on 14 cadavers of adult specimens, 6 males and 8 females, with a rostrosacral length average of 67.00 ± 4.7 cm and 62.09 ± 5.7 cm, respectively. The specimens were collected dead on highways on the banks of the Atlantic Forest (Rio de Janeiro) and the Pampa biome (Rio Grande do Sul) in Brazil. The cadavers were fixed and preserved in a formaldehyde solution until dissection. The coeliac artery was dissected, the length was measured "in situ" and its main branches were recorded. The coeliac artery emerged as a single artery in all dissected animals. RESULTS: The average length of the coeliac artery was 1.43 ± 0.17 cm in males and 1.39 mm ± 0.24 cm in females, with no significant difference in this measurement between sexes. The predominant skeletopy was at the level of the second lumbar vertebra (57.1%), positioned on average 1.43 cm cranially to the cranial mesenteric artery. In most individuals (92.9%), the classic trifurcation was formed: the coeliac artery branched into the hepatic, left gastric, and lienal arteries. Only 1 male animal presented a bifurcation formed between the hepatic artery and a gastrolienal trunk. CONCLUSIONS: These anatomical characteristics are similar to those of other species of the Canidae family, possibly due to their phylogenetic proximity.

4.
Tissue Cell ; 65: 101350, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746994

RESUMO

This study aims to provide a histological description of different regions of the gastric and duodenal mucosa in Rhesus monkey, as well as to analyze the distribution and the relative frequency of 5-HT. The cardia region mucosa consists of simple columnar epithelium PAS + and AB + and the 5-HT cells were observed at the base of the gland (QA [5-HT cells]/mm²) = 8.72 ±â€¯4.98). The body region, has a smaller number of glands. The 5-HT cells were found predominant in the base of the gastric glands. QA= 6.96 ±â€¯3.81. When compared to body region, the stomach fundus has smaller gastric pits. The 5-HT cells are found at the base of the glands near the main cells. QA = 5.29 ±â€¯2.09. The pylorus region was found to have deep pits and well-developed gastric glands. The 5-HT cells are scarce, at the base of the pyloric gland. QA = 1.18 ±â€¯1.36. The duodenum presented goblet cells strong PAS + and AB +. 5-HT cells were found both in the lining epithelium and in the intestinal glands. QA = 8.16 ±â€¯2.59.


Assuntos
Duodeno/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Estômago/fisiologia , Animais , Contagem de Células , Duodeno/citologia , Macaca mulatta , Masculino , Estômago/citologia
5.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 79(4): 805-810, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Didelphis aurita is a marsupial with wide distribution in the South American continent and highly adapted to urban centres. The objective of this study was to describe the measurements and skeletopy of the kidneys and renal vascularisation of this species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With this aim, 29 cadavers (14 males and 15 females) of D. aurita collected on highways were analysed. The rostrum-sacral length of specimens, kidney measurements (length, width and thickness) and the length of the renal vessels were measured and the renal skeletopy registered. RESULTS: In the right kidney, average length, width, thickness and ellipsoid volume were 28.6 ± 5.0 mm, 15.6 ± 2.9 mm, 12.8 ± 3.0 mm and 3.3 ± 2.4 cm3, respectively; in the left kidney, 31.0 ± 3.8 mm, 14.5 ± 3.6 mm, 12.6 ± 2.6 mm and 3.2 ± 2.2 cm3, respectively. There was no significant difference in the comparison of averages of renal dimensions between sexes and between antimeres. The right renal artery (13.2 ± 2.6 mm) was significantly longer (p < 0.01) than the left renal artery (10.7 ± 2.3 mm). In contrast, the left renal vein (13.9 ± 3.5 mm) was longer (p < 0.01) than the right renal vein (7.0 ± 2.3 mm). The skeletopy of the right kidney predominated between T13-L1 in 58.6% of the cases and the skeletopy of the left kidney between L1-L3 in 41.4%. The average length of the kidneys corresponded to 6% to 8% of the rostrum-sacral length of the specimens. CONCLUSIONS: The data of the present study characterised the measurements and topography of kidneys and renal vessels in D. aurita and can support the interpretation of clinical, experimental and pathological findings in this species.

6.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 78(4): 847-852, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30835343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considered the most common congenital testicular abnormality of companion animals and a predisposition factor to the development of testicular neoplasia, cryptorchidism is defined as the non-descent of one or both testes to their normal anatomical location. Data on the occurrence of cryptorchidism in Brazil are scarce. The purpose of this work was to verify the occurrence of cryptorchidism in dogs of different sizes and breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cryptorchidism identification was carried out by ultrasound scanning, from November, 1994 to March, 2007, at the Centre for Veterinarian Diagnosis and Support (Centro de Apoio e Diagnóstico Veterinário - CAD), in Rio de Janeiro. 4924 male dogs of different breeds were examined, revealing 403 (8.2%) cryptorchidism. RESULTS: In this study, occurrence took place more often on the right testicle (59.5%), more frequently displaying inguinal localisation (59.5%) and unilateral occurrence (70%). Regarding bilateral presentation, the symmetrical form was the most common (86.8%). Cryptorchidism was more common in the inguinal region of dog of small sized breeds and in the abdominal region in dogs of medium- and large-sized breeds. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound scan proved a valuable diagnosis tool for cryptorchid testes, giving precise localisation and parenchymal changes thus leading to a safe clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Tamanho Corporal , Cruzamento , Criptorquidismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Criptorquidismo/veterinária , Testículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Testículo/patologia , Animais , Cães , Masculino , Ultrassonografia
7.
Folia Morphol (Warsz) ; 78(2): 433-436, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30178459

RESUMO

Variations of the renal veins are well described in the literature, although variations concerning the ureter are considered a rare finding in cats. The circumcaval ureter is one of the rarest variations of the ureter and is characterised by a loop of the ureter posterior to the caudal vena cava. This variant is also known as preureteral vena cava and retrocaval ureter. It is thought to be caused by a deviation during embryonic development of the aforementioned vein. Due to its rarity, there are scarce reports of the circumcaval ureter in cats, and its association with two renal veins makes it less common as well. These variations should be preoperatively identified in order to avoid complications in kidney transplants, ureteral surgeries and cystoscopies, for instance. The present work aims to report two cases of a circumcaval ureter with two renal veins in two different Brazilian shorthair cats (Felis catus).


Assuntos
Veias Renais/anormalidades , Ureter/anormalidades , Animais , Gatos , Masculino
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(4): 1293-1298, Dec. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-772311

RESUMO

Rabbits have been used as urologic models in many studies. The aim of this study was to characterize the renal morphology and anatomical variations of the renal pedicle in rabbit. The research ethics committee of Rio de Janeiro Federal Rural University approved this study. The animals were obtained from the university's necropsy unit. Dissections were performed in 50 adult rabbits, male and females, without macroscopic renal pathology. Kidney measurements were made with a digital caliper: length, width, and thickness. The length and origin of the renal arteries and main branches and length of the renal veins were also determined. The terminology of Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria was followed. The mean and standard deviation of the length of the right kidney was 3.150±0.2588 cm in males and 3.127±0.3769 cm in females and in the left kidney was 3.083±0.0818 cm in males and 3.162±0.0848 cm in females. The width of the right kidney was 1.933±0.0848 cm in males and 1.996±0.0680 cm in females and in the left kidney was 1.850±0.0659 cm in males and 2.004±0.0940 cm in females. There was no significant difference in the measurements between the two sexes and antimeres and in the measures of renal vessels in relation to sex, but the left artery and renal vein were always larger than the right in both sexes. The results of the present study are expected to contribute to the body of knowledge in the field of comparative and applied anatomy.


Los conejos se han utilizado como modelos urológicos en muchas investigaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar la morfología renal y variaciones anatómicas del pedículo renal en el conejo. El comité de ética de la investigación de Río de Janeiro Universidad Federal Rural aprobó este estudio. Los animales se obtuvieron de unidad de necropsia de la universidad. Las disecciones se realizaron en 50 conejos adultos, machos y hembras, sin patología renal macroscópica. Se realizaron con un calibrador digital las siguientes mediciones en el riñón : longitud, ancho y grosor. También se determinaron la longitud y el origen de las arterias renales y ramas principales y longitud de las venas renales. Se siguió la terminología de Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria. La Media y DE de la longitud del riñón derecho fue 3,150±0,2588 cm en machos y 3,127±0,3769 cm en hembras y en el riñón izquierdo fue 3,083±0,0818 cm en machos y 3,162±0,0848 cm en hembras. El ancho del riñón derecho fue 1,933±0,0848 cm en machos y 1,996±0,0680 cm en las hembras y en el riñón izquierdo fue 1,850±0,0659 cm en machos y 2,004±0,0940 cm en hembras. No hubo diferencias significativas en las mediciones entre los dos sexos y los antímeros, así como en las medidas de los vasos renales en relación con el sexo; pero la arteria y vena renal izquierda fueron siempre mayores que las del lado derecho en ambos sexos. Se espera con los resultados del presente estudio contribuir al conocimientos en el campo de la anatomía comparada y aplicada.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Variação Anatômica , Vasos Sanguíneos/anatomia & histologia , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Coelhos/anatomia & histologia
9.
Braz. j. morphol. sci ; 30(3): 206-208, 2013. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-699348

RESUMO

Diseases related to the urogenital system in both males and females, are common in clinical routine of smallanimal and represents important causes of morbidity and mortality in dogs and cats. Pyocolpos is a cysticdilatation of the vagina due to the accumulation of pus resulting from the genital tract obstruction. The maincause of obstruction is imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal membrane, or vaginal atresia.We present a caseof a three-year-old female Pinscher with a history of constipation for four days, even after administration oflaxatives and enema, and estrus for ten days without a report of cover. Physical examinations were performed,which revealed increased abdominal size. Ultrasound confirmed the presence of large amounts of vaginal fluid.Exploratory laparotomy was performed, which confirmed the diagnosis of pyocolpos. Although pyocolposis a rare congenital malformation in female domestic animals, this report of its existence underscores theimportance of more accurate clinical research when increased abdominal size is noted by veterinarians.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Abdome , Anormalidades Congênitas/diagnóstico , Doenças Vaginais/microbiologia , Anormalidades Urogenitais , Vagina/anormalidades , Laparotomia , Ultrassonografia
10.
Braz. j. morphol. sci ; 29(4): 253-255, oct.-dec. 2012. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-665186

RESUMO

Hepatic, lienal and left gastric arteries are the "classical branches" of the celiac artery in dogs. This report describes a rare case in which the celiac artery emitted a branch to the caudal lobe of the right lung in an adult male mongred dog. The celiac artery and its proximal branches were dissected in situ, and measured with a digital pachymeter.This vascular variation was not previously known in the canine species. The knowledge about the presence of the celiac artery variations in dogs will contribute to a better understanding of the anatomical alterations that can occur in the vascularization of the abdominal region in dogs. The report is also important for angiographic, surgical and clinical procedures that involve this region.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Adulto , Cães , Artéria Celíaca/anatomia & histologia , Pulmão/anatomia & histologia , Malformações Vasculares , Cadáver , Dissecação
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 25(4): 855-859, Dec. 2007. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-626948

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of the ossified superior transverse scapular ligament (STSL) on dry bones of scapulae. 221 dry bones were analyzed, (111 rights and 110 lefts), proceeding from Rio de Janeiro and of Santa Catarina, Brazil. As exclusion criterion, were not analyzed bones of children or damaged. For the quantitative analysis of the data, the software Graphad Instat was used. Fisher exact test was used considering the p ≤ 0,05 as significant. After analysis of the scapulae, 30,76% (68/ 221) presented the ossified STSL (p ≤ 0,0001) of which, 52,94% (36/68) were ossified on the right side and 47,05% (32/68) on the left one. The 153 scapulae that did not present the ossified STSL, it was observed in 19,6 % (30/153) of these bones, the superior edge varying in the transverse plan, increasing superior angulation and, modified the width and depth of the scapular incisure. This anatomical curiosity should be kept in mind by clinicians that approaches painful syndrome of the shoulder, as well as, this anatomical curiosity should be kept in mind by students that may manipulate this anatomical area.


El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar la prevalencia del ligamento escapular transverso superior (LETS) osificado, en huesos secos. 221 escápulas secas (111 derechas y 110 izquierdas) fueron analizadas procedentes de Río de Janeiro y de Santa Catarina, Brasil. No fueron analizados huesos de niños o dañados. El tratamiento estadístico de los datos fue realizado con el software Graphpad Instat, siendo seleccionado el test Fisher, con un p ≤ 0.05 como significativo. El 30.76% (68/221) de las escápulas presentaron el LETS osificado (p ≤ 0,0001) de ellos, el 52.94% (36/68) correspondían a escáulas derechas y 47.05% (32/68) a escápulas izquierdas. Las 153 escápulas que no presentaron el LETS osificado, se observó en el 19.6% (30/153) de estos huesos. El margen superior que variaba en el plano transversal, incrementaba la angulación superior y modificaba así el ancho y la profundidad de la incisura escapular. Esta variación anatómica la deben tener presente los clínicos debido al síndrome doloroso del hombro, como también, los estudiantes que manipulan esta área anatómica.

12.
Int. j. morphol ; 24(1): 77-82, Mar. 2006. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-626830

RESUMO

The otic ganglion is a cranial component of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Similar to other parasympathetic ganglia, otic ganglion presents multipolar neurons that are completely surrounded by satellite cells and intercellular substance as well, which allow us to use this ganglion as a good experimental model for studying the relationship neuron / extracellular matrix. We have studied rat otic ganglion in 10 animals through light microscopy. After routine histological methods, 5 µm sections were obtained and coloured by Gomori`s trichrome, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), Alcian Blue pH 2.5 and pH1.0, acetylation + PAS, acetylation + deacetylation + PAS, acid hydrolysis + PAS, phenylhydrazine + PAS and thiosemicarbazide + PAS. The presence of neutral glycoproteins was demonstrated by PAS reactivity. PAS inhibition following Alcian Blue staining in pH 2.5 and 1.0 showed the presence of a small quantity of acid glycoprotein. The extracellular matrix analysis showed the presence of neutral and acid glycoconjugates. These findings suggests a mutual interaction and a complex role in ganglionic physiology.


El ganglio ótico es un componente craneal de la división parasimpática del sistema nervioso autónomo (SNA). Similar al otro ganglio parasimpático, el ganglio ótico presenta neuronas multipolares que están rodeadas totalmente por las células satélites y la sustancia intercelular, lo cual permite la utilización de este ganglio como un buen modelo experimental para estudiar las relaciones matriz extracelular/neurona. Examinamos, con microscopio de luz, el ganglio ótico 10 ratones. Con los métodos histológicos rutinarios fueron obtenidas 5 secciones y coloreadas con tricrómico de Gomori, PAS, Azul de Alcián pH 2.5 y pH1.0, acetilación + PAS, acetilación + desacetilación + PAS, hidrólisis de ácido + PAS, fenilhidrazina + PAS y tiosemicarbacida + PAS. La presencia de glicoproteínas neutras fue demostrada por la reactividad de PAS. La inhibición de PAS y la posterior tinción con Azul de Alcian en pH 2.5 y 1.0, demostró la presencia de una cantidad pequeña de glicoproteínas ácidas. El análisis extracelular de la matriz demostró la presencia de glicoconjugados neutros y ácidos. Estos resultados sugieren una interacción mutua y un papel complejo en la fisiología ganglionar.

13.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 86(3-4): 317-28, 2005 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15766809

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to verify the smooth muscle cell distribution and elastic system fibers volumetric density (Vv) in the corpus spongiosum and corpus cavernosum of the wild boar penis. Adult wild boars (n=13) were used. The penile mid shaft fragments were fixed with 4% phosphate buffered formalin solution and/or Bouin's liquid during 24-48 h, and processed using standard histological techniques. The sections were stained with Weigert's Resorcin-Fucsin with previous oxidation. The elastic system fibers Vv was determined in 25 random fields of each fragment using M42 test system. For immunohistochemical analysis, monoclonal anti-alpha actin smooth muscle was used. The histochemical methods detected elastic system fibers in both corpus spongiosum and corpus cavernosum of all animals. The elastic fibers Vv average was 36.6%+/-0.9 for corpus spongiosum and 11.7%+/-0.5 for corpus cavernosum. Through immunocitochemistry, a small quantity of smooth muscle cells was visualized in intimate relationship with blood vessels wall. The great amount of elastic fibers and the smooth muscle cell distribution beneath the endothelium suggest that these fibers may have an important role in penile erection process in the penis of wild boars.


Assuntos
Tecido Elástico/química , Imuno-Histoquímica , Músculo Liso/citologia , Pênis/anatomia & histologia , Suínos/anatomia & histologia , Actinas/análise , Actinas/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Tecido Elástico/anatomia & histologia , Masculino , Pênis/irrigação sanguínea , Pênis/inervação
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 23(3): 231-233, 2005. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-626786

RESUMO

We report an unilateral three renal veins the right kidney in an elderly male cadaver. They were three calibrous veins having independent courses up to the inferior vena cava. No other vascular anomalies were noted in this specimen. This anatomical curiosity should be kept in mind by clinicians and academics that may manipulate this anatomical area.


Presentamos una variación anatómica consistente en tres venas renales unilaterales presentes en el riñón derecho de un cadáver de un individuo adulto de sexo masculino. Las tres venas eran de calibre considerable, las cuales tenían cursos independientes hasta la vena cava inferior. No se observó ninguna otra variación vascular en este individuo. Tanto los clínicos como los académicos deben tener presente esta variación anatómica cuando se acceda a esta área anatómica.

15.
Int. j. morphol ; 23(1): 37-42, 2005. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-626967

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is gain a better understanding of the anatomical variations of celiac artery and its branches in dogs. The celiac artery supply was analyzed in thirty dogs.The animals were injected with solution of Petrolatex S65 and dissected to evidence the celiac artery origin and its proximal ramifications. The celiac artery and its proximal branches were dissected and lengthen. The celiac artery more frequently emerged ahead of the first lumbar vertebra in one way form. The medium length of the celiac artery was of 0.98 cm. The gastrolienal trunk was the predominant morphological arrangement with medium length of 0.19 cm. The lienal artery emerged in one way form emitting more frequently 2 main branches. A branch emerging of the celiac artery irrigating the left adrenal occurred in 4 animals. The left gastric artery presented 1 branch in 17 animals (56.7%), 2 branches in 11 animals (36.6%) and 3 branches in 3 animals (10%). The left pancreatic lobe received a main branch from the lienal artery in 24 animals (80.0%), two branches in 4 animals (13.4%), and a branch emerging of the gastrolienal trunk in 2 animals (6.6%). The present data should therefore provide important information for devising experiments and interpreting results when using the mongred dogs as a model for experimental surgery and radiolocal practice of the celiac artery specially when making comparisons to human anatomy.


El propósito de este estudio es comprender mejor las variaciones anatómicas de la arteria celiaca y de sus ramas en los perros. Estudiamos la arteria celiaca en 30 perros (Canis familiaris). La parte abdominal de la aorta y el tronco celiaco fueron inyectados con una solución de Petrolatex S65, disecándose, desde su origen, la arteria celiaca y sus ramificaciones proximales. La arteria celiaca se originaba, de manera más frecuente, a nivel de la primera vértebra lumbar. La longitud media de la arteria celiaca fue de 0.98 cm. El tronco gastrolienal era el elemento morfológico predominante, con una longitud promedio de 0.19 cm. La arteria lienal se originaba de un tronco y emitía, frecuentemente, dos ramas principales. En 4 animales, se originaba una rama de la arteria celiaca, la cual irrigaba la glándula adrenal izquierda. La arteria gástrica izquierda emitía una rama en 17 animales (56.7%), dos ramas en 11 animales (36.6%) y 3 ramas en 3 animales (10%). El lóbulo pancreático izquierdo recibía una rama principal de la arteria lienal en 24 animales (80.0%), 2 ramas en 4 animales (13.4%), y una rama que se originaba del tronco gastrolienal en 2 animales (6.6%). Los resultados obtenidos se deben tener presentes cuando son utilizados perros como modelo en cirugía experimental y práctica radiolocal, especialmente, cuando se hacen comparaciones con la anatomía humana.

16.
Int. j. morphol ; 21(1): 29-35, Mar. 2003. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-359415

RESUMO

El nervio isquiático, ramo del plexo sacro, abandona la pelvis pasando, generalmente, por debajo del músculo piriforme. Este nervio puede presentar variaciones en su relación con el músculo piriforme, entre ellas, las referidas a la división alta. Sin embargo, son pocos los trabajos que correlacionan esta división con variaciones anatómicas y su relación con el músculo piriforme, en fetos humanos. Con el propósito de verificar una posible asociación entre el trayecto y relaciones de ramos del nervio isquiático, fueron disecadas 100 regiones glúteas de fetos humanos. Se encontraron 3 tipos de variaciones entre el nervio isquiático y el músculo piriforme: en 8 casos (16,0 por ciento) el nervio fibular común pasó a través del músculo y el nervio tibial transcurrió por debajo de su margen inferior (Tipo I). En estos mismos casos se observó que 5 (62,5 por ciento) estaban a la izquierda y 3 a la derecha. En un caso (2,0 por ciento), el nervio fibular común hizo su trayecto por sobre el margen superior del músculo piriforme y el nervio tibial pasó por debajo de su margen inferior (Tipo II). Fue observado en el Tipo III,que el nervio isquiático perfora el músculo piriforme, no presentando ninguna división. El músculo piriforme mostró variaciones de fusión con el músculo glúteo mediano (lado derecho =2,0 por ciento) y con el músculo gemelo superior (lado derecho =24,0 por ciento e izquierdo =32,0 por ciento). Estos datos muestran que existe una equivalencia de variacion entre los trayectos y relaciones del nervio isquiático con el músculo piriforme en fetos y adultos. Las variaciones en el músculo piriforme no están asociadas con alteraciones funcionales en la biomecánica de la pelvis.


Assuntos
Humanos , Desenvolvimento Muscular , Nervo Isquiático/anatomia & histologia , Nervo Isquiático/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dissecação , Desenvolvimento Embrionário e Fetal
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 21(2): 137-142, 2003. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-388093

RESUMO

La observación y manipulación del cadáver en las aulas de Anatomía, todavía son métodos que contribuyen de manera eficiente en la comprensión de la forma, espacio y distancia de las estructuras anatómicas. Sin embargo, el contacto con el cadáver parece provocar diferentes tipos de reacciones en los estudiantes. El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar las reacciones de los alumnos del Área de la Salud frente al primer contacto con el cadáver, en las aulas de trabajos prácticos de Anatomía. El estudio también analiza la influencia de esta actividad en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de Anatomía. Al final del semestre lectivo, fueron entrevistados aleatoriamente 395 alumnos matriculados en los cursos del Área de la Salud, que cursaron la disciplina de Anatomía teórica y práctica. La investigación se realizó en base a un cuestionario con preguntas abiertas y cerradas, referidas a sexo, edad, curso, interés por la disciplina y reacciones frente al contacto con el cadáver. El tratamiento estadístico de los datos fue realizado con el auxilio del software Graphpad Instat, siendo seleccionado el test Qi2, con un p<0.05 como significativo. Los estudiantes eran jóvenes y la mayoría, de sexo femenino. El 92,2 por ciento de los alumnos consideró "importante" y se interesó por el conocimiento del cuerpo humano, independientemente de la exigencia curricular. En la reacción al primer contacto con el cadáver, el 40,8 por ciento relató ningún recelo. Algunas reacciones fueron identificadas en el16,0 por ciento de los alumnos, como: miedo, náuseas, schock y recuerdos de familiares fallecidos. En cuanto a la "convivencia" con el cadáver, los alumnos revelaron una reacción académica, respetando su instrumento de estudio y que no sufren ninguna alteración en su quehacer cotidiano, con respecto a alimentación, sueño, etc. La consideración atribuida al estudio práctico en el cadáver, fue de "muy importante", y que la manipulación del mismo influye en el aprendizaje. Parece ocurrir una despersonalización del cadáver después de la disección, pues las reacciones frente al primer contacto, no fueron expresivas. Según los alumnos, el estudio práctico en el cadáver es imprescindible, pues materializa y corrige conceptos teóricos erróneos y/o variaciones sobre aspectos topográficos.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Educação Médica/tendências , Materiais de Ensino , Cadáver
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