Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 46
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 922018 Nov 02.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30394367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Comprehensive Care Home Unit of the General Hospital of Villarrobledo is a unit formed by a geriatrician who sees people in nursing homes to improve their quality of care. The activity of the Unit has been analyzed, mainly with the objective of avoiding referral to the emergency room, avoiding hospital admissions, avoiding hospital readmissions and reducing the number of hospital admission days. METHODS: We retrospectively described the clinical activity of the Unit during the influenza outbreak of 2017 and 2018. We selected sociodemographical variables, functional assessment scales (Katz index, Barthel index and the Functional Ambulation Classification), and the Global Deterioration Scale. We registered mortality, type of treatment, oncological patients and patients with supplementary tests. The population was divided into four subgroups: hospital admission avoided, hospital re-admission avoided, referral to the emergency department avoided and reduction of admission days. The demographic characteristics were described, including the mode or mean of the variables. An economic report was made, and an analysis of cost per process according to the subgroups, means of Related Groups for the Diagnosis and degree of dependency measured by the Barthel index. RESULTS: We selected 112 patients, they had a mean age of 82.2 years, Katz G (34.8%), IB 28.8 (DE 34.9), FAC 0 (63.4%) and GDS 7 (22.3%). The most frequent disease seen was respiratory infection (63.2%), 71.4% received active treatment, 10.7% complementary tests were performed, 17.9% oncological and 17% mortality. Cost analysis: hospital readmission avoided (€ 4,128 per patient) and patients with total disability (BI 0-20, € 3,623 per patient) presented more economic saving. The economic savings were more than € 230,000. CONCLUSIONS: The contribution of the Unit during periods of influenza outbreak is cost saving because of reduced numbers of admissions, numbers of readmissions, days of admission and emergency room visits.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças/economia , Hospitalização/economia , Influenza Humana/economia , Influenza Humana/terapia , Casas de Saúde , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Geriatria/economia , Recursos em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Admissão do Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha
3.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 53(6): 344-355, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30072184

RESUMO

Aging is an important risk factor for patients with atrial fibrillation. The estimated prevalence of atrial fibrillation in patients aged ≥80 years is 9-10%, and is associated with a four to five fold increased risk of embolic stroke, and with an estimated increased stroke risk of 1.45-fold per decade in aging. Older age is also associated with an increased risk of major bleeding with oral anticoagulant therapy. This review will focus on the role of oral anticoagulation with new oral anticoagulants, non-vitamin K antagonist in populations with common comorbid conditions, including age, chronic kidney disease, coronary artery disease, on multiple medication, and frailty. In patients 75 years and older, randomised trials have shown new oral anticoagulants to be as effective as warfarin, or in some cases superior, with an overall better safety profile, consistently reducing rates of intracranial haemorrhages. Prior to considering oral anticoagulant therapy in an elderly frail patient, a comprehensive assessment should be performed to include the risks and benefits, stroke risk, baseline kidney function, cognitive status, mobility and fall risk, multiple medication, nutritional status assessment, and life expectancy.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Idoso , Algoritmos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Árvores de Decisões , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
4.
Rev. esp. salud pública ; 92: 0-0, 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-177564

RESUMO

Fundamentos: La Unidad Domiciliaria de Atención Integral (UDAI) del Hospital General de Villarrobledo está formada por un geriatra que atiende a las personas institucionalizadas para mejorar su calidad asistencial. Se analizó la actividad de la UDAI, principalmente en el objetivo de evitar ingresos y reingresos hospitalarios, evitar visitas a urgencias y facilitar el alta hospitalaria prematura. Métodos: Describimos de forma retrospectiva la actividad de la UDAI durante los brotes de gripe del 2017 y 2018. Aportamos variables sociodemográficas, escalas de valoración funcional (índice de Katz, índice de Barthel y la Escala de Valoración Funcional de la Marcha), y la Escala de Deterioro Global. Registramos mortalidad, tipo de tratamiento, pacientes oncológicos y pruebas complementarias. Se dividió la población en cuatro subgrupos: ingreso hospitalario evitado, reingreso hospitalario evitado, derivación a urgencias evitada y reducción días de ingreso. Se describieron las características demográficas, incluido la moda o media de las variables. Se realizó una memoria económica, y un análisis de coste por proceso según los subgrupos, medias de Grupos Relacionados por el Diagnóstico y grado de dependencia medido por el Índice de Barthel. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 112 pacientes, presentaban una edad media de 82,2 años, Katz G (34,8%), IB 28,8 (DE 34,9), FAC 0 (63,4%) y GDS 7 (22,3%). La enfermedad más frecuente fue la infección respiratoria (63,4%), recibieron tratamiento activo un 71,4%, se realizaron pruebas complementarias en un 10,7%, oncológico 17,9% y exitus 17%. Análisis de costes: el reingreso hospitalario evitado (4.128 Euros por paciente) y los pacientes con discapacidad total (IB 0 - 20, 3.623 Euros por paciente) presentaron un mayor ahorro de costes. El ahorro económico fue de más de 230.000€. Conclusiones: La contribución de la UDAI durante los periodos de brote de gripe supone un ahorro de costes basado en disminuciones de hospitalizaciones, disminución de reingresos, acortamiento de estancias hospitalarias y reducción de derivaciones a urgencias


Background: The Comprehensive Care Home Unit of the General Hospital of Villarrobledo is a unit formed by a geriatrician who sees people in nursing homes to improve their quality of care. The activity of the Unit has been analyzed, mainly with the objective of avoiding referral to the emergency room, avoiding hospital admissions, avoiding hospital readmissions and reducing the number of hospital admission days. Methods: We retrospectively described the clinical activity of the Unit during the influenza outbreak of 2017 and 2018. We selected sociodemographical variables, functional assessment scales (Katz index, Barthel index and the Functional Ambulation Classification), and the Global Deterioration Scale. We registered mortality, type of treatment, oncological patients and patients with supplementary tests. The population was divided into four subgroups: hospital admission avoided, hospital re-admission avoided, referral to the emergency department avoided and reduction of admission days. The demographic characteristics were described, including the mode or mean of the variables. An economic report was made, and an analysis of cost per process according to the subgroups, means of Related Groups for the Diagnosis and degree of dependency measured by the Barthel index. Results: We selected 112 patients, they had a mean age of 82.2 years, Katz G (34.8%), IB 28.8 (DE 34.9), FAC 0 (63.4%) and GDS 7 (22.3%). The most frequent disease seen was respiratory infection (63.2%), 71.4% received active treatment, 10.7% complementary tests were performed, 17.9% oncological and 17% mortality. Cost analysis: hospital readmission avoided (Euros 4,128 per patient) and patients with total disability (BI 0-20, € 3,623 per patient) presented more economic saving. The economic savings were more than Euros 230,000. Conclusions: The contribution of the Unit during periods of influenza outbreak is cost saving because of reduced numbers of admissions, numbers of readmissions, days of admission and emergency room visits


Assuntos
Humanos , Serviços Hospitalares de Assistência Domiciliar/organização & administração , Assistência Integral à Saúde/organização & administração , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Estudos Retrospectivos , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 52(2): 80-86, mar.-abr. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-160802

RESUMO

Introducción. El objetivo del estudio es identificar los atributos físicos del síndrome de temor a caerse (STAC) en mayores con caídas previas. Metodología. Estudio observacional analítico sobre 183 sujetos mayores de 64 años que hayan sufrido al menos una caída en el último año, captados desde la consulta de geriatría del Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete. De ellos, 140 cumplían criterios de STAC, y los otros 43 no (grupo control). Como covariables se recogieron datos sociodemográficos, antropométricos, de comorbilidad y fármacos, situación funcional, función física, fragilidad, estado cognitivo y afectivo. Se determinó la masa muscular mediante bioimpedanciometría (BIA) y densitometría (DXA), la fuerza prensora mediante dinamómetro digital de JAMAR, la fuerza extensora (1RM) de miembros inferiores, la potencia muscular de miembros inferiores mediante el instrumento T-Force, la variabilidad de la marcha con el instrumento Gait-Rite, las alteraciones posturales mediante posturografía. Se analizará si el STAC se asocia con alteraciones físicas ajustado por las covariables de estudio. Resultados. Edad media 78,4 años, 147 mujeres. En 182 participantes se pudo realizar posturografía, en 146 se pudo determinar potencia muscular de piernas, en 117 se realizó DXA y en 165, BIA. El STAC se asoció a sexo femenino, estado de fragilidad, ánimo deprimido, riesgo social, fuerza y potencia muscular, función física, número de fármacos e hipotensión ortostática en la muestra global, pero al ajustar por sexo, solo la fragilidad, el ánimo deprimido y el consumo de fármacos se asociaron al STAC. Conclusiones. Se presenta el razonamiento, el diseño y la metodología del estudio FISTAC (AU)


Introduction. The aim of this study was to identify the physical determining factors of the Fear of Falling Syndrome (FoF) in older adults with a history of falls. Methods. An observational study was conducted on 183 subjects older than 64 years with a fall in the previous year, with data collected from the geriatrics outpatient clinic of the Complejo Hospitalario Universitario from Albacete, Spain. Sociodemographic and anthropometric data, as well as comorbidity, drugs usually taken, functional status, physical function, frailty, cognitive and affective status were collected. Muscle mass was measured using bioimpedancy meter (BIA), and densitometry (DXA), strength with digital hand-held JAMAR dynamometer and with a Leg-press machine, muscle potency with a T-Force instrument, gait variability with the Gait-Rite instrument, and postural stability with the Neurocom Balance Master posturograph were also determined. An analysis was performed to determine if the FoF is associated with physical impairments adjusted for the study covariates. Results. The study included 140 subjects with FoF, and 43 without it. The mean age was 78.4 years, and 147 were women. Posturography could be measured in 182 participants, DXA in 117, BIA in 165, and muscle potency in 146. FoF was associated with female sex, frailty, depressed mood, social risk, muscle strength and power, physical function, number of drugs used, and orthostatic hypotension in the overall sample. After adjusting for sex, only frailty, depressed mood, and number of drugs remained associated. Conclusions. Rationale, design, and methods of the FISTAC study are presented (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Medo/psicologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/psicologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/psicologia , Síncope/psicologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/complicações , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Antropometria , Comorbidade , Envelhecimento Cognitivo/psicologia , Densitometria/métodos , Repertório de Barthel
8.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 52(2): 80-86, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27126264

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify the physical determining factors of the Fear of Falling Syndrome (FoF) in older adults with a history of falls. METHODS: An observational study was conducted on 183 subjects older than 64 years with a fall in the previous year, with data collected from the geriatrics outpatient clinic of the Complejo Hospitalario Universitario from Albacete, Spain. Sociodemographic and anthropometric data, as well as comorbidity, drugs usually taken, functional status, physical function, frailty, cognitive and affective status were collected. Muscle mass was measured using bioimpedancy meter (BIA), and densitometry (DXA), strength with digital hand-held JAMAR dynamometer and with a Leg-press machine, muscle potency with a T-Force instrument, gait variability with the Gait-Rite instrument, and postural stability with the Neurocom Balance Master posturograph were also determined. An analysis was performed to determine if the FoF is associated with physical impairments adjusted for the study covariates. RESULTS: The study included 140 subjects with FoF, and 43 without it. The mean age was 78.4 years, and 147 were women. Posturography could be measured in 182 participants, DXA in 117, BIA in 165, and muscle potency in 146. FoF was associated with female sex, frailty, depressed mood, social risk, muscle strength and power, physical function, number of drugs used, and orthostatic hypotension in the overall sample. After adjusting for sex, only frailty, depressed mood, and number of drugs remained associated. CONCLUSIONS: Rationale, design, and methods of the FISTAC study are presented.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Medo , Avaliação Geriátrica , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome
9.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 51(5): 254-259, sept.-oct. 2016. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-155746

RESUMO

Introducción. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue analizar si la fragilidad se asocia a largo plazo con mortalidad, discapacidad incidente en actividades básicas de la vida diaria (ABVD) y hospitalización. Material y métodos. Estudio de cohortes concurrente sobre 993 mayores de 70 años incluidos en el estudio FRADEA. La fragilidad se midió mediante el fenotipo de Fried. Durante el seguimiento se registraron mortalidad, hospitalización y discapacidad incidente en ABVD (baño, aseo, vestido, retrete, transferencias y comer). El riesgo de presentar dichos eventos adversos se determinó mediante regresión logística, Kaplan-Meier y análisis de riesgos proporcionales de Cox ajustado por edad, sexo, Barthel basal, comorbilidad e institucionalización. Resultados. El tiempo medio de seguimiento fue de 952 días (DE 408) durante los cuales fallecieron 182 sujetos (18,4%). Los participantes frágiles tuvieron mayor riesgo ajustado de mortalidad (HR 4,5; IC 95%: 1,8-11,1), discapacidad incidente en ABVD (OR 2,7; IC 95%: 1,3-5,9) y del evento combinado mortalidad o discapacidad incidente (OR 3,0; IC 95%: 1,5-6,1). Los prefrágiles tuvieron mayor riesgo ajustado de mortalidad (HR 2,9; IC 95%: 1,2-6,5), discapacidad incidente (OR 2,1; IC 95%: 1,2-3,6) y del evento combinado mortalidad o discapacidad incidente (OR 2,2; IC 95%: 1,3-3,6). Se observó una asociación positiva entre fragilidad y hospitalización que quedó al borde de la significación (OR 1,7; IC 95%: 1,0-3,0). Conclusiones. El estado de fragilidad se asocia a largo plazo con mortalidad y discapacidad incidente en ABVD en una cohorte de ancianos españoles (AU)


Introduction. The objective of this study was to analyse whether frailty is related to long-term mortality, incident disability in basic activities of daily living (BADL), and hospitalisation. Material and methods. A concurrent cohort study conducted on 993 participants over age 70 from the FRADEA Study. Frailty was determined with Fried frailty phenotype. Data was collected on mortality, hospitalisation and incident disability in BADL (bathing, grooming, dressing, toileting, eating or transferring) during the follow-up period. The risk of adverse events was determined by logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier analysis, and Cox proportional hazard analysis adjusted for age, sex, Barthel index, comorbidity and institutionalization. Results. Mean follow-up was 952 days (SD 408), during which 182 participants (18.4%) died. Frail participants had an increased adjusted risk of death (HR 4.5, 95%CI: 1.8-11.1), incident disability in BADL (OR 2.7, 95%CI: 1.3-5.9) and the combined event mortality or incident disability (OR 3.0, 95%CI: 1.5-6.1). Pre-frail subjects had an increased adjusted risk of death (HR 2.9, 95%CI: 1.2-6.5), incident disability in BADL (OR 2.1, 95%CI: 1.2-3.6), and the combined event mortality or incident disability (OR 2.2, 95%CI: 1.3-3.6). There was a positive association between frailty and hospitalisation, which almost reached statistical significance (OR 1.7, 95%CI: 1.0-3.0). Conclusions. Frailty is long-term associated with mortality and incident disability in BADL in a Spanish cohort of older adults (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/normas , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Atividades Cotidianas/classificação , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Estudos de Coortes , Modelos Logísticos , Análise de Variância , Grupos de Risco
10.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 51(5): 254-9, 2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26980117

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to analyse whether frailty is related to long-term mortality, incident disability in basic activities of daily living (BADL), and hospitalisation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A concurrent cohort study conducted on 993 participants over age 70 from the FRADEA Study. Frailty was determined with Fried frailty phenotype. Data was collected on mortality, hospitalisation and incident disability in BADL (bathing, grooming, dressing, toileting, eating or transferring) during the follow-up period. The risk of adverse events was determined by logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier analysis, and Cox proportional hazard analysis adjusted for age, sex, Barthel index, comorbidity and institutionalization. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 952 days (SD 408), during which 182 participants (18.4%) died. Frail participants had an increased adjusted risk of death (HR 4.5, 95%CI: 1.8-11.1), incident disability in BADL (OR 2.7, 95%CI: 1.3-5.9) and the combined event mortality or incident disability (OR 3.0, 95%CI: 1.5-6.1). Pre-frail subjects had an increased adjusted risk of death (HR 2.9, 95%CI: 1.2-6.5), incident disability in BADL (OR 2.1, 95%CI: 1.2-3.6), and the combined event mortality or incident disability (OR 2.2, 95%CI: 1.3-3.6). There was a positive association between frailty and hospitalisation, which almost reached statistical significance (OR 1.7, 95%CI: 1.0-3.0). CONCLUSIONS: Frailty is long-term associated with mortality and incident disability in BADL in a Spanish cohort of older adults.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso Fragilizado , Hospitalização , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fragilidade , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 49(5): 235-242, sept.-oct. 2014.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-127045

RESUMO

Introducción. La valoración geriátrica integral (VGI) es la principal herramienta de trabajo de los geriatras, aunque una encuesta del año 2000 encontró que se realizaba de manera heterogénea en los Servicios de Geriatría de España. Por ello nos propusimos realizar una nueva encuesta que pusiera de manifiesto las tendencias a este respecto en los últimos 13 años. Material y métodos. Estudio descriptivo transversal de los resultados de una encuesta estructurada a los responsables de 39 Servicios y Unidades de Geriatría de España, 27 con acreditación docente, realizada durante el primer semestre de 2013, sobre las herramientas de VGI empleadas en los distintos niveles asistenciales. Resultados. La tasa de respuesta de la encuesta fue del 97,4%. El 78,4% (n = 29) de los centros reconoció emplear diferentes herramientas según el nivel asistencial. Los índices de Barthel y Lawton fueron las herramientas de valoración funcional más empleadas en todos los Servicios y niveles asistenciales, aunque la velocidad de marcha y la escala de Tinetti fueron muy usadas en Hospital de día y en consultas externas. Las escalas más utilizadas en la valoración mental fueron el Mini Mental State Examination y el Mini Examen Cognoscitivo (97,4%), seguidos por test de valoración afectivo-conductual (86,8%) y severidad del deterioro cognitivo (84,2%). En las urgencias del 43,2% de los hospitales encuestados se emplearon herramientas de VGI, siendo la más usada el índice de Barthel, y el 69,4% de los dispositivos de Atención Primaria de las áreas de salud de los hospitales encuestados empleaba herramientas de VGI, siendo de nuevo las más empleadas el índice de Barthel e índice de Lawton (38,9%). La mayoría de los Servicios encuestados sigue pensando que los principales dominios que deben ser evaluados en una VGI son el funcional, mental y social, siendo otros dominios importantes la nutrición, comorbilidad, caídas y úlceras. Conclusiones. La VGI se sigue realizando de manera heterogénea en los diferentes Servicios de Geriatría españoles, aunque se aprecian tendencias hacia un mayor empleo del índice de Barthel, mayor adecuación de los instrumentos al nivel asistencial y mayor valoración de nuevos dominios como la fragilidad, nutrición o comorbilidad (AU)


Introduction. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) is the main measurement tool used by Geriatricians. A 2000 survey demonstrated great variability in the tools used for CGA among Spanish Geriatric Departments. A new survey to detect 13-year trends in the use of CGA tools in our country is presented. Material and methods. Descriptive study using a structured questionnaire on the use of CGA tools in different levels of care sent to the Heads of 39 Spanish Geriatric Departments or Services (27 with postgraduate teaching in Geriatrics) during the first three months of 2013. Results. The response rate was 97.4%. It was found that 78.4% (29 centers) used different tools depending on the level of care. Barthel and Lawton index were the most used functional assessment tools in all Departments and across all geriatric levels, although gait speed and Tinetti scale were frequently used in Day Hospital and Outpatient clinics. The Mini Mental State Exam and its Spanish version Mini Examen Cognoscitivo were the most used mental scales (97.4%), followed by tools for assessing depression-behavior (86.8%) and severity of cognitive impairment tools (84.2%). CGA tools were used in 43.2% of the emergency departments of the hospitals surveyed, being the most frequent. More than two-thirds (69.4%) of the Departments reported that their affiliated Primary Care centers used CGA tools, with the Barthel and Lawton again being indexes the most used. Most of the responding Departments considered that the main domains of CGA are functional, mental and social status. Nutrition, comorbidity, falls and pressure ulcers are other important domains. Conclusions. There is still a great variability in the CGA tools being used in Spanish Geriatric Departments, although there is a trend towards a greater use of Barthel index, greater adaptation of tools to each level of care, and increasing assessment of new domains like frailty, nutrition or comorbidity (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Assistência a Idosos/ética , Assistência a Idosos/tendências , Idoso/fisiologia , Idoso Fragilizado , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/tendências , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados/organização & administração , Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados/normas , Saúde do Idoso , Saúde do Idoso Institucionalizado , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/normas , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/tendências , Geriatria/ética , Geriatria/métodos , Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados/tendências , Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados
13.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 49(5): 235-42, 2014.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24953247

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) is the main measurement tool used by Geriatricians. A 2000 survey demonstrated great variability in the tools used for CGA among Spanish Geriatric Departments. A new survey to detect 13-year trends in the use of CGA tools in our country is presented. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive study using a structured questionnaire on the use of CGA tools in different levels of care sent to the Heads of 39 Spanish Geriatric Departments or Services (27 with postgraduate teaching in Geriatrics) during the first three months of 2013. RESULTS: The response rate was 97.4%. It was found that 78.4% (29 centers) used different tools depending on the level of care. Barthel and Lawton index were the most used functional assessment tools in all Departments and across all geriatric levels, although gait speed and Tinetti scale were frequently used in Day Hospital and Outpatient clinics. The Mini Mental State Exam and its Spanish version Mini Examen Cognoscitivo were the most used mental scales (97.4%), followed by tools for assessing depression-behavior (86.8%) and severity of cognitive impairment tools (84.2%). CGA tools were used in 43.2% of the emergency departments of the hospitals surveyed, being the most frequent. More than two-thirds (69.4%) of the Departments reported that their affiliated Primary Care centers used CGA tools, with the Barthel and Lawton again being indexes the most used. Most of the responding Departments considered that the main domains of CGA are functional, mental and social status. Nutrition, comorbidity, falls and pressure ulcers are other important domains. CONCLUSIONS: There is still a great variability in the CGA tools being used in Spanish Geriatric Departments, although there is a trend towards a greater use of Barthel index, greater adaptation of tools to each level of care, and increasing assessment of new domains like frailty, nutrition or comorbidity.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Geriatria , Departamentos Hospitalares , Humanos , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 49(2): 51-58, mar.-abr. 2014. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-119274

RESUMO

Introducción: El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue analizar la asociación entre las principales enfermedades crónicas y la multimorbilidad, con mortalidad, discapacidad incidente en actividades básicas de la vida diaria y pérdida de movilidad en ancianos. Material y métodos: Novecientos cuarenta y tres participantes del estudio FRADEA con datos en la visita basal de enfermedades crónicas, y en la segunda visita de mortalidad, discapacidad incidente y pérdida de movilidad. Se analizó la asociación cruda y ajustada por edad, sexo y discapacidad previa entre el recuento de enfermedades crónicas total, el recuento de 14 enfermedades prevalentes preseleccionadas y la presencia de 2 o más de estas últimas (multimorbilidad) con los eventos adversos de salud referidos. Resultados: Los participantes con mayor recuento de enfermedades totales (OR 1,11; IC 95% 1,02-1,22), así como seleccionadas (OR 1,19; IC95% 1,03-1,38) tuvieron un mayor riesgo ajustado de mortalidad, pero no de discapacidad incidente ni pérdida de movilidad. Los sujetos con multimorbilidad tuvieron mayor riesgo ajustado, aunque no significativo, de mortalidad (HR 1,45; IC95% 0,87-2,43), frente a los que no la tenían. El tiempo medio libre de discapacidad incidente en participantes sin y conmultimorbilidad fue de 846 ± 34 y 731 ± 17 días respectivamente (log-rank 2 7,45; p = 0,006), y sin y con pérdida de movilidad fue de 818 ± 32 y 696 ± 13 días respectivamente (log-rank 2 10,99; p = 0,001). Conclusiones: La multimorbilidad no se asocia de manera ajustada con mortalidad, discapacidad incidente ni pérdida de movilidad en mayores de 70 años, aunque sí con mortalidad si se considera el recuento de enfermedades crónicas de manera lineal (AU)


Introduction: The objective of this study was to analyse the relationships between the major chronic diseases and multiple morbidity, with mortality, incident disability in basic activities of daily living, and loss of mobility in the elderly. Material and methods: A total of 943 participants were selected from the FRADEA Study, using available baseline data of chronic diseases, and at the follow-up visit of mortality, incident disability, and loss of mobility. The analysis was made of the unadjusted and adjusted association between the number of chronic diseases, the number of 14 pre-selected diseases, and the presence of two or more chronic diseases (multiple morbidity) with adverse health events recorded. Results: Participants with a higher number of diseases (OR 1.11; 95% CI: 1.02-1.22), and 14 preselected diseases (OR 1.19; 95% CI: 1.03-1.38) had a higher adjusted mortality risk, but not a higher incident disease or mobility loss risk. Subjects with multiple morbidity had a higher non-significant mortality risk (HR 1.45; 95% CI: 0.87-2.43), than those without multiple morbidity. Disability-free mean time in participants with and without multiple morbidity was 846 ± 34 and 731 ± 17 days, respectively (Log-rank 2 7.45. P =.006), and with our without mobility loss was 818±32 and 696±13 days, respectively (Log rank 2 10.99. P =.001). Conclusions: Multiple morbidity was not associated with mortality, incident disability in ADL, or mobility loss in adults older than 70 years, although if mortality is taken into account, the number of chronic diseases is linear (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Comorbidade , Fatores de Risco , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Limitação da Mobilidade
16.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 49(2): 51-8, 2014.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24055095

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to analyse the relationships between the major chronic diseases and multiple morbidity, with mortality, incident disability in basic activities of daily living, and loss of mobility in the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 943 participants were selected from the FRADEA Study, using available baseline data of chronic diseases, and at the follow-up visit of mortality, incident disability, and loss of mobility. The analysis was made of the unadjusted and adjusted association between the number of chronic diseases, the number of 14 pre-selected diseases, and the presence of two or more chronic diseases (multiple morbidity) with adverse health events recorded. RESULTS: Participants with a higher number of diseases (OR 1.11; 95% CI: 1.02-1.22), and 14 pre-selected diseases (OR 1.19; 95% CI: 1.03-1.38) had a higher adjusted mortality risk, but not a higher incident disease or mobility loss risk. Subjects with multiple morbidity had a higher non-significant mortality risk (HR 1.45; 95% CI: 0.87-2.43), than those without multiple morbidity. Disability-free mean time in participants with and without multiple morbidity was 846±34 and 731±17 days, respectively (Log-rank χ(2) 7.45. P=.006), and with our without mobility loss was 818±32 and 696±13 days, respectively (Log rank χ(2) 10.99. P=.001). CONCLUSIONS: Multiple morbidity was not associated with mortality, incident disability in ADL, or mobility loss in adults older than 70 years, although if mortality is taken into account, the number of chronic diseases is linear.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/mortalidade , Pessoas com Deficiência , Limitação da Mobilidade , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha
17.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 48(6): 285-289, nov.-dic. 2013.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-116826

RESUMO

Diversos estudios epidemiológicos han evaluado la relación entre el estado de fragilidad con episodios adversos geriátricos en salud como la mortalidad, la discapacidad, la pérdida de movilidad, la institucionalización o las caídas, demostrando una clara asociación. Sin embargo, estos episodios han sido valorados de forma heterogénea, tanto en su número, criterios empleados y tiempo de seguimiento. Esta asociación implica que el objetivo de la atención geriátrica no debe ser solo la prevención, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de los procesos de la enfermedad mediante el trabajo multidisciplinar y el uso de niveles asistenciales adaptados a la funcionalidad del anciano, sino la detección del estado de fragilidad entendido como un síndrome previo a la discapacidad sobre el que implementar tratamientos específicos que retarden su aparición, y las consecuencias derivadas del deterioro funcional. Otro objetivo es el apoyo a otras especialidades médicas para estadificar el nivel de riesgo en circunstancias específicas como los tratamientos del cáncer, la realización de pruebas diagnósticas o las intervenciones quirúrgicas (AU)


Several epidemiological studies have analyzed the association between frailty status and adverse geriatric health outcomes, with there being a clear relationship being demonstrated in mortality, disability, mobility loss, institutionalization and falls. However, different studies have evaluated different number of these adverse events, with different criteria, and with different follow-up periods. As a result of this relationship, the objective of geriatric medicine must not only be the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases based on multidisciplinary team work and use of geriatric units according to functional status of patients, but the detection, prevention and treatment of frailty. Frailty must be considered as a pre-disability state that can be prevented and treated to delay its progression towards disability, institutionalization, and death. The characterization of frailty status can also help other medical specialties to stratify the risk of adverse health outcomes in oncology treatments, surgical interventions, or diagnostic procedures (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Osteogênese Imperfeita/epidemiologia , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Pacientes Domiciliares/psicologia , Pacientes Domiciliares/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Pacientes Domiciliares/educação , Pacientes Domiciliares/legislação & jurisprudência , Pacientes Domiciliares/reabilitação , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/normas , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Avaliação de Resultado de Ações Preventivas/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 48(6): 285-9, 2013.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24094677

RESUMO

Several epidemiological studies have analyzed the association between frailty status and adverse geriatric health outcomes, with there being a clear relationship being demonstrated in mortality, disability, mobility loss, institutionalization and falls. However, different studies have evaluated different number of these adverse events, with different criteria, and with different follow-up periods. As a result of this relationship, the objective of geriatric medicine must not only be the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases based on multidisciplinary team work and use of geriatric units according to functional status of patients, but the detection, prevention and treatment of frailty. Frailty must be considered as a pre-disability state that can be prevented and treated to delay its progression towards disability, institutionalization, and death. The characterization of frailty status can also help other medical specialties to stratify the risk of adverse health outcomes in oncology treatments, surgical interventions, or diagnostic procedures.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Avaliação Geriátrica , Idoso , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico
19.
Rev. clín. med. fam ; 6(1): 37-42, 2013.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-113991

RESUMO

Introducción: La aparición de disfagia es marcador de la fase final de la demencia. Estudios hasta el 2000 ponían en entredicho los objetivos que justifican la colocación de sondas de alimentación, pero ésta sigue siendo una intervención frecuente en demencias avanzadas. Objetivos: Responder a las siguientes cuestiones según la evidencia disponible: La alimentación por sonda PEG en demencias avanzadas: ¿previene aspiraciones?, ¿previene desnutrición?, ¿aumenta la supervivencia?, ¿se tratan de manera paliativa? Metodología: Revisión bibliográfica. Estudios publicados 2000-2012. Inglés y castellano. Bases de datos: Pubmed, Google Scholar, Cochrane. Mesh: Dementia, Enteral nutrition, Nutritional support, Endoscopic gastrostomy, Tube feeding, Peg, Enteral feeding, Ethics, Quality of life, Palliative care, Dysphagia y Make decisions. Resultados: 96 artículos cumplían criterios para incluir en este estudio. 24 españoles, 72 publicaciones extranjeras. Las sonda nasogástrica y sonda PEG no están indicadas en pacientes con riesgo de broncoaspiraciones; las indicadas por la ESPEN tampoco las previenen. La guía ESPEN no considera indicado usar sondas de alimentación en la última fase de la demencia; la pérdida de peso es consecuencia de la enfermedad. Estudios señalan factores que afectan negativamente a la supervivencia. La mortalidad en los primeros 30 días tras la colocación de la sonda es muy elevada. La demencia no es asumida como enfermedad terminal, provocando ambivalencia en la toma de decisiones al final de la vida. La formación en cuidados paliativos no oncológicos es muy escasa, hecho que favorece instauración de tratamientos desproporcionados. Conclusiones: La alimentación enteral en la demencia avanzada sigue siendo una intervención frecuente, no hay evidencia que establezca que la alimentación por sondas prevengan las aspiraciones, ni se logre una mejora en el estado nutricional, prevenga la desnutrición o sus consecuencias. Tampoco se logra un aumento de la supervivencia, incluso hay estudios que plantean una disminución de la supervivencia. Estos pacientes no se benefician de cuidados paliativos, porque la demencia severa tradicionalmente no ha sido considerada como enfermedad terminal, aunque muchos estudios aseguran que se lograría una mejora de la calidad de vida en la fase final de la enfermedad (AU)


Introduction: The onset of dysphagia is a sign of the final stage of dementia. Studies up to the year 2000 called into question the objectives which justify the insertion of a feeding tube, but this continues to be a frequent intervention in advanced dementias. Objectives: To answer the following questions based on available evidence: Does feeding by PEG tubes in advanced dementia prevent aspiration? Does it prevent malnutrition? Does it increase survival rates? Are they treated palliatively? Methodology: Bibliographic research. Studies published 2000-2012. English and Spanish. Databases: Pubmed, Google Scholar, Cochrane. MeSH: Dementia, Enteral nutrition, Nutritional support, Endoscopic gastrostomy, Tube feeding, PEG, Enteral feeding, Ethics, Quality of life, Palliative care, Dysphagia and Making decisions. Results: 96 articles met criteria to be included in this study. 24 Spanish, 72 in international publications. Nasogastric and PEG tubes are not indicated in patients at risk of bronchoaspirations; neither do those indicated by ESPEN prevent them. The ESPEN guide does not consider the use of feeding tubes to be suitable in the final stage of dementia; weight loss is a consequence of the disease. Studies suggest factors which affect survival negatively. Mortality in the first 30 days after insertion of the tube is very high. Dementia is not accepted as a terminal disease, causing ambivalence in decision taking at the end of life. Training in non-oncological palliative care is very limited, a fact which can increase the establishment of disproportionate treatments. Conclusions: Enteral feeding in advanced dementia continues to be a frequent intervention; there is no evidence which establishes that tube feeding prevents aspirations, or that an improvement in nutritional status is achieved, or that it prevents malnutrition or its consequences. Neither are higher survival rates achieved; there are even studies which suggest lower survival rates. These patients are not benefited by palliative care because severe dementia has not traditionally been considered a terminal disease, despite the fact that many studies claim that a higher quality of life would be achieved in the final stage of the illness (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Demência/dietoterapia , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/dietoterapia , Nutrição Enteral/instrumentação , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Nutrição Enteral/normas , Intubação Gastrointestinal/instrumentação , Intubação Gastrointestinal/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Sonda , Nutrição Enteral/psicologia , Nutrição Enteral/tendências , Intubação Gastrointestinal/normas , Intubação Gastrointestinal , Desnutrição/complicações , Desnutrição/dietoterapia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA