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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 105(1): 155-164, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055108


PURPOSE: Giving an additional radiation dose to the incision or chest wall has been a practice, but it has never been studied in a randomized setting, and it might lead to inferior cosmetic outcomes. This study aims to evaluate whether delivery of a chest wall boost (CWB) to the mastectomy scar or chest wall is independently associated with reconstruction complications and to assess its disease control efficacy in the setting of breast reconstruction. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 746 patients with breast cancer who underwent mastectomy, breast reconstruction, and PMRT; all underwent treatment at our institution during 1997 to 2016. Various reconstruction techniques were used among this cohort including autologous reconstruction, single-stage direct-to-implant reconstruction, and 2-stage tissue expander implant. Cohorts were divided by administration of CWB. The primary objective was comparing the rate of reconstruction complications including skin necrosis, fat necrosis and infection between groups. Subgroup analysis for patients with implant-based reconstruction was performed to evaluate the effect of CWB on implant-related complications such as capsular contracture, implant exposure, and implant failure. The secondary objective was comparison of the cumulative incidence of local failure between groups overall and within clinically high-risk subgroups. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 5.2 years. Most clinicopathologic features were well balanced between the 379 (51%) patients who received CWB and the 367 (49%) who did not. On multivariate analysis, CWB was significantly associated with infection, skin necrosis, and implant exposure. For implant reconstruction patients, CWB independently increased risks of implant failure. CWB administration was not associated with local tumor control benefits, even in high-risk subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that omission of chest wall boost in postmastectomy radiation improves breast reconstruction outcomes without compromising local tumor control.

Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Parede Torácica/efeitos da radiação , Adulto , Idoso , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Cicatriz/patologia , Cicatriz/radioterapia , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Feminino , Hematoma/etiologia , Humanos , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Necrose , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seroma/etiologia , Dispositivos para Expansão de Tecidos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 104(1): 13-15, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967223
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 174(1): 179-185, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30478787


PURPOSE: Patients with Her2-positive breast cancer treated with trastuzumab have higher rates of cardiotoxicity (CT). Left-breast radiation might increase the risk for CT from cardiac exposure to radiation. The goal of our study is to evaluate the contribution of radiotherapy (RT) in the development of CT in breast cancer patients receiving trastuzumab. METHODS: Two hundred and two patients were treated with RT and trastuzumab from 2000 to 2014. The RT plans for left-side disease were recalled from archives. The heart, each chamber, and left anterior descending artery (LAD) were independently contoured. New dose-volume histograms (DVH) were generated. Their serial left-ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF) were studied. CT for left and right side were compared using Fisher's exact test. The DVH data were correlated with the predefined cardiac events using actuarial Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Compared to the right sided, the left-side cases showed statistically significant development of arrhythmia (14.2%) versus (< 1%) (p < 0.001). Cardiac ischemia was found in 10 patients in left and one patient in right side (p = 0.011). The equivalent uniform dose (EUD) to the left ventricle (LV), right ventricle (RV), and LAD was significantly associated with decrease in LVEF by > 10% (p = 0.037, p = 0.023 and p = 0.049, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients treated for left-sided lesions, there were no significant differences in EF decline. However, there was a higher rate of ischemia and arrhythmia compared to those with right-sided disease. The EUD index of LV, RV, and LAD could be considered as a parameter to describe the risk of radiation-induced CT.

Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiotoxicidade/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Órgãos em Risco , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 103(1): 62-70, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30165125


PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine when the risk of lymphedema is highest after treatment of breast cancer and which factors influence the time course of lymphedema development. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 2005 and 2017, 2171 women (with 2266 at-risk arms) who received surgery for unilateral or bilateral breast cancer at our institution were enrolled. Perometry was used to objectively assess limb volume preoperatively, and lymphedema was defined as a ≥10% relative arm-volume increase arising >3 months postoperatively. Multivariable regression was used to uncover risk factors associated with lymphedema, the Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate lymphedema incidence, and the semiannual hazard rate of lymphedema was calculated. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 4 years, the overall estimated 5-year cumulative incidence of lymphedema was 13.7%. Significant factors associated with lymphedema on multivariable analysis were high preoperative body mass index, axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), and regional lymph node radiation (RLNR). Patients receiving ALND with RLNR experienced the highest 5-year rate of lymphedema (31.2%), followed by those receiving ALND without RLNR (24.6%) and sentinel lymph node biopsy with RLNR (12.2%). Overall, the risk of lymphedema peaked between 12 and 30 months postoperatively; however, the time course varied as a function of therapy received. Early-onset lymphedema (<12 months postoperatively) was associated with ALND (HR [hazard ratio], 4.75; P < .0001) but not with RLNR (HR, 1.21; P = .55). In contrast, late-onset lymphedema (>12 months postoperatively) was associated with RLNR (HR, 3.86; P = .0001) and, to a lesser extent, ALND (HR, 1.86; P = .029). The lymphedema risk peaked between 6 and 12 months in the ALND-without-RLNR group, between 18 and 24 months in the ALND-with-RLNR group, and between 36 and 48 months in the group receiving sentinel lymph node biopsy with RLNR. CONCLUSIONS: The time course for lymphedema development depends on the breast cancer treatment received. ALND is associated with early-onset lymphedema, and RLNR is associated with late-onset lymphedema. These results can influence clinical practice to guide lymphedema surveillance strategies and patient education.

Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Linfedema/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Excisão de Linfonodo , Irradiação Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem