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1.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 51(10): 1709-1713, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309391

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In view of the differences in early and late management experiences based on Huang and Tseng CT classification of emphysematous pyelonephritis (EP), our study included 34 patients aimed to re-correlate the current management plans with CT classification. METHODS: A retrospective review from January 2009 to December 2018, in patients with primary or final diagnosis of EP. Data included; patients' demographics, routine laboratory and imaging work-up. CT was performed for all, and images were classified based on Huang and Tseng classification. The CT classification was correlated to the laboratory parameters and the final treatment plans. Data were collected and analyzed using SPSS®. RESULTS: Complete data for 34 patients were analyzed. The majority (70%) had positive urine culture, and Carbapenems and Ureidopenicillin were the most commonly used antibiotics. Based on CT classification, 75% (26/34) of the patients were in class I and II, 6 cases with class IIIa, and only two with class IIIb, with no cases of class IV. All patients in class I and II responded well to the medical therapy, and eight required PCN/DJ. Four required nephrectomy in class III, with zero mortality. CONCLUSION: Patients in class I and II comprise the majority of EP patients, and respond well to medical treatment with excellent outcome. Insertion of PCN and DJ are not required routinely, but with urinary obstruction requiring drainage, and a few cases who required nephrectomy-all with class III. Our data show improvement in the overall survival in patients for EP.

2.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; 70(3): 254-263, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922786

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of study is to assess the role of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and correlation with tumour angiogenesis in evaluation of urinary bladder cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 81 patients with recent presumed diagnosis of bladder tumour or who came for follow up after management of histopathologically proven bladder cancer. All had DCE-MRI with time-signal intensity curve. The radiologic results then correlated with the histopathologic results using both haematoxylin and eosin stain and immuno-histochemical staining for localization and evaluation of CD34 immunoreactivity as a detector for the microvessel density (MVD) and tumour angiogenesis. RESULTS: Seventy-one cases were pathologically proven to be malignant: 41 cases (58%) showed type III time-signal intensity curve (descending); 22 cases (31%) showed type II (plateau); and 8 cases (11%) showed type I (ascending) curve. The sensitivity of DCE-MRI in stage T1 bladder tumour was 80%; in stage T2, it was (90.9%); and in stage T3, it was (96.9%). Overall accuracy of DCE-MRI in tumour staging was 89.5% and P = .001 (significant). Values more than the cutoff value = 76.13 MVD are cystitis with sensitivity (90%), specificity (91%), and P value is .001, which is statistically highly significant. CONCLUSION: There is a strong positive association between DCE-MRI (staging and washout slope of the time-signal intensity curve) with histopathologic grade, tumour stage, and MVD in bladder cancer. So, DCE-MRI can be used as reliable technique in preoperative predictions of tumour behavior and affect the planning of antiangiogenetic therapy.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neovascularização Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Bexiga Urinária/irrigação sanguínea , Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Turk J Urol ; 45(3): 177-182, 2019 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to report our 25-year experience on upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) on a larger number of patients with long-term follow-up at a single tertiary urology institute. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 275 patients from 1990 to 2015. Basic patient demographic data with the laboratory and radiologic investigations were collected. We used 1997 TNM classification and the three-tiered WHO grading system. Data were collected using an SPSS® version 21 spreadsheet. RESULTS: The mean age was 59±11 years, and 88% of all the patients were male. Previous and concurrent bladder tumors were found in 16% and 26%, respectively. Computed tomography gave an overall accuracy of 96%. Open nephroureterectomy and bladder cuff excision was performed for 85%, and the remaining by laparoscopy and nephron-sparing surgeries. Tumor was pelvicalyceal, ureteric, and both in 40%, 40%, and 20% respectively. In 97% of the patients, the tumor was transitional cell carcinoma. Nearly two-thirds of the patients were of low grade and non-invasive in stage. Nearly half of the patients (46%) had bladder tumor recurrence after NU. Bladder, urethral, and contralateral recurrence, distant, local metastasis occurred in 46%, 2%, 1%, 7.5%, and 6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: UTUC is a unique disease with synchronous and metachronous urothelial tumor recurrence that requires long-term surveillance. The majority (two-thirds) of the patients are non-invasive in stage of grade II. Tumor stage is of paramount prognostic significance for survival; the five-year survival rate of T1 and T4 is 80% and 0%, respectively.

4.
Clin Genitourin Cancer ; 14(6): e609-e615, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27262370

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tumor stage and grade represent the best established predictors for the prognosis of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). However, controversies still exist regarding the role of tumor necrosis, location, and multifocality in the prognosis of UTUC. We share our experience with 305 patients, reporting on the pathologic features in detail, cancer characteristics, and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data from patients who had undergone surgery for UTUC from 1983 to 2013. The tumors were staged according to the 1997 TNM classification and the 3-tiered World Health Organization grading system. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 305 patients were eligible for analysis. The 5-year CSS for grade 1, 2, and 3 was 88%, 84%, and 60%, respectively. The CSS for stage pT1, T2, T3, and T4 was 82%, 70%, 62%, and 0%, respectively. On univariate analysis, tumor stage, tumor grade, positive lymph node status, and micropapillary invasion had adverse effects on survival (P = .006, P = .045, P = .01, and P = .005, respectively). On multivariate analysis, only stage and micropapillary variant maintained significance (P = .01). Multicentricity and tumor location affected CSS in the early follow-up period but did not in the late follow-up period. Neither carcinoma in situ nor adverse pathologic variants affected survival. CONCLUSION: The tumor stage and presence of a micropapillary variant are of paramount prognostic significance for survival in patients with UTUC. The tumor grade and lymph node status are also good predictors. In our series, multifocality and tumor location affected early and mid-term survival with no significant effects on late survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Urológicas/patologia , Neoplasias Urológicas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos
5.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 44(6): 1623-30, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22833254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcome of transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct (TURED) in the treatment for ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO) and define predictors of success. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 23 infertile men between 2006 and 20011, who were diagnosed as having EDO. Inclusion criteria were azoospermia or oligozoospermia, low ejaculate volume, low ejaculate PH, little or no fructose in seminal plasma with normal serum levels of gonadotropins and testosterone and evidence of obstruction on transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) or magnetic resonance images (MRI). Seventeen patients were diagnosed as complete EDO, and the remaining 6 were considered as having partial EDO. All patients were treated by TURED. RESULTS: Midline cysts were diagnosed in seven cases, and the remaining 16 patients had postinflammatory obstruction of ejaculatory ducts (ED). Overall, a significant improvement of semen quality was achieved after surgery. All patients with partial EDO showed improvements in semen parameters after TURED compared to 23.5% (4/17) in those with complete EDO. Improvement in sperm count was 71.5% and 31% for patients with midline cysts and patients with non-cystic causes of EDO, respectively. Six (26%) patients developed complications including epididymo-orchitis in 2, watery ejaculate in 3 and conversion to azoospermia in 1. Spontaneous pregnancies were achieved in 3 (13%) cases: 2 (33.3%) men with partial and 1 (5.9%) with complete obstruction. CONCLUSION: Partial EDO, whatever the etiology, has an excellent outcome after TURED. Complete EDO due to cysts appears to respond better than postinflammatory obstruction to TURED.


Assuntos
Ductos Ejaculatórios/cirurgia , Infertilidade Masculina/cirurgia , Adulto , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Adulto Jovem
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