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1.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 80(20): 1857-1868, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) on the rate and prognostic impact of hospitalizations in patients with heart failure (HF) and severe secondary mitral regurgitation is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the effect of the MitraClip percutaneous edge-to edge repair system on fatal and nonfatal hospitalizations and their relationship with mortality in the COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial. METHODS: Patients with HF (n = 614) with severe secondary mitral regurgitation were randomized to TEER plus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) versus GDMT alone. Hospitalizations were classified as fatal if death occurred during that hospitalization or nonfatal if the patient was discharged alive. RESULTS: At 2 years, TEER treatment, compared with GDMT alone, resulted in lower time-to-first-event rates of any heart failure hospitalization (HFH) (34.8% vs 56.4%; HR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.39-0.66) and fatal HFH (6.5% vs 12.6%; HR: 0.47; 95% CI: 0.26-0.85). TEER also resulted in lower rates of all-cause nonfatal and fatal hospitalizations. During the 2-year follow-up period, patients who underwent TEER spent an average of 2 more months alive and out of the hospital than did patients treated with GDMT alone (581 ± 27 days vs 519 ± 26 days; P = 0.002). All HFHs (adjusted HR: 6.37; 95% CI: 4.63-8.78) and nonfatal HFHs (adjusted HR: 1.78; 95% CI: 1.27-2.49) were consistently independently associated with increased 2-year mortality in both the TEER and GDMT groups (Pinteraction = 0.34 and 0.39, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In the COAPT trial, compared with GDMT alone, patients with HF and severe secondary mitral regurgitation undergoing TEER with the percutaneous edge-to edge repair system had lower 2-year rates of fatal and nonfatal all-cause hospitalizations and HFH and spent more time alive and out of the hospital. HFHs were strongly associated with mortality, irrespective of treatment. (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation [The COAPT Trial] and COAPT CAS [COAPT]; NCT01626079).


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitalização , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Circ Heart Fail ; : e009787, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current treatment of fluid retention in heart failure relies primarily on diuretics. However, adequate decongestion is not achieved in many patients. We aimed to study the feasibility and short-term performance of a novel approach to remove fluids and sodium directly from the interstitial compartment by enhancing sweat rate. METHODS: We used a device designed to enhance fluid and salt loss via the eccrine sweat glands. Skin temperature in the lower body was increased from 35 °C to 38 °C, where the slope of the relationship between temperature and sweat production is linear. The sweat evaporates instantaneously, thus avoiding the awareness of perspiration. The primary efficacy endpoint was the ability to increase skin temperature to the desired range. A secondary efficacy endpoint was a clinically meaningful hourly sweat output, defined as ≥150 mL/h. The primary safety endpoint was any procedure-related adverse events. RESULTS: We studied 6 normal subjects and 18 patients with congestion. Participants underwent 3 treatment sessions of up to 4 hours. Skin temperature increased to a median of 37.5 °C (interquartile range, 37.1-37.9 °C) with the median core temperature increasing by 0.2 °C (interquartile range, 0.1-0.3 °C). The median hourly weight loss during treatment was 215 g/h (interquartile range, 165-285; range, 100-344 g/h). In 80% of treatment procedures, the average sweat rate was ≥150 mL/h. There were no significant changes in hemodynamic variables or renal function and no procedure-related adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Enhancing sweat rate was safe and resulted in a clinically meaningful fluid removal and weight loss. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov; Unique identifier: NCT04578353.

3.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 23(11): 1540-1551, 2022 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265184

RESUMO

AIMS: The impact of mitral valve geometry on outcomes after MitraClip treatment in secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) has not been examined. We therefore sought to evaluate the association between mitral valve geometry and outcomes of patients with heart failure (HF) and secondary MR treated with guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) and MitraClip. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mitral valve geometry was assessed from the baseline echocardiograms in 614 patients from the COAPT trial. The primary endpoint for the present study was the composite of all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization (HFH) within 2 years. Effect of treatment arm (MitraClip plus maximally tolerated GDMT vs. GDMT alone) on outcomes according to baseline variables was assessed. Among 29 baseline mitral valve echocardiographic parameters, increasing anteroposterior mitral annular diameter was the only independent predictor of the composite endpoint of all-cause mortality or HFH [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) per cm 1.49; P = 0.04]. The effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) was independently associated with all-cause mortality alone (aHR per cm2 2.97; P = 0.04) but not with HFH, whereas increasing anteroposterior mitral annular diameter was independently associated with HFH alone (aHR per cm 1.85; P = 0.005) but not all-cause mortality. Other mitral valve morphologic parameters were unrelated to outcomes. MitraClip reduced HFH and mortality independent of anteroposterior mitral annular diameter and EROA (Pinteraction = 0.77 and 0.27, respectively). CONCLUSION: In patients with HF and severe secondary MR, a large anteroposterior mitral annular diameter and greater EROA were the strongest echocardiographic predictors of HFH and death in patients treated with GDMT alone and with the MitraClip.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Humanos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(19): 1893-1905, 2022 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36202557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the predictors of death or heart failure hospitalization (HFH) in patients with heart failure (HF) with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a predictive risk score using the COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients With Functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial database. METHODS: In COAPT, 614 symptomatic patients with HF and moderate to severe or severe FMR were randomized to MitraClip implantation plus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) or GDMT alone. A risk score for the 2-year rate of death or HFH was generated from Cox proportional hazards models. The predictive value of the model was assessed using the area under the curve of receiver-operating characteristic plots. Kaplan-Meier curves were generated to estimate the proportion of patients experiencing death or HFH across quartiles of risk. RESULTS: During 2-year follow-up, 201 patients (64.4%) in the GDMT-alone group and 133 patients (44.0%) in the MitraClip group experienced death or HFH (P < 0.001). A risk score containing 4 clinical variables (New York Heart Association functional class, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, atrial fibrillation or flutter, and chronic kidney disease) and 4 echocardiographic variables (left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end-systolic dimension, right ventricular systolic pressure, and tricuspid regurgitation) in addition to MitraClip treatment was generated. The area under the curve of the risk score model was 0.74, and excellent calibration was present. The relative benefit of MitraClip therapy in reducing the 2-year hazard of death or HFH was consistent across the range of baseline risk. CONCLUSIONS: A simple risk score of clinical, echocardiographic, and treatment variables may provide useful prognostication in patients with HF and severe FMR.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
7.
Eur Heart J ; 43(42): 4469-4479, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36017729

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) are at significant risk of stroke. Anticoagulation reduces this risk in patients with and without atrial fibrillation (AF), but the risk-to-benefit balance in the latter group, overall, is not favourable. Identification of patients with HFrEF, without AF, at the highest risk of stroke may allow targeted and safer use of prophylactic anticoagulant therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a pooled patient-level cohort of the PARADIGM-HF, ATMOSPHERE, and DAPA-HF trials, a previously derived simple risk model for stroke, consisting of three variables (history of prior stroke, insulin-treated diabetes, and plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide level), was validated. Of the 20 159 patients included, 12 751 patients did not have AF at baseline. Among patients without AF, 346 (2.7%) experienced a stroke over a median follow up of 2.0 years (rate 11.7 per 1000 patient-years). The risk for stroke increased with increasing risk score: fourth quintile hazard ratio (HR) 2.35 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.60-3.45]; fifth quintile HR 3.73 (95% CI 2.58-5.38), with the first quintile as reference. For patients in the top quintile, the rate of stroke was 21.2 per 1000 patient-years, similar to participants with AF not receiving anticoagulation (20.1 per 1000 patient-years). Model discrimination was good with a C-index of 0.84 (0.75-0.91). CONCLUSION: It is possible to identify a subset of HFrEF patients without AF with a stroke-risk equivalent to that of patients with AF who are not anticoagulated. In these patients, the risk-to-benefit balance might justify the use of prophylactic anticoagulation, but this hypothesis needs to be tested prospectively.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Volume Sistólico , Prognóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico
9.
JACC Heart Fail ; 10(9): 651-661, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35780032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Differences in clinically important thresholds in patient-reported outcomes measures such as the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) remain less well-established in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) versus heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate meaningful thresholds for improvement or deterioration in the KCCQ-Total Symptom Score (TSS) in patients with HFrEF versus HFpEF. METHODS: This secondary analysis of EMPERIAL program used anchor- and distribution-based approaches to estimate thresholds for improvement or deterioration in the KCCQ-TSS using Patient Global Impression of Severity (PGIS) as the primary anchor. Mean change in KCCQ-TSS from baseline to week 12 was calculated for each PGIS. RESULTS: A total of 312 HFrEF and 315 HFpEF patients were enrolled. At week 12, mean changes in KCCQ-TSS corresponding to PGIS changes of "any improvement," "1-category improvement," and "1-category deterioration" were 13 ± 17, 12 ± 17, -3 ± 16 points in HFrEF, and 15 ± 18, 13 ± 17, -7 ± 18 points in HFpEF. Threshold for meaningful within-patient change in KCCQ-TSS was ≥9 points in HFrEF and ≥7 points in HFpEF patients. Sensitivity and specificity of ≥9 points/≥7 points change was 0.65 and 0.70 for HFrEF and 0.64 and 0.66 for HFpEF. Cumulative distribution function curves of KCCQ-TSS change from baseline to week 12 showed a shift to higher scores in both HFrEF and HFpEF patients. CONCLUSIONS: In the EMPERIAL program, a change in KCCQ-TSS of ≥9 points in HFrEF and ≥7 points in HFpEF represents the minimal clinically important difference for improvement, confirming the broad range of 5-10 points as meaningful thresholds.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Volume Sistólico
10.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35791663

RESUMO

AIMS: Guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT), based on the combination of beta-blockers (BB), renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASI), and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA), is known to have a major impact on the outcome of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Although GDMT is recommended prior to mitral valve transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (M-TEER), not all patients tolerate it. We studied the association of GDMT prescription with survival in HFrEF patients undergoing M-TEER for secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: EuroSMR, a European multicentre registry, included SMR patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <50%. The outcome was 2-year all-cause mortality. Of 1344 patients, BB, RASI, and MRA were prescribed in 1169 (87%), 1012 (75%), and 765 (57%) patients at the time of M-TEER, respectively. Triple GDMT prescription was associated with a lower 2-year all-cause mortality compared to non-triple GDMT (hazard ratio [HR] 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.60-0.91). The association persisted in patients with glomerular filtration rate <30 ml/min, ischaemic aetiology, or right ventricular dysfunction. Further, a positive impact of triple GDMT prescription on survival was observed in patients with residual mitral regurgitation of ≥2+ (HR 0.62; 95% CI 0.44-0.86), but not in patients with residual mitral regurgitation of ≤1+ (HR 0.83; 95% CI 0.64-1.08). CONCLUSION: Triple GDMT prescription is associated with higher 2-year survival after M-TEER in HFrEF patients with SMR. This association was consistent also in patients with major comorbidities or non-optimal results after M-TEER.

11.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 24(9): 1665-1673, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713888

RESUMO

AIMS: Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) remains associated with high morbidity and mortality, poor quality of life (QoL) and significant exercise limitation. Sympatho-vagal imbalance has been shown to predict adverse prognosis and symptoms in HFrEF, yet it has not been specifically targeted by any guideline-recommended device therapy to date. Barostim™, which directly addresses this imbalance, is the first Food and Drug Administration approved neuromodulation technology for HFrEF. We aimed to analyse all randomized trial evidence to evaluate the effect of baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) on heart failure symptoms, QoL and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in HFrEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: An individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis was performed on all eligible trials that randomized HFrEF patients to BAT + guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) or GDMT alone (open label). Endpoints included 6-month changes in 6-min hall walk (6MHW) distance, Minnesota Living With Heart Failure (MLWHF) QoL score, NT-proBNP, and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class in all patients and three subgroups. A total of 554 randomized patients were included. In all patients, BAT provided significant improvement in 6MHW distance of 49 m (95% confidence interval [CI] 33, 64), MLWHF QoL of -13 points (95% CI -17, -10), and 3.4 higher odds of improving at least one NYHA class (95% CI 2.3, 4.9) when comparing from baseline to 6 months. These improvements were similar, or better, in patients who had baseline NT-proBNP <1600 pg/ml, regardless of the cardiac resynchronization therapy indication status. CONCLUSION: An IPD meta-analysis suggests that BAT improves exercise capacity, NYHA class, and QoL in HFrEF patients receiving GDMT. These clinically meaningful improvements were consistent across the range of patients studies. BAT was also associated with an improvement in NT-proBNP in subjects with a lower baseline NT-proBNP.


Assuntos
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Barorreflexo/fisiologia , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia
12.
JACC Heart Fail ; 10(6): 415-427, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Up to 20% of patients in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) trials are not taking diuretic agents at baseline, but little is known about them. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine outcomes in patients with HFrEF not taking diuretic medications and after diuretic medications are started. METHODS: Patient characteristics and outcomes were compared between patients taking or not taking diuretic drugs at baseline in the ATMOSPHERE (Aliskiren Trial of Minimizing Outcomes for Patients With Heart Failure) and PARADIGM-HF (Prospective Comparison of ARNI With ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure Trial) trials combined. Patients starting diuretic medications were also compared with those remaining off diuretic drugs during follow-up. Symptoms (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire Clinical Summary Score [KCCQ-CSS]), hospitalization for worsening heart failure (HF), mortality, and kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate slope) were examined. RESULTS: At baseline, the 3,079 of 15,415 patients (20%) not taking diuretic medications had a less severe HF profile, less neurohumoral activation, and better kidney function. They were less likely to experience the primary outcome (hospitalization for HF or cardiovascular death) than patients taking diuretic agents (adjusted HR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.74-0.80; P < 0.001) and death of any cause. Commencement of a diuretic drug was associated with higher subsequent risk for death (adjusted HR: 2.05; 95% CI: 1.99-2.11; P < 0.001) and greater decreases in KCCQ-CSS and estimated glomerular filtration rate. The 5 strongest predictors of initiation of diuretic medications were higher N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, higher body mass index, older age, history of diabetes, and worse KCCQ-CSS. In PARADIGM-HF, fewer patients who were treated with sacubitril/valsartan commenced diuretic agents (OR: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.58-0.88; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with HFrEF not taking diuretic medications and those who remained off them had better outcomes than patients treated with diuretic agents or who commenced them.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Aminobutiratos , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Bifenilo , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Tetrazóis/uso terapêutico
13.
Cancer Med ; 2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35633055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contemporary therapies improve breast cancer (BC) outcomes. Yet, many of these therapies have been increasingly linked with serious cardiotoxicity, including reports of profound hypertension. Yet, the incidence, predictors, and impacts of these events are largely unknown. METHODS: Leveraging two large U.S.-based registries, the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) databases, we assessed the incidence, factors, and outcomes of hypertensive events among BC patients from 2007 to 2015. Differences in baseline characteristics, hypertension-related discharges, and complications were examined over time. Further, we performed a disproportionality analysis using reporting-odds-ratios (ROR) to determine the association between individual BC drugs and hypertensive events. Utilizing an ROR cutoff of >1.0, we quantified associations by drug-class, and individual drugs with the likelihood of excess hypertension. RESULTS: Overall, there were 5,464,401 BC-admissions, of which 46,989 (0.8%) presented with hypertension. Hypertensive BC patients were older, and saw initially increased in-hospital mortality, which equilibrated over time. The mean incidence of hypertension-related admissions was 732 per 100,000 among BC patients, versus 96 per 100,000 among non-cancer patients (RR 7.71, p < 0.001). Moreover, in FAERS, those with hypertension versus other BC-treatment side-effects were more frequently hospitalized (40.1% vs. 36.7%, p < 0.001), and were most commonly associated with chemotherapy (45.9%). Outside of Eribulin (ROR 3.36; 95% CI 1.37-8.22), no specific drug was associated with a higher reporting of hypertension; however, collectively BC drugs were associated with a higher odds of hypertension (ROR 1.66; 95% CI 1.09-2.53). CONCLUSIONS: BC therapies are associated with a substantial increase in limiting hypertension.

16.
Heart Rhythm O2 ; 3(1): 40-49, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35243434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) often have conduction system disorders, which may be worsened by ß-blocker therapy. OBJECTIVE: In a post hoc analysis we examined the prevalence of bradycardia and its association with adverse events (AEs) and failure to achieve target dose in the GENETIC-AF trial. METHODS: Patients randomized to metoprolol (n = 125) or bucindolol (n = 131) entering 24-week efficacy follow-up and receiving study medication were evaluated. Bradycardia was defined as an electrocardiogram (ECG) heart rate (HR) <60 beats per minute (bpm) and severe bradycardia <50 bpm. RESULTS: Mean HR in sinus rhythm (SR) was 62.6 ± 12.5 bpm for metoprolol and 68.3 ± 11.1 bpm for bucindolol (P < .0001), but in AF HRs were not different (87.5 bpm vs 89.7 bpm, respectively). Episodes per patient for bucindolol vs metoprolol were 0.82 vs 2.08 (P < .001) for bradycardia and 0.24 vs 0.57 for severe bradycardia (P < .001), with 98.9% of the episodes occurring in SR. Patients experiencing bradycardia had a 4.15-fold higher prevalence of study medication dose reduction (P <.0001) compared to patients without bradycardia. Fewer patients receiving metoprolol were at target dose (61.7% vs 74.9% for bucindolol, P < .0001) at ECG recordings, and bradycardia AEs were more prevalent in the metoprolol group (13 vs 1 for bucindolol, P = .001). On multivariate analysis of 21 candidate bradycardia predictors including presence of a device with pacing capability, bucindolol treatment was associated with the greatest degree of prevention (Zodds ratio -4.24, P < .0001). CONCLUSION: In AF-prone HF patients bradycardia may limit the effectiveness of ß blockers, and this property is agent-dependent.

17.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 79(5): 504-510, 2022 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35115106

RESUMO

With the current landscape of approved therapies for heart failure (HF), there is a need to determine the role of a standard background therapy against which novel therapies are studied. The Heart Failure Collaboratory convened a multistakeholder group of clinical investigators, clinicians, patients, government representatives including U.S. Food and Drug Administration and National Institutes of Health participants, payers, and industry in March 2021 to discuss whether standardization of background drug therapy is necessary in clinical trials in patients with HF. The current paper summarizes the discussion and provides potential conceptual approaches, with a focus on therapies indicated for HF with reduced ejection fraction.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos
18.
Eur Heart J ; 43(17): 1639-1648, 2022 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35134897

RESUMO

AIMS: Baseline renal dysfunction (RD) adversely impacts outcomes among patients with heart failure (HF) and severe secondary mitral regurgitation (MR). Heart failure and MR, in turn, accelerate progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), worsening prognosis. We sought to determine the impact of RD in HF patients with severe MR and the impact of transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) on new-onset ESRD and the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT). METHODS AND RESULTS: The COAPT trial randomized 614 patients with HF and severe MR to MitraClip plus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) vs. GDMT alone. Patients were stratified into three RD subgroups based on baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2): none (≥60), moderate (30-60), and severe (<30). End-stage renal disease was defined as eGFR <15 mL/min/1.73 m2 or RRT. The 2-year rates of all-cause death or HF hospitalization (HFH), new-onset ESRD, and RRT according to RD and treatment were assessed. Baseline RD was present in 77.0% of patients, including 23.8% severe RD, 6.0% ESRD, and 5.2% RRT. Worse RD was associated with greater 2-year risk of death or HFH (none 45.3%; moderate 53.9%; severe 69.2%; P < 0.0001). MitraClip vs. GDMT alone improved outcomes regardless of RD (Pinteraction = 0.62) and reduced new-onset ESRD [2.9 vs. 8.1%, hazard ratio (HR) 0.34, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.15-0.76, P = 0.008] and the need for new RRT (2.5 vs. 7.4%, HR 0.33, 95% CI 0.14-0.78, P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: Baseline RD was common in the HF patients with severe MR enrolled in COAPT and strongly predicted 2-year death and HFH. MitraClip treatment reduced new-onset ESRD and the need for RRT, contributing to the improved prognosis after TMVr.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Falência Renal Crônica , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Card Fail ; 28(6): 963-972, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041933

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with heart failure (HF) are at an increased risk of hospital admissions. The aim of this report is to describe the feasibility, safety and accuracy of a novel wireless left atrial pressure (LAP) monitoring system in patients with HF. METHODS: The V-LAP Left Atrium Monitoring systEm for Patients With Chronic sysTOlic & Diastolic Congestive heart Failure (VECTOR-HF) study is a prospective, multicenter, single-arm, open-label, first-in human clinical trial to assess the safety, performance and usability of the V-LAP system (Vectorious Medical Technologies) in patients with New York Heart Association class III HF. The device was implanted in the interatrial septum via a percutaneous, trans-septal approach guided by fluoroscopy and echocardiography. Primary endpoints included the successful deployment of the implant, the ability to perform initial pressure measurements and safety outcomes. RESULTS: To date, 24 patients have received implants of the LAP-monitoring device. No device-related complications have occurred. LAP was reported accurately, agreeing well with wedge pressure at 3 months (Lin concordance correlation coefficient = 0.850). After 6 months, New York Heart Association class improved in 40% of the patients (95% CI = 16.4%-63.5%), while the 6-minute walk test distance had not changed significantly (313.9 ± 144.9 vs 232.5 ± 129.9 meters; P = 0.076). CONCLUSION: The V-LAP left atrium monitoring system appears to be safe and accurate.


Assuntos
Pressão Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico
20.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(4): 397-407, 2022 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35093278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of age on outcomes in patients undergoing transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) from the COAPT (Cardiovascular Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for Heart Failure Patients with Functional Mitral Regurgitation) trial. BACKGROUND: In the COAPT trial, TEER with the MitraClip device in patients with heart failure (HF) and moderate to severe or severe secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) reduced the risk for HF hospitalization (HFH) and all-cause mortality compared with maximally tolerated guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) alone. There are limited data regarding the effectiveness of MitraClip therapy in elderly patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 614) were grouped by median age at randomization (74 years) and by MitraClip treatment vs GDMT alone. The primary endpoint was the 2-year rate of death or HFH assessed by multivariable Cox regression. RESULTS: Death or HFH within 2 years occurred less frequently after treatment with the MitraClip vs GDMT alone in patients <74 years of age (37.3% vs 64.5%; adjusted HR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.29-0.59) and ≥74 years of age (51.7% vs 69.6%; adjusted HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.42-0.81) (Pint = 0.17). Mortality was also consistently reduced with MitraClip treatment in young and elderly patients (Pint = 0.42). In contrast, elderly patients treated with the MitraClip vs GDMT alone tended to have a lesser reduction of HFH than younger patients (Pint = 0.03). Younger and older patients had similar improvements in quality of life after treatment with the MitraClip compared with GDMT alone. CONCLUSIONS: In the COAPT trial, MitraClip treatment of moderate to severe and severe SMR reduced the composite risk for death or HFH and improved survival and quality of life regardless of age. As such, young and elderly patients with HF and severe SMR benefit from TEER, although elderly patients may not have as great a benefit from the MitraClip device in reducing HFH.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Idoso , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
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