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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the prevalence of cavitated dental caries and oral health literacy (OHL), family characteristics and sociodemographic factors in early adolescence. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 740 twelve-year-old students. The students' guardians provided information on sociodemographic data, and the students provided information on family characteristics and OHL. Two trained dentists examined the participants for dental caries and administered the Brazilian version of the Rapid Estimate of Oral Health Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30). Control variables were selected using a directed acyclic graph. Descriptive analysis was performed; this was followed by robust Poisson regression analysis for complex samples to evaluate the association between dental caries and socioeconomic and family predictors (α = 5%). RESULTS: The following variables were associated with a greater number of cavitated caries lesions: low level of education completed by the mother (RR = 1.58; 95% CI: 1.12-2.24), less privileged social class (RR = 1.89; 95% CI: 1.28-2.80), non-White ethnicity (RR = 1.64; 95% CI: 1.0-2.48), larger number of residents in the home (RR = 1.87; 95% CI: 1.25-2.81), low level of OHL (RR = 2.02; 95% CI: 1.28-3.18), and the 'connected' (RR = 4.72; 95% CI: 1.17-18.90), 'separated' (RR = 4.09; 95% CI: 1.05-15.86) and 'disengaged' (RR = 4.20; 95% CI: 1.09-16.18) types of family cohesion. CONCLUSIONS: A low level of oral health literacy, sociodemographic factors, and a low level of family cohesion are predictors of cavitated caries lesions in early adolescence.

2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4305-4312, nov. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039499

RESUMO

Abstract This study aimed to explore the association between use and need of dental prostheses to the quality of life in elderly individuals in a Referral Center for Elderly Care in the northeastern of Brazil. A cross-sectional study was developed with 199 elderlies of both sexes. Data were collected from clinical examinations (WHO criteria) and a questionnaire regarding socioeconomic status, Oral Health Impact Profile index (OHIP-14) by a single calibrated examiner with Kappa = 0.91. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney test, Poisson regression (p<0,05). The sample consisted of 84.9% women, mean age of 70.02 (sd±6.50) years. There was an independent association between quality of life and the covariates sex and need of dental prostheses. Men showed lower values of the score (PR = 0.734, p = 0.011) than women. Individuals without normative need for dental prostheses showed lower values of OHIP-14 (PR = 0.767; p = 0.003) than those in need.


Resumo O objetivo desse estudo foi verificar a associação entre o uso e a necessidade de prótese dentária e qualidade de vida em idosos de um Centro de Referência de Atenção ao Idoso no Nordeste do Brasil. Um estudo transversal foi desenvolvido com a participação de 199 idosos de ambos os sexos. Os dados clínicos foram coletados conforme a Organização Mundial de Saúde, através de exames clínicos e questionário sobre dados socioeconômicos, índice Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), por um examinador previamente treinado (kappa=0,91). Os dados foram analisados pelo Mann-Whitney, regressão de Poisson (p>0,05). A amostra consistiu de 84,9% de mulheres, com idade média de 70,02 (dp±6,50) anos. Houve associação independente entre a qualidade de vida e as covariáveis sexo e necessidade de prótese. Idosos do sexo masculino apresentaram menores valores do escore (RP=0,734; p=0,011) do que as mulheres. Indivíduos sem necessidade normativa de prótese dentária apresentaram menores valores do OHIP-14 (RP=0,767; p=0,003) do que aqueles com necessidade.

3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(11): 4305-4312, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664402

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the association between use and need of dental prostheses to the quality of life in elderly individuals in a  Referral Center for Elderly Care in the northeastern of Brazil. A cross-sectional study was developed with 199 elderlies of both sexes. Data were collected from clinical examinations (WHO criteria) and a questionnaire regarding socioeconomic status, Oral Health Impact Profile index (OHIP-14) by a single calibrated examiner with Kappa = 0.91. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney test, Poisson regression (p<0,05). The sample consisted of 84.9% women, mean age of 70.02 (sd±6.50) years. There was an independent association between quality of life and the covariates sex and need of dental prostheses. Men showed lower values of the score (PR = 0.734, p = 0.011) than women. Individuals without normative need for dental prostheses showed lower values of OHIP-14 (PR = 0.767; p = 0.003) than those in need.

4.
Braz Dent J ; 30(5): 519-522, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596337

RESUMO

The study aimed to identify the changes in the provision of dental prosthetics procedures in the Brazilian primary care. Secondary data from the Brazilian "National Programme for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care" was assessed and three similar questions related to dental prostheses execution that were answered by the same 9,698 oral health teams, in 2011/2012 and 2013/2014, were compared. There was a 4.3% increase in the number of teams that identified individuals with prosthetic needs; a 0.8% increase in the number of teams that performed impression for prosthetic purposes; and the number of teams that reported performing dental prostheses consultations increased by 0.6%. Overall, there was a small modification in the number of teams that provided dental prosthesis procedures in Brazil.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Prótese Dentária , Brasil , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Atenção Primária à Saúde
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(5): 519-522, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039142

RESUMO

Abstract The study aimed to identify the changes in the provision of dental prosthetics procedures in the Brazilian primary care. Secondary data from the Brazilian "National Programme for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care" was assessed and three similar questions related to dental prostheses execution that were answered by the same 9,698 oral health teams, in 2011/2012 and 2013/2014, were compared. There was a 4.3% increase in the number of teams that identified individuals with prosthetic needs; a 0.8% increase in the number of teams that performed impression for prosthetic purposes; and the number of teams that reported performing dental prostheses consultations increased by 0.6%. Overall, there was a small modification in the number of teams that provided dental prosthesis procedures in Brazil.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar as mudanças na oferta de procedimentos de prótese dentária na atenção primária no Brasil. Dados secundários do "Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica" foram acessados. Foram avaliadas três questões semelhantes, relativas a confecção de próteses dentáriass e respondidas pelas mesmas 9.708 Equipes de Saúde Bucal do Sistema Único de Saúde, em 2011/2012 e 2013/2014 .A análise estatística foi realizada, onde as respostas dos diferentes ciclos de avaliação foram comparadas. Houve um aumento de 4,3% no número de equipes que identificavam necessidade de prótese dentária; um aumento de 0,8% no número de equipes que realizaram moldagem com finalidade protética; o número de equipes que realizavam consulta de retorno para avaliação da prótese aumentou 0,6%. De um modo geral, houve uma pequena modificação no número de equipes que ofertavam prótese dentária no Brasil.

6.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 27(3): 338-344, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039443

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução O uso de psicotrópicos por cirurgiões-dentistas é permitido por lei no Brasil para casos clínicos específicos. São poucos os estudos sobre a sua utilização na odontologia. Objetivo Este estudo investigou a prescrição de psicotrópicos por cirurgiões-dentistas inscritos no Conselho Regional de Minas Gerais e seu conhecimento sobre a Portaria 344/1998. Método Foram enviados aos 15.250 cirurgiões-dentistas um questionário eletrônico com 13 questões abordando a prescrição de psicotrópicos, e foram respondidos 969 questionários. Foram estudados: o tempo de formado, tipo de instituição de graduação, tipo de pós-graduação, medicamentos mais prescritos, conhecimento sobre a Portaria 344/1998 e público mais frequente que recebe a prescrição. Resultados 257 profissionais prescrevem psicotrópicos e 223 conhecem a legislação. Um preocupante percentual de profissionais que prescreve esses medicamentos não conhece o teor da Portaria 344/1998. Os analgésicos opioides são os medicamentos mais prescritos. Os especialistas são os que mais prescrevem psicotrópicos (p=0,015), e aqueles que prescrevem ansiolíticos conhecem a legislação com maior frequência (p=0,003). Os cirurgiões bucomaxilofaciais (p=0,02) e os especialistas em distúrbios da articulação temporomandibular (0,03) são os que mais conhecem a legislação e prescrevem medicação psicotrópica. A dor forte e o medo são as duas principais razões para a prescrição. Conclusão Ser especialista e conhecer a Portaria 344/1998 são fatores associados à prescrição de psicotrópicos entre cirurgiões-dentistas.


Abstract Background The use of psychotropics by dental surgeons is permitted by law in Brazil for specific clinical cases. There are few studies on its use in dentistry. Objective This study investigated the prescription of psychotropics drugs by dentists enrolled in the Regional Council of Minas Gerais and their knowledge about regulatory ordinance 344/1998. Method An electronic questionnaire with 13 questions addressing the prescription of psychotropic drugs was sent to 15250 dental surgeons and 969 questionnaires were answered. It was considered the time of graduation, type of undergraduate institution, type of postgraduate course, more frequent prescribed medication, knowledge about ordinance 344/1998 and more frequent public that receives the prescription. Results Two hundred and fifty-seven professionals prescribe psychotropic drugs and 223 know the law, and a worrying percentage of professionals who prescribe these drugs does not know the content of the Ordinance 344/1998. Opioid analgesics are the most prescribed psychotropic medications. Specialists are the ones who prescribe psychotropic drugs (p=0.015) and those professionals who prescribe anxiolytics know the legislation more frequently (p=0.003). The maxillofacial surgeons (p=0.02) and experts in disorders of the temporomandibular jaw joint (0.03) are the ones who know the law and prescribe psychotropic medication. Strong pain and fear are the two main reasons for prescribing psychotropic drugs. Conclusion Being a specialist and knowing the ordinance 344/1998 are factors associated with the prescription of psychotropic medications among dentists.

7.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e076, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432927

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of opioid analgesics prescribed by Brazilian dentists, potential regional differences and their association with socioeconomic and health-related factors. Data for all opioid prescriptions by dentists was obtained from the 2012 database of the National Controlled Substances Management System, regulated by the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency. The number of defined daily doses (DDD) and DDDs per 1,000 inhabitants per day for each Brazilian state were calculated as the primary outcomes. DDDs were compared by regions and Brazilian states. Spearman's rho correlation coefficient was used to determine the influence of the states' characteristics, such as the Human Development Index; poverty; education; number of dentists per 100,000 inhabitants; visit to the dentist; dental care plan; good or very good oral health; number of pharmaceutical establishments per 100,000/inhabitants; and ability to get all prescribed medications. Data analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0. A total of 141,161 prescriptions for opioids analgesics by 36,929 dentists were recorded, corresponding to 658,855 doses of opioids dispensed in 2012. The most commonly dispensed opioids were codeine associated with paracetamol (83.2%; n = 117,493). The national DDDs per 1,000 inhabitants per day was 0.0093 (range: 0.0002-0.0216). DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day was positively associated to visits to dentists (rs = 0.630; P < 0.001) and inversely associated to poverty (rs = -0.624; p = 0.001). There are significant differences in opioid prescriptions in dentistry among the Brazilian states. These differences may be associated with non-clinical factors.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Acetaminofen/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Codeína/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Farmácias/estatística & dados numéricos , Valores de Referência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Tramadol/uso terapêutico
8.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273569

RESUMO

The aim of this triple-blind randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of diode laser during circumvestibular incisions for Le Fort I osteotomy in orthognathic surgeries in comparison with conventional techniques using electrocautery and scalpel. Patients were randomly allocated to one of three groups based on the technique employed to perform incisions: diode laser, electrocautery, and scalpel. The parameters used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of diode laser were incision velocity, duration of surgery, bleeding rate, alterations in postoperative functions, pain, edema, wound clinical healing, and infection. Thirty patients were enrolled in the study (10 per group). Regarding bleeding, the incisions performed with diode laser promoted a lower bleeding rate compared with scalpel and electrocautery (p = 0.00). The diode surgical laser was effective during the incision procedure, but required a longer time to perform the incisions compared with the other techniques evaluated (p < 0.05). No statistically significant difference was detected between groups regarding total surgical time or other safety parameters (p > 0.05). Thus, diode laser proved to be effective and safer during circumvestibular incisions for Le Fort I osteotomy than conventional devices.

9.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 48(9): 799-802, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353534

RESUMO

Central giant cell lesion of the jaws (CGCLJ) is a destructive condition that shows a varied and unpredictable biological behaviour. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate factors associated with the recurrence of CGCLJ. Based on the data of a previous systematic review of 2270 cases of CGCLJ, we used the multiple imputation to deal with the missing data. The dependent variable was the recurrence after the first treatment (yes/no). The dichotomic covariates were sex, upper or lower jaw location, size (up to or larger than 4 cm), pain, cortical bone perforation (yes/no), locularity (uni-/multilocular), tooth displacement (yes/no), treatment type (curettage or enucleation) and root resorption (yes/no). The final logistic model indicated that the tumours associated with tooth displacement, root resorption and treated with curettage had a more significant chance of recurrence. In conclusion, our study suggests that tooth displacement, root resorption and the type of treatment are potentially useful in the future construction of an algorithm for patient's treatment.


Assuntos
Células Gigantes , Curetagem , Granuloma de Células Gigantes , Humanos , Mandíbula , Recidiva
10.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(5): 1915-1923, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166524

RESUMO

Missed appointments have a great economic, social and administrative impact on the management of public health services. This research aimed to study factors associated with non-attendance to the first appointments of pediatric patients in secondary dental care services in the city of Curitiba, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was performed using secondary data from the electronic health records of the Curitiba Municipal Secretary of Health. The study included all children (0-12 years) referred to secondary dental clinics in the years 2010 to 2013. Data were analyzed by the chi-square test and Pearson linear trend chi-square (α = 0.05). Binary logistic regression models were built. Data from 1,663 children were assessed and the prevalence of non-attendance was 28.3%. The variables associated with the non-attendance in inferential analysis (p < 0.05) and in the final model were the household income per capita (95% CI: 1.93-2.82) and the waiting time in virtual queue (95% CI: 1.000-1.002). Socioeconomic aspects and the waiting time in virtual queue, should be considered in the strategic planning of health services as they may influence the attendance of pediatric patients in secondary dental referral service.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Pacientes não Comparecentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Listas de Espera , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Atenção Secundária à Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 145, 2019 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individuals diagnosed with a rare genetic disease that affects skeletal development often have physical limitations and orofacial problems that exert an impact on oral health. The aim of the present study was to analyze the possible vulnerability to dental caries in individuals with rare genetic diseases that affect skeletal development. METHODS: A paired cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 140 individuals [70 with rare genetic diseases affecting skeletal development: mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) (n = 29) and osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) (n = 41) and 70 without rare diseases] and their parents/caregivers. The participants in the first group were recruited from two reference hospitals specialized in rare genetic diseases in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. All participants were examined for the evaluation of breathing type, malocclusion, dental anomalies, oral hygiene and dental caries. The parents/caregivers answered a structured questionnaire addressing the individual/behavioral characteristics and medical/dental history of the participants. Statistical analysis involved the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis for the dependent variable (dental caries) (α = 5%). This study received approval from the Human Research Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. RESULTS: The mean age of the individuals was 10.34 ± 6.55 years (median: 9.50 years). Individuals with inadequate oral hygiene were 4.70-fold more likely to have dental caries (95% CI: 2.13-10.40) and those with the rare genetic diseases (MPS/OI) were 2.92-fold more likely to have dental caries (95% CI: 1.38-6.17). CONCLUSION: Individuals with inadequate oral hygiene and those with MPS and OI had a greater chance of belonging to the group with dental caries. Based on the present findings, individuals with the rare genetic diseases may be considered vulnerable to caries.

12.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 27(2): 341-349, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1013391

RESUMO

Resumo Por meio de pesquisa qualitativa, este trabalho buscou identificar as percepções de estudantes de medicina sobre o ensino da ética na graduação. Foram entrevistados 24 alunos de universidade pública e realizada análise categorial temática, preservando o anonimato das informações por códigos. Duas categorias foram destacadas. A primeira expõe a importância da reflexão sobre a complexidade do processo ensino-aprendizagem. Nela, entrevistados relatam a desvalorização e dissociação do ensino de ética em relação à prática, ressaltando a necessidade de qualificação dos docentes. A segunda categoria apresenta sugestões, como aprofundar e exigir o conteúdo em humanidades durante todo o curso. Conclui-se que, para qualificar o ensino de ética, é preciso criar mais oportunidades de interação entre educadores e estudantes, favorecendo assim a construção do conhecimento e o reconhecimento da abrangência dos problemas identificados. Dessa forma, o processo de ensino-aprendizagem aperfeiçoaria o indivíduo ao desenvolver a dimensão ética necessária aos profissionais de saúde.


Abstract This study sought to identify the perceptions of medical students regarding the teaching of ethics in undergraduate courses. It is a qualitative approach research which interviewed 24 public university students. Thematic categorical analysis was carried out, preserving the anonymity of the information by the use of alphanumeric codes. Two categories of analysis were highlighted. The first describes perceptions regarding ethics teaching, showing that it is necessary to reflect on the complexity of the teaching-learning process. There are perceptions of devalued education, dissociated from the practice and highlighting the need for the qualification of educators. The second category presents suggestions for the teaching of ethics, among them, to deepen and demand the humanities content throughout the course. To qualify the teaching of ethics, it is necessary to provide interactive and participative moments, between educators and students, that favor the knowledge and comprehensiveness of the problems identified. Thus, the teaching-learning process leads to the improvement of the individual, by contributing to improve the ethical dimension required for health professionals.


Resumen Por medio de una investigación cualitativa, este trabajo identificó las percepciones de los estudiantes de medicina sobre la enseñanza de la ética en la carrera de grado. Se entrevistó a 24 estudiantes de una universidad pública y se realizó un análisis categorial temático, preservando el anonimato de las informaciones mediante códigos. Se destacaron dos categorías de análisis. La primera, expone la importancia de la reflexión sobre la complejidad del proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje. En ella, los entrevistados relatan la desvalorización y la disociación de la enseñanza de ética en relación con la práctica, resaltando la necesidad de cualificación de los docentes. La segunda categoría analítica presenta sugerencias, como profundizar y exigir contenido de humanidades durante toda la carrera. Se concluye que, para cualificar la enseñanza de la ética, se hace necesario crear más oportunidades de interacción entre educadores y estudiantes, favoreciendo así la construcción del conocimiento y el reconocimiento del alcance de los problemas identificados. De esta forma, el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, impactaría en el perfeccionamiento del individuo al desarrollar la dimensión ética necesaria para los profesionales de salud.

13.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217738, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145771

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the primary care services carried out by Oral Health Teams (OHTs) in Brazil, and to understand the nuances that lead to different levels of OHT performance. MATERIAL & METHODS: A mixed-methods study with a sequential explanatory design was developed. In the quantitative phase, secondary data from a national survey (PMAQ-AB) was used to describe the work of 12,403 OHTs. Item response theory (IRT) was applied, to evaluate the psychometric qualities of 20 oral health questions from PMAQ-AB and to identify the performance of OHT. The quantitative results guided the selection of the qualitative sample. An extreme case sampling strategy was used (opposite results). OHTs were selected from Belo Horizonte metropolitan region in Brazil using scores measured by IRT. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. Data analysis was conducted using deductive and inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Quantitative results showed that there are OHT with high and low performance in Brazil. The IRT analysis showed that items related to prostheses and oral cancer tend to discriminate high-performance OHTs from other OHTs. Qualitative results deepened the understanding of accessing oral health services and found several access barriers, such as the insufficient number of OHTs for the population, and a very long waiting time for dental consultations other than urgency. The qualitative results confirmed that high-performance OHTs tend to emphasize oral cancer surveillance and deliver prostheses in PHC services. CONCLUSION: Despite the expansion of oral health in PHC in Brazil in recent years, OHTs still face many challenges such as: access barriers; failures in prevention, early diagnosis and follow-up of oral cancer cases; and insufficient rehabilitation with prostheses.

14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(5): 1915-1923, Mai. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001815

RESUMO

Abstract Missed appointments have a great economic, social and administrative impact on the management of public health services. This research aimed to study factors associated with non-attendance to the first appointments of pediatric patients in secondary dental care services in the city of Curitiba, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was performed using secondary data from the electronic health records of the Curitiba Municipal Secretary of Health. The study included all children (0-12 years) referred to secondary dental clinics in the years 2010 to 2013. Data were analyzed by the chi-square test and Pearson linear trend chi-square (α = 0.05). Binary logistic regression models were built. Data from 1,663 children were assessed and the prevalence of non-attendance was 28.3%. The variables associated with the non-attendance in inferential analysis (p < 0.05) and in the final model were the household income per capita (95% CI: 1.93-2.82) and the waiting time in virtual queue (95% CI: 1.000-1.002). Socioeconomic aspects and the waiting time in virtual queue, should be considered in the strategic planning of health services as they may influence the attendance of pediatric patients in secondary dental referral service.


Resumo O não comparecimento a consultas tem um grande impacto no gerenciamento dos serviços de saúde pública. O objetivo foi avaliar os fatores associados ao não comparecimento às primeiras consultas de pacientes pediátricos nos serviços de atenção secundária em saúde bucal na cidade de Curitiba, Brasil. Um estudo transversal foi desenvolvido com dados secundários obtidos de cadastros eletrônicos da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Curitiba. Participaram crianças de 0 a 12 anos de idade encaminhadas para atenção secundária nos anos de 2010 a 2013. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de qui-quadrado de Pearson e qui-quadrado de tendência linear (α = 0,05). Foram constituídos modelos de regressão logística binária. Foram analisados os dados de 1.663 crianças. A prevalência de não comparecimento às primeiras consultas foi de 28,3%. As variáveis que estiveram associadas ao não comparecimento na análise inferencial (p < 0,05) e no modelo final foram a renda per capita familiar (95% CI: 1,93-2,82) e o tempo de espera em fila virtual (95% CI: 1,000-1,002). Aspectos econômicos e o tempo de espera em fila virtual devem ser considerados no planejamento estratégico dos serviços públicos de saúde bucal, pois podem influenciar o comparecimento de pacientes na atenção secundária.

15.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215429, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998795

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study evaluated the management and organisation of primary dental care in Brazil. For this purpose, data from the National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care (PMAQ-AB) were used. Dentists from 18,114 Oral Health Teams (OHTs) answered a structured questionnaire in 2014. The data were analyzed descriptively and by cluster analysis. Half the Brazilian OHTs (51.0%) undertake planning and programming of activities. The majority of OHTs (66.4%) conducted monitoring and analysis of indicators and oral health information. The majority of OHTs had performed some self-evaluation process in the last 6 months (67.5%) and utilised self-evaluation results for planning and programming actions (71.4%). The OHTs grouped in Cluster 1 demonstrated better management organisation, followed by the teams grouped in Cluster 2. In the Brazilian macro-regions, the more OHTs were grouped in Cluster 1 in the Southeast (87.5%), Northeast (85.4%) and South (82.7%) regions. The majority of OHTs have satisfactory management and organisation. However, some need improvement, mainly in planning and programming actions based on health indicators and self-evaluation. All Brazilian OHTs need to participate in PMAQ-AB and it is important to continue evaluating the data to improve oral health care.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Assistência Odontológica , Saúde Bucal , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Odontólogos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
16.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 27(1): 86-92, jan.-mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-989541

RESUMO

Introdução A definição de parâmetros assistenciais é de relevância para a execução de ações de saúde pública. Objetivo Descrever um percurso para elaboração de parâmetros de produção e de cobertura para endodontia e periodontia. Método Parâmetros de cobertura foram calculados a partir das necessidades normativas identificadas no levantamento epidemiológico de saúde bucal em Minas Gerais. Parâmetros de produção per capita foram calculados a partir das necessidades normativas, dos dados de produção do SIA/SUS e da capacidade instalada nos serviços. A análise foi desenvolvida no módulo Complex Samples do Programa SPSS. Resultados 6,2% (IC 95% 5,2%-7,3%) e 2,9% (IC 95% 2,2%-3,9%) dos indivíduos apresentavam, pelo menos, uma necessidade de tratamento endodôntico e periodontal, respectivamente. Em relação à produção, tanto a capacidade potencial de produção dos serviços especializados quanto a produção média registrada no SIA/SUS são muito inferiores às necessidades normativas globais da população. Conclusão A endodontia apresentou cobertura populacional e média de procedimentos maiores do que a periodontia. Os parâmetros de cobertura populacional podem ser utilizados para a organização dos serviços.


Background The definition of care parameters is relevant to the implementation of public health actions. Objective Describe a methodologic route for the elaboration of parameters on population coverage and production in endodontics and periodontics. Method Coverage parameters were calculated from the normative needs identified in the epidemiological survey of oral health in Minas Gerais. Production parameters were calculated based on normative requirements, SIA/SUS production data and installed capacity in the services. The analysis was developed in the Complex Samples module of the SPSS Program. Results 6.2% (95% CI 5.2%-7.3%) and 2.9% (CI 95% 2.2%-3.9%) needed endodontic and periodontal treatment, respectively. Both the potential production capacity of the specialized services and the average production recorded in the SIA/SUS were much lower than the overall normative needs of the population. Conclusion Endodontics presented a population coverage and average of procedures greater than that of periodontics. Population coverage parameters can be used to organize services.


Assuntos
Humanos
17.
J Public Health Dent ; 79(2): 154-159, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30716163

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the development stage of the oral health care network of the Brazilian Unified Health System in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study was conducted with 205 municipal oral health coordinators from the state. Data collection was carried out through a validated questionnaire to analyze the state of development of the oral health care network. Descriptive and cluster analysis were performed, and two clusters were generated. RESULTS: The total median score of the questionnaires classified Minas Gerais as a state with incipient oral health care networks and a minimal capacity to operate such networks, reflected in the predominance of cluster 1 in the sample. There was no statistical association between age, time since graduation, and time spent working as a coordinator and the clusters (Mann-Whitney test). The coordinators' gender and educational level were also not statistically associated with the clusters (Pearson's chi-square and Fisher's exact, respectively). CONCLUSION: There is a great need to improve the organization of services of the oral health care network in Minas Gerais. This can be done through improvements in its operational structure, as well as investment in management training.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 14(41): e1900, fev. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-986718

RESUMO

Objetivo: Avaliar a Atenção Básica quanto aos insumos, imunobiológicos e medicamentos disponibilizados nos serviços de saúde da família de município de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de pesquisa transversal, analítica, conduzida em 2014, a partir de instrumento ministerial intitulado Autoavaliação para Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica, de equipes de saúde da família. Oito itens foram considerados, com valores entre zero a 10 pontos, da total inadequação à total adequação da Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS), ao item avaliado. Classificaram-se as unidades em padrões de qualidade "muito insatisfatório" a "muito satisfatório" e analisou-se conforme localização rural e urbana, nível de significância p<0,05. Resultados: Participaram 75 equipes, que apresentaram expressiva inadequação nos itens: UBS dispor todas as vacinas exigidas no calendário básico, 5,95 (±4,003); possuir insumos e medicamentos para abordagem inicial de urgência/emergência, 2,33 (±2,500); apresentar os medicamentos básicos com regularidade, 3,68 (±3,146). A classificação foi regular para 45,3% das unidades e insatisfatória para 29,3%, sem diferenças quanto à localização urbana ou rural (p=0,479). Conclusão: Evidenciou-se avaliação insatisfatória, com inadequações relativas às vacinas, à abordagem inicial nas situações de urgência e emergência e à disponibilidade dos medicamentos. Tal situação prejudica o elenco de ações e a resolutividade dos serviços, afetando a capacidade da equipe para atender, efetivamente, as demandas de saúde da população


Objective: To evaluate the Basic Care regarding the supplies, immunobiologicals and medicines available in the family health services of the municipality of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional, analytical research, conducted in 2014, from a ministerial instrument titled Self-Assessment for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care, of family health teams. Eight items were considered, with values between zero and 10 points, of the total inadequacy to the total adequacy of the Basic Health Unit (UBS), to the evaluated item. The units were classified in quality standards "very unsatisfactory" to "very satisfactory" and analyzed according to rural and urban locations, level of significance p<0.05. Results: 75 teams participated, which presented significant inadequacy in the items: UBS dispose of all the vaccines required in the basic calendar, 5.95 (±4.003); to have supplies and medicines for the initial emergency/emergency approach, 2.33 (±2.500); presenting the basic medicines regularly, 3.68 (±3.146). The classification was regular for 45.3% of the units and unsatisfactory to 29.3%, without differences in urban or rural locations (p=0.479). Conclusion: There was an unsatisfactory evaluation, with inadequacies related to vaccines, the initial approach in emergency and emergency situations and the availability of medicines. Such a situation undermines the list of actions and the resolution of services, affecting the capacity of the team to effectively meet the population's health demands.


Objetivo: Evaluar la Atención Básica en cuanto a los insumos, inmunobiológicos y medicamentos disponibles en los servicios de salud de la familia del municipio de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Métodos: Se trata de investigación transversal, analítica, conducida en 2014, a partir de instrumento ministerial titulado Autoevaluación para la mejora del acceso y de la calidad de la atención básica, de los equipos de salud de la familia. Se consideraron ocho ítems, con valores entre cero y diez puntos, de la total inadecuación a la total adecuación de la Unidad Básica de Salud (UBS), al ítem evaluado. Se clasificaron las unidades en estándares de calidad "muy insatisfactorio" a "muy satisfactorio" y se analizó según ubicación rural y urbana, nivel de significancia p<0,05. Resultados: Participaron 75 equipos, que presentaron expresiva inadecuación en los ítems: UBS disponer todas las vacunas requeridas en el calendario básico, 5,95 (±4,003); poseer insumos y medicamentos para el enfoque inicial de urgencia/emergencia, 2,33 (±2,500); presentar los medicamentos básicos con regularidad, 3,68 (±3,146). La clasificación fue regular para el 45,3% de las unidades e insatisfactoria para el 29,3%, sin diferencias en cuanto a la ubicación urbana o rural (p=0,479). Conclusión: Se evidenció una evaluación insatisfactoria, con inadecuaciones relativas a las vacunas, al abordaje inicial en las situaciones de urgencia y emergencia y a la disponibilidad de los medicamentos. Tal situación perjudica el elenco de acciones y la resolutividad de los servicios, afectando la capacidad del equipo para atender efectivamente las demandas de salud de la población.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Avaliação em Saúde , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Insumos Farmacêuticos , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e076, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019609

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of opioid analgesics prescribed by Brazilian dentists, potential regional differences and their association with socioeconomic and health-related factors. Data for all opioid prescriptions by dentists was obtained from the 2012 database of the National Controlled Substances Management System, regulated by the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency. The number of defined daily doses (DDD) and DDDs per 1,000 inhabitants per day for each Brazilian state were calculated as the primary outcomes. DDDs were compared by regions and Brazilian states. Spearman's rho correlation coefficient was used to determine the influence of the states' characteristics, such as the Human Development Index; poverty; education; number of dentists per 100,000 inhabitants; visit to the dentist; dental care plan; good or very good oral health; number of pharmaceutical establishments per 100,000/inhabitants; and ability to get all prescribed medications. Data analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0. A total of 141,161 prescriptions for opioids analgesics by 36,929 dentists were recorded, corresponding to 658,855 doses of opioids dispensed in 2012. The most commonly dispensed opioids were codeine associated with paracetamol (83.2%; n = 117,493). The national DDDs per 1,000 inhabitants per day was 0.0093 (range: 0.0002-0.0216). DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day was positively associated to visits to dentists (rs = 0.630; P < 0.001) and inversely associated to poverty (rs = -0.624; p = 0.001). There are significant differences in opioid prescriptions in dentistry among the Brazilian states. These differences may be associated with non-clinical factors.

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