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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299206

RESUMO

Despite the intensive investigation of the molecular mechanism of skeletal muscle hypertrophy, the underlying signaling processes are not completely understood. Therefore, we used an overload model, in which the main synergist muscles (gastrocnemius, soleus) of the plantaris muscle were surgically removed, to cause a significant overload in the remaining plantaris muscle of 8-month-old Wistar male rats. SIRT1-associated pro-anabolic, pro-catabolic molecular signaling pathways, NAD and H2S levels of this overload-induced hypertrophy were studied. Fourteen days of overload resulted in a significant 43% (p < 0.01) increase in the mass of plantaris muscle compared to sham operated animals. Cystathionine-ß-synthase (CBS) activities and bioavailable H2S levels were not modified by overload. On the other hand, overload-induced hypertrophy of skeletal muscle was associated with increased SIRT1 (p < 0.01), Akt (p < 0.01), mTOR, S6 (p < 0.01) and suppressed sestrin 2 levels (p < 0.01), which are mostly responsible for anabolic signaling. Decreased FOXO1 and SIRT3 signaling (p < 0.01) suggest downregulation of protein breakdown and mitophagy. Decreased levels of NAD+, sestrin2, OGG1 (p < 0.01) indicate that the redox milieu of skeletal muscle after 14 days of overloading is reduced. The present investigation revealed novel cellular interactions that regulate anabolic and catabolic processes in the hypertrophy of skeletal muscle.


Assuntos
Cistationina beta-Sintase/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Animais , Hipertrofia/genética , Hipertrofia/metabolismo , Hipertrofia/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas/genética , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Sirtuínas/genética , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
2.
Int J Cancer ; 146(1): 85-93, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180577

RESUMO

The Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib is inducing durable responses in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients with refractory/relapsed disease or with TP53 defect, with BTK and phospholipase C gamma 2 (PLCG2) mutations representing the predominant mechanisms conferring secondary ibrutinib resistance. To understand the landscape of genomic changes and the dynamics of subclonal architecture associated with ibrutinib treatment, an ultra-deep next-generation sequencing analysis of 30 recurrently mutated genes was performed on sequential samples of 20 patients, collected before and during single-agent ibrutinib treatment. Mutations in the SF3B1, MGAand BIRC3 genes were enriched during ibrutinib treatment, while aberrations in the BTK, PLCG2, RIPK1, NFKBIE and XPO1 genes were exclusively detected in posttreatment samples. Besides the canonical mutations, four novel BTK mutations and three previously unreported PLCG2 variants were identified. BTK and PLCG2 mutations were backtracked in five patients using digital droplet PCR and were detectable on average 10.5 months before clinical relapse. With a median follow-up time of 36.5 months, 7/9 patients harboring BTK mutations showed disease progression based on clinical and/or laboratory features. In conclusion, subclonal heterogeneity, dynamic clonal selection and various patterns of clonal variegation were identified with novel resistance-associated BTK mutations in individual patients treated with ibrutinib.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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