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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4297-4305, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039507

RESUMO

Abstract The use of new technologies can improve screening in communities with difficult access to health. This article aims to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and agreement of a point of care test in comparison to laboratory methods for the determination of glucose (GLI), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) concentrations. This prospective study used data from the remaining adult population of quilombolas in Brazil. Laboratory tests using conventional methods for the analysis of venipuncture samples were used as a standard method to measure the concentrations of GLI (mg/dL), TG (mg/dL), and TC (mg/dL) and compared to the metered dose from the collection of fingertip capillary blood (point of care). Contingency tables (2x2) were used to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the methods. Lin and Bland & Altman coefficients were used to statistically assess agreement, the level of significance was 5%. There was substantial agreement between the methods for measuring TG and poor agreement for of TC and GLI. Analysis of the Bland & Altman coefficients revealed that the fingertip method did not produce good measures. The point of care method did not offer a good ability to measure compared to that of the reference laboratory method.


Resumo O uso de novas tecnologias pode melhorar o screening em comunidades de difícil acesso à saúde. O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a sensibilidade, especificidade e concordância do teste de point of care em comparação com método laboratorial para dosagem de Glicose (GLI), Triglicerídeo (TG) e Colesterol total (CT). Estudo prospectivo com dados de população de adultos remanescentes de quilombolas no Brasil. Exames laboratoriais convencionais para análise foram obtidos por venopunção, utilizados como método padrão para mensuração das concentrações de GLI (mg/dL), TG (mg/dL) e CT (mg/dL) e comparados a mensuração por meio de técnica de ponta de dedo (point of care). Tabelas de contingência (2x2) foram utilizadas para estimar sensibilidade e especificidade dos métodos e o coeficiente de Lin e análises de Bland & Altman foram métodos de concordância com nível de significância de 5%. Houve concordância substancial entre os métodos para mensuração de TG e fraca concordância para mensuração de CT e GLI. Os coeficientes de Bland & Altman indicam que o método de ponta de dedo não apresentou boa mensuração. O método point of care não apresentou boa capacidade de mensuração de Glicose, Triglicerídeo e Colesterol total tendo como referência o método laboratorial.

2.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(11): 4297-4305, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664401

RESUMO

The use of new technologies can improve screening in communities with difficult access to health. This article aims to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and agreement of a point of care test in comparison to laboratory methods for the determination of glucose (GLI), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) concentrations. This prospective study used data from the remaining adult population of quilombolas in Brazil. Laboratory tests using conventional methods for the analysis of venipuncture samples were used as a standard method to measure the concentrations of GLI (mg/dL), TG (mg/dL), and TC (mg/dL) and compared to the metered dose from the collection of fingertip capillary blood (point of care). Contingency tables (2x2) were used to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the methods. Lin and Bland & Altman coefficients were used to statistically assess agreement, the level of significance was 5%. There was substantial agreement between the methods for measuring TG and poor agreement for of TC and GLI. Analysis of the Bland & Altman coefficients revealed that the fingertip method did not produce good measures. The point of care method did not offer a good ability to measure compared to that of the reference laboratory method.

3.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e1166, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596339

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and acceptability of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among health professionals from western Amazonia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Sistema Assistencial è Saúde da Mulher e da Criança (Health Care System for Women and Children; SASMC) in Acre, Brazil, in 2017. The participants comprised 196 health professionals. The data collection instrument contained 31 questions about HPV, its clinical repercussions for women, and the HPV vaccine. Quantitative variables were presented as medians and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. For the analyses, chi-square tests and Mann-Whitney tests were used. The collected data were analyzed using Stata®11.0. RESULTS: Of the 196 health professionals, 39.8% (n=76) were physicians and 61.2% (n=120) were other health professionals. The interviewees were mostly female (n=143, 73%, 95% CI 66.1 to 78.9%) who worked in the medical field (n=81, 41.3%, 95% CI 34.4 to 48.6%), and the median age was 38 years (95% CI 36.0 to 39.7). Physicians had increased knowledge regarding only the statement "cervical cancer is one of the main causes of cancer in women", with a proportion ratio of 0.88 (0.80; 0.97) and p<0.001. Regarding clinical knowledge of the HPV vaccine, a low proportion of correct answers was obtained for all the questions, and no significant differences were found between the groups. CONCLUSION: Acceptability and knowledge of HPV and its vaccine were similar among health professionals, with knowledge gaps in questions about the relation between smoking and cervical cancer and specific clinical knowledge.

4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(8)2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412605

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: In pregnancies resulting from incest, the adolescent maintains close family and emotional relations with the aggressor, different from what occurs when pregnancy results from sexual violence by strangers. Evidence indicates that this type of relationship with the aggressor may interfere in the dynamics of such violence and the adolescent's access to health services. Materials and Methods: The objective of this research was to describe and correlate aspects associated with pregnancy when resulting from rape of adolescents in situations of incest; rape when perpetrated by an unknown aggressor and an abortion as allowed by law was sought. Method: A cross-sectional, epidemiological study of adolescents treated at the Pérola Byington Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil, bringing an allegation of pregnancy, resulting from sexual violence and a request for abortion as allowed by law. A total of 311 adolescents, being 134 in the "pregnancy from incest group", and 174 in the group "pregnancies resulting from rape by a stranger" were considered under the study variables; relationships were investigated using the chi-squared test and Poisson regression with robust variance. Results: The study included 137 cases (44.1%) of pregnancy resulting from incest, and 174 cases (55.9%) of pregnancy from rape by a stranger. In cases of incest, a declaration of religion (92.0%) was significantly more frequent, and the adolescents were approached in spaces considered safe or private (92.7%); the aggressor taking advantage of the adolescent's legal condition of vulnerability as a function of age (83.3%). Cases of incest presented a lower median adolescent age and greater gestational development, with gestations being ≥ 13 weeks prevailing. Conclusion: Cases of pregnancy by incest presented indicators suggesting both proximity and relationship with the aggressor, and pregnancy at a very early age, which postponed the adolescent's procurement of health service, and interfered negatively with abortion assistance as allowed by law.


Assuntos
Aborto Legal/estatística & dados numéricos , Incesto/psicologia , Gravidez na Adolescência/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Gravidez
5.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 479, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375121

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze a combination of socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, chronotype, stress perception and level of physical activity with the perception of quality of life in artisanal fishermen. RESULTS: Several variables were associated with lower scores of quality of life domains: workload (P = 0.047), age (P = 0.01), economic class D-E (P = 0.04) and perceived stress scores (P = 0.01) for scores physical domain; workload (P = 0.03) and perceived stress (P < 0.001) for scores psychological domain; Perceived stress (P < 0.001) and age (P = 0.01) for social domain scores; economic class D-E (P = 0.03) and perceived stress (P = 0.01) for environment domain scores; perceived stress (P = 0.01) and age (P = 0.01) for general quality of life scores and; female sex (P = 0.04) and age (P = 0.02) for the score of satisfaction with quality of life.


Assuntos
Pesqueiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pesqueiros/economia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 244, 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension (AH) is an emerging disease that has rapidly increased in the last decades throughout the world. The increase in blood pressure (BP) is observed with growth and development and, although the manifestation of the disease is rare in childhood and adolescence, its occurrence is increasing and the causes are likely to be from different combinations of factors. Afrodescendants have been consistently observed in many populations, including Brazil, which has the largest population of Afrodescendants outside Africa; nevertheless, data is scarce on the disease in children and adolescents. In this study, we investigated BP disorders in children and adolescents of "Quilombola" populations of the state of Tocantins, northern Brazil, and determined the disease occurrence with some factors, namely food consumption, body composition, anthropometric measures, and biochemical data. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study with 67 children aged 10-17 years, comparing the variables studied between the normotensive and non-normotensive groups, using the Chi-square test for qualitative variables and the appropriate tests, according to data adherence to the Gaussian distribution for the quantitative variables. High blood pressure was defined as mean systolic or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 percentile for age, height, gender. RESULTS: The rate of adolescents with BP disorders was 19.4% (prehypertension 14.9% and hypertension 4.5%). There were no significant differences between the sexes for high blood pressure. In the Poisson regression analysis, the high fat percentage was associated with elevated blood pressure (p = 0.021) for adolescents. Similar associations were observed for non-HDL-c (p < 0.001) and low calcium intake (p = 0.015). CONCLUSION: Most children and adolescents in "Quilombola" communities had normal blood pressure. However, higher levels of dyslipidemia and low calcium intake are factors associated with prehypertension in the population studied with high BP.

7.
Syst Rev ; 8(1): 109, 2019 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053175

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute myeloid leukaemia is the most common type of acute leukaemia in the world. Thus, the study of genetic alterations, such as single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), has contributed to a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying leukaemogenesis, to improve the prognosis and to increase the survival of these patients. However, there is no synthesis of evidence in the literature evaluating the quality of evidence and the risk of bias in the studies such that the results can be translated. Thus, this systematic review protocol aims to assess the impact of SNPs on genes involved in the metabolism of cytarabine and anthracyclines with respect to survival, treatment response and toxicity in patients with AML. METHODS: This systematic review protocol is based on PRISMA guidelines and includes searches in six electronic databases, contact with authors, repositories of clinical trials, and cancer research. Studies published in peer-reviewed journals will be included if they meet the eligibility criteria: (a) samples composed of individuals of any age, of both sexes, with a diagnosis of AML, regardless of the time of diagnosis of disease; (b) participants who have undergone or are undergoing cytarabine- and anthracycline-associated chemotherapy or cytarabine-only chemotherapy; and (c) in vivo studies. Studies that include patients with promyelocytic leukaemia (Fab type 3) will be excluded because this disease has different treatment. The process of study selection, data extraction, and evaluation/synthesis will be performed in duplicate. Assessment of methodological quality and risk of bias will be performed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool for randomized clinical studies and the Downs-Black Checklist for cohort and case-control studies. The synthesis of evidence will include the level of evidence based on the GRADE protocol. A meta-analysis of the association between SNPs and outcomes may be performed based on Cochrane guidelines. DISCUSSION: It is expected that clinical decisions for AML patients will consider evidence-based practices to contribute to better patient management. In this way, we will be able to define how to treat patients with AML to improve their survival and quality of life. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42018100750.

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 2962, 2019 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30814591

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyse the time trends of stroke mortality between 1997 and 2012 according to sex in Brazilians aged 15 to 49 years. This ecological study used data obtained from the Mortality Information System, which is available from the National Health System Department of Informatics - DATASUS and maintained by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Stroke definition included International Classification of Disease version 10 (ICD-10) codes I60, I61, I63, and I64. Crude and age-standardized mortality rates and respective 95% confidence intervals were estimated per 100,000 inhabitants and stratified by age, region, year, and sex. Linear regression models were used to analyse the time trends with a confidence level of 95%. The statistical program used was Stata 11.0. Between 1997 and 2012, there were 124,866 deaths due to stroke in Brazilians aged 15 to 49 years. There was a decreasing linear trend in stroke mortality among men (ß = -0.46, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.95) and women (ß = -0.40, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.98) during this period. Overall there was no significant difference in stroke mortality trends by sex, except with respect to the age group of 40 to 49 years where there was a difference in the decrease of stroke mortality between men and women (interaction sex * year: ß = 0.238, p = 0.012, R² = 0.96). Mortality rates decrease significantly over time in men and women in the age group 15 to 49 years old, but there is only significant difference in the decrease of rates by sex only in the age group from 40 to 49 years old.

9.
Metab Syndr Relat Disord ; 17(4): 204-209, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888909

RESUMO

Background: Quilombos are Brazilian communities developed by survivor groups following fight against slavery. They are found in the whole of the Brazilian territory, far from urban centers, living in vulnerable and poor socioeconomic situations and continuously suffering from influence of occidentalization. Based on the hypothesis that the way Quilombolas live may be associated with metabolic syndrome (MS), the objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of MS and to analyze the associated factors in adult residents of Quilombola communities in the northern region of Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted according to the guidelines of the STROBE Statement in five communities of Tocantins. Results: The study investigated 193 individuals who lived for at least 1 year in the communities. The prevalence of MS in this population was 32.12%. There was a higher prevalence of MS or metabolic disorders in women, as well as metabolic profiles related to low high-density lipoprotein and obesity among participants with MS. Conclusion: The prevalence of MS is higher compared with other Quilombola and African communities, indicating an opportunity to improve or develop new programs to reduce MS and metabolic disorders, by making changes in some habits, such as physical activities, because there were differences in metabolic disorders related to the presence of MS.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 4173, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862862

RESUMO

As well as breast cancer mortality, the income inequality in Brazil is different between Federative units, including between units of the same region. To assess the effects of the high-inequality of income on breast cancer mortality in Brazilian Federative Units, in the 2010 year. This is an ecologic study. Deaths from breast cancer in Brazilian women according to Federative units were obtained from the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System. Mortality by breast cancer was estimated per 100,000 women and age-standardized by the direct method according to World Health Organization population. Income inequality was measured by the Gini index obtained from the United Nations Development Programme. The High-inequality of income was classified by the third tercile of the distribution from the Gini index of the Federative units. Univariate analysis was performed according to data normality. Linear regressions were performed by the stepwise backward method. The confidence level was 5%. Stata® (Stata Corp, LC) 11.0. was used. The High-inequality of income was associated with worse social and demographic indicators. The age-standardized breast cancer mortality was larger in the high-inequality of income Federative units. In the adjusted analysis, these Federative units presented a mean of 2 more deaths (ranging from the 0.4 to 3.7 deaths, r² = 0.79; p = 0.018) by breast cancer per 100,000 women when compared to the Federative units without high-inequality of income. In the Brazilian Federative units, the high-inequality of income was associated with age-standardized breast cancer mortality more.

11.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 61, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of sexual maturation status on adiposity indicators of children and adolescents. RESULTS: 2412 individuals participated, 1285 (47.4%) males and 1408 (52.6%) females. There was moderate to weak correlation between age and adiposity indicators for both sexes. By analyzing the relationship between age and body fat indexes adjusted for Sexual Maturation Status, several changes were observed, mainly in girls. Precocious maturation was associated with increased adiposity indicators in girls, whereas late maturation was associated with decreased adiposity indicators in both sexes. Precocious maturation was associated with increased adiposity indicators in girls, whereas late maturation was associated with decreased adiposity indicators in both sexes.


Assuntos
Adiposidade/fisiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Puberdade Tardia/epidemiologia , Puberdade Precoce/epidemiologia , Maturidade Sexual/fisiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
12.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 23, 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Male Breast Cancer (MBC) is rare, which makes its understanding and treatment be extrapolated from what is known about the occurrence in women, with few epidemiological studies, with few epidemiological studies. Therefore, the aim of the present paper was to study breast cancer mortality in adult males in Brazil and its administrative regions between 2005 and 2015. METHODS: Ecological study with data on MBC mortality in adults between 2005 and 2015. Data were obtained from the Mortality Information System of the Department of Informatics of SUS (the Unified Health System of the country). Descriptive statistics were used for MBC mortality and linear regression to analyze the relationship between mortality and the country's administrative regions. Percentage Change (PC) and Annual Percentage Change (APC) were the trend measures used for MBC mortality for the period. RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2015, there were 1521 deaths due to MBC in adults in Brazil. Regarding mortality by region, there was great oscillation in the rates of the country as a whole (PC = 113,87; ß = 0,009 (IC95% 0,000 - 0,018); r2 = 0,381; P = 0,043). The highest increase in MBC mortality occurred in patients aged 80 years or older (PC = 161,04; ß = 0,201 (IC95% 0,640 - 0,339); r2 = 0,550; P = 0,009) and there was significant increase in deaths for the 50-54-year age group (PC = 224,01; ß = 0,135 (CI95% 0,052; 0,218); r2 = 0,601; P = 0,005). CONCLUSION: Mortality in adults due to MBC increased in Brazil during the study period with the highest percentage increase occurring for individuals aged 80 years or older.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama Masculina/mortalidade , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Análise de Dados , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade/tendências , Adulto Jovem
13.
Clinics ; 74: e1166, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039569

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and acceptability of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among health professionals from western Amazonia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Sistema Assistencial è Saúde da Mulher e da Criança (Health Care System for Women and Children; SASMC) in Acre, Brazil, in 2017. The participants comprised 196 health professionals. The data collection instrument contained 31 questions about HPV, its clinical repercussions for women, and the HPV vaccine. Quantitative variables were presented as medians and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. For the analyses, chi-square tests and Mann-Whitney tests were used. The collected data were analyzed using Stata®11.0. RESULTS: Of the 196 health professionals, 39.8% (n=76) were physicians and 61.2% (n=120) were other health professionals. The interviewees were mostly female (n=143, 73%, 95% CI 66.1 to 78.9%) who worked in the medical field (n=81, 41.3%, 95% CI 34.4 to 48.6%), and the median age was 38 years (95% CI 36.0 to 39.7). Physicians had increased knowledge regarding only the statement "cervical cancer is one of the main causes of cancer in women", with a proportion ratio of 0.88 (0.80; 0.97) and p<0.001. Regarding clinical knowledge of the HPV vaccine, a low proportion of correct answers was obtained for all the questions, and no significant differences were found between the groups. CONCLUSION: Acceptability and knowledge of HPV and its vaccine were similar among health professionals, with knowledge gaps in questions about the relation between smoking and cervical cancer and specific clinical knowledge.

14.
BMC Res Notes ; 11(1): 735, 2018 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30326942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological stroke data of Brazil according to the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study in 2016 and secondary data from the GBD database. RESULTS: The highest percentage of deaths due to stroke in general occurred in individuals aged 70 years or over (60.2%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 59.9-60.5%) followed by that in men (52.9%; 95% CI 52.6-53.2%). Ischemic stroke was the most common type, accounting for 61.8% (95% CI 61.5-62.1%) of deaths due to stroke in 2016. Most of the epidemiological indicators (incidence, prevalence, mortality-to-incidence ratio, mortality, disability-adjusted life years, years lost due to disability, and years of life lost) of stroke in general or either type of stroke were higher in men and those aged 70 years or over. Stroke data in Brazil are a major concern and represent a real health challenge for the coming decades. Men and individuals aged 70 years or older appear to represent the groups with the highest epidemiological parameters and risk for the various stroke outcomes. However, this does not mean the female data are irrelevant, which, although representing a lower risk than the male data, also raise the need for policies aimed at prevention and improvement in the treatment of stroke and its sequelae.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga Global da Doença/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Sexuais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
15.
Int J Womens Health ; 10: 477-486, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30197542

RESUMO

Purpose: To analyze the postpartum pelvic floor disorders (PFD) and mode of delivery among adolescents, late adolescents, and young women from Western Amazon. Patients and methods: Cross-sectional study was carried out in the urban area of Western Amazon in the city of Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil, from October 2016 to February 2017. This is a convenience sample of women up to 30 years who completed six months postpartum, separated in three groups according to maternal age: adolescents (age ≤19 years), late adolescents (20-24 years), and young women (25-30 years). Participants were home interviewed and answered Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 (PFDI-20). Delivery clinical data were collected from patient's medical records. Results: In total, 285 participants were interviewed: 41 adolescents, 103 late adolescents, and 141 young women. After controlling for confounding factors, prevalences of PFD were higher in the adolescents' group compared with the young women's group (urinary incontinence [UI], prevalence ratio [PR] = 1.75, 95% CI 1.14-2.69; urge urinary incontinence [UUI], PR = 1.88, 95% CI 1.02-3.47; stress urinary incontinence, PR = 2.00, 95% CI 1.11-3.62; fecal incontinence [FI], PR = 4.40, 95% CI 1.36-14.27). PFDI-20 scores also presented higher values in the adolescent group (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory [POPDI], PR = 2.02, 95% CI 1.49-2.75; urinary distress inventory [UDI], PR = 2.09, 95% CI 1.47-2.98; PFDI, PR = 2.12, 95% CI 1.47-2.98). Analyzing the influence of cesarean section, adolescents have higher prevalence of UI (PR = 1.84, 95% CI 1.04-3.26, P=0.037), UUI (PR = 2.36, 95% CI 1.03-5.40, P=0.042), and FI (PR = 4.09, 95% CI 1.21-13.81, P=0.023). In addition, POPDI (PR = 2.15, 95% CI 1.60-2.89, P<0.001), UDI (PR = 2.25, 95% CI 1.61-3.16, P<0.001), and PFDI (PR = 2.27, 95% CI 1.68-3.08, P<0.001) scores are also higher among adolescents where the baby is born by cesarean section. Conclusion: Adolescents present higher prevalence and symptoms of PFD; furthermore, cesarean delivery has a greater negative influence on the pelvic floor of adolescents when compared with young women. This reinforces the importance of PFD investigation among the adolescent population, mainly in developing countries which have high rates of adolescent pregnancy and cesarean section.

17.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0200125, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071031

RESUMO

Breast cancer early detection is the major strategy for mortality rates reduction. In Brazil, Primary Health Care is an important strategy for public health promotion. To analyse the association between breast cancer mortality and primary health care indicators in Brazilian municipalities, data on breast cancer mortality and primary healthcare coverage of the 5,700 Brazilian municipalities were collected from the Department of Informatics of the Brazilian Unified Health System. We collected data on the deaths of women living in Brazil in 2010 with breast cancer. Breast cancer mortality was calculated by 100,000 women and age-standardised from the World Health Organisation population. We studied the coverage of primary health care, family health team and community health agents. We found that increase of both primary care indexes was related to increasing of the breast cancer mortality. Additionally, improving the scholarly and reducing the income inequality was related to reducing the breast cancer mortality. Strategies to improve the quality of primary care, reduce the income inequality and improve elementary scholarly should be taken into account in the development of public policies in the Brazilian municipalities to reduce breast cancer in Brazilian municipalities.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Brasil , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Fatores Socioeconômicos
18.
BMC Res Notes ; 11(1): 540, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30068387

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation between municipal human development indices (MHDIs) and stroke mortality in residents of Brazilian state capitals in 2010. A secondary data analysis was conducted in 2015 using data for the MHDI and the following dimensions: income, longevity and education which were obtained from the United Nations Development Program. Additionally, we analyzed age-standardized stroke mortality data from the Department of System Information Unified Health of Brazil. RESULTS: We observed a correlation between stroke mortality and MHDIs overall (Pearson r = - 0.563; p = 0.002) and within the following dimensions: income (Spearman's ρ = - 0.479; p = 0.011), longevity (Pearson r = - 0.510; p = 0.006) and education (Pearson r = - 0.592; p = 0.001). We identified moderate but significant negative correlations between MHDI overall and in its individual dimensions (income, longevity, and age) and stroke mortality in Brazilian capitals. Stroke is the second leading cause of death in industrialized countries and the leading cause of death in Brazil. Therefore, the discovery of factors that may influence the epidemiology of stroke is important for the construction of adequate policies considering to the socioeconomic status in these places and with an emphasis in lower socioeconomic status places.


Assuntos
Classe Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Longevidade
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(33): e11509, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30113452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the performance of nurses in the implementation of nursing care systematization (NCS). This study is a descriptive research developed from a qualitative approach. The content analysis (CA) must be developed through 3 chronological poles allowing the researcher to construct an analysis structure that corresponds to the needs of the research and the objectives of the proposed research; The chronological poles of CA are described as: Phase 1-preanalysis, phase 2-exploration of the material: phase 3-treatment of the results obtained and interpretation. Only a semistructured interview will be conducted with the research subjects who meet the inclusion criteria of the study, preserving the identity of the individuals and guaranteeing the right to quit the research at any time during the interview. The Research Ethics Committee of Hospital of the clinics of Acre, Brazil (Amazon region) under the opinion no. 1.460.960 approved this protocol. The clinical protocol was registered in the "Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials" validated by the World Health Organization, and received clinical trials "RBR-882rg2."


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Primeiros Socorros/instrumentação , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Desempenho Profissional/organização & administração , Brasil , Primeiros Socorros/métodos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/ética , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-915855

RESUMO

Background: Adequate flow through a newly created arteriovenous fistula depends on multiple characteristics of the vessels and patient comorbidities. Several studies have related preoperative findings to failure, but few have analyzed the influence of intraoperative findings. Objectives: To evaluate the predictive value of intraoperative findings on the immediate outcome of radial-cephalic arteriovenous wrist fistulas (RCAVF) by collecting data that are easily measured intraoperatively. Methods: We designed a cross-sectional study, in which a single surgeon performed 101 RCAVF in 100 patients at a single center. We analyzed the immediate postoperative flow, assessed by thrill intensity immediately after fistula creation, against patient demographics and intraoperative data. The following variables were analyzed: age, sex, comorbidities, length of vein visible at preoperative examination, macroscopic arterial calcification, maximum vein diameter, and length of stenosis-free vein, measured by cannulation with a urethral catheter during the procedure. The chi-square test was used both to eliminate possible bias introduced by side of venous access (left or right), and to determine predictive values of immediate thrill. Results: Side of access was not associated with any significant differences in variables. Absence of macroscopic arterial calcification, successful venous catheterization using a 6 French catheter or larger, and ability to advance it more than 10 centimeters along the lumen of the proximal vein were correlated with adequate immediate postoperative thrill (p = 0.004, p < 0.001, and p = 0.005, respectively). Conclusions: In this series of 101 RCAVF, both the diameter of the catheter and its progress through the proximal vein and also absence of arterial calcification had positive predictive value for achieving adequate immediate thrill after vascular access construction


O fluxo adequado de uma fístula arteriovenosa recém-confeccionada depende de múltiplas características dos vasos, bem como de comorbidades do paciente. Diversos estudos associam achados pré-operatórios e suas relações à falha do acesso, mas poucos analisam a influência dos achados encontrados no intraoperatório. Objetivos: Avaliar o valor preditivo desses achados no fluxo imediato de fístulas arteriovenosas radiocefálicas de punho (FAVRCPs) para hemodiálise através de coleta de dados facilmente mensuráveis do intraoperatório. Métodos: Um único cirurgião realizou 101 FAVRCPs em 100 pacientes, em um único centro. Analisou-se o fluxo do pós-operatório imediato através da intensidade do frêmito imediatamente após a confecção do acesso, e os resultados foram comparados com dados demográficos e achados intraoperatórios. As variáveis analisadas foram sexo, idade, comorbidades, extensão da veia visível ao exame físico, presença de calcificação arterial macroscópica, diâmetro venoso máximo e extensão de veia livre de estenose, avaliadas através da cateterização venosa com sonda uretral durante o procedimento. O teste de qui-quadrado foi utilizado tanto para excluir um possível viés de confusão pelo lado do acesso como para avaliar o valor preditivo das variáveis na intensidade do frêmito. Resultados: Não foi identificada diferença significativa nas variáveis segundo o lado do acesso. A ausência de calcificação arterial, a possibilidade de cateterização venosa com sonda de 6 French ou maior, e a sua progressão por mais de 10 cm através do lúmen da veia proximal tiveram correlação com frêmito imediato adequado ao fim do procedimento (p = 0,004, p < 0,001 e p = 0,005, respectivamente). Conclusões: Nesta série de 101 FAVRCPs, o diâmetro e a progressão de cateter 6 French ou maior através da veia proximal e a ausência de calcificação arterial apresentaram valor preditivo positivo na obtenção de frêmito imediato adequado de FAVRCP para hemodiálise


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Fístula Arteriovenosa , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Diálise Renal , Punho , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Cateteres de Demora , Estudos de Coortes , Fatores de Risco , Análise Estatística , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Extremidade Superior
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