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1.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200200

RESUMO

Epilobium angustifolium L. is a popular and well-known medicinal plant. In this study, an attempt to evaluate the possibility of using this plant in preparations for the care and treatment of skin diseases was made. The antioxidant, antiaging and anti-inflammatory properties of ethanolic extracts from Epilobium angustifolium (FEE) were assessed. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of extracts chemically composition was performed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The total polyphenol content (TPC) of biologically active compounds, such as the total content of polyphenols (TPC), flavonoids (TFC), and assimilation pigments, as well as selected phenolic acids, was assessed. FEE was evaluated for their anti-inflammatory and antiaging properties, achieving 68% inhibition of lipoxygenase activity, 60% of collagenase and 49% of elastase. FEE also showed high antioxidant activity, reaching to 87% of free radical scavenging using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 59% using 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS). Additionally, in vitro penetration studies were performed using two vehicles, i.e., a hydrogel and an emulsion containing FEE. These studies showed that the active ingredients contained in FEE penetrate through human skin and accumulate in it. The obtained results indicate that E. angustifolium may be an interesting plant material to be applied as a component of cosmetic and dermatological preparations with antiaging and anti-inflammatory properties.


Assuntos
Cosméticos/química , Fármacos Dermatológicos/química , Epilobium/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Flavonoides/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Humanos , Plantas Medicinais/química , Polifenóis/química , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Pharmacol Rep ; 73(2): 583-593, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Clopidogrel is frequently used as part of optimal dual antiplatelet therapy in high-bleeding risk patients with the acute coronary syndrome. The concentration of the inactive carboxylic acid metabolite of clopidogrel might be useful to evaluate the response to clopidogrel therapy. Therefore, we sought to correlate the inhibition of platelet aggregation with the plasma level of the inactive metabolite of clopidogrel in patients after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and their associations with the most frequently studied genetic polymorphisms. For this purpose, the fast and simple HPLC method for determining the concentration of the inactive metabolite was developed. METHODS: The effect of CYP2C19, CYP3A4/5, ABCB1 and PON1 genes on the plasma inactive metabolite concentration of clopidogrel and the platelet aggregation was investigated in 155 patients before and after PCI. RESULTS: The concentration of the inactive metabolite of clopidogrel was not significantly different in the intermediate metabolizers (IM) of CYP2C19 compared with extensive metabolizers (EM) both before and after PCI, while inhibition of platelet aggregation was found to be significantly better in EM than in IM. The presence of the A allele at position 2677 in the ABCB1 gene was associated with a significantly lower concentration of inactive metabolite of clopidogrel before PCI. CONCLUSION: The CYP2C19*2 allele was associated with decreased platelet reactivity during clopidogrel therapy before and after PCI. Simultaneous determination of platelet aggregation and concentration of the inactive clopidogrel metabolite may be useful in clinical practice to find the cause of adverse effects or insufficient treatment effect in patients chronically treated with clopidogrel.

3.
Clin Neuropharmacol ; 37(4): 96-9, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24992088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to recent investigations, the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) may influence levodopa (LD) pharmacokinetics (PK) and improve the motor function of infected patients with Parkinson disease (PD). The aim of this study was to compare PK of LD and its metabolite 3-O-methyldopa (3-OMD), between H. pylori-positive (HP+) and -negative (HP-) patients with PD and motor fluctuations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with the clinical diagnosis of PD, under stable LD therapy, reporting daily motor fluctuations and who had no history of previous eradication treatment were screened for the H. pylori infection with an antigen stool test. Two groups of patients-bacteria-infected and noninfected-matched demographically and clinically, were selected for the examination of PK values. Blood samples were collected after morning oral LD dose. Noncompartmental PK parameters were computed from the LD and 3-OMD plasma concentration-time data. RESULTS: Interindividual variability was seen in LD absorption curve in both groups. There were no clinically significant differences in PK parameters of LD and 3-OMD. Changes of small magnitude but with possible clinical impact were found according to tmax and Cmax that tended to be lower in HP- patients and AUC0-t that was larger in the HP+ group. The Cmax value of 3-OMD was almost identical in both groups. The HP- group had smaller AUC0-∞t of 3-OMD. CONCLUSIONS: The H. pylori infection in PD patients with motor fluctuations, despite not significantly influencing PK parameters of LD and 3-OMD, may still have important clinical implications.


Assuntos
Antiparkinsonianos/farmacocinética , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade , Levodopa/farmacocinética , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença de Parkinson , Adulto , Idoso , Antiparkinsonianos/uso terapêutico , Benserazida/uso terapêutico , Di-Hidroxifenilalanina/análogos & derivados , Di-Hidroxifenilalanina/sangue , Jejum , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/sangue , Humanos , Levodopa/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Parkinson/sangue , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tirosina/análogos & derivados
4.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 68(9): 1267-74, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22418828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pantoprazole is metabolized by cytochrome P450 2 C19, which shows genetic polymorphism. The effect of CYP2C19 polymorphism on single-dose pharmacokinetics of oral pantoprazole in healthy volunteers was evaluated. METHODS: Pantoprazole pharmacokinetics was determined in 32 healthy volunteers after a 40-mg single oral dose of the drug. RESULTS: Carriers of CYP2C19*2/*2 (n = 2) were characterized by higher, starting from 3.5 h post dose, plasma concentrations of pantoprazole in comparison to wild-type (CYP2C19*1/*1, n = 6) volunteers. In subjects with CYP2C19*17/*17 genotype (n = 6) significantly lower plasma concentrations of the drug vs CYP2C19*1/*1 carriers, were observed from 3.0 h after oral pantoprazole administration. Carriers of CYP2C19*1/*17 (n = 6) and CYP2C19*2/*17 (n = 6) displayed concentration-time profiles comparable to wild-type subjects. CYP2C19*2/*2 volunteers showed a decrease in terminal elimination rate constant (λ(z)) by 83.3%, prolongation of terminal half-life (t(½)) by 572%, a rise in area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) and mean residence time (MRT) by 506% and 259% respectively. Heterozygotes, i.e.. CYP2C19*1/*2 vs CYP2C19*1/*1 were characterized by higher AUC (4.38 ± 1.00 mg·h/L vs 3.00 ± 1.02 mg·h/L, p < 0.05) and C(max) (2.13 ± 0.42 mg/L vs 1.61 ± 0.35 mg/L, p < 0.05) respectively. A significant reduction in MRT (3.83 ± 0.82 h vs 2.73 ± 0.23 h, p < 0.05) in carriers of CYP2C19*17/*17 vs CYP2C19*1/*1 genotypes was observed. Population modeling confirmed the influence of *1/*2, *2/*2, and *17/*17 genotypes on the pharmacokinetics of pantoprazole. The lowest population oral clearance was assessed in the carriers of genotype *2/*2 (3.68 L/h) and the highest value in subjects with genotype *17/*17 (31.13 L/h). CONCLUSION: These data suggest that CYP2C19 polymorphism is an important determinant of pantoprazole pharmacokinetics.


Assuntos
2-Piridinilmetilsulfinilbenzimidazóis/administração & dosagem , 2-Piridinilmetilsulfinilbenzimidazóis/farmacocinética , Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/farmacocinética , 2-Piridinilmetilsulfinilbenzimidazóis/sangue , Administração Oral , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases/metabolismo , Biotransformação/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19 , Feminino , Meia-Vida , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Taxa de Depuração Metabólica , Modelos Biológicos , Pantoprazol , Fenótipo , Polônia , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/sangue , Adulto Jovem
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