Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 267
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6531, 2021 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764256

RESUMO

Light-driven oxidation of water to molecular oxygen is catalyzed by the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) in Photosystem II (PS II). This multi-electron, multi-proton catalysis requires the transport of two water molecules to and four protons from the OEC. A high-resolution 1.89 Å structure obtained by averaging all the S states and refining the data of various time points during the S2 to S3 transition has provided better visualization of the potential pathways for substrate water insertion and proton release. Our results indicate that the O1 channel is the likely water intake pathway, and the Cl1 channel is the likely proton release pathway based on the structural rearrangements of water molecules and amino acid side chains along these channels. In particular in the Cl1 channel, we suggest that residue D1-E65 serves as a gate for proton transport by minimizing the back reaction. The results show that the water oxidation reaction at the OEC is well coordinated with the amino acid side chains and the H-bonding network over the entire length of the channels, which is essential in shuttling substrate waters and protons.

2.
Science ; 373(6557): 871-876, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282049

RESUMO

DeepMind presented notably accurate predictions at the recent 14th Critical Assessment of Structure Prediction (CASP14) conference. We explored network architectures that incorporate related ideas and obtained the best performance with a three-track network in which information at the one-dimensional (1D) sequence level, the 2D distance map level, and the 3D coordinate level is successively transformed and integrated. The three-track network produces structure predictions with accuracies approaching those of DeepMind in CASP14, enables the rapid solution of challenging x-ray crystallography and cryo-electron microscopy structure modeling problems, and provides insights into the functions of proteins of currently unknown structure. The network also enables rapid generation of accurate protein-protein complex models from sequence information alone, short-circuiting traditional approaches that require modeling of individual subunits followed by docking. We make the method available to the scientific community to speed biological research.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Conformação Proteica , Dobramento de Proteína , Proteínas/química , Proteínas ADAM/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Simulação por Computador , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Cristalografia por Raios X , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Modelos Moleculares , Complexos Multiproteicos/química , Redes Neurais de Computação , Subunidades Proteicas/química , Proteínas/fisiologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/química , Esfingosina N-Aciltransferase/química
3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11803, 2021 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083602

RESUMO

Lignocellulosic biomass is composed of three major biopolymers: cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. Analytical tools capable of quickly detecting both glycan and lignin deconstruction are needed to support the development and characterization of efficient enzymes/enzyme cocktails. Previously we have described nanostructure-initiator mass spectrometry-based assays for the analysis of glycosyl hydrolase and most recently an assay for lignin modifying enzymes. Here we integrate these two assays into a single multiplexed assay against both classes of enzymes and use it to characterize crude commercial enzyme mixtures. Application of our multiplexed platform based on nanostructure-initiator mass spectrometry enabled us to characterize crude mixtures of laccase enzymes from fungi Agaricus bisporus (Ab) and Myceliopthora thermophila (Mt) revealing activity on both carbohydrate and aromatic substrates. Using time-series analysis we determined that crude laccase from Ab has the higher GH activity and that laccase from Mt has the higher activity against our lignin model compound. Inhibitor studies showed a significant reduction in Mt GH activity under low oxygen conditions and increased activities in the presence of vanillin (common GH inhibitor). Ultimately, this assay can help to discover mixtures of enzymes that could be incorporated into biomass pretreatments to deconstruct diverse components of lignocellulosic biomass.


Assuntos
Enzimas/química , Lignina/química , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , N-Glicosil Hidrolases/química , Ativação Enzimática , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Estrutura Molecular
5.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 77(Pt 4): 457-462, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825706

RESUMO

Using single-particle electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM), it is possible to obtain multiple reconstructions showing the 3D structures of proteins imaged as a mixture. Here, it is shown that automatic map interpretation based on such reconstructions can be used to create atomic models of proteins as well as to match the proteins to the correct sequences and thereby to identify them. This procedure was tested using two proteins previously identified from a mixture at resolutions of 3.2 Å, as well as using 91 deposited maps with resolutions between 2 and 4.5 Å. The approach is found to be highly effective for maps obtained at resolutions of 3.5 Šand better, and to have some utility at resolutions as low as 4 Å.


Assuntos
Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas/química , Conformação Proteica , Software
6.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 642422, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33841364

RESUMO

Over the last century, leaps in technology for imaging, sampling, detection, high-throughput sequencing, and -omics analyses have revolutionized microbial ecology to enable rapid acquisition of extensive datasets for microbial communities across the ever-increasing temporal and spatial scales. The present challenge is capitalizing on our enhanced abilities of observation and integrating diverse data types from different scales, resolutions, and disciplines to reach a causal and mechanistic understanding of how microbial communities transform and respond to perturbations in the environment. This type of causal and mechanistic understanding will make predictions of microbial community behavior more robust and actionable in addressing microbially mediated global problems. To discern drivers of microbial community assembly and function, we recognize the need for a conceptual, quantitative framework that connects measurements of genomic potential, the environment, and ecological and physical forces to rates of microbial growth at specific locations. We describe the Framework for Integrated, Conceptual, and Systematic Microbial Ecology (FICSME), an experimental design framework for conducting process-focused microbial ecology studies that incorporates biological, chemical, and physical drivers of a microbial system into a conceptual model. Through iterative cycles that advance our understanding of the coupling across scales and processes, we can reliably predict how perturbations to microbial systems impact ecosystem-scale processes or vice versa. We describe an approach and potential applications for using the FICSME to elucidate the mechanisms of globally important ecological and physical processes, toward attaining the goal of predicting the structure and function of microbial communities in chemically complex natural environments.

7.
Structure ; 29(8): 913-921.e4, 2021 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823127

RESUMO

With the advent of the resolution revolution in cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM), low-resolution refinement is common, and likewise increases the need for a reliable force field. Here, we report on the incorporation of the OPLS3e force field with the VSGB2.1 solvation model in the structure determination package Phenix. Our results show significantly improved structure quality and reduced ligand strain at lower resolution for X-ray refinement. For refinement of cryo-EM-based structures, we find comparable quality structures, goodness-of-fit, and reduced ligand strain. We also show how structure quality and ligand strain are related to the map-model cross-correlation as a function of data weight, and how that can detect overfitting. Signs of overfitting are found in over half of our cryo-EM dataset, which can be remedied by a re-refinement at a lower data weight. Finally, a start-to-end script for refining structures with Phenix/OPLS3e is available in the Schrödinger 2020-3 distribution.

8.
Biotechnol Biofuels ; 14(1): 108, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lignin peroxidases catalyze a variety of reactions, resulting in cleavage of both ß-O-4' ether bonds and C-C bonds in lignin, both of which are essential for depolymerizing lignin into fragments amendable to biological or chemical upgrading to valuable products. Studies of the specificity of lignin peroxidases to catalyze these various reactions and the role reaction conditions such as pH play have been limited by the lack of assays that allow quantification of specific bond-breaking events. The subsequent theoretical understanding of the underlying mechanisms by which pH modulates the activity of lignin peroxidases remains nascent. Here, we report on combined experimental and theoretical studies of the effect of pH on the enzyme-catalyzed cleavage of ß-O-4' ether bonds and of C-C bonds by a lignin peroxidase isozyme H8 from Phanerochaete chrysosporium and an acid stabilized variant of the same enzyme. RESULTS: Using a nanostructure initiator mass spectrometry assay that provides quantification of bond breaking in a phenolic model lignin dimer we found that catalysis of degradation of the dimer to products by an acid-stabilized variant of lignin peroxidase isozyme H8 increased from 38.4% at pH 5 to 92.5% at pH 2.6. At pH 2.6, the observed product distribution resulted from 65.5% ß-O-4' ether bond cleavage, 27.0% Cα-C1 carbon bond cleavage, and 3.6% Cα-oxidation as by-product. Using ab initio molecular dynamic simulations and climbing-image Nudge Elastic Band based transition state searches, we suggest the effect of lower pH is via protonation of aliphatic hydroxyl groups under which extremely acidic conditions resulted in lower energetic barriers for bond-cleavages, particularly ß-O-4' bonds. CONCLUSION: These coupled experimental results and theoretical explanations suggest pH is a key driving force for selective and efficient lignin peroxidase isozyme H8 catalyzed depolymerization of the phenolic lignin dimer and further suggest that engineering of lignin peroxidase isozyme H8 and other enzymes involved in lignin depolymerization should include targeting stability at low pH.

9.
Metab Eng ; 64: 154-166, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581331

RESUMO

Isoprenol (3-methyl-3-butene-1-ol) is a valuable drop-in biofuel and an important precursor of several commodity chemicals. Synthetic microbial systems using the heterologous mevalonate pathway have recently been developed for the production of isoprenol in Escherichia coli, and a significant yield and titer improvement has been achieved through a decade of research. Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been widely used in the biotechnology industry for isoprenoid production, but there has been no good example of isoprenol production reported in this host. In this study, we engineered the budding yeast S. cerevisiae for improved biosynthesis of isoprenol. The strain engineered with the mevalonate pathway achieved isoprenol production at the titer of 36.02 ± 0.92 mg/L in the flask. The IPP (isopentenyl diphosphate)-bypass pathway, which has shown more efficient isoprenol production by avoiding the accumulation of the toxic intermediate in E. coli, was also constructed in S. cerevisiae and improved the isoprenol titer by 2-fold. We further engineered the strains by deleting a promiscuous endogenous kinase that could divert the pathway flux away from the isoprenol production and improved the titer to 130.52 ± 8.01 mg/L. Finally, we identified a pathway bottleneck using metabolomics analysis and overexpressed a promiscuous alkaline phosphatase to relieve this bottleneck. The combined efforts resulted in the titer improvement to 383.1 ± 31.62 mg/L in the flask. This is the highest isoprenol titer up to date in S. cerevisiae and this work provides the key strategies to engineer yeast as an industrial platform for isoprenol production.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Engenharia Metabólica , Ácido Mevalônico , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
10.
Nat Methods ; 18(2): 156-164, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542514

RESUMO

This paper describes outcomes of the 2019 Cryo-EM Model Challenge. The goals were to (1) assess the quality of models that can be produced from cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM) maps using current modeling software, (2) evaluate reproducibility of modeling results from different software developers and users and (3) compare performance of current metrics used for model evaluation, particularly Fit-to-Map metrics, with focus on near-atomic resolution. Our findings demonstrate the relatively high accuracy and reproducibility of cryo-EM models derived by 13 participating teams from four benchmark maps, including three forming a resolution series (1.8 to 3.1 Å). The results permit specific recommendations to be made about validating near-atomic cryo-EM structures both in the context of individual experiments and structure data archives such as the Protein Data Bank. We recommend the adoption of multiple scoring parameters to provide full and objective annotation and assessment of the model, reflective of the observed cryo-EM map density.


Assuntos
Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Cristalografia por Raios X , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas/química
11.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 77(Pt 1): 48-61, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404525

RESUMO

The field of electron cryomicroscopy (cryo-EM) has advanced quickly in recent years as the result of numerous technological and methodological developments. This has led to an increase in the number of atomic structures determined using this method. Recently, several tools for the analysis of cryo-EM data and models have been developed within the Phenix software package, such as phenix.real_space_refine for the refinement of atomic models against real-space maps. Also, new validation metrics have been developed for low-resolution cryo-EM models. To understand the quality of deposited cryo-EM structures and how they might be improved, models deposited in the Protein Data Bank that have map resolutions of better than 5 Šwere automatically re-refined using current versions of Phenix tools. The results are available on a publicly accessible web page (https://cci.lbl.gov/ceres). The implementation of a Cryo-EM Re-refinement System (CERES) for the improvement of models deposited in the wwPDB, and the results of the re-refinements, are described. Based on these results, contents are proposed for a `cryo-EM Table 1', which summarizes experimental details and validation metrics in a similar way to `Table 1' in crystallography. The consistent use of robust metrics for the evaluation of cryo-EM models and data should accompany every structure deposition and be reported in scientific publications.


Assuntos
Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Modelos Moleculares , Software , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Conformação Molecular
12.
Metab Eng ; 64: 41-51, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482331

RESUMO

The functionalization of terpenes using cytochrome P450 enzymes is a versatile route to the production of useful derivatives that can be further converted to value-added products. Many terpenes are hydrophobic and volatile making their availability as a substrate for P450 enzymes significantly limited during microbial production. In this study, we developed a strategy to improve the accessibility of terpene molecules for the P450 reaction by linking terpene synthase and P450 together. As a model system, fusion proteins of 1,8-cineole synthase (CS) and P450cin were investigated and it showed an improved hydroxylation of the monoterpenoid 1,8-cineole up to 5.4-fold. Structural analysis of the CS-P450cin fusion proteins by SEC-SAXS indicated a dimer formation with preferred orientations of the active sites of the two domains. We also applied the enzyme fusion strategy to the oxidation of a sesquiterpene epi-isozizaene and the fusion enzymes significantly improved albaflavenol production in engineered E. coli. From the analysis of positive and negative examples of the fusion strategy, we proposed key factors in structure-based prediction and evaluation of fusion enzymes. Developing fusion enzymes for terpene synthase and P450 presents an efficient strategy toward oxidation of hydrophobic terpene compounds. This strategy could be widely applicable to improve the biosynthetic titer of the functionalized products from hydrophobic terpene intermediates.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Terpenos , Alquil e Aril Transferases , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Difração de Raios X
13.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 76(Pt 12): 1159-1166, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263321

RESUMO

Crystallographic refinement of macromolecular structures relies on stereochemical restraints to mitigate the typically poor data-to-parameter ratio. For proteins, each amino acid has a unique set of geometry restraints which represent stereochemical information such as bond lengths, valence angles, torsion angles, dihedrals and planes. It has been shown that the geometry in refined structures can differ significantly from that present in libraries; for example, it was recently reported that the guanidinium moiety in arginine is not symmetric. In this work, the asymmetry of the Nϵ-Cζ-Nη1 and Nϵ-Cζ-Nη2 valence angles in the guanidinium moiety is confirmed. In addition, it was found that the Cδ atom can deviate significantly (more than 20°) from the guanidinium plane. This requires the relaxation of the planar restraint for the Cδ atom, as it otherwise causes the other atoms in the group to compensate by distorting the guanidinium core plane. A new set of restraints for the arginine side chain have therefore been formulated, and are available in the software package Phenix, that take into account the asymmetry of the group and the planar deviation of the Cδ atom. This is an example of the need to regularly revisit the geometric restraint libraries used in macromolecular refinement so that they reflect the best knowledge of the structural chemistry of their components available at the time.


Assuntos
Arginina/química , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica , Software , Cristalografia por Raios X , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Estrutura Molecular
14.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 587127, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193240

RESUMO

A nitrate- and metal-contaminated site at the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) was previously shown to contain the metal molybdenum (Mo) at picomolar concentrations. This potentially limits microbial nitrate reduction, as Mo is required by the enzyme nitrate reductase, which catalyzes the first step of nitrate removal. Enrichment for anaerobic nitrate-reducing microbes from contaminated sediment at the ORR yielded Bacillus strain EB106-08-02-XG196. This bacterium grows in the presence of multiple metals (Cd, Ni, Cu, Co, Mn, and U) but also exhibits better growth compared to control strains, including Pseudomonas fluorescens N2E2 isolated from a pristine ORR environment under low molybdate concentrations (<1 nM). Molybdate is taken up by the molybdate binding protein, ModA, of the molybdate ATP-binding cassette transporter. ModA of XG196 is phylogenetically distinct from those of other characterized ModA proteins. The genes encoding ModA from XG196, P. fluorescens N2E2 and Escherichia coli K12 were expressed in E. coli and the recombinant proteins were purified. Isothermal titration calorimetry analysis showed that XG196 ModA has a higher affinity for molybdate than other ModA proteins with a molybdate binding constant (K D ) of 2.2 nM, about one order of magnitude lower than those of P. fluorescens N2E2 (27.0 nM) and E. coli K12 (25.0 nM). XG196 ModA also showed a fivefold higher affinity for molybdate than for tungstate (11 nM), whereas the ModA proteins from P. fluorescens N2E2 [K D (Mo) 27.0 nM, K D (W) 26.7 nM] and E. coli K12[(K D (Mo) 25.0 nM, K D (W) 23.8 nM] had similar affinities for the two oxyanions. We propose that high molybdate affinity coupled with resistance to multiple metals gives strain XG196 a competitive advantage in Mo-limited environments contaminated with high concentrations of metals and nitrate, as found at ORR.

15.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 9(44)2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122416

RESUMO

Bacillus sp. strain EB106-08-02-XG196 was isolated from a high-nitrate- and heavy metal-contaminated site at the Oak Ridge Reservation in Tennessee. We report the draft genome sequence of this strain to provide insights into the genomic basis for surviving in this unique environment.

16.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 76(Pt 10): 912-925, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021493

RESUMO

Density modification uses expectations about features of a map such as a flat solvent and expected distributions of density in the region of the macromolecule to improve individual Fourier terms representing the map. This process transfers information from one part of a map to another and can improve the accuracy of a map. Here, the assumptions behind density modification for maps from electron cryomicroscopy are examined and a procedure is presented that allows the incorporation of model-based information. Density modification works best in cases where unfiltered, unmasked maps with clear boundaries between the macromolecule and solvent are visible, and where there is substantial noise in the map, both in the region of the macromolecule and the solvent. It also is most effective if the characteristics of the map are relatively constant within regions of the macromolecule and the solvent. Model-based information can be used to improve density modification, but model bias can in principle occur. Here, model bias is reduced by using ensemble models that allow an estimation of model uncertainty. A test of model bias is presented that suggests that even if the expected density in a region of a map is specified incorrectly by using an incorrect model, the incorrect expectations do not strongly affect the final map.


Assuntos
Apoferritinas/química , Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Humanos , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Conformação Proteica , Solventes/química
17.
Nat Plants ; 6(9): 1158-1166, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868887

RESUMO

Rubisco sustains the biosphere through the fixation of CO2 into biomass. In plants and cyanobacteria, form I Rubisco is structurally comprised of large and small subunits, whereas all other Rubisco forms lack small subunits. The rise of the form I complex through the innovation of small subunits represents a key, yet poorly understood, transition in Rubisco's evolution. Through metagenomic analyses, we discovered a previously uncharacterized clade sister to form I Rubisco that evolved without small subunits. This clade diverged before the evolution of cyanobacteria and the origin of the small subunit; thus, it provides a unique reference point to advance our understanding of form I Rubisco evolution. Structural and kinetic data presented here reveal how a proto-form I Rubisco assembled and functioned without the structural stability imparted from small subunits. Our findings provide insight into a key evolutionary transition of the most abundant enzyme on Earth and the predominant entry point for nearly all global organic carbon.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias/genética , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Fotossíntese/genética , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Vegetais/genética , Ribulose-Bifosfato Carboxilase/genética , Ribulose-Bifosfato Carboxilase/metabolismo , Filogenia
18.
Structure ; 28(11): 1249-1258.e2, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857966

RESUMO

Ramachandran plots report the distribution of the (ϕ, ψ) torsion angles of the protein backbone and are one of the best quality metrics of experimental structure models. Typically, validation software reports the number of residues belonging to "outlier," "allowed," and "favored" regions. While "zero unexplained outliers" can be considered the current "gold standard," this can be misleading if deviations from expected distributions are not considered. We revisited the Ramachandran Z score (Rama-Z), a quality metric introduced more than two decades ago but underutilized. We describe a reimplementation of the Rama-Z score in the Computational Crystallography Toolbox along with an algorithm to estimate its uncertainty for individual models; final implementations are available in Phenix and PDB-REDO. We discuss the interpretation of the Rama-Z score and advocate including it in the validation reports provided by the Protein Data Bank. We also advocate reporting it alongside the outlier/allowed/favored counts in structural publications.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas/ultraestrutura , Viés , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Cristalografia por Raios X , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Humanos , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Software
19.
Nat Methods ; 17(9): 923-927, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807957

RESUMO

A density-modification procedure for improving maps from single-particle electron cryogenic microscopy (cryo-EM) is presented. The theoretical basis of the method is identical to that of maximum-likelihood density modification, previously used to improve maps from macromolecular X-ray crystallography. Key differences from applications in crystallography are that the errors in Fourier coefficients are largely in the phases in crystallography but in both phases and amplitudes in cryo-EM, and that half-maps with independent errors are available in cryo-EM. These differences lead to a distinct approach for combination of information from starting maps with information obtained in the density-modification process. The density-modification procedure was applied to a set of 104 datasets and improved map-model correlation and increased the visibility of details in many of the maps. The procedure requires two unmasked half-maps and a sequence file or other source of information on the volume of the macromolecule that has been imaged.


Assuntos
Apoferritinas/química , Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Software , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Conformação Proteica
20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2931, 2020 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32523014

RESUMO

Despite intensive study, plant lysine catabolism beyond the 2-oxoadipate (2OA) intermediate remains unvalidated. Recently we described a missing step in the D-lysine catabolism of Pseudomonas putida in which 2OA is converted to D-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) via hydroxyglutarate synthase (HglS), a DUF1338 family protein. Here we solve the structure of HglS to 1.1 Å resolution in substrate-free form and in complex with 2OA. We propose a successive decarboxylation and intramolecular hydroxylation mechanism forming 2HG in a Fe(II)- and O2-dependent manner. Specificity is mediated by a single arginine, highly conserved across most DUF1338 proteins. An Arabidopsis thaliana HglS homolog coexpresses with known lysine catabolism enzymes, and mutants show phenotypes consistent with disrupted lysine catabolism. Structural and biochemical analysis of Oryza sativa homolog FLO7 reveals identical activity to HglS despite low sequence identity. Our results suggest DUF1338-containing enzymes catalyze the same biochemical reaction, exerting the same physiological function across bacteria and eukaryotes.


Assuntos
Ferro/metabolismo , Lisina/metabolismo , Oxigenases/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Pseudomonas putida/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...