Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 91
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Adv Mater ; 33(13): e2006753, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634532

RESUMO

Solution-processed organic semiconductor charge-transport layers (OS-CTLs) with high mobility, low trap density, and energy level alignment have dominated the important progress in p-i-n planar perovskite solar cells (pero-SCs). Unfortunately, their inevitable long chains result in weak molecular stacking, which is likely to generate high energy disorder and deteriorate the charge-transport ability of OS-CTLs. Here, a charge-transfer complex (CTC) strategy to reduce the energy disorder in the OS-CTLs by doping an organic semiconductor, 4,4'-(4,8-bis(5-(trimethylsilyl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene-2,6-diyl)bis(N,N-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)aniline) (BDT-Si), in a commercial hole-transport layer (HTL), poly[bis(4-phenyl) (2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)amine (PTAA), is proposed. The formation of the CTC makes the PTAA conjugated backbone electron-deficient, resulting in a quinoidal and stiffer character, which is likely to planarize the PTAA backbone and enhance the ordering of the film in nanoscale. The resultant HTL exhibits a reduced energy disorder, which simultaneously promotes hole transport in the HTL, hole extraction at the interface, energy level alignment, and quasi-Fermi level splitting in the device. As a result, the p-i-n planar pero-SCs with optimized HTL exhibit the best power conversion efficiency of 21.87% with good operating stability. This finding demonstrates that the CTC strategy is an effective way to reduce the energy disorder in HTLs and to improve the performance of planar pero-SCs.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(18): 10137-10146, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501698

RESUMO

Polymerization sites of small molecule acceptors (SMAs) play vital roles in determining device performance of all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs). Different from our recent work about fluoro- and bromo- co-modified end group of IC-FBr (a mixture of IC-FBr1 and IC-FBr2), in this paper, we synthesized and purified two regiospecific fluoro- and bromo- substituted end groups (IC-FBr-o & IC-FBr-m), which were then employed to construct two regio-regular polymer acceptors named PYF-T-o and PYF-T-m, respectively. In comparison with its isomeric counterparts named PYF-T-m with different conjugated coupling sites, PYF-T-o exhibits stronger and bathochromic absorption to achieve better photon harvesting. Meanwhile, PYF-T-o adopts more ordered inter-chain packing and suitable phase separation after blending with the donor polymer PM6, which resulted in suppressed charge recombination and efficient charge transport. Strikingly, we observed a dramatic performance difference between the two isomeric polymer acceptors PYF-T-o and PYF-T-m. While devices based on PM6:PYF-T-o can yield power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 15.2 %, devices based on PM6:PYF-T-m only show poor efficiencies of 1.4 %. This work demonstrates the success of configuration-unique fluorinated end groups in designing high-performance regular polymer acceptors, which provides guidelines towards developing all-PSCs with better efficiencies.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 178, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420010

RESUMO

Tandem organic solar cells are based on the device structure monolithically connecting two solar cells to broaden overall absorption spectrum and utilize the photon energy more efficiently. Herein, we demonstrate a simple strategy of inserting a double bond between the central core and end groups of the small molecule acceptor Y6 to extend its conjugation length and absorption range. As a result, a new narrow bandgap acceptor BTPV-4F was synthesized with an optical bandgap of 1.21 eV. The single-junction devices based on BTPV-4F as acceptor achieved a power conversion efficiency of over 13.4% with a high short-circuit current density of 28.9 mA cm-2. With adopting BTPV-4F as the rear cell acceptor material, the resulting tandem devices reached a high power conversion efficiency of over 16.4% with good photostability. The results indicate that BTPV-4F is an efficient infrared-absorbing narrow bandgap acceptor and has great potential to be applied into tandem organic solar cells.

4.
Nat Mater ; 20(4): 525-532, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432145

RESUMO

Rapid increase in the power conversion efficiency of organic solar cells (OSCs) has been achieved with the development of non-fullerene small-molecule acceptors (NF-SMAs). Although the morphological stability of these NF-SMA devices critically affects their intrinsic lifetime, their fundamental intermolecular interactions and how they govern property-function relations and morphological stability of OSCs remain elusive. Here, we discover that the diffusion of an NF-SMA into the donor polymer exhibits Arrhenius behaviour and that the activation energy Ea scales linearly with the enthalpic interaction parameters χH between the polymer and the NF-SMA. Consequently, the thermodynamically most unstable, hypo-miscible systems (high χ) are the most kinetically stabilized. We relate the differences in Ea to measured and selectively simulated molecular self-interaction properties of the constituent materials and develop quantitative property-function relations that link thermal and mechanical characteristics of the NF-SMA and polymer to predict relative diffusion properties and thus morphological stability.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2005348, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150638

RESUMO

With power conversion efficiency now over 17%, a long operational lifetime is essential for the successful application of organic solar cells. However, most non-fullerene acceptors can crystallize and destroy devices, yet the fundamental underlying thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of acceptor crystallization have received limited attention. Here, room-temperature (RT) diffusion coefficients of 3.4 × 10-23 and 2.0 × 10-22 are measured for ITIC-2Cl and ITIC-2F, two state-of-the-art non-fullerene acceptors. The low coefficients are enough to provide for kinetic stabilization of the morphology against demixing at RT. Additionally profound differences in crystallization characteristics are discovered between ITIC-2F and ITIC-2Cl. The differences as observed by secondary-ion mass spectrometry, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering, and microscopy can be related directly to device degradation and are attributed to the significantly different nucleation and growth rates, with a difference in the growth rate of a factor of 12 at RT. ITIC-4F and ITIC-4Cl exhibit similar characteristics. The results reveal the importance of diffusion coefficients and melting enthalpies in controlling the growth rates, and that differences in halogenation can drastically change crystallization kinetics and device stability. It is furthermore delineated how low nucleation density and large growth rates can be inferred from DSC and microscopy experiments which could be used to guide molecular design for stability.

6.
Adv Mater ; : e2005386, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150672

RESUMO

Organic solar cells (OSCs) based on D18:Y6 have recently exhibited a record power conversion efficiency of over 18%. The initial work is extended and the device performance of D18-based OSCs is compared with three non-fullerene acceptors, Y6, IT-4F, and IEICO-4Cl, and their molecular packing characteristics and miscibility are studied. The D18 polymer shows unusually strong chain extension and excellent backbone ordering in all films, which likely contributes to the excellent hole-transporting properties. Thermodynamic characterization indicates a room-temperature miscibility for D18:Y6 and D18:IT-4F near the percolation threshold. This corresponds to an ideal quench depth and explains the use of solvent vapor annealing rather than thermal annealing. In contrast, D18:IEICO-4Cl is a low-miscibility system with a deep quench depth during casting and poor morphology control and low performance. A failure of ternary blends with PC71 BM is likely due to the near-ideal miscibility of Y6 to begin with and indicates that strategies for developing successful ternary or quaternary solar cells are likely very different for D18 than for other high-performing donors. This work reveals several unique property-performance relations of D18-based photovoltaic devices and helps guide design or fabrication of yet higher efficiency OSCs.

7.
Small ; : e2003865, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150725

RESUMO

Solution-processed Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2  (CIGS) has a great potential for the production of large-area photovoltaic devices at low cost. However, CIGS solar cells processed from solution exhibit relatively lower performance compared to vacuum-processed devices because of a lack of proper composition distribution, which is mainly instigated by the limited Se uptake during chalcogenization. In this work, a unique potassium treatment method is utilized to improve the selenium uptake judiciously, enhancing grain sizes and forming a wider bandgap minimum region. Careful engineering of the bandgap grading structure also results in an enlarged space charge region, which is favorable for electron-hole separation and efficient charge carrier collection. Besides, this device processing approach has led to a linearly increasing electron diffusion length and carrier lifetime with increasing the grain size of the CIGS film, which is a critical achievement for enhancing photocurrent yield. Overall, 15% of power conversion efficiency is achieved in solar cells processed from environmentally benign solutions. This approach offers critical insights for precise device design and processing rules for solution-processed CIGS solar cells.

8.
Adv Mater ; : e2003500, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185952

RESUMO

Developing high-performance donor polymers is important for nonfullerene organic solar cells (NF-OSCs), as state-of-the-art nonfullerene acceptors can only perform well if they are coupled with a matching donor with suitable energy levels. However, there are very limited choices of donor polymers for NF-OSCs, and the most commonly used ones are polymers named PM6 and PM7, which suffer from several problems. First, the performance of these polymers (particularly PM7) relies on precise control of their molecular weights. Also, their optimal morphology is extremely sensitive to any structural modification. In this work, a family of donor polymers is developed based on a random polymerization strategy. These polymers can achieve well-controlled morphology and high-performance with a variety of chemical structures and molecular weights. The polymer donors are D-A1-D-A2-type random copolymers in which the D and A1 units are monomers originating from PM6 or PM7, while the A2 unit comprises an electron-deficient core flanked by two thiophene rings with branched alkyl chains. Consequently, multiple cases of highly efficient NF-OSCs are achieved with efficiencies between 16.0% and 17.1%. As the electron-deficient cores can be changed to many other structural units, the strategy can easily expand the choices of high-performance donor polymers for NF-OSCs.

9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5220, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060574

RESUMO

The short exciton diffusion length associated with most classical organic semiconductors used in organic photovoltaics (5-20 nm) imposes severe limits on the maximum size of the donor and acceptor domains within the photoactive layer of the cell. Identifying materials that are able to transport excitons over longer distances can help advancing our understanding and lead to solar cells with higher efficiency. Here, we measure the exciton diffusion length in a wide range of nonfullerene acceptor molecules using two different experimental techniques based on photocurrent and ultrafast spectroscopy measurements. The acceptors exhibit balanced ambipolar charge transport and surprisingly long exciton diffusion lengths in the range of 20 to 47 nm. With the aid of quantum-chemical calculations, we are able to rationalize the exciton dynamics and draw basic chemical design rules, particularly on the importance of the end-group substituent on the crystal packing of nonfullerene acceptors.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058442

RESUMO

Regulating molecular structure to optimize the active layer morphology is of considerable significance for improving the power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) in organic solar cells (OSCs). Herein, we demonstrated a simple ternary copolymerization approach to develop a terpolymer donor PM6-Tz20 by incorporating the 5,5'-dithienyl-2,2'-bithiazole (DTBTz, 20 mol%) unit into the backbone of PM6 (PM6-Tz00). This method can effectively tailor the molecular orientation and aggregation of the polymer, and then optimize the active layer morphology and the corresponding physical processes of devices, ultimately boosting FF and then PCE. Hence, the PM6-Tz20: Y6-based OSCs achieved a PCE of up to 17.1% with a significantly enhanced FF of 0.77. Using Ag (220 nm) instead of Al (100 nm) as cathode, the champion PCE was further improved to 17.6%. This work provides a simple and effective molecular design strategy to optimize the active layer morphology of OSCs for improving photovoltaic performance.

11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(35): 21147-21154, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817532

RESUMO

Semitransparent organic photovoltaic cells (ST-OPVs) are emerging as a solution for solar energy harvesting on building facades, rooftops, and windows. However, the trade-off between power-conversion efficiency (PCE) and the average photopic transmission (APT) in color-neutral devices limits their utility as attractive, power-generating windows. A color-neutral ST-OPV is demonstrated by using a transparent indium tin oxide (ITO) anode along with a narrow energy gap nonfullerene acceptor near-infrared (NIR) absorbing cell and outcoupling (OC) coatings on the exit surface. The device exhibits PCE = 8.1 ± 0.3% and APT = 43.3 ± 1.2% that combine to achieve a light-utilization efficiency of LUE = 3.5 ± 0.1%. Commission Internationale d'eclairage chromaticity coordinates of (0.38, 0.39), a color-rendering index of 86, and a correlated color temperature of 4,143 K are obtained for simulated AM1.5 illumination transmitted through the cell. Using an ultrathin metal anode in place of ITO, we demonstrate a slightly green-tinted ST-OPV with PCE = 10.8 ± 0.5% and APT = 45.7 ± 2.1% yielding LUE = 5.0 ± 0.3% These results indicate that ST-OPVs can combine both efficiency and color neutrality in a single device.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427404

RESUMO

Demonstrated in this work is a simple random ternary copolymerization strategy to synthesize a series of polymer acceptors, PTPBT-ETx , by polymerizing a small-molecule acceptor unit modified from Y6 with a thiophene connecting unit and a controlled amount of an 3-ethylesterthiophene (ET) unit. Compared to PTPBT of only Y6-like units and thiophene units, PTPBT-ETx (where x represents the molar ratio of the ET unit) with an incorporated ET unit in the ternary copolymers show up-shifted LUMO energy levels, increased electron mobilities, and improved blend morphologies in the blend film with the polymer donor PBDB-T. And the all-polymer solar cell (all-PSC) based on PBDB-T:PTPBT-ET0.3 achieved a high power conversion efficiency over 12.5 %. In addition, the PTPBT-ET0.3 -based all-PSC also exhibits long-term photostability over 300 hours.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(23): 26239-26249, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410453

RESUMO

High-performance low-band-gap polymer semiconductors are visibly colored, making them unsuitable for transparent and imperceptible electronics without reducing film thickness to the nanoscale range. Herein, we demonstrate polymer/insulator blends exhibiting favorable miscibility that improves the transparency and carrier transport in an organic field-effect transistor (OFET) device. The mesoscale structures leading to more efficient charge transport in ultrathin films relevant to the realization of transparent and flexible electronic applications are explored based on thermodynamic material interaction principles in conjunction with optical and morphological studies. By blending the commodity polymer polystyrene (PS) with two high-performing polymers, PDPP3T and P (NDI2OD-T2) (known as N2200), a drastic difference in morphology and fiber network are observed due to considerable differences in the degree of thermodynamic interaction between the conjugated polymers and PS. Intrinsic material interaction behavior establishes a long-range intermolecular interaction in the PDPP3T polymer fibrillar network dispersed in the majority (80%) PS matrix resulting in a ca. 3-fold increased transistor hole mobility of 1.15 cm2 V-1 s-1 (highest = 1.5 cm2 V-1 s-1) as compared to the pristine material, while PS barely affects the electron mobility in N2200. These basic findings provide important guidelines to achieve high mobility in transparent OFETs.

14.
Adv Mater ; 32(16): e1906571, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32108964

RESUMO

Quasi-2D Ruddlesden-Popper halide perovskites with a large exciton binding energy, self-assembled quantum wells, and high quantum yield draw attention for optoelectronic device applications. Thin films of these quasi-2D perovskites consist of a mixture of domains having different dimensionality, allowing energy funneling from lower-dimensional nanosheets (high-bandgap domains) to 3D nanocrystals (low-bandgap domains). High-quality quasi-2D perovskite (PEA)2 (FA)3 Pb4 Br13 films are fabricated by solution engineering. Grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering measurements are conducted to study the crystal orientation, and transient absorption spectroscopy measurements are conducted to study the charge-carrier dynamics. These data show that highly oriented 2D crystal films have a faster energy transfer from the high-bandgap domains to the low-bandgap domains (<0.5 ps) compared to the randomly oriented films. High-performance light-emitting diodes can be realized with these highly oriented 2D films. Finally, amplified spontaneous emission with a low threshold 4.16 µJ cm-2 is achieved and distributed feedback lasers are also demonstrated. These results show that it is important to control the morphology of the quasi-2D films to achieve efficient energy transfer, which is a critical requirement for light-emitting devices.

15.
Data Brief ; 28: 104996, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909105

RESUMO

Voltage data acquired after probe signal transmitted through the organic film and reflected off the film surface as a function of 0.36 mW millimeter wave signal frequency in the range 110-160 GHz. Five different organic photovoltaic (OPV) materials and one 95:5 blend produced at 2 spin rates are used. These materials are a) fluorinated 2-alkyl-benzol[d] [1-3]triazole (FTAZ), a high hole-mobility polymer used for transistors and photovoltaics, b) diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP3T), an acceptor polymer used in field-effect transistors (FET), c) Y5(PffBT4T-2OD) film that possesses remarkable temperature controllable morphology, d) a neat conjugated polymer P3HT, Poly(3-(hexylthiophene-2,5diyl) film that is used in optoelectronic devices and as a conductive binder for Li-ion batteries, e) phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) films and its soluble derivatives used as n-type organic semiconductors, and f) excitonic photovoltaic material 95%:5% donor-acceptor blend P3HT:PCBM produced by 2 different spin rates. Measurement of direct-current (dc) transmitted and reflected power (RF voltage signal) are measured using a newly developed continuous wave (CW) D-waveguide band probe (110-160 GHz) apparatus named time-resolved millimeter wave conductivity (TR-mmWC) [1]. Transmission and first surface reflection voltages are captured by a zero-bias Schottky barrier diode (ZBD) and converted to relevant dc voltages. Original voltage signal datasets attached with this can be utilized for photovoltaic, dielectric property estimation, and other semiconductor physics applications. A manually collected dataset of transmission and reflection coefficient at incident probe power level ∼0.9 mW for 95:5 P3HT:PCBM films produced at 2 different spin rates, and one separately only for the neat P3HT film are also presented here in tabular form.

16.
Small ; 15(44): e1902656, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513342

RESUMO

Small molecule solar cells (SMSCs) lag a long way behind polymer solar cells. A key limit is the less controllable morphology of small molecule materials, which can be aggravated when incorporating anisotropic nonfullerene acceptors. To fine-tune the blending morphology within SMSCs, a π-conjunction curtailing design is applied, which produces a efficient benzodithionopyran-cored molecular acceptor for nonfullerene SMSCs (NF-SMSCs). When blended with a molecular donor BDT3TR-SF to fabricate NF-SMSCs, the π-conjunction curtailed molecular acceptor NBDTP-M obtains an optimal power conversion efficiency (PCE) of up to 10.23%, which is much higher than that of NBDTTP-M of longer π-conjunction. It retains 93% of the PCE of devices fabricated in a glove box when all spin-coating and post-treating procedures are conducted in ambient air with relative humidity of 25%, which suggests the good air-processing capability of π-conjunction curtailed molecules. Detailed X-ray scattering investigations indicate that the BDT3TR-SF:NBDTP-M blend exhibits a blend morphology featuring fine interpenetrating networks with smaller domains and higher phase purity, which results in more efficient charge generation, more balanced charge transport, and less recombination compared to the low-performance BDT3TR-SF:NBDTTP-M blend. This work provides a guideline for molecular acceptors' design toward efficient, low-cost, air-processed NF-SMSCs.

17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1276, 2019 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894519

RESUMO

Two-dimensional perovskites have emerged as more intrinsically stable materials for solar cells. Chemical tuning of spacer organic cations has attracted great interest due to their additional functionalities. However, how the chemical nature of the organic cations affects the properties of two-dimensional perovskites and devices is rarely reported. Here we demonstrate that the selection of spacer cations (i.e., selective fluorination of phenethylammonium) affects the film properties of two-dimensional perovskites, leading to different device performance of two-dimensional perovskite solar cells (average n = 4). Structural analysis reveals that different packing arrangements and orientational disorder of the spacer cations result in orientational degeneracy and different formation energies, largely explaining the difference in film properties. This work provides key missing information on how spacer cations exert influence on desirable electronic properties and device performance of two-dimensional perovskites via the weak and cooperative interactions of these cations in the crystal lattice.

18.
Adv Mater ; 31(17): e1808279, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882967

RESUMO

Organic solar cells (OSCs) are one of the most promising cost-effective options for utilizing solar energy, and, while the field of OSCs has progressed rapidly in device performance in the past few years, the stability of nonfullerene OSCs has received less attention. Developing devices with both high performance and long-term stability remains challenging, particularly if the material choice is restricted by roll-to-roll and benign solvent processing requirements and desirable mechanical durability. Building upon the ink (toluene:FTAZ:IT-M) that broke the 10% benchmark when blade-coated in air, a second donor material (PBDB-T) is introduced to stabilize and enhance performance with power conversion efficiency over 13% while keeping toluene as the solvent. More importantly, the ternary OSCs exhibit excellent thermal stability and storage stability while retaining high ductility. The excellent performance and stability are mainly attributed to the inhibition of the crystallization of nonfullerene small-molecular acceptors (SMAs) by introducing a stiff donor that also shows low miscibility with the nonfullerene SMA and a slightly higher highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) than the host polymer. The study indicates that improved stability and performance can be achieved in a synergistic way without significant embrittlement, which will accelerate the future development and application of nonfullerene OSCs.

19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1008, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824699

RESUMO

Layered perovskites have been shown to improve the stability of perovskite solar cells while its operation mechanism remains unclear. Here we investigate the process for the conversion of light to electrical current in high performance layered perovskite solar cells by examining its real morphology. The layered perovskite films in this study are found to be a mixture of layered and three dimensional (3D)-like phases with phase separations at micrometer and nanometer scale in both vertical and lateral directions. This phase separation is explained by the surface initiated crystallization process and the competition of the crystallization between 3D-like and layered perovskites. We further propose that the working mechanisms of the layered perovskite solar cells involve energy transfer from layered to 3D-like perovskite network. The impact of morphology on efficiency and stability of the hot-cast layered perovskite solar cells are also discussed to provide guidelines for the future improvement.

20.
Adv Mater ; 31(17): e1808153, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30873701

RESUMO

Casting of a donor:acceptor bulk-heterojunction structure from a single ink has been the predominant fabrication method of organic photovoltaics (OPVs). Despite the success of such bulk heterojunctions, the task ofcontrolling the microstructure in a single casting process has been arduous and alternative approaches are desired. To achieve OPVs with a desirable microstructure, a facile and eco-compatible sequential deposition approach is demonstrated for polymer/small-molecule pairs. Using a nominally amorphous polymer as the model material, the profound influence of casting solvent is shown on the molecular ordering of the film, and thus the device performance and mesoscale morphology of sequentially deposited OPVs can be tuned. Static and in situ X-ray scattering indicate that applying (R)-(+)-limonene is able to greatly promote the molecular order of weakly crystalline polymers and form the largest domain spacing exclusively, which correlates well with the best efficiency of 12.5% in sequentially deposited devices. The sequentially cast device generally outperforms its control device based on traditional single-ink bulk-heterojunction structure. More crucially, a simple polymer:solvent interaction parameter χ is positively correlated with domain spacing in these sequentially deposited devices. These findings shed light on innovative approaches to rationally create environmentally friendly and highly efficient electronics.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...