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Int J Clin Pract ; 75(5): e14056, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33525057


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current analysis is to evaluate the predominance of vitamin D inadequacy in children with supracondylar fracture of the humerus. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at Dr Ruth K. M. Pfau Civil, Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from December 2019 to July 2020. Patients aged 18 months-18 years presenting with supracondylar fractures were included in the study. Patients were divided into four groups based on their age as toddlers (18 months to 3 years), pre-school age (3-5 years), school-age (6 to 11 years) and adolescents (11-18 years). RESULTS: A total of 227 children presented with upper limb fractures of which 72 (31.7%) were supracondylar. The mean vitamin D level was found to be 32.5 ± 9.1 ng/mL. Of the study subjects, low vitamin D levels were found in 34.7% (n = 25), adequate in 59.7% (n = 43) and ideal in 5.5% (n = 4) of patients. The mean vitamin D levels for toddlers were 33.5 ng/mL, for preschool children was 27.66 ng/mL, for school-age children was 30.4 ng/mL and for adolescents was 37 ng/mL. CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency is not only restricted to Pakistan but also other parts of the world, although the reasons may vary in each of those regions. However, vitamin D supplementation in all parts of the globe can prevent a significant number of fractures. This prevalence study showed vitamin D deficiency in 35% of children with supracondylar fractures, with the lowest mean values in the preschool age group.

Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Úmero , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
Cureus ; 11(10): e5923, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857919


Introduction Tibial fractures with nonunion are frequently managed with Ilizarov external fixation. Living with an external frame has some psychological impact which is readily neglected from the literature. We conducted a study to evaluate the status of limb functionality in patients managed with the Ilizarov external ring fixator technique and assess their self-esteem while living with the frame. Materials and methods This is a prospective observational study conducted in the Orthopedic Department of Dr. Ruth KM Phau Civil Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from June 2018 to June 2019. A total of 26 patients consecutively managed with Ilizarov external fixation for infected nonunion, with unilateral tibial fractures, were included. To assess the postoperative functionality status, lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) was used. To assess and evaluate the impact of the external frame application on the self-esteem of these patients, Rosenberg's self-esteem (RSE) scale was used. For each patient, LEFS and RSE scales were administered at the time of hospital discharge, after six months of frame application, and at the time of removal of the frame. Results The mean duration of hospital stay was 4.11 ± 1.23 weeks. The mean LEFS scores increased by 47% from hospital discharge until the time of frame removal. The differences were highly significant (p < 0.001). There was a 12% decline in the mean score of self-esteem from the time of discharge till the time of removal of the Ilizarov frame and these differences were highly significant (p < 0.001). Conclusion Ilizarov technique improves the limb functionality status significantly in participants with a unilateral tibial fracture. However, it also reduces their self-esteem during the period of frame application. Psychological support is recommended for participants living with an external fixation frame to protect their self-esteem.

Cureus ; 11(5): e4585, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309010


Introduction Trigger finger (TF) is a common cause of hand pain, swelling, and limited motion. It is common in women and in the thumb. Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of TF. Individuals with DM who develop TF are resistant to both medical and surgical interventions. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of percutaneous trigger release in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Methods Fifty diabetic and 50 non-diabetic patients with a clinical diagnosis of TF were included after informed consent. Percutaneous trigger release was performed in all of them. Follow-ups for pain and/or neurovascular complications were taken after one week, one month, and six months. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS v. 22 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, US). Results In the diabetic group, 86% of patients had TF of grade III or above and in the non-diabetic group, 76% of patients had TF of grade III or above. At the one-week follow-up, 79.2% diabetic patients still had mild to severe pain and 60.4% non-diabetic patients had mild to severe pain. By one month, 40% patients in the diabetic group still reported mild to moderate pain, however, all patients in the non-diabetic group reported no pain. By six months, nine (20%) diabetic patients reported mild pain. There was no incidence of infection or neurovascular damage at any follow-up in the non-diabetic group, and in the diabetic group, 4.2% of patients had an infection on the one-week follow-up. Conclusion Percutaneous trigger finger release is a safe, reliable, time-saving, and cost-effective procedure for the management of trigger finger in both diabetic and non-diabetic patients.

Cureus ; 11(4): e4466, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31249744


Introduction Metacarpal fractures account for the majority of hand fractures. Inadequate management can cause functional deficit which can lead to loss of fine hand movements. Adequate management has proven to give good outcomes. The use of intramedullary screws has given better results than the use of Kirschner wires (K-wires). Method This study was conducted at Dr. Ruth Phau Civil Hospital, Karachi (CHK) between August 1, 2018 and January 31, 2019. A total of 32 patients presented with metacarpal fractures. They were surgically managed with intramedullary headless screw fixation. Post-operatively, grip strength, range of motion, and presence of any disabilities were recorded. Patients were followed up to three months. Results Out of 32 patients, six were females. Mean age was found to be 29.1 ± 10.5 years. Post-operatively the mean grip strength was found to be 37.8 ± 7.3 kilograms. The mean total active range of motion was found to be 242.8 ±14.5 degrees. The mean days to return back to work were 25 ± 5.4 days. The mean patient satisfaction score was 8.1 ± 0.79. Three patients developed post-operative stiffness of the joint. Conclusion Patients with intramedullary screw fixation have good post-operative results with early return to work.

Cureus ; 10(8): e3096, 2018 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30338172


Objective Burnout is exceptionally pervasive among medical professionals, especially surgeons, and is considered the main indicator of surgeons' fulfillment with career choice. Our objectives are to discover the extent of orthopedic specialist burnout in Pakistan and to explore the clinical impact of burnout. The efficacy of surgeons may be enhanced by implementing burnout prevention and treatment plans. Data collection This observational study was conducted from April 2018 to May 2018 in various tertiary care hospitals in Pakistan and includes post-graduate trainees and consultants. Those who agreed to be part of this study were asked to complete a self-structured questionnaire about demographics and burnout. The questionnaire had 28 questions based on a standard questionnaire from the American Public Welfare Association. Results In our study, 15% (n=15) of respondents had advance burnout, 22% (n=22) had early burnout, and 43% (n=49) had a fair chance of burnout. All 15 participants suffering from advance burnout were consultants. Of participants suffering from early burnout, 36.3% (n=8) were consultants, and 63.7% (n=14) were post-graduate trainees. Conclusion Compared to other countries, the burnout rate is higher among Pakistani orthopedic surgeons. Special care and attention should be paid towards the stress and workload of surgeons.