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1.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0254698, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a common and severe complication of abdominal surgery, it is associated with increased length of hospital stay, healthcare costs, and mortality. Further, pulmonary complication rates have risen during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. This study explored the potential cost-effectiveness of administering preoperative chlorhexidine mouthwash versus no-mouthwash at reducing postoperative pneumonia among abdominal surgery patients. METHODS: A decision analytic model taking the South African healthcare provider perspective was constructed to compare costs and benefits of mouthwash versus no-mouthwash-surgery at 30 days after abdominal surgery. We assumed two scenarios: (i) the absence of COVID-19; (ii) the presence of COVID-19. Input parameters were collected from published literature including prospective cohort studies and expert opinion. Effectiveness was measured as proportion of pneumonia patients. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the impact of parameter uncertainties. The results of the probabilistic sensitivity analysis were presented using cost-effectiveness planes and cost-effectiveness acceptability curves. RESULTS: In the absence of COVID-19, mouthwash had lower average costs compared to no-mouthwash-surgery, $3,675 (R 63,770) versus $3,958 (R 68,683), and lower proportion of pneumonia patients, 0.029 versus 0.042 (dominance of mouthwash intervention). In the presence of COVID-19, the increase in pneumonia rate due to COVID-19, made mouthwash more dominant as it was more beneficial to reduce pneumonia patients through administering mouthwash. The cost-effectiveness acceptability curves shown that mouthwash surgery is likely to be cost-effective between $0 (R0) and $15,000 (R 260,220) willingness to pay thresholds. CONCLUSIONS: Both the absence and presence of SARS-CoV-2, mouthwash is likely to be cost saving intervention for reducing pneumonia after abdominal surgery. However, the available evidence for the effectiveness of mouthwash was extrapolated from cardiac surgery; there is now an urgent need for a robust clinical trial on the intervention on non-cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Modelos Teóricos , Pneumonia/prevenção & controle , COVID-19 , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Antissépticos Bucais , Pandemias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Estudos Prospectivos , África do Sul
3.
Ann Surg ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214454

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to define a globally applicable list of surgical procedures, or "basket", which could represent a health system's capacity to provide surgical care and standardize global surgical measurement. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Six indicators have been proposed to assess access to safe, affordable, timely surgical and anesthesia care, with a focus on laparotomy, caesarean section, and treatment of open fracture. However, comparability, particularly for these procedures, has been limited by a lack of definitional clarity and their overly broad scope. METHODS: We conducted a three round international expert Delphi exercise between April and June 2019 using REDCap to identify a set of procedures representative of surgical capacity. To be included, procedures had to be important for treating common conditions, well-defined, and impactful (i.e. well-recognized clinical or functional benefit). Procedures were eliminated or prioritized in each round, and those noted as "extremely" or "very important" by ≥ 50% of respondents in round 3 were included in the final "basket". RESULTS: Altogether 331 respondents from 78 countries participated in the Delphi process. A final basket of 32 procedures representing diseases categories in trauma, cancer, congenital anomalies, maternal/reproductive health, aging, and infection were identified as important for inclusion to assess surgical capacity. CONCLUSIONS: This surgical basket could allow a more standardized assessment of a country's surgical system. Further testing and refinement will likely be needed, but this basket can be used immediately to guide ongoing monitoring and evaluation of global surgery capacities to improve and strengthen surgery and anesthesia care.

6.
Niger J Surg ; 26(1): 78-80, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32165842

RESUMO

Hirschsprung's disease is a relatively common disease in pediatric colorectal surgery. The treatment modalities have evolved from third-stage to single-stage in the past three decades. The single-stage procedure can be performed using the open, transanal or laparoscopy-assisted techniques. We use these cases to illustrate the first laparoscopically assisted procedures for Hirschsprung's disease in our center. The laparoscopic-assisted technique is described, and lessons in collaboration across institutions and within institutions are discussed.

7.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223423, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries, data on the prevalence of surgical diseases have been derived primarily from hospital-based studies, which may lead to an underestimation of disease burden within the community. Community-based prevalence studies may provide better estimates of surgical need to enable proper resource allocation and prioritization of needs. This study aims to assess the prevalence of common surgical conditions among children in a diverse rural and urban population in Nigeria. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional, community-based study to determine the prevalence of congenital and acquired surgical conditions among children in a diverse rural-urban area of Nigeria was conducted. Households, defined as one or more persons 'who eat from the same pot' or slept under the same roof the night before the interview, were randomized for inclusion in the study. Data was collected using an adapted and modified version of the interviewer-administered questionnaire-Surgeons OverSeas Assessment of Surgical Need (SOSAS) survey tool and analysed using the REDCap web-based analytic application. MAIN RESULTS: Eight-hundred-and-fifty-six households were surveyed, comprising 1,883 children. Eighty-one conditions were identified, the most common being umbilical hernias (20), inguinal hernias (13), and wound injuries to the extremities (9). The prevalence per 10,000 children was 85 for umbilical hernias (95% CI: 47, 123), and 61 for inguinal hernias (95% CI: 34, 88). The prevalence of hydroceles and undescended testes was comparable at 22 and 26 per 10,000 children, respectively. Children with surgical conditions had similar sociodemographic characteristics to healthy children in the study population. CONCLUSION: The most common congenital surgical conditions in our setting were umbilical hernias, while injuries were the most common acquired conditions. From our study, it is estimated that there will be about 2.9 million children with surgically correctable conditions in the nation. This suggests an acute need for training more paediatric surgeons.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Pediatria , População Rural , Cirurgiões , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Prevalência
8.
Niger J Surg ; 25(1): 30-35, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31007509

RESUMO

Background: Surgery as a public health priority has received little attention until recently. There is a significant unmeasured and unmet burden of surgical illness in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Our aim was to generate a consensus among expert pediatric surgeons practicing in LMICs regarding the spectrum of pediatric surgical conditions that we should look out for in a community-based survey for Surgeons OverSeas Assessment of Surgical Needs Nigeria study. Materials and Methods: The Delphi methodology was utilized to identify sets of variables from among a panel of experts. Each variable was scored on a 5-point Likert scale. The experts were provided with an anonymous summary of the results after the first round. A consensus was achieved after two rounds, defined by an improvement in the standard deviation (SD) of scores for a particular variable over that of the previous round. We invited 76 pediatric surgeons through e-mail across Africa but predominantly from Nigeria. Results: Twenty-one pediatric surgeons gave consent to participate through return of mail. Thirteen (62%) answered the first round statements and 8 (38%) the second round. In general, the strength of agreement to all statements of the questionnaire improved between the first and second rounds. Overall consensus, as expressed by the decrease in the mean SD from 0.84 in the first round to 0.68 in the second round, also improved over time. The strength of consensus improved for 23 (74%) of the statements. The strength of consensus decreased for the remaining 8 (26%) of statements. Out of the 31 consensus-generating statements, 16 (51%) scored high agreement, 13 (42%) scored low agreement, and 2 (15%) scored perfect disagreement. Conclusion: We have successfully identified the pediatric surgical conditions to be included in any community survey of pediatric surgical need in an LMIC setting.

9.
World J Surg ; 43(6): 1450-1455, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30506288

RESUMO

Investing in surgery has been highlighted as integral to strengthening overall health systems and increasing economic prosperity in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). The provision of surgical care in LMICs not only affects economies on a macro-level, but also impacts individual families within communities at a microeconomic level. Given that children represent 50% of the population in LMICs and the burden of unmet surgical needs in these areas is high, investing pediatric-specific components of surgical and anesthesia care is needed. Implementation efforts for pediatric surgical care include incorporating surgery-specific priorities into the global child health initiatives, improving global health financing for scale-up activities for children, increasing financial risk protection mechanisms for families of children with surgical needs, and including comprehensive pediatric surgical models of care into country-level plans.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/economia , Saúde Global/economia , Financiamento da Assistência à Saúde , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/economia , Anestesiologia , Criança , Países em Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Pediatria/economia
10.
Niger Postgrad Med J ; 25(1): 48-51, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676346

RESUMO

Background: The use of honey as an escharotic agent in the conservative management of omphalocele major has not been widely explored in spite of its proven benefits in chronic wound management. We explored the use of local honey as an escharotic agent by comparing its use with 2.5% formal saline in the conservative management of major omphaloceles at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: From January 2006 to December 2009, 43 consecutive newborns with intact omphalocele major were alternately assigned into either Honey (H) or formal saline (FS) group. The membrane cover of each omphalocele was painted with the allotted group agent once every 48 h. The occurrence of faecal fistulas, rupture of eschar, intestinal obstruction as well as the mean duration of full wound healing, infection rates and overall mortality rates were compiled for the two groups. Results: Eighteen newborns were assigned to the FS group while 25 others were prospectively enrolled into the H group. The age, sex and weight of newborns in both groups at presentation were comparable. Three omphaloceles (16.7%) ruptured and eviscerated among the FS group during the study while 1 (4%) of these occurred in the H group. Four (22.2%) cases of faecal fistula occurred in the FS group while none was recorded in the H group. One (5.6%) patient in the FS group developed small bowel stricture. This was not recorded in the honey group. Overall, there were 8 (44.4%) complications in the FS group and 1 (4%) in the H group. There was no statistical difference between the two groups concerning the occurrence of fistulae, sac rupture or bowel stricture. However, overall number of complications was statistically more in the FS group when compared to the H group (P < 0.05). Wounds in the H group healed within a mean period of 34.4 ± 4.9 days while those in the FS group healed within a mean period of 45.7 ± 6.8 days P < 0.01). Conclusion: Honey is a good escharotics agent in the conservative management of major omphaloceles. Honey promotes faster healing and unlike 2.5% formal saline, is not significantly associated with faecal fistulas, rupture or bowel stricture.


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Hérnia Umbilical/terapia , Mel , Solução Salina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Nigéria , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
11.
Afr J Paediatr Surg ; 14(1): 5-7, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29487267

RESUMO

Background: The Plastibell is the most popular circumcision method among mothers in our city. Haemorrhage is its major problem. At our centre, we have recorded many circumcision problems resulting from prolonged retention of the Plastibell ring and this study, therefore, sought to explore the ways of reducing complications resulting from prolonged retention of the ring. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective study, in which a total of sixty consecutive male neonates were recruited with all undergoing circumcision using the Plastibell device. Thirty patients were assigned to the subject group, in whom the Plastibell ring was removed by the investigator at 24 h while the other thirty constituted the control group whose Plastibell rings were allowed to fall off on their own. The patients selected were aged between 7 and 28 days. Results: Overall, 4 (6.6%) of the sixty neonatal circumcisions in this study were complicated by haemorrhage. There was minor bleeding in 3 (10%) of the thirty subjects and 1 (3.3%) of the thirty controls. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups (P = 0.3006). One patient each from the subject and control groups bled following slipped ligature a few hours after Plastibell circumcision. The other two patients in the subject group bled following the removal of the Plastibell ring at 24 h. All the bleeding episodes were effectively controlled within 5 min by firm digital pressure only administered through a piece of dry, sterile gauze. Conclusion: Post-circumcision haemorrhage was not significantly different between circumcised babies whose Plastibell rings were removed at 24 h and those in whom it was left to fall off on its own.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Masculina/instrumentação , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória , Hemostasia Cirúrgica , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Niger Postgrad Med J ; 23(1): 21-4, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27098945

RESUMO

AIMS: Hypospadias is a common congenital anomaly of the urethra and phallus, which is not life threatening. It is thus less prioritised in a resource-limited setting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of hypospadias by our paediatric surgery unit and determine the factors affecting the delay between presentation and surgical repair while proffering possible solutions to such delay in hypospadias repair surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all hypospadias repair surgeries carried out by our paediatric surgery unit over a 38-month period, evaluating the period between presentation and first surgery for each patient. Data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20.0 (IBM Corp., Released 2011, Armonk, NY, USA). Chi-square test was used to compare categorical variables and P ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: In 38 months, 47 operations for hypospadias were carried out on 42 boys. Thirty-seven patients (88.1%) had >3 months delay to surgery. The most frequent contributory factor to delay was unavailable theatre space (13 patients, 31%). Surgical outcome was good in only 16 patients (44%). Of the 16 patients with good outcome, 10 (63%) were operated between the ages of 2-4 years (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Multiple factors are responsible for delays in carrying out hypospadias surgery in resource-limited environments, notably securing a functional operating theatre suite in the light of more urgent conditions. To combat these delays, we recommend having dedicated hypospadias repair sessions and surgeons dedicated to hypospadias repair. Hypospadias outreach camps are also proposed.


Assuntos
Hipospadia/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos , Listas de Espera , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Nigéria , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra
13.
Afr J Paediatr Surg ; 13(4): 217-222, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28051057

RESUMO

We report the case of a 23-day-old neonate with neuroblastoma (NBL) in the right adrenal gland and widespread metastases to the liver. This raises the possibility of foetal NBL, which was missed during periodic ultrasonography done during the mother's pregnancy. We hope that this report would increase the awareness of physicians about foetal, congenital and neonatal NBL; and of sonographers about space-occupying lesions in the foetus. The clinicopathologic features and the management of neonatal NBL are discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neuroblastoma/secundário , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neuroblastoma/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Afr J Paediatr Surg ; 10(2): 127-30, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23860061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of ultrasonography in the pre-operative localisation of undescended testes has become controversial due to fears about its accuracy. This study was designed to ascertain the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of ultrasonography in the localisation of the undescended testes in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective evaluation of all boys undergoing operation for undescended testes at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos, over a 12 month period was performed. The pre-operative clinical and ultrasound findings were compared with the findings on surgical exploration. RESULTS: Forty boys with 52 undescended testes were studied. The mean age of the boys at the time of surgery was 4.0 ± 0 years (range 1-11 years). Forty-six (88.5%) testes were localised pre-operatively by ultrasound- 20 of 22 (90.9%) palpable testes and 26 of 30 (86.7%) non-palpable testes. Intra-operatively, 49 (94.2%) of the undescended testes were found while 3 (5.8%) were absent/vanishing testes. Ultrasound evaluation had an accuracy of 86.5%, sensitivity of 89.8%, and specificity of 33.3%, PPV of 95.7% and a NPV of 16.7%. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound assessment is beneficial in pre-operative evaluation of children with undescended testes.


Assuntos
Criptorquidismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Aumento da Imagem , Testículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ultrassonografia
15.
Niger Med J ; 54(6): 408-10, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24665156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of haemoglobinopathies in children who require day case herniotomy in our centre and ascertain if routine screening is necessary in all patients who require herniotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 12-month retrospective analysis of patients requiring herniotomy in our centre. Data including age, sex, diagnosis, haemoglobin electrophoresis status, surgical outcome and hospital stay were analysed. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients had complete records. There were 84 boys and 11 girls. M:F ratio: 7.6:1. The mean age was 3.2 ± 0.6 years. Fifty-five point eight per cent of the patients had right inguinal hernias while 35.8% had left inguinal hernias. Eight patients (8.4%) had bilateral inguinal hernias. Twenty-six patients (27.4%) had haemoglobinopathies while 69 patients (72.6%) had homozygous Haemoglobin A. The Sickle Cell trait (HbAS) was found in 22 patients (23.2%) while the HbAC was found in three patients (3.2%). One patient (1.1%) had Sickle Cell disease (Haemoglobin SS). He had had blood transfusion and previous history of jaundice. All patients survived and all patients were discharged on the day of surgery (mean hospital stay: 4hrs (range: 2.5 hrs-12 hrs)) except the patient with Sickle Cell disease who was admitted a day before surgery and discharged a day after the operation. CONCLUSION: One in four children coming for day case herniotomy in our centre had the Sickle Cell trait while only 1% had the Sickle Cell disease. These findings are in keeping with the prevalence in the Nigerian population. Routine screening may not be necessary for all patients coming for herniotomy in our centre. Clear indication(s) should be outlined for screening.

16.
Afr J Paediatr Surg ; 9(3): 237-9, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23250247

RESUMO

Alimentary tract duplications are uncommon congenital anomalies that may be found anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract. They have a diverse presentation and often times present with complications of intestinal obstruction and/or lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage. We report a very rare finding of a colonic duplication cyst which presented as an ileal volvulus in a young girl. While available investigations were non-specific, the child survived on account of an early decision to operate. She had resection of the duplication cyst and ileo-colic anastomosis. She made good recovery post-operatively. A high index of suspicion is necessary on the part of clinicians to recognise this condition. Early operative intervention is necessary in the developing world setting where state of the art investigations are not available for accurate pre-operative diagnosis.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Colo Ascendente , Neoplasias do Colo/complicações , Cistos/complicações , Volvo Intestinal/etiologia , Criança , Neoplasias do Colo/congênito , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia , Cistos/congênito , Cistos/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Volvo Intestinal/diagnóstico , Volvo Intestinal/cirurgia , Radiografia Abdominal
17.
Niger Med J ; 53(2): 76-9, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23271850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric surgical emergencies are associated with higher morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology of non-trauma related pediatric abdominal surgical emergencies in our centre and determine the indicators for survival in a cohort of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of children aged 1 day to 15 years who presented with non-trauma related abdominal emergencies at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH). RESULTS: There were 129 children. The median age at presentation was 5 months (range: 1 day-15 years). There were 104 males and 25 females. Sixty-four (49.6%) patients presented within 48 hours of the onset of the symptoms while 65 (50.4%) presented after 48 hours. Intestinal obstruction is the commonest indication for pediatric emergency surgery in our centre accounting for 76 patients (58.9%). Appendicitis is the second most common indication for emergency surgery with 13 patients (10.1%). Thirteen patients (10.1%) had postoperative complications. There were 13 deaths in all (10.1% mortality rate). Eleven out of 43 (25.6%) neonates died compared with 2 (2.3%) out of 86 patients in the other age groups (P=0.002). Seven out of 107 (6.5%) patients that had surgery within 72 hours died while 5/22 (22.7%) patients died who had surgery after 72 hours (P=0.003). There were 4 mortalities (28.6%) among patients with postoperative complications compared with 9 (7.8%) mortalities among 116 patients without any postoperative complications (Pp=0.001). CONCLUSION: Intestinal obstruction is the commonest pediatric surgical emergency seen in LUTH. Neonatal age, admission to surgery intervention time >72 hours, and severe postoperative complications are associated with high mortality.

18.
J Emerg Trauma Shock ; 5(1): 55-61, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22416156

RESUMO

All over the world, pediatric trauma has emerged as an important public health problem. It accounts for the highest mortality in children and young adults in developed countries. Reports from Africa on trauma in the pediatric age group are few and most have been single center experience. In many low-and middle-income countries, the death rates from trauma in the pediatric age group exceed those found in developed countries. Much of this mortality is preventable by developing suitable preventive measures, implementing an effective trauma system and adapting interventions that have been implemented in developed countries that have led to significant reduction in both morbidity and mortality. This review of literature on the subject by pediatric and orthopedic surgeons from different centers in Africa aims to highlight the challenges faced in the care of these patients and proffer solutions to the scourge.

19.
Nig Q J Hosp Med ; 22(3): 164-7, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24564092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment of Hirschsprung's disease has followed a trend from 2 or 3-staged pull-through (SPT) procedures to a single stage primary pull-through (PPT) procedure and from open surgery to laparoscopy-assisted, and trans-anal pull through procedures. The (PPT) procedure has the advantage of avoiding a stoma and its complications. OBJECTIVE: This study compares the outcomes in open PPT and SPT in our centre. METHODS: Retrospective observational study at a single centre from Nigeria over a 4year period. RESULTS: Of 46 patients with Hirschsprung's disease, 29 patients had pull-through procedures during the study period; 19 had SPT and 10 had PPT. There were 21 boys and 8 girls (M:F = 2.6:1). Five (17.1%) were diagnosed in the neonatal period and median age at surgery was 30 months (1 month - 31 yrs). The mean length of hospital stay was 30 days (+/- 7) in the SPT group while it was 16 days (+/- 3) in the PPT group, p < 0.05. Colostomy morbidity such as prolapse and skin excoriation showed statistical significant difference compared to other complications associated with pull-through (p < 0.05); however morbidity from pull-through procedures alone were similar. There was no statistically significant difference in post operative bowel habit irrespective of type of pull through operation performed (p > 0.05). Patients were followed up for between 3 months and 36 months. Two patients died giving a mortality rate of 6.7% overall. CONCLUSION: PPT significantly reduced both hospital stay and colostomy complications compared to SPT.


Assuntos
Doença de Hirschsprung/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Laparoscopia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Nigéria , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Niger J Surg ; 18(2): 71-4, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24027397

RESUMO

AIM/OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of morbidity and outcome among patients referred to the Pediatric Surgery Unit of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) following circumcision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study of all patients with complications of circumcision who were managed in LUTH between 2008 and 2010. RESULTS: There were 36 patients. The age range was between 2 days and 9 years (median-3 months). Fifteen cases (42.9%) were due to urethro-cutaneous fistula while there were six cases (16.7%) of postcircumcision bleeding. There were four cases (11.1%) each of partial penile amputation and buried penis. There were also cases of meatal stenosis, penile implantation cyst and glanulo-preputial skin bridge. With respect to the treatment offered, eleven (30.6%) patients had urethroplasty for the urethro-cutaneous fistulae while seven (19.4%) patients had penile refashioning for the buried penis and penile amputation. Appropriate surgical treatments were performed for the other complications. CONCLUSION: Urethrocutaneous fistula and penile amputation are the commonest complications of circumcision for which referral is made to LUTH. Treatment outcome was satisfactory. Health education and legislation to ensure procedure is performed by qualified medical and paramedical staff may reduce the morbidity.

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